Hopitutuqaiki

The Hopi School

PO Box 56
Hotevilla, Arizona 86030

928-734-2433
www.hopischool.net

Scholar’s Library


Home
  By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language

Download this book: [ ASCII ]

Test

Title: A Nation in the Loom - The Scandinavian Fibre in Our Social Fabric: An Address by Rev. R. A. Jernberg
Author: Jernberg, R. A. (Reinert August)
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Nation in the Loom - The Scandinavian Fibre in Our Social Fabric: An Address by Rev. R. A. Jernberg" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



generously made available by Internet Archive (https://archive.org)



Note: Images of the original pages are available through
      Internet Archive. See
      https://archive.org/details/nationinloomscan00jern



A NATION IN THE LOOM.

The Scandinavian Fibre in Our Social Fabric.

An Address by

REV. R. A. JERNBERG

At His Inauguration as Professor in the Danish-Norwegian Department on
Mrs. D. K. Pearsons' Professorship Endowment in the Chicago Theological
Seminary,

With the Charge, by President H. C. Simmons.

Published by Vote of the Board of Directors.



Chicago:
P. F. Pettibone & Co., Printers.
1895.



SERVICES OF INAUGURATION.


The services of the inauguration of Professors R. A. Jernberg and W. B.
Chamberlain took place on Monday evening, April 15, 1895, in the First
Congregational Church, Chicago, Ill. The President of the Seminary,
Rev. Franklin W. Fisk, D.D., LL.D., presided.

The Program was as follows:


     1. Organ Voluntary, "Benediction."

     2. Te Deum in B minor, Solos, Quartet and Chorus.

     3. Invocation and Reading of Scripture, by Rev. G. S. F. Savage,
     D.D.

     4. Hymn, "I Love Thy Kingdom, Lord."

     5. Declaration of Faith, by Professor Jernberg.

     6. Charge to Professor Jernberg, by President H. C. Simmons.

     7. Inaugural Prayer, by Professor G. N. Boardman, D.D., LL.D.

     8. Address, by Professor Jernberg.

     9. Hymn, "America."

     10. Declaration of Faith, by Professor Chamberlain.

     11. Charge to Professor Chamberlain, by Rev. James Gibson Johnson,
     D.D.

     12. Inaugural Prayer, by President Franklin W. Fisk, D.D., LL.D.

     13. Address, by Professor Chamberlain.

     14. Anthem, "Send out Thy Light."

     15. Benediction.

     16. Postlude, "Prelude and Fugue."



THE CHARGE.

_Professor Jernberg_:

It is with pleasure I am permitted to give to you to-night a few words
of what is technically called a "charge."

Perhaps more than any other I am responsible for setting in motion the
forces that caused you to come to this seminary for your last year's
course of theological training, and begin while yet a theological
student the work of instruction in the department over which to-night
you are inaugurated a professor in this Seminary.

Two summers we had you in North Dakota, while yet a student in
theology, and we feel a little proud that our young State proves so
good a place to discover and develop the qualities that make a good
professor in a Theological Seminary. You are the second we have fitted
for such a position, as Professor Gillette of Hartford was called
directly from a North Dakota pastorate at Grand Forks. We feel like
saying to our friends: Send us the men for our churches and we will
send you back professors for your Theological Seminaries, Presidents
for colleges, State Superintendents for the Home Missionary Society,
and for our Sunday School Society; for we have furnished men for all
these positions.

Having discovered you, I have always felt a deep interest in you and in
the work to which you have been called. The people whom you represent,
and for whom this department is founded, are a most interesting people,
and destined to have a very great influence upon the future of our
great Northwestern States. In North Dakota, seventy per cent of our
people are of Scandinavian origin. In Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, the
Dakotas, and on to the Pacific Ocean, these sturdy people from the
north of Europe, of Protestant faith, of industrious and frugal life,
form a large element in the population. Strong in body, accustomed
to hardships, readily falling into our American ways of thought and
life, they make the very best of American citizens. Through our public
schools and other influences these people are becoming one with us in
all that makes citizenship. Thousands of them are beginning to feel
that our American churches are sure to gather in their young people,
if they are kept in line with religious work. They feel that there is
something lacking in the Old Country churches. The life and movement
is different. They attend our Sunday Schools and our evening meetings.
They sing our songs; and their young people mingle with ours in the Y.
P. S. C. E.

In one of our North Dakota towns where this work had been going on in
connection with one of our churches, a former pastor of the English
Lutheran Church in Fargo visited these people, and told them that they
must withdraw their children from our Sunday School, and withdraw from
our evening service and hold one of their own in English. While they
obeyed him for a little while, in less than a month the children were
back in our Sunday School, and the people back to our service.

These people like the freedom and simplicity of our Congregational
Churches. As earnest Christians to-day the world over care less and
less to be known as followers of John Robinson, or John Calvin, or John
Wesley, or John Knox, however glorious and worthy of honor are these
men, but rather to be known as disciples of Jesus Christ, so these
people will care less and less to be known by the name of the great and
intrepid reformer of the 16th century, but rather by that name above
every name, which makes us all brethren, marching under one banner and
bent on executing the commission the Master left us,--to conquer the
world for Him.

My brother: From this great northern belt of states, where these your
people live, if I mistake not, are to come the strongest type of men
into the great centers of life of this nation. By their sturdy manhood
they are to give a vigor and moral tone that is needed in these great
centers of power. If you will train and send out from this Seminary
preachers of the Gospel of Christ among these people, who shall hold up
the Gospel in its simplicity and yet in demonstration of the Spirit and
with power from God, you will not only do a work for your countrymen
that will be welcomed by them, and will result in bringing them and
us nearer together as a people, but a work for our country that needs
more than ever to be done _now_. You will help to make the nation's
life throb with the pulsations of a faith in God that is seen to be
the foundation of a great brotherhood gathered out of these different
nationalities, and made one by the breaking down of dividing barriers.
This, if I mistake not, is the mission of your department in this
Seminary: Not to give these people a new Gospel--they have the same
Gospel with us--but to bring them into fellowship and co-operative
work with us in making the moral force of their life felt with ours,
in keeping this nation in the way of righteousness, and of faith in
God. This department in this Seminary may yet become in its influence
upon the religious life of the Northwest, second to none in the results
achieved. North Dakota perhaps stands first to-day of all the States,
in its successful fight in overthrowing the power of the open saloon;
and this has been achieved largely by the power of the Scandinavian
vote which is on the side of law and order.

Our fathers coming over the sea left behind them in large measure the
forms of church life of the old countries from which they came, but
they kept their faith in God. They shaped for themselves the forms
of worship as they thought best adapted for the conditions of their
new life. They drew them fresh from the Divine Word. They have built
up for themselves and for us a church life and a national life, that
have grown together into the life we now have. Shall we not expect that
coming into our political and social life, these Scandinavian peoples
will also readily assimilate our methods of religious worship and work?
It is ours at least to place before them an open door and invite them
into that liberty, that equality, that fraternity in Christian life and
doctrine, which as a people it has been our privilege under God not
only to proclaim, but I trust also in some degree to make real. May the
blessing of God be with you in this work and upon the Seminary of which
you now become an installed professor.



INAUGURAL ADDRESS.


A NATION IN THE LOOM.

THE SCANDINAVIAN FIBRE IN OUR SOCIAL FABRIC.


The analysis of the elements that enter into the composition of
nations, and the effect of their combinations, is one of the most
fascinating studies in universal history. The loom of time has been
weaving garments for this old world of ours, and the nations of the
earth have clothed him with the glory of their sons and daughters, as
long as the fibre of their manhood or womanhood could stand the wear.
When age and use have worn them thin, and the strength of their fibre
has passed away, the cast-off garments have been flung to the rag-man,
old Father Time, who has been able sometimes to use the pieces that
still were good for some new robe with which to drape the captious
old shoulders. This is history. The weaving of these robes must never
cease, for the wearing of them uses them up, and their durability
always depends on the stuff out of which they are made. The latest
piece, which is still in the loom, is the nation into whose texture we
are now weaving our lives and characters, and those of some seventy
millions more of all kinds of men and women. Since our own go in with
the rest, we may be pardoned for the interest which some of us feel in
the improvement of the fibre from which the nation is made, and our
anxiety that it be of the right kind. Our present inquiry concerns the
quality of a part of our social fabric, the Scandinavian element in
our population. What has been its use and its influence in the older
nations, and by what processes does it find its place in the new?

The world was old and had worn out many nations, when out of the
north, liberated from the snow and ice of Ultima Thule, there came
the Norseman like the very whirlwind from his frozen home. He was
like naught that the world had seen in all the ages before his time.
His joy and happiness he found in battle, his sweetest pleasure in a
violent death, for only through this portal could he hope to enter
the company of heroes who dwelt with Odin in the glory of Valhalla,
and there continue the joys of earth in daily battles and nightly
feasting. "Is there any people," says Taine, "Hindu, Persian, Greek or
Gaelic which has founded so tragic a conception of life? Is there any
which has filled its infantine mind with such gloomy dreams? Is there
any which has so entirely banished the sweetness from enjoyment, the
softness from pleasure. Energy, tenacious and mournful energy, such
was their chosen condition." The individuality of that vigorous race
stamped its mark upon every nation which it conquered, and upon every
institution which it touched. Scarcely a nation in the Europe of that
time but felt their influence, and scarcely one on the continent to-day
who is not indebted to them. But the influence which the Scandinavians
had upon the Anglo-Saxon race can be traced more clearly still than
its effect upon continental nations. The name of England or Englaland
came from the North, from the province of Angeln, which was a part of
Denmark until our own times. The Angles gave to the land their language
also, which was further strengthened by a later infusion of the Danish
tongue; so that wherever the English language shall be spoken until the
end of time, there will men mould their thoughts in the forms which the
Vikings used, and express the keenest feelings of their inmost hearts
in the vigorous speech which the Norsemen taught us, years before the
Norman conquest.

Having put the impress of his personality so indelibly upon English
life, it goes without saying that the Norseman's influence reached
America with the first Englishman who landed here, if, indeed, it had
not been here already since the days of Eric the Red among the Iroquois
Indians. But contenting ourselves with the established testimony of
history, there are still surprises in store for us. Not many of those
who trace their descent back to the Pilgrim Fathers would think perhaps
of ascribing to their Scandinavian origin any share of the character
which made these pioneers the moulding and determining force of this
country's history. But a single witness will establish such a claim.
John Fiske in his "Discovery of America" says: "The descendants of
these Northmen (who came to England) formed a very large proportion
of the population of the East Anglian counties, and consequently of
the men who founded New England. The East Anglian counties have been
conspicuous for resistance to tyranny and for freedom of thought."
In another place he says, "While every one of the forty counties of
England was represented in the great Puritan exodus, the East Anglian
counties contributed to it far more than all the rest. Perhaps it would
not be far out of the way to say, that two-thirds of the American
people who can trace their ancestry to New England, might follow it
back to the East Anglian shires of the mother country." So far John
Fiske. But having done that, it might be possible for these same
excellent people, if the record could only be found, to trace their
descent back from the East Anglian counties to the mountains and plains
of the Scandinavian peninsulas.

We may observe then that the difference of race is not so great as we
sometimes think. What wonder is it that the Scandinavian immigrant
assimilates so readily with the native population in this country as
he does. Has he not come to his kith and kin, to share with them in
the fruitage of the early sowing and careful planting of his fathers,
which has found its fullest and freest development in the United
States? Not that the seed has died or been destroyed over there in
its native soil. The Scandinavian who comes here does not pose as
the victim of oppression and persecution at home. Unlike most of the
immigrants of his class, he is used to having a voice in the affairs
of his country. He usually elects his own representative to the
legislature, he manages the affairs of his district, town or city with
a liberty almost as great as our own. Gladstone calls the constitution
of Norway the most liberal in all the world. The burdens of public
responsibility which come to the Scandinavian on his arrival to America
are not new therefore, and to his honor be it said that he appreciates
their importance quite as much as many of those who are born here. He
soon learns to think of this country as his own. In the hour of peril
when this nation called upon its sons to save its life, the Norsemen
who had made their homes here responded as freely to the call as those
who knew no other land, and gave their lives for their adopted country
as cheerfully as these.

In speaking of the development of the Scandinavians in the United
States, it must be evident, therefore, that the premises from which we
start are very different from those in the case of almost any other
foreigners among us; for the development of the qualities which many of
them bring from their native lands would mean anything but the peace,
prosperity or happiness of this. But the Scandinavian, however crude or
untutored he may appear, is recognized even by those who love him least
as having in him the elements that are the terror of evil doers. When
the anarchists of Haymarket fame were on trial for their lives in this
city, their counsel requested that no Scandinavian should be accepted
on the jury, saying, that he would challenge every talesman of Norse
blood on the ground of his nationality. The Scandinavians everywhere
felt complimented by the challenge, and the lawyer was certainly
correct in his estimate of them.

The most serious charge that can be brought against the Scandinavians
in this country as a class is, that they are behind the times. Since
the days of Gustavus Adolphus and his work for the Reformation the
northern nations have had little influence upon the life of Europe.
Charles XII. of Sweden for a time disturbed the peace of Russia,
and Napoleon managed to mix up the Scandinavian countries in his
difficulties with England, but with these exceptions no great interest
has been felt for the world outside by the people of the North. While
the great world south of him was moving forward through revolutions
of governments and of thought, the Scandinavian sat still at home,
pondering the question how the stones around him might be made bread.
In the onward march of the world he was almost forgotten up there in
the frozen north, and in his isolation his ideas and his interests
narrowed down to the affairs of his own little circle, which to him
became of supreme importance. Class distinctions, almost as severely
marked as by the Hindu caste system, gradually divided each little
community, and they still remain in a great measure, in spite of the
modern renaissance which the Scandinavian countries have experienced
during the present century. In religious affairs there has been until
recently a regime as autocratic almost as that of the Czar. All
Scandinavians since 1550 until the latter half of this century were
by reason of their nativity members of the Lutheran church. When one
ventures to separate himself from that church he voluntarily ostracises
himself from the society in which he has had a standing hitherto,
and is made to feel that his religious views are revolutionary and
anarchistic, refusing obedience to appointed authority in spiritual
things. This pressure unquestionably hinders the work of the
reformed churches in Scandinavia no less perhaps than the intolerant
dogmatism of the State Church, which unblushingly arrogates to itself
the monopoly of Christian truth and the right to teach it. These
characteristics have been intensified and stereotyped by the isolation
of the people, so that the work of bringing those who come to this
country into sympathy with the social and religious ideas of life here
must of necessity be a work of time and of patient education.

One of the difficulties, perhaps the greatest, in the way of such
endeavors is the common practice of all our foreigners to colonize,
both in the city and in the country, thus creating for themselves an
environment which perpetuates indefinitely the alien characteristics
peculiar to them. The foreigner remains a foreigner still. He has
simply transplanted the environment in which he was born, minus some
of its burdens, from the Old World to the New, and he may continue the
remainder of his life in the midst of these surroundings as much an
alien, right here in Chicago, as if he had never crossed the Atlantic
Ocean. He looks with distrust and with contempt upon the institutions
of this land because he does not understand them, and he is suspicious
of every stranger who is _hostis_ (an enemy) until he knows him.

The foreign settlements in the country districts are, if possible,
still more unaffected by the influence of their larger environment
than the foreign colonies in the cities. In many portions of our land
it is possible to travel for miles through a foreign country, as far
as population is concerned, and not seldom is the second generation as
thoroughly foreign as their parents, so that an American may need an
interpreter at every house if he intends to transact business there.
Under such conditions it is very evident that the moral, intellectual,
or religious development of these communities would be the work of
ages, if dependent upon the forces within themselves. The cultivating
power must come from without and be shot through and through them,
so that the individuals and the families in them may somehow come
under the influence of that larger environment lying outside of their
immediate colony, or the years will only perpetuate the conditions
which in our day have become not only interesting but very serious
social problems for Americans to solve.

Such an outside penetrating power is the American public school. Here
is an institution which, whatever else it does not do, certainly
fosters a spirit of patriotism and of loyalty to the flag that floats
above it. No other land can be as dear to the children educated here
as this land; no language will be more thoroughly theirs than the
language of their books and teachers; and thus it will be found that
in any foreign community where the children attend the public schools,
American ideas and standards of life are permeating it with a power
which must eventually change it into an American community.

So well is this understood by those who are the guides and teachers of
certain foreign nationalities among us, and who would, if they could,
keep them forever intact from the influence of American life, that they
spare no pains to shield them from it, and withdraw their children and
youth from the teaching of the public school, putting them into schools
of their own where their foreign ideas and their foreign tongues may be
perpetuated in the next generation. This is the meaning of Protestant
parochial schools, no matter what other explanation of them is offered.

The Scandinavians do not fall under censure in this matter. They
have not as a rule set up their own schools in competition with the
public school, but they have schools of a higher grade. Most of these
were first established to furnish ministers for their own churches.
Gradually, however, they have come to feel the pressure of their
larger environment, so that their curriculum is now usually arranged
with a view to giving all the inhabitants of the entire community the
benefit of their instruction. Thus in the Gustavus Adolphus College
in St. Peter, Minn., representatives of seven different nationalities
were in attendance last year; while the Swedish college in Rock
Island, Ill., had fifty-one Americans, fifteen Germans, two Persians
and two Hebrews among their five hundred students. The Luther College
in Decorah, Ia, claims to send more young men to the Johns Hopkins
University in Baltimore for postgraduate study than any other western
college. Several of these Scandinavian schools have come to see that
they must adapt themselves more and more to the demands upon them from
the entire community, and open the doors to all applicants for an
education without regard to nationality. The principal of one of these
schools writes: "Our school is not a Scandinavian, but an American
institution of learning in the fullest sense of that word." Perhaps in
no other sphere is the development of the Scandinavians into Americans
better illustrated than in this evolution of their higher schools,
for this tendency is not sporadic, but general; and when we remember
that there are fifty-one such institutions in the Northwest, with five
thousand young men and women studying in them, we begin to realize
their importance, with their tendency towards a universal and liberal
education, as factors in the development of the Scandinavians in this
country.

It has already been intimated that this evolution of the Scandinavian
schools has been compelled by their environment in American communities
more than by any inherent desire of their own. One of these influences
has been the attractions which American schools and colleges in the
Northwest have especially offered to the Scandinavian young people.
The University of Minnesota for example, offers an attractive course
in Scandinavian literature under a very capable teacher in that
department, and some effort in the same direction is made by the
Chicago University. Carleton College has taken a still more decided
step by establishing a complete Scandinavian department for the benefit
of the young people of that race who may prefer to attend a purely
American institution.

Another influence which is permeating the densest Scandinavian
communities and is reaching the most isolated families is exerted
by the Scandinavian press. The importance of this factor will
be understood, at least in part, when we know how generally the
Scandinavians are a reading people. According to our last census there
are 933,349 of them in the United States who were born across the sea.
The one hundred and twenty-seven newspapers published for their benefit
here, have a circulation of 885,549. That is to say, if the immigrants
were the only subscribers to these papers, every one of them with the
exception of about 50,000 would be a subscriber to a newspaper in his
own tongue; and it may be added that these 50,000 really represent the
children for whom almost nothing seems to be done in this particular.
Papers like the _Youth's Companion_ and _St. Nicholas_ are almost
unknown to the Scandinavian children in America, but thus is the second
generation woven into our social fabric. It is evident, of course, that
these one hundred and twenty-seven Scandinavian newspapers are read by
as many of those who are born here, as by those of the other class, for
it is usually estimated by newspaper men that every copy of a weekly
paper is read on the average by five persons. No less than 4,427,740
Scandinavians, therefore, in this country would be constant readers of
their own papers. As there are only half as many persons here who are
able to read the Scandinavian languages, it may be concluded that this
entire people is keeping abreast with the history of the great world
outside their own immediate circle, however narrow and contracted that
may be.

Studying a little closer the influences exerted by the Scandinavian
newspapers, we find that they are naturally published in the centers
of that population. Twenty-four of them are published in Chicago
with a circulation of 307,675, and twenty-six in the twin cities of
Minnesota with a circulation of 222,050. About half of the Scandinavian
newspapers, therefore, are published in the three cities of St. Paul,
Minneapolis and Chicago, and the readers of these papers, certainly
not less than 1,000,000 people, must come to feel the throb of life in
these great American cities. We have seen that it is possible to find
communities in the city as foreign in life and thought as those beyond
the sea, and if the influences that are scattered from the centers
of our population receive their inspiration from such surroundings,
then the newspapers cannot, from an American point of view, be a very
helpful factor in our problem; but the inspiration of the newspapers
does not come from that source. Their editors, with very rare
exceptions, are men in hearty sympathy with American institutions, and
in fullest touch with nearly every phase of American life.

The papers among the Scandinavians, to a far greater extent than among
the Americans, are the guides and teachers of their constituency
in nearly all concerns of life. In matters political, social and
financial, they receive their inspiration largely from their better
American contemporaries, thus bringing their readers under the best
influences of the American press. In religious matters, however, this
is not so, for here the spirit of the Church holds sway. This is,
of course, to be expected in the religious journals of the Lutheran
Church, in which the impression is generally made, that the borders of
the Kingdom of God upon the earth do not extend much beyond the lines
of Lutheran faith for any man, and certainly not for a Scandinavian.
But the secular papers also feel the power of the Church, and are
practically controlled by her spirit. Her schools and seminaries find
generous space and frequent mention in their columns, while those
outside of her domain are quietly ignored. The health and movements of
her ministers and laymen are supposed to be items of general interest
to their readers, while those who have ventured to formally leave
the communion of the Church have thereby sold their birthright and
forfeited all further recognition. To their excuse it may be said that
in these respects the newspapers only reflect the sentiments of the
great majority of their readers, and for doing this newspapers usually
have no apologies to make in any tongue.

The situation as here described may serve to show the importance of
an independent press, a journalism completely free from the least
suspicion of spiritual tyranny. There are such journals among the
Scandinavians. One or two of them are towers of strength, but the
greater number are feebly supported by a few dissenters sprinkled
over this entire land. And yet their influence is not unimportant.
In the minds of their readers they open windows that have grown dim
by the dust of ages; from the musty chambers they clear the cobwebs
that no breath of air has disturbed before. They give new visions of a
life much richer than that of the Fathers, and in this work they join
from a Christian standpoint the stream of thought and aspiration in
Scandinavian literature, which for the last century has broken away
from the narrow bounds which hitherto held it; but mostly in channels
realistic, un-Christian and often infidel.

The work which these papers are doing should be encouraged more than it
is, for it means the emancipation of a race, and a larger life for our
republic.

It remains to speak of another factor in the process of weaving the
Scandinavian fibre into our social fabric. That is the Church. The
only Church which until recently has had the moulding and determining
influence on the Scandinavian people is the Lutheran. For three
hundred and fifty years or more she has held undisputed sway over their
spiritual and intellectual life. The result fills one with sadness.
In England and America men have generally come to believe the Church
of Christ the most potent power for the help and uplift of every man
who comes under its influence. In Scandinavia they have come to think
that before a man can be lifted out of his narrow, selfish and often
stupid views of life, he must come out from the Church, for it is her
influence that is crushing all higher life out of the people. This
explains the exodus from the Church, on the one hand, of the men who
are the intellectual leaders of the North to-day, the writers of its
literature, and who go into infidelity; on the other hand of those
who still believe that in Christ alone is life, but failing to find
it in the forms and ceremonies of a lifeless church come out from it,
and are like sheep having no shepherd, though looking for the true
fold of Christ. The first class, the literati, have frankly and almost
unanimously bidden Christianity farewell. Thinking the whole of it as
hollow and emasculated as the only representative of it familiar to
them, they have no use for it themselves, and only warnings against it
for others. Apart from this hostility to the Church their endeavors
seem to be on the side of good. In books and lectures they labor
enthusiastically for the social and intellectual elevation of the
people. The second class, those who for conscience sake have separated
themselves, the dissenters, have naturally no sympathy with this
intellectual movement. They look with distrust upon an education with
Christ left out of it. While, therefore, they have broken with the
Church because of her lack of life, they are no less suspicious of the
schools, for learning to them means only the hindrance and death of
spiritual life. They do not want their preachers to be taught by men,
but only by the Holy Spirit. All other learning is vain and puffeth
up. This prejudice against an educated ministry is greatly hindering
the growth of the free church work in Denmark and Norway, and among
these nationalities here. In Sweden, however, this feeling is rapidly
disappearing before the influence of educated leaders and excellent
free church seminaries.

It has seemed necessary to point out these two very opposite results of
the rule of the Lutheran Church in Scandinavia in order to understand
how much she may be relied on as a factor in the development of the
Scandinavians in this country, for as she is there so she is here, only
modified by the irresistible influence of her environment.

The bane of the spiritual power of the Lutheran Church is this: She
exists for herself and not for the people, she is not the means to
an end, but is herself the end. She bears testimony to this in her
attitude of opposition to every effort made by other Christian Churches
to elevate and convert the Scandinavian people. One of her ministers,
writing some years ago, and deploring the spiritual condition of his
Norwegian countrymen here in Chicago, said, that of the 40,000 of them
in the city then, all baptized and by law made members of the Church,
not more than 5,000 could be found in her places of worship. Yet he
branded every attempt by Christians of other denominations to draw some
of the remaining 35,000 away from the saloons, beer gardens and Sunday
picnics, where he said large numbers of them were to be found, as base
and un-Christian efforts to proselyte, and steal them away from their
spiritual mother. This is the spirit of the whole Church. In the first
meeting of her united factions in America in 1890, the Norwegian United
Church passed some resolutions, especially aimed at our Congregational
work, condemning and vigorously protesting against all missionary
efforts of other denominations among the Scandinavians.

Lutheran preachers never miss an opportunity to tell us that the
education and spiritual training of the foreigners, is their business
and not ours. But, in view of the results of that training in their
old home, it seems a question quite fair to ask, if we want them
to continue that work here. When our lamented brother, Rev. M. W.
Montgomery, turned the search-light of his book "A Wind From the Holy
Spirit in Sweden and Norway," upon the religious conditions in the
Church of those countries, and showed to the world what it really was,
it caused a commotion in that Church on both sides of the sea, which
he hardly had expected. When the light shines in upon a darkness that
has not been broken for three hundred years, it wakes to activity many
drowsy creatures who vociferously protest against the intrusion. The
development of the Scandinavians in this country towards the ideas of
our American life have been in spite of the influence of their mother
Church, and not because of its help. Serious as this charge may be, it
is amply proven by the words and works of their teachers and preachers.

In view of these facts, what is to be the attitude of American
Christians towards these people? Must we ask permission from the
Lutheran Church, who claims to own them, before we try to save those
who are yet in their sins? Shall they perish because they find not the
way to God through the portals of this particular church? Need we fear
the charge of proselyting, when we labor simply to win men from the
kingdom of darkness to the kingdom of light? Our Master's command was:
"Go teach all nations," and, lest we forget to go, he graciously brings
the opportunity right to our doors. Again, it seems as if the great
shepherd of the sheep had especially committed to our care that large
number of earnest Scandinavian Christians who for conscience sake have
separated themselves from the Church of their fathers, and who have no
other affiliation. They stand nearest to us in their conceptions of
faith and church polity. They themselves have recognized this kinship
of spirit by repeated expressions of confidence in us. Our Seminary is
the only one in all the world to whom the Danes and Norwegians of these
independent churches on both sides of the sea can go for an educated
ministry. The influence of our work for them has long been recognized
both by friends and foes as making for a Christianity in closest
sympathy with Congregational methods, and for a citizenship in touch
with American institutions.

We are not deceived by our desires or our hopes; we have no thought
that our labors will overturn nations in a day, nor that on us is
laid the task of setting all things right. But having come into
the fellowship of the great needs of these people, having seen the
possibilities for their development along all the lines of a better
and higher life, we rejoice that to us it is given into each of these
factors of the school, of the press and of the Church of Christ, to
throw the influence of an institution like this not only, but the
moral force of the churches behind it as well. Perhaps our share in
the shaping and moulding of the people for whom we work may not be
large, nor greatly esteemed. But we have the satisfaction of giving
expression both in word and deed to the conviction of our hearts, that
no other power on earth can lift a people into the fullest and richest
experiences of life, political, intellectual, social or spiritual, like
the Gospel of Jesus Christ; for it is the power of God unto salvation
unto everyone that believeth, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
And He when He is lifted up shall draw all men unto Him.





*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Nation in the Loom - The Scandinavian Fibre in Our Social Fabric: An Address by Rev. R. A. Jernberg" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.



Home