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Title: Zanoni
Author: Lytton, Edward Bulwer Lytton, Baron
Language: English
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(PLATE: “Thou art good and fair,” said Viola. Drawn by P. Kauffmann,
etched by Deblois.)

DEDICATORY EPISTLE First prefixed to the Edition of 1845



In looking round the wide and luminous circle of our great living
Englishmen, to select one to whom I might fitly dedicate this work,--one
who, in his life as in his genius, might illustrate the principle I have
sought to convey; elevated by the ideal which he exalts, and
serenely dwelling in a glorious existence with the images born of his
imagination,--in looking round for some such man, my thoughts rested
upon you. Afar from our turbulent cabals; from the ignoble jealousy and
the sordid strife which degrade and acerbate the ambition of Genius,--in
your Roman Home, you have lived amidst all that is loveliest and least
perishable in the past, and contributed with the noblest aims, and in
the purest spirit, to the mighty heirlooms of the future. Your youth has
been devoted to toil, that your manhood may be consecrated to fame: a
fame unsullied by one desire of gold. You have escaped the two worst
perils that beset the artist in our time and land,--the debasing
tendencies of commerce, and the angry rivalries of competition. You have
not wrought your marble for the market,--you have not been tempted, by
the praises which our vicious criticism has showered upon exaggeration
and distortion, to lower your taste to the level of the hour; you
have lived, and you have laboured, as if you had no rivals but in the
dead,--no purchasers, save in judges of what is best. In the divine
priesthood of the beautiful, you have sought only to increase her
worshippers and enrich her temples. The pupil of Canova, you have
inherited his excellences, while you have shunned his errors,--yours his
delicacy, not his affectation. Your heart resembles him even more
than your genius: you have the same noble enthusiasm for your sublime
profession; the same lofty freedom from envy, and the spirit that
depreciates; the same generous desire not to war with but to serve
artists in your art; aiding, strengthening, advising, elevating the
timidity of inexperience, and the vague aspirations of youth. By
the intuition of a kindred mind, you have equalled the learning
of Winckelman, and the plastic poetry of Goethe, in the intimate
comprehension of the antique. Each work of yours, rightly studied, is in
itself a CRITICISM, illustrating the sublime secrets of the Grecian
Art, which, without the servility of plagiarism, you have contributed to
revive amongst us; in you we behold its three great and long-undetected
principles,--simplicity, calm, and concentration.

But your admiration of the Greeks has not led you to the bigotry of
the mere antiquarian, nor made you less sensible of the unappreciated
excellence of the mighty modern, worthy to be your countryman,--though
till his statue is in the streets of our capital, we show ourselves not
worthy of the glory he has shed upon our land. You have not suffered
even your gratitude to Canova to blind you to the superiority of
Flaxman. When we become sensible of our title-deeds to renown in that
single name, we may look for an English public capable of real patronage
to English Art,--and not till then.

I, artist in words, dedicate, then, to you, artist whose ideas speak in
marble, this well-loved work of my matured manhood. I love it not the
less because it has been little understood and superficially judged
by the common herd: it was not meant for them. I love it not the more
because it has found enthusiastic favorers amongst the Few. My affection
for my work is rooted in the solemn and pure delight which it gave me
to conceive and to perform. If I had graven it on the rocks of a desert,
this apparition of my own innermost mind, in its least-clouded moments,
would have been to me as dear; and this ought, I believe, to be the
sentiment with which he whose Art is born of faith in the truth and
beauty of the principles he seeks to illustrate, should regard his work.
Your serener existence, uniform and holy, my lot denies,--if my heart
covets. But our true nature is in our thoughts, not our deeds: and
therefore, in books--which ARE his thoughts--the author’s character lies
bare to the discerning eye. It is not in the life of cities,--in the
turmoil and the crowd; it is in the still, the lonely, and more sacred
life, which for some hours, under every sun, the student lives (his
stolen retreat from the Agora to the Cave), that I feel there is between
us the bond of that secret sympathy, that magnetic chain, which unites
the everlasting brotherhood of whose being Zanoni is the type.

E.B.L. London, May, 1845.


One of the peculiarities of Bulwer was his passion for occult studies.
They had a charm for him early in life, and he pursued them with the
earnestness which characterised his pursuit of other studies. He
became absorbed in wizard lore; he equipped himself with magical
implements,--with rods for transmitting influence, and crystal balls
in which to discern coming scenes and persons; and communed with
spiritualists and mediums. The fruit of these mystic studies is seen in
“Zanoni” and “A strange Story,” romances which were a labour of love to
the author, and into which he threw all the power he possessed,--power
re-enforced by multifarious reading and an instinctive appreciation
of Oriental thought. These weird stories, in which the author has
formulated his theory of magic, are of a wholly different type from his
previous fictions, and, in place of the heroes and villains of every
day life, we have beings that belong in part to another sphere, and that
deal with mysterious and occult agencies. Once more the old forgotten
lore of the Cabala is unfolded; the furnace of the alchemist, whose
fires have been extinct for centuries, is lighted anew, and the lamp
of the Rosicrucian re-illumined. No other works of the author,
contradictory as have been the opinions of them, have provoked such
a diversity of criticism as these. To some persons they represent
a temporary aberration of genius rather than any serious thought or
definite purpose; while others regard them as surpassing in bold and
original speculation, profound analysis of character, and thrilling
interest, all of the author’s other works. The truth, we believe,
lies midway between these extremes. It is questionable whether the
introduction into a novel of such subjects as are discussed in these
romances be not an offence against good sense and good taste; but it
is as unreasonable to deny the vigour and originality of their author’s
conceptions, as to deny that the execution is imperfect, and, at times,
bungling and absurd.

It has been justly said that the present half century has witnessed
the rise and triumphs of science, the extent and marvels of which even
Bacon’s fancy never conceived, simultaneously with superstitions grosser
than any which Bacon’s age believed. “The one is, in fact, the
natural reaction from the other. The more science seeks to exclude
the miraculous, and reduce all nature, animate and inanimate, to an
invariable law of sequences, the more does the natural instinct of man
rebel, and seek an outlet for those obstinate questionings, those ‘blank
misgivings of a creature moving about in worlds not realised,’ taking
refuge in delusions as degrading as any of the so-called Dark Ages.” It
was the revolt from the chilling materialism of the age which inspired
the mystic creations of “Zanoni” and “A Strange Story.” Of these works,
which support and supplement each other, one is the contemplation of our
actual life through a spiritual medium, the other is designed to show
that, without some gleams of the supernatural, man is not man, nor
nature nature.

In “Zanoni” the author introduces us to two human beings who have
achieved immortality: one, Mejnour, void of all passion or feeling,
calm, benignant, bloodless, an intellect rather than a man; the other,
Zanoni, the pupil of Mejnour, the representative of an ideal life in
its utmost perfection, possessing eternal youth, absolute power, and
absolute knowledge, and withal the fullest capacity to enjoy and to
love, and, as a necessity of that love, to sorrow and despair. By his
love for Viola Zanoni is compelled to descend from his exalted state,
to lose his eternal calm, and to share in the cares and anxieties of
humanity; and this degradation is completed by the birth of a child.
Finally, he gives up the life which hangs on that of another, in order
to save that other, the loving and beloved wife, who has delivered
him from his solitude and isolation. Wife and child are mortal, and to
outlive them and his love for them is impossible. But Mejnour, who is
the impersonation of thought,--pure intellect without affection,--lives

Bulwer has himself justly characterised this work, in the Introduction,
as a romance and not a romance, as a truth for those who can comprehend
it, and an extravagance for those who cannot. The most careless or
matter-of-fact reader must see that the work, like the enigmatical
“Faust,” deals in types and symbols; that the writer intends to suggest
to the mind something more subtle and impalpable than that which is
embodied to the senses. What that something is, hardly two persons will
agree. The most obvious interpretation of the types is, that in Zanoni
the author depicts to us humanity, perfected, sublimed, which lives
not for self, but for others; in Mejnour, as we have before said, cold,
passionless, self-sufficing intellect; in Glyndon, the young Englishman,
the mingled strength and weakness of human nature; in the heartless,
selfish artist, Nicot, icy, soulless atheism, believing nothing, hoping
nothing, trusting and loving nothing; and in the beautiful, artless
Viola, an exquisite creation, pure womanhood, loving, trusting and
truthful. As a work of art the romance is one of great power. It is
original in its conception, and pervaded by one central idea; but
it would have been improved, we think, by a more sparing use of the
supernatural. The inevitable effect of so much hackneyed diablerie--of
such an accumulation of wonder upon wonder--is to deaden the impression
they would naturally make upon us. In Hawthorne’s tales we see with what
ease a great imaginative artist can produce a deeper thrill by a far
slighter use of the weird and the mysterious.

The chief interest of the story for the ordinary reader centres, not in
its ghostly characters and improbable machinery, the scenes in Mejnour’s
chamber in the ruined castle among the Apennines, the colossal and
appalling apparitions on Vesuvius, the hideous phantom with its burning
eye that haunted Glyndon, but in the loves of Viola and the mysterious
Zanoni, the blissful and the fearful scenes through which they pass,
and their final destiny, when the hero of the story sacrifices his
own “charmed life” to save hers, and the Immortal finds the only true
immortality in death. Among the striking passages in the work are the
pathetic sketch of the old violinist and composer, Pisani, with his
sympathetic “barbiton” which moaned, groaned, growled, and laughed
responsive to the feelings of its master; the description of Viola’s and
her father’s triumph, when “The Siren,” his masterpiece, is performed at
the San Carlo in Naples; Glyndon’s adventure at the Carnival in Naples;
the death of his sister; the vivid pictures of the Reign of Terror in
Paris, closing with the downfall of Robespierre and his satellites; and
perhaps, above all, the thrilling scene where Zanoni leaves Viola asleep
in prison when his guards call him to execution, and she, unconscious of
the terrible sacrifice, but awaking and missing him, has a vision of the
procession to the guillotine, with Zanoni there, radiant in youth
and beauty, followed by the sudden vanishing of the headsman,--the
horror,--and the “Welcome” of her loved one to Heaven in a myriad of
melodies from the choral hosts above.

“Zanoni” was originally published by Saunders and Otley, London, in
three volumes 12mo., in 1842. A translation into French, made by M.
Sheldon under the direction of P. Lorain, was published in Paris in the
“Bibliotheque des Meilleurs Romans Etrangers.”



As a work of imagination, “Zanoni” ranks, perhaps, amongst the highest
of my prose fictions. In the Poem of “King Arthur,” published many years
afterwards, I have taken up an analogous design, in the contemplation
of our positive life through a spiritual medium; and I have enforced,
through a far wider development, and, I believe, with more complete and
enduring success, that harmony between the external events which are
all that the superficial behold on the surface of human affairs, and the
subtle and intellectual agencies which in reality influence the conduct
of individuals, and shape out the destinies of the world. As man has two
lives,--that of action and that of thought,--so I conceive that work
to be the truest representation of humanity which faithfully delineates
both, and opens some elevating glimpse into the sublimest mysteries of
our being, by establishing the inevitable union that exists between
the plain things of the day, in which our earthly bodies perform their
allotted part, and the latent, often uncultivated, often invisible,
affinities of the soul with all the powers that eternally breathe and
move throughout the Universe of Spirit.

I refer those who do me the honour to read “Zanoni” with more attention
than is given to ordinary romance, to the Poem of “King Arthur,” for
suggestive conjecture into most of the regions of speculative research,
affecting the higher and more important condition of our ultimate being,
which have engaged the students of immaterial philosophy in my own age.

Affixed to the “Note” with which this work concludes, and which treats
of the distinctions between type and allegory, the reader will find,
from the pen of one of our most eminent living writers, an ingenious
attempt to explain the interior or typical meanings of the work now
before him.


It is possible that among my readers there may be a few not unacquainted
with an old-book shop, existing some years since in the neighbourhood
of Covent Garden; I say a few, for certainly there was little enough to
attract the many in those precious volumes which the labour of a life
had accumulated on the dusty shelves of my old friend D--. There were to
be found no popular treatises, no entertaining romances, no histories,
no travels, no “Library for the People,” no “Amusement for the Million.”
 But there, perhaps, throughout all Europe, the curious might discover
the most notable collection, ever amassed by an enthusiast, of the works
of alchemist, cabalist, and astrologer. The owner had lavished a fortune
in the purchase of unsalable treasures. But old D-- did not desire to
sell. It absolutely went to his heart when a customer entered his shop:
he watched the movements of the presumptuous intruder with a vindictive
glare; he fluttered around him with uneasy vigilance,--he frowned, he
groaned, when profane hands dislodged his idols from their niches. If
it were one of the favourite sultanas of his wizard harem that attracted
you, and the price named were not sufficiently enormous, he would not
unfrequently double the sum. Demur, and in brisk delight he snatched the
venerable charmer from your hands; accede, and he became the picture of
despair,--nor unfrequently, at the dead of night, would he knock at your
door, and entreat you to sell him back, at your own terms, what you had
so egregiously bought at his. A believer himself in his Averroes and
Paracelsus, he was as loth as the philosophers he studied to communicate
to the profane the learning he had collected.

It so chanced that some years ago, in my younger days, whether of
authorship or life, I felt a desire to make myself acquainted with
the true origin and tenets of the singular sect known by the name of
Rosicrucians. Dissatisfied with the scanty and superficial accounts to
be found in the works usually referred to on the subject, it struck
me as possible that Mr. D--‘s collection, which was rich, not only in
black-letter, but in manuscripts, might contain some more accurate and
authentic records of that famous brotherhood,--written, who knows?
by one of their own order, and confirming by authority and detail the
pretensions to wisdom and to virtue which Bringaret had arrogated to the
successors of the Chaldean and Gymnosophist. Accordingly I repaired to
what, doubtless, I ought to be ashamed to confess, was once one of
my favourite haunts. But are there no errors and no fallacies, in the
chronicles of our own day, as absurd as those of the alchemists of old?
Our very newspapers may seem to our posterity as full of delusions as
the books of the alchemists do to us; not but what the press is the air
we breathe,--and uncommonly foggy the air is too!

On entering the shop, I was struck by the venerable appearance of a
customer whom I had never seen there before. I was struck yet more
by the respect with which he was treated by the disdainful collector.
“Sir,” cried the last, emphatically, as I was turning over the leaves of
the catalogue,--“sir, you are the only man I have met, in five-and-forty
years that I have spent in these researches, who is worthy to be my
customer. How--where, in this frivolous age, could you have acquired
a knowledge so profound? And this august fraternity, whose doctrines,
hinted at by the earliest philosophers, are still a mystery to the
latest; tell me if there really exists upon the earth any book,
any manuscript, in which their discoveries, their tenets, are to be

At the words, “august fraternity,” I need scarcely say that my attention
had been at once aroused, and I listened eagerly for the stranger’s

“I do not think,” said the old gentleman, “that the masters of the
school have ever consigned, except by obscure hint and mystical parable,
their real doctrines to the world. And I do not blame them for their

Here he paused, and seemed about to retire, when I said, somewhat
abruptly, to the collector, “I see nothing, Mr. D--, in this catalogue
which relates to the Rosicrucians!”

“The Rosicrucians!” repeated the old gentleman, and in his turn he
surveyed me with deliberate surprise. “Who but a Rosicrucian could
explain the Rosicrucian mysteries! And can you imagine that any members
of that sect, the most jealous of all secret societies, would themselves
lift the veil that hides the Isis of their wisdom from the world?”

“Aha!” thought I, “this, then, is ‘the august fraternity’ of which
you spoke. Heaven be praised! I certainly have stumbled on one of the

“But,” I said aloud, “if not in books, sir, where else am I to obtain
information? Nowadays one can hazard nothing in print without authority,
and one may scarcely quote Shakespeare without citing chapter and verse.
This is the age of facts,--the age of facts, sir.”

“Well,” said the old gentleman, with a pleasant smile, “if we meet
again, perhaps, at least, I may direct your researches to the proper
source of intelligence.” And with that he buttoned his greatcoat,
whistled to his dog, and departed.

It so happened that I did meet again with the old gentleman, exactly
four days after our brief conversation in Mr. D--‘s bookshop. I was
riding leisurely towards Highgate, when, at the foot of its classic
hill, I recognised the stranger; he was mounted on a black pony, and
before him trotted his dog, which was black also.

If you meet the man whom you wish to know, on horseback, at the
commencement of a long hill, where, unless he has borrowed a friend’s
favourite hack, he cannot, in decent humanity to the brute creation,
ride away from you, I apprehend that it is your own fault if you have
not gone far in your object before you have gained the top. In short, so
well did I succeed, that on reaching Highgate the old gentleman invited
me to rest at his house, which was a little apart from the village; and
an excellent house it was,--small, but commodious, with a large garden,
and commanding from the windows such a prospect as Lucretius would
recommend to philosophers: the spires and domes of London, on a clear
day, distinctly visible; here the Retreat of the Hermit, and there the
Mare Magnum of the world.

The walls of the principal rooms were embellished with pictures of
extraordinary merit, and in that high school of art which is so little
understood out of Italy. I was surprised to learn that they were all
from the hand of the owner. My evident admiration pleased my new friend,
and led to talk upon his part, which showed him no less elevated in his
theories of art than an adept in the practice. Without fatiguing
the reader with irrelevant criticism, it is necessary, perhaps, as
elucidating much of the design and character of the work which these
prefatory pages introduce, that I should briefly observe, that he
insisted as much upon the connection of the arts, as a distinguished
author has upon that of the sciences; that he held that in all works of
imagination, whether expressed by words or by colours, the artist of the
higher schools must make the broadest distinction between the real and
the true,--in other words, between the imitation of actual life, and the
exaltation of Nature into the Ideal.

“The one,” said he, “is the Dutch School, the other is the Greek.”

“Sir,” said I, “the Dutch is the most in fashion.”

“Yes, in painting, perhaps,” answered my host, “but in literature--”

“It was of literature I spoke. Our growing poets are all for simplicity
and Betty Foy; and our critics hold it the highest praise of a work of
imagination, to say that its characters are exact to common life, even
in sculpture--”

“In sculpture! No, no! THERE the high ideal must at least be essential!”

“Pardon me; I fear you have not seen Souter Johnny and Tam O’Shanter.”

“Ah!” said the old gentleman, shaking his head, “I live very much out of
the world, I see. I suppose Shakespeare has ceased to be admired?”

“On the contrary; people make the adoration of Shakespeare the excuse
for attacking everybody else. But then our critics have discovered that
Shakespeare is so REAL!”

“Real! The poet who has never once drawn a character to be met with in
actual life,--who has never once descended to a passion that is false,
or a personage who is real!”

I was about to reply very severely to this paradox, when I perceived
that my companion was growing a little out of temper. And he who wishes
to catch a Rosicrucian, must take care not to disturb the waters. I
thought it better, therefore, to turn the conversation.

“Revenons a nos moutons,” said I; “you promised to enlighten my
ignorance as to the Rosicrucians.”

“Well!” quoth he, rather sternly; “but for what purpose? Perhaps you
desire only to enter the temple in order to ridicule the rites?”

“What do you take me for! Surely, were I so inclined, the fate of the
Abbe de Villars is a sufficient warning to all men not to treat idly
of the realms of the Salamander and the Sylph. Everybody knows how
mysteriously that ingenious personage was deprived of his life, in
revenge for the witty mockeries of his ‘Comte de Gabalis.’”

“Salamander and Sylph! I see that you fall into the vulgar error, and
translate literally the allegorical language of the mystics.”

With that the old gentleman condescended to enter into a very
interesting, and, as it seemed to me, a very erudite relation, of the
tenets of the Rosicrucians, some of whom, he asserted, still existed,
and still prosecuted, in august secrecy, their profound researches into
natural science and occult philosophy.

“But this fraternity,” said he, “however respectable and
virtuous,--virtuous I say, for no monastic order is more severe in the
practice of moral precepts, or more ardent in Christian faith,--this
fraternity is but a branch of others yet more transcendent in the powers
they have obtained, and yet more illustrious in their origin. Are you
acquainted with the Platonists?”

“I have occasionally lost my way in their labyrinth,” said I. “Faith,
they are rather difficult gentlemen to understand.”

“Yet their knottiest problems have never yet been published. Their
sublimest works are in manuscript, and constitute the initiatory
learning, not only of the Rosicrucians, but of the nobler brotherhoods
I have referred to. More solemn and sublime still is the knowledge to
be gleaned from the elder Pythagoreans, and the immortal masterpieces of

“Apollonius, the imposter of Tyanea! are his writings extant?”

“Imposter!” cried my host; “Apollonius an imposter!”

“I beg your pardon; I did not know he was a friend of yours; and if
you vouch for his character, I will believe him to have been a very
respectable man, who only spoke the truth when he boasted of his power
to be in two places at the same time.”

“Is that so difficult?” said the old gentleman; “if so, you have never

Here ended our conversation; but from that time an acquaintance was
formed between us which lasted till my venerable friend departed
this life. Peace to his ashes! He was a person of singular habits and
eccentric opinions; but the chief part of his time was occupied in acts
of quiet and unostentatious goodness. He was an enthusiast in the duties
of the Samaritan; and as his virtues were softened by the gentlest
charity, so his hopes were based upon the devoutest belief. He never
conversed upon his own origin and history, nor have I ever been able to
penetrate the darkness in which they were concealed. He seemed to have
seen much of the world, and to have been an eye-witness of the first
French Revolution, a subject upon which he was equally eloquent and
instructive. At the same time he did not regard the crimes of that
stormy period with the philosophical leniency with which enlightened
writers (their heads safe upon their shoulders) are, in the present day,
inclined to treat the massacres of the past: he spoke not as a student
who had read and reasoned, but as a man who had seen and suffered. The
old gentleman seemed alone in the world; nor did I know that he had one
relation, till his executor, a distant cousin, residing abroad, informed
me of the very handsome legacy which my poor friend had bequeathed
me. This consisted, first, of a sum about which I think it best to be
guarded, foreseeing the possibility of a new tax upon real and funded
property; and, secondly, of certain precious manuscripts, to which the
following volumes owe their existence.

I imagine I trace this latter bequest to a visit I paid the Sage, if so
I may be permitted to call him, a few weeks before his death.

Although he read little of our modern literature, my friend, with the
affable good-nature which belonged to him, graciously permitted me
to consult him upon various literary undertakings meditated by the
desultory ambition of a young and inexperienced student. And at that
time I sought his advice upon a work of imagination, intended to depict
the effects of enthusiasm upon different modifications of character.
He listened to my conception, which was sufficiently trite and
prosaic, with his usual patience; and then, thoughtfully turning to his
bookshelves, took down an old volume, and read to me, first, in Greek,
and secondly, in English, some extracts to the following effect:--

“Plato here expresses four kinds of mania, by which I desire to
understand enthusiasm and the inspiration of the gods: Firstly, the
musical; secondly, the telestic or mystic; thirdly, the prophetic; and
fourthly, that which belongs to love.”

The author he quoted, after contending that there is something in the
soul above intellect, and stating that there are in our nature distinct
energies,--by the one of which we discover and seize, as it were,
on sciences and theorems with almost intuitive rapidity, by
another, through which high art is accomplished, like the statues of
Phidias,--proceeded to state that “enthusiasm, in the true acceptation
of the word, is, when that part of the soul which is above intellect is
excited to the gods, and thence derives its inspiration.”

The author, then pursuing his comment upon Plato, observes, that “one of
these manias may suffice (especially that which belongs to love) to lead
back the soul to its first divinity and happiness; but that there is
an intimate union with them all; and that the ordinary progress through
which the soul ascends is, primarily, through the musical; next, through
the telestic or mystic; thirdly, through the prophetic; and lastly,
through the enthusiasm of love.”

While with a bewildered understanding and a reluctant attention I
listened to these intricate sublimities, my adviser closed the volume,
and said with complacency, “There is the motto for your book,--the
thesis for your theme.”

“Davus sum, non Oedipus,” said I, shaking my head, discontentedly.
“All this may be exceedingly fine, but, Heaven forgive me,--I don’t
understand a word of it. The mysteries of your Rosicrucians, and your
fraternities, are mere child’s play to the jargon of the Platonists.”

“Yet, not till you rightly understand this passage, can you understand
the higher theories of the Rosicrucians, or of the still nobler
fraternities you speak of with so much levity.”

“Oh, if that be the case, I give up in despair. Why not, since you are
so well versed in the matter, take the motto for a book of your own?”

“But if I have already composed a book with that thesis for its theme,
will you prepare it for the public?”

“With the greatest pleasure,” said I,--alas, too rashly!

“I shall hold you to your promise,” returned the old gentleman, “and
when I am no more, you will receive the manuscripts. From what you say
of the prevailing taste in literature, I cannot flatter you with
the hope that you will gain much by the undertaking. And I tell you
beforehand that you will find it not a little laborious.”

“Is your work a romance?”

“It is a romance, and it is not a romance. It is a truth for those who
can comprehend it, and an extravagance for those who cannot.”

At last there arrived the manuscripts, with a brief note from my
deceased friend, reminding me of my imprudent promise.

With mournful interest, and yet with eager impatience, I opened the
packet and trimmed my lamp. Conceive my dismay when I found the whole
written in an unintelligible cipher. I present the reader with a

(Several strange characters.)

and so on for nine hundred and forty mortal pages in foolscap. I could
scarcely believe my eyes: in fact, I began to think the lamp burned
singularly blue; and sundry misgivings as to the unhallowed nature
of the characters I had so unwittingly opened upon, coupled with the
strange hints and mystical language of the old gentleman, crept through
my disordered imagination. Certainly, to say no worse of it, the whole
thing looked UNCANNY! I was about, precipitately, to hurry the papers
into my desk, with a pious determination to have nothing more to do with
them, when my eye fell upon a book, neatly bound in blue morocco, and
which, in my eagerness, I had hitherto overlooked. I opened this volume
with great precaution, not knowing what might jump out, and--guess
my delight--found that it contained a key or dictionary to the
hieroglyphics. Not to weary the reader with an account of my labours,
I am contented with saying that at last I imagined myself capable of
construing the characters, and set to work in good earnest. Still it was
no easy task, and two years elapsed before I had made much progress. I
then, by way of experiment on the public, obtained the insertion of a
few desultory chapters, in a periodical with which, for a few months, I
had the honour to be connected. They appeared to excite more curiosity
than I had presumed to anticipate; and I renewed, with better heart, my
laborious undertaking. But now a new misfortune befell me: I found, as
I proceeded, that the author had made two copies of his work, one much
more elaborate and detailed than the other; I had stumbled upon the
earlier copy, and had my whole task to remodel, and the chapters I had
written to retranslate. I may say then, that, exclusive of intervals
devoted to more pressing occupations, my unlucky promise cost me the
toil of several years before I could bring it to adequate fulfilment.
The task was the more difficult, since the style in the original is
written in a kind of rhythmical prose, as if the author desired that in
some degree his work should be regarded as one of poetical conception
and design. To this it was not possible to do justice, and in the
attempt I have doubtless very often need of the reader’s indulgent
consideration. My natural respect for the old gentleman’s vagaries,
with a muse of equivocal character, must be my only excuse whenever
the language, without luxuriating into verse, borrows flowers scarcely
natural to prose. Truth compels me also to confess, that, with all
my pains, I am by no means sure that I have invariably given the true
meaning of the cipher; nay, that here and there either a gap in the
narrative, or the sudden assumption of a new cipher, to which no key was
afforded, has obliged me to resort to interpolations of my own, no doubt
easily discernible, but which, I flatter myself, are not inharmonious to
the general design. This confession leads me to the sentence with
which I shall conclude: If, reader, in this book there be anything that
pleases you, it is certainly mine; but whenever you come to something
you dislike,--lay the blame upon the old gentleman!

London, January, 1842.

N.B.--The notes appended to the text are sometimes by the author,
sometimes by the editor. I have occasionally (but not always) marked
the distinction; where, however, this is omitted, the ingenuity of the
reader will be rarely at fault.



     Due Fontane
     Chi di diverso effeto hanno liquore!

     “Ariosto, Orland. Fur.” Canto 1.7.

     (Two Founts
     That hold a draught of different effects.)


     Vergina era
     D’ alta belta, ma sua belta non cura:
     Di natura, d’ amor, de’ cieli amici
     Le negligenze sue sono artifici.

     “Gerusal. Lib.,” canto ii. xiv.-xviii.

     (She was a virgin of a glorious beauty, but regarded not her
     beauty...Negligence itself is art in those favoured by Nature, by
     love, and by the heavens.)

At Naples, in the latter half of the last century, a worthy artist named
Gaetano Pisani lived and flourished. He was a musician of great genius,
but not of popular reputation; there was in all his compositions
something capricious and fantastic which did not please the taste of the
Dilettanti of Naples. He was fond of unfamiliar subjects into which he
introduced airs and symphonies that excited a kind of terror in those
who listened. The names of his pieces will probably suggest their
nature. I find, for instance, among his MSS., these titles: “The Feast
of the Harpies,” “The Witches at Benevento,” “The Descent of Orpheus
into Hades,” “The Evil Eye,” “The Eumenides,” and many others
that evince a powerful imagination delighting in the fearful and
supernatural, but often relieved by an airy and delicate fancy with
passages of exquisite grace and beauty. It is true that in the selection
of his subjects from ancient fable, Gaetano Pisani was much more
faithful than his contemporaries to the remote origin and the early
genius of Italian Opera.

That descendant, however effeminate, of the ancient union between Song
and Drama, when, after long obscurity and dethronement, it regained a
punier sceptre, though a gaudier purple, by the banks of the Etrurian
Arno, or amidst the lagunes of Venice, had chosen all its primary
inspirations from the unfamiliar and classic sources of heathen legend;
and Pisani’s “Descent of Orpheus” was but a bolder, darker, and more
scientific repetition of the “Euridice” which Jacopi Peri set to music
at the august nuptials of Henry of Navarre and Mary of Medicis.* Still,
as I have said, the style of the Neapolitan musician was not on the
whole pleasing to ears grown nice and euphuistic in the more dulcet
melodies of the day; and faults and extravagances easily discernible,
and often to appearance wilful, served the critics for an excuse for
their distaste. Fortunately, or the poor musician might have starved,
he was not only a composer, but also an excellent practical performer,
especially on the violin, and by that instrument he earned a decent
subsistence as one of the orchestra at the Great Theatre of San Carlo.
Here formal and appointed tasks necessarily kept his eccentric fancies
in tolerable check, though it is recorded that no less than five times
he had been deposed from his desk for having shocked the conoscenti,
and thrown the whole band into confusion, by impromptu variations of so
frantic and startling a nature that one might well have imagined that
the harpies or witches who inspired his compositions had clawed hold of
his instrument.

The impossibility, however, to find any one of equal excellence as a
performer (that is to say, in his more lucid and orderly moments) had
forced his reinstalment, and he had now, for the most part, reconciled
himself to the narrow sphere of his appointed adagios or allegros. The
audience, too, aware of his propensity, were quick to perceive the least
deviation from the text; and if he wandered for a moment, which
might also be detected by the eye as well as the ear, in some strange
contortion of visage, and some ominous flourish of his bow, a gentle and
admonitory murmur recalled the musician from his Elysium or his Tartarus
to the sober regions of his desk. Then he would start as if from a
dream, cast a hurried, frightened, apologetic glance around, and, with
a crestfallen, humbled air, draw his rebellious instrument back to the
beaten track of the glib monotony. But at home he would make himself
amends for this reluctant drudgery. And there, grasping the unhappy
violin with ferocious fingers, he would pour forth, often till the
morning rose, strange, wild measures that would startle the early
fisherman on the shore below with a superstitious awe, and make him
cross himself as if mermaid or sprite had wailed no earthly music in his

     (*Orpheus was the favourite hero of early Italian Opera, or
     Lyrical Drama. The Orfeo of Angelo Politiano was produced in
     1475. The Orfeo of Monteverde was performed at Venice in

This man’s appearance was in keeping with the characteristics of his
art. The features were noble and striking, but worn and haggard,
with black, careless locks tangled into a maze of curls, and a fixed,
speculative, dreamy stare in his large and hollow eyes. All his
movements were peculiar, sudden, and abrupt, as the impulse seized him;
and in gliding through the streets, or along the beach, he was heard
laughing and talking to himself. Withal, he was a harmless, guileless,
gentle creature, and would share his mite with any idle lazzaroni, whom
he often paused to contemplate as they lay lazily basking in the sun.
Yet was he thoroughly unsocial. He formed no friends, flattered no
patrons, resorted to none of the merry-makings so dear to the children
of music and the South. He and his art seemed alone suited to each
other,--both quaint, primitive, unworldly, irregular. You could not
separate the man from his music; it was himself. Without it he was
nothing, a mere machine! WITH it, he was king over worlds of his own.
Poor man, he had little enough in this! At a manufacturing town in
England there is a gravestone on which the epitaph records “one Claudius
Phillips, whose absolute contempt for riches, and inimitable performance
on the violin, made him the admiration of all that knew him!” Logical
conjunction of opposite eulogies! In proportion, O Genius, to thy
contempt for riches will be thy performance on thy violin!

Gaetano Pisani’s talents as a composer had been chiefly exhibited
in music appropriate to this his favourite instrument, of all
unquestionably the most various and royal in its resources and power
over the passions. As Shakespeare among poets is the Cremona among
instruments. Nevertheless, he had composed other pieces of larger
ambition and wider accomplishment, and chief of these, his precious, his
unpurchased, his unpublished, his unpublishable and imperishable opera
of the “Siren.” This great work had been the dream of his boyhood, the
mistress of his manhood; in advancing age “it stood beside him like
his youth.” Vainly had he struggled to place it before the world. Even
bland, unjealous Paisiello, Maestro di Capella, shook his gentle head
when the musician favoured him with a specimen of one of his most
thrilling scenas. And yet, Paisiello, though that music differs from all
Durante taught thee to emulate, there may--but patience, Gaetano Pisani!
bide thy time, and keep thy violin in tune!

Strange as it may appear to the fairer reader, this grotesque personage
had yet formed those ties which ordinary mortals are apt to consider
their especial monopoly,--he was married, and had one child. What is
more strange yet, his wife was a daughter of quiet, sober, unfantastic
England: she was much younger than himself; she was fair and gentle,
with a sweet English face; she had married him from choice, and (will
you believe it?) she yet loved him. How she came to marry him, or how
this shy, unsocial, wayward creature ever ventured to propose, I can
only explain by asking you to look round and explain first to ME how
half the husbands and half the wives you meet ever found a mate! Yet, on
reflection, this union was not so extraordinary after all. The girl was
a natural child of parents too noble ever to own and claim her. She was
brought into Italy to learn the art by which she was to live, for she
had taste and voice; she was a dependant and harshly treated, and poor
Pisani was her master, and his voice the only one she had heard from
her cradle that seemed without one tone that could scorn or chide. And
so--well, is the rest natural? Natural or not, they married. This young
wife loved her husband; and young and gentle as she was, she might
almost be said to be the protector of the two. From how many disgraces
with the despots of San Carlo and the Conservatorio had her unknown
officious mediation saved him! In how many ailments--for his frame was
weak--had she nursed and tended him! Often, in the dark nights, she
would wait at the theatre with her lantern to light him and her steady
arm to lean on; otherwise, in his abstract reveries, who knows but the
musician would have walked after his “Siren” into the sea! And then she
would so patiently, perhaps (for in true love there is not always the
finest taste) so DELIGHTEDLY, listen to those storms of eccentric and
fitful melody, and steal him--whispering praises all the way--from the
unwholesome night-watch to rest and sleep!

I said his music was a part of the man, and this gentle creature seemed
a part of the music; it was, in fact, when she sat beside him that
whatever was tender or fairy-like in his motley fantasia crept into the
harmony as by stealth. Doubtless her presence acted on the music, and
shaped and softened it; but, he, who never examined how or what his
inspiration, knew it not. All that he knew was, that he loved and
blessed her. He fancied he told her so twenty times a day; but he never
did, for he was not of many words, even to his wife. His language
was his music,--as hers, her cares! He was more communicative to his
barbiton, as the learned Mersennus teaches us to call all the varieties
of the great viol family. Certainly barbiton sounds better than
fiddle; and barbiton let it be. He would talk to THAT by the hour
together,--praise it, scold it, coax it, nay (for such is man, even the
most guileless), he had been known to swear at it; but for that excess
he was always penitentially remorseful. And the barbiton had a tongue of
his own, could take his own part, and when HE also scolded, had much
the best of it. He was a noble fellow, this Violin!--a Tyrolese, the
handiwork of the illustrious Steiner. There was something mysterious in
his great age. How many hands, now dust, had awakened his strings ere
he became the Robin Goodfellow and Familiar of Gaetano Pisani! His very
case was venerable,--beautifully painted, it was said, by Caracci. An
English collector had offered more for the case than Pisani had ever
made by the violin. But Pisani, who cared not if he had inhabited a
cabin himself, was proud of a palace for the barbiton. His barbiton, it
was his elder child! He had another child, and now we must turn to her.

How shall I describe thee, Viola? Certainly the music had something to
answer for in the advent of that young stranger. For both in her form
and her character you might have traced a family likeness to that
singular and spirit-like life of sound which night after night threw
itself in airy and goblin sport over the starry seas...Beautiful
she was, but of a very uncommon beauty,--a combination, a harmony of
opposite attributes. Her hair of a gold richer and purer than that
which is seen even in the North; but the eyes, of all the dark, tender,
subduing light of more than Italian--almost of Oriental--splendour. The
complexion exquisitely fair, but never the same,--vivid in one moment,
pale the next. And with the complexion, the expression also varied;
nothing now so sad, and nothing now so joyous.

I grieve to say that what we rightly entitle education was much
neglected for their daughter by this singular pair. To be sure, neither
of them had much knowledge to bestow; and knowledge was not then the
fashion, as it is now. But accident or nature favoured young Viola. She
learned, as of course, her mother’s language with her father’s. And she
contrived soon to read and to write; and her mother, who, by the
way, was a Roman Catholic, taught her betimes to pray. But then, to
counteract all these acquisitions, the strange habits of Pisani, and the
incessant watch and care which he required from his wife, often left the
child alone with an old nurse, who, to be sure, loved her dearly, but
who was in no way calculated to instruct her.

Dame Gionetta was every inch Italian and Neapolitan. Her youth had been
all love, and her age was all superstition. She was garrulous, fond,--a
gossip. Now she would prattle to the girl of cavaliers and princes at
her feet, and now she would freeze her blood with tales and legends,
perhaps as old as Greek or Etrurian fable, of demon and vampire,--of the
dances round the great walnut-tree at Benevento, and the haunting spell
of the Evil Eye. All this helped silently to weave charmed webs over
Viola’s imagination that afterthought and later years might labour
vainly to dispel. And all this especially fitted her to hang, with a
fearful joy, upon her father’s music. Those visionary strains, ever
struggling to translate into wild and broken sounds the language of
unearthly beings, breathed around her from her birth. Thus you might
have said that her whole mind was full of music; associations, memories,
sensations of pleasure or pain,--all were mixed up inexplicably with
those sounds that now delighted and now terrified; that greeted her when
her eyes opened to the sun, and woke her trembling on her lonely couch
in the darkness of the night. The legends and tales of Gionetta only
served to make the child better understand the signification of those
mysterious tones; they furnished her with words to the music. It was
natural that the daughter of such a parent should soon evince some taste
in his art. But this developed itself chiefly in the ear and the voice.
She was yet a child when she sang divinely. A great Cardinal--great
alike in the State and the Conservatorio--heard of her gifts, and sent
for her. From that moment her fate was decided: she was to be the future
glory of Naples, the prima donna of San Carlo.

The Cardinal insisted upon the accomplishment of his own predictions,
and provided her with the most renowned masters. To inspire her with
emulation, his Eminence took her one evening to his own box: it would
be something to see the performance, something more to hear the applause
lavished upon the glittering signoras she was hereafter to excel! Oh,
how gloriously that life of the stage, that fairy world of music and
song, dawned upon her! It was the only world that seemed to correspond
with her strange childish thoughts. It appeared to her as if, cast
hitherto on a foreign shore, she was brought at last to see the forms
and hear the language of her native land. Beautiful and true enthusiasm,
rich with the promise of genius! Boy or man, thou wilt never be a poet,
if thou hast not felt the ideal, the romance, the Calypso’s isle that
opened to thee when for the first time the magic curtain was drawn
aside, and let in the world of poetry on the world of prose!

And now the initiation was begun. She was to read, to study, to depict
by a gesture, a look, the passions she was to delineate on the boards;
lessons dangerous, in truth, to some, but not to the pure enthusiasm
that comes from art; for the mind that rightly conceives art is but
a mirror which gives back what is cast on its surface faithfully
only--while unsullied. She seized on nature and truth intuitively. Her
recitations became full of unconscious power; her voice moved the heart
to tears, or warmed it into generous rage. But this arose from that
sympathy which genius ever has, even in its earliest innocence, with
whatever feels, or aspires, or suffers.

It was no premature woman comprehending the love or the jealousy that
the words expressed; her art was one of those strange secrets which
the psychologists may unriddle to us if they please, and tell us why
children of the simplest minds and the purest hearts are often so acute
to distinguish, in the tales you tell them, or the songs you sing, the
difference between the true art and the false, passion and jargon, Homer
and Racine,--echoing back, from hearts that have not yet felt what they
repeat, the melodious accents of the natural pathos. Apart from
her studies, Viola was a simple, affectionate, but somewhat wayward
child,--wayward, not in temper, for that was sweet and docile; but in
her moods, which, as I before hinted, changed from sad to gay and gay to
sad without an apparent cause. If cause there were, it must be traced to
the early and mysterious influences I have referred to, when seeking to
explain the effect produced on her imagination by those restless streams
of sound that constantly played around it; for it is noticeable that to
those who are much alive to the effects of music, airs and tunes often
come back, in the commonest pursuits of life, to vex, as it were, and
haunt them. The music, once admitted to the soul, becomes also a sort
of spirit, and never dies. It wanders perturbedly through the halls and
galleries of the memory, and is often heard again, distinct and living
as when it first displaced the wavelets of the air. Now at times, then,
these phantoms of sound floated back upon her fancy; if gay, to call
a smile from every dimple; if mournful, to throw a shade upon her
brow,--to make her cease from her childishmirth, and sit apart and muse.

Rightly, then, in a typical sense, might this fair creature, so airy in
her shape, so harmonious in her beauty, so unfamiliar in her ways and
thoughts,--rightly might she be called a daughter, less of the musician
than the music, a being for whom you could imagine that some fate was
reserved, less of actual life than the romance which, to eyes that can
see, and hearts that can feel, glides ever along WITH the actual life,
stream by stream, to the Dark Ocean.

And therefore it seemed not strange that Viola herself, even in
childhood, and yet more as she bloomed into the sweet seriousness of
virgin youth, should fancy her life ordained for a lot, whether of bliss
or woe, that should accord with the romance and reverie which made the
atmosphere she breathed. Frequently she would climb through the thickets
that clothed the neighbouring grotto of Posilipo,--the mighty work of
the old Cimmerians,--and, seated by the haunted Tomb of Virgil, indulge
those visions, the subtle vagueness of which no poetry can render
palpable and defined; for the Poet that surpasses all who ever sang, is
the heart of dreaming youth! Frequently there, too, beside the threshold
over which the vine-leaves clung, and facing that dark-blue, waveless
sea, she would sit in the autumn noon or summer twilight, and build her
castles in the air. Who doth not do the same,--not in youth alone, but
with the dimmed hopes of age! It is man’s prerogative to dream, the
common royalty of peasant and of king. But those day-dreams of hers were
more habitual, distinct, and solemn than the greater part of us indulge.
They seemed like the Orama of the Greeks,--prophets while phantasma.


     Fu stupor, fu vaghezza, fu diletto!
     “Gerusal. Lib.,” cant. ii. xxi.

     (“Desire it was, ‘t was wonder, ‘t was delight.”
      Wiffen’s Translation.)

Now at last the education is accomplished! Viola is nearly sixteen.
The Cardinal declares that the time is come when the new name must be
inscribed in the Libro d’Oro,--the Golden Book set apart to the children
of Art and Song. Yes, but in what character?--to whose genius is she
to give embodiment and form? Ah, there is the secret! Rumours go abroad
that the inexhaustible Paisiello, charmed with her performance of his
“Nel cor piu non me sento,” and his “Io son Lindoro,” will produce some
new masterpiece to introduce the debutante. Others insist upon it that
her forte is the comic, and that Cimarosa is hard at work at another
“Matrimonia Segreto.” But in the meanwhile there is a check in the
diplomacy somewhere. The Cardinal is observed to be out of humour. He
has said publicly,--and the words are portentous,--“The silly girl is
as mad as her father; what she asks is preposterous!” Conference follows
conference; the Cardinal talks to the poor child very solemnly in
his closet,--all in vain. Naples is distracted with curiosity and
conjecture. The lecture ends in a quarrel, and Viola comes home sullen
and pouting: she will not act,--she has renounced the engagement.

Pisani, too inexperienced to be aware of all the dangers of the stage,
had been pleased at the notion that one, at least, of his name would add
celebrity to his art. The girl’s perverseness displeased him. However,
he said nothing,--he never scolded in words, but he took up the faithful
barbiton. Oh, faithful barbiton, how horribly thou didst scold! It
screeched, it gabbled, it moaned, it growled. And Viola’s eyes filled
with tears, for she understood that language. She stole to her mother,
and whispered in her ear; and when Pisani turned from his employment,
lo! both mother and daughter were weeping. He looked at them with a
wondering stare; and then, as if he felt he had been harsh, he flew
again to his Familiar. And now you thought you heard the lullaby which a
fairy might sing to some fretful changeling it had adopted and sought to
soothe. Liquid, low, silvery, streamed the tones beneath the enchanted
bow. The most stubborn grief would have paused to hear; and withal,
at times, out came a wild, merry, ringing note, like a laugh, but not
mortal laughter. It was one of his most successful airs from his beloved
opera,--the Siren in the act of charming the waves and the winds to
sleep. Heaven knows what next would have come, but his arm was arrested.
Viola had thrown herself on his breast, and kissed him, with happy
eyes that smiled through her sunny hair. At that very moment the door
opened,--a message from the Cardinal. Viola must go to his Eminence at
once. Her mother went with her. All was reconciled and settled; Viola
had her way, and selected her own opera. O ye dull nations of the North,
with your broils and debates,--your bustling lives of the Pnyx and
the Agora!--you cannot guess what a stir throughout musical Naples was
occasioned by the rumour of a new opera and a new singer. But whose
the opera? No cabinet intrigue ever was so secret. Pisani came back one
night from the theatre, evidently disturbed and irate. Woe to thine ears
hadst thou heard the barbiton that night! They had suspended him from
his office,--they feared that the new opera, and the first debut of
his daughter as prima donna, would be too much for his nerves. And his
variations, his diablerie of sirens and harpies, on such a night, made
a hazard not to be contemplated without awe. To be set aside, and on the
very night that his child, whose melody was but an emanation of his own,
was to perform,--set aside for some new rival: it was too much for a
musician’s flesh and blood. For the first time he spoke in words upon
the subject, and gravely asked--for that question the barbiton, eloquent
as it was, could not express distinctly--what was to be the opera, and
what the part? And Viola as gravely answered that she was pledged to the
Cardinal not to reveal. Pisani said nothing, but disappeared with
the violin; and presently they heard the Familiar from the house-top
(whither, when thoroughly out of humour, the musician sometimes fled),
whining and sighing as if its heart were broken.

The affections of Pisani were little visible on the surface. He was not
one of those fond, caressing fathers whose children are ever playing
round their knees; his mind and soul were so thoroughly in his art that
domestic life glided by him, seemingly as if THAT were a dream, and
the heart the substantial form and body of existence. Persons
much cultivating an abstract study are often thus; mathematicians
proverbially so. When his servant ran to the celebrated French
philosopher, shrieking, “The house is on fire, sir!” “Go and tell my
wife then, fool!” said the wise man, settling back to his problems;
“do _I_ ever meddle with domestic affairs?” But what are mathematics to
music--music, that not only composes operas, but plays on the barbiton?
Do you know what the illustrious Giardini said when the tyro asked how
long it would take to learn to play on the violin? Hear, and despair, ye
who would bend the bow to which that of Ulysses was a plaything, “Twelve
hours a day for twenty years together!” Can a man, then, who plays the
barbiton be always playing also with his little ones? No, Pisani; often,
with the keen susceptibility of childhood, poor Viola had stolen from
the room to weep at the thought that thou didst not love her. And yet,
underneath this outward abstraction of the artist, the natural fondness
flowed all the same; and as she grew up, the dreamer had understood the
dreamer. And now, shut out from all fame himself; to be forbidden to
hail even his daughter’s fame!--and that daughter herself to be in
the conspiracy against him! Sharper than the serpent’s tooth was the
ingratitude, and sharper than the serpent’s tooth was the wail of the
pitying barbiton!

The eventful hour is come. Viola is gone to the theatre,--her mother
with her. The indignant musician remains at home. Gionetta bursts into
the room: my Lord Cardinal’s carriage is at the door,--the Padrone is
sent for. He must lay aside his violin; he must put on his brocade coat
and his lace ruffles. Here they are,--quick, quick! And quick rolls the
gilded coach, and majestic sits the driver, and statelily prance the
steeds. Poor Pisani is lost in a mist of uncomfortable amaze. He arrives
at the theatre; he descends at the great door; he turns round and
round, and looks about him and about: he misses something,--where is the
violin? Alas! his soul, his voice, his self of self, is left behind! It
is but an automaton that the lackeys conduct up the stairs, through the
tier, into the Cardinal’s box. But then, what bursts upon him! Does he
dream? The first act is over (they did not send for him till success
seemed no longer doubtful); the first act has decided all. He feels THAT
by the electric sympathy which ever the one heart has at once with
a vast audience. He feels it by the breathless stillness of that
multitude; he feels it even by the lifted finger of the Cardinal. He
sees his Viola on the stage, radiant in her robes and gems,--he hears
her voice thrilling through the single heart of the thousands! But the
scene, the part, the music! It is his other child,--his immortal child;
the spirit-infant of his soul; his darling of many years of patient
obscurity and pining genius; his masterpiece; his opera of the Siren!

This, then, was the mystery that had so galled him,--this the cause of
the quarrel with the Cardinal; this the secret not to be proclaimed till
the success was won, and the daughter had united her father’s triumph
with her own! And there she stands, as all souls bow before her,--fairer
than the very Siren he had called from the deeps of melody. Oh, long and
sweet recompense of toil! Where is on earth the rapture like that which
is known to genius when at last it bursts from its hidden cavern into
light and fame!

He did not speak, he did not move; he stood transfixed, breathless, the
tears rolling down his cheeks; only from time to time his hands still
wandered about,--mechanically they sought for the faithful instrument,
why was it not there to share his triumph?

At last the curtain fell; but on such a storm and diapason of applause!
Up rose the audience as one man, as with one voice that dear name was
shouted. She came on, trembling, pale, and in the whole crowd saw but
her father’s face. The audience followed those moistened eyes; they
recognised with a thrill the daughter’s impulse and her meaning. The
good old Cardinal drew him gently forward. Wild musician, thy daughter
has given thee back more than the life thou gavest!

“My poor violin!” said he, wiping his eyes, “they will never hiss thee
again now!”


     Fra si contrarie tempre in ghiaccio e in foco,
     In riso e in pianto, e fra paura e speme
     L’ingannatrice Donna--
     “Gerusal. Lib.,” cant. iv. xciv.

     (Between such contrarious mixtures of ice and fire, laughter and
     tears,--fear and hope, the deceiving dame.)

Now notwithstanding the triumph both of the singer and the opera, there
had been one moment in the first act, and, consequently, BEFORE the
arrival of Pisani, when the scale seemed more than doubtful. It was in a
chorus replete with all the peculiarities of the composer. And when the
Maelstrom of Capricci whirled and foamed, and tore ear and sense through
every variety of sound, the audience simultaneously recognised the
hand of Pisani. A title had been given to the opera which had hitherto
prevented all suspicion of its parentage; and the overture and opening,
in which the music had been regular and sweet, had led the audience
to fancy they detected the genius of their favourite Paisiello. Long
accustomed to ridicule and almost to despise the pretensions of Pisani
as a composer, they now felt as if they had been unduly cheated into
the applause with which they had hailed the overture and the commencing
scenas. An ominous buzz circulated round the house: the singers,
the orchestra,--electrically sensitive to the impression of the
audience,--grew, themselves, agitated and dismayed, and failed in the
energy and precision which could alone carry off the grotesqueness of
the music.

There are always in every theatre many rivals to a new author and a new
performer,--a party impotent while all goes well, but a dangerous ambush
the instant some accident throws into confusion the march of success. A
hiss arose; it was partial, it is true, but the significant silence of
all applause seemed to forebode the coming moment when the displeasure
would grow contagious. It was the breath that stirred the impending
avalanche. At that critical moment Viola, the Siren queen, emerged for
the first time from her ocean cave. As she came forward to the
lamps, the novelty of her situation, the chilling apathy of the
audience,--which even the sight of so singular a beauty did not at the
first arouse,--the whispers of the malignant singers on the stage, the
glare of the lights, and more--far more than the rest--that recent hiss,
which had reached her in her concealment, all froze up her faculties and
suspended her voice. And, instead of the grand invocation into which
she ought rapidly to have burst, the regal Siren, retransformed into
the trembling girl, stood pale and mute before the stern, cold array of
those countless eyes.

At that instant, and when consciousness itself seemed about to fail her,
as she turned a timid beseeching glance around the still multitude, she
perceived, in a box near the stage, a countenance which at once, and
like magic, produced on her mind an effect never to be analysed
nor forgotten. It was one that awakened an indistinct, haunting
reminiscence, as if she had seen it in those day-dreams she had been so
wont from infancy to indulge. She could not withdraw her gaze from that
face, and as she gazed, the awe and coldness that had before seized her,
vanished like a mist from before the sun.

In the dark splendour of the eyes that met her own there was indeed
so much of gentle encouragement, of benign and compassionate
admiration,--so much that warmed, and animated, and nerved,--that any
one, actor or orator, who has ever observed the effect that a single
earnest and kindly look in the crowd that is to be addressed and won,
will produce upon his mind, may readily account for the sudden and
inspiriting influence which the eye and smile of the stranger exercised
on the debutante.

And while yet she gazed, and the glow returned to her heart, the
stranger half rose, as if to recall the audience to a sense of the
courtesy due to one so fair and young; and the instant his voice gave
the signal, the audience followed it by a burst of generous applause.
For this stranger himself was a marked personage, and his recent arrival
at Naples had divided with the new opera the gossip of the city. And
then as the applause ceased, clear, full, and freed from every fetter,
like a spirit from the clay, the Siren’s voice poured forth its
entrancing music. From that time Viola forgot the crowd, the hazard,
the whole world,--except the fairy one over with she presided. It seemed
that the stranger’s presence only served still more to heighten that
delusion, in which the artist sees no creation without the circle of his
art, she felt as if that serene brow, and those brilliant eyes, inspired
her with powers never known before: and, as if searching for a language
to express the strange sensations occasioned by his presence, that
presence itself whispered to her the melody and the song.

Only when all was over, and she saw her father and felt his joy, did
this wild spell vanish before the sweeter one of the household and
filial love. Yet again, as she turned from the stage, she looked back
involuntarily, and the stranger’s calm and half-melancholy smile sank
into her heart,--to live there, to be recalled with confused memories,
half of pleasure, and half of pain.

Pass over the congratulations of the good Cardinal-Virtuoso, astonished
at finding himself and all Naples had been hitherto in the wrong on
a subject of taste,--still more astonished at finding himself and all
Naples combining to confess it; pass over the whispered ecstasies of
admiration which buzzed in the singer’s ear, as once more, in her modest
veil and quiet dress, she escaped from the crowd of gallants that choked
up every avenue behind the scenes; pass over the sweet embrace of father
and child, returning through the starlit streets and along the deserted
Chiaja in the Cardinal’s carriage; never pause now to note the tears and
ejaculations of the good, simple-hearted mother,--see them returned;
see the well-known room, venimus ad larem nostrum (We come to our own
house.); see old Gionetta bustling at the supper; and hear Pisani, as he
rouses the barbiton from its case, communicating all that has happened
to the intelligent Familiar; hark to the mother’s merry, low, English
laugh. Why, Viola, strange child, sittest thou apart, thy face leaning
on thy fair hands, thine eyes fixed on space? Up, rouse thee! Every
dimple on the cheek of home must smile to-night. (“Ridete quidquid est
domi cachinnorum.” Catull. “ad Sirm. Penin.”)

And a happy reunion it was round that humble table: a feast Lucullus
might have envied in his Hall of Apollo, in the dried grapes, and
the dainty sardines, and the luxurious polenta, and the old lacrima a
present from the good Cardinal. The barbiton, placed on a chair--a tall,
high-backed chair--beside the musician, seemed to take a part in the
festive meal. Its honest varnished face glowed in the light of the lamp;
and there was an impish, sly demureness in its very silence, as its
master, between every mouthful, turned to talk to it of something he had
forgotten to relate before. The good wife looked on affectionately, and
could not eat for joy; but suddenly she rose, and placed on the
artist’s temples a laurel wreath, which she had woven beforehand in fond
anticipation; and Viola, on the other side her brother, the barbiton,
rearranged the chaplet, and, smoothing back her father’s hair,
whispered, “Caro Padre, you will not let HIM scold me again!”

Then poor Pisani, rather distracted between the two, and excited both by
the lacrima and his triumph, turned to the younger child with so naive
and grotesque a pride, “I don’t know which to thank the most. You give
me so much joy, child,--I am so proud of thee and myself. But he and I,
poor fellow, have been so often unhappy together!”

Viola’s sleep was broken,--that was natural. The intoxication of vanity
and triumph, the happiness in the happiness she had caused, all this was
better than sleep. But still from all this, again and again her thoughts
flew to those haunting eyes, to that smile with which forever the memory
of the triumph, of the happiness, was to be united. Her feelings, like
her own character, were strange and peculiar. They were not those of a
girl whose heart, for the first time reached through the eye, sighs
its natural and native language of first love. It was not so much
admiration, though the face that reflected itself on every wave of her
restless fancies was of the rarest order of majesty and beauty; nor a
pleased and enamoured recollection that the sight of this stranger had
bequeathed: it was a human sentiment of gratitude and delight, mixed
with something more mysterious, of fear and awe. Certainly she had seen
before those features; but when and how? Only when her thoughts had
sought to shape out her future, and when, in spite of all the attempts
to vision forth a fate of flowers and sunshine, a dark and chill
foreboding made her recoil back into her deepest self. It was a
something found that had long been sought for by a thousand restless
yearnings and vague desires, less of the heart than mind; not as when
youth discovers the one to be beloved, but rather as when the student,
long wandering after the clew to some truth in science, sees it glimmer
dimly before him, to beckon, to recede, to allure, and to wane again.
She fell at last into unquiet slumber, vexed by deformed, fleeting,
shapeless phantoms; and, waking, as the sun, through a veil of hazy
cloud, glinted with a sickly ray across the casement, she heard her
father settled back betimes to his one pursuit, and calling forth from
his Familiar a low mournful strain, like a dirge over the dead.

“And why,” she asked, when she descended to the room below,--“why, my
father, was your inspiration so sad, after the joy of last night?”

“I know not, child. I meant to be merry, and compose an air in honour of
thee; but he is an obstinate fellow, this,--and he would have it so.”


     E cosi i pigri e timidi desiri
     “Gerusal. Lib.,” cant. iv. lxxxviii.

     (And thus the slow and timid passions urged.)

It was the custom of Pisani, except when the duties of his profession
made special demand on his time, to devote a certain portion of the
mid-day to sleep,--a habit not so much a luxury as a necessity to a man
who slept very little during the night. In fact, whether to compose
or to practice, the hours of noon were precisely those in which Pisani
could not have been active if he would. His genius resembled those
fountains full at dawn and evening, overflowing at night, and perfectly
dry at the meridian. During this time, consecrated by her husband to
repose, the signora generally stole out to make the purchases necessary
for the little household, or to enjoy (as what woman does not?) a little
relaxation in gossip with some of her own sex. And the day following
this brilliant triumph, how many congratulations would she have to

At these times it was Viola’s habit to seat herself without the door
of the house, under an awning which sheltered from the sun without
obstructing the view; and there now, with the prompt-book on her knee,
on which her eye roves listlessly from time to time, you may behold
her, the vine-leaves clustering from their arching trellis over the
door behind, and the lazy white-sailed boats skimming along the sea that
stretched before.

As she thus sat, rather in reverie than thought, a man coming from the
direction of Posilipo, with a slow step and downcast eyes, passed close
by the house, and Viola, looking up abruptly, started in a kind of
terror as she recognised the stranger. She uttered an involuntary
exclamation, and the cavalier turning, saw, and paused.

He stood a moment or two between her and the sunlit ocean, contemplating
in a silence too serious and gentle for the boldness of gallantry, the
blushing face and the young slight form before him; at length he spoke.

“Are you happy, my child,” he said, in almost a paternal tone, “at the
career that lies before you? From sixteen to thirty, the music in the
breath of applause is sweeter than all the music your voice can utter!”

“I know not,” replied Viola, falteringly, but encouraged by the liquid
softness of the accents that addressed her,--“I know not whether I am
happy now, but I was last night. And I feel, too, Excellency, that I
have you to thank, though, perhaps, you scarce know why!”

“You deceive yourself,” said the cavalier, with a smile. “I am aware
that I assisted to your merited success, and it is you who scarce know
how. The WHY I will tell you: because I saw in your heart a nobler
ambition than that of the woman’s vanity; it was the daughter that
interested me. Perhaps you would rather I should have admired the

“No; oh, no!”

“Well, I believe you. And now, since we have thus met, I will pause to
counsel you. When next you go to the theatre, you will have at your feet
all the young gallants of Naples. Poor infant! the flame that dazzles
the eye can scorch the wing. Remember that the only homage that does not
sully must be that which these gallants will not give thee. And whatever
thy dreams of the future,--and I see, while I speak to thee, how
wandering they are, and wild,--may only those be fulfilled which centre
round the hearth of home.”

He paused, as Viola’s breast heaved beneath its robe. And with a burst
of natural and innocent emotions, scarcely comprehending, though an
Italian, the grave nature of his advice, she exclaimed,--

“Ah, Excellency, you cannot know how dear to me that home is already.
And my father,--there would be no home, signor, without him!”

A deep and melancholy shade settled over the face of the cavalier. He
looked up at the quiet house buried amidst the vine-leaves, and turned
again to the vivid, animated face of the young actress.

“It is well,” said he. “A simple heart may be its own best guide, and
so, go on, and prosper. Adieu, fair singer.”

“Adieu, Excellency; but,” and something she could not resist--an
anxious, sickening feeling of fear and hope,--impelled her to the
question, “I shall see you again, shall I not, at San Carlo?”

“Not, at least, for some time. I leave Naples to-day.”

“Indeed!” and Viola’s heart sank within her; the poetry of the stage was

“And,” said the cavalier, turning back, and gently laying his hand on
hers,--“and, perhaps, before we meet, you may have suffered: known the
first sharp griefs of human life,--known how little what fame can gain,
repays what the heart can lose; but be brave and yield not,--not even to
what may seem the piety of sorrow. Observe yon tree in your neighbour’s
garden. Look how it grows up, crooked and distorted. Some wind scattered
the germ from which it sprang, in the clefts of the rock; choked up and
walled round by crags and buildings, by Nature and man, its life has
been one struggle for the light,--light which makes to that life the
necessity and the principle: you see how it has writhed and twisted;
how, meeting the barrier in one spot, it has laboured and worked, stem
and branches, towards the clear skies at last. What has preserved it
through each disfavour of birth and circumstances,--why are its leaves
as green and fair as those of the vine behind you, which, with all
its arms, can embrace the open sunshine? My child, because of the very
instinct that impelled the struggle,--because the labour for the light
won to the light at length. So with a gallant heart, through every
adverse accident of sorrow and of fate to turn to the sun, to strive for
the heaven; this it is that gives knowledge to the strong and happiness
to the weak. Ere we meet again, you will turn sad and heavy eyes to
those quiet boughs, and when you hear the birds sing from them, and see
the sunshine come aslant from crag and housetop to be the playfellow
of their leaves, learn the lesson that Nature teaches you, and strive
through darkness to the light!”

As he spoke he moved on slowly, and left Viola wondering, silent,
saddened with his dim prophecy of coming evil, and yet, through sadness,
charmed. Involuntarily her eyes followed him,--involuntarily she
stretched forth her arms, as if by a gesture to call him back; she would
have given worlds to have seen him turn,--to have heard once more his
low, calm, silvery voice; to have felt again the light touch of his hand
on hers. As moonlight that softens into beauty every angle on which it
falls, seemed his presence,--as moonlight vanishes, and things assume
their common aspect of the rugged and the mean, he receded from her
eyes, and the outward scene was commonplace once more.

The stranger passed on, through that long and lovely road which reaches
at last the palaces that face the public gardens, and conducts to the
more populous quarters of the city.

A group of young, dissipated courtiers, loitering by the gateway of a
house which was open for the favourite pastime of the day,--the resort
of the wealthier and more high-born gamesters,--made way for him, as
with a courteous inclination he passed them by.

“Per fede,” said one, “is not that the rich Zanoni, of whom the town

“Ay; they say his wealth is incalculable!”

“THEY say,--who are THEY?--what is the authority? He has not been many
days at Naples, and I cannot yet find any one who knows aught of his
birthplace, his parentage, or, what is more important, his estates!”

“That is true; but he arrived in a goodly vessel, which THEY SAY is his
own. See,--no, you cannot see it here; but it rides yonder in the bay.
The bankers he deals with speak with awe of the sums placed in their

“Whence came he?”

“From some seaport in the East. My valet learned from some of the
sailors on the Mole that he had resided many years in the interior of

“Ah, I am told that in India men pick up gold like pebbles, and that
there are valleys where the birds build their nests with emeralds to
attract the moths. Here comes our prince of gamesters, Cetoxa; be sure
that he already must have made acquaintance with so wealthy a cavalier;
he has that attraction to gold which the magnet has to steel. Well,
Cetoxa, what fresh news of the ducats of Signor Zanoni?”

“Oh,” said Cetoxa, carelessly, “my friend--”

“Ha! ha! hear him; his friend--”

“Yes; my friend Zanoni is going to Rome for a short time; when he
returns, he has promised me to fix a day to sup with me, and I will then
introduce him to you, and to the best society of Naples! Diavolo! but he
is a most agreeable and witty gentleman!”

“Pray tell us how you came so suddenly to be his friend.”

“My dear Belgioso, nothing more natural. He desired a box at San Carlo;
but I need not tell you that the expectation of a new opera (ah, how
superb it is,--that poor devil, Pisani; who would have thought it?) and
a new singer (what a face,--what a voice!--ah!) had engaged every corner
of the house. I heard of Zanoni’s desire to honour the talent of Naples,
and, with my usual courtesy to distinguished strangers, I sent to place
my box at his disposal. He accepts it,--I wait on him between the acts;
he is most charming; he invites me to supper. Cospetto, what a retinue!
We sit late,--I tell him all the news of Naples; we grow bosom friends;
he presses on me this diamond before we part,--is a trifle, he tells me:
the jewellers value it at 5000 pistoles!--the merriest evening I have
passed these ten years.”

The cavaliers crowded round to admire the diamond.

“Signor Count Cetoxa,” said one grave-looking sombre man, who had
crossed himself two or three times during the Neapolitan’s narrative,
“are you not aware of the strange reports about this person; and are you
not afraid to receive from him a gift which may carry with it the most
fatal consequences? Do you not know that he is said to be a sorcerer; to
possess the mal-occhio; to--”

“Prithee, spare us your antiquated superstitions,” interrupted Cetoxa,
contemptuously. “They are out of fashion; nothing now goes down but
scepticism and philosophy. And what, after all, do these rumours, when
sifted, amount to? They have no origin but this,--a silly old man of
eighty-six, quite in his dotage, solemnly avers that he saw this same
Zanoni seventy years ago (he himself, the narrator, then a mere boy) at
Milan; when this very Zanoni, as you all see, is at least as young as
you or I, Belgioso.”

“But that,” said the grave gentleman,--“THAT is the mystery. Old Avelli
declares that Zanoni does not seem a day older than when they met at
Milan. He says that even then at Milan--mark this--where, though
under another name, this Zanoni appeared in the same splendour, he was
attended also by the same mystery. And that an old man THERE remembered
to have seen him sixty years before, in Sweden.”

“Tush,” returned Cetoxa, “the same thing has been said of the quack
Cagliostro,--mere fables. I will believe them when I see this diamond
turn to a wisp of hay. For the rest,” he added gravely, “I consider this
illustrious gentleman my friend; and a whisper against his honour and
repute will in future be equivalent to an affront to myself.”

Cetoxa was a redoubted swordsman, and excelled in a peculiarly awkward
manoeuvre, which he himself had added to the variations of the stoccata.
The grave gentleman, however anxious for the spiritual weal of the
count, had an equal regard for his own corporeal safety. He contented
himself with a look of compassion, and, turning through the gateway,
ascended the stairs to the gaming-tables.

“Ha, ha!” said Cetoxa, laughing, “our good Loredano is envious of my
diamond. Gentlemen, you sup with me to-night. I assure you I never met a
more delightful, sociable, entertaining person, than my dear friend the
Signor Zanoni.”


     Quello Ippogifo, grande e strano augello
     Lo porta via.
     “Orlando Furioso,” c. vi. xviii.

     (That hippogriff, great and marvellous bird, bears him away.)

And now, accompanying this mysterious Zanoni, am I compelled to bid
a short farewell to Naples. Mount behind me,--mount on my hippogriff,
reader; settle yourself at your ease. I bought the pillion the other
day of a poet who loves his comfort; it has been newly stuffed for
your special accommodation. So, so, we ascend! Look as we ride
aloft,--look!--never fear, hippogriffs never stumble; and every
hippogriff in Italy is warranted to carry elderly gentlemen,--look down
on the gliding landscapes! There, near the ruins of the Oscan’s old
Atella, rises Aversa, once the stronghold of the Norman; there gleam the
columns of Capua, above the Vulturnian Stream. Hail to ye, cornfields
and vineyards famous for the old Falernian! Hail to ye, golden
orange-groves of Mola di Gaeta! Hail to ye, sweet shrubs and wild
flowers, omnis copia narium, that clothe the mountain-skirts of the
silent Lautulae! Shall we rest at the Volscian Anxur,--the modern
Terracina,--where the lofty rock stands like the giant that guards the
last borders of the southern land of love? Away, away! and hold your
breath as we flit above the Pontine Marshes. Dreary and desolate, their
miasma is to the gardens we have passed what the rank commonplace of
life is to the heart when it has left love behind.

Mournful Campagna, thou openest on us in majestic sadness. Rome,
seven-hilled Rome! receive us as Memory receives the way-worn; receive
us in silence, amidst ruins! Where is the traveller we pursue? Turn the
hippogriff loose to graze: he loves the acanthus that wreathes round
yon broken columns. Yes, that is the arch of Titus, the conqueror of
Jerusalem,--that the Colosseum! Through one passed the triumph of the
deified invader; in one fell the butchered gladiators. Monuments of
murder, how poor the thoughts, how mean the memories ye awaken, compared
with those that speak to the heart of man on the heights of Phyle, or
by thy lone mound, grey Marathon! We stand amidst weeds and brambles
and long waving herbage. Where we stand reigned Nero,--here were his
tessellated floors; here,

“Mighty in the heaven, a second heaven,”

hung the vault of his ivory roofs; here, arch upon arch, pillar on
pillar, glittered to the world the golden palace of its master,--the
Golden House of Nero. How the lizard watches us with his bright,
timorous eye! We disturb his reign. Gather that wild flower: the Golden
House is vanished, but the wild flower may have kin to those which the
stranger’s hand scattered over the tyrant’s grave; see, over this soil,
the grave of Rome, Nature strews the wild flowers still!

In the midst of this desolation is an old building of the middle ages.
Here dwells a singular recluse. In the season of the malaria the native
peasant flies the rank vegetation round; but he, a stranger and a
foreigner, no associates, no companions, except books and instruments
of science. He is often seen wandering over the grass-grown hills, or
sauntering through the streets of the new city, not with the absent brow
and incurious air of students, but with observant piercing eyes that
seem to dive into the hearts of the passers-by. An old man, but not
infirm,--erect and stately, as if in his prime. None know whether he be
rich or poor. He asks no charity, and he gives none,--he does no evil,
and seems to confer no good. He is a man who appears to have no world
beyond himself; but appearances are deceitful, and Science, as well as
Benevolence, lives in the Universe. This abode, for the first time since
thus occupied, a visitor enters. It is Zanoni.

You observe those two men seated together, conversing earnestly. Years
long and many have flown away since they met last,--at least, bodily,
and face to face. But if they are sages, thought can meet thought, and
spirit spirit, though oceans divide the forms. Death itself divides not
the wise. Thou meetest Plato when thine eyes moisten over the Phaedo.
May Homer live with all men forever!

They converse; they confess to each other; they conjure up the past, and
repeople it; but note how differently do such remembrances affect the
two. On Zanoni’s face, despite its habitual calm, the emotions change
and go. HE has acted in the past he surveys; but not a trace of the
humanity that participates in joy and sorrow can be detected on the
passionless visage of his companion; the past, to him, as is now
the present, has been but as Nature to the sage, the volume to the
student,--a calm and spiritual life, a study, a contemplation.

From the past they turn to the future. Ah! at the close of the last
century, the future seemed a thing tangible,--it was woven up in all
men’s fears and hopes of the present.

At the verge of that hundred years, Man, the ripest born of Time,

(“An des Jahrhunderts Neige, Der reifste Sohn der Zeit.” “Die

stood as at the deathbed of the Old World, and beheld the New Orb,
blood-red amidst cloud and vapour,--uncertain if a comet or a sun.
Behold the icy and profound disdain on the brow of the old man,--the
lofty yet touching sadness that darkens the glorious countenance of
Zanoni. Is it that one views with contempt the struggle and its issue,
and the other with awe or pity? Wisdom contemplating mankind leads but
to the two results,--compassion or disdain. He who believes in other
worlds can accustom himself to look on this as the naturalist on
the revolutions of an ant-hill, or of a leaf. What is the Earth to
Infinity,--what its duration to the Eternal? Oh, how much greater is
the soul of one man than the vicissitudes of the whole globe! Child of
heaven, and heir of immortality, how from some star hereafter wilt
thou look back on the ant-hill and its commotions, from Clovis
to Robespierre, from Noah to the Final Fire. The spirit that can
contemplate, that lives only in the intellect, can ascend to its star,
even from the midst of the burial-ground called Earth, and while the
sarcophagus called Life immures in its clay the everlasting!

But thou, Zanoni,--thou hast refused to live ONLY in the intellect; thou
hast not mortified the heart; thy pulse still beats with the sweet music
of mortal passion; thy kind is to thee still something warmer than an
abstraction,--thou wouldst look upon this Revolution in its cradle,
which the storms rock; thou wouldst see the world while its elements yet
struggle through the chaos!



     Precepteurs ignorans de ce faible univers.--Voltaire.
     (Ignorant teachers of this weak world.)

     Nous etions a table chez un de nos confreres a l’Academie,
     Grand Seigneur et homme d’esprit.--La Harpe.
     (We supped with one of our confreres of the Academy,--a great
     nobleman and wit.)

One evening, at Paris, several months after the date of our last
chapter, there was a reunion of some of the most eminent wits of the
time, at the house of a personage distinguished alike by noble birth and
liberal accomplishments. Nearly all present were of the views that
were then the mode. For, as came afterwards a time when nothing was so
unpopular as the people, so that was the time when nothing was so vulgar
as aristocracy. The airiest fine gentleman and the haughtiest noble
prated of equality, and lisped enlightenment.

Among the more remarkable guests were Condorcet, then in the prime of
his reputation, the correspondent of the king of Prussia, the intimate
of Voltaire, the member of half the academies of Europe,--noble by
birth, polished in manners, republican in opinions. There, too, was the
venerable Malesherbes, “l’amour et les delices de la Nation.” (The idol
and delight of the nation (so-called by his historian, Gaillard).) There
Jean Silvain Bailly, the accomplished scholar,--the aspiring politician.
It was one of those petits soupers for which the capital of all social
pleasures was so renowned. The conversation, as might be expected, was
literary and intellectual, enlivened by graceful pleasantry. Many of the
ladies of that ancient and proud noblesse--for the noblesse yet existed,
though its hours were already numbered--added to the charm of the
society; and theirs were the boldest criticisms, and often the most
liberal sentiments.

Vain labour for me--vain labour almost for the grave English
language--to do justice to the sparkling paradoxes that flew from lip
to lip. The favourite theme was the superiority of the moderns to the
ancients. Condorcet on this head was eloquent, and to some, at least, of
his audience, most convincing. That Voltaire was greater than Homer few
there were disposed to deny. Keen was the ridicule lavished on the dull
pedantry which finds everything ancient necessarily sublime.

“Yet,” said the graceful Marquis de --, as the champagne danced to his
glass, “more ridiculous still is the superstition that finds everything
incomprehensible holy! But intelligence circulates, Condorcet; like
water, it finds its level. My hairdresser said to me this morning,
‘Though I am but a poor fellow, I believe as little as the finest
gentleman!’” “Unquestionably, the great Revolution draws near to its
final completion,--a pas de geant, as Montesquieu said of his own
immortal work.”

Then there rushed from all--wit and noble, courtier and republican--a
confused chorus, harmonious only in its anticipation of the brilliant
things to which “the great Revolution” was to give birth. Here Condrocet
is more eloquent than before.

“Il faut absolument que la Superstition et le Fanatisme fassent place
a la Philosophie. (It must necessarily happen that superstition and
fanaticism give place to philosophy.) Kings persecute persons, priests
opinion. Without kings, men must be safe; and without priests, minds
must be free.”

“Ah,” murmured the marquis, “and as ce cher Diderot has so well sung,--

‘Et des boyaux du dernier pretre Serrez le cou du dernier roi.’”

     (And throttle the neck of the last king with the string from
     the bowels of the last priest.)

“And then,” resumed Condorcet,--“then commences the Age of
Reason!--equality in instruction, equality in institutions, equality
in wealth! The great impediments to knowledge are, first, the want of
a common language; and next, the short duration of existence. But as to
the first, when all men are brothers, why not a universal language?
As to the second, the organic perfectibility of the vegetable world is
undisputed, is Nature less powerful in the nobler existence of thinking
man? The very destruction of the two most active causes of physical
deterioration--here, luxurious wealth; there, abject penury,--must
necessarily prolong the general term of life. (See Condorcet’s
posthumous work on the Progress of the Human Mind.--Ed.) The art of
medicine will then be honoured in the place of war, which is the art of
murder: the noblest study of the acutest minds will be devoted to the
discovery and arrest of the causes of disease. Life, I grant, cannot be
made eternal; but it may be prolonged almost indefinitely. And as
the meaner animal bequeaths its vigour to its offspring, so man shall
transmit his improved organisation, mental and physical, to his sons.
Oh, yes, to such a consummation does our age approach!”

The venerable Malesherbes sighed. Perhaps he feared the consummation
might not come in time for him. The handsome Marquis de -- and the
ladies, yet handsomer than he, looked conviction and delight.

But two men there were, seated next to each other, who joined not in
the general talk: the one a stranger newly arrived in Paris, where
his wealth, his person, and his accomplishments, had already made
him remarked and courted; the other, an old man, somewhere about
seventy,--the witty and virtuous, brave, and still light-hearted
Cazotte, the author of “Le Diable Amoureux.”

These two conversed familiarly, and apart from the rest, and only by an
occasional smile testified their attention to the general conversation.

“Yes,” said the stranger,--“yes, we have met before.”

“I thought I could not forget your countenance; yet I task in vain my
recollections of the past.”

“I will assist you. Recall the time when, led by curiosity, or
perhaps the nobler desire of knowledge, you sought initiation into the
mysterious order of Martines de Pasqualis.”

(It is so recorded of Cazotte. Of Martines de Pasqualis little is known;
even the country to which he belonged is matter of conjecture. Equally
so the rites, ceremonies, and nature of the cabalistic order he
established. St. Martin was a disciple of the school, and that, at
least, is in its favour; for in spite of his mysticism, no man more
beneficent, generous, pure, and virtuous than St. Martin adorned the
last century. Above all, no man more distinguished himself from the herd
of sceptical philosophers by the gallantry and fervour with which he
combated materialism, and vindicated the necessity of faith amidst a
chaos of unbelief. It may also be observed, that Cazotte, whatever
else he learned of the brotherhood of Martines, learned nothing that
diminished the excellence of his life and the sincerity of his religion.
At once gentle and brave, he never ceased to oppose the excesses of
the Revolution. To the last, unlike the Liberals of his time, he was a
devout and sincere Christian. Before his execution, he demanded a pen
and paper to write these words: “Ma femme, mes enfans, ne me pleurez
pas; ne m’oubliez pas, mais souvenez-vous surtout de ne jamais offenser
Dieu.” (“My wife, my children, weep not for me; forget me not, but
remember above everything never to offend God.)--Ed.)

“Ah, is it possible! You are one of that theurgic brotherhood?”

“Nay, I attended their ceremonies but to see how vainly they sought to
revive the ancient marvels of the cabala.”

“Such studies please you? I have shaken off the influence they once had
on my own imagination.”

“You have not shaken it off,” returned the stranger, bravely; “it is on
you still,--on you at this hour; it beats in your heart; it kindles in
your reason; it will speak in your tongue!”

And then, with a yet lower voice, the stranger continued to address
him, to remind him of certain ceremonies and doctrines,--to explain and
enforce them by references to the actual experience and history of his
listener, which Cazotte thrilled to find so familiar to a stranger.

Gradually the old man’s pleasing and benevolent countenance grew
overcast, and he turned, from time to time, searching, curious, uneasy
glances towards his companion.

The charming Duchesse de G-- archly pointed out to the lively guests the
abstracted air and clouded brow of the poet; and Condorcet, who liked no
one else to be remarked, when he himself was present, said to Cazotte,
“Well, and what do YOU predict of the Revolution,--how, at least, will
it affect us?”

At that question Cazotte started; his cheeks grew pale, large drops
stood on his forehead; his lips writhed; his gay companions gazed on him
in surprise.

“Speak!” whispered the stranger, laying his hand gently upon the arm of
the old wit.

At that word Cazotte’s face grew locked and rigid, his eyes dwelt
vacantly on space, and in a low, hollow voice, he thus answered

(The following prophecy (not unfamiliar, perhaps, to some of my
readers), with some slight variations, and at greater length, in the
text of the authority I am about to cite, is to be found in La
Harpe’s posthumous works. The MS. is said to exist still in La Harpe’s
handwriting, and the story is given on M. Petitot’s authority, volume
i. page 62. It is not for me to enquire if there be doubts of its
foundation on fact.--Ed.),--

“You ask how it will affect yourselves,--you, its most learned, and its
least selfish agents. I will answer: you, Marquis de Condorcet, will
die in prison, but not by the hand of the executioner. In the peaceful
happiness of that day, the philosopher will carry about with him not the
elixir but the poison.”

“My poor Cazotte,” said Condorcet, with his gentle smile, “what have
prisons, executioners, and poison to do with an age of liberty and

“It is in the names of Liberty and Brotherhood that the prisons will
reek, and the headsman be glutted.”

“You are thinking of priestcraft, not philosophy, Cazotte,” said

(Champfort, one of those men of letters who, though misled by the first
fair show of the Revolution, refused to follow the baser men of action
into its horrible excesses, lived to express the murderous philanthropy
of its agents by the best bon mot of the time. Seeing written on the
walls, “Fraternite ou la Mort,” he observed that the sentiment should be
translated thus, “Sois mon frere, ou je te tue.” (“Be my brother, or I
kill thee.”)) “And what of me?”

“You will open your own veins to escape the fraternity of Cain. Be
comforted; the last drops will not follow the razor. For you, venerable
Malesherbes; for you, Aimar Nicolai; for you, learned Bailly,--I see
them dress the scaffold! And all the while, O great philosophers, your
murderers will have no word but philosophy on their lips!”

The hush was complete and universal when the pupil of Voltaire--the
prince of the academic sceptics, hot La Harpe--cried with a sarcastic
laugh, “Do not flatter me, O prophet, by exemption from the fate of
my companions. Shall _I_ have no part to play in this drama of your

At this question, Cazotte’s countenance lost its unnatural expression of
awe and sternness; the sardonic humour most common to it came back and
played in his brightening eyes.

“Yes, La Harpe, the most wonderful part of all! YOU will become--a

This was too much for the audience that a moment before seemed grave
and thoughtful, and they burst into an immoderate fit of laughter, while
Cazotte, as if exhausted by his predictions, sank back in his chair, and
breathed hard and heavily.

“Nay,” said Madame de G--, “you who have predicted such grave things
concerning us, must prophesy something also about yourself.”

A convulsive tremor shook the involuntary prophet,--it passed, and
left his countenance elevated by an expression of resignation and calm.
“Madame,” said he, after a long pause, “during the siege of Jerusalem,
we are told by its historian that a man, for seven successive days,
went round the ramparts, exclaiming, ‘Woe to thee, Jerusalem,--woe to

“Well, Cazotte, well?”

“And on the seventh day, while he thus spoke, a stone from the machines
of the Romans dashed him into atoms!”

With these words, Cazotte rose; and the guests, awed in spite of
themselves, shortly afterwards broke up and retired.


     Qui donc t’a donne la mission s’annoncer au peuple que la
     divinite n’existe pas?  Quel avantage trouves-tu a persuader a
     l’homme qu’une force aveugle preside a ses destinees et frappe au
     hasard le crime et la vertu?--Robespierre, “Discours,” Mai 7,

     (Who then invested you with the mission to announce to the people
     that there is no God?  What advantage find you in persuading man
     that nothing but blind force presides over his destinies, and
     strikes haphazard both crime and virtue?)

It was some time before midnight when the stranger returned home. His
apartments were situated in one of those vast abodes which may be called
an epitome of Paris itself,--the cellars rented by mechanics, scarcely
removed a step from paupers, often by outcasts and fugitives from the
law, often by some daring writer, who, after scattering amongst the
people doctrines the most subversive of order, or the most libellous on
the characters of priest, minister, and king, retired amongst the rats,
to escape the persecution that attends the virtuous; the ground-floor
occupied by shops; the entresol by artists; the principal stories by
nobles; and the garrets by journeymen or grisettes.

As the stranger passed up the stairs, a young man of a form and
countenance singularly unprepossessing emerged from a door in the
entresol, and brushed beside him. His glance was furtive, sinister,
savage, and yet timorous; the man’s face was of an ashen paleness, and
the features worked convulsively. The stranger paused, and observed
him with thoughtful looks, as he hurried down the stairs. While he
thus stood, he heard a groan from the room which the young man had just
quitted; the latter had pulled to the door with hasty vehemence, but
some fragment, probably of fuel, had prevented its closing, and it now
stood slightly ajar; the stranger pushed it open and entered. He passed
a small anteroom, meanly furnished, and stood in a bedchamber of meagre
and sordid discomfort. Stretched on the bed, and writhing in pain, lay
an old man; a single candle lit the room, and threw its feeble ray over
the furrowed and death-like face of the sick person. No attendant
was by; he seemed left alone, to breathe his last. “Water,” he moaned
feebly,--“water:--I parch,--I burn!” The intruder approached the bed,
bent over him, and took his hand. “Oh, bless thee, Jean, bless thee!”
 said the sufferer; “hast thou brought back the physician already? Sir,
I am poor, but I can pay you well. I would not die yet, for that young
man’s sake.” And he sat upright in his bed, and fixed his dim eyes
anxiously on his visitor.

“What are your symptoms, your disease?”

“Fire, fire, fire in the heart, the entrails: I burn!”

“How long is it since you have taken food?”

“Food! only this broth. There is the basin, all I have taken these six
hours. I had scarce drunk it ere these pains began.”

The stranger looked at the basin; some portion of the contents was yet
left there.

“Who administered this to you?”

“Who? Jean! Who else should? I have no servant,--none! I am poor, very
poor, sir. But no! you physicians do not care for the poor. I AM RICH!
can you cure me?”

“Yes, if Heaven permit. Wait but a few moments.”

The old man was fast sinking under the rapid effects of poison. The
stranger repaired to his own apartments, and returned in a few moments
with some preparation that had the instant result of an antidote. The
pain ceased, the blue and livid colour receded from the lips; the old
man fell into a profound sleep. The stranger drew the curtains round the
bed, took up the light, and inspected the apartment. The walls of both
rooms were hung with drawings of masterly excellence. A portfolio
was filled with sketches of equal skill,--but these last were mostly
subjects that appalled the eye and revolted the taste: they displayed
the human figure in every variety of suffering,--the rack, the wheel,
the gibbet; all that cruelty has invented to sharpen the pangs of death
seemed yet more dreadful from the passionate gusto and earnest force of
the designer. And some of the countenances of those thus delineated were
sufficiently removed from the ideal to show that they were portraits; in
a large, bold, irregular hand was written beneath these drawings, “The
Future of the Aristocrats.” In a corner of the room, and close by an old
bureau, was a small bundle, over which, as if to hide it, a cloak was
thrown carelessly. Several shelves were filled with books; these
were almost entirely the works of the philosophers of the time,--the
philosophers of the material school, especially the Encyclopedistes,
whom Robespierre afterwards so singularly attacked when the coward
deemed it unsafe to leave his reign without a God.

(“Cette secte (les Encyclopedistes) propagea avec beaucoup de zele
l’opinion du materialisme, qui prevalut parmi les grands et parmi
les beaux esprits; on lui doit en partie cette espece de philosophie
pratique qui, reduisant l’Egoisme en systeme regarde la societe humaine
comme une guerre de ruse, le succes comme la regle du juste et de
l’injuste, la probite comme une affaire de gout, ou de bienseance,
le monde comme le patrimoine des fripons adroits.”--“Discours de
Robespierre,” Mai 7, 1794. (This sect (the Encyclopaedists) propagate
with much zeal the doctrine of materialism, which prevails among
the great and the wits; we owe to it partly that kind of practical
philosophy which, reducing Egotism to a system, looks upon society as
a war of cunning; success the rule of right and wrong, honesty as an
affair of taste or decency: and the world as the patrimony of clever

A volume lay on a table,--it was one of Voltaire, and the page was
opened at his argumentative assertion of the existence of the Supreme
Being. (“Histoire de Jenni.”) The margin was covered with pencilled
notes, in the stiff but tremulous hand of old age; all in attempt to
refute or to ridicule the logic of the sage of Ferney: Voltaire did not
go far enough for the annotator! The clock struck two, when the sound
of steps was heard without. The stranger silently seated himself on the
farther side of the bed, and its drapery screened him, as he sat, from
the eyes of a man who now entered on tiptoe; it was the same person
who had passed him on the stairs. The new-comer took up the candle and
approached the bed. The old man’s face was turned to the pillow; but he
lay so still, and his breathing was so inaudible, that his sleep might
well, by that hasty, shrinking, guilty glance, be mistaken for the
repose of death. The new-comer drew back, and a grim smile passed over
his face: he replaced the candle on the table, opened the bureau with
a key which he took from his pocket, and loaded himself with several
rouleaus of gold that he found in the drawers. At this time the old man
began to wake. He stirred, he looked up; he turned his eyes towards the
light now waning in its socket; he saw the robber at his work; he sat
erect for an instant, as if transfixed, more even by astonishment than
terror. At last he sprang from his bed.

“Just Heaven! do I dream! Thou--thou--thou, for whom I toiled and

The robber started; the gold fell from his hand, and rolled on the

“What!” he said, “art thou not dead yet? Has the poison failed?”

“Poison, boy! Ah!” shrieked the old man, and covered his face with his
hands; then, with sudden energy, he exclaimed, “Jean! Jean! recall that
word. Rob, plunder me if thou wilt, but do not say thou couldst murder
one who only lived for thee! There, there, take the gold; I hoarded it
but for thee. Go! go!” and the old man, who in his passion had quitted
his bed, fell at the feet of the foiled assassin, and writhed on the
ground,--the mental agony more intolerable than that of the body,
which he had so lately undergone. The robber looked at him with a
hard disdain. “What have I ever done to thee, wretch?” cried the old
man,--“what but loved and cherished thee? Thou wert an orphan,--an
outcast. I nurtured, nursed, adopted thee as my son. If men call me a
miser, it was but that none might despise thee, my heir, because Nature
has stunted and deformed thee, when I was no more. Thou wouldst have
had all when I was dead. Couldst thou not spare me a few months or
days,--nothing to thy youth, all that is left to my age? What have I
done to thee?”

“Thou hast continued to live, and thou wouldst make no will.”

“Mon Dieu! Mon Dieu!”

“TON DIEU! Thy God! Fool! Hast thou not told me, from my childhood, that
there is NO God? Hast thou not fed me on philosophy? Hast thou not said,
‘Be virtuous, be good, be just, for the sake of mankind: but there is no
life after this life’? Mankind! why should I love mankind? Hideous and
misshapen, mankind jeer at me as I pass the streets. What hast thou done
to me? Thou hast taken away from me, who am the scoff of this world, the
hopes of another! Is there no other life? Well, then, I want thy gold,
that at least I may hasten to make the best of this!”

“Monster! Curses light on thy ingratitude, thy--”

“And who hears thy curses? Thou knowest there is no God! Mark me; I have
prepared all to fly. See,--I have my passport; my horses wait without;
relays are ordered. I have thy gold.” (And the wretch, as he spoke,
continued coldly to load his person with the rouleaus). “And now, if I
spare thy life, how shall I be sure that thou wilt not inform against
mine?” He advanced with a gloomy scowl and a menacing gesture as he

The old man’s anger changed to fear. He cowered before the savage. “Let
me live! let me live!--that--that--”


“I may pardon thee! Yes, thou hast nothing to fear from me. I swear it!”

“Swear! But by whom and what, old man? I cannot believe thee, if thou
believest not in any God! Ha, ha! behold the result of thy lessons.”

Another moment and those murderous fingers would have strangled their
prey. But between the assassin and his victim rose a form that seemed
almost to both a visitor from the world that both denied,--stately with
majestic strength, glorious with awful beauty.

The ruffian recoiled, looked, trembled, and then turned and fled from
the chamber. The old man fell again to the ground insensible.


     To know how a bad man will act when in power, reverse all the
     doctrines he preaches when obscure.--S. Montague.

     Antipathies also form a part of magic (falsely) so-called.  Man
     naturally has the same instinct as the animals, which warns them
     involuntarily against the creatures that are hostile or fatal to
     their existence.  But HE so often neglects it, that it becomes
     dormant.  Not so the true cultivator of the Great Science, etc.

     --Trismegistus the Fourth (a Rosicrucian).

When he again saw the old man the next day, the stranger found him calm,
and surprisingly recovered from the scene and sufferings of the night.
He expressed his gratitude to his preserver with tearful fervour,
and stated that he had already sent for a relation who would make
arrangements for his future safety and mode of life. “For I have money
yet left,” said the old man; “and henceforth have no motive to be a
miser.” He proceeded then briefly to relate the origin and circumstances
of his connection with his intended murderer.

It seems that in earlier life he had quarrelled with his
relations,--from a difference in opinions of belief. Rejecting all
religion as a fable, he yet cultivated feelings that inclined him--for
though his intellect was weak, his dispositions were good--to that
false and exaggerated sensibility which its dupes so often mistake
for benevolence. He had no children; he resolved to adopt an enfant
du peuple. He resolved to educate this boy according to “reason.” He
selected an orphan of the lowest extraction, whose defects of person and
constitution only yet the more moved his pity, and finally engrossed his
affection. In this outcast he not only loved a son, he loved a theory!
He brought him up most philosophically. Helvetius had proved to him
that education can do all; and before he was eight years old, the little
Jean’s favourite expressions were, “La lumiere et la vertu.” (Light and
virtue.) The boy showed talents, especially in art.

The protector sought for a master who was as free from “superstition” as
himself, and selected the painter David. That person, as hideous as
his pupil, and whose dispositions were as vicious as his professional
abilities were undeniable, was certainly as free from “superstition” as
the protector could desire. It was reserved for Robespierre hereafter
to make the sanguinary painter believe in the Etre Supreme. The boy
was early sensible of his ugliness, which was almost preternatural. His
benefactor found it in vain to reconcile him to the malice of Nature by
his philosophical aphorisms; but when he pointed out to him that in
this world money, like charity, covers a multitude of defects, the boy
listened eagerly and was consoled. To save money for his protege,--for
the only thing in the world he loved,--this became the patron’s passion.
Verily, he had met with his reward.

“But I am thankful he has escaped,” said the old man, wiping his eyes.
“Had he left me a beggar, I could never have accused him.”

“No, for you are the author of his crimes.”

“How! I, who never ceased to inculcate the beauty of virtue? Explain

“Alas! if thy pupil did not make this clear to thee last night from his
own lips, an angel might come from heaven to preach to thee in vain.”

The old man moved uneasily, and was about to reply, when the relative he
had sent for--and who, a native of Nancy, happened to be at Paris at the
time--entered the room. He was a man somewhat past thirty, and of a dry,
saturnine, meagre countenance, restless eyes, and compressed lips. He
listened, with many ejaculations of horror, to his relation’s recital,
and sought earnestly, but in vain, to induce him to give information
against his protege.

“Tush, tush, Rene Dumas!” said the old man, “you are a lawyer. You are
bred to regard human life with contempt. Let any man break a law, and
you shout, ‘Execute him!’”

“I!” cried Dumas, lifting up his hands and eyes: “venerable sage, how
you misjudge me! I lament more than any one the severity of our code. I
think the state never should take away life,--no, not even the life of
a murderer. I agree with that young statesman,--Maximilien
Robespierre,--that the executioner is the invention of the tyrant. My
very attachment to our advancing revolution is, that it must sweep away
this legal butchery.”

The lawyer paused, out of breath. The stranger regarded him fixedly and
turned pale.

“You change countenance, sir,” said Dumas; “you do not agree with me.”

“Pardon me, I was at that moment repressing a vague fear which seemed

“And that--”

“Was that we should meet again, when your opinions on Death and the
philosophy of Revolutions might be different.”


“You enchant me, Cousin Rene,” said the old man, who had listened to his
relation with delight. “Ah, I see you have proper sentiments of justice
and philanthropy. Why did I not seek to know you before? You admire the
Revolution;--you, equally with me, detest the barbarity of kings and the
fraud of priests?”

“Detest! How could I love mankind if I did not?”

“And,” said the old man, hesitatingly, “you do not think, with this
noble gentleman, that I erred in the precepts I instilled into that
wretched man?”

“Erred! Was Socrates to blame if Alcibiades was an adulterer and a

“You hear him, you hear him! But Socrates had also a Plato; henceforth
you shall be a Plato to me. You hear him?” exclaimed the old man,
turning to the stranger.

But the latter was at the threshold. Who shall argue with the most
stubborn of all bigotries,--the fanaticism of unbelief?

“Are you going?” exclaimed Dumas, “and before I have thanked you,
blessed you, for the life of this dear and venerable man? Oh, if ever I
can repay you,--if ever you want the heart’s blood of Rene Dumas!” Thus
volubly delivering himself, he followed the stranger to the threshold of
the second chamber, and there, gently detaining him, and after looking
over his shoulder, to be sure that he was not heard by the owner,
he whispered, “I ought to return to Nancy. One would not lose one’s
time,--you don’t think, sir, that that scoundrel took away ALL the old
fool’s money?”

“Was it thus Plato spoke of Socrates, Monsieur Dumas?”

“Ha, ha!--you are caustic. Well, you have a right. Sir, we shall meet

“AGAIN!” muttered the stranger, and his brow darkened. He hastened to
his chamber; he passed the day and the night alone, and in studies, no
matter of what nature,--they served to increase his gloom.

What could ever connect his fate with Rene Dumas, or the fugitive
assassin? Why did the buoyant air of Paris seem to him heavy with
the steams of blood; why did an instinct urge him to fly from those
sparkling circles, from that focus of the world’s awakened hopes,
warning him from return?--he, whose lofty existence defied--but away
these dreams and omens! He leaves France behind. Back, O Italy, to thy
majestic wrecks! On the Alps his soul breathes the free air once more.
Free air! Alas! let the world-healers exhaust their chemistry; man never
shall be as free in the marketplace as on the mountain. But we, reader,
we too escape from these scenes of false wisdom clothing godless crime.
Away, once more

“In den heitern Regionen Wo die reinen Formen wohnen.”

Away, to the loftier realm where the pure dwellers are. Unpolluted by
the Actual, the Ideal lives only with Art and Beauty. Sweet Viola, by
the shores of the blue Parthenope, by Virgil’s tomb, and the Cimmerian
cavern, we return to thee once more.


     Che non vuol che ‘l destrier piu vada in alto,
     Poi lo lega nel margine marino
     A un verde mirto in mezzo un lauro E UN PINO.
     “Orlando Furioso,” c. vi. xxiii.

     (As he did not wish that his charger (the hippogriff) should take
     any further excursions into the higher regions for the present,
     he bound him at the sea-shore to a green myrtle between a laurel
     and a pine.)

O Musician! art thou happy now? Thou art reinstalled at thy stately
desk,--thy faithful barbiton has its share in the triumph. It is thy
masterpiece which fills thy ear; it is thy daughter who fills the
scene,--the music, the actress, so united, that applause to one is
applause to both. They make way for thee, at the orchestra,--they no
longer jeer and wink, when, with a fierce fondness, thou dost caress
thy Familiar, that plains, and wails, and chides, and growls, under thy
remorseless hand. They understand now how irregular is ever the symmetry
of real genius. The inequalities in its surface make the moon luminous
to man. Giovanni Paisiello, Maestro di Capella, if thy gentle soul could
know envy, thou must sicken to see thy Elfrida and thy Pirro laid aside,
and all Naples turned fanatic to the Siren, at whose measures shook
querulously thy gentle head! But thou, Paisiello, calm in the long
prosperity of fame, knowest that the New will have its day, and
comfortest thyself that the Elfrida and the Pirro will live forever.
Perhaps a mistake, but it is by such mistakes that true genius conquers
envy. “To be immortal,” says Schiller, “live in the whole.” To be
superior to the hour, live in thy self-esteem. The audience now would
give their ears for those variations and flights they were once wont to
hiss. No!--Pisani has been two-thirds of a life at silent work on his
masterpiece: there is nothing he can add to THAT, however he might have
sought to improve on the masterpieces of others. Is not this common?
The least little critic, in reviewing some work of art, will say, “pity
this, and pity that;” “this should have been altered,--that omitted.”
 Yea, with his wiry fiddlestring will he creak out his accursed
variations. But let him sit down and compose himself. He sees no
improvement in variations THEN! Every man can control his fiddle when it
is his own work with which its vagaries would play the devil.

And Viola is the idol, the theme of Naples. She is the spoiled sultana
of the boards. To spoil her acting may be easy enough,--shall they
spoil her nature? No, I think not. There, at home, she is still good
and simple; and there, under the awning by the doorway,--there she still
sits, divinely musing. How often, crook-trunked tree, she looks to thy
green boughs; how often, like thee, in her dreams, and fancies, does she
struggle for the light,--not the light of the stage-lamps. Pooh, child!
be contented with the lamps, even with the rush-lights. A farthing
candle is more convenient for household purposes than the stars.

Weeks passed, and the stranger did not reappear; months had passed, and
his prophecy of sorrow was not yet fulfilled. One evening Pisani was
taken ill. His success had brought on the long-neglected composer
pressing applications for concerti and sonata, adapted to his more
peculiar science on the violin. He had been employed for some weeks, day
and night, on a piece in which he hoped to excel himself. He took, as
usual, one of those seemingly impracticable subjects which it was his
pride to subject to the expressive powers of his art,--the terrible
legend connected with the transformation of Philomel. The pantomime of
sound opened with the gay merriment of a feast. The monarch of Thrace
is at his banquet; a sudden discord brays through the joyous notes,--the
string seems to screech with horror. The king learns the murder of his
son by the hands of the avenging sisters. Swift rage the chords, through
the passions of fear, of horror, of fury, and dismay. The father pursues
the sisters. Hark! what changes the dread--the discord--into that long,
silvery, mournful music? The transformation is completed; and Philomel,
now the nightingale, pours from the myrtle-bough the full, liquid,
subduing notes that are to tell evermore to the world the history of
her woes and wrongs. Now, it was in the midst of this complicated and
difficult attempt that the health of the over-tasked musician, excited
alike by past triumph and new ambition, suddenly gave way. He was taken
ill at night. The next morning the doctor pronounced that his disease
was a malignant and infectious fever. His wife and Viola shared in their
tender watch; but soon that task was left to the last alone. The Signora
Pisani caught the infection, and in a few hours was even in a state more
alarming than that of her husband. The Neapolitans, in common with the
inhabitants of all warm climates, are apt to become selfish and brutal
in their dread of infectious disorders. Gionetta herself pretended to be
ill, to avoid the sick-chamber. The whole labour of love and sorrow
fell on Viola. It was a terrible trial,--I am willing to hurry over the
details. The wife died first!

One day, a little before sunset, Pisani woke partially recovered from
the delirium which had preyed upon him, with few intervals, since the
second day of the disease; and casting about him his dizzy and feeble
eyes, he recognised Viola, and smiled. He faltered her name as he rose
and stretched his arms. She fell upon his breast, and strove to suppress
her tears.

“Thy mother?” he said. “Does she sleep?”

“She sleeps,--ah, yes!” and the tears gushed forth.

“I thought--eh! I know not WHAT I have thought. But do not weep: I shall
be well now,--quite well. She will come to me when she wakes,--will

Viola could not speak; but she busied herself in pouring forth an
anodyne, which she had been directed to give the sufferer as soon as the
delirium should cease. The doctor had told her, too, to send for him the
instant so important a change should occur.

She went to the door and called to the woman who, during Gionetta’s
pretended illness, had been induced to supply her place; but the
hireling answered not. She flew through the chambers to search for her
in vain,--the hireling had caught Gionetta’s fears, and vanished. What
was to be done? The case was urgent,--the doctor had declared not a
moment should be lost in obtaining his attendance; she must leave her
father,--she must go herself! She crept back into the room,--the anodyne
seemed already to have taken benign effect; the patient’s eyes were
closed, and he breathed regularly, as in sleep. She stole away, threw
her veil over her face, and hurried from the house.

Now the anodyne had not produced the effect which it appeared to
have done; instead of healthful sleep, it had brought on a kind of
light-headed somnolence, in which the mind, preternaturally restless,
wandered about its accustomed haunts, waking up its old familiar
instincts and inclinations. It was not sleep,--it was not delirium;
it was the dream-wakefulness which opium sometimes induces, when every
nerve grows tremulously alive, and creates a corresponding activity in
the frame, to which it gives a false and hectic vigour. Pisani missed
something,--what, he scarcely knew; it was a combination of the two
wants most essential to his mental life,--the voice of his wife, the
touch of his Familiar. He rose,--he left his bed, he leisurely put on
his old dressing-robe, in which he had been wont to compose. He smiled
complacently as the associations connected with the garment came over
his memory; he walked tremulously across the room, and entered the small
cabinet next to his chamber, in which his wife had been accustomed more
often to watch than sleep, when illness separated her from his side. The
room was desolate and void. He looked round wistfully, and muttered
to himself, and then proceeded regularly, and with a noiseless step,
through the chambers of the silent house, one by one.

He came at last to that in which old Gionetta--faithful to her own
safety, if nothing else--nursed herself, in the remotest corner of the
house, from the danger of infection. As he glided in,--wan, emaciated,
with an uneasy, anxious, searching look in his haggard eyes,--the old
woman shrieked aloud, and fell at his feet. He bent over her, passed his
thin hands along her averted face, shook his head, and said in a hollow

“I cannot find them; where are they?”

“Who, dear master? Oh, have compassion on yourself; they are not here.
Blessed saints! this is terrible; he has touched me; I am dead!”

“Dead! who is dead? Is any one dead?”

“Ah! don’t talk so; you must know it well: my poor mistress,--she caught
the fever from you; it is infectious enough to kill a whole city. San
Gennaro protect me! My poor mistress, she is dead,--buried, too; and
I, your faithful Gionetta, woe is me! Go, go--to--to bed again, dearest

The poor musician stood for one moment mute and unmoving, then a slight
shiver ran through his frame; he turned and glided back, silent and
spectre-like, as he had entered. He came into the room where he had been
accustomed to compose,--where his wife, in her sweet patience, had so
often sat by his side, and praised and flattered when the world had but
jeered and scorned. In one corner he found the laurel-wreath she had
placed on his brows that happy night of fame and triumph; and near it,
half hid by her mantilla, lay in its case the neglected instrument.

Viola was not long gone: she had found the physician; she returned with
him; and as they gained the threshold, they heard a strain of music from
within,--a strain of piercing, heart-rending anguish. It was not like
some senseless instrument, mechanical in its obedience to a human
hand,--it was as some spirit calling, in wail and agony from the forlorn
shades, to the angels it beheld afar beyond the Eternal Gulf. They
exchanged glances of dismay. They hurried into the house; they hastened
into the room. Pisani turned, and his look, full of ghastly intelligence
and stern command, awed them back. The black mantilla, the faded
laurel-leaf, lay there before him. Viola’s heart guessed all at a single
glance; she sprung to his knees; she clasped them,--“Father, father, _I_
am left thee still!”

The wail ceased,--the note changed; with a confused association--half of
the man, half of the artist--the anguish, still a melody, was connected
with sweeter sounds and thoughts. The nightingale had escaped the
pursuit,--soft, airy, bird-like, thrilled the delicious notes a moment,
and then died away. The instrument fell to the floor, and its chords
snapped. You heard that sound through the silence. The artist looked
on his kneeling child, and then on the broken chords... “Bury me by her
side,” he said, in a very calm, low voice; “and THAT by mine.” And with
these words his whole frame became rigid, as if turned to stone. The
last change passed over his face. He fell to the ground, sudden and
heavy. The chords THERE, too,--the chords of the human instrument were
snapped asunder. As he fell, his robe brushed the laurel-wreath, and
that fell also, near but not in reach of the dead man’s nerveless hand.

Broken instrument, broken heart, withered laurel-wreath!--the setting
sun through the vine-clad lattice streamed on all! So smiles the eternal
Nature on the wrecks of all that make life glorious! And not a sun that
sets not somewhere on the silenced music,--on the faded laurel!


     Che difesa miglior ch’ usbergo e scudo,
     E la santa innocenza al petto ignudo!
     “Ger. Lib.,” c. viii. xli.

     (Better defence than shield or breastplate is holy innocence
     to the naked breast.)

And they buried the musician and his barbiton together, in the same
coffin. That famous Steiner--primeval Titan of the great Tyrolese
race--often hast thou sought to scale the heavens, and therefore must
thou, like the meaner children of men, descend to the dismal Hades!
Harder fate for thee than thy mortal master. For THY soul sleeps with
thee in the coffin. And the music that belongs to HIS, separate from
the instrument, ascends on high, to be heard often by a daughter’s pious
ears when the heaven is serene and the earth sad. For there is a sense
of hearing that the vulgar know not. And the voices of the dead breathe
soft and frequent to those who can unite the memory with the faith.

And now Viola is alone in the world,--alone in the home where loneliness
had seemed from the cradle a thing that was not of nature. And at
first the solitude and the stillness were insupportable. Have you, ye
mourners, to whom these sibyl leaves, weird with many a dark enigma,
shall be borne, have you not felt that when the death of some best-loved
one has made the hearth desolate,--have you not felt as if the gloom of
the altered home was too heavy for thought to bear?--you would leave it,
though a palace, even for a cabin. And yet,--sad to say,--when you obey
the impulse, when you fly from the walls, when in the strange place in
which you seek your refuge nothing speaks to you of the lost, have ye
not felt again a yearning for that very food to memory which was just
before but bitterness and gall? Is it not almost impious and profane
to abandon that dear hearth to strangers? And the desertion of the home
where your parents dwelt, and blessed you, upbraids your conscience as
if you had sold their tombs.

Beautiful was the Etruscan superstition that the ancestors become the
household gods. Deaf is the heart to which the Lares call from the
desolate floors in vain. At first Viola had, in her intolerable anguish,
gratefully welcomed the refuge which the house and family of a kindly
neighbour, much attached to her father, and who was one of the orchestra
that Pisani shall perplex no more, had proffered to the orphan. But the
company of the unfamiliar in our grief, the consolation of the stranger,
how it irritates the wound! And then, to hear elsewhere the name of
father, mother, child,--as if death came alone to you,--to see elsewhere
the calm regularity of those lives united in love and order, keeping
account of happy hours, the unbroken timepiece of home, as if
nowhere else the wheels were arrested, the chain shattered, the hands
motionless, the chime still! No, the grave itself does not remind us of
our loss like the company of those who have no loss to mourn. Go back to
thy solitude, young orphan,--go back to thy home: the sorrow that meets
thee on the threshold can greet thee, even in its sadness, like the
smile upon the face of the dead. And there, from thy casement, and
there, from without thy door, thou seest still the tree, solitary as
thyself, and springing from the clefts of the rock, but forcing its way
to light,--as, through all sorrow, while the seasons yet can renew the
verdure and bloom of youth, strives the instinct of the human heart!
Only when the sap is dried up, only when age comes on, does the sun
shine in vain for man and for the tree.

Weeks and months--months sad and many--again passed, and Naples will
not longer suffer its idol to seclude itself from homage. The world ever
plucks us back from ourselves with a thousand arms. And again Viola’s
voice is heard upon the stage, which, mystically faithful to life, is in
nought more faithful than this, that it is the appearances that fill the
scene; and we pause not to ask of what realities they are the proxies.
When the actor of Athens moved all hearts as he clasped the burial urn,
and burst into broken sobs; how few, there, knew that it held the ashes
of his son! Gold, as well as fame, was showered upon the young actress;
but she still kept to her simple mode of life, to her lowly home, to
the one servant whose faults, selfish as they were, Viola was too
inexperienced to perceive. And it was Gionetta who had placed her when
first born in her father’s arms! She was surrounded by every snare,
wooed by every solicitation that could beset her unguarded beauty and
her dangerous calling. But her modest virtue passed unsullied through
them all. It is true that she had been taught by lips now mute the
maiden duties enjoined by honour and religion. And all love that spoke
not of the altar only shocked and repelled her. But besides that, as
grief and solitude ripened her heart, and made her tremble at times
to think how deeply it could feel, her vague and early visions shaped
themselves into an ideal of love. And till the ideal is found, how
the shadow that it throws before it chills us to the actual! With
that ideal, ever and ever, unconsciously, and with a certain awe and
shrinking, came the shape and voice of the warning stranger. Nearly two
years had passed since he had appeared at Naples. Nothing had been heard
of him, save that his vessel had been directed, some months after his
departure, to sail for Leghorn. By the gossips of Naples, his existence,
supposed so extraordinary, was wellnigh forgotten; but the heart of
Viola was more faithful. Often he glided through her dreams, and
when the wind sighed through that fantastic tree, associated with his
remembrance, she started with a tremor and a blush, as if she had heard
him speak.

But amongst the train of her suitors was one to whom she listened
more gently than to the rest; partly because, perhaps, he spoke in
her mother’s native tongue; partly because in his diffidence there was
little to alarm and displease; partly because his rank, nearer to
her own than that of lordlier wooers, prevented his admiration from
appearing insult; partly because he himself, eloquent and a dreamer,
often uttered thoughts that were kindred to those buried deepest in her
mind. She began to like, perhaps to love him, but as a sister loves;
a sort of privileged familiarity sprung up between them. If in the
Englishman’s breast arose wild and unworthy hopes, he had not yet
expressed them. Is there danger to thee here, lone Viola, or is the
danger greater in thy unfound ideal?

And now, as the overture to some strange and wizard spectacle, closes
this opening prelude. Wilt thou hear more? Come with thy faith prepared.
I ask not the blinded eyes, but the awakened sense. As the enchanted
Isle, remote from the homes of men,--

“Ove alcun legno Rado, o non mai va dalle nostre sponde,”--“Ger.Lib.,”
 cant. xiv. 69.

(Where ship seldom or never comes from our coasts.)

is the space in the weary ocean of actual life to which the Muse or
Sibyl (ancient in years, but ever young in aspect), offers thee no
unhallowed sail,--

     “Quinci ella in cima a una montagna ascende
     Disabitata, e d’ ombre oscura e bruna;
     E par incanto a lei nevose rende
     Le spalle e i fianchi; e sensa neve alcuna
     Gli lascia il capo verdeggiante e vago;
     E vi fonda un palagio appresso un lago.”

     (There, she a mountain’s lofty peak ascends, Unpeopled,
     shady, shagg’d with forests brown, Whose sides, by power of
     magic, half-way down She heaps with slippery ice and frost
     and snow, But sunshiny and verdant leaves the crown With
     orange-woods and myrtles,--speaks, and lo! Rich from the
     bordering lake a palace rises slow. Wiffin’s “Translation.”)


     Diversi aspetti in un confusi e misti.
     “Ger. Lib,” cant. iv. 7.

     Different appearances, confused and mixt in one.


     Centauri, e Sfingi, e pallide Gorgoni.
     “Ger. Lib.,” c. iv. v.

     (Centaurs and Sphinxes and pallid Gorgons.)

One moonlit night, in the Gardens at Naples, some four or five gentleman
were seated under a tree, drinking their sherbet, and listening, in the
intervals of conversation, to the music which enlivened that gay and
favourite resort of an indolent population. One of this little party was
a young Englishman, who had been the life of the whole group, but who,
for the last few moments, had sunk into a gloomy and abstracted reverie.
One of his countrymen observed this sudden gloom, and, tapping him on
the back, said, “What ails you, Glyndon? Are you ill? You have grown
quite pale,--you tremble. Is it a sudden chill? You had better go home:
these Italian nights are often dangerous to our English constitutions.”

“No, I am well now; it was a passing shudder. I cannot account for it

A man, apparently of about thirty years of age, and of a mien and
countenance strikingly superior to those around him, turned abruptly,
and looked steadfastly at Glyndon.

“I think I understand what you mean,” said he; “and perhaps,” he added,
with a grave smile, “I could explain it better than yourself.” Here,
turning to the others, he added, “You must often have felt, gentlemen,
each and all of you, especially when sitting alone at night, a strange
and unaccountable sensation of coldness and awe creep over you; your
blood curdles, and the heart stands still; the limbs shiver; the hair
bristles; you are afraid to look up, to turn your eyes to the darker
corners of the room; you have a horrible fancy that something unearthly
is at hand; presently the whole spell, if I may so call it, passes away,
and you are ready to laugh at your own weakness. Have you not often felt
what I have thus imperfectly described?--if so, you can understand what
our young friend has just experienced, even amidst the delights of this
magical scene, and amidst the balmy whispers of a July night.”

“Sir,” replied Glyndon, evidently much surprised, “you have defined
exactly the nature of that shudder which came over me. But how could my
manner be so faithful an index to my impressions?”

“I know the signs of the visitation,” returned the stranger, gravely;
“they are not to be mistaken by one of my experience.”

All the gentleman present then declared that they could comprehend, and
had felt, what the stranger had described.

“According to one of our national superstitions,” said Mervale, the
Englishman who had first addressed Glyndon, “the moment you so feel your
blood creep, and your hair stand on end, some one is walking over the
spot which shall be your grave.”

“There are in all lands different superstitions to account for so common
an occurrence,” replied the stranger: “one sect among the Arabians holds
that at that instant God is deciding the hour either of your death,
or of some one dear to you. The African savage, whose imagination is
darkened by the hideous rites of his gloomy idolatry, believes that the
Evil Spirit is pulling you towards him by the hair: so do the Grotesque
and the Terrible mingle with each other.”

“It is evidently a mere physical accident,--a derangement of the
stomach, a chill of the blood,” said a young Neapolitan, with whom
Glyndon had formed a slight acquaintance.

“Then why is it always coupled in all nations with some superstitious
presentiment or terror,--some connection between the material frame and
the supposed world without us? For my part, I think--”

“Ay, what do you think, sir?” asked Glyndon, curiously.

“I think,” continued the stranger, “that it is the repugnance and
horror with which our more human elements recoil from something, indeed,
invisible, but antipathetic to our own nature; and from a knowledge of
which we are happily secured by the imperfection of our senses.”

“You are a believer in spirits, then?” said Mervale, with an incredulous

“Nay, it was not precisely of spirits that I spoke; but there may be
forms of matter as invisible and impalpable to us as the animalculae
in the air we breathe,--in the water that plays in yonder basin. Such
beings may have passions and powers like our own--as the animalculae to
which I have compared them. The monster that lives and dies in a drop of
water--carnivorous, insatiable, subsisting on the creatures minuter than
himself--is not less deadly in his wrath, less ferocious in his nature,
than the tiger of the desert. There may be things around us that would
be dangerous and hostile to men, if Providence had not placed a wall
between them and us, merely by different modifications of matter.”

“And think you that wall never can be removed?” asked young Glyndon,
abruptly. “Are the traditions of sorcerer and wizard, universal and
immemorial as they are, merely fables?”

“Perhaps yes,--perhaps no,” answered the stranger, indifferently. “But
who, in an age in which the reason has chosen its proper bounds, would
be mad enough to break the partition that divides him from the boa and
the lion,--to repine at and rebel against the law which confines the
shark to the great deep? Enough of these idle speculations.”

Here the stranger rose, summoned the attendant, paid for his sherbet,
and, bowing slightly to the company, soon disappeared among the trees.

“Who is that gentleman?” asked Glyndon, eagerly.

The rest looked at each other, without replying, for some moments.

“I never saw him before,” said Mervale, at last.

“Nor I.”

“Nor I.”

“I know him well,” said the Neapolitan, who was, indeed, the Count
Cetoxa. “If you remember, it was as my companion that he joined you.
He visited Naples about two years ago, and has recently returned; he is
very rich,--indeed, enormously so. A most agreeable person. I am sorry
to hear him talk so strangely to-night; it serves to encourage the
various foolish reports that are circulated concerning him.”

“And surely,” said another Neapolitan, “the circumstance that occurred
but the other day, so well known to yourself, Cetoxa, justifies the
reports you pretend to deprecate.”

“Myself and my countryman,” said Glyndon, “mix so little in Neapolitan
society, that we lose much that appears well worthy of lively interest.
May I enquire what are the reports, and what is the circumstance you
refer to?”

“As to the reports, gentlemen,” said Cetoxa, courteously, addressing
himself to the two Englishmen, “it may suffice to observe, that they
attribute to the Signor Zanoni certain qualities which everybody desires
for himself, but damns any one else for possessing. The incident Signor
Belgioso alludes to, illustrates these qualities, and is, I must own,
somewhat startling. You probably play, gentlemen?” (Here Cetoxa paused;
and as both Englishmen had occasionally staked a few scudi at the public
gaming-tables, they bowed assent to the conjecture.) Cetoxa continued.
“Well, then, not many days since, and on the very day that Zanoni
returned to Naples, it so happened that I had been playing pretty high,
and had lost considerably. I rose from the table, resolved no longer to
tempt fortune, when I suddenly perceived Zanoni, whose acquaintance I
had before made (and who, I may say, was under some slight obligation to
me), standing by, a spectator. Ere I could express my gratification at
this unexpected recognition, he laid his hand on my arm. ‘You have lost
much,’ said he; ‘more than you can afford. For my part, I dislike play;
yet I wish to have some interest in what is going on. Will you play this
sum for me? the risk is mine,--the half profits yours.’ I was startled,
as you may suppose, at such an address; but Zanoni had an air and tone
with him it was impossible to resist; besides, I was burning to recover
my losses, and should not have risen had I had any money left about me.
I told him I would accept his offer, provided we shared the risk as well
as profits. ‘As you will,’ said he, smiling; ‘we need have no scruple,
for you will be sure to win.’ I sat down; Zanoni stood behind me; my
luck rose,--I invariably won. In fact, I rose from the table a rich

“There can be no foul play at the public tables, especially when foul
play would make against the bank?” This question was put by Glyndon.

“Certainly not,” replied the count. “But our good fortune was, indeed,
marvellous,--so extraordinary that a Sicilian (the Sicilians are all
ill-bred, bad-tempered fellows) grew angry and insolent. ‘Sir,’ said he,
turning to my new friend, ‘you have no business to stand so near to
the table. I do not understand this; you have not acted fairly.’ Zanoni
replied, with great composure, that he had done nothing against the
rules,--that he was very sorry that one man could not win without
another man losing; and that he could not act unfairly, even if disposed
to do so. The Sicilian took the stranger’s mildness for apprehension,
and blustered more loudly. In fact, he rose from the table, and
confronted Zanoni in a manner that, to say the least of it, was
provoking to any gentleman who has some quickness of temper, or some
skill with the small-sword.”

“And,” interrupted Belgioso, “the most singular part of the whole to me
was, that this Zanoni, who stood opposite to where I sat, and whose face
I distinctly saw, made no remark, showed no resentment. He fixed his
eyes steadfastly on the Sicilian; never shall I forget that look! it is
impossible to describe it,--it froze the blood in my veins. The Sicilian
staggered back as if struck. I saw him tremble; he sank on the bench.
And then--”

“Yes, then,” said Cetoxa, “to my infinite surprise, our gentleman, thus
disarmed by a look from Zanoni, turned his whole anger upon me, THE--but
perhaps you do not know, gentlemen, that I have some repute with my

“The best swordsman in Italy,” said Belgioso.

“Before I could guess why or wherefore,” resumed Cetoxa, “I found myself
in the garden behind the house, with Ughelli (that was the Sicilian’s
name) facing me, and five or six gentlemen, the witnesses of the duel
about to take place, around. Zanoni beckoned me aside. ‘This man will
fall,’ said he. ‘When he is on the ground, go to him, and ask whether he
will be buried by the side of his father in the church of San Gennaro?’
‘Do you then know his family?’ I asked with great surprise. Zanoni made
me no answer, and the next moment I was engaged with the Sicilian. To
do him justice, his imbrogliato was magnificent, and a swifter lounger
never crossed a sword; nevertheless,” added Cetoxa, with a pleasing
modesty, “he was run through the body. I went up to him; he could
scarcely speak. ‘Have you any request to make,--any affairs to settle?’
He shook his head. ‘Where would you wish to be interred?’ He pointed
towards the Sicilian coast. ‘What!’ said I, in surprise, ‘NOT by the
side of your father, in the church of San Gennaro?’ As I spoke, his face
altered terribly; he uttered a piercing shriek,--the blood gushed from
his mouth, and he fell dead. The most strange part of the story is to
come. We buried him in the church of San Gennaro. In doing so, we took
up his father’s coffin; the lid came off in moving it, and the skeleton
was visible. In the hollow of the skull we found a very slender wire of
sharp steel; this caused surprise and inquiry. The father, who was rich
and a miser, had died suddenly, and been buried in haste, owing, it
was said, to the heat of the weather. Suspicion once awakened, the
examination became minute. The old man’s servant was questioned, and at
last confessed that the son had murdered the sire. The contrivance was
ingenious: the wire was so slender that it pierced to the brain,
and drew but one drop of blood, which the grey hairs concealed. The
accomplice will be executed.”

“And Zanoni,--did he give evidence, did he account for--”

“No,” interrupted the count: “he declared that he had by accident
visited the church that morning; that he had observed the tombstone of
the Count Ughelli; that his guide had told him the count’s son was in
Naples,--a spendthrift and a gambler. While we were at play, he had
heard the count mentioned by name at the table; and when the challenge
was given and accepted, it had occurred to him to name the place of
burial, by an instinct which he either could not or would not account

“A very lame story,” said Mervale.

“Yes! but we Italians are superstitious,--the alleged instinct was
regarded by many as the whisper of Providence. The next day the stranger
became an object of universal interest and curiosity. His wealth, his
manner of living, his extraordinary personal beauty, have assisted also
to make him the rage; besides, I have had the pleasure in introducing so
eminent a person to our gayest cavaliers and our fairest ladies.”

“A most interesting narrative,” said Mervale, rising. “Come, Glyndon;
shall we seek our hotel? It is almost daylight. Adieu, signor!”

“What think you of this story?” said Glyndon, as the young men walked

“Why, it is very clear that this Zanoni is some imposter,--some clever
rogue; and the Neapolitan shares the booty, and puffs him off with all
the hackneyed charlatanism of the marvellous. An unknown adventurer gets
into society by being made an object of awe and curiosity; he is more
than ordinarily handsome, and the women are quite content to receive him
without any other recommendation than his own face and Cetoxa’s fables.”

“I cannot agree with you. Cetoxa, though a gambler and a rake, is a
nobleman of birth and high repute for courage and honour. Besides,
this stranger, with his noble presence and lofty air,--so calm, so
unobtrusive,--has nothing in common with the forward garrulity of an

“My dear Glyndon, pardon me; but you have not yet acquired any knowledge
of the world! The stranger makes the best of a fine person, and his
grand air is but a trick of the trade. But to change the subject,--how
advances the love affair?”

“Oh, Viola could not see me to-day.”

“You must not marry her. What would they all say at home?”

“Let us enjoy the present,” said Glyndon, with vivacity; “we are young,
rich, good-looking; let us not think of to-morrow.”

“Bravo, Glyndon! Here we are at the hotel. Sleep sound, and don’t dream
of Signor Zanoni.”


     Prende, giovine audace e impaziente,
     L’occasione offerta avidamente.
     “Ger. Lib.,” c. vi. xxix.

     (Take, youth, bold and impatient, the offered occasion eagerly.)

Clarence Glyndon was a young man of fortune, not large, but easy and
independent. His parents were dead, and his nearest relation was an
only sister, left in England under the care of her aunt, and many years
younger than himself. Early in life he had evinced considerable promise
in the art of painting, and rather from enthusiasm than any pecuniary
necessity for a profession, he determined to devote himself to a
career in which the English artist generally commences with rapture
and historical composition, to conclude with avaricious calculation and
portraits of Alderman Simpkins. Glyndon was supposed by his friends to
possess no inconsiderable genius; but it was of a rash and presumptuous
order. He was averse from continuous and steady labour, and his ambition
rather sought to gather the fruit than to plant the tree. In common with
many artists in their youth, he was fond of pleasure and excitement,
yielding with little forethought to whatever impressed his fancy or
appealed to his passions. He had travelled through the more celebrated
cities of Europe, with the avowed purpose and sincere resolution of
studying the divine masterpieces of his art. But in each, pleasure had
too often allured him from ambition, and living beauty distracted his
worship from the senseless canvas. Brave, adventurous, vain, restless,
inquisitive, he was ever involved in wild projects and pleasant
dangers,--the creature of impulse and the slave of imagination.

It was then the period when a feverish spirit of change was working
its way to that hideous mockery of human aspirations, the Revolution
of France; and from the chaos into which were already jarring the
sanctities of the World’s Venerable Belief, arose many shapeless and
unformed chimeras. Need I remind the reader that, while that was the day
for polished scepticism and affected wisdom, it was the day also for the
most egregious credulity and the most mystical superstitions,--the day
in which magnetism and magic found converts amongst the disciples of
Diderot; when prophecies were current in every mouth; when the salon
of a philosophical deist was converted into an Heraclea, in which
necromancy professed to conjure up the shadows of the dead; when the
Crosier and the Book were ridiculed, and Mesmer and Cagliostro were
believed. In that Heliacal Rising, heralding the new sun before which
all vapours were to vanish, stalked from their graves in the feudal
ages all the phantoms that had flitted before the eyes of Paracelsus
and Agrippa. Dazzled by the dawn of the Revolution, Glyndon was yet more
attracted by its strange accompaniments; and natural it was with him, as
with others, that the fancy which ran riot amidst the hopes of a social
Utopia, should grasp with avidity all that promised, out of the dusty
tracks of the beaten science, the bold discoveries of some marvellous

In his travels he had listened with vivid interest, at least, if
not with implicit belief, to the wonders told of each more renowned
Ghost-seer, and his mind was therefore prepared for the impression which
the mysterious Zanoni at first sight had produced upon it.

There might be another cause for this disposition to credulity. A
remote ancestor of Glyndon’s on the mother’s side, had achieved no
inconsiderable reputation as a philosopher and alchemist. Strange
stories were afloat concerning this wise progenitor. He was said to
have lived to an age far exceeding the allotted boundaries of mortal
existence, and to have preserved to the last the appearance of middle
life. He had died at length, it was supposed, of grief for the sudden
death of a great-grandchild, the only creature he had ever appeared to
love. The works of this philosopher, though rare, were extant, and found
in the library of Glyndon’s home. Their Platonic mysticism, their bold
assertions, the high promises that might be detected through their
figurative and typical phraseology, had early made a deep impression on
the young imagination of Clarence Glyndon. His parents, not alive to the
consequences of encouraging fancies which the very enlightenment of the
age appeared to them sufficient to prevent or dispel, were fond, in the
long winter nights, of conversing on the traditional history of this
distinguished progenitor. And Clarence thrilled with a fearful pleasure
when his mother playfully detected a striking likeness between the
features of the young heir and the faded portrait of the alchemist that
overhung their mantelpiece, and was the boast of their household and the
admiration of their friends,--the child is, indeed, more often than we
think for, “the father of the man.”

I have said that Glyndon was fond of pleasure. Facile, as genius
ever must be, to cheerful impression, his careless artist-life, ere
artist-life settles down to labour, had wandered from flower to flower.
He had enjoyed, almost to the reaction of satiety, the gay revelries of
Naples, when he fell in love with the face and voice of Viola Pisani.
But his love, like his ambition, was vague and desultory. It did not
satisfy his whole heart and fill up his whole nature; not from want of
strong and noble passions, but because his mind was not yet matured and
settled enough for their development. As there is one season for the
blossom, another for the fruit; so it is not till the bloom of fancy
begins to fade, that the heart ripens to the passions that the bloom
precedes and foretells. Joyous alike at his lonely easel or amidst his
boon companions, he had not yet known enough of sorrow to love deeply.
For man must be disappointed with the lesser things of life before
he can comprehend the full value of the greatest. It is the shallow
sensualists of France, who, in their salon-language, call love “a
folly,”--love, better understood, is wisdom. Besides, the world was too
much with Clarence Glyndon. His ambition of art was associated with the
applause and estimation of that miserable minority of the surface that
we call the Public.

Like those who deceive, he was ever fearful of being himself the dupe.
He distrusted the sweet innocence of Viola. He could not venture the
hazard of seriously proposing marriage to an Italian actress; but the
modest dignity of the girl, and something good and generous in his own
nature, had hitherto made him shrink from any more worldly but less
honourable designs. Thus the familiarity between them seemed rather that
of kindness and regard than passion. He attended the theatre; he stole
behind the scenes to converse with her; he filled his portfolio with
countless sketches of a beauty that charmed him as an artist as well as
lover; and day after day he floated on through a changing sea of
doubt and irresolution, of affection and distrust. The last, indeed,
constantly sustained against his better reason by the sober admonitions
of Mervale, a matter-of-fact man!

The day following that eve on which this section of my story opens,
Glyndon was riding alone by the shores of the Neapolitan sea, on the
other side of the Cavern of Posilipo. It was past noon; the sun had lost
its early fervour, and a cool breeze sprung up voluptuously from the
sparkling sea. Bending over a fragment of stone near the roadside,
he perceived the form of a man; and when he approached, he recognised

The Englishman saluted him courteously. “Have you discovered some
antique?” said he, with a smile; “they are common as pebbles on this

“No,” replied Zanoni; “it was but one of those antiques that have
their date, indeed, from the beginning of the world, but which Nature
eternally withers and renews.” So saying, he showed Glyndon a small herb
with a pale-blue flower, and then placed it carefully in his bosom.

“You are an herbalist?”

“I am.”

“It is, I am told, a study full of interest.”

“To those who understand it, doubtless.”

“Is the knowledge, then, so rare?”

“Rare! The deeper knowledge is perhaps rather, among the arts, LOST to
the modern philosophy of commonplace and surface! Do you imagine there
was no foundation for those traditions which come dimly down from
remoter ages,--as shells now found on the mountain-tops inform us where
the seas have been? What was the old Colchian magic, but the minute
study of Nature in her lowliest works? What the fable of Medea, but a
proof of the powers that may be extracted from the germ and leaf? The
most gifted of all the Priestcrafts, the mysterious sisterhoods of Cuth,
concerning whose incantations Learning vainly bewilders itself amidst
the maze of legends, sought in the meanest herbs what, perhaps, the
Babylonian Sages explored in vain amidst the loftiest stars. Tradition
yet tells you that there existed a race (“Plut. Symp.” l. 5. c. 7.) who
could slay their enemies from afar, without weapon, without movement.
The herb that ye tread on may have deadlier powers than your engineers
can give to their mightiest instruments of war. Can you guess that to
these Italian shores, to the old Circaean Promontory, came the Wise
from the farthest East, to search for plants and simples which your
Pharmacists of the Counter would fling from them as weeds? The first
herbalists--the master chemists of the world--were the tribe that
the ancient reverence called by the name of Titans. (Syncellus, page
14.--“Chemistry the Invention of the Giants.”) I remember once, by the
Hebrus, in the reign of -- But this talk,” said Zanoni, checking himself
abruptly, and with a cold smile, “serves only to waste your time and my
own.” He paused, looked steadily at Glyndon, and continued, “Young man,
think you that vague curiosity will supply the place of earnest labour?
I read your heart. You wish to know me, and not this humble herb: but
pass on; your desire cannot be satisfied.”

“You have not the politeness of your countrymen,” said Glyndon, somewhat
discomposed. “Suppose I were desirous to cultivate your acquaintance,
why should you reject my advances?”

“I reject no man’s advances,” answered Zanoni; “I must know them if they
so desire; but ME, in return, they can never comprehend. If you ask my
acquaintance, it is yours; but I would warn you to shun me.”

“And why are you, then, so dangerous?”

“On this earth, men are often, without their own agency, fated to be
dangerous to others. If I were to predict your fortune by the vain
calculations of the astrologer, I should tell you, in their despicable
jargon, that my planet sat darkly in your house of life. Cross me not,
if you can avoid it. I warn you now for the first time and last.”

“You despise the astrologers, yet you utter a jargon as mysterious as
theirs. I neither gamble nor quarrel; why, then, should I fear you?”

“As you will; I have done.”

“Let me speak frankly,--your conversation last night interested and
perplexed me.”

“I know it: minds like yours are attracted by mystery.”

Glyndon was piqued at these words, though in the tone in which they were
spoken there was no contempt.

“I see you do not consider me worthy of your friendship. Be it so.

Zanoni coldly replied to the salutation; and as the Englishman rode on,
returned to his botanical employment.

The same night, Glyndon went, as usual, to the theatre. He was standing
behind the scenes watching Viola, who was on the stage in one of her
most brilliant parts. The house resounded with applause. Glyndon was
transported with a young man’s passion and a young man’s pride: “This
glorious creature,” thought he, “may yet be mine.”

He felt, while thus wrapped in delicious reverie, a slight touch upon
his shoulder; he turned, and beheld Zanoni. “You are in danger,” said
the latter. “Do not walk home to-night; or if you do, go not alone.”

Before Glyndon recovered from his surprise, Zanoni disappeared; and when
the Englishman saw him again, he was in the box of one of the Neapolitan
nobles, where Glyndon could not follow him.

Viola now left the stage, and Glyndon accosted her with an unaccustomed
warmth of gallantry. But Viola, contrary to her gentle habit, turned
with an evident impatience from the address of her lover. Taking aside
Gionetta, who was her constant attendant at the theatre, she said, in an
earnest whisper,--

“Oh, Gionetta! He is here again!--the stranger of whom I spoke to
thee!--and again, he alone, of the whole theatre, withholds from me his

“Which is he, my darling?” said the old woman, with fondness in her
voice. “He must indeed be dull--not worth a thought.”

The actress drew Gionetta nearer to the stage, and pointed out to her a
man in one of the boxes, conspicuous amongst all else by the simplicity
of his dress, and the extraordinary beauty of his features.

“Not worth a thought, Gionetta!” repeated Viola,--“Not worth a thought!
Alas, not to think of him, seems the absence of thought itself!”

The prompter summoned the Signora Pisani. “Find out his name, Gionetta,”
 said she, moving slowly to the stage, and passing by Glyndon, who gazed
at her with a look of sorrowful reproach.

The scene on which the actress now entered was that of the final
catastrophe, wherein all her remarkable powers of voice and art were
pre-eminently called forth. The house hung on every word with breathless
worship; but the eyes of Viola sought only those of one calm and unmoved
spectator; she exerted herself as if inspired. Zanoni listened, and
observed her with an attentive gaze, but no approval escaped his lips;
no emotion changed the expression of his cold and half-disdainful
aspect. Viola, who was in the character of one who loved, but without
return, never felt so acutely the part she played. Her tears were
truthful; her passion that of nature: it was almost too terrible to
behold. She was borne from the stage exhausted and insensible, amidst
such a tempest of admiring rapture as Continental audiences alone can
raise. The crowd stood up, handkerchiefs waved, garlands and flowers
were thrown on the stage,--men wiped their eyes, and women sobbed aloud.

“By heavens!” said a Neapolitan of great rank, “She has fired me beyond
endurance. To-night--this very night--she shall be mine! You have
arranged all, Mascari?”

“All, signor. And the young Englishman?”

“The presuming barbarian! As I before told thee, let him bleed for his
folly. I will have no rival.”

“But an Englishman! There is always a search after the bodies of the

“Fool! is not the sea deep enough, or the earth secret enough, to hide
one dead man? Our ruffians are silent as the grave itself; and I!--who
would dare to suspect, to arraign the Prince di --? See to it,--this
night. I trust him to you. Robbers murder him, you understand,--the
country swarms with them; plunder and strip him, the better to favour
such report. Take three men; the rest shall be my escort.”

Mascari shrugged his shoulders, and bowed submissively.

The streets of Naples were not then so safe as now, and carriages were
both less expensive and more necessary. The vehicle which was regularly
engaged by the young actress was not to be found. Gionetta, too aware of
the beauty of her mistress and the number of her admirers to contemplate
without alarm the idea of their return on foot, communicated her
distress to Glyndon, and he besought Viola, who recovered but slowly,
to accept his own carriage. Perhaps before that night she would not
have rejected so slight a service. Now, for some reason or other, she
refused. Glyndon, offended, was retiring sullenly, when Gionetta stopped
him. “Stay, signor,” said she, coaxingly: “the dear signora is not
well,--do not be angry with her; I will make her accept your offer.”

Glyndon stayed, and after a few moments spent in expostulation on
the part of Gionetta, and resistance on that of Viola, the offer was
accepted. Gionetta and her charge entered the carriage, and Glyndon was
left at the door of the theatre to return home on foot. The mysterious
warning of Zanoni then suddenly occurred to him; he had forgotten it
in the interest of his lover’s quarrel with Viola. He thought it now
advisable to guard against danger foretold by lips so mysterious.
He looked round for some one he knew: the theatre was disgorging
its crowds; they hustled, and jostled, and pressed upon him; but he
recognised no familiar countenance. While pausing irresolute, he heard
Mervale’s voice calling on him, and, to his great relief, discovered his
friend making his way through the throng.

“I have secured you,” said he, “a place in the Count Cetoxa’s carriage.
Come along, he is waiting for us.”

“How kind in you! how did you find me out?”

“I met Zanoni in the passage,--‘Your friend is at the door of the
theatre,’ said he; ‘do not let him go home on foot to-night; the streets
of Naples are not always safe.’ I immediately remembered that some of
the Calabrian bravos had been busy within the city the last few weeks,
and suddenly meeting Cetoxa--but here he is.”

Further explanation was forbidden, for they now joined the count. As
Glyndon entered the carriage and drew up the glass, he saw four men
standing apart by the pavement, who seemed to eye him with attention.

“Cospetto!” cried one; “that is the Englishman!” Glyndon imperfectly
heard the exclamation as the carriage drove on. He reached home in

The familiar and endearing intimacy which always exists in Italy between
the nurse and the child she has reared, and which the “Romeo and Juliet”
 of Shakespeare in no way exaggerates, could not but be drawn yet closer
than usual, in a situation so friendless as that of the orphan-actress.
In all that concerned the weaknesses of the heart, Gionetta had large
experience; and when, three nights before, Viola, on returning from the
theatre, had wept bitterly, the nurse had succeeded in extracting from
her a confession that she had seen one,--not seen for two weary and
eventful years,--but never forgotten, and who, alas! had not evinced the
slightest recognition of herself. Gionetta could not comprehend all the
vague and innocent emotions that swelled this sorrow; but she resolved
them all, with her plain, blunt understanding, to the one sentiment
of love. And here, she was well fitted to sympathise and console.
Confidante to Viola’s entire and deep heart she never could be,--for
that heart never could have words for all its secrets. But such
confidence as she could obtain, she was ready to repay by the most
unreproving pity and the most ready service.

“Have you discovered who he is?” asked Viola, as she was now alone in
the carriage with Gionetta.

“Yes; he is the celebrated Signor Zanoni, about whom all the great
ladies have gone mad. They say he is so rich!--oh! so much richer than
any of the Inglesi!--not but what the Signor Glyndon--”

“Cease!” interrupted the young actress. “Zanoni! Speak of the Englishman
no more.”

The carriage was now entering that more lonely and remote part of the
city in which Viola’s house was situated, when it suddenly stopped.

Gionetta, in alarm, thrust her head out of the window, and perceived,
by the pale light of the moon, that the driver, torn from his seat, was
already pinioned in the arms of two men; the next moment the door was
opened violently, and a tall figure, masked and mantled, appeared.

“Fear not, fairest Pisani,” said he, gently; “no ill shall befall you.”
 As he spoke, he wound his arm round the form of the fair actress, and
endeavoured to lift her from the carriage. But Gionetta was no ordinary
ally,--she thrust back the assailant with a force that astonished him,
and followed the shock by a volley of the most energetic reprobation.

The mask drew back, and composed his disordered mantle.

“By the body of Bacchus!” said he, half laughing, “she is well
protected. Here, Luigi, Giovanni! seize the hag!--quick!--why loiter

The mask retired from the door, and another and yet taller form
presented itself. “Be calm, Viola Pisani,” said he, in a low voice;
“with me you are indeed safe!” He lifted his mask as he spoke, and
showed the noble features of Zanoni.

“Be calm, be hushed,--I can save you.” He vanished, leaving Viola lost
in surprise, agitation, and delight. There were, in all, nine masks:
two were engaged with the driver; one stood at the head of the
carriage-horses; a fourth guarded the well-trained steeds of the party;
three others (besides Zanoni and the one who had first accosted Viola)
stood apart by a carriage drawn to the side of the road. To these three
Zanoni motioned; they advanced; he pointed towards the first mask, who
was in fact the Prince di --, and to his unspeakable astonishment the
prince was suddenly seized from behind.

“Treason!” he cried. “Treason among my own men! What means this?”

“Place him in his carriage! If he resist, his blood be on his own head!”
 said Zanoni, calmly.

He approached the men who had detained the coachman.

“You are outnumbered and outwitted,” said he; “join your lord; you are
three men,--we six, armed to the teeth. Thank our mercy that we spare
your lives. Go!”

The men gave way, dismayed. The driver remounted.

“Cut the traces of their carriage and the bridles of their horses,” said
Zanoni, as he entered the vehicle containing Viola, which now drove on
rapidly, leaving the discomfited ravisher in a state of rage and stupor
impossible to describe.

“Allow me to explain this mystery to you,” said Zanoni. “I discovered
the plot against you,--no matter how; I frustrated it thus: The head of
this design is a nobleman, who has long persecuted you in vain. He
and two of his creatures watched you from the entrance of the theatre,
having directed six others to await him on the spot where you were
attacked; myself and five of my servants supplied their place, and were
mistaken for his own followers. I had previously ridden alone to the
spot where the men were waiting, and informed them that their master
would not require their services that night. They believed me, and
accordingly dispersed. I then joined my own band, whom I had left in the
rear; you know all. We are at your door.”


     When most I wink, then do mine eyes best see,
     For all the day they view things unrespected;
     But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,
     And, darkly bright, are bright in dark directed.

     Zanoni followed the young Neapolitan into her house; Gionetta
     vanished,--they were left alone.

Alone, in that room so often filled, in the old happy days, with the
wild melodies of Pisani; and now, as she saw this mysterious, haunting,
yet beautiful and stately stranger, standing on the very spot where
she had sat at her father’s feet, thrilled and spellbound,--she almost
thought, in her fantastic way of personifying her own airy notions,
that that spiritual Music had taken shape and life, and stood before her
glorious in the image it assumed. She was unconscious all the while of
her own loveliness. She had thrown aside her hood and veil; her hair,
somewhat disordered, fell over the ivory neck which the dress partially
displayed; and as her dark eyes swam with grateful tears, and her cheek
flushed with its late excitement, the god of light and music himself
never, amidst his Arcadian valleys, wooed, in his mortal guise, maiden
or nymph more fair.

Zanoni gazed at her with a look in which admiration seemed not unmingled
with compassion. He muttered a few words to himself, and then addressed
her aloud.

“Viola, I have saved you from a great peril; not from dishonour only,
but perhaps from death. The Prince di --, under a weak despot and a
venal administration, is a man above the law. He is capable of every
crime; but amongst his passions he has such prudence as belongs to
ambition; if you were not to reconcile yourself to your shame, you would
never enter the world again to tell your tale. The ravisher has no heart
for repentance, but he has a hand that can murder. I have saved you,
Viola. Perhaps you would ask me wherefore?” Zanoni paused, and smiled
mournfully, as he added, “You will not wrong me by the thought that he
who has preserved is not less selfish than he who would have injured.
Orphan, I do not speak to you in the language of your wooers; enough
that I know pity, and am not ungrateful for affection. Why blush, why
tremble at the word? I read your heart while I speak, and I see not
one thought that should give you shame. I say not that you love me yet;
happily, the fancy may be roused long before the heart is touched.
But it has been my fate to fascinate your eye, to influence your
imagination. It is to warn you against what could bring you but sorrow,
as I warned you once to prepare for sorrow itself, that I am now your
guest. The Englishman, Glyndon, loves thee well,--better, perhaps, than
I can ever love; if not worthy of thee, yet, he has but to know thee
more to deserve thee better. He may wed thee, he may bear thee to his
own free and happy land,--the land of thy mother’s kin. Forget me; teach
thyself to return and deserve his love; and I tell thee that thou wilt
be honoured and be happy.”

Viola listened with silent, inexpressible emotion, and burning blushes,
to this strange address, and when he had concluded, she covered her face
with her hands, and wept. And yet, much as his words were calculated to
humble or irritate, to produce indignation or excite shame, those were
not the feelings with which her eyes streamed and her heart swelled. The
woman at that moment was lost in the child; and AS a child, with all its
exacting, craving, yet innocent desire to be loved, weeps in unrebuking
sadness when its affection is thrown austerely back upon itself,--so,
without anger and without shame, wept Viola.

Zanoni contemplated her thus, as her graceful head, shadowed by its
redundant tresses, bent before him; and after a moment’s pause he drew
near to her, and said, in a voice of the most soothing sweetness, and
with a half smile upon his lip,--

“Do you remember, when I told you to struggle for the light, that I
pointed for example to the resolute and earnest tree? I did not tell
you, fair child, to take example by the moth, that would soar to the
star, but falls scorched beside the lamp. Come, I will talk to thee.
This Englishman--”

Viola drew herself away, and wept yet more passionately.

“This Englishman is of thine own years, not far above thine own rank.
Thou mayst share his thoughts in life,--thou mayst sleep beside him
in the same grave in death! And I--but THAT view of the future should
concern us not. Look into thy heart, and thou wilt see that till again
my shadow crossed thy path, there had grown up for this thine equal a
pure and calm affection that would have ripened into love. Hast thou
never pictured to thyself a home in which thy partner was thy young

“Never!” said Viola, with sudden energy,--“never but to feel that such
was not the fate ordained me. And, oh!” she continued, rising suddenly,
and, putting aside the tresses that veiled her face, she fixed her eyes
upon the questioner,--“and, oh! whoever thou art that thus wouldst read
my soul and shape my future, do not mistake the sentiment that, that--”
 she faltered an instant, and went on with downcast eyes,--“that has
fascinated my thoughts to thee. Do not think that I could nourish a love
unsought and unreturned. It is not love that I feel for thee, stranger.
Why should I? Thou hast never spoken to me but to admonish,--and now, to
wound!” Again she paused, again her voice faltered; the tears trembled
on her eyelids; she brushed them away and resumed. “No, not love,--if
that be love which I have heard and read of, and sought to simulate
on the stage,--but a more solemn, fearful, and, it seems to me, almost
preternatural attraction, which makes me associate thee, waking or
dreaming, with images that at once charm and awe. Thinkest thou, if it
were love, that I could speak to thee thus; that,” she raised her looks
suddenly to his, “mine eyes could thus search and confront thine own?
Stranger, I ask but at times to see, to hear thee! Stranger, talk not to
me of others. Forewarn, rebuke, bruise my heart, reject the not unworthy
gratitude it offers thee, if thou wilt, but come not always to me as
an omen of grief and trouble. Sometimes have I seen thee in my dreams
surrounded by shapes of glory and light; thy looks radiant with a
celestial joy which they wear not now. Stranger, thou hast saved me, and
I thank and bless thee! Is that also a homage thou wouldst reject?”
 With these words, she crossed her arms meekly on her bosom, and inclined
lowlily before him. Nor did her humility seem unwomanly or abject, nor
that of mistress to lover, of slave to master, but rather of a child to
its guardian, of a neophyte of the old religion to her priest. Zanoni’s
brow was melancholy and thoughtful. He looked at her with a strange
expression of kindness, of sorrow, yet of tender affection, in his eyes;
but his lips were stern, and his voice cold, as he replied,--

“Do you know what you ask, Viola? Do you guess the danger to
yourself--perhaps to both of us--which you court? Do you know that my
life, separated from the turbulent herd of men, is one worship of the
Beautiful, from which I seek to banish what the Beautiful inspires in
most? As a calamity, I shun what to man seems the fairest fate,--the
love of the daughters of earth. At present I can warn and save thee from
many evils; if I saw more of thee, would the power still be mine?
You understand me not. What I am about to add, it will be easier to
comprehend. I bid thee banish from thy heart all thought of me, but
as one whom the Future cries aloud to thee to avoid. Glyndon, if thou
acceptest his homage, will love thee till the tomb closes upon both. I,
too,” he added with emotion,--“I, too, might love thee!”

“You!” cried Viola, with the vehemence of a sudden impulse of delight,
of rapture, which she could not suppress; but the instant after, she
would have given worlds to recall the exclamation.

“Yes, Viola, I might love thee; but in that love what sorrow and what
change! The flower gives perfume to the rock on whose heart it grows. A
little while, and the flower is dead; but the rock still endures,--the
snow at its breast, the sunshine on its summit. Pause,--think well.
Danger besets thee yet. For some days thou shalt be safe from thy
remorseless persecutor; but the hour soon comes when thy only security
will be in flight. If the Englishman love thee worthily, thy honour will
be dear to him as his own; if not, there are yet other lands where love
will be truer, and virtue less in danger from fraud and force. Farewell;
my own destiny I cannot foresee except through cloud and shadow. I know,
at least, that we shall meet again; but learn ere then, sweet flower,
that there are more genial resting-places than the rock.”

He turned as he spoke, and gained the outer door where Gionetta
discreetly stood. Zanoni lightly laid his hand on her arm. With the gay
accent of a jesting cavalier, he said,--

“The Signor Glyndon woos your mistress; he may wed her. I know your love
for her. Disabuse her of any caprice for me. I am a bird ever on the

He dropped a purse into Gionetta’s hand as he spoke, and was gone.


     Les Intelligences Celestes se font voir, et see communiquent plus
     volontiers, dans le silence et dans la tranquillite de la
     solitude.  On aura donc une petite chambre ou un cabinet secret,

     “Les Clavicules de Rabbi Salomon,” chapter 3; traduites
     exactement du texte Hebreu par M. Pierre Morissoneau, Professeur
     des Langues Orientales, et Sectateur de la Philosophie des Sages
     Cabalistes.  (Manuscript Translation.)

     (The Celestial Intelligences exhibit and explain themselves most
     freely in silence and the tranquillity of solitude.  One will
     have then a little chamber, or a secret cabinet, etc.)

The palace retained by Zanoni was in one of the less frequented quarters
of the city. It still stands, now ruined and dismantled, a monument of
the splendour of a chivalry long since vanished from Naples, with the
lordly races of the Norman and the Spaniard.

As he entered the rooms reserved for his private hours, two Indians, in
the dress of their country, received him at the threshold with the grave
salutations of the East. They had accompanied him from the far lands in
which, according to rumour, he had for many years fixed his home.
But they could communicate nothing to gratify curiosity or justify
suspicion. They spoke no language but their own. With the exception of
these two his princely retinue was composed of the native hirelings of
the city, whom his lavish but imperious generosity made the implicit
creatures of his will. In his house, and in his habits, so far as they
were seen, there was nothing to account for the rumours which were
circulated abroad. He was not, as we are told of Albertus Magnus or the
great Leonardo da Vinci, served by airy forms; and no brazen image, the
invention of magic mechanism, communicated to him the influences of
the stars. None of the apparatus of the alchemist--the crucible and the
metals--gave solemnity to his chambers, or accounted for his wealth;
nor did he even seem to interest himself in those serener studies which
might be supposed to colour his peculiar conversation with abstract
notions, and often with recondite learning. No books spoke to him in his
solitude; and if ever he had drawn from them his knowledge, it seemed
now that the only page he read was the wide one of Nature, and that
a capacious and startling memory supplied the rest. Yet was there one
exception to what in all else seemed customary and commonplace, and
which, according to the authority we have prefixed to this chapter,
might indicate the follower of the occult sciences. Whether at Rome or
Naples, or, in fact, wherever his abode, he selected one room remote
from the rest of the house, which was fastened by a lock scarcely larger
than the seal of a ring, yet which sufficed to baffle the most cunning
instruments of the locksmith: at least, one of his servants, prompted by
irresistible curiosity, had made the attempt in vain; and though he had
fancied it was tried in the most favourable time for secrecy,--not a
soul near, in the dead of night, Zanoni himself absent from home,--yet
his superstition, or his conscience, told him the reason why the next
day the Major Domo quietly dismissed him. He compensated himself for
this misfortune by spreading his own story, with a thousand amusing
exaggerations. He declared that, as he approached the door, invisible
hands seemed to pluck him away; and that when he touched the lock, he
was struck, as by a palsy, to the ground. One surgeon, who heard the
tale, observed, to the distaste of the wonder-mongers, that possibly
Zanoni made a dexterous use of electricity. Howbeit, this room, once so
secured, was never entered save by Zanoni himself.

The solemn voice of Time, from the neighbouring church at last aroused
the lord of the palace from the deep and motionless reverie, rather
resembling a trance than thought, in which his mind was absorbed.

“It is one more sand out of the mighty hour-glass,” said he,
murmuringly, “and yet time neither adds to, nor steals from, an atom in
the Infinite! Soul of mine, the luminous, the Augoeides (Augoeides,--a
word favoured by the mystical Platonists, sphaira psuches augoeides,
otan mete ekteinetai epi ti, mete eso suntreche mete sunizane, alla
photi lampetai, o ten aletheian opa ten panton, kai ten en aute.--Marc.
Ant., lib. 2.--The sense of which beautiful sentence of the old
philosophy, which, as Bayle well observes, in his article on Cornelius
Agrippa, the modern Quietists have (however impotently) sought to
imitate, is to the effect that ‘the sphere of the soul is luminous when
nothing external has contact with the soul itself; but when lit by its
own light, it sees the truth of all things and the truth centred in
itself.’), why descendest thou from thy sphere,--why from the eternal,
starlike, and passionless Serene, shrinkest thou back to the mists of
the dark sarcophagus? How long, too austerely taught that companionship
with the things that die brings with it but sorrow in its sweetness,
hast thou dwelt contented with thy majestic solitude?”

As he thus murmured, one of the earliest birds that salute the dawn
broke into sudden song from amidst the orange-trees in the garden below
his casement; and as suddenly, song answered song; the mate, awakened at
the note, gave back its happy answer to the bird. He listened; and not
the soul he had questioned, but the heart replied. He rose, and with
restless strides paced the narrow floor. “Away from this world!” he
exclaimed at length, with an impatient tone. “Can no time loosen its
fatal ties? As the attraction that holds the earth in space, is the
attraction that fixes the soul to earth. Away from the dark grey planet!
Break, ye fetters: arise, ye wings!”

He passed through the silent galleries, and up the lofty stairs, and
entered the secret chamber....


     I and my fellows
     Are ministers of Fate.
     --“The Tempest.”

The next day Glyndon bent his steps towards Zanoni’s palace. The young
man’s imagination, naturally inflammable, was singularly excited by the
little he had seen and heard of this strange being,--a spell, he could
neither master nor account for, attracted him towards the stranger.
Zanoni’s power seemed mysterious and great, his motives kindly and
benevolent, yet his manners chilling and repellent. Why at one moment
reject Glyndon’s acquaintance, at another save him from danger? How
had Zanoni thus acquired the knowledge of enemies unknown to Glyndon
himself? His interest was deeply roused, his gratitude appealed to; he
resolved to make another effort to conciliate the ungracious herbalist.

The signor was at home, and Glyndon was admitted into a lofty saloon,
where in a few moments Zanoni joined him.

“I am come to thank you for your warning last night,” said he, “and to
entreat you to complete my obligation by informing me of the quarter to
which I may look for enmity and peril.”

“You are a gallant,” said Zanoni, with a smile, and in the English
language, “and do you know so little of the South as not to be aware
that gallants have always rivals?”

“Are you serious?” said Glyndon, colouring.

“Most serious. You love Viola Pisani; you have for rival one of the most
powerful and relentless of the Neapolitan princes. Your danger is indeed

“But pardon me!--how came it known to you?”

“I give no account of myself to mortal man,” replied Zanoni, haughtily;
“and to me it matters nothing whether you regard or scorn my warning.”

“Well, if I may not question you, be it so; but at least advise me what
to do.”

“Would you follow my advice?”

“Why not?”

“Because you are constitutionally brave; you are fond of excitement and
mystery; you like to be the hero of a romance. Were I to advise you to
leave Naples, would you do so while Naples contains a foe to confront or
a mistress to pursue?”

“You are right,” said the young Englishman, with energy. “No! and you
cannot reproach me for such a resolution.”

“But there is another course left to you: do you love Viola Pisani truly
and fervently?--if so, marry her, and take a bride to your native land.”

“Nay,” answered Glyndon, embarrassed; “Viola is not of my rank. Her
profession, too, is--in short, I am enslaved by her beauty, but I cannot
wed her.”

Zanoni frowned.

“Your love, then, is but selfish lust, and I advise you to your own
happiness no more. Young man, Destiny is less inexorable than it
appears. The resources of the great Ruler of the Universe are not so
scanty and so stern as to deny to men the divine privilege of Free
Will; all of us can carve out our own way, and God can make our very
contradictions harmonise with His solemn ends. You have before you
an option. Honourable and generous love may even now work out your
happiness, and effect your escape; a frantic and selfish passion will
but lead you to misery and doom.”

“Do you pretend, then, to read the future?”

“I have said all that it pleases me to utter.”

“While you assume the moralist to me, Signor Zanoni,” said Glyndon, with
a smile, “are you yourself so indifferent to youth and beauty as to act
the stoic to its allurements?”

“If it were necessary that practice square with precept,” said Zanoni,
with a bitter smile, “our monitors would be but few. The conduct of the
individual can affect but a small circle beyond himself; the permanent
good or evil that he works to others lies rather in the sentiments he
can diffuse. His acts are limited and momentary; his sentiments may
pervade the universe, and inspire generations till the day of doom. All
our virtues, all our laws, are drawn from books and maxims, which ARE
sentiments, not from deeds. In conduct, Julian had the virtues of a
Christian, and Constantine the vices of a Pagan. The sentiments of
Julian reconverted thousands to Paganism; those of Constantine helped,
under Heaven’s will, to bow to Christianity the nations of the earth.
In conduct, the humblest fisherman on yonder sea, who believes in
the miracles of San Gennaro, may be a better man than Luther; to the
sentiments of Luther the mind of modern Europe is indebted for the
noblest revolution it has known. Our opinions, young Englishman, are the
angel part of us; our acts, the earthly.”

“You have reflected deeply for an Italian,” said Glyndon.

“Who told you that I was an Italian?”

“Are you not? And yet, when I hear you speak my own language as a
native, I--”

“Tush!” interrupted Zanoni, impatiently turning away. Then, after a
pause, he resumed in a mild voice, “Glyndon, do you renounce Viola
Pisani? Will you take some days to consider what I have said?”

“Renounce her,--never!”

“Then you will marry her?”


“Be it so; she will then renounce you. I tell you that you have rivals.”

“Yes; the Prince di --; but I do not fear him.”

“You have another whom you will fear more.”

“And who is he?”


Glyndon turned pale, and started from his seat.

“You, Signor Zanoni!--you,--and you dare to tell me so?”

“Dare! Alas! there are times when I wish that I could fear.”

These arrogant words were not uttered arrogantly, but in a tone of the
most mournful dejection. Glyndon was enraged, confounded, and yet
awed. However, he had a brave English heart within his breast, and he
recovered himself quickly.

“Signor,” said he, calmly, “I am not to be duped by these solemn phrases
and these mystical assumptions. You may have powers which I cannot
comprehend or emulate, or you may be but a keen imposter.”

“Well, proceed!”

“I mean, then,” continued Glyndon, resolutely, though somewhat
disconcerted,--“I mean you to understand, that, though I am not to be
persuaded or compelled by a stranger to marry Viola Pisani, I am not the
less determined never tamely to yield her to another.”

Zanoni looked gravely at the young man, whose sparkling eyes and
heightened colour testified the spirit to support his words, and
replied, “So bold! well; it becomes you. But take my advice; wait yet
nine days, and tell me then if you will marry the fairest and the purest
creature that ever crossed your path.”

“But if you love her, why--why--”

“Why am I anxious that she should wed another?--to save her from myself!
Listen to me. That girl, humble and uneducated though she be, has in her
the seeds of the most lofty qualities and virtues. She can be all to the
man she loves,--all that man can desire in wife. Her soul, developed by
affection, will elevate your own; it will influence your fortunes, exalt
your destiny; you will become a great and a prosperous man. If, on the
contrary, she fall to me, I know not what may be her lot; but I know
that there is an ordeal which few can pass, and which hitherto no woman
has survived.”

As Zanoni spoke, his face became colourless, and there was something in
his voice that froze the warm blood of the listener.

“What is this mystery which surrounds you?” exclaimed Glyndon, unable to
repress his emotion. “Are you, in truth, different from other men? Have
you passed the boundary of lawful knowledge? Are you, as some declare, a
sorcerer, or only a--”

“Hush!” interrupted Zanoni, gently, and with a smile of singular
but melancholy sweetness; “have you earned the right to ask me these
questions? Though Italy still boast an Inquisition, its power is
rivelled as a leaf which the first wind shall scatter. The days of
torture and persecution are over; and a man may live as he pleases, and
talk as it suits him, without fear of the stake and the rack. Since I
can defy persecution, pardon me if I do not yield to curiosity.”

Glyndon blushed, and rose. In spite of his love for Viola, and his
natural terror of such a rival, he felt himself irresistibly drawn
towards the very man he had most cause to suspect and dread. He held
out his hand to Zanoni, saying, “Well, then, if we are to be rivals, our
swords must settle our rights; till then I would fain be friends.”

“Friends! You know not what you ask.”

“Enigmas again!”

“Enigmas!” cried Zanoni, passionately; “ay! can you dare to solve them?
Not till then could I give you my right hand, and call you friend.”

“I could dare everything and all things for the attainment of superhuman
wisdom,” said Glyndon, and his countenance was lighted up with wild and
intense enthusiasm.

Zanoni observed him in thoughtful silence.

“The seeds of the ancestor live in the son,” he muttered; “he
may--yet--” He broke off abruptly; then, speaking aloud, “Go, Glyndon,”
 said he; “we shall meet again, but I will not ask your answer till the
hour presses for decision.”


     ‘Tis certain that this man has an estate of fifty thousand
     livres, and seems to be a person of very great accomplishments.
     But, then, if he’s a wizard, are wizards so devoutly given as
     this man seems to be?  In short, I could make neither head nor
     tail on’t

     --The Count de Gabalis, Translation affixed to the
     second edition of the “Rape of the Lock.”

Of all the weaknesses which little men rail against, there is none that
they are more apt to ridicule than the tendency to believe. And of
all the signs of a corrupt heart and a feeble head, the tendency of
incredulity is the surest.

Real philosophy seeks rather to solve than to deny. While we hear, every
day, the small pretenders to science talk of the absurdities of alchemy
and the dream of the Philosopher’s Stone, a more erudite knowledge is
aware that by alchemists the greatest discoveries in science have been
made, and much which still seems abstruse, had we the key to the mystic
phraseology they were compelled to adopt, might open the way to yet
more noble acquisitions. The Philosopher’s Stone itself has seemed no
visionary chimera to some of the soundest chemists that even the present
century has produced. (Mr. Disraeli, in his “Curiosities of Literature”
 (article “Alchem”), after quoting the sanguine judgments of modern
chemists as to the transmutation of metals, observes of one yet greater
and more recent than those to which Glyndon’s thoughts could have
referred, “Sir Humphry Davy told me that he did not consider this
undiscovered art as impossible; but should it ever be discovered, it
would certainly be useless.”) Man cannot contradict the Laws of Nature.
But are all the laws of Nature yet discovered?

“Give me a proof of your art,” says the rational inquirer. “When I have
seen the effect, I will endeavour, with you, to ascertain the causes.”

Somewhat to the above effect were the first thoughts of Clarence Glyndon
on quitting Zanoni. But Clarence Glyndon was no “rational inquirer.” The
more vague and mysterious the language of Zanoni, the more it imposed
upon him. A proof would have been something tangible, with which he
would have sought to grapple. And it would have only disappointed his
curiosity to find the supernatural reduced to Nature. He endeavoured in
vain, at some moments rousing himself from credulity to the scepticism
he deprecated, to reconcile what he had heard with the probable motives
and designs of an imposter. Unlike Mesmer and Cagliostro, Zanoni,
whatever his pretensions, did not make them a source of profit; nor was
Glyndon’s position or rank in life sufficient to render any influence
obtained over his mind, subservient to schemes, whether of avarice or
ambition. Yet, ever and anon, with the suspicion of worldly knowledge,
he strove to persuade himself that Zanoni had at least some sinister
object in inducing him to what his English pride and manner of thought
considered a derogatory marriage with the poor actress. Might not Viola
and the Mystic be in league with each other? Might not all this jargon
of prophecy and menace be but artifices to dupe him?

He felt an unjust resentment towards Viola at having secured such an
ally. But with that resentment was mingled a natural jealousy. Zanoni
threatened him with rivalry. Zanoni, who, whatever his character or his
arts, possessed at least all the external attributes that dazzle and
command. Impatient of his own doubts, he plunged into the society of
such acquaintances as he had made at Naples--chiefly artists, like
himself, men of letters, and the rich commercialists, who were already
vying with the splendour, though debarred from the privileges, of the
nobles. From these he heard much of Zanoni, already with them, as with
the idler classes, an object of curiosity and speculation.

He had noticed, as a thing remarkable, that Zanoni had conversed with
him in English, and with a command of the language so complete that he
might have passed for a native. On the other hand, in Italian, Zanoni
was equally at ease. Glyndon found that it was the same in languages
less usually learned by foreigners. A painter from Sweden, who had
conversed with him, was positive that he was a Swede; and a merchant
from Constantinople, who had sold some of his goods to Zanoni, professed
his conviction that none but a Turk, or at least a native of the East,
could have so thoroughly mastered the soft Oriental intonations. Yet
in all these languages, when they came to compare their several
recollections, there was a slight, scarce perceptible distinction, not
in pronunciation, nor even accent, but in the key and chime, as it were,
of the voice, between himself and a native. This faculty was one which
Glyndon called to mind, that sect, whose tenets and powers have never
been more than most partially explored, the Rosicrucians, especially
arrogated. He remembered to have heard in Germany of the work of John
Bringeret (Printed in 1615.), asserting that all the languages of the
earth were known to the genuine Brotherhood of the Rosy Cross. Did
Zanoni belong to this mystical Fraternity, who, in an earlier age,
boasted of secrets of which the Philosopher’s Stone was but the least;
who considered themselves the heirs of all that the Chaldeans, the Magi,
the Gymnosophists, and the Platonists had taught; and who differed from
all the darker Sons of Magic in the virtue of their lives, the purity of
their doctrines, and their insisting, as the foundation of all wisdom,
on the subjugation of the senses, and the intensity of Religious
Faith?--a glorious sect, if they lied not! And, in truth, if Zanoni
had powers beyond the race of worldly sages, they seemed not unworthily
exercised. The little known of his life was in his favour. Some acts,
not of indiscriminate, but judicious generosity and beneficence, were
recorded; in repeating which, still, however, the narrators shook their
heads, and expressed surprise how a stranger should have possessed so
minute a knowledge of the quiet and obscure distresses he had relieved.
Two or three sick persons, when abandoned by their physicians, he had
visited, and conferred with alone. They had recovered: they ascribed to
him their recovery; yet they could not tell by what medicines they had
been healed. They could only depose that he came, conversed with them,
and they were cured; it usually, however, happened that a deep sleep had
preceded the recovery.

Another circumstance was also beginning to be remarked, and spoke yet
more in his commendation. Those with whom he principally associated--the
gay, the dissipated, the thoughtless, the sinners and publicans of the
more polished world--all appeared rapidly, yet insensibly to themselves,
to awaken to purer thoughts and more regulated lives. Even Cetoxa, the
prince of gallants, duellists, and gamesters, was no longer the same man
since the night of the singular events which he had related to
Glyndon. The first trace of his reform was in his retirement from the
gaming-houses; the next was his reconciliation with an hereditary enemy
of his house, whom it had been his constant object for the last six
years to entangle in such a quarrel as might call forth his inimitable
manoeuvre of the stoccata. Nor when Cetoxa and his young companions were
heard to speak of Zanoni, did it seem that this change had been brought
about by any sober lectures or admonitions. They all described Zanoni as
a man keenly alive to enjoyment: of manners the reverse of formal,--not
precisely gay, but equable, serene, and cheerful; ever ready to listen
to the talk of others, however idle, or to charm all ears with an
inexhaustible fund of brilliant anecdote and worldly experience. All
manners, all nations, all grades of men, seemed familiar to him. He was
reserved only if allusion were ever ventured to his birth or history.

The more general opinion of his origin certainly seemed the more
plausible. His riches, his familiarity with the languages of the East,
his residence in India, a certain gravity which never deserted his most
cheerful and familiar hours, the lustrous darkness of his eyes and hair,
and even the peculiarities of his shape, in the delicate smallness of
the hands, and the Arab-like turn of the stately head, appeared to fix
him as belonging to one at least of the Oriental races. And a dabbler
in the Eastern tongues even sought to reduce the simple name of Zanoni,
which a century before had been borne by an inoffensive naturalist of
Bologna (The author of two works on botany and rare plants.), to the
radicals of the extinct language. Zan was unquestionably the Chaldean
appellation for the sun. Even the Greeks, who mutilated every Oriental
name, had retained the right one in this case, as the Cretan inscription
on the tomb of Zeus (Ode megas keitai Zan.--“Cyril contra Julian.” (Here
lies great Jove.)) significantly showed. As to the rest, the Zan, or
Zaun, was, with the Sidonians, no uncommon prefix to On. Adonis was but
another name for Zanonas, whose worship in Sidon Hesychius records. To
this profound and unanswerable derivation Mervale listened with great
attention, and observed that he now ventured to announce an erudite
discovery he himself had long since made,--namely, that the numerous
family of Smiths in England were undoubtedly the ancient priests of the
Phrygian Apollo. “For,” said he, “was not Apollo’s surname, in
Phrygia, Smintheus? How clear all the ensuing corruptions of the august
name,--Smintheus, Smitheus, Smithe, Smith! And even now, I may remark
that the more ancient branches of that illustrious family, unconsciously
anxious to approximate at least by a letter nearer to the true title,
take a pious pleasure in writing their names Smith_e_!”

The philologist was much struck with this discovery, and begged
Mervale’s permission to note it down as an illustration suitable to a
work he was about to publish on the origin of languages, to be called
“Babel,” and published in three quartos by subscription.


     Learn to be poor in spirit, my son, if you would penetrate that
     sacred night which environs truth.  Learn of the Sages to allow
     to the Devils no power in Nature, since the fatal stone has shut
     ‘em up in the depth of the abyss.  Learn of the Philosophers
     always to look for natural causes in all extraordinary events;
     and when such natural causes are wanting, recur to God.--The
     Count de Gabalis.

All these additions to his knowledge of Zanoni, picked up in the various
lounging-places and resorts that he frequented, were unsatisfactory to
Glyndon. That night Viola did not perform at the theatre; and the next
day, still disturbed by bewildered fancies, and averse to the sober and
sarcastic companionship of Mervale, Glyndon sauntered musingly into the
public gardens, and paused under the very tree under which he had
first heard the voice that had exercised upon his mind so singular an
influence. The gardens were deserted. He threw himself on one of the
seats placed beneath the shade; and again, in the midst of his reverie,
the same cold shudder came over him which Zanoni had so distinctly
defined, and to which he had ascribed so extraordinary a cause.

He roused himself with a sudden effort, and started to see, seated next
him, a figure hideous enough to have personated one of the malignant
beings of whom Zanoni had spoken. It was a small man, dressed in a
fashion strikingly at variance with the elaborate costume of the day:
an affectation of homeliness and poverty approaching to squalor, in
the loose trousers, coarse as a ship’s sail; in the rough jacket, which
appeared rent wilfully into holes; and the black, ragged, tangled locks
that streamed from their confinement under a woollen cap, accorded but
ill with other details which spoke of comparative wealth. The shirt,
open at the throat, was fastened by a brooch of gaudy stones; and two
pendent massive gold chains announced the foppery of two watches.

The man’s figure, if not absolutely deformed, was yet marvellously
ill-favoured; his shoulders high and square; his chest flattened, as if
crushed in; his gloveless hands were knotted at the joints, and, large,
bony, and muscular, dangled from lean, emaciated wrists, as if not
belonging to them. His features had the painful distortion sometimes
seen in the countenance of a cripple,--large, exaggerated, with the nose
nearly touching the chin; the eyes small, but glowing with a cunning
fire as they dwelt on Glyndon; and the mouth was twisted into a grin
that displayed rows of jagged, black, broken teeth. Yet over this
frightful face there still played a kind of disagreeable intelligence,
an expression at once astute and bold; and as Glyndon, recovering from
the first impression, looked again at his neighbour, he blushed at his
own dismay, and recognised a French artist, with whom he had formed an
acquaintance, and who was possessed of no inconsiderable talents in his

Indeed, it was to be remarked that this creature, whose externals were
so deserted by the Graces, particularly delighted in designs aspiring to
majesty and grandeur. Though his colouring was hard and shallow, as
was that generally of the French school at the time, his DRAWINGS were
admirable for symmetry, simple elegance, and classic vigour; at the same
time they unquestionably wanted ideal grace. He was fond of selecting
subjects from Roman history, rather than from the copious world of
Grecian beauty, or those still more sublime stories of scriptural record
from which Raphael and Michael Angelo borrowed their inspirations. His
grandeur was that not of gods and saints, but mortals. His delineation
of beauty was that which the eye cannot blame and the soul does
not acknowledge. In a word, as it was said of Dionysius, he was an
Anthropographos, or Painter of Men. It was also a notable contradiction
in this person, who was addicted to the most extravagant excesses in
every passion, whether of hate or love, implacable in revenge, and
insatiable in debauch, that he was in the habit of uttering the most
beautiful sentiments of exalted purity and genial philanthropy. The
world was not good enough for him; he was, to use the expressive German
phrase, A WORLD-BETTERER! Nevertheless, his sarcastic lip often seemed
to mock the sentiments he uttered, as if it sought to insinuate that he
was above even the world he would construct.

Finally, this painter was in close correspondence with the Republicans
of Paris, and was held to be one of those missionaries whom, from the
earliest period of the Revolution, the regenerators of mankind were
pleased to despatch to the various states yet shackled, whether by
actual tyranny or wholesome laws. Certainly, as the historian of Italy
(Botta.) has observed, there was no city in Italy where these new
doctrines would be received with greater favour than Naples, partly from
the lively temper of the people, principally because the most hateful
feudal privileges, however partially curtailed some years before by the
great minister, Tanuccini, still presented so many daily and practical
evils as to make change wear a more substantial charm than the mere and
meretricious bloom on the cheek of the harlot, Novelty. This man, whom
I will call Jean Nicot, was, therefore, an oracle among the younger and
bolder spirits of Naples; and before Glyndon had met Zanoni, the former
had not been among the least dazzled by the eloquent aspirations of the
hideous philanthropist.

“It is so long since we have met, cher confrere,” said Nicot, drawing
his seat nearer to Glyndon’s, “that you cannot be surprised that I
see you with delight, and even take the liberty to intrude on your

“They were of no agreeable nature,” said Glyndon; “and never was
intrusion more welcome.”

“You will be charmed to hear,” said Nicot, drawing several letters
from his bosom, “that the good work proceeds with marvellous rapidity.
Mirabeau, indeed, is no more; but, mort Diable! the French people are
now a Mirabeau themselves.” With this remark, Monsieur Nicot proceeded
to read and to comment upon several animated and interesting passages in
his correspondence, in which the word virtue was introduced twenty-seven
times, and God not once. And then, warmed by the cheering prospects thus
opened to him, he began to indulge in those anticipations of the future,
the outline of which we have already seen in the eloquent extravagance
of Condorcet. All the old virtues were dethroned for a new Pantheon:
patriotism was a narrow sentiment; philanthropy was to be its successor.
No love that did not embrace all mankind, as warm for Indus and the
Pole as for the hearth of home, was worthy the breast of a generous
man. Opinion was to be free as air; and in order to make it so, it was
necessary to exterminate all those whose opinions were not the same as
Mons. Jean Nicot’s. Much of this amused, much revolted Glyndon; but when
the painter turned to dwell upon a science that all should comprehend,
and the results of which all should enjoy,--a science that, springing
from the soil of equal institutions and equal mental cultivation, should
give to all the races of men wealth without labour, and a life longer
than the Patriarchs’, without care,--then Glyndon listened with interest
and admiration, not unmixed with awe. “Observe,” said Nicot, “how much
that we now cherish as a virtue will then be rejected as meanness. Our
oppressors, for instance, preach to us of the excellence of gratitude.
Gratitude, the confession of inferiority! What so hateful to a noble
spirit as the humiliating sense of obligation? But where there is
equality there can be no means for power thus to enslave merit. The
benefactor and the client will alike cease, and--”

“And in the mean time,” said a low voice, at hand,--“in the mean time,
Jean Nicot?”

The two artists started, and Glyndon recognised Zanoni.

He gazed with a brow of unusual sternness on Nicot, who, lumped together
as he sat, looked up at him askew, and with an expression of fear and
dismay upon his distorted countenance.

Ho, ho! Messire Jean Nicot, thou who fearest neither God nor Devil, why
fearest thou the eye of a man?

“It is not the first time I have been a witness to your opinions on the
infirmity of gratitude,” said Zanoni.

Nicot suppressed an exclamation, and, after gloomily surveying Zanoni
with an eye villanous and sinister, but full of hate impotent and
unutterable, said, “I know you not,--what would you of me?”

“Your absence. Leave us!”

Nicot sprang forward a step, with hands clenched, and showing his teeth
from ear to ear, like a wild beast incensed. Zanoni stood motionless,
and smiled at him in scorn. Nicot halted abruptly, as if fixed and
fascinated by the look, shivered from head to foot, and sullenly, and
with a visible effort, as if impelled by a power not his own, turned

Glyndon’s eyes followed him in surprise.

“And what know you of this man?” said Zanoni.

“I know him as one like myself,--a follower of art.”

“Of ART! Do not so profane that glorious word. What Nature is to God,
art should be to man,--a sublime, beneficent, genial, and warm creation.
That wretch may be a PAINTER, not an ARTIST.”

“And pardon me if I ask what YOU know of one you thus disparage?”

“I know thus much, that you are beneath my care if it be necessary to
warn you against him; his own lips show the hideousness of his heart.
Why should I tell you of the crimes he has committed? He SPEAKS crime!”

“You do not seem, Signor Zanoni, to be one of the admirers of the
dawning Revolution. Perhaps you are prejudiced against the man because
you dislike the opinions?”

“What opinions?”

Glyndon paused, somewhat puzzled to define; but at length he said, “Nay,
I must wrong you; for you, of all men, I suppose, cannot discredit the
doctrine that preaches the infinite improvement of the human species.”

“You are right; the few in every age improve the many; the many now may
be as wise as the few were; but improvement is at a standstill, if you
tell me that the many now are as wise as the few ARE.”

“I comprehend you; you will not allow the law of universal equality!”

“Law! If the whole world conspired to enforce the falsehood they could
not make it LAW. Level all conditions to-day, and you only smooth away
all obstacles to tyranny to-morrow. A nation that aspires to EQUALITY
is unfit for FREEDOM. Throughout all creation, from the archangel to the
worm, from Olympus to the pebble, from the radiant and completed planet
to the nebula that hardens through ages of mist and slime into the
habitable world, the first law of Nature is inequality.”

“Harsh doctrine, if applied to states. Are the cruel disparities of life
never to be removed?”

“Disparities of the PHYSICAL life? Oh, let us hope so. But disparities
of the INTELLECTUAL and the MORAL, never! Universal equality of
intelligence, of mind, of genius, of virtue!--no teacher left to the
world! no men wiser, better than others,--were it not an impossible
condition, WHAT A HOPELESS PROSPECT FOR HUMANITY! No, while the world
lasts, the sun will gild the mountain-top before it shines upon the
plain. Diffuse all the knowledge the earth contains equally over all
mankind to-day, and some men will be wiser than the rest to-morrow. And
THIS is not a harsh, but a loving law,--the REAL law of improvement;
the wiser the few in one generation, the wiser will be the multitude the

As Zanoni thus spoke, they moved on through the smiling gardens, and the
beautiful bay lay sparkling in the noontide. A gentle breeze just cooled
the sunbeam, and stirred the ocean; and in the inexpressible clearness
of the atmosphere there was something that rejoiced the senses. The very
soul seemed to grow lighter and purer in that lucid air.

“And these men, to commence their era of improvement and equality, are
jealous even of the Creator. They would deny an intelligence,--a God!”
 said Zanoni, as if involuntarily. “Are you an artist, and, looking on
the world, can you listen to such a dogma? Between God and genius there
is a necessary link,--there is almost a correspondent language. Well
said the Pythagorean (Sextus, the Pythagorean.), ‘A good intellect is
the chorus of divinity.’”

Struck and touched with these sentiments, which he little expected to
fall from one to whom he ascribed those powers which the superstitions
of childhood ascribe to the darker agencies, Glyndon said: “And yet you
have confessed that your life, separated from that of others, is one
that man should dread to share. Is there, then, a connection between
magic and religion?”

“Magic!” And what is magic! When the traveller beholds in Persia the
ruins of palaces and temples, the ignorant inhabitants inform him they
were the work of magicians. What is beyond their own power, the vulgar
cannot comprehend to be lawfully in the power of others. But if by
magic you mean a perpetual research amongst all that is more latent and
obscure in Nature, I answer, I profess that magic, and that he who does
so comes but nearer to the fountain of all belief. Knowest thou not that
magic was taught in the schools of old? But how, and by whom? As the
last and most solemn lesson, by the Priests who ministered to the
Temple. (Psellus de Daemon (MS.)) And you, who would be a painter, is
not there a magic also in that art you would advance? Must you not,
after long study of the Beautiful that has been, seize upon new and airy
combinations of a beauty that is to be? See you not that the grander
art, whether of poet or of painter, ever seeking for the TRUE, abhors
the REAL; that you must seize Nature as her master, not lackey her as
her slave?

“You demand mastery over the past, a conception of the future. Has not
the art that is truly noble for its domain the future and the past? You
would conjure the invisible beings to your charm; and what is painting
but the fixing into substance the Invisible? Are you discontented with
this world? This world was never meant for genius! To exist, it must
create another. What magician can do more; nay, what science can do
as much? There are two avenues from the little passions and the drear
calamities of earth; both lead to heaven and away from hell,--art and
science. But art is more godlike than science; science discovers, art
creates. You have faculties that may command art; be contented with your
lot. The astronomer who catalogues the stars cannot add one atom to the
universe; the poet can call a universe from the atom; the chemist may
heal with his drugs the infirmities of the human form; the painter,
or the sculptor, fixes into everlasting youth forms divine, which
no disease can ravage, and no years impair. Renounce those wandering
fancies that lead you now to myself, and now to yon orator of the human
race; to us two, who are the antipodes of each other! Your pencil is
your wand; your canvas may raise Utopias fairer than Condorcet dreams
of. I press not yet for your decision; but what man of genius ever asked
more to cheer his path to the grave than love and glory?”

“But,” said Glyndon, fixing his eyes earnestly on Zanoni, “if there be a
power to baffle the grave itself--”

Zanoni’s brow darkened. “And were this so,” he said, after a pause,
“would it be so sweet a lot to outlive all you loved, and to recoil from
every human tie? Perhaps the fairest immortality on earth is that of a
noble name.”

“You do not answer me,--you equivocate. I have read of the long lives
far beyond the date common experience assigns to man,” persisted
Glyndon, “which some of the alchemists enjoyed. Is the golden elixir but
a fable?”

“If not, and these men discovered it, they died, because they refused to
live! There may be a mournful warning in your conjecture. Turn once more
to the easel and the canvas!”

So saying, Zanoni waved his hand, and, with downcast eyes and a slow
step, bent his way back into the city.


     The Goddess Wisdom.

     To some she is the goddess great;
     To some the milch cow of the field;
     Their care is but to calculate
     What butter she will yield.
     From Schiller.

This last conversation with Zanoni left upon the mind of Glyndon a
tranquillising and salutary effect.

From the confused mists of his fancy glittered forth again those happy,
golden schemes which part from the young ambition of art, to play in the
air, to illumine the space like rays that kindle from the sun. And with
these projects mingled also the vision of a love purer and serener than
his life yet had known. His mind went back into that fair childhood of
genius, when the forbidden fruit is not yet tasted, and we know of no
land beyond the Eden which is gladdened by an Eve. Insensibly before
him there rose the scenes of a home, with his art sufficing for all
excitement, and Viola’s love circling occupation with happiness and
content; and in the midst of these fantasies of a future that might
be at his command, he was recalled to the present by the clear, strong
voice of Mervale, the man of common-sense.

Whoever has studied the lives of persons in whom the imagination is
stronger than the will, who suspect their own knowledge of actual life,
and are aware of their facility to impressions, will have observed the
influence which a homely, vigorous, worldly understanding obtains over
such natures. It was thus with Glyndon. His friend had often extricated
him from danger, and saved him from the consequences of imprudence; and
there was something in Mervale’s voice alone that damped his enthusiasm,
and often made him yet more ashamed of noble impulses than weak conduct.
For Mervale, though a downright honest man, could not sympathise with
the extravagance of generosity any more than with that of presumption
and credulity. He walked the straight line of life, and felt an equal
contempt for the man who wandered up the hill-sides, no matter whether
to chase a butterfly, or to catch a prospect of the ocean.

“I will tell you your thoughts, Clarence,” said Mervale, laughing,
“though I am no Zanoni. I know them by the moisture of your eyes,
and the half-smile on your lips. You are musing upon that fair
perdition,--the little singer of San Carlo.”

The little singer of San Carlo! Glyndon coloured as he answered,--

“Would you speak thus of her if she were my wife?”

“No! for then any contempt I might venture to feel would be for
yourself. One may dislike the duper, but it is the dupe that one

“Are you sure that I should be the dupe in such a union? Where can I
find one so lovely and so innocent,--where one whose virtue has been
tried by such temptation? Does even a single breath of slander sully the
name of Viola Pisani?”

“I know not all the gossip of Naples, and therefore cannot answer; but I
know this, that in England no one would believe that a young Englishman,
of good fortune and respectable birth, who marries a singer from the
theatre of Naples, has not been lamentably taken in. I would save you
from a fall of position so irretrievable. Think how many mortifications
you will be subjected to; how many young men will visit at your
house,--and how many young wives will as carefully avoid it.”

“I can choose my own career, to which commonplace society is not
essential. I can owe the respect of the world to my art, and not to the
accidents of birth and fortune.”

“That is, you still persist in your second folly,--the absurd ambition
of daubing canvas. Heaven forbid I should say anything against the
laudable industry of one who follows such a profession for the sake of
subsistence; but with means and connections that will raise you in life,
why voluntarily sink into a mere artist? As an accomplishment in leisure
moments, it is all very well in its way; but as the occupation of
existence, it is a frenzy.”

“Artists have been the friends of princes.”

“Very rarely so, I fancy, in sober England. There in the great centre of
political aristocracy, what men respect is the practical, not the ideal.
Just suffer me to draw two pictures of my own. Clarence Glyndon returns
to England; he marries a lady of fortune equal to his own, of friends
and parentage that advance rational ambition. Clarence Glyndon, thus a
wealthy and respectable man, of good talents, of bustling energies then
concentrated, enters into practical life. He has a house at which he can
receive those whose acquaintance is both advantage and honour; he has
leisure which he can devote to useful studies; his reputation, built on
a solid base, grows in men’s mouths. He attaches himself to a party; he
enters political life; and new connections serve to promote his objects.
At the age of five-and-forty, what, in all probability, may Clarence
Glyndon be? Since you are ambitious I leave that question for you to
decide! Now turn to the other picture. Clarence Glyndon returns to
England with a wife who can bring him no money, unless he lets her out
on the stage; so handsome, that every one asks who she is, and every one
hears,--the celebrated singer, Pisani. Clarence Glyndon shuts himself
up to grind colours and paint pictures in the grand historical school,
which nobody buys. There is even a prejudice against him, as not having
studied in the Academy,--as being an amateur. Who is Mr. Clarence
Glyndon? Oh, the celebrated Pisani’s husband! What else? Oh, he exhibits
those large pictures! Poor man! they have merit in their way; but
Teniers and Watteau are more convenient, and almost as cheap. Clarence
Glyndon, with an easy fortune while single, has a large family which his
fortune, unaided by marriage, can just rear up to callings more plebeian
than his own. He retires into the country, to save and to paint; he
grows slovenly and discontented; ‘the world does not appreciate him,’
he says, and he runs away from the world. At the age of forty-five
what will be Clarence Glyndon? Your ambition shall decide that question

“If all men were as worldly as you,” said Glyndon, rising, “there would
never have been an artist or a poet!”

“Perhaps we should do just as well without them,” answered Mervale. “Is
it not time to think of dinner? The mullets here are remarkably fine!”


     Wollt ihr hoch auf ihren Flugeln schweben,
     Werft die Angst des Irdischen von euch!
     Fliehet aus dem engen dumpfen Leben
     In des Ideales Reich!
     “Das Ideal und das Leben.”

     Wouldst thou soar heavenward on its joyous wing?
     Cast off the earthly burden of the Real;
     High from this cramped and dungeoned being, spring
     Into the realm of the Ideal.

As some injudicious master lowers and vitiates the taste of the student
by fixing his attention to what he falsely calls the Natural, but which,
in reality, is the Commonplace, and understands not that beauty in
art is created by what Raphael so well describes,--namely, THE IDEA OF
BEAUTY IN THE PAINTER’S OWN MIND; and that in every art, whether its
plastic expression be found in words or marble, colours or sounds, the
servile imitation of Nature is the work of journeymen and tyros,--so in
conduct the man of the world vitiates and lowers the bold enthusiasm of
loftier natures by the perpetual reduction of whatever is generous and
trustful to all that is trite and coarse. A great German poet has well
defined the distinction between discretion and the larger wisdom. In the
last there is a certain rashness which the first disdains,--

“The purblind see but the receding shore, Not that to which the bold
wave wafts them o’er.”

Yet in this logic of the prudent and the worldly there is often a
reasoning unanswerable of its kind.

You must have a feeling,--a faith in whatever is self-sacrificing
and divine, whether in religion or in art, in glory or in love; or
Common-sense will reason you out of the sacrifice, and a syllogism will
debase the Divine to an article in the market.

Every true critic in art, from Aristotle and Pliny, from Winkelman and
Vasari to Reynolds and Fuseli, has sought to instruct the painter that
Nature is not to be copied, but EXALTED; that the loftiest order of art,
selecting only the loftiest combinations, is the perpetual struggle of
Humanity to approach the gods. The great painter, as the great author,
embodies what is POSSIBLE to MAN, it is true, but what is not COMMON
to MANKIND. There is truth in Hamlet; in Macbeth, and his witches; in
Desdemona; in Othello; in Prospero, and in Caliban; there is truth in
the cartoons of Raphael; there is truth in the Apollo, the Antinous,
and the Laocoon. But you do not meet the originals of the words, the
cartoons, or the marble, in Oxford Street or St. James’s. All these, to
return to Raphael, are the creatures of the idea in the artist’s mind.
This idea is not inborn, it has come from an intense study. But that
study has been of the ideal that can be raised from the positive and
the actual into grandeur and beauty. The commonest model becomes full of
exquisite suggestions to him who has formed this idea; a Venus of flesh
and blood would be vulgarised by the imitation of him who has not.

When asked where he got his models, Guido summoned a common porter from
his calling, and drew from a mean original a head of surpassing beauty.
It resembled the porter, but idealised the porter to the hero. It was
true, but it was not real. There are critics who will tell you that the
Boor of Teniers is more true to Nature than the Porter of Guido! The
commonplace public scarcely understand the idealising principle, even in
art; for high art is an acquired taste.

But to come to my comparison. Still less is the kindred principle
comprehended in conduct. And the advice of worldly prudence would as
often deter from the risks of virtue as from the punishments of vice;
yet in conduct, as in art, there is an idea of the great and beautiful,
by which men should exalt the hackneyed and the trite of life. Now
Glyndon felt the sober prudence of Mervale’s reasonings; he recoiled
from the probable picture placed before him, in his devotion to the one
master-talent he possessed, and the one master-passion that, rightly
directed, might purify his whole being as a strong wind purifies the

But though he could not bring himself to decide in the teeth of so
rational a judgment, neither could he resolve at once to abandon the
pursuit of Viola. Fearful of being influenced by Zanoni’s counsels and
his own heart, he had for the last two days shunned an interview with
the young actress. But after a night following his last conversation
with Zanoni, and that we have just recorded with Mervale,--a night
coloured by dreams so distinct as to seem prophetic, dreams that
appeared so to shape his future according to the hints of Zanoni that he
could have fancied Zanoni himself had sent them from the house of sleep
to haunt his pillow,--he resolved once more to seek Viola; and though
without a definite or distinct object, he yielded himself up to the
impulse of his heart.


     O sollecito dubbio e fredda tema
     Che pensando l’accresci.
     Tasso, Canzone vi.

     (O anxious doubt and chilling fear that grows by thinking.)

She was seated outside her door,--the young actress! The sea before her
in that heavenly bay seemed literally to sleep in the arms of the shore;
while, to the right, not far off, rose the dark and tangled crags to
which the traveller of to-day is duly brought to gaze on the tomb of
Virgil, or compare with the cavern of Posilipo the archway of Highgate
Hill. There were a few fisherman loitering by the cliffs, on which their
nets were hung to dry; and at a distance the sound of some rustic pipe
(more common at that day than at this), mingled now and then with the
bells of the lazy mules, broke the voluptuous silence,--the silence of
declining noon on the shores of Naples; never, till you have enjoyed it,
never, till you have felt its enervating but delicious charm, believe
that you can comprehend all the meaning of the Dolce far niente (The
pleasure of doing nothing.); and when that luxury has been known, when
you have breathed that atmosphere of fairy-land, then you will no longer
wonder why the heart ripens into fruit so sudden and so rich beneath the
rosy skies and the glorious sunshine of the South.

The eyes of the actress were fixed on the broad blue deep beyond. In the
unwonted negligence of her dress might be traced the abstraction of her
mind. Her beautiful hair was gathered up loosely, and partially bandaged
by a kerchief whose purple colour served to deepen the golden hue of her
tresses. A stray curl escaped and fell down the graceful neck. A loose
morning-robe, girded by a sash, left the breeze. That came ever and anon
from the sea, to die upon the bust half disclosed; and the tiny slipper,
that Cinderella might have worn, seemed a world too wide for the tiny
foot which it scarcely covered. It might be the heat of the day that
deepened the soft bloom of the cheeks, and gave an unwonted languor to
the large, dark eyes. In all the pomp of her stage attire,--in all the
flush of excitement before the intoxicating lamps,--never had Viola
looked so lovely.

By the side of the actress, and filling up the threshold,--stood
Gionetta, with her arms thrust to the elbow in two huge pockets on
either side of her gown.

“But I assure you,” said the nurse, in that sharp, quick, ear-splitting
tone in which the old women of the South are more than a match for those
of the North,--“but I assure you, my darling, that there is not a finer
cavalier in all Naples, nor a more beautiful, than this Inglese; and I
am told that all these Inglesi are much richer than they seem. Though
they have no trees in their country, poor people! and instead of
twenty-four they have only twelve hours to the day, yet I hear that they
shoe their horses with scudi; and since they cannot (the poor heretics!)
turn grapes into wine, for they have no grapes, they turn gold into
physic, and take a glass or two of pistoles whenever they are troubled
with the colic. But you don’t hear me, little pupil of my eyes,--you
don’t hear me!”

“And these things are whispered of Zanoni!” said Viola, half to herself,
and unheeding Gionetta’s eulogies on Glyndon and the English.

“Blessed Maria! do not talk of this terrible Zanoni. You may be sure
that his beautiful face, like his yet more beautiful pistoles, is
only witchcraft. I look at the money he gave me the other night, every
quarter of an hour, to see whether it has not turned into pebbles.”

“Do you then really believe,” said Viola, with timid earnestness, “that
sorcery still exists?”

“Believe! Do I believe in the blessed San Gennaro? How do you think he
cured old Filippo the fisherman, when the doctor gave him up? How do you
think he has managed himself to live at least these three hundred years?
How do you think he fascinates every one to his bidding with a look, as
the vampires do?”

“Ah, is this only witchcraft? It is like it,--it must be!” murmured
Viola, turning very pale. Gionetta herself was scarcely more
superstitious than the daughter of the musician. And her very innocence,
chilled at the strangeness of virgin passion, might well ascribe to
magic what hearts more experienced would have resolved to love.

“And then, why has this great Prince di -- been so terrified by him? Why
has he ceased to persecute us? Why has he been so quiet and still? Is
there no sorcery in all that?”

“Think you, then,” said Viola, with sweet inconsistency, “that I owe
that happiness and safety to his protection? Oh, let me so believe! Be
silent, Gionetta! Why have I only thee and my own terrors to consult?
O beautiful sun!” and the girl pressed her hand to her heart with wild
energy; “thou lightest every spot but this. Go, Gionetta! leave me
alone,--leave me!”

“And indeed it is time I should leave you; for the polenta will be
spoiled, and you have eat nothing all day. If you don’t eat you will
lose your beauty, my darling, and then nobody will care for you. Nobody
cares for us when we grow ugly,--I know that; and then you must, like
old Gionetta, get some Viola of your own to spoil. I’ll go and see to
the polenta.”

“Since I have known this man,” said the girl, half aloud,--“since his
dark eyes have haunted me, I am no longer the same. I long to escape
from myself,--to glide with the sunbeam over the hill-tops; to become
something that is not of earth. Phantoms float before me at night; and
a fluttering, like the wing of a bird, within my heart, seems as if the
spirit were terrified, and would break its cage.”

While murmuring these incoherent rhapsodies, a step that she did not
hear approached the actress, and a light hand touched her arm.


She turned, and saw Glyndon. The sight of his fair young face calmed her
at once. His presence gave her pleasure.

“Viola,” said the Englishman, taking her hand, and drawing her again
to the bench from which she had risen, as he seated himself beside her,
“you shall hear me speak! You must know already that I love thee! It has
not been pity or admiration alone that has led me ever and ever to thy
dear side; reasons there may have been why I have not spoken, save by
my eyes, before; but this day--I know not how it is--I feel a more
sustained and settled courage to address thee, and learn the happiest or
the worst. I have rivals, I know,--rivals who are more powerful than the
poor artist; are they also more favoured?”

Viola blushed faintly; but her countenance was grave and distressed.
Looking down, and marking some hieroglyphical figures in the dust with
the point of her slipper, she said, with some hesitation, and a vain
attempt to be gay, “Signor, whoever wastes his thoughts on an actress
must submit to have rivals. It is our unhappy destiny not to be sacred
even to ourselves.”

“But you do not love this destiny, glittering though it seem; your heart
is not in the vocation which your gifts adorn.”

“Ah, no!” said the actress, her eyes filling with tears. “Once I loved
to be the priestess of song and music; now I feel only that it is a
miserable lot to be slave to a multitude.”

“Fly, then, with me,” said the artist, passionately; “quit forever the
calling that divides that heart I would have all my own. Share my fate
now and forever,--my pride, my delight, my ideal! Thou shalt inspire my
canvas and my song; thy beauty shall be made at once holy and renowned.
In the galleries of princes, crowds shall gather round the effigy of a
Venus or a Saint, and a whisper shall break forth, ‘It is Viola Pisani!’
Ah! Viola, I adore thee; tell me that I do not worship in vain.”

“Thou art good and fair,” said Viola, gazing on her lover, as he pressed
nearer to her, and clasped her hand in his; “but what should I give thee
in return?”

“Love, love,--only love!”

“A sister’s love?”

“Ah, speak not with such cruel coldness!”

“It is all I have for thee. Listen to me, signor: when I look on your
face, when I hear your voice, a certain serene and tranquil calm creeps
over and lulls thoughts,--oh, how feverish, how wild! When thou art
gone, the day seems a shade more dark; but the shadow soon flies. I
miss thee not; I think not of thee: no, I love thee not; and I will give
myself only where I love.”

“But I would teach thee to love me; fear it not. Nay, such love as
thou describest, in our tranquil climates, is the love of innocence and

“Of innocence!” said Viola. “Is it so? Perhaps--” She paused, and added,
with an effort, “Foreigner! and wouldst thou wed the orphan? Ah, THOU at
least art generous! It is not the innocence thou wouldst destroy!”

Glyndon drew back, conscience-stricken.

“No, it may not be!” she said, rising, but not conscious of the
thoughts, half of shame, half suspicion, that passed through the mind
of her lover. “Leave me, and forget me. You do not understand, you
could not comprehend, the nature of her whom you think to love. From my
childhood upward, I have felt as if I were marked out for some strange
and preternatural doom; as if I were singled from my kind. This feeling
(and, oh! at times it is one of delirious and vague delight, at others
of the darkest gloom) deepens within me day by day. It is like the
shadow of twilight, spreading slowly and solemnly around. My hour
approaches: a little while, and it will be night!”

As she spoke, Glyndon listened with visible emotion and perturbation.
“Viola!” he exclaimed, as she ceased, “your words more than ever enchain
me to you. As you feel, I feel. I, too, have been ever haunted with a
chill and unearthly foreboding. Amidst the crowds of men I have felt
alone. In all my pleasures, my toils, my pursuits, a warning voice has
murmured in my ear, ‘Time has a dark mystery in store for thy manhood.’
When you spoke, it was as the voice of my own soul.”

Viola gazed upon him in wonder and fear. Her countenance was as white as
marble; and those features, so divine in their rare symmetry, might have
served the Greek with a study for the Pythoness, when, from the mystic
cavern and the bubbling spring, she first hears the voice of the
inspiring god. Gradually the rigour and tension of that wonderful face
relaxed, the colour returned, the pulse beat: the heart animated the

“Tell me,” she said, turning partially aside,--“tell me, have you
seen--do you know--a stranger in this city,--one of whom wild stories
are afloat?”

“You speak of Zanoni? I have seen him: I know him,--and you? Ah, he,
too, would be my rival!--he, too, would bear thee from me!”

“You err,” said Viola, hastily, and with a deep sigh; “he pleads for
you: he informed me of your love; he besought me not--not to reject it.”

“Strange being! incomprehensible enigma! Why did you name him?”

“Why! ah, I would have asked whether, when you first saw him, the
foreboding, the instinct, of which you spoke, came on you more
fearfully, more intelligibly than before; whether you felt at once
repelled from him, yet attracted towards him; whether you felt,” and the
actress spoke with hurried animation, “that with HIM was connected the
secret of your life?”

“All this I felt,” answered Glyndon, in a trembling voice, “the first
time I was in his presence. Though all around me was gay,--music,
amidst lamp-lit trees, light converse near, and heaven without a cloud
above,--my knees knocked together, my hair bristled, and my blood
curdled like ice. Since then he has divided my thoughts with thee.”

“No more, no more!” said Viola, in a stifled tone; “there must be the
hand of fate in this. I can speak to you no more now. Farewell!” She
sprung past him into the house, and closed the door. Glyndon did not
follow her, nor, strange as it may seem, was he so inclined. The thought
and recollection of that moonlit hour in the gardens, of the strange
address of Zanoni, froze up all human passion. Viola herself, if not
forgotten, shrunk back like a shadow into the recesses of his breast.
He shivered as he stepped into the sunlight, and musingly retraced his
steps into the more populous parts of that liveliest of Italian cities.


     --i cavalier sen vanno
     dove il pino fatal gli attende in porto.
     Gerus. Lib., cant. xv (Argomento.)

     The knights came where the fatal bark
     Awaited them in the port.


     But that which especially distinguishes the brotherhood is their
     marvellous knowledge of all the resources of medical art.  They
     work not by charms, but simples.
     --“MS.  Account of the Origin and Attributes of the true
     Rosicrucians,” by J. Von D--.

At this time it chanced that Viola had the opportunity to return the
kindness shown to her by the friendly musician whose house had received
and sheltered her when first left an orphan on the world. Old Bernardi
had brought up three sons to the same profession as himself, and they
had lately left Naples to seek their fortunes in the wealthier cities
of Northern Europe, where the musical market was less overstocked. There
was only left to glad the household of his aged wife and himself, a
lively, prattling, dark-eyed girl of some eight years old, the child
of his second son, whose mother had died in giving her birth. It so
happened that, about a month previous to the date on which our story has
now entered, a paralytic affection had disabled Bernardi from the duties
of his calling. He had been always a social, harmless, improvident,
generous fellow--living on his gains from day to day, as if the day of
sickness and old age never was to arrive. Though he received a small
allowance for his past services, it ill sufficed for his wants,; neither
was he free from debt. Poverty stood at his hearth,--when Viola’s
grateful smile and liberal hand came to chase the grim fiend away. But
it is not enough to a heart truly kind to send and give; more charitable
is it to visit and console. “Forget not thy father’s friend.” So almost
daily went the bright idol of Naples to the house of Bernardi. Suddenly
a heavier affliction than either poverty or the palsy befell the old
musician. His grandchild, his little Beatrice, fell ill, suddenly and
dangerously ill, of one of those rapid fevers common to the South; and
Viola was summoned from her strange and fearful reveries of love or
fancy, to the sick-bed of the young sufferer.

The child was exceedingly fond of Viola, and the old people thought that
her mere presence would bring healing; but when Viola arrived, Beatrice
was insensible. Fortunately there was no performance that evening at San
Carlo, and she resolved to stay the night and partake its fearful cares
and dangerous vigil.

But during the night the child grew worse, the physician (the leechcraft
has never been very skilful at Naples) shook his powdered head, kept his
aromatics at his nostrils, administered his palliatives, and departed.
Old Bernardi seated himself by the bedside in stern silence; here was
the last tie that bound him to life. Well, let the anchor break and the
battered ship go down! It was an iron resolve, more fearful than sorrow.
An old man, with one foot in the grave, watching by the couch of a dying
child, is one of the most awful spectacles in human calamities. The wife
was more active, more bustling, more hopeful, and more tearful. Viola
took heed of all three. But towards dawn, Beatrice’s state became so
obviously alarming, that Viola herself began to despair. At this time
she saw the old woman suddenly rise from before the image of the saint
at which she had been kneeling, wrap herself in her cloak and hood, and
quietly quit the chamber. Viola stole after her.

“It is cold for thee, good mother, to brave the air; let me go for the

“Child, I am not going to him. I have heard of one in the city who has
been tender to the poor, and who, they say, has cured the sick when
physicians failed. I will go and say to him, ‘Signor, we are beggars
in all else, but yesterday we were rich in love. We are at the close
of life, but we lived in our grandchild’s childhood. Give us back our
wealth,--give us back our youth. Let us die blessing God that the thing
we love survives us.’”

She was gone. Why did thy heart beat, Viola? The infant’s sharp cry
of pain called her back to the couch; and there still sat the old man,
unconscious of his wife’s movements, not stirring, his eyes glazing fast
as they watched the agonies of that slight frame. By degrees the wail
of pain died into a low moan,--the convulsions grew feebler, but more
frequent; the glow of fever faded into the blue, pale tinge that settles
into the last bloodless marble.

The daylight came broader and clearer through the casement; steps were
heard on the stairs,--the old woman entered hastily; she rushed to the
bed, cast a glance on the patient, “She lives yet, signor, she lives!”

Viola raised her eyes,--the child’s head was pillowed on her bosom,--and
she beheld Zanoni. He smiled on her with a tender and soft approval,
and took the infant from her arms. Yet even then, as she saw him bending
silently over that pale face, a superstitious fear mingled with her
hopes. “Was it by lawful--by holy art that--” her self-questioning
ceased abruptly; for his dark eye turned to her as if he read her soul,
and his aspect accused her conscience for its suspicion, for it spoke
reproach not unmingled with disdain.

“Be comforted,” he said, gently turning to the old man, “the danger is
not beyond the reach of human skill;” and, taking from his bosom a small
crystal vase, he mingled a few drops with water. No sooner did this
medicine moisten the infant’s lips, than it seemed to produce an
astonishing effect. The colour revived rapidly on the lips and cheeks;
in a few moments the sufferer slept calmly, and with the regular
breathing of painless sleep. And then the old man rose, rigidly, as a
corpse might rise,--looked down, listened, and creeping gently away,
stole to the corner of the room, and wept, and thanked Heaven!

Now, old Bernardi had been, hitherto, but a cold believer; sorrow had
never before led him aloft from earth. Old as he was, he had never
before thought as the old should think of death,--that endangered life
of the young had wakened up the careless soul of age. Zanoni whispered
to the wife, and she drew the old man quietly from the room.

“Dost thou fear to leave me an hour with thy charge, Viola? Thinkest
thou still that this knowledge is of the Fiend?”

“Ah,” said Viola, humbled and yet rejoiced, “forgive me, forgive me,
signor. Thou biddest the young live and the old pray. My thoughts never
shall wrong thee more!”

Before the sun rose, Beatrice was out of danger; at noon Zanoni escaped
from the blessings of the aged pair, and as he closed the door of the
house, he found Viola awaiting him without.

She stood before him timidly, her hands crossed meekly on her bosom, her
downcast eyes swimming with tears.

“Do not let me be the only one you leave unhappy!”

“And what cure can the herbs and anodynes effect for thee? If thou canst
so readily believe ill of those who have aided and yet would serve thee,
thy disease is of the heart; and--nay, weep not! nurse of the sick, and
comforter of the sad, I should rather approve than chide thee. Forgive
thee! Life, that ever needs forgiveness, has, for its first duty, to

“No, do not forgive me yet. I do not deserve a pardon; for even now,
while I feel how ungrateful I was to believe, suspect, aught injurious
and false to my preserver, my tears flow from happiness, not remorse.
Oh!” she continued, with a simple fervour, unconscious, in her innocence
and her generous emotions, of all the secrets she betrayed,--“thou
knowest not how bitter it was to believe thee not more good, more pure,
more sacred than all the world. And when I saw thee,--the wealthy,
the noble, coming from thy palace to minister to the sufferings of
the hovel,--when I heard those blessings of the poor breathed upon thy
parting footsteps, I felt my very self exalted,--good in thy goodness,
noble at least in those thoughts that did NOT wrong thee.”

“And thinkest thou, Viola, that in a mere act of science there is so
much virtue? The commonest leech will tend the sick for his fee. Are
prayers and blessings a less reward than gold?”

“And mine, then, are not worthless? Thou wilt accept of mine?”

“Ah, Viola!” exclaimed Zanoni, with a sudden passion, that covered her
face with blushes, “thou only, methinks, on all the earth, hast the
power to wound or delight me!” He checked himself, and his face became
grave and sad. “And this,” he added, in an altered tone, “because, if
thou wouldst heed my counsels, methinks I could guide a guileless heart
to a happy fate.”

“Thy counsels! I will obey them all. Mould me to what thou wilt. In
thine absence, I am as a child that fears every shadow in the dark; in
thy presence, my soul expands, and the whole world seems calm with a
celestial noonday. Do not deny to me that presence. I am fatherless and
ignorant and alone!”

Zanoni averted his face, and, after a moment’s silence, replied

“Be it so. Sister, I will visit thee again!”


     Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy.

Who so happy as Viola now! A dark load was lifted from her heart: her
step seemed to tread on air; she would have sung for very delight as she
went gayly home. It is such happiness to the pure to love,--but oh, such
more than happiness to believe in the worth of the one beloved. Between
them there might be human obstacles,--wealth, rank, man’s little world.
But there was no longer that dark gulf which the imagination recoils to
dwell on, and which separates forever soul from soul. He did not love
her in return. Love her! But did she ask for love? Did she herself love?
No; or she would never have been at once so humble and so bold. How
merrily the ocean murmured in her ear; how radiant an aspect the
commonest passer-by seemed to wear! She gained her home,--she looked
upon the tree, glancing, with fantastic branches, in the sun. “Yes,
brother mine!” she said, laughing in her joy, “like thee, I HAVE
struggled to the light!”

She had never hitherto, like the more instructed Daughters of the North,
accustomed herself to that delicious Confessional, the transfusion of
thought to writing. Now, suddenly, her heart felt an impulse; a new-born
instinct, that bade it commune with itself, bade it disentangle its web
of golden fancies,--made her wish to look upon her inmost self as in
a glass. Upsprung from the embrace of Love and Soul--the Eros and the
Psyche--their beautiful offspring, Genius! She blushed, she sighed, she
trembled as she wrote. And from the fresh world that she had built for
herself, she was awakened to prepare for the glittering stage. How dull
became the music, how dim the scene, so exquisite and so bright of old.
Stage, thou art the Fairy Land to the vision of the worldly. Fancy,
whose music is not heard by men, whose scenes shift not by mortal hand,
as the stage to the present world, art thou to the future and the past!


     In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes.

The next day, at noon, Zanoni visited Viola; and the next day and the
next and again the next,--days that to her seemed like a special time
set apart from the rest of life. And yet he never spoke to her in the
language of flattery, and almost of adoration, to which she had been
accustomed. Perhaps his very coldness, so gentle as it was, assisted to
this mysterious charm. He talked to her much of her past life, and she
was scarcely surprised (she now never thought of TERROR) to perceive how
much of that past seemed known to him.

He made her speak to him of her father; he made her recall some of the
airs of Pisani’s wild music. And those airs seemed to charm and lull him
into reverie.

“As music was to the musician,” said he, “may science be to the wise.
Your father looked abroad in the world; all was discord to the fine
sympathies that he felt with the harmonies that daily and nightly float
to the throne of Heaven. Life, with its noisy ambition and its mean
passions, is so poor and base! Out of his soul he created the life and
the world for which his soul was fitted. Viola, thou art the daughter of
that life, and wilt be the denizen of that world.”

In his earlier visits he did not speak of Glyndon. The day soon came on
which he renewed the subject. And so trustful, obedient, and entire was
the allegiance that Viola now owned to his dominion, that, unwelcome
as that subject was, she restrained her heart, and listened to him in

At last he said, “Thou hast promised thou wilt obey my counsels, and if,
Viola, I should ask thee, nay adjure, to accept this stranger’s hand,
and share his fate, should he offer to thee such a lot,--wouldst thou

And then she pressed back the tears that gushed to her eyes; and with
a strange pleasure in the midst of pain,--the pleasure of one who
sacrifices heart itself to the one who commands that heart,--she
answered falteringly, “If thou CANST ordain it, why--”

“Speak on.”

“Dispose of me as thou wilt!”

Zanoni stood in silence for some moments: he saw the struggle which
the girl thought she concealed so well; he made an involuntary movement
towards her, and pressed her hand to his lips; it was the first time
he had ever departed even so far from a certain austerity which perhaps
made her fear him and her own thoughts the less.

“Viola,” said he, and his voice trembled, “the danger that I can avert
no more, if thou linger still in Naples, comes hourly near and near to
thee! On the third day from this thy fate must be decided. I accept thy
promise. Before the last hour of that day, come what may, I shall see
thee again, HERE, at thine own house. Till then, farewell!”


     Between two worlds life hovers like a star
     ‘Twixt night and morn.

When Glyndon left Viola, as recorded in the concluding chapter of the
second division of this work, he was absorbed again in those mystical
desires and conjectures which the haunting recollection of Zanoni
always served to create. And as he wandered through the streets, he
was scarcely conscious of his own movements till, in the mechanism of
custom, he found himself in the midst of one of the noble collections of
pictures which form the boast of those Italian cities whose glory is
in the past. Thither he had been wont, almost daily, to repair, for the
gallery contained some of the finest specimens of a master especially
the object of his enthusiasm and study. There, before the works of
Salvator, he had often paused in deep and earnest reverence. The
striking characteristic of that artist is the “Vigour of Will;” void
of the elevated idea of abstract beauty, which furnishes a model and
archetype to the genius of more illustrious order, the singular energy
of the man hews out of the rock a dignity of his own. His images have
the majesty, not of the god, but the savage; utterly free, like the
sublimer schools, from the common-place of imitation,--apart, with
them, from the conventional littleness of the Real,--he grasps the
imagination, and compels it to follow him, not to the heaven, but
through all that is most wild and fantastic upon earth; a sorcery, not
of the starry magian, but of the gloomy wizard,--a man of romance whose
heart beat strongly, griping art with a hand of iron, and forcing it
to idealise the scenes of his actual life. Before this powerful will,
Glyndon drew back more awed and admiring than before the calmer beauty
which rose from the soul of Raphael, like Venus from the deep.

And now, as awaking from his reverie, he stood opposite to that wild and
magnificent gloom of Nature which frowned on him from the canvas,
the very leaves on those gnome-like, distorted trees seemed to rustle
sibylline secrets in his ear. Those rugged and sombre Apennines, the
cataract that dashed between, suited, more than the actual scenes would
have done, the mood and temper of his mind. The stern, uncouth forms
at rest on the crags below, and dwarfed by the giant size of the Matter
that reigned around them, impressed him with the might of Nature and the
littleness of Man. As in genius of the more spiritual cast, the living
man, and the soul that lives in him, are studiously made the prominent
image; and the mere accessories of scene kept down, and cast back, as if
to show that the exile from paradise is yet the monarch of the outward
world,--so, in the landscapes of Salvator, the tree, the mountain,
the waterfall, become the principal, and man himself dwindles to the
accessory. The Matter seems to reign supreme, and its true lord to
creep beneath its stupendous shadow. Inert matter giving interest to
the immortal man, not the immortal man to the inert matter. A terrible
philosophy in art!

While something of these thoughts passed through the mind of the
painter, he felt his arm touched, and saw Nicot by his side.

“A great master,” said Nicot, “but I do not love the school.”

“I do not love, but I am awed by it. We love the beautiful and serene,
but we have a feeling as deep as love for the terrible and dark.”

“True,” said Nicot, thoughtfully. “And yet that feeling is only a
superstition. The nursery, with its tales of ghosts and goblins, is the
cradle of many of our impressions in the world. But art should not seek
to pander to our ignorance; art should represent only truths. I confess
that Raphael pleases me less, because I have no sympathy with his
subjects. His saints and virgins are to me only men and women.”

“And from what source should painting, then, take its themes?”

“From history, without doubt,” returned Nicot, pragmatically,--“those
great Roman actions which inspire men with sentiments of liberty and
valour, with the virtues of a republic. I wish the cartoons of Raphael
had illustrated the story of the Horatii; but it remains for France and
her Republic to give to posterity the new and the true school, which
could never have arisen in a country of priestcraft and delusion.”

“And the saints and virgins of Raphael are to you only men and women?”
 repeated Glyndon, going back to Nicot’s candid confession in amaze, and
scarcely hearing the deductions the Frenchman drew from his proposition.

“Assuredly. Ha, ha!” and Nicot laughed hideously, “do you ask me to
believe in the calendar, or what?”

“But the ideal?”

“The ideal!” interrupted Nicot. “Stuff! The Italian critics, and your
English Reynolds, have turned your head. They are so fond of
their ‘gusto grande,’ and their ‘ideal beauty that speaks to the
soul!’--soul!--IS there a soul? I understand a man when he talks of
composing for a refined taste,--for an educated and intelligent reason;
for a sense that comprehends truths. But as for the soul,--bah!--we
are but modifications of matter, and painting is modification of matter

Glyndon turned his eyes from the picture before him to Nicot, and from
Nicot to the picture. The dogmatist gave a voice to the thoughts which
the sight of the picture had awakened. He shook his head without reply.

“Tell me,” said Nicot, abruptly, “that imposter,--Zanoni!--oh! I have
now learned his name and quackeries, forsooth,--what did he say to thee
of me?”

“Of thee? Nothing; but to warn me against thy doctrines.”

“Aha! was that all?” said Nicot. “He is a notable inventor, and since,
when we met last, I unmasked his delusions, I thought he might retaliate
by some tale of slander.”

“Unmasked his delusions!--how?”

“A dull and long story: he wished to teach an old doting friend of mine
his secrets of prolonged life and philosophical alchemy. I advise thee
to renounce so discreditable an acquaintance.”

With that Nicot nodded significantly, and, not wishing to be further
questioned, went his way.

Glyndon’s mind at that moment had escaped to his art, and the comments
and presence of Nicot had been no welcome interruption. He turned
from the landscape of Salvator, and his eye falling on a Nativity by
Coreggio, the contrast between the two ranks of genius struck him as
a discovery. That exquisite repose, that perfect sense of beauty, that
strength without effort, that breathing moral of high art, which speaks
to the mind through the eye, and raises the thoughts, by the aid of
tenderness and love, to the regions of awe and wonder,--ay! THAT was the
true school. He quitted the gallery with reluctant steps and inspired
ideas; he sought his own home. Here, pleased not to find the sober
Mervale, he leaned his face on his hands, and endeavoured to recall the
words of Zanoni in their last meeting. Yes, he felt Nicot’s talk even on
art was crime; it debased the imagination itself to mechanism. Could
he, who saw nothing in the soul but a combination of matter, prate of
schools that should excel a Raphael? Yes, art was magic; and as he owned
the truth of the aphorism, he could comprehend that in magic there may
be religion, for religion is an essential to art. His old ambition,
freeing itself from the frigid prudence with which Mervale sought to
desecrate all images less substantial than the golden calf of the world,
revived, and stirred, and kindled. The subtle detection of what he
conceived to be an error in the school he had hitherto adopted, made
more manifest to him by the grinning commentary of Nicot, seemed to open
to him a new world of invention. He seized the happy moment,--he placed
before him the colours and the canvas. Lost in his conceptions of a
fresh ideal, his mind was lifted aloft into the airy realms of beauty;
dark thoughts, unhallowed desires, vanished. Zanoni was right: the
material world shrunk from his gaze; he viewed Nature as from a
mountain-top afar; and as the waves of his unquiet heart became calm and
still, again the angel eyes of Viola beamed on them as a holy star.

Locking himself in his chamber, he refused even the visits of Mervale.
Intoxicated with the pure air of his fresh existence, he remained for
three days, and almost nights, absorbed in his employment; but on the
fourth morning came that reaction to which all labour is exposed. He
woke listless and fatigued; and as he cast his eyes on the canvas, the
glory seemed to have gone from it. Humiliating recollections of the
great masters he aspired to rival forced themselves upon him; defects
before unseen magnified themselves to deformities in his languid and
discontented eyes. He touched and retouched, but his hand failed him; he
threw down his instruments in despair; he opened his casement: the day
without was bright and lovely; the street was crowded with that life
which is ever so joyous and affluent in the animated population of
Naples. He saw the lover, as he passed, conversing with his mistress by
those mute gestures which have survived all changes of languages, the
same now as when the Etruscan painted yon vases in the Museo Borbonico.
Light from without beckoned his youth to its mirth and its pleasures;
and the dull walls within, lately large enough to comprise heaven and
earth, seemed now cabined and confined as a felon’s prison. He welcomed
the step of Mervale at his threshold, and unbarred the door.

“And is that all you have done?” said Mervale, glancing disdainfully
at the canvas. “Is it for this that you have shut yourself out from the
sunny days and moonlit nights of Naples?”

“While the fit was on me, I basked in a brighter sun, and imbibed the
voluptuous luxury of a softer moon.”

“You own that the fit is over. Well, that is some sign of returning
sense. After all, it is better to daub canvas for three days than make a
fool of yourself for life. This little siren?”

“Be dumb! I hate to hear you name her.”

Mervale drew his chair nearer to Glyndon’s, thrust his hands deep in his
breeches-pockets, stretched his legs, and was about to begin a serious
strain of expostulation, when a knock was heard at the door, and Nicot,
without waiting for leave, obtruded his ugly head.

“Good-day, mon cher confrere. I wished to speak to you. Hein! you have
been at work, I see. This is well,--very well! A bold outline,--great
freedom in that right hand. But, hold! is the composition good? You have
not got the great pyramidal form. Don’t you think, too, that you have
lost the advantage of contrast in this figure; since the right leg is
put forward, surely the right arm should be put back? Peste! but that
little finger is very fine!”

Mervale detested Nicot. For all speculators, Utopians, alterers of the
world, and wanderers from the high road, were equally hateful to
him; but he could have hugged the Frenchman at that moment. He saw
in Glyndon’s expressive countenance all the weariness and disgust he
endured. After so wrapped a study, to be prated to about pyramidal
forms and right arms and right legs, the accidence of the art, the whole
conception to be overlooked, and the criticism to end in approval of the
little finger!

“Oh,” said Glyndon, peevishly, throwing the cloth over his design,
“enough of my poor performance. What is it you have to say to me?”

“In the first place,” said Nicot, huddling himself together upon
a stool,--“in the first place, this Signor Zanoni,--this second
Cagliostro,--who disputes my doctrines! (no doubt a spy of the man
Capet) I am not vindictive; as Helvetius says, ‘our errors arise from
our passions.’ I keep mine in order; but it is virtuous to hate in the
cause of mankind; I would I had the denouncing and the judging of Signor
Zanoni at Paris.” And Nicot’s small eyes shot fire, and he gnashed his

“Have you any new cause to hate him?”

“Yes,” said Nicot, fiercely. “Yes, I hear he is courting the girl I mean
to marry.”

“You! Whom do you speak of?”

“The celebrated Pisani! She is divinely handsome. She would make my
fortune in a republic. And a republic we shall have before the year is

Mervale rubbed his hands, and chuckled. Glyndon coloured with rage and

“Do you know the Signora Pisani? Have you ever spoken to her?”

“Not yet. But when I make up my mind to anything, it is soon done. I
am about to return to Paris. They write me word that a handsome wife
advances the career of a patriot. The age of prejudice is over.
The sublimer virtues begin to be understood. I shall take back the
handsomest wife in Europe.”

“Be quiet! What are you about?” said Mervale, seizing Glyndon as he saw
him advance towards the Frenchman, his eyes sparkling, and his hands

“Sir!” said Glyndon, between his teeth, “you know not of whom you thus
speak. Do you affect to suppose that Viola Pisani would accept YOU?”

“Not if she could get a better offer,” said Mervale, looking up to the

“A better offer? You don’t understand me,” said Nicot. “I, Jean Nicot,
propose to marry the girl; marry her! Others may make her more liberal
offers, but no one, I apprehend, would make one so honourable. I alone
have pity on her friendless situation. Besides, according to the dawning
state of things, one will always, in France, be able to get rid of a
wife whenever one wishes. We shall have new laws of divorce. Do you
imagine that an Italian girl--and in no country in the world are
maidens, it seems, more chaste (though wives may console themselves with
virtues more philosophical)--would refuse the hand of an artist for the
settlements of a prince? No; I think better of the Pisani than you do. I
shall hasten to introduce myself to her.”

“I wish you all success, Monsieur Nicot,” said Mervale, rising, and
shaking him heartily by the hand.

Glyndon cast at them both a disdainful glance.

“Perhaps, Monsieur Nicot,” said he, at length, constraining his lips
into a bitter smile,--“perhaps you may have rivals.”

“So much the better,” replied Monsieur Nicot, carelessly, kicking his
heels together, and appearing absorbed in admiration at the size of his
large feet.

“I myself admire Viola Pisani.”

“Every painter must!”

“I may offer her marriage as well as yourself.”

“That would be folly in you, though wisdom in me. You would not know
how to draw profit from the speculation! Cher confrere, you have

“You do not dare to say you would make profit from your own wife?”

“The virtuous Cato lent his wife to a friend. I love virtue, and I
cannot do better than imitate Cato. But to be serious,--I do not
fear you as a rival. You are good-looking, and I am ugly. But you are
irresolute, and I decisive. While you are uttering fine phrases, I shall
say, simply, ‘I have a bon etat. Will you marry me?’ So do your worst,
cher confrere. Au revoir, behind the scenes!”

So saying, Nicot rose, stretched his long arms and short legs, yawned
till he showed all his ragged teeth from ear to ear, pressed down his
cap on his shaggy head with an air of defiance, and casting over his
left shoulder a glance of triumph and malice at the indignant Glyndon,
sauntered out of the room.

Mervale burst into a violent fit of laughter. “See how your Viola is
estimated by your friend. A fine victory, to carry her off from the
ugliest dog between Lapland and the Calmucks.”

Glyndon was yet too indignant to answer, when a new visitor arrived. It
was Zanoni himself. Mervale, on whom the appearance and aspect of this
personage imposed a kind of reluctant deference, which he was unwilling
to acknowledge, and still more to betray, nodded to Glyndon, and saying,
simply, “More when I see you again,” left the painter and his unexpected

“I see,” said Zanoni, lifting the cloth from the canvas, “that you have
not slighted the advice I gave you. Courage, young artist; this is an
escape from the schools: this is full of the bold self-confidence of
real genius. You had no Nicot--no Mervale--at your elbow when this image
of true beauty was conceived!”

Charmed back to his art by this unlooked-for praise, Glyndon replied
modestly, “I thought well of my design till this morning; and then I was
disenchanted of my happy persuasion.”

“Say, rather, that, unaccustomed to continuous labour, you were fatigued
with your employment.”

“That is true. Shall I confess it? I began to miss the world without. It
seemed to me as if, while I lavished my heart and my youth upon visions
of beauty, I was losing the beautiful realities of actual life. And I
envied the merry fisherman, singing as he passed below my casement, and
the lover conversing with his mistress.”

“And,” said Zanoni, with an encouraging smile, “do you blame yourself
for the natural and necessary return to earth, in which even the most
habitual visitor of the Heavens of Invention seeks his relaxation and
repose? Man’s genius is a bird that cannot be always on the wing; when
the craving for the actual world is felt, it is a hunger that must be
appeased. They who command best the ideal, enjoy ever most the real.
See the true artist, when abroad in men’s thoroughfares, ever observant,
ever diving into the heart, ever alive to the least as to the greatest
of the complicated truths of existence; descending to what pedants would
call the trivial and the frivolous. From every mesh in the social web,
he can disentangle a grace. And for him each airy gossamer floats in
the gold of the sunlight. Know you not that around the animalcule that
sports in the water there shines a halo, as around the star (The monas
mica, found in the purest pools, is encompassed with a halo. And this
is frequent amongst many other species of animalcule.) that revolves in
bright pastime through the space? True art finds beauty everywhere. In
the street, in the market-place, in the hovel, it gathers food for the
hive of its thoughts. In the mire of politics, Dante and Milton selected
pearls for the wreath of song.

“Who ever told you that Raphael did not enjoy the life without, carrying
everywhere with him the one inward idea of beauty which attracted and
imbedded in its own amber every straw that the feet of the dull man
trampled into mud? As some lord of the forest wanders abroad for its
prey, and scents and follows it over plain and hill, through brake and
jungle, but, seizing it at last, bears the quarry to its unwitnessed
cave,--so Genius searches through wood and waste, untiringly and
eagerly, every sense awake, every nerve strained to speed and strength,
for the scattered and flying images of matter, that it seizes at
last with its mighty talons, and bears away with it into solitudes
no footstep can invade. Go, seek the world without; it is for art the
inexhaustible pasture-ground and harvest to the world within!”

“You comfort me,” said Glyndon, brightening. “I had imagined my
weariness a proof of my deficiency! But not now would I speak to you
of these labours. Pardon me, if I pass from the toil to the reward.
You have uttered dim prophecies of my future, if I wed one who, in
the judgment of the sober world, would only darken its prospects and
obstruct its ambition. Do you speak from the wisdom which is experience,
or that which aspires to prediction?”

“Are they not allied? Is it not he best accustomed to calculation who
can solve at a glance any new problem in the arithmetic of chances?”

“You evade my question.”

“No; but I will adapt my answer the better to your comprehension, for
it is upon this very point that I have sought you. Listen to me!”
 Zanoni fixed his eyes earnestly on his listener, and continued: “For the
accomplishment of whatever is great and lofty, the clear perception of
truths is the first requisite,--truths adapted to the object desired.
The warrior thus reduces the chances of battle to combinations almost
of mathematics. He can predict a result, if he can but depend upon
the materials he is forced to employ. At such a loss he can cross that
bridge; in such a time he can reduce that fort. Still more accurately,
for he depends less on material causes than ideas at his command, can
the commander of the purer science or diviner art, if he once perceive
the truths that are in him and around, foretell what he can achieve,
and in what he is condemned to fail. But this perception of truths is
disturbed by many causes,--vanity, passion, fear, indolence in himself,
ignorance of the fitting means without to accomplish what he designs. He
may miscalculate his own forces; he may have no chart of the country
he would invade. It is only in a peculiar state of the mind that it is
capable of perceiving truth; and that state is profound serenity. Your
mind is fevered by a desire for truth: you would compel it to your
embraces; you would ask me to impart to you, without ordeal or
preparation, the grandest secrets that exist in Nature. But truth can no
more be seen by the mind unprepared for it, than the sun can dawn upon
the midst of night. Such a mind receives truth only to pollute it: to
use the simile of one who has wandered near to the secret of the sublime
Goetia (or the magic that lies within Nature, as electricity within the
cloud), ‘He who pours water into the muddy well, does but disturb the
mud.’” (“Iamb. de Vit. Pythag.”)

“What do you tend to?”

“This: that you have faculties that may attain to surpassing power, that
may rank you among those enchanters who, greater than the magian,
leave behind them an enduring influence, worshipped wherever beauty is
comprehended, wherever the soul is sensible of a higher world than that
in which matter struggles for crude and incomplete existence.

“But to make available those faculties, need I be a prophet to tell you
that you must learn to concentre upon great objects all your desires?
The heart must rest, that the mind may be active. At present you wander
from aim to aim. As the ballast to the ship, so to the spirit are faith
and love. With your whole heart, affections, humanity, centred in one
object, your mind and aspirations will become equally steadfast and in
earnest. Viola is a child as yet; you do not perceive the high nature
the trials of life will develop. Pardon me, if I say that her soul,
purer and loftier than your own, will bear it upward, as a secret hymn
carries aloft the spirits of the world. Your nature wants the harmony,
the music which, as the Pythagoreans wisely taught, at once elevates and
soothes. I offer you that music in her love.”

“But am I sure that she does love me?”

“Artist, no; she loves you not at present; her affections are full of
another. But if I could transfer to you, as the loadstone transfers its
attraction to the magnet, the love that she has now for me,--if I could
cause her to see in you the ideal of her dreams--”

“Is such a gift in the power of man?”

“I offer it to you, if your love be lawful, if your faith in virtue and
yourself be deep and loyal; if not, think you that I would disenchant
her with truth to make her adore a falsehood?”

“But if,” persisted Glyndon,--“if she be all that you tell me, and if
she love you, how can you rob yourself of so priceless a treasure?”

“Oh, shallow and mean heart of man!” exclaimed Zanoni, with unaccustomed
passion and vehemence, “dost thou conceive so little of love as not to
know that it sacrifices all--love itself--for the happiness of the thing
it loves? Hear me!” And Zanoni’s face grew pale. “Hear me! I press this
upon you, because I love her, and because I fear that with me her fate
will be less fair than with yourself. Why,--ask not, for I will not
tell you. Enough! Time presses now for your answer; it cannot long be
delayed. Before the night of the third day from this, all choice will be
forbid you!”

“But,” said Glyndon, still doubting and suspicious,--“but why this

“Man, you are not worthy of her when you ask me. All I can tell you
here, you should have known yourself. This ravisher, this man of will,
this son of the old Visconti, unlike you,--steadfast, resolute, earnest
even in his crimes,--never relinquishes an object. But one passion
controls his lust,--it is his avarice. The day after his attempt on
Viola, his uncle, the Cardinal --, from whom he has large expectations
of land and gold, sent for him, and forbade him, on pain of forfeiting
all the possessions which his schemes already had parcelled out, to
pursue with dishonourable designs one whom the Cardinal had heeded and
loved from childhood. This is the cause of his present pause from his
pursuit. While we speak, the cause expires. Before the hand of the clock
reaches the hour of noon, the Cardinal -- will be no more. At this very
moment thy friend, Jean Nicot, is with the Prince di --.”

“He! wherefore?”

“To ask what dower shall go with Viola Pisani, the morning that she
leaves the palace of the prince.”

“And how do you know all this?”

“Fool! I tell thee again, because a lover is a watcher by night and day;
because love never sleeps when danger menaces the beloved one!”

“And you it was that informed the Cardinal --?”

“Yes; and what has been my task might as easily have been thine.
Speak,--thine answer!”

“You shall have it on the third day from this.”

“Be it so. Put off, poor waverer, thy happiness to the last hour. On the
third day from this, I will ask thee thy resolve.”

“And where shall we meet?”

“Before midnight, where you may least expect me. You cannot shun me,
though you may seek to do so!”

“Stay one moment! You condemn me as doubtful, irresolute, suspicious.
Have I no cause? Can I yield without a struggle to the strange
fascination you exert upon my mind? What interest can you have in me, a
stranger, that you should thus dictate to me the gravest action in the
life of man? Do you suppose that any one in his senses would not pause,
and deliberate, and ask himself, ‘Why should this stranger care thus for

“And yet,” said Zanoni, “if I told thee that I could initiate thee into
the secrets of that magic which the philosophy of the whole existing
world treats as a chimera, or imposture; if I promised to show thee how
to command the beings of air and ocean, how to accumulate wealth more
easily than a child can gather pebbles on the shore, to place in thy
hands the essence of the herbs which prolong life from age to age, the
mystery of that attraction by which to awe all danger and disarm all
violence and subdue man as the serpent charms the bird,--if I told thee
that all these it was mine to possess and to communicate, thou wouldst
listen to me then, and obey me without a doubt!”

“It is true; and I can account for this only by the imperfect
associations of my childhood,--by traditions in our house of--”

“Your forefather, who, in the revival of science, sought the secrets of
Apollonius and Paracelsus.”

“What!” said Glyndon, amazed, “are you so well acquainted with the
annals of an obscure lineage?”

“To the man who aspires to know, no man who has been the meanest
student of knowledge should be unknown. You ask me why I have shown this
interest in your fate? There is one reason which I have not yet told
you. There is a fraternity as to whose laws and whose mysteries the most
inquisitive schoolmen are in the dark. By those laws all are pledged to
warn, to aid, and to guide even the remotest descendants of men who
have toiled, though vainly, like your ancestor, in the mysteries of the
Order. We are bound to advise them to their welfare; nay, more,--if they
command us to it, we must accept them as our pupils. I am a survivor
of that most ancient and immemorial union. This it was that bound me to
thee at the first; this, perhaps, attracted thyself unconsciously, Son
of our Brotherhood, to me.”

“If this be so, I command thee, in the name of the laws thou obeyest, to
receive me as thy pupil!”

“What do you ask?” said Zanoni, passionately. “Learn, first, the
conditions. No neophyte must have, at his initiation, one affection or
desire that chains him to the world. He must be pure from the love of
woman, free from avarice and ambition, free from the dreams even of
art, or the hope of earthly fame. The first sacrifice thou must make
is--Viola herself. And for what? For an ordeal that the most daring
courage only can encounter, the most ethereal natures alone survive!
Thou art unfit for the science that has made me and others what we are
or have been; for thy whole nature is one fear!”

“Fear!” cried Glyndon, colouring with resentment, and rising to the full
height of his stature.

“Fear! and the worst fear,--fear of the world’s opinion; fear of the
Nicots and the Mervales; fear of thine own impulses when most generous;
fear of thine own powers when thy genius is most bold; fear that virtue
is not eternal; fear that God does not live in heaven to keep watch on
earth; fear, the fear of little men; and that fear is never known to the

With these words Zanoni abruptly left the artist, humbled, bewildered,
and not convinced. He remained alone with his thoughts till he was
aroused by the striking of the clock; he then suddenly remembered
Zanoni’s prediction of the Cardinal’s death; and, seized with an intense
desire to learn its truth, he hurried into the streets,--he gained the
Cardinal’s palace. Five minutes before noon his Eminence had expired,
after an illness of less than an hour. Zanoni’s visit had occupied more
time than the illness of the Cardinal. Awed and perplexed, he turned
from the palace, and as he walked through the Chiaja, he saw Jean Nicot
emerge from the portals of the Prince di --.


     Two loves I have of comfort and despair,
     Which like two spirits do suggest me still.

Venerable Brotherhood, so sacred and so little known, from whose secret
and precious archives the materials for this history have been drawn; ye
who have retained, from century to century, all that time has spared of
the august and venerable science,--thanks to you, if now, for the
first time, some record of the thoughts and actions of no false and
self-styled luminary of your Order be given, however imperfectly, to
the world. Many have called themselves of your band; many spurious
pretenders have been so-called by the learned ignorance which still,
baffled and perplexed, is driven to confess that it knows nothing of
your origin, your ceremonies or doctrines, nor even if you still have
local habitation on the earth. Thanks to you if I, the only one of
my country, in this age, admitted, with a profane footstep, into your
mysterious Academe (The reader will have the goodness to remember that
this is said by the author of the original MS., not by the editor.),
have been by you empowered and instructed to adapt to the comprehension
of the uninitiated, some few of the starry truths which shone on the
great Shemaia of the Chaldean Lore, and gleamed dimly through the
darkened knowledge of latter disciples, labouring, like Psellus and
Iamblichus, to revive the embers of the fire which burned in the Hamarin
of the East. Though not to us of an aged and hoary world is vouchsafed
the NAME which, so say the earliest oracles of the earth, “rushes into
the infinite worlds,” yet is it ours to trace the reviving truths,
through each new discovery of the philosopher and chemist. The laws of
attraction, of electricity, and of the yet more mysterious agency of
that great principal of life, which, if drawn from the universe, would
leave the universe a grave, were but the code in which the Theurgy of
old sought the guides that led it to a legislation and science of its
own. To rebuild on words the fragments of this history, it seems to me
as if, in a solemn trance, I was led through the ruins of a city whose
only remains were tombs. From the sarcophagus and the urn I awake the
genius (The Greek Genius of Death.) of the extinguished Torch, and so
closely does its shape resemble Eros, that at moments I scarcely know
which of ye dictates to me,--O Love! O Death!

And it stirred in the virgin’s heart,--this new, unfathomable, and
divine emotion! Was it only the ordinary affection of the pulse and the
fancy, of the eye to the Beautiful, of the ear to the Eloquent, or did
it not justify the notion she herself conceived of it,--that it was born
not of the senses, that it was less of earthly and human love than the
effect of some wondrous but not unholy charm? I said that, from that day
in which, no longer with awe and trembling, she surrendered herself to
the influence of Zanoni, she had sought to put her thoughts into words.
Let the thoughts attest their own nature.


“Is it the daylight that shines on me, or the memory of thy presence?
Wherever I look, the world seems full of thee; in every ray that
trembles on the water, that smiles upon the leaves, I behold but a
likeness to thine eyes. What is this change, that alters not only
myself, but the face of the whole universe?


“How instantaneously leaped into life the power with which thou swayest
my heart in its ebb and flow. Thousands were around me, and I saw but
thee. That was the night in which I first entered upon the world which
crowds life into a drama, and has no language but music. How strangely
and how suddenly with thee became that world evermore connected! What
the delusion of the stage was to others, thy presence was to me. My
life, too, seemed to centre into those short hours, and from thy lips
I heard a music, mute to all ears but mine. I sit in the room where my
father dwelt. Here, on that happy night, forgetting why THEY were so
happy, I shrunk into the shadow, and sought to guess what thou wert to
me; and my mother’s low voice woke me, and I crept to my father’s side,
close--close, from fear of my own thoughts.

“Ah! sweet and sad was the morrow to that night, when thy lips warned me
of the future. An orphan now,--what is there that lives for me to think
of, to dream upon, to revere, but thou!

“How tenderly thou hast rebuked me for the grievous wrong that my
thoughts did thee! Why should I have shuddered to feel thee glancing
upon my thoughts like the beam on the solitary tree, to which thou didst
once liken me so well? It was--it was, that, like the tree, I struggled
for the light, and the light came. They tell me of love, and my very
life of the stage breathes the language of love into my lips. No; again
and again, I know THAT is not the love that I feel for thee!--it is not
a passion, it is a thought! I ask not to be loved again. I murmur not
that thy words are stern and thy looks are cold. I ask not if I have
rivals; I sigh not to be fair in thine eyes. It is my SPIRIT that would
blend itself with thine. I would give worlds, though we were apart,
though oceans rolled between us, to know the hour in which thy gaze was
lifted to the stars,--in which thy heart poured itself in prayer. They
tell me thou art more beautiful than the marble images that are fairer
than all human forms; but I have never dared to gaze steadfastly on thy
face, that memory might compare thee with the rest. Only thine eyes and
thy soft, calm smile haunt me; as when I look upon the moon, all that
passes into my heart is her silent light.


“Often, when the air is calm, I have thought that I hear the strains of
my father’s music; often, though long stilled in the grave, have they
waked me from the dreams of the solemn night. Methinks, ere thou comest
to me that I hear them herald thy approach. Methinks I hear them wail
and moan, when I sink back into myself on seeing thee depart. Thou art
OF that music,--its spirit, its genius. My father must have guessed
at thee and thy native regions, when the winds hushed to listen to his
tones, and the world deemed him mad! I hear where I sit, the far murmur
of the sea. Murmur on, ye blessed waters! The waves are the pulses of
the shore. They beat with the gladness of the morning wind,--so beats my
heart in the freshness and light that make up the thoughts of thee!


“Often in my childhood I have mused and asked for what I was born; and
my soul answered my heart and said, ‘THOU WERT BORN TO WORSHIP!’ Yes; I
know why the real world has ever seemed to me so false and cold. I know
why the world of the stage charmed and dazzled me. I know why it was so
sweet to sit apart and gaze my whole being into the distant heavens.
My nature is not formed for this life, happy though that life seem to
others. It is its very want to have ever before it some image loftier
than itself! Stranger, in what realm above, when the grave is past,
shall my soul, hour after hour, worship at the same source as thine?


“In the gardens of my neighbour there is a small fountain. I stood by it
this morning after sunrise. How it sprung up, with its eager spray, to
the sunbeams! And then I thought that I should see thee again this day,
and so sprung my heart to the new morning which thou bringest me from
the skies.


“I HAVE seen, I have LISTENED to thee again. How bold I have become! I
ran on with my childlike thoughts and stories, my recollections of the
past, as if I had known thee from an infant. Suddenly the idea of my
presumption struck me. I stopped, and timidly sought thine eyes.

“‘Well, and when you found that the nightingale refused to sing?’--

“‘Ah!’ I said, ‘what to thee this history of the heart of a child?’

“‘Viola,’ didst thou answer, with that voice, so inexpressibly calm
and earnest!--‘Viola, the darkness of a child’s heart is often but the
shadow of a star. Speak on! And thy nightingale, when they caught and
caged it, refused to sing?’

“‘And I placed the cage yonder, amidst the vine-leaves, and took up my
lute, and spoke to it on the strings; for I thought that all music was
its native language, and it would understand that I sought to comfort

“‘Yes,’ saidst thou. ‘And at last it answered thee, but not with
song,--in a sharp, brief cry; so mournful, that thy hands let fall the
lute, and the tears gushed from thine eyes. So softly didst thou unbar
the cage, and the nightingale flew into yonder thicket; and thou heardst
the foliage rustle, and, looking through the moonlight, thine eyes saw
that it had found its mate. It sang to thee then from the boughs a long,
loud, joyous jubilee. And musing, thou didst feel that it was not the
vine-leaves or the moonlight that made the bird give melody to night,
and that the secret of its music was the presence of a thing beloved.’

“How didst thou know my thoughts in that childlike time better than
I knew myself! How is the humble life of my past years, with its
mean events, so mysteriously familiar to thee, bright stranger! I
wonder,--but I do not again dare to fear thee!


“Once the thought of him oppressed and weighed me down. As an infant
that longs for the moon, my being was one vague desire for something
never to be attained. Now I feel rather as if to think of thee sufficed
to remove every fetter from my spirit. I float in the still seas of
light, and nothing seems too high for my wings, too glorious for my
eyes. It was mine ignorance that made me fear thee. A knowledge that is
not in books seems to breathe around thee as an atmosphere. How little
have I read!--how little have I learned! Yet when thou art by my side,
it seems as if the veil were lifted from all wisdom and all Nature. I
startle when I look even at the words I have written; they seem not to
come from myself, but are the signs of another language which thou hast
taught my heart, and which my hand traces rapidly, as at thy dictation.
Sometimes, while I write or muse, I could fancy that I heard light wings
hovering around me, and saw dim shapes of beauty floating round, and
vanishing as they smiled upon me. No unquiet and fearful dream ever
comes to me now in sleep, yet sleep and waking are alike but as one
dream. In sleep I wander with thee, not through the paths of earth, but
through impalpable air--an air which seems a music--upward and upward,
as the soul mounts on the tones of a lyre! Till I knew thee, I was as a
slave to the earth. Thou hast given to me the liberty of the universe!
Before, it was life; it seems to me now as if I had commenced eternity!


“Formerly, when I was to appear upon the stage, my heart beat more
loudly. I trembled to encounter the audience, whose breath gave shame or
renown; and now I have no fear of them. I see them, heed them, hear them
not! I know that there will be music in my voice, for it is a hymn that
I pour to thee. Thou never comest to the theatre; and that no longer
grieves me. Thou art become too sacred to appear a part of the common
world, and I feel glad that thou art not by when crowds have a right to
judge me.


“And he spoke to me of ANOTHER: to another he would consign me! No, it
is not love that I feel for thee, Zanoni; or why did I hear thee without
anger, why did thy command seem to me not a thing impossible? As
the strings of the instrument obey the hand of the master, thy look
modulates the wildest chords of my heart to thy will. If it please
thee,--yes, let it be so. Thou art lord of my destinies; they cannot
rebel against thee! I almost think I could love him, whoever it be, on
whom thou wouldst shed the rays that circumfuse thyself. Whatever thou
hast touched, I love; whatever thou speakest of, I love. Thy hand played
with these vine leaves; I wear them in my bosom. Thou seemest to me the
source of all love; too high and too bright to be loved thyself,
but darting light into other objects, on which the eye can gaze less
dazzled. No, no; it is not love that I feel for thee, and therefore
it is that I do not blush to nourish and confess it. Shame on me if I
loved, knowing myself so worthless a thing to thee!


“ANOTHER!--my memory echoes back that word. Another! Dost thou mean that
I shall see thee no more? It is not sadness,--it is not despair that
seizes me. I cannot weep. It is an utter sense of desolation. I am
plunged back into the common life; and I shudder coldly at the solitude.
But I will obey thee, if thou wilt. Shall I not see thee again beyond
the grave? O how sweet it were to die!

“Why do I not struggle from the web in which my will is thus entangled?
Hast thou a right to dispose of me thus? Give me back--give me back the
life I knew before I gave life itself away to thee. Give me back the
careless dreams of my youth,---my liberty of heart that sung aloud as it
walked the earth. Thou hast disenchanted me of everything that is not
of thyself. Where was the sin, at least, to think of thee,--to see thee?
Thy kiss still glows upon my hand; is that hand mine to bestow? Thy kiss
claimed and hallowed it to thyself. Stranger, I will NOT obey thee.


“Another day,--one day of the fatal three is gone! It is strange to me
that since the sleep of the last night, a deep calm has settled upon my
breast. I feel so assured that my very being is become a part of thee,
that I cannot believe that my life can be separated from thine; and in
this conviction I repose, and smile even at thy words and my own
fears. Thou art fond of one maxim, which thou repeatest in a thousand
forms,--that the beauty of the soul is faith; that as ideal loveliness
to the sculptor, faith is to the heart; that faith, rightly understood,
extends over all the works of the Creator, whom we can know but through
belief; that it embraces a tranquil confidence in ourselves, and a
serene repose as to our future; that it is the moonlight that sways the
tides of the human sea. That faith I comprehend now. I reject all doubt,
all fear. I know that I have inextricably linked the whole that makes
the inner life to thee; and thou canst not tear me from thee, if
thou wouldst! And this change from struggle into calm came to me
with sleep,--a sleep without a dream; but when I woke, it was with
a mysterious sense of happiness,--an indistinct memory of something
blessed,--as if thou hadst cast from afar off a smile upon my slumber.
At night I was so sad; not a blossom that had not closed itself up, as
if never more to open to the sun; and the night itself, in the heart
as on the earth, has ripened the blossoms into flowers. The world is
beautiful once more, but beautiful in repose,--not a breeze stirs thy
tree, not a doubt my soul!”


     Tu vegga o per violenzia o per inganno
     Patire o disonore o mortal danno.
     “Orlando Furioso,” Cant. xlii. i.

     (Thou art about, either through violence or artifice, to suffer
     either dishonour or mortal loss.)

It was a small cabinet; the walls were covered with pictures, one of
which was worth more than the whole lineage of the owner of the palace.
Oh, yes! Zanoni was right. The painter IS a magician; the gold he at
least wrings from his crucible is no delusion. A Venetian noble might be
a fribble, or an assassin,--a scoundrel, or a dolt; worthless, or worse
than worthless, yet he might have sat to Titian, and his portrait may
be inestimable,--a few inches of painted canvas a thousand times more
valuable than a man with his veins and muscles, brain, will, heart, and

In this cabinet sat a man of about three-and-forty,--dark-eyed, sallow,
with short, prominent features, a massive conformation of jaw, and
thick, sensual, but resolute lips; this man was the Prince di --. His
form, above the middle height, and rather inclined to corpulence, was
clad in a loose dressing-robe of rich brocade. On a table before him lay
an old-fashioned sword and hat, a mask, dice and dice-box, a portfolio,
and an inkstand of silver curiously carved.

“Well, Mascari,” said the prince, looking up towards his parasite, who
stood by the embrasure of the deep-set barricadoed window,--“well! the
Cardinal sleeps with his fathers. I require comfort for the loss of
so excellent a relation; and where a more dulcet voice than Viola

“Is your Excellency serious? So soon after the death of his Eminence?”

“It will be the less talked of, and I the less suspected. Hast thou
ascertained the name of the insolent who baffled us that night, and
advised the Cardinal the next day?”

“Not yet.”

“Sapient Mascari! I will inform thee. It was the strange Unknown.”

“The Signor Zanoni! Are you sure, my prince?”

“Mascari, yes. There is a tone in that man’s voice that I never can
mistake; so clear, and so commanding, when I hear it I almost fancy
there is such a thing as conscience. However, we must rid ourselves of
an impertinent. Mascari, Signor Zanoni hath not yet honoured our poor
house with his presence. He is a distinguished stranger,--we must give a
banquet in his honour.”

“Ah, and the Cyprus wine! The cypress is a proper emblem of the grave.”

“But this anon. I am superstitious; there are strange stories of
Zanoni’s power and foresight; remember the death of Ughelli. No matter,
though the Fiend were his ally, he should not rob me of my prize; no,
nor my revenge.”

“Your Excellency is infatuated; the actress has bewitched you.”

“Mascari,” said the prince, with a haughty smile, “through these veins
rolls the blood of the old Visconti--of those who boasted that no woman
ever escaped their lust, and no man their resentment. The crown of my
fathers has shrunk into a gewgaw and a toy,--their ambition and their
spirit are undecayed! My honour is now enlisted in this pursuit,--Viola
must be mine!”

“Another ambuscade?” said Mascari, inquiringly.

“Nay, why not enter the house itself?--the situation is lonely, and the
door is not made of iron.”

“But what if, on her return home, she tell the tale of our violence? A
house forced,--a virgin stolen! Reflect; though the feudal privileges
are not destroyed, even a Visconti is not now above the law.”

“Is he not, Mascari? Fool! in what age of the world, even if the Madmen
of France succeed in their chimeras, will the iron of law not bend
itself, like an osier twig, to the strong hand of power and gold? But
look not so pale, Mascari; I have foreplanned all things. The day that
she leaves this palace, she will leave it for France, with Monsieur Jean

Before Mascari could reply, the gentleman of the chamber announced the
Signor Zanoni.

The prince involuntarily laid his hand upon the sword placed on the
table, then with a smile at his own impulse, rose, and met his visitor
at the threshold, with all the profuse and respectful courtesy of
Italian simulation.

“This is an honour highly prized,” said the prince. “I have long desired
to clasp the hand of one so distinguished.”

“And I give it in the spirit with which you seek it,” replied Zanoni.

The Neapolitan bowed over the hand he pressed; but as he touched it a
shiver came over him, and his heart stood still. Zanoni bent on him his
dark, smiling eyes, and then seated himself with a familiar air.

“Thus it is signed and sealed; I mean our friendship, noble prince. And
now I will tell you the object of my visit. I find, Excellency, that,
unconsciously perhaps, we are rivals. Can we not accommodate out

“Ah!” said the prince, carelessly, “you, then, were the cavalier who
robbed me of the reward of my chase. All stratagems fair in love, as in
war. Reconcile our pretensions! Well, here is the dice-box; let us throw
for her. He who casts the lowest shall resign his claim.”

“Is this a decision by which you will promise to be bound?”

“Yes, on my faith.”

“And for him who breaks his word so plighted, what shall be the

“The sword lies next to the dice-box, Signor Zanoni. Let him who stands
not by his honour fall by the sword.”

“And you invoke that sentence if either of us fail his word? Be it so;
let Signor Mascari cast for us.”

“Well said!--Mascari, the dice!”

The prince threw himself back in his chair; and, world-hardened as he
was, could not suppress the glow of triumph and satisfaction that spread
itself over his features. Mascari took up the three dice, and rattled
them noisily in the box. Zanoni, leaning his cheek on his hand, and
bending over the table, fixed his eyes steadfastly on the parasite;
Mascari in vain struggled to extricate from that searching gaze; he grew
pale, and trembled, he put down the box.

“I give the first throw to your Excellency. Signor Mascari, be pleased
to terminate our suspense.”

Again Mascari took up the box; again his hand shook so that the dice
rattled within. He threw; the numbers were sixteen.

“It is a high throw,” said Zanoni, calmly; “nevertheless, Signor
Mascari, I do not despond.”

Mascari gathered up the dice, shook the box, and rolled the contents
once more on the table: the number was the highest that can be

The prince darted a glance of fire at his minion, who stood with gaping
mouth, staring at the dice, and trembling from head to foot.

“I have won, you see,” said Zanoni; “may we be friends still?”

“Signor,” said the prince, obviously struggling with anger and
confusion, “the victory is yours. But pardon me, you have spoken lightly
of this young girl,--will anything tempt you to yield your claim?”

“Ah, do not think so ill of my gallantry; and,” resumed Zanoni, with a
stern meaning in his voice, “forget not the forfeit your own lips have

The prince knit his brow, but constrained the haughty answer that was
his first impulse.

“Enough!” he said, forcing a smile; “I yield. Let me prove that I do not
yield ungraciously; will you favour me with your presence at a little
feast I propose to give in honour,” he added, with a sardonic mockery,
“of the elevation of my kinsman, the late Cardinal, of pious memory, to
the true seat of St. Peter?”

“It is, indeed, a happiness to hear one command of yours I can obey.”

Zanoni then turned the conversation, talked lightly and gayly, and soon
afterwards departed.

“Villain!” then exclaimed the prince, grasping Mascari by the collar,
“you betrayed me!”

“I assure your Excellency that the dice were properly arranged; he
should have thrown twelve; but he is the Devil, and that’s the end of

“There is no time to be lost,” said the prince, quitting his hold of his
parasite, who quietly resettled his cravat.

“My blood is up,--I will win this girl, if I die for it! What noise is

“It is but the sword of your illustrious ancestor that has fallen from
the table.”


     Il ne faut appeler aucun ordre si ce n’est en tems clair et
     “Les Clavicules du Rabbi Salomon.”

     (No order of spirits must be invoked unless the weather be clear
     and serene.)

Letter from Zanoni to Mejnour.

My art is already dim and troubled. I have lost the tranquillity which
is power. I cannot influence the decisions of those whom I would most
guide to the shore; I see them wander farther and deeper into the
infinite ocean where our barks sail evermore to the horizon that flies
before us! Amazed and awed to find that I can only warn where I would
control, I have looked into my own soul. It is true that the desires of
earth chain me to the present, and shut me from the solemn secrets which
Intellect, purified from all the dross of the clay, alone can examine
and survey. The stern condition on which we hold our nobler and diviner
gifts darkens our vision towards the future of those for whom we know
the human infirmities of jealousy or hate or love. Mejnour, all around
me is mist and haze; I have gone back in our sublime existence; and
from the bosom of the imperishable youth that blooms only in the spirit,
springs up the dark poison-flower of human love.

This man is not worthy of her,--I know that truth; yet in his nature
are the seeds of good and greatness, if the tares and weeds of worldly
vanities and fears would suffer them to grow. If she were his, and I had
thus transplanted to another soil the passion that obscures my gaze and
disarms my power, unseen, unheard, unrecognised, I could watch over his
fate, and secretly prompt his deeds, and minister to her welfare through
his own. But time rushes on! Through the shadows that encircle me, I
see, gathering round her, the darkest dangers. No choice but flight,--no
escape save with him or me. With me!--the rapturous thought,--the
terrible conviction! With me! Mejnour, canst thou wonder that I would
save her from myself? A moment in the life of ages,--a bubble on the
shoreless sea. What else to me can be human love? And in this exquisite
nature of hers,--more pure, more spiritual, even in its young affections
than ever heretofore the countless volumes of the heart, race after
race, have given to my gaze: there is yet a deep-buried feeling
that warns me of inevitable woe. Thou austere and remorseless
Hierophant,--thou who hast sought to convert to our brotherhood every
spirit that seemed to thee most high and bold,--even thou knowest, by
horrible experience, how vain the hope to banish FEAR from the heart of

My life would be to her one marvel. Even if, on the other hand, I sought
to guide her path through the realms of terror to the light, think of
the Haunter of the Threshold, and shudder with me at the awful hazard!
I have endeavoured to fill the Englishman’s ambition with the true
glory of his art; but the restless spirit of his ancestor still seems to
whisper in him, and to attract to the spheres in which it lost its own
wandering way. There is a mystery in man’s inheritance from his fathers.
Peculiarities of the mind, as diseases of the body, rest dormant for
generations, to revive in some distant descendant, baffle all treatment
and elude all skill. Come to me from thy solitude amidst the wrecks of
Rome! I pant for a living confidant,--for one who in the old time has
himself known jealousy and love. I have sought commune with Adon-Ai; but
his presence, that once inspired such heavenly content with knowledge,
and so serene a confidence in destiny, now only troubles and perplexes
me. From the height from which I strive to search into the shadows of
things to come, I see confused spectres of menace and wrath. Methinks I
behold a ghastly limit to the wondrous existence I have held,--methinks
that, after ages of the Ideal Life, I see my course merge into the most
stormy whirlpool of the Real. Where the stars opened to me their gates,
there looms a scaffold,--thick steams of blood rise as from a shambles.
What is more strange to me, a creature here, a very type of the false
ideal of common men,--body and mind, a hideous mockery of the art that
shapes the Beautiful, and the desires that seek the Perfect, ever haunts
my vision amidst these perturbed and broken clouds of the fate to be.
By that shadowy scaffold it stands and gibbers at me, with lips dropping
slime and gore. Come, O friend of the far-time; for me, at least, thy
wisdom has not purged away thy human affections. According to the bonds
of our solemn order, reduced now to thee and myself, lone survivors of
so many haughty and glorious aspirants, thou art pledged, too, to warn
the descendant of those whom thy counsels sought to initiate into the
great secret in a former age. The last of that bold Visconti who was
once thy pupil is the relentless persecutor of this fair child. With
thoughts of lust and murder, he is digging his own grave; thou mayest
yet daunt him from his doom. And I also mysteriously, by the same bond,
am pledged to obey, if he so command, a less guilty descendant of a
baffled but nobler student. If he reject my counsel, and insist upon
the pledge, Mejnour, thou wilt have another neophyte. Beware of another
victim! Come to me! This will reach thee with all speed. Answer it by
the pressure of one hand that I can dare to clasp!


     Il lupo
     Ferito, credo, mi conobbe e ‘ncontro
     Mi venne con la bocca sanguinosa.
     “Aminta,” At. iv. Sc. i.

     (The wounded wolf, I think, knew me, and came to meet me with its
     bloody mouth.)

At Naples, the tomb of Virgil, beetling over the cave of Posilipo, is
reverenced, not with the feelings that should hallow the memory of the
poet, but the awe that wraps the memory of the magician. To his charms
they ascribe the hollowing of that mountain passage; and tradition yet
guards his tomb by the spirits he had raised to construct the cavern.
This spot, in the immediate vicinity of Viola’s home, had often
attracted her solitary footsteps. She had loved the dim and solemn
fancies that beset her as she looked into the lengthened gloom of the
grotto, or, ascending to the tomb, gazed from the rock on the dwarfed
figures of the busy crowd that seemed to creep like insects along the
windings of the soil below; and now, at noon, she bent thither her
thoughtful way. She threaded the narrow path, she passed the gloomy
vineyard that clambers up the rock, and gained the lofty spot, green
with moss and luxuriant foliage, where the dust of him who yet soothes
and elevates the minds of men is believed to rest. From afar rose the
huge fortress of St. Elmo, frowning darkly amidst spires and domes that
glittered in the sun. Lulled in its azure splendour lay the Siren’s sea;
and the grey smoke of Vesuvius, in the clear distance, soared like
a moving pillar into the lucid sky. Motionless on the brink of the
precipice, Viola looked upon the lovely and living world that stretched
below; and the sullen vapour of Vesuvius fascinated her eye yet more
than the scattered gardens, or the gleaming Caprea, smiling amidst the
smiles of the sea. She heard not a step that had followed her on her
path and started to hear a voice at hand. So sudden was the apparition
of the form that stood by her side, emerging from the bushes that clad
the crags, and so singularly did it harmonise in its uncouth ugliness
with the wild nature of the scene immediately around her, and the wizard
traditions of the place, that the colour left her cheek, and a faint cry
broke from her lips.

“Tush, pretty trembler!--do not be frightened at my face,” said the
man, with a bitter smile. “After three months’ marriage, there is no
different between ugliness and beauty. Custom is a great leveller. I was
coming to your house when I saw you leave it; so, as I have matters of
importance to communicate, I ventured to follow your footsteps. My name
is Jean Nicot, a name already favourably known as a French artist. The
art of painting and the art of music are nearly connected, and the stage
is an altar that unites the two.”

There was something frank and unembarrassed in the man’s address that
served to dispel the fear his appearance had occasioned. He seated
himself, as he spoke, on a crag beside her, and, looking up steadily
into her face, continued:--

“You are very beautiful, Viola Pisani, and I am not surprised at the
number of your admirers. If I presume to place myself in the list, it is
because I am the only one who loves thee honestly, and woos thee fairly.
Nay, look not so indignant! Listen to me. Has the Prince di -- ever
spoken to thee of marriage; or the beautiful imposter Zanoni, or the
young blue-eyed Englishman, Clarence Glyndon? It is marriage,--it is a
home, it is safety, it is reputation, that I offer to thee; and these
last when the straight form grows crooked, and the bright eyes dim. What
say you?” and he attempted to seize her hand.

Viola shrunk from him, and silently turned to depart. He rose abruptly
and placed himself on her path.

“Actress, you must hear me! Do you know what this calling of the stage
is in the eyes of prejudice,--that is, of the common opinion of mankind?
It is to be a princess before the lamps, and a Pariah before the day.
No man believes in your virtue, no man credits your vows; you are the
puppet that they consent to trick out with tinsel for their amusement,
not an idol for their worship. Are you so enamoured of this career
that you scorn even to think of security and honour? Perhaps you are
different from what you seem. Perhaps you laugh at the prejudice that
would degrade you, and would wisely turn it to advantage. Speak frankly
to me; I have no prejudice either. Sweet one, I am sure we should agree.
Now, this Prince di --, I have a message from him. Shall I deliver it?”

Never had Viola felt as she felt then, never had she so thoroughly seen
all the perils of her forelorn condition and her fearful renown. Nicot

“Zanoni would but amuse himself with thy vanity; Glyndon would despise
himself, if he offered thee his name, and thee, if thou wouldst accept
it; but the Prince di -- is in earnest, and he is wealthy. Listen!”

And Nicot approached his lips to her, and hissed a sentence which she
did not suffer him to complete. She darted from him with one glance of
unutterable disdain. As he strove to regain his hold of her arm, he
lost his footing, and fell down the sides of the rock till, bruised and
lacerated, a pine-branch saved him from the yawning abyss below. She
heard his exclamation of rage and pain as she bounded down the path,
and, without once turning to look behind, regained her home. By the
porch stood Glyndon, conversing with Gionetta. She passed him
abruptly, entered the house, and, sinking on the floor, wept loud and

Glyndon, who had followed her in surprise, vainly sought to soothe and
calm her. She would not reply to his questions; she did not seem to
listen to his protestations of love, till suddenly, as Nicot’s terrible
picture of the world’s judgment of that profession which to her younger
thoughts had seemed the service of Song and the Beautiful, forced itself
upon her, she raised her face from her hands, and, looking steadily upon
the Englishman, said, “False one, dost thou talk of me of love?”

“By my honour, words fail to tell thee how I love!”

“Wilt thou give me thy home, thy name? Dost thou woo me as thy wife?”
 And at that moment, had Glyndon answered as his better angel would have
counselled, perhaps, in that revolution of her whole mind which the
words of Nicot had effected, which made her despise her very self,
sicken of her lofty dreams, despair of the future, and distrust her
whole ideal,--perhaps, I say, in restoring her self-esteem,--he would
have won her confidence, and ultimately secured her love. But against
the prompting of his nobler nature rose up at that sudden question all
those doubts which, as Zanoni had so well implied, made the true enemies
of his soul. Was he thus suddenly to be entangled into a snare laid for
his credulity by deceivers? Was she not instructed to seize the moment
to force him into an avowal which prudence must repent? Was not the
great actress rehearsing a premeditated part? He turned round, as these
thoughts, the children of the world, passed across him, for he literally
fancied that he heard the sarcastic laugh of Mervale without. Nor was
he deceived. Mervale was passing by the threshold, and Gionetta had told
him his friend was within. Who does not know the effect of the world’s
laugh? Mervale was the personation of the world. The whole world seemed
to shout derision in those ringing tones. He drew back,--he recoiled.
Viola followed him with her earnest, impatient eyes. At last, he
faltered forth, “Do all of thy profession, beautiful Viola, exact
marriage as the sole condition of love?” Oh, bitter question! Oh,
poisoned taunt! He repented it the moment after. He was seized with
remorse of reason, of feeling, and of conscience. He saw her form
shrink, as it were, at his cruel words. He saw the colour come and go,
to leave the writhing lips like marble; and then, with a sad, gentle
look of self-pity, rather than reproach, she pressed her hands tightly
to her bosom, and said,--

“He was right! Pardon me, Englishman; I see now, indeed, that I am the
Pariah and the outcast.”

“Hear me. I retract. Viola, Viola! it is for you to forgive!”

But Viola waved him from her, and, smiling mournfully as she passed him
by, glided from the chamber; and he did not dare to detain her.


     Dafne:  Ma, chi lung’ e d’Amor?
     Tirsi:  Chi teme e fugge.
     Dafne:  E che giova fuggir da lui ch’ ha l’ ali?
     “Aminta,” At. ii. Sc. ii.

     (Dafne:  But, who is far from Love?
     Tirsi:  He who fears and flies.
     Dafne:  What use to flee from one who has wings?
     Tirsi:  The wings of Love, while he yet grows, are short.)

When Glyndon found himself without Viola’s house, Mervale, still
loitering at the door, seized his arm. Glyndon shook him off abruptly.

“Thou and thy counsels,” said he, bitterly, “have made me a coward and
a wretch. But I will go home,--I will write to her. I will pour out my
whole soul; she will forgive me yet.”

Mervale, who was a man of imperturbable temper, arranged his ruffles,
which his friend’s angry gesture had a little discomposed, and not till
Glyndon had exhausted himself awhile by passionate exclamations and
reproaches, did the experienced angler begin to tighten the line. He
then drew from Glyndon the explanation of what had passed, and artfully
sought not to irritate, but soothe him. Mervale, indeed, was by no means
a bad man; he had stronger moral notions than are common amongst the
young. He sincerely reproved his friend for harbouring dishonourable
intentions with regard to the actress. “Because I would not have her thy
wife, I never dreamed that thou shouldst degrade her to thy mistress.
Better of the two an imprudent match than an illicit connection. But
pause yet, do not act on the impulse of the moment.”

“But there is no time to lose. I have promised to Zanoni to give him my
answer by to-morrow night. Later than that time, all option ceases.”

“Ah!” said Mervale, “this seems suspicious. Explain yourself.”

And Glyndon, in the earnestness of his passion, told his friend what
had passed between himself and Zanoni,--suppressing only, he scarce knew
why, the reference to his ancestor and the mysterious brotherhood.

This recital gave to Mervale all the advantage he could desire. Heavens!
with what sound, shrewd common-sense he talked. How evidently some
charlatanic coalition between the actress, and perhaps,--who knows?--her
clandestine protector, sated with possession! How equivocal the
character of one,--the position of the other! What cunning in the
question of the actress! How profoundly had Glyndon, at the first
suggestion of his sober reason, seen through the snare. What! was he
to be thus mystically cajoled and hurried into a rash marriage, because
Zanoni, a mere stranger, told him with a grave face that he must decide
before the clock struck a certain hour?

“Do this at least,” said Mervale, reasonably enough,--“wait till the
time expires; it is but another day. Baffle Zanoni. He tells thee that
he will meet thee before midnight to-morrow, and defies thee to avoid
him. Pooh! let us quit Naples for some neighbouring place, where, unless
he be indeed the Devil, he cannot possibly find us. Show him that you
will not be led blindfold even into an act that you meditate yourself.
Defer to write to her, or to see her, till after to-morrow. This is all
I ask. Then visit her, and decide for yourself.”

Glyndon was staggered. He could not combat the reasonings of his friend;
he was not convinced, but he hesitated; and at that moment Nicot passed
them. He turned round, and stopped, as he saw Glyndon.

“Well, and do you think still of the Pisani?”

“Yes; and you--”

“Have seen and conversed with her. She shall be Madame Nicot before this
day week! I am going to the cafe, in the Toledo; and hark ye, when next
you meet your friend Signor Zanoni, tell him that he has twice crossed
my path. Jean Nicot, though a painter, is a plain, honest man, and
always pays his debts.”

“It is a good doctrine in money matters,” said Mervale; “as to revenge,
it is not so moral, and certainly not so wise. But is it in your love
that Zanoni has crossed your path? How that, if your suit prosper so

“Ask Viola Pisani that question. Bah! Glyndon, she is a prude only to
thee. But I have no prejudices. Once more, farewell.”

“Rouse thyself, man!” said Mervale, slapping Glyndon on the shoulder.
“What think you of your fair one now?”

“This man must lie.”

“Will you write to her at once?”

“No; if she be really playing a game, I could renounce her without a
sigh. I will watch her closely; and, at all events, Zanoni shall not be
the master of my fate. Let us, as you advise, leave Naples at daybreak


     O chiunque tu sia, che fuor d’ogni uso
     Pieghi Natura ad opre altere e strane,
     E, spiando i segreti, entri al piu chiuso
     Spazi’ a tua voglia delle menti umane--Deh, Dimmi!
     “Gerus. Lib.,” Cant. x. xviii.

     (O thou, whoever thou art, who through every use bendest Nature
     to works foreign and strange; and by spying into her secrets,
     enterest at thy will into the closest recesses of the human
     mind,--O speak!  O tell me!)

Early the next morning the young Englishmen mounted their horses, and
took the road towards Baiae. Glyndon left word at his hotel, that if
Signor Zanoni sought him, it was in the neighbourhood of that once
celebrated watering-place of the ancients that he should be found.

They passed by Viola’s house, but Glyndon resisted the temptation of
pausing there; and after threading the grotto of Posilipo, they wound
by a circuitous route back into the suburbs of the city, and took the
opposite road, which conducts to Portici and Pompeii. It was late at
noon when they arrived at the former of these places. Here they halted
to dine; for Mervale had heard much of the excellence of the macaroni at
Portici, and Mervale was a bon vivant.

They put up at an inn of very humble pretensions, and dined under an
awning. Mervale was more than usually gay; he pressed the lacrima upon
his friend, and conversed gayly.

“Well, my dear friend, we have foiled Signor Zanoni in one of his
predictions at least. You will have no faith in him hereafter.”

“The ides are come, not gone.”

“Tush! If he be the soothsayer, you are not the Caesar. It is your
vanity that makes you credulous. Thank Heaven, I do not think myself of
such importance that the operations of Nature should be changed in order
to frighten me.”

“But why should the operations of Nature be changed? There may be a
deeper philosophy than we dream of,--a philosophy that discovers the
secrets of Nature, but does not alter, by penetrating, its courses.”

“Ah, you relapse into your heretical credulity; you seriously suppose
Zanoni to be a prophet,--a reader of the future; perhaps an associate of
genii and spirits!”

Here the landlord, a little, fat, oily fellow, came up with a fresh
bottle of lacrima. He hoped their Excellencies were pleased. He was most
touched--touched to the heart, that they liked the macaroni. Were their
Excellencies going to Vesuvius? There was a slight eruption; they could
not see it where they were, but it was pretty, and would be prettier
still after sunset.

“A capital idea!” cried Mervale. “What say you, Glyndon?”

“I have not yet seen an eruption; I should like it much.”

“But is there no danger?” asked the prudent Mervale.

“Oh, not at all; the mountain is very civil at present. It only plays a
little, just to amuse their Excellencies the English.”

“Well, order the horses, and bring the bill; we will go before it is
dark. Clarence, my friend,--nunc est bibendum; but take care of the pede
libero, which will scarce do for walking on lava!”

The bottle was finished, the bill paid; the gentlemen mounted, the
landlord bowed, and they bent their way, in the cool of the delightful
evening, towards Resina.

The wine, perhaps the excitement of his thoughts, animated Glyndon,
whose unequal spirits were, at times, high and brilliant as those of a
schoolboy released; and the laughter of the Northern tourists sounded
oft and merrily along the melancholy domains of buried cities.

Hesperus had lighted his lamp amidst the rosy skies as they arrived at
Resina. Here they quitted their horses, and took mules and a guide.
As the sky grew darker and more dark, the mountain fire burned with an
intense lustre. In various streaks and streamlets, the fountain of flame
rolled down the dark summit, and the Englishmen began to feel increase
upon them, as they ascended, that sensation of solemnity and awe which
makes the very atmosphere that surrounds the Giant of the Plains of the
Antique Hades.

It was night, when, leaving the mules, they ascended on foot,
accompanied by their guide, and a peasant who bore a rude torch. The
guide was a conversable, garrulous fellow, like most of his country
and his calling; and Mervale, who possessed a sociable temper, loved to
amuse or to instruct himself on every incidental occasion.

“Ah, Excellency,” said the guide, “your countrymen have a strong passion
for the volcano. Long life to them, they bring us plenty of money! If
our fortunes depended on the Neapolitans, we should starve.”

“True, they have no curiosity,” said Mervale. “Do you remember, Glyndon,
the contempt with which that old count said to us, ‘You will go to
Vesuvius, I suppose? I have never been; why should I go? You have cold,
you have hunger, you have fatigue, you have danger, and all for
nothing but to see fire, which looks just as well in a brazier as on a
mountain.’ Ha! ha! the old fellow was right.”

“But, Excellency,” said the guide, “that is not all: some cavaliers
think to ascend the mountain without our help. I am sure they deserve to
tumble into the crater.”

“They must be bold fellows to go alone; you don’t often find such.”

“Sometimes among the French, signor. But the other night--I never was
so frightened--I had been with an English party, and a lady had left a
pocket-book on the mountain, where she had been sketching. She offered
me a handsome sum to return for it, and bring it to her at Naples. So I
went in the evening. I found it, sure enough, and was about to return,
when I saw a figure that seemed to emerge from the crater itself. The
air there was so pestiferous that I could not have conceived a human
creature could breathe it, and live. I was so astounded that I stood
still as a stone, till the figure came over the hot ashes, and stood
before me, face to face. Santa Maria, what a head!”

“What! hideous?”

“No; so beautiful, but so terrible. It had nothing human in its aspect.”

“And what said the salamander?”

“Nothing! It did not even seem to perceive me, though I was near as I am
to you; but its eyes seemed to emerge prying into the air. It passed by
me quickly, and, walking across a stream of burning lava, soon vanished
on the other side of the mountain. I was curious and foolhardy, and
resolved to see if I could bear the atmosphere which this visitor had
left; but though I did not advance within thirty yards of the spot at
which he had first appeared, I was driven back by a vapour that wellnigh
stifled me. Cospetto! I have spat blood ever since.”

“Now will I lay a wager that you fancy this fire-king must be Zanoni,”
 whispered Mervale, laughing.

The little party had now arrived nearly at the summit of the mountain;
and unspeakably grand was the spectacle on which they gazed. From
the crater arose a vapour, intensely dark, that overspread the whole
background of the heavens; in the centre whereof rose a flame that
assumed a form singularly beautiful. It might have been compared to a
crest of gigantic feathers, the diadem of the mountain, high-arched, and
drooping downward, with the hues delicately shaded off, and the whole
shifting and tremulous as the plumage on a warrior’s helmet.

The glare of the flame spread, luminous and crimson, over the dark and
rugged ground on which they stood, and drew an innumerable variety of
shadows from crag and hollow. An oppressive and sulphureous exhalation
served to increase the gloomy and sublime terror of the place. But on
turning from the mountain, and towards the distant and unseen ocean, the
contrast was wonderfully great; the heavens serene and blue, the stars
still and calm as the eyes of Divine Love. It was as if the realms of
the opposing principles of Evil and of Good were brought in one
view before the gaze of man! Glyndon--once more the enthusiast, the
artist--was enchained and entranced by emotions vague and undefinable,
half of delight and half of pain. Leaning on the shoulder of his friend,
he gazed around him, and heard with deepening awe the rumbling of the
earth below, the wheels and voices of the Ministry of Nature in her
darkest and most inscrutable recess. Suddenly, as a bomb from a shell,
a huge stone was flung hundreds of yards up from the jaws of the crater,
and falling with a mighty crash upon the rock below, split into ten
thousand fragments, which bounded down the sides of the mountain,
sparkling and groaning as they went. One of these, the largest fragment,
struck the narrow space of soil between the Englishmen and the guide,
not three feet from the spot where the former stood. Mervale uttered an
exclamation of terror, and Glyndon held his breath, and shuddered.

“Diavolo!” cried the guide. “Descend, Excellencies,--descend! we have
not a moment to lose; follow me close!”

So saying, the guide and the peasant fled with as much swiftness as they
were able to bring to bear. Mervale, ever more prompt and ready than his
friend, imitated their example; and Glyndon, more confused than alarmed,
followed close. But they had not gone many yards, before, with a rushing
and sudden blast, came from the crater an enormous volume of vapour. It
pursued,--it overtook, it overspread them. It swept the light from the
heavens. All was abrupt and utter darkness; and through the gloom was
heard the shout of the guide, already distant, and lost in an instant
amidst the sound of the rushing gust and the groans of the earth
beneath. Glyndon paused. He was separated from his friend, from the
guide. He was alone,--with the Darkness and the Terror. The vapour
rolled sullenly away; the form of the plumed fire was again dimly
visible, and its struggling and perturbed reflection again shed a
glow over the horrors of the path. Glyndon recovered himself, and sped
onward. Below, he heard the voice of Mervale calling on him, though
he no longer saw his form. The sound served as a guide. Dizzy and
breathless, he bounded forward; when--hark!--a sullen, slow rolling
sounded in his ear! He halted,--and turned back to gaze. The fire had
overflowed its course; it had opened itself a channel amidst the furrows
of the mountain. The stream pursued him fast--fast; and the hot breath
of the chasing and preternatural foe came closer and closer upon his
cheek! He turned aside; he climbed desperately with hands and feet upon
a crag that, to the right, broke the scathed and blasted level of the
soil. The stream rolled beside and beneath him, and then taking a sudden
wind round the spot on which he stood, interposed its liquid fire,--a
broad and impassable barrier between his resting-place and escape. There
he stood, cut off from descent, and with no alternative but to retrace
his steps towards the crater, and thence seek, without guide or clew,
some other pathway.

For a moment his courage left him; he cried in despair, and in that
overstrained pitch of voice which is never heard afar off, to the guide,
to Mervale, to return to aid him.

No answer came; and the Englishman, thus abandoned solely to his own
resources, felt his spirit and energy rise against the danger. He turned
back, and ventured as far towards the crater as the noxious exhalation
would permit; then, gazing below, carefully and deliberately he chalked
out for himself a path by which he trusted to shun the direction the
fire-stream had taken, and trod firmly and quickly over the crumbling
and heated strata.

He had proceeded about fifty yards, when he halted abruptly; an
unspeakable and unaccountable horror, not hitherto experienced amidst
all his peril, came over him. He shook in every limb; his muscles
refused his will,--he felt, as it were, palsied and death-stricken. The
horror, I say, was unaccountable, for the path seemed clear and safe.
The fire, above and behind, burned clear and far; and beyond, the stars
lent him their cheering guidance. No obstacle was visible,--no danger
seemed at hand. As thus, spell-bound, and panic-stricken, he stood
chained to the soil,--his breast heaving, large drops rolling down his
brow, and his eyes starting wildly from their sockets,--he saw before
him, at some distance, gradually shaping itself more and more distinctly
to his gaze, a colossal shadow; a shadow that seemed partially borrowed
from the human shape, but immeasurably above the human stature; vague,
dark, almost formless; and differing, he could not tell where or why,
not only from the proportions, but also from the limbs and outline of

The glare of the volcano, that seemed to shrink and collapse from this
gigantic and appalling apparition, nevertheless threw its light,
redly and steadily, upon another shape that stood beside, quiet and
motionless; and it was, perhaps, the contrast of these two things--the
Being and the Shadow--that impressed the beholder with the difference
between them,--the Man and the Superhuman. It was but for a moment--nay,
for the tenth part of a moment--that this sight was permitted to the
wanderer. A second eddy of sulphureous vapours from the volcano, yet
more rapidly, yet more densely than its predecessor, rolled over the
mountain; and either the nature of the exhalation, or the excess of his
own dread, was such, that Glyndon, after one wild gasp for breath, fell
senseless on the earth.


     Was hab’ich,
     Wenn ich nicht Alles habe?--sprach der Jungling.
     “Das Verschleierte Bild zu Sais.”

     (“What have I, if I possess not All?” said the youth.)

Mervale and the Italians arrived in safety at the spot where they had
left the mules; and not till they had recovered their own alarm and
breath did they think of Glyndon. But then, as the minutes passed, and
he appeared not, Mervale, whose heart was as good at least as human
hearts are in general, grew seriously alarmed. He insisted on returning
to search for his friend; and by dint of prodigal promises prevailed at
last on the guide to accompany him. The lower part of the mountain lay
calm and white in the starlight; and the guide’s practised eye could
discern all objects on the surface at a considerable distance. They
had not, however, gone very far, before they perceived two forms slowly
approaching them.

As they came near, Mervale recognised the form of his friend. “Thank
Heaven, he is safe!” he cried, turning to the guide.

“Holy angels befriend us!” said the Italian, trembling,--“behold the
very being that crossed me last Friday night. It is he, but his face is
human now!”

“Signor Inglese,” said the voice of Zanoni, as Glyndon--pale, wan, and
silent--returned passively the joyous greeting of Mervale,--“Signor
Inglese, I told your friend that we should meet to-night. You see you
have NOT foiled my prediction.”

“But how?--but where?” stammered Mervale, in great confusion and

“I found your friend stretched on the ground, overpowered by the
mephitic exhalation of the crater. I bore him to a purer atmosphere; and
as I know the mountain well, I have conducted him safely to you. This is
all our history. You see, sir, that were it not for that prophecy which
you desired to frustrate, your friend would ere this time have been
a corpse; one minute more, and the vapour had done its work. Adieu;
goodnight, and pleasant dreams.”

“But, my preserver, you will not leave us?” said Glyndon, anxiously, and
speaking for the first time. “Will you not return with us?”

Zanoni paused, and drew Glyndon aside. “Young man,” said he, gravely,
“it is necessary that we should again meet to-night. It is necessary
that you should, ere the first hour of morning, decide on your own fate.
I know that you have insulted her whom you profess to love. It is not
too late to repent. Consult not your friend: he is sensible and wise;
but not now is his wisdom needed. There are times in life when, from the
imagination, and not the reason, should wisdom come,--this, for you, is
one of them. I ask not your answer now. Collect your thoughts,--recover
your jaded and scattered spirits. It wants two hours of midnight. Before
midnight I will be with you.”

“Incomprehensible being!” replied the Englishman, “I would leave the
life you have preserved in your own hands; but what I have seen this
night has swept even Viola from my thoughts. A fiercer desire than that
of love burns in my veins,--the desire not to resemble but to surpass
my kind; the desire to penetrate and to share the secret of your own
existence--the desire of a preternatural knowledge and unearthly power.
I make my choice. In my ancestor’s name, I adjure and remind thee of thy
pledge. Instruct me; school me; make me thine; and I surrender to thee
at once, and without a murmur, the woman whom, till I saw thee, I would
have defied a world to obtain.”

“I bid thee consider well: on the one hand, Viola, a tranquil home, a
happy and serene life; on the other hand, all is darkness,--darkness,
that even these eyes cannot penetrate.”

“But thou hast told me, that if I wed Viola, I must be contented with
the common existence,--if I refuse, it is to aspire to thy knowledge and
thy power.”

“Vain man, knowledge and power are not happiness.”

“But they are better than happiness. Say!--if I marry Viola, wilt thou
be my master,--my guide? Say this, and I am resolved.

“It were impossible.”

“Then I renounce her? I renounce love. I renounce happiness. Welcome
solitude,--welcome despair; if they are the entrances to thy dark and
sublime secret.”

“I will not take thy answer now. Before the last hour of night thou
shalt give it in one word,--ay or no! Farewell till then.”

Zanoni waved his hand, and, descending rapidly, was seen no more.

Glyndon rejoined his impatient and wondering friend; but Mervale, gazing
on his face, saw that a great change had passed there. The flexile and
dubious expression of youth was forever gone. The features were locked,
rigid, and stern; and so faded was the natural bloom, that an hour
seemed to have done the work of years.


     Was ist’s
     Das hinter diesem Schleier sich verbirgt?
     “Das Verschleierte Bild zu Sais.”

     (What is it that conceals itself behind this veil?)

On returning from Vesuvius or Pompeii, you enter Naples through its most
animated, its most Neapolitan quarter,--through that quarter in which
modern life most closely resembles the ancient; and in which, when, on
a fair-day, the thoroughfare swarms alike with Indolence and Trade, you
are impressed at once with the recollection of that restless, lively
race from which the population of Naples derives its origin; so that in
one day you may see at Pompeii the habitations of a remote age; and on
the Mole, at Naples, you may imagine you behold the very beings with
whom those habitations had been peopled.

But now, as the Englishmen rode slowly through the deserted streets,
lighted but by the lamps of heaven, all the gayety of day was hushed and
breathless. Here and there, stretched under a portico or a dingy booth,
were sleeping groups of houseless Lazzaroni,--a tribe now merging its
indolent individuality amidst an energetic and active population.

The Englishman rode on in silence; for Glyndon neither appeared to heed
nor hear the questions and comments of Mervale, and Mervale himself was
almost as weary as the jaded animal he bestrode.

Suddenly the silence of earth and ocean was broken by the sound of a
distant clock that proclaimed the quarter preceding the last hour of
night. Glyndon started from his reverie, and looked anxiously round. As
the final stroke died, the noise of hoofs rung on the broad stones of
the pavement, and from a narrow street to the right emerged the form of
a solitary horseman. He neared the Englishmen, and Glyndon recognised
the features and mien of Zanoni.

“What! do we meet again, signor?” said Mervale, in a vexed but drowsy

“Your friend and I have business together,” replied Zanoni, as
he wheeled his steed to the side of Glyndon. “But it will be soon
transacted. Perhaps you, sir, will ride on to your hotel.”


“There is no danger!” returned Zanoni, with a slight expression of
disdain in his voice.

“None to me; but to Glyndon?”

“Danger from me! Ah, perhaps you are right.”

“Go on, my dear Mervale,” said Glyndon; “I will join you before you
reach the hotel.”

Mervale nodded, whistled, and pushed his horse into a kind of amble.

“Now your answer,--quick?”

“I have decided. The love of Viola has vanished from my heart. The
pursuit is over.”

“You have decided?”

“I have; and now my reward.”

“Thy reward! Well; ere this hour to-morrow it shall await thee.”

Zanoni gave the rein to his horse; it sprang forward with a bound: the
sparks flew from its hoofs, and horse and rider disappeared amidst the
shadows of the street whence they had emerged.

Mervale was surprised to see his friend by his side, a minute after they
had parted.

“What has passed between you and Zanoni?”

“Mervale, do not ask me to-night! I am in a dream.”

“I do not wonder at it, for even I am in a sleep. Let us push on.”

In the retirement of his chamber, Glyndon sought to recollect his
thoughts. He sat down on the foot of his bed, and pressed his hands
tightly to his throbbing temples. The events of the last few hours; the
apparition of the gigantic and shadowy Companion of the Mystic, amidst
the fires and clouds of Vesuvius; the strange encounter with Zanoni
himself, on a spot in which he could never, by ordinary reasoning, have
calculated on finding Glyndon, filled his mind with emotions, in which
terror and awe the least prevailed. A fire, the train of which had been
long laid, was lighted at his heart,--the asbestos-fire that, once lit,
is never to be quenched. All his early aspirations--his young ambition,
his longings for the laurel--were merged in one passionate yearning to
surpass the bounds of the common knowledge of man, and reach that solemn
spot, between two worlds, on which the mysterious stranger appeared to
have fixed his home.

Far from recalling with renewed affright the remembrance of the
apparition that had so appalled him, the recollection only served to
kindle and concentrate his curiosity into a burning focus. He had said
aright,--LOVE HAD VANISHED FROM HIS HEART; there was no longer a serene
space amidst its disordered elements for human affection to move and
breathe. The enthusiast was rapt from this earth; and he would have
surrendered all that mortal beauty ever promised, that mortal hope ever
whispered, for one hour with Zanoni beyond the portals of the visible

He rose, oppressed and fevered with the new thoughts that raged within
him, and threw open his casement for air. The ocean lay suffused in the
starry light, and the stillness of the heavens never more eloquently
preached the morality of repose to the madness of earthly passions. But
such was Glyndon’s mood that their very hush only served to deepen the
wild desires that preyed upon his soul; and the solemn stars, that are
mysteries in themselves, seemed, by a kindred sympathy, to agitate the
wings of the spirit no longer contented with its cage. As he gazed, a
star shot from its brethren, and vanished from the depth of space!


     O, be gone!
     By Heaven, I love thee better than myself,
     For I came hither armed against myself.
     --“Romeo and Juliet.”

The young actress and Gionetta had returned from the theatre; and Viola
fatigued and exhausted, had thrown herself on a sofa, while Gionetta
busied herself with the long tresses which, released from the fillet
that bound them, half-concealed the form of the actress, like a veil of
threads of gold. As she smoothed the luxuriant locks, the old nurse
ran gossiping on about the little events of the night, the scandal and
politics of the scenes and the tireroom. Gionetta was a worthy soul.
Almanzor, in Dryden’s tragedy of “Almahide,” did not change sides with
more gallant indifference than the exemplary nurse. She was at last
grieved and scandalised that Viola had not selected one chosen cavalier.
But the choice she left wholly to her fair charge. Zegri or Abencerrage,
Glyndon or Zanoni, it had been the same to her, except that the
rumours she had collected respecting the latter, combined with his
own recommendations of his rival, had given her preference to the
Englishman. She interpreted ill the impatient and heavy sigh with which
Viola greeted her praises of Glyndon, and her wonder that he had of late
so neglected his attentions behind the scenes, and she exhausted all
her powers of panegyric upon the supposed object of the sigh. “And
then, too,” she said, “if nothing else were to be said against the other
signor, it is enough that he is about to leave Naples.”

“Leave Naples!--Zanoni?”

“Yes, darling! In passing by the Mole to-day, there was a crowd round
some outlandish-looking sailors. His ship arrived this morning, and
anchors in the bay. The sailors say that they are to be prepared to sail
with the first wind; they were taking in fresh stores. They--”

“Leave me, Gionetta! Leave me!”

The time had already passed when the girl could confide in Gionetta.
Her thoughts had advanced to that point when the heart recoils from all
confidence, and feels that it cannot be comprehended. Alone now, in the
principal apartment of the house, she paced its narrow boundaries
with tremulous and agitated steps: she recalled the frightful suit
of Nicot,--the injurious taunt of Glyndon; and she sickened at the
remembrance of the hollow applauses which, bestowed on the actress, not
the woman, only subjected her to contumely and insult. In that room the
recollection of her father’s death, the withered laurel and the broken
chords, rose chillingly before her. Hers, she felt, was a yet gloomier
fate,--the chords may break while the laurel is yet green. The lamp,
waning in its socket, burned pale and dim, and her eyes instinctively
turned from the darker corner of the room. Orphan, by the hearth of thy
parent, dost thou fear the presence of the dead!

And was Zanoni indeed about to quit Naples? Should she see him no
more? Oh, fool, to think that there was grief in any other thought! The
past!--that was gone! The future!--there was no future to her, Zanoni
absent! But this was the night of the third day on which Zanoni had told
her that, come what might, he would visit her again. It was, then, if
she might believe him, some appointed crisis in her fate; and how should
she tell him of Glyndon’s hateful words? The pure and the proud mind
can never confide its wrongs to another, only its triumphs and its
happiness. But at that late hour would Zanoni visit her,--could she
receive him? Midnight was at hand. Still in undefined suspense, in
intense anxiety, she lingered in the room. The quarter before midnight
sounded, dull and distant. All was still, and she was about to pass to
her sleeping-room, when she heard the hoofs of a horse at full speed;
the sound ceased, there was a knock at the door. Her heart beat
violently; but fear gave way to another sentiment when she heard a
voice, too well known, calling on her name. She paused, and then, with
the fearlessness of innocence, descended and unbarred the door.

Zanoni entered with a light and hasty step. His horseman’s cloak fitted
tightly to his noble form, and his broad hat threw a gloomy shade over
his commanding features.

The girl followed him into the room she had just left, trembling and
blushing deeply, and stood before him with the lamp she held shining
upward on her cheek and the long hair that fell like a shower of light
over the half-clad shoulders and heaving bust.

“Viola,” said Zanoni, in a voice that spoke deep emotion, “I am by thy
side once more to save thee. Not a moment is to be lost. Thou must fly
with me, or remain the victim of the Prince di --. I would have made the
charge I now undertake another’s; thou knowest I would,--thou knowest
it!--but he is not worthy of thee, the cold Englishman! I throw myself
at thy feet; have trust in me, and fly.”

He grasped her hand passionately as he dropped on his knee, and looked
up into her face with his bright, beseeching eyes.

“Fly with thee!” said Viola, scarce believing her senses.

“With me. Name, fame, honour,--all will be sacrificed if thou dost not.”

“Then--then,” said the wild girl, falteringly, and turning aside her
face,--“then I am not indifferent to thee; thou wouldst not give me to

Zanoni was silent; but his breast heaved, his cheeks flushed, his eyes
darted dark and impassioned fire.

“Speak!” exclaimed Viola, in jealous suspicion of his silence.

“Indifferent to me! No; but I dare not yet say that I love thee.”

“Then what matters my fate?” said Viola, turning pale, and shrinking
from his side; “leave me,--I fear no danger. My life, and therefore my
honour, is in mine own hands.”

“Be not so mad,” said Zanoni. “Hark! do you hear the neigh of my
steed?--it is an alarm that warns us of the approaching peril. Haste, or
you are lost!”

“Why dost thou care for me?” said the girl, bitterly. “Thou hast read my
heart; thou knowest that thou art become the lord of my destiny. But to
be bound beneath the weight of a cold obligation; to be the beggar on
the eyes of indifference; to cast myself on one who loves me not,--THAT
were indeed the vilest sin of my sex. Ah, Zanoni, rather let me die!”

She had thrown back her clustering hair from her face while she spoke;
and as she now stood, with her arms drooping mournfully, and her hands
clasped together with the proud bitterness of her wayward spirit, giving
new zest and charm to her singular beauty, it was impossible to conceive
a sight more irresistible to the eye and the heart.

“Tempt me not to thine own danger,--perhaps destruction!” exclaimed
Zanoni, in faltering accents. “Thou canst not dream of what thou wouldst
demand,--come!” and, advancing, he wound his arm round her waist. “Come,
Viola; believe at least in my friendship, my honour, my protection--”

“And not thy love,” said the Italian, turning on him her reproachful
eyes. Those eyes met his, and he could not withdraw from the charm of
their gaze. He felt her heart throbbing beneath his own; her breath came
warm upon his cheek. He trembled,--HE! the lofty, the mysterious Zanoni,
who seemed to stand aloof from his race. With a deep and burning sigh,
he murmured, “Viola, I love thee! Oh!” he continued passionately, and,
releasing his hold, he threw himself abruptly at her feet, “I no more
command,--as woman should be wooed, I woo thee. From the first glance of
those eyes, from the first sound of thy voice, thou becamest too fatally
dear to me. Thou speakest of fascination,--it lives and it breathes
in thee! I fled from Naples to fly from thy presence,--it pursued me.
Months, years passed, and thy sweet face still shone upon my heart. I
returned, because I pictured thee alone and sorrowful in the world, and
knew that dangers, from which I might save thee, were gathering
near thee and around. Beautiful Soul! whose leaves I have read with
reverence, it was for thy sake, thine alone, that I would have given
thee to one who might make thee happier on earth than I can. Viola!
Viola! thou knowest not--never canst thou know--how dear thou art to

It is in vain to seek for words to describe the delight--the proud, the
full, the complete, and the entire delight--that filled the heart of the
Neapolitan. He whom she had considered too lofty even for love,--more
humble to her than those she had half-despised! She was silent, but her
eyes spoke to him; and then slowly, as aware, at last, that the human
love had advanced on the ideal, she shrank into the terrors of a modest
and virtuous nature. She did not dare,--she did not dream to ask him the
question she had so fearlessly made to Glyndon; but she felt a sudden
coldness,--a sense that a barrier was yet between love and love. “Oh,
Zanoni!” she murmured, with downcast eyes, “ask me not to fly with
thee; tempt me not to my shame. Thou wouldst protect me from others. Oh,
protect me from thyself!”

“Poor orphan!” said he, tenderly, “and canst thou think that I ask from
thee one sacrifice,--still less the greatest that woman can give to
love? As my wife I woo thee, and by every tie, and by every vow that can
hallow and endear affection. Alas! they have belied love to thee indeed,
if thou dost not know the religion that belongs to it! They who truly
love would seek, for the treasure they obtain, every bond that can make
it lasting and secure. Viola, weep not, unless thou givest me the holy
right to kiss away thy tears!”

And that beautiful face, no more averted, drooped upon his bosom; and
as he bent down, his lips sought the rosy mouth: a long and burning
kiss,--danger, life, the world was forgotten! Suddenly Zanoni tore
himself from her.

“Hearest thou the wind that sighs, and dies away? As that wind, my power
to preserve thee, to guard thee, to foresee the storm in thy skies, is
gone. No matter. Haste, haste; and may love supply the loss of all that
it has dared to sacrifice! Come.”

Viola hesitated no more. She threw her mantle over her shoulders, and
gathered up her dishevelled hair; a moment, and she was prepared, when a
sudden crash was heard below.

“Too late!--fool that I was, too late!” cried Zanoni, in a sharp tone of
agony, as he hurried to the door. He opened it, only to be borne back by
the press of armed men. The room literally swarmed with the followers of
the ravisher, masked, and armed to the teeth.

Viola was already in the grasp of two of the myrmidons. Her shriek smote
the ear of Zanoni. He sprang forward; and Viola heard his wild cry in
a foreign tongue. She saw the blades of the ruffians pointed at his
breast! She lost her senses; and when she recovered, she found herself
gagged, and in a carriage that was driven rapidly, by the side of a
masked and motionless figure. The carriage stopped at the portals of a
gloomy mansion. The gates opened noiselessly; a broad flight of steps,
brilliantly illumined, was before her. She was in the palace of the
Prince di --.


     Ma lasciamo, per Dio, Signore, ormai
     Di parlar d’ ira, e di cantar di morte.
     “Orlando Furioso,” Canto xvii. xvii.

     (But leave me, I solemnly conjure thee, signor, to speak of
     wrath, and to sing of death.)

The young actress was led to, and left alone in a chamber adorned with
all the luxurious and half-Eastern taste that at one time characterised
the palaces of the great seigneurs of Italy. Her first thought was for
Zanoni. Was he yet living? Had he escaped unscathed the blades of the
foe,--her new treasure, the new light of her life, her lord, at last her

She had short time for reflection. She heard steps approaching the
chamber; she drew back, but trembled not. A courage not of herself,
never known before, sparkled in her eyes, and dilated her stature.
Living or dead, she would be faithful still to Zanoni! There was a new
motive to the preservation of honour. The door opened, and the prince
entered in the gorgeous and gaudy custume still worn at that time in

“Fair and cruel one,” said he, advancing with a half-sneer upon his lip,
“thou wilt not too harshly blame the violence of love.” He attempted to
take her hand as he spoke.

“Nay,” said he, as she recoiled, “reflect that thou art now in the power
of one that never faltered in the pursuit of an object less dear to him
than thou art. Thy lover, presumptuous though he be, is not by to save
thee. Mine thou art; but instead of thy master, suffer me to be thy

“Prince,” said Viola, with a stern gravity, “your boast is in vain. Your
power! I am NOT in your power. Life and death are in my own hands. I
will not defy; but I do not fear you. I feel--and in some feelings,”
 added Viola, with a solemnity almost thrilling, “there is all the
strength, and all the divinity of knowledge--I feel that I am safe even
here; but you--you, Prince di --, have brought danger to your home and

The Neapolitan seemed startled by an earnestness and boldness he was but
little prepared for. He was not, however, a man easily intimidated or
deterred from any purpose he had formed; and, approaching Viola, he
was about to reply with much warmth, real or affected, when a knock
was heard at the door of the chamber. The sound was repeated, and
the prince, chafed at the interruption, opened the door and demanded
impatiently who had ventured to disobey his orders, and invade his
leisure. Mascari presented himself, pale and agitated: “My lord,” said
he, in a whisper, “pardon me; but a stranger is below, who insists on
seeing you; and, from some words he let fall, I judged it advisable even
to infringe your commands.”

“A stranger!--and at this hour! What business can he pretend? Why was he
even admitted?”

“He asserts that your life is in imminent danger. The source whence it
proceeds he will relate to your Excellency alone.”

The prince frowned; but his colour changed. He mused a moment, and then,
re-entering the chamber and advancing towards Viola, he said,--

“Believe me, fair creature, I have no wish to take advantage of my
power. I would fain trust alone to the gentler authorities of affection.
Hold yourself queen within these walls more absolutely than you have
ever enacted that part on the stage. To-night, farewell! May your sleep
be calm, and your dreams propitious to my hopes.”

With these words he retired, and in a few moments Viola was surrounded
by officious attendants, whom she at length, with some difficulty,
dismissed; and, refusing to retire to rest, she spent the night in
examining the chamber, which she found was secured, and in thoughts of
Zanoni, in whose power she felt an almost preternatural confidence.

Meanwhile the prince descended the stairs and sought the room into which
the stranger had been shown.

He found the visitor wrapped from head to foot in a long robe,
half-gown, half-mantle, such as was sometimes worn by ecclesiastics. The
face of this stranger was remarkable. So sunburnt and swarthy were his
hues, that he must, apparently, have derived his origin amongst the
races of the farthest East. His forehead was lofty, and his eyes so
penetrating yet so calm in their gaze that the prince shrank from them
as we shrink from a questioner who is drawing forth the guiltiest secret
of our hearts.

“What would you with me?” asked the prince, motioning his visitor to a

“Prince of --,” said the stranger, in a voice deep and sweet, but
foreign in its accent,--“son of the most energetic and masculine race
that ever applied godlike genius to the service of Human Will, with its
winding wickedness and its stubborn grandeur; descendant of the great
Visconti in whose chronicles lies the history of Italy in her palmy
day, and in whose rise was the development of the mightiest intellect,
ripened by the most restless ambition,--I come to gaze upon the last
star in a darkening firmament. By this hour to-morrow space shall know
it not. Man, unless thy whole nature change, thy days are numbered!”

“What means this jargon?” said the prince, in visible astonishment and
secret awe. “Comest thou to menace me in my own halls, or wouldst
thou warn me of a danger? Art thou some itinerant mountebank, or some
unguessed-of friend? Speak out, and plainly. What danger threatens me?”

“Zanoni and thy ancestor’s sword,” replied the stranger.

“Ha! ha!” said the prince, laughing scournfully; “I half-suspected thee
from the first. Thou art then the accomplice or the tool of that most
dexterous, but, at present, defeated charlatan? And I suppose thou wilt
tell me that if I were to release a certain captive I have made, the
danger would vanish, and the hand of the dial would be put back?”

“Judge of me as thou wilt, Prince di --. I confess my knowledge of
Zanoni. Thou, too, wilt know his power, but not till it consume thee.
I would save, therefore I warn thee. Dost thou ask me why? I will tell
thee. Canst thou remember to have heard wild tales of thy grandsire;
of his desire for a knowledge that passes that of the schools and
cloisters; of a strange man from the East who was his familiar and
master in lore against which the Vatican has, from age to age,
launched its mimic thunder? Dost thou call to mind the fortunes of thy
ancestor?--how he succeeded in youth to little but a name; how, after a
career wild and dissolute as thine, he disappeared from Milan, a pauper,
and a self-exile; how, after years spent, none knew in what climes or
in what pursuits, he again revisited the city where his progenitors had
reigned; how with him came the wise man of the East, the mystic Mejnour;
how they who beheld him, beheld with amaze and fear that time had
ploughed no furrow on his brow; that youth seemed fixed, as by a spell,
upon his face and form? Dost thou not know that from that hour his
fortunes rose? Kinsmen the most remote died; estate upon estate fell
into the hands of the ruined noble. He became the guide of princes, the
first magnate of Italy. He founded anew the house of which thou art the
last lineal upholder, and transferred his splendour from Milan to the
Sicilian realms. Visions of high ambition were then present with him
nightly and daily. Had he lived, Italy would have known a new dynasty,
and the Visconti would have reigned over Magna-Graecia. He was a man
such as the world rarely sees; but his ends, too earthly, were at war
with the means he sought. Had his ambition been more or less, he had
been worthy of a realm mightier than the Caesars swayed; worthy of our
solemn order; worthy of the fellowship of Mejnour, whom you now behold
before you.”

The prince, who had listened with deep and breathless attention to the
words of his singular guest, started from his seat at his last words.
“Imposter!” he cried, “can you dare thus to play with my credulity?
Sixty years have flown since my grandsire died; were he living, he had
passed his hundred and twentieth year; and you, whose old age is
erect and vigorous, have the assurance to pretend to have been his
contemporary! But you have imperfectly learned your tale. You know not,
it seems, that my grandsire, wise and illustrious indeed, in all save
his faith in a charlatan, was found dead in his bed, in the very hour
when his colossal plans were ripe for execution, and that Mejnour was
guilty of his murder.”

“Alas!” answered the stranger, in a voice of great sadness, “had he
but listened to Mejnour,--had he but delayed the last and most perilous
ordeal of daring wisdom until the requisite training and initiation had
been completed,--your ancestor would have stood with me upon an
eminence which the waters of Death itself wash everlastingly, but cannot
overflow. Your grandsire resisted my fervent prayers, disobeyed my most
absolute commands, and in the sublime rashness of a soul that panted
for secrets, which he who desires orbs and sceptres never can obtain,
perished, the victim of his own frenzy.”

“He was poisoned, and Mejnour fled.”

“Mejnour fled not,” answered the stranger, proudly--“Mejnour could not
fly from danger; for to him danger is a thing long left behind. It was
the day before the duke took the fatal draft which he believed was to
confer on the mortal the immortal boon, that, finding my power over him
was gone, I abandoned him to his doom. But a truce with this: I loved
your grandsire! I would save the last of his race. Oppose not thyself
to Zanoni. Yield not thy soul to thine evil passions. Draw back from the
precipice while there is yet time. In thy front, and in thine eyes, I
detect some of that diviner glory which belonged to thy race. Thou hast
in thee some germs of their hereditary genius, but they are choked up
by worse than thy hereditary vices. Recollect that by genius thy house
rose; by vice it ever failed to perpetuate its power. In the laws
which regulate the universe, it is decreed that nothing wicked can long
endure. Be wise, and let history warn thee. Thou standest on the verge
of two worlds, the past and the future; and voices from either shriek
omen in thy ear. I have done. I bid thee farewell!”

“Not so; thou shalt not quit these walls. I will make experiment of thy
boasted power. What, ho there!--ho!”

The prince shouted; the room was filled with his minions.

“Seize that man!” he cried, pointing to the spot which had been filled
by the form of Mejnour. To his inconceivable amaze and horror, the spot
was vacant. The mysterious stranger had vanished like a dream; but a
thin and fragrant mist undulated, in pale volumes, round the walls of
the chamber. “Look to my lord,” cried Mascari. The prince had fallen to
the floor insensible. For many hours he seemed in a kind of trance. When
he recovered, he dismissed his attendants, and his step was heard in his
chamber, pacing to and fro, with heavy and disordered strides. Not till
an hour before his banquet the next day did he seem restored to his
wonted self.


     Oime! come poss’ io
     Altri trovar, se me trovar non posso.
     “Amint.,” At. i. Sc. ii.

     (Alas! how can I find another when I cannot find myself?)

The sleep of Glyndon, the night after his last interview with Zanoni,
was unusually profound; and the sun streamed full upon his eyes as he
opened them to the day. He rose refreshed, and with a strange sentiment
of calmness that seemed more the result of resolution than exhaustion.
The incidents and emotions of the past night had settled into distinct
and clear impressions. He thought of them but slightly,--he thought
rather of the future. He was as one of the initiated in the old Egyptian
mysteries who have crossed the gate only to long more ardently for the

He dressed himself, and was relieved to find that Mervale had joined a
party of his countrymen on an excursion to Ischia. He spent the heat of
noon in thoughtful solitude, and gradually the image of Viola returned
to his heart. It was a holy--for it was a HUMAN--image. He had resigned
her; and though he repented not, he was troubled at the thought that
repentance would have come too late.

He started impatiently from his seat, and strode with rapid steps to the
humble abode of the actress.

The distance was considerable, and the air oppressive. Glyndon arrived
at the door breathless and heated. He knocked; no answer came. He lifted
the latch and entered. He ascended the stairs; no sound, no sight of
life met his ear and eye. In the front chamber, on a table, lay the
guitar of the actress, and some manuscript parts in the favourite
operas. He paused, and, summoning courage, tapped at the door which
seemed to lead into the inner apartment. The door was ajar; and, hearing
no sound within, he pushed it open. It was the sleeping-chamber of the
young actress, that holiest ground to a lover; and well did the place
become the presiding deity: none of the tawdry finery of the profession
was visible, on the one hand; none of the slovenly disorder common to
the humbler classes of the South, on the other. All was pure and simple;
even the ornaments were those of an innocent refinement,--a few books,
placed carefully on shelves, a few half-faded flowers in an earthen
vase, which was modelled and painted in the Etruscan fashion. The
sunlight streamed over the snowy draperies of the bed, and a few
articles of clothing on the chair beside it. Viola was not there; but
the nurse!--was she gone also? He made the house resound with the name
of Gionetta, but there was not even an echo to reply. At last, as he
reluctantly quitted the desolate abode, he perceived Gionetta coming
towards him from the street.

The poor old woman uttered an exclamation of joy on seeing him; but,
to their mutual disappointment, neither had any cheerful tidings or
satisfactory explanation to afford the other. Gionetta had been aroused
from her slumber the night before by the noise in the rooms below; but
ere she could muster courage to descend, Viola was gone! She found the
marks of violence on the door without; and all she had since been able
to learn in the neighbourhood was, that a Lazzarone, from his nocturnal
resting-place on the Chiaja, had seen by the moonlight a carriage, which
he recognised as belonging to the Prince di --, pass and repass that
road about the first hour of morning. Glyndon, on gathering from the
confused words and broken sobs of the old nurse the heads of this
account, abruptly left her, and repaired to the palace of Zanoni. There
he was informed that the signor was gone to the banquet of the Prince
di --, and would not return till late. Glyndon stood motionless with
perplexity and dismay; he knew not what to believe, or how to act.
Even Mervale was not at hand to advise him. His conscience smote him
bitterly. He had had the power to save the woman he had loved, and had
foregone that power; but how was it that in this Zanoni himself had
failed? How was it that he was gone to the very banquet of the ravisher?
Could Zanoni be aware of what had passed? If not, should he lose a
moment in apprising him? Though mentally irresolute, no man was more
physically brave. He would repair at once to the palace of the prince
himself; and if Zanoni failed in the trust he had half-appeared to
arrogate, he, the humble foreigner, would demand the captive of fraud
and force, in the very halls and before the assembled guests of the
Prince di --.


     Ardua vallatur duris sapientia scrupis.
     Hadr. Jun., “Emblem.” xxxvii.

     (Lofty wisdom is circled round with rugged rocks.)

We must go back some hours in the progress of this narrative. It was the
first faint and gradual break of the summer dawn; and two men stood in
a balcony overhanging a garden fragrant with the scents of the awakening
flowers. The stars had not yet left the sky,--the birds were yet silent
on the boughs: all was still, hushed, and tranquil; but how different
the tranquillity of reviving day from the solemn repose of night! In the
music of silence there are a thousand variations. These men, who alone
seemed awake in Naples, were Zanoni and the mysterious stranger who
had but an hour or two ago startled the Prince di -- in his voluptuous

“No,” said the latter; “hadst thou delayed the acceptance of the
Arch-gift until thou hadst attained to the years, and passed through
all the desolate bereavements that chilled and seared myself ere my
researches had made it mine, thou wouldst have escaped the curse of
which thou complainest now,--thou wouldst not have mourned over the
brevity of human affection as compared to the duration of thine own
existence; for thou wouldst have survived the very desire and dream
of the love of woman. Brightest, and, but for that error, perhaps the
loftiest, of the secret and solemn race that fills up the interval in
creation between mankind and the children of the Empyreal, age after age
wilt thou rue the splendid folly which made thee ask to carry the
beauty and the passions of youth into the dreary grandeur of earthly

“I do not repent, nor shall I,” answered Zanoni. “The transport and the
sorrow, so wildly blended, which have at intervals diversified my doom,
are better than the calm and bloodless tenor of thy solitary way--thou,
who lovest nothing, hatest nothing, feelest nothing, and walkest the
world with the noiseless and joyless footsteps of a dream!”

“You mistake,” replied he who had owned the name of Mejnour,--“though I
care not for love, and am dead to every PASSION that agitates the sons
of clay, I am not dead to their more serene enjoyments. I carry down the
stream of the countless years, not the turbulent desires of youth,
but the calm and spiritual delights of age. Wisely and deliberately I
abandoned youth forever when I separated my lot from men. Let us not
envy or reproach each other. I would have saved this Neapolitan,
Zanoni (since so it now pleases thee to be called), partly because
his grandsire was but divided by the last airy barrier from our own
brotherhood, partly because I know that in the man himself lurk the
elements of ancestral courage and power, which in earlier life would
have fitted him for one of us. Earth holds but few to whom Nature has
given the qualities that can bear the ordeal. But time and excess,
that have quickened his grosser senses, have blunted his imagination. I
relinquish him to his doom.”

“And still, then, Mejnour, you cherish the desire to revive our
order, limited now to ourselves alone, by new converts and allies.
Surely--surely--thy experience might have taught thee, that scarcely
once in a thousand years is born the being who can pass through the
horrible gates that lead into the worlds without! Is not thy path
already strewed with thy victims? Do not their ghastly faces of agony
and fear--the blood-stained suicide, the raving maniac--rise before
thee, and warn what is yet left to thee of human sympathy from thy
insane ambition?”

“Nay,” answered Mejnour; “have I not had success to counterbalance
failure? And can I forego this lofty and august hope, worthy alone of
our high condition,--the hope to form a mighty and numerous race with
a force and power sufficient to permit them to acknowledge to mankind
their majestic conquests and dominion, to become the true lords of this
planet, invaders, perchance, of others, masters of the inimical and
malignant tribes by which at this moment we are surrounded: a race
that may proceed, in their deathless destinies, from stage to stage of
celestial glory, and rank at last amongst the nearest ministrants and
agents gathered round the Throne of Thrones? What matter a thousand
victims for one convert to our band? And you, Zanoni,” continued
Mejnour, after a pause,--“you, even you, should this affection for a
mortal beauty that you have dared, despite yourself, to cherish, be more
than a passing fancy; should it, once admitted into your inmost nature,
partake of its bright and enduring essence,--even you may brave all
things to raise the beloved one into your equal. Nay, interrupt me not.
Can you see sickness menace her; danger hover around; years creep on;
the eyes grow dim; the beauty fade, while the heart, youthful still,
clings and fastens round your own,--can you see this, and know it is
yours to--”

“Cease!” cried Zanoni, fiercely. “What is all other fate as compared
to the death of terror? What, when the coldest sage, the most heated
enthusiast, the hardiest warrior with his nerves of iron, have been
found dead in their beds, with straining eyeballs and horrent hair,
at the first step of the Dread Progress,--thinkest thou that this
weak woman--from whose cheek a sound at the window, the screech of the
night-owl, the sight of a drop of blood on a man’s sword, would start
the colour--could brave one glance of--Away! the very thought of such
sights for her makes even myself a coward!”

“When you told her you loved her,--when you clasped her to your breast,
you renounced all power to foresee her future lot, or protect her from
harm. Henceforth to her you are human, and human only. How know you,
then, to what you may be tempted; how know you what her curiosity may
learn and her courage brave? But enough of this,--you are bent on your

“The fiat has gone forth.”

“And to-morrow?”

“To-morrow, at this hour, our bark will be bounding over yonder ocean,
and the weight of ages will have fallen from my heart! I compassionate
thee, O foolish sage,--THOU hast given up THY youth!”


     Alch:  Thou always speakest riddles.  Tell me if thou art that
     fountain of which Bernard Lord Trevizan writ?

     Merc:  I am not that fountain, but I am the water.  The fountain
     compasseth me about.

     Sandivogius, “New Light of Alchymy.”

The Prince di -- was not a man whom Naples could suppose to be addicted
to superstitious fancies. Still, in the South of Italy, there was then,
and there still lingers a certain spirit of credulity, which may, ever
and anon, be visible amidst the boldest dogmas of their philosophers and
sceptics. In his childhood, the prince had learned strange tales of the
ambition, the genius, and the career of his grandsire,--and secretly,
perhaps influenced by ancestral example, in earlier youth he himself
had followed science, not only through her legitimate course, but her
antiquated and erratic windings. I have, indeed, been shown in Naples a
little volume, blazoned with the arms of the Visconti, and ascribed
to the nobleman I refer to, which treats of alchemy in a spirit
half-mocking and half-reverential.

Pleasure soon distracted him from such speculations, and his talents,
which were unquestionably great, were wholly perverted to extravagant
intrigues, or to the embellishment of a gorgeous ostentation with
something of classic grace. His immense wealth, his imperious pride,
his unscrupulous and daring character, made him an object of no
inconsiderable fear to a feeble and timid court; and the ministers of
the indolent government willingly connived at excesses which allured him
at least from ambition. The strange visit and yet more strange departure
of Mejnour filled the breast of the Neapolitan with awe and wonder,
against which all the haughty arrogance and learned scepticism of his
maturer manhood combated in vain. The apparition of Mejnour served,
indeed, to invest Zanoni with a character in which the prince had not
hitherto regarded him. He felt a strange alarm at the rival he had
braved,--at the foe he had provoked. When, a little before his banquet,
he had resumed his self-possession, it was with a fell and gloomy
resolution that he brooded over the perfidious schemes he had previously
formed. He felt as if the death of the mysterious Zanoni were necessary
for the preservation of his own life; and if at an earlier period of
their rivalry he had determined on the fate of Zanoni, the warnings of
Mejnour only served to confirm his resolve.

“We will try if his magic can invent an antidote to the bane,” said
he, half-aloud, and with a stern smile, as he summoned Mascari to his
presence. The poison which the prince, with his own hands, mixed into
the wine intended for his guest, was compounded from materials, the
secret of which had been one of the proudest heir-looms of that able
and evil race which gave to Italy her wisest and guiltiest tyrants. Its
operation was quick yet not sudden: it produced no pain,--it left on
the form no grim convulsion, on the skin no purpling spot, to arouse
suspicion; you might have cut and carved every membrane and fibre of the
corpse, but the sharpest eyes of the leech would not have detected the
presence of the subtle life-queller. For twelve hours the victim felt
nothing save a joyous and elated exhilaration of the blood; a delicious
languor followed, the sure forerunner of apoplexy. No lancet then
could save! Apoplexy had run much in the families of the enemies of the

The hour of the feast arrived,--the guests assembled. There were the
flower of the Neapolitan seignorie, the descendants of the Norman, the
Teuton, the Goth; for Naples had then a nobility, but derived it from
the North, which has indeed been the Nutrix Leonum,--the nurse of the
lion-hearted chivalry of the world.

Last of the guests came Zanoni; and the crowd gave way as the dazzling
foreigner moved along to the lord of the palace. The prince greeted him
with a meaning smile, to which Zanoni answered by a whisper, “He who
plays with loaded dice does not always win.”

The prince bit his lip, and Zanoni, passing on, seemed deep in
conversation with the fawning Mascari.

“Who is the prince’s heir?” asked the guest.

“A distant relation on the mother’s side; with his Excellency dies the
male line.”

“Is the heir present at our host’s banquet?”

“No; they are not friends.”

“No matter; he will be here to-morrow.”

Mascari stared in surprise; but the signal for the banquet was given,
and the guests were marshalled to the board. As was the custom then, the
feast took place not long after mid-day. It was a long, oval hall, the
whole of one side opening by a marble colonnade upon a court or garden,
in which the eye rested gratefully upon cool fountains and statues of
whitest marble, half-sheltered by orange-trees. Every art that
luxury could invent to give freshness and coolness to the languid and
breezeless heat of the day without (a day on which the breath of the
sirocco was abroad) had been called into existence. Artificial currents
of air through invisible tubes, silken blinds waving to and fro, as if
to cheat the senses into the belief of an April wind, and miniature jets
d’eau in each corner of the apartment, gave to the Italians the same
sense of exhilaration and COMFORT (if I may use the word) which the
well-drawn curtains and the blazing hearth afford to the children of
colder climes.

The conversation was somewhat more lively and intellectual than is
common amongst the languid pleasure-hunters of the South; for the
prince, himself accomplished, sought his acquaintance not only amongst
the beaux esprits of his own country, but amongst the gay foreigners who
adorned and relieved the monotony of the Neapolitan circles. There were
present two or three of the brilliant Frenchmen of the old regime, who
had already emigrated from the advancing Revolution; and their peculiar
turn of thought and wit was well calculated for the meridian of a
society that made the dolce far niente at once its philosophy and its
faith. The prince, however, was more silent than usual; and when he
sought to rouse himself, his spirits were forced and exaggerated. To the
manners of his host, those of Zanoni afforded a striking contrast. The
bearing of this singular person was at all times characterised by a calm
and polished ease, which was attributed by the courtiers to the long
habit of society. He could scarcely be called gay; yet few persons more
tended to animate the general spirits of a convivial circle. He seemed,
by a kind of intuition, to elicit from each companion the qualities in
which he most excelled; and if occasionally a certain tone of latent
mockery characterised his remarks upon the topics on which the
conversation fell, it appeared to men who took nothing in earnest to be
the language both of wit and wisdom. To the Frenchmen, in particular,
there was something startling in his intimate knowledge of the minutest
events in their own capital and country, and his profound penetration
(evinced but in epigrams and sarcasms) into the eminent characters who
were then playing a part upon the great stage of continental intrigue.

It was while this conversation grew animated, and the feast was at its
height, that Glyndon arrived at the palace. The porter, perceiving by
his dress that he was not one of the invited guests, told him that
his Excellency was engaged, and on no account could be disturbed;
and Glyndon then, for the first time, became aware how strange and
embarrassing was the duty he had taken on himself. To force an entrance
into the banquet-hall of a great and powerful noble, surrounded by the
rank of Naples, and to arraign him for what to his boon-companions would
appear but an act of gallantry, was an exploit that could not fail to be
at once ludicrous and impotent. He mused a moment, and, slipping a piece
of gold into the porter’s hand, said that he was commissioned to seek
the Signor Zanoni upon an errand of life and death, and easily won his
way across the court, and into the interior building. He passed up the
broad staircase, and the voices and merriment of the revellers smote
his ear at a distance. At the entrance of the reception-rooms he found
a page, whom he despatched with a message to Zanoni. The page did the
errand; and Zanoni, on hearing the whispered name of Glyndon, turned to
his host.

“Pardon me, my lord; an English friend of mine, the Signor Glyndon (not
unknown by name to your Excellency) waits without,--the business must
indeed be urgent on which he has sought me in such an hour. You will
forgive my momentary absence.”

“Nay, signor,” answered the prince, courteously, but with a sinister
smile on his countenance, “would it not be better for your friend
to join us? An Englishman is welcome everywhere; and even were he a
Dutchman, your friendship would invest his presence with attraction.
Pray his attendance; we would not spare you even for a moment.”

Zanoni bowed; the page was despatched with all flattering messages
to Glyndon,--a seat next to Zanoni was placed for him, and the young
Englishman entered.

“You are most welcome, sir. I trust your business to our illustrious
guest is of good omen and pleasant import. If you bring evil news, defer
it, I pray you.”

Glyndon’s brow was sullen; and he was about to startle the guests by
his reply, when Zanoni, touching his arm significantly, whispered in
English, “I know why you have sought me. Be silent, and witness what

“You know then that Viola, whom you boasted you had the power to save
from danger--”

“Is in this house!--yes. I know also that Murder sits at the right hand
of our host. But his fate is now separated from hers forever; and the
mirror which glasses it to my eye is clear through the streams of blood.
Be still, and learn the fate that awaits the wicked!

“My lord,” said Zanoni, speaking aloud, “the Signor Glyndon has indeed
brought me tidings not wholly unexpected. I am compelled to leave
Naples,--an additional motive to make the most of the present hour.”

“And what, if I may venture to ask, may be the cause that brings such
affliction on the fair dames of Naples?”

“It is the approaching death of one who honoured me with most loyal
friendship,” replied Zanoni, gravely. “Let us not speak of it; grief
cannot put back the dial. As we supply by new flowers those that fade
in our vases, so it is the secret of worldly wisdom to replace by fresh
friendships those that fade from our path.”

“True philosophy!” exclaimed the prince. “‘Not to admire,’ was the
Roman’s maxim; ‘Never to mourn,’ is mine. There is nothing in life to
grieve for, save, indeed, Signor Zanoni, when some young beauty, on whom
we have set our hearts, slips from our grasp. In such a moment we have
need of all our wisdom, not to succumb to despair, and shake hands with
death. What say you, signor? You smile! Such never could be your lot.
Pledge me in a sentiment, ‘Long life to the fortunate lover,--a quick
release to the baffled suitor’?”

“I pledge you,” said Zanoni; and, as the fatal wine was poured into his
glass, he repeated, fixing his eyes on the prince, “I pledge you even in
this wine!”

He lifted the glass to his lips. The prince seemed ghastly pale,
while the gaze of his guest bent upon him, with an intent and stern
brightness, beneath which the conscience-stricken host cowered and
quailed. Not till he had drained his draft, and replaced the glass upon
the board, did Zanoni turn his eyes from the prince; and he then said,
“Your wine has been kept too long; it has lost its virtues. It might
disagree with many, but do not fear: it will not harm me, prince, Signor
Mascari, you are a judge of the grape; will you favour us with your

“Nay,” answered Mascari, with well-affected composure, “I like not the
wines of Cyprus; they are heating. Perhaps Signor Glyndon may not have
the same distaste? The English are said to love their potations warm and

“Do you wish my friend also to taste the wine, prince?” said Zanoni.
“Recollect, all cannot drink it with the same impunity as myself.”

“No,” said the prince, hastily; “if you do not recommend the wine,
Heaven forbid that we should constrain our guests! My lord duke,”
 turning to one of the Frenchmen, “yours is the true soil of Bacchus.
What think you of this cask from Burgundy? Has it borne the journey?”

“Ah,” said Zanoni, “let us change both the wine and the theme.”

With that, Zanoni grew yet more animated and brilliant. Never did wit
more sparkling, airy, exhilarating, flash from the lips of reveller.
His spirits fascinated all present--even the prince himself, even
Glyndon--with a strange and wild contagion. The former, indeed, whom the
words and gaze of Zanoni, when he drained the poison, had filled with
fearful misgivings, now hailed in the brilliant eloquence of his wit a
certain sign of the operation of the bane. The wine circulated fast; but
none seemed conscious of its effects. One by one the rest of the party
fell into a charmed and spellbound silence, as Zanoni continued to pour
forth sally upon sally, tale upon tale. They hung on his words, they
almost held their breath to listen. Yet, how bitter was his mirth; how
full of contempt for the triflers present, and for the trifles which
made their life!

Night came on; the room grew dim, and the feast had lasted several hours
longer than was the customary duration of similar entertainments at
that day. Still the guests stirred not, and still Zanoni continued, with
glittering eye and mocking lip, to lavish his stores of intellect
and anecdote; when suddenly the moon rose, and shed its rays over the
flowers and fountains in the court without, leaving the room itself half
in shadow, and half tinged by a quiet and ghostly light.

It was then that Zanoni rose. “Well, gentlemen,” said he, “we have not
yet wearied our host, I hope; and his garden offers a new temptation to
protract our stay. Have you no musicians among your train, prince,
that might regale our ears while we inhale the fragrance of your

“An excellent thought!” said the prince. “Mascari, see to the music.”

The party rose simultaneously to adjourn to the garden; and then, for
the first time, the effect of the wine they had drunk seemed to make
itself felt.

With flushed cheeks and unsteady steps they came into the open air,
which tended yet more to stimulate that glowing fever of the grape.
As if to make up for the silence with which the guests had hitherto
listened to Zanoni, every tongue was now loosened,--every man talked,
no man listened. There was something wild and fearful in the contrast
between the calm beauty of the night and scene, and the hubbub and
clamour of these disorderly roysters. One of the Frenchmen, in especial,
the young Duc de R--, a nobleman of the highest rank, and of all the
quick, vivacious, and irascible temperament of his countrymen, was
particularly noisy and excited. And as circumstances, the remembrance
of which is still preserved among certain circles of Naples, rendered it
afterwards necessary that the duc should himself give evidence of what
occurred, I will here translate the short account he drew up, and which
was kindly submitted to me some few years ago by my accomplished and
lively friend, Il Cavaliere di B--.

“I never remember,” writes the duc, “to have felt my spirits so excited
as on that evening; we were like so many boys released from school,
jostling each other as we reeled or ran down the flight of seven
or eight stairs that led from the colonnade into the garden,--some
laughing, some whooping, some scolding, some babbling. The wine had
brought out, as it were, each man’s inmost character. Some were loud and
quarrelsome, others sentimental and whining; some, whom we had hitherto
thought dull, most mirthful; some, whom we had ever regarded as discreet
and taciturn, most garrulous and uproarious. I remember that in the
midst of our clamorous gayety, my eye fell upon the cavalier Signor
Zanoni, whose conversation had so enchanted us all; and I felt a
certain chill come over me to perceive that he wore the same calm and
unsympathising smile upon his countenance which had characterised it
in his singular and curious stories of the court of Louis XIV. I felt,
indeed, half-inclined to seek a quarrel with one whose composure
was almost an insult to our disorder. Nor was such an effect of this
irritating and mocking tranquillity confined to myself alone. Several of
the party have told me since, that on looking at Zanoni they felt their
blood yet more heated, and gayety change to resentment. There seemed in
his icy smile a very charm to wound vanity and provoke rage. It was at
this moment that the prince came up to me, and, passing his arm into
mine, led me a little apart from the rest. He had certainly indulged in
the same excess as ourselves, but it did not produce the same effect of
noisy excitement. There was, on the contrary, a certain cold arrogance
and supercilious scorn in his bearing and language, which, even while
affecting so much caressing courtesy towards me, roused my self-love
against him. He seemed as if Zanoni had infected him; and in imitating
the manner of his guest, he surpassed the original. He rallied me on
some court gossip, which had honoured my name by associating it with a
certain beautiful and distinguished Sicilian lady, and affected to treat
with contempt that which, had it been true, I should have regarded as a
boast. He spoke, indeed, as if he himself had gathered all the flowers
of Naples, and left us foreigners only the gleanings he had scorned.
At this my natural and national gallantry was piqued, and I retorted
by some sarcasms that I should certainly have spared had my blood been
cooler. He laughed heartily, and left me in a strange fit of resentment
and anger. Perhaps (I must own the truth) the wine had produced in me a
wild disposition to take offence and provoke quarrel. As the prince left
me, I turned, and saw Zanoni at my side.

“‘The prince is a braggart,’ said he, with the same smile that
displeased me before. ‘He would monopolize all fortune and all love. Let
us take our revenge.’

“‘And how?’

“‘He has at this moment, in his house, the most enchanting singer in
Naples,--the celebrated Viola Pisani. She is here, it is true, not by
her own choice; he carried her hither by force, but he will pretend that
she adores him. Let us insist on his producing this secret treasure, and
when she enters, the Duc de R-- can have no doubt that his flatteries
and attentions will charm the lady, and provoke all the jealous fears of
our host. It would be a fair revenge upon his imperious self-conceit.’

“This suggestion delighted me. I hastened to the prince. At that instant
the musicians had just commenced; I waved my hand, ordered the music to
stop, and, addressing the prince, who was standing in the centre of one
of the gayest groups, complained of his want of hospitality in affording
to us such poor proficients in the art, while he reserved for his own
solace the lute and voice of the first performer in Naples. I demanded,
half-laughingly, half-seriously, that he should produce the Pisani. My
demand was received with shouts of applause by the rest. We drowned the
replies of our host with uproar, and would hear no denial. ‘Gentlemen,’
at last said the prince, when he could obtain an audience, ‘even were
I to assent to your proposal, I could not induce the signora to present
herself before an assemblage as riotous as they are noble. You have too
much chivalry to use compulsion with her, though the Duc de R--forgets
himself sufficiently to administer it to me.’

“I was stung by this taunt, however well deserved. ‘Prince,’ said I, ‘I
have for the indelicacy of compulsion so illustrious an example that I
cannot hesitate to pursue the path honoured by your own footsteps. All
Naples knows that the Pisani despises at once your gold and your love;
that force alone could have brought her under your roof; and that you
refuse to produce her, because you fear her complaints, and know enough
of the chivalry your vanity sneers at to feel assured that the gentlemen
of France are not more disposed to worship beauty than to defend it from

“‘You speak well, sir,’ said Zanoni, gravely. ‘The prince dares not
produce his prize!’

“The prince remained speechless for a few moments, as if with
indignation. At last he broke out into expressions the most injurious
and insulting against Signor Zanoni and myself. Zanoni replied not; I
was more hot and hasty. The guests appeared to delight in our dispute.
None, except Mascari, whom we pushed aside and disdained to hear, strove
to conciliate; some took one side, some another. The issue may be well
foreseen. Swords were called for and procured. Two were offered me by
one of the party. I was about to choose one, when Zanoni placed in
my hand the other, which, from its hilt, appeared of antiquated
workmanship. At the same moment, looking towards the prince, he said,
smilingly, ‘The duc takes your grandsire’s sword. Prince, you are too
brave a man for superstition; you have forgot the forfeit!’ Our host
seemed to me to recoil and turn pale at those words; nevertheless, he
returned Zanoni’s smile with a look of defiance. The next moment all was
broil and disorder. There might be some six or eight persons engaged
in a strange and confused kind of melee, but the prince and myself only
sought each other. The noise around us, the confusion of the guests,
the cries of the musicians, the clash of our own swords, only served
to stimulate our unhappy fury. We feared to be interrupted by the
attendants, and fought like madmen, without skill or method. I thrust
and parried mechanically, blind and frantic, as if a demon had entered
into me, till I saw the prince stretched at my feet, bathed in his
blood, and Zanoni bending over him, and whispering in his ear. That
sight cooled us all. The strife ceased; we gathered, in shame, remorse,
and horror, round our ill-fated host; but it was too late,--his eyes
rolled fearfully in his head. I have seen many men die, but never one
who wore such horror on his countenance. At last all was over! Zanoni
rose from the corpse, and, taking, with great composure, the sword from
my hand, said calmly, ‘Ye are witnesses, gentlemen, that the prince
brought his fate upon himself. The last of that illustrious house has
perished in a brawl.’

“I saw no more of Zanoni. I hastened to our envoy to narrate the event,
and abide the issue. I am grateful to the Neapolitan government, and to
the illustrious heir of the unfortunate nobleman, for the lenient and
generous, yet just, interpretation put upon a misfortune the memory of
which will afflict me to the last hour of my life.

(Signed) “Louis Victor, Duc de R.”

In the above memorial, the reader will find the most exact and minute
account yet given of an event which created the most lively sensation at
Naples in that day.

Glyndon had taken no part in the affray, neither had he participated
largely in the excesses of the revel. For his exemption from both he was
perhaps indebted to the whispered exhortations of Zanoni. When the last
rose from the corpse, and withdrew from that scene of confusion, Glyndon
remarked that in passing the crowd he touched Mascari on the shoulder,
and said something which the Englishman did not overhear. Glyndon
followed Zanoni into the banquet-room, which, save where the moonlight
slept on the marble floor, was wrapped in the sad and gloomy shadows of
the advancing night.

“How could you foretell this fearful event? He fell not by your arm!”
 said Glyndon, in a tremulous and hollow tone.

“The general who calculates on the victory does not fight in person,”
 answered Zanoni; “let the past sleep with the dead. Meet me at midnight
by the sea-shore, half a mile to the left of your hotel. You will know
the spot by a rude pillar--the only one near--to which a broken chain
is attached. There and then, if thou wouldst learn our lore, thou shalt
find the master. Go; I have business here yet. Remember, Viola is still
in the house of the dead man!”

Here Mascari approached, and Zanoni, turning to the Italian, and waving
his hand to Glyndon, drew the former aside. Glyndon slowly departed.

“Mascari,” said Zanoni, “your patron is no more; your services will
be valueless to his heir,--a sober man whom poverty has preserved
from vice. For yourself, thank me that I do not give you up to the
executioner; recollect the wine of Cyprus. Well, never tremble, man; it
could not act on me, though it might react on others; in that it is a
common type of crime. I forgive you; and if the wine should kill me,
I promise you that my ghost shall not haunt so worshipful a penitent.
Enough of this; conduct me to the chamber of Viola Pisani. You have
no further need of her. The death of the jailer opens the cell of the
captive. Be quick; I would be gone.”

Mascari muttered some inaudible words, bowed low, and led the way to the
chamber in which Viola was confined.


     Merc:  Tell me, therefore, what thou seekest after, and what thou
     wilt have.  What dost thou desire to make?

     Alch:  The Philosopher’s Stone.


It wanted several minutes of midnight, and Glyndon repaired to the
appointed spot. The mysterious empire which Zanoni had acquired over
him, was still more solemnly confirmed by the events of the last few
hours; the sudden fate of the prince, so deliberately foreshadowed, and
yet so seemingly accidental, brought out by causes the most commonplace,
and yet associated with words the most prophetic, impressed him with
the deepest sentiments of admiration and awe. It was as if this dark and
wondrous being could convert the most ordinary events and the meanest
instruments into the agencies of his inscrutable will; yet, if so, why
have permitted the capture of Viola? Why not have prevented the crime
rather than punish the criminal? And did Zanoni really feel love for
Viola? Love, and yet offer to resign her to himself,--to a rival whom
his arts could not have failed to baffle. He no longer reverted to the
belief that Zanoni or Viola had sought to dupe him into marriage. His
fear and reverence for the former now forbade the notion of so poor an
imposture. Did he any longer love Viola himself? No; when that morning
he had heard of her danger, he had, it is true, returned to the
sympathies and the fears of affection; but with the death of the prince
her image faded from his heart, and he felt no jealous pang at the
thought that she had been saved by Zanoni,--that at that moment she
was perhaps beneath his roof. Whoever has, in the course of his life,
indulged the absorbing passion of the gamester, will remember how all
other pursuits and objects vanished from his mind; how solely he was
wrapped in the one wild delusion; with what a sceptre of magic power
the despot-demon ruled every feeling and every thought. Far more intense
than the passion of the gamester was the frantic yet sublime desire that
mastered the breast of Glyndon. He would be the rival of Zanoni, not in
human and perishable affections, but in preternatural and eternal lore.
He would have laid down life with content--nay, rapture--as the price of
learning those solemn secrets which separated the stranger from mankind.
Enamoured of the goddess of goddesses, he stretched forth his arms--the
wild Ixion--and embraced a cloud!

The night was most lovely and serene, and the waves scarcely rippled at
his feet as the Englishman glided on by the cool and starry beach. At
length he arrived at the spot, and there, leaning against the broken
pillar, he beheld a man wrapped in a long mantle, and in an attitude
of profound repose. He approached, and uttered the name of Zanoni. The
figure turned, and he saw the face of a stranger: a face not stamped by
the glorious beauty of Zanoni, but equally majestic in its aspect, and
perhaps still more impressive from the mature age and the passionless
depth of thought that characterised the expanded forehead, and deep-set
but piercing eyes.

“You seek Zanoni,” said the stranger; “he will be here anon; but,
perhaps, he whom you see before you is more connected with your destiny,
and more disposed to realise your dreams.”

“Hath the earth, then, another Zanoni?”

“If not,” replied the stranger, “why do you cherish the hope and the
wild faith to be yourself a Zanoni? Think you that none others
have burned with the same godlike dream? Who, indeed in his first
youth,--youth when the soul is nearer to the heaven from which it
sprang, and its divine and primal longings are not all effaced by the
sordid passions and petty cares that are begot in time,--who is there
in youth that has not nourished the belief that the universe has
secrets not known to the common herd, and panted, as the hart for the
water-springs, for the fountains that lie hid and far away amidst the
broad wilderness of trackless science? The music of the fountain is
heard in the soul WITHIN, till the steps, deceived and erring, rove away
from its waters, and the wanderer dies in the mighty desert. Think you
that none who have cherished the hope have found the truth, or that the
yearning after the Ineffable Knowledge was given to us utterly in vain?
No! Every desire in human hearts is but a glimpse of things that exist,
alike distant and divine. No! in the world there have been from age to
age some brighter and happier spirits who have attained to the air in
which the beings above mankind move and breathe. Zanoni, great though
he be, stands not alone. He has had his predecessors, and long lines of
successors may be yet to come.”

“And will you tell me,” said Glyndon, “that in yourself I behold one
of that mighty few over whom Zanoni has no superiority in power and

“In me,” answered the stranger, “you see one from whom Zanoni himself
learned some of his loftiest secrets. On these shores, on this spot,
have I stood in ages that your chroniclers but feebly reach. The
Phoenician, the Greek, the Oscan, the Roman, the Lombard, I have seen
them all!--leaves gay and glittering on the trunk of the universal life,
scattered in due season and again renewed; till, indeed, the same race
that gave its glory to the ancient world bestowed a second youth upon
the new. For the pure Greeks, the Hellenes, whose origin has bewildered
your dreaming scholars, were of the same great family as the Norman
tribe, born to be the lords of the universe, and in no land on earth
destined to become the hewers of wood. Even the dim traditions of the
learned, which bring the sons of Hellas from the vast and undetermined
territories of Northern Thrace, to be the victors of the pastoral
Pelasgi, and the founders of the line of demi-gods; which assign to a
population bronzed beneath the suns of the West, the blue-eyed Minerva
and the yellow-haired Achilles (physical characteristics of the North);
which introduce, amongst a pastoral people, warlike aristocracies and
limited monarchies, the feudalism of the classic time,--even these might
serve you to trace back the primeval settlements of the Hellenes to the
same region whence, in later times, the Norman warriors broke on
the dull and savage hordes of the Celt, and became the Greeks of the
Christian world. But this interests you not, and you are wise in
your indifference. Not in the knowledge of things without, but in the
perfection of the soul within, lies the empire of man aspiring to be
more than man.”

“And what books contain that science; from what laboratory is it

“Nature supplies the materials; they are around you in your daily walks.
In the herbs that the beast devours and the chemist disdains to cull; in
the elements from which matter in its meanest and its mightiest shapes
is deduced; in the wide bosom of the air; in the black abysses of the
earth; everywhere are given to mortals the resources and libraries
of immortal lore. But as the simplest problems in the simplest of
all studies are obscure to one who braces not his mind to their
comprehension; as the rower in yonder vessel cannot tell you why two
circles can touch each other only in one point,--so though all earth
were carved over and inscribed with the letters of diviner knowledge,
the characters would be valueless to him who does not pause to inquire
the language and meditate the truth. Young man, if thy imagination is
vivid, if thy heart is daring, if thy curiosity is insatiate, I will
accept thee as my pupil. But the first lessons are stern and dread.”

“If thou hast mastered them, why not I?” answered Glyndon, boldly. “I
have felt from my boyhood that strange mysteries were reserved for my
career; and from the proudest ends of ordinary ambition I have carried
my gaze into the cloud and darkness that stretch beyond. The instant I
beheld Zanoni, I felt as if I had discovered the guide and the tutor for
which my youth had idly languished and vainly burned.”

“And to me his duty is transferred,” replied the stranger. “Yonder lies,
anchored in the bay, the vessel in which Zanoni seeks a fairer home;
a little while and the breeze will rise, the sail will swell; and the
stranger will have passed, like a wind, away. Still, like the wind, he
leaves in thy heart the seeds that may bear the blossom and the fruit.
Zanoni hath performed his task,--he is wanted no more; the perfecter of
his work is at thy side. He comes! I hear the dash of the oar. You will
have your choice submitted to you. According as you decide we shall meet
again.” With these words the stranger moved slowly away, and disappeared
beneath the shadow of the cliffs. A boat glided rapidly across the
waters: it touched land; a man leaped on shore, and Glyndon recognised

“I give thee, Glyndon,--I give thee no more the option of happy love and
serene enjoyment. That hour is past, and fate has linked the hand that
might have been thine own to mine. But I have ample gifts to bestow
upon thee, if thou wilt abandon the hope that gnaws thy heart, and the
realisation of which even _I_ have not the power to foresee. Be thine
ambition human, and I can gratify it to the full. Men desire four things
in life,--love, wealth, fame, power. The first I cannot give thee, the
rest are at my disposal. Select which of them thou wilt, and let us part
in peace.”

“Such are not the gifts I covet. I choose knowledge; that knowledge must
be thine own. For this, and for this alone, I surrendered the love of
Viola; this, and this alone, must be my recompense.”

“I cannot gain say thee, though I can warn. The desire to learn does not
always contain the faculty to acquire. I can give thee, it is true, the
teacher,--the rest must depend on thee. Be wise in time, and take that
which I can assure to thee.”

“Answer me but these questions, and according to your answer I will
decide. Is it in the power of man to attain intercourse with the beings
of other worlds? Is it in the power of man to influence the elements,
and to insure life against the sword and against disease?”

“All this may be possible,” answered Zanoni, evasively, “to the few; but
for one who attains such secrets, millions may perish in the attempt.”

“One question more. Thou--”

“Beware! Of myself, as I have said before, I render no account.”

“Well, then, the stranger I have met this night,--are his boasts to be
believed? Is he in truth one of the chosen seers whom you allow to have
mastered the mysteries I yearn to fathom?”

“Rash man,” said Zanoni, in a tone of compassion, “thy crisis is past,
and thy choice made! I can only bid thee be bold and prosper; yes, I
resign thee to a master who HAS the power and the will to open to thee
the gates of an awful world. Thy weal or woe are as nought in the eyes
of his relentless wisdom. I would bid him spare thee, but he will heed
me not. Mejnour, receive thy pupil!” Glyndon turned, and his heart beat
when he perceived that the stranger, whose footsteps he had not heard
upon the pebbles, whose approach he had not beheld in the moonlight, was
once more by his side.

“Farewell,” resumed Zanoni; “thy trial commences. When next we meet,
thou wilt be the victim or the victor.”

Glyndon’s eyes followed the receding form of the mysterious stranger.
He saw him enter the boat, and he then for the first time noticed that
besides the rowers there was a female, who stood up as Zanoni gained the
boat. Even at the distance he recognised the once-adored form of Viola.
She waved her hand to him, and across the still and shining air came
her voice, mournfully and sweetly, in her mother’s tongue, “Farewell,
Clarence,--I forgive thee!--farewell, farewell!”

He strove to answer; but the voice touched a chord at his heart, and
the words failed him. Viola was then lost forever, gone with this dread
stranger; darkness was round her lot! And he himself had decided her
fate and his own! The boat bounded on, the soft waves flashed and
sparkled beneath the oars, and it was along one sapphire track of
moonlight that the frail vessel bore away the lovers. Farther and
farther from his gaze sped the boat, till at last the speck, scarcely
visible, touched the side of the ship that lay lifeless in the glorious
bay. At that instant, as if by magic, up sprang, with a glad murmur, the
playful and freshening wind: and Glyndon turned to Mejnour and broke the

“Tell me--if thou canst read the future--tell me that HER lot will be
fair, and that HER choice at least is wise?”

“My pupil!” answered Mejnour, in a voice the calmness of which well
accorded with the chilling words, “thy first task must be to withdraw
all thought, feeling, sympathy from others. The elementary stage of
knowledge is to make self, and self alone, thy study and thy world.
Thou hast decided thine own career; thou hast renounced love; thou hast
rejected wealth, fame, and the vulgar pomps of power. What, then, are
all mankind to thee? To perfect thy faculties, and concentrate thy
emotions, is henceforth thy only aim!”

“And will happiness be the end?”

“If happiness exist,” answered Mejnour, “it must be centred in a SELF to
which all passion is unknown. But happiness is the last state of being;
and as yet thou art on the threshold of the first.”

As Mejnour spoke, the distant vessel spread its sails to the wind,
and moved slowly along the deep. Glyndon sighed, and the pupil and the
master retraced their steps towards the city.


     Bey hinter ihm was will! Ich heb ihn auf.
     “Das Verschleierte Bildzu Sais”

     (Be behind what there may,--I raise the veil.)


     Come vittima io vengo all’ ara.
     “Metast.,” At. ii. Sc. 7.

     (As a victim I go to the altar.)

It was about a month after the date of Zanoni’s departure and Glyndon’s
introduction to Mejnour, when two Englishmen were walking, arm-in-arm,
through the Toledo.

“I tell you,” said one (who spoke warmly), “that if you have a particle
of common-sense left in you, you will accompany me to England. This
Mejnour is an imposter more dangerous, because more in earnest, than
Zanoni. After all, what do his promises amount to? You allow that
nothing can be more equivocal. You say that he has left Naples,--that he
has selected a retreat more congenial than the crowded thoroughfares of
men to the studies in which he is to initiate you; and this retreat is
among the haunts of the fiercest bandits of Italy,--haunts which justice
itself dares not penetrate. Fitting hermitage for a sage! I tremble for
you. What if this stranger--of whom nothing is known--be leagued with
the robbers; and these lures for your credulity bait but the traps
for your property,--perhaps your life? You might come off cheaply by
a ransom of half your fortune. You smile indignantly! Well, put
common-sense out of the question; take your own view of the matter.
You are to undergo an ordeal which Mejnour himself does not profess to
describe as a very tempting one. It may, or it may not, succeed: if it
does not, you are menaced with the darkest evils; and if it does, you
cannot be better off than the dull and joyless mystic whom you have
taken for a master. Away with this folly; enjoy youth while it is left
to you; return with me to England; forget these dreams; enter your
proper career; form affections more respectable than those which lured
you awhile to an Italian adventuress. Attend to your fortune, make
money, and become a happy and distinguished man. This is the advice of
sober friendship; yet the promises I hold out to you are fairer than
those of Mejnour.”

“Mervale,” said Glyndon, doggedly, “I cannot, if I would, yield to
your wishes. A power that is above me urges me on; I cannot resist
its influence. I will proceed to the last in the strange career I have
commenced. Think of me no more. Follow yourself the advice you give to
me, and be happy.”

“This is madness,” said Mervale; “your health is already failing; you
are so changed I should scarcely know you. Come; I have already had your
name entered in my passport; in another hour I shall be gone, and you,
boy that you are, will be left, without a friend, to the deceits of your
own fancy and the machinations of this relentless mountebank.”

“Enough,” said Glyndon, coldly; “you cease to be an effective counsellor
when you suffer your prejudices to be thus evident. I have already had
ample proof,” added the Englishman, and his pale cheek grew more pale,
“of the power of this man,--if man he be, which I sometimes doubt,--and,
come life, come death, I will not shrink from the paths that allure me.
Farewell, Mervale; if we never meet again,--if you hear, amidst our old
and cheerful haunts, that Clarence Glyndon sleeps the last sleep by the
shores of Naples, or amidst yon distant hills, say to the friends of
our youth, ‘He died worthily, as thousands of martyr-students have died
before him, in the pursuit of knowledge.’”

He wrung Mervale’s hand as he spoke, darted from his side, and
disappeared amidst the crowd.

By the corner of the Toledo he was arrested by Nicot.

“Ah, Glyndon! I have not seen you this month. Where have you hid
yourself? Have you been absorbed in your studies?”


“I am about to leave Naples for Paris. Will you accompany me? Talent of
all order is eagerly sought for there, and will be sure to rise.”

“I thank you; I have other schemes for the present.”

“So laconic!--what ails you? Do you grieve for the loss of the
Pisani? Take example by me. I have already consoled myself with Bianca
Sacchini,--a handsome woman, enlightened, no prejudices. A valuable
creature I shall find her, no doubt. But as for this Zanoni!”

“What of him?”

“If ever I paint an allegorical subject, I will take his likeness as
Satan. Ha, ha! a true painter’s revenge,--eh? And the way of the world,
too! When we can do nothing else against a man whom we hate, we can at
least paint his effigies as the Devil’s. Seriously, though: I abhor that


“Wherefore! Has he not carried off the wife and the dowry I had marked
for myself! Yet, after all,” added Nicot, musingly, “had he served
instead of injured me, I should have hated him all the same. His very
form, and his very face, made me at once envy and detest him. I felt
that there is something antipathetic in our natures. I feel, too, that
we shall meet again, when Jean Nicot’s hate may be less impotent. We,
too, cher confrere,--we, too, may meet again! Vive la Republique! I to
my new world!”

“And I to mine. Farewell!”

That day Mervale left Naples; the next morning Glyndon also quitted
the City of Delight alone, and on horseback. He bent his way into those
picturesque but dangerous parts of the country which at that time were
infested by banditti, and which few travellers dared to pass, even in
broad daylight, without a strong escort. A road more lonely cannot well
be conceived than that on which the hoofs of his steed, striking upon
the fragments of rock that encumbered the neglected way, woke a dull
and melancholy echo. Large tracts of waste land, varied by the rank and
profuse foliage of the South, lay before him; occasionally a wild goat
peeped down from some rocky crag, or the discordant cry of a bird of
prey, startled in its sombre haunt, was heard above the hills. These
were the only signs of life; not a human being was met,--not a hut was
visible. Wrapped in his own ardent and solemn thoughts, the young man
continued his way, till the sun had spent its noonday heat, and a breeze
that announced the approach of eve sprung up from the unseen ocean
which lay far distant to his right. It was then that a turn in the road
brought before him one of those long, desolate, gloomy villages which
are found in the interior of the Neapolitan dominions: and now he came
upon a small chapel on one side the road, with a gaudily painted image
of the Virgin in the open shrine. Around this spot, which, in the heart
of a Christian land, retained the vestige of the old idolatry (for
just such were the chapels that in the pagan age were dedicated to the
demon-saints of mythology), gathered six or seven miserable and squalid
wretches, whom the curse of the leper had cut off from mankind. They
set up a shrill cry as they turned their ghastly visages towards the
horseman; and, without stirring from the spot, stretched out their gaunt
arms, and implored charity in the name of the Merciful Mother! Glyndon
hastily threw them some small coins, and, turning away his face, clapped
spurs to his horse, and relaxed not his speed till he entered the
village. On either side the narrow and miry street, fierce and haggard
forms--some leaning against the ruined walls of blackened huts, some
seated at the threshold, some lying at full length in the mud--presented
groups that at once invoked pity and aroused alarm: pity for their
squalor, alarm for the ferocity imprinted on their savage aspects. They
gazed at him, grim and sullen, as he rode slowly up the rugged street;
sometimes whispering significantly to each other, but without attempting
to stop his way. Even the children hushed their babble, and ragged
urchins, devouring him with sparkling eyes, muttered to their mothers;
“We shall feast well to-morrow!” It was, indeed, one of those hamlets
in which Law sets not its sober step, in which Violence and Murder house
secure,--hamlets common then in the wilder parts of Italy, in which the
peasant was but the gentler name for the robber.

Glyndon’s heart somewhat failed him as he looked around, and the
question he desired to ask died upon his lips. At length from one of
the dismal cabins emerged a form superior to the rest. Instead of the
patched and ragged over-all, which made the only garment of the men he
had hitherto seen, the dress of this person was characterised by all the
trappings of the national bravery. Upon his raven hair, the glossy curls
of which made a notable contrast to the matted and elfin locks of the
savages around, was placed a cloth cap, with a gold tassel that hung
down to his shoulder; his mustaches were trimmed with care, and a silk
kerchief of gay hues was twisted round a well-shaped but sinewy throat;
a short jacket of rough cloth was decorated with several rows of gilt
filagree buttons; his nether garments fitted tight to his limbs, and
were curiously braided; while in a broad parti-coloured sash were placed
two silver-hilted pistols, and the sheathed knife, usually worn by
Italians of the lower order, mounted in ivory elaborately carved. A
small carbine of handsome workmanship was slung across his shoulder and
completed his costume. The man himself was of middle size, athletic yet
slender, with straight and regular features, sunburnt, but not swarthy;
and an expression of countenance which, though reckless and bold, had in
it frankness rather than ferocity, and, if defying, was not altogether

Glyndon, after eyeing this figure for some moments with great attention,
checked his rein, and asked the way to the “Castle of the Mountain.”

The man lifted his cap as he heard the question, and, approaching
Glyndon, laid his hand upon the neck of the horse, and said, in a low
voice, “Then you are the cavalier whom our patron the signor expected.
He bade me wait for you here, and lead you to the castle. And indeed,
signor, it might have been unfortunate if I had neglected to obey the

The man then, drawing a little aside, called out to the bystanders in a
loud voice, “Ho, ho! my friends, pay henceforth and forever all respect
to this worshipful cavalier. He is the expected guest of our blessed
patron of the Castle of the Mountain. Long life to him! May he, like his
host, be safe by day and by night; on the hill and in the waste; against
the dagger and the bullet,--in limb and in life! Cursed be he who
touches a hair of his head, or a baioccho in his pouch. Now and forever
we will protect and honour him,--for the law or against the law; with
the faith and to the death. Amen! Amen!”

“Amen!” responded, in wild chorus, a hundred voices; and the scattered
and straggling groups pressed up the street, nearer and nearer to the

“And that he may be known,” continued the Englishman’s strange
protector, “to the eye and to the ear, I place around him the white
sash, and I give him the sacred watchword, ‘Peace to the Brave.’ Signor,
when you wear this sash, the proudest in these parts will bare the head
and bend the knee. Signor, when you utter this watchword, the bravest
hearts will be bound to your bidding. Desire you safety, or ask you
revenge--to gain a beauty, or to lose a foe,--speak but the word, and we
are yours: we are yours! Is it not so, comrades?”

And again the hoarse voices shouted, “Amen, Amen!”

“Now, signor,” whispered the bravo, “if you have a few coins to spare,
scatter them amongst the crowd, and let us be gone.”

Glyndon, not displeased at the concluding sentence, emptied his purse
in the streets; and while, with mingled oaths, blessings, shrieks, and
yells, men, women, and children scrambled for the money, the bravo,
taking the rein of the horse, led it a few paces through the village at
a brisk trot, and then, turning up a narrow lane to the left, in a few
minutes neither houses nor men were visible, and the mountains closed
their path on either side. It was then that, releasing the bridle and
slackening his pace, the guide turned his dark eyes on Glyndon with an
arch expression, and said,--

“Your Excellency was not, perhaps, prepared for the hearty welcome we
have given you.”

“Why, in truth, I OUGHT to have been prepared for it, since the signor,
to whose house I am bound, did not disguise from me the character of the
neighbourhood. And your name, my friend, if I may so call you?”

“Oh, no ceremonies with me, Excellency. In the village I am generally
called Maestro Paolo. I had a surname once, though a very equivocal one;
and I have forgotten THAT since I retired from the world.”

“And was it from disgust, from poverty, or from some--some ebullition
of passion which entailed punishment, that you betook yourself to the

“Why, signor,” said the bravo, with a gay laugh, “hermits of my class
seldom love the confessional. However, I have no secrets while my step
is in these defiles, my whistle in my pouch, and my carbine at my back.”
 With that the robber, as if he loved permission to talk at his
will, hemmed thrice, and began with much humour; though, as his tale
proceeded, the memories it roused seemed to carry him farther than he
at first intended, and reckless and light-hearted ease gave way to
that fierce and varied play of countenance and passion of gesture which
characterise the emotions of his countrymen.

“I was born at Terracina,--a fair spot, is it not? My father was a
learned monk of high birth; my mother--Heaven rest her!--an innkeeper’s
pretty daughter. Of course there could be no marriage in the case;
and when I was born, the monk gravely declared my appearance to be
miraculous. I was dedicated from my cradle to the altar; and my head was
universally declared to be the orthodox shape for a cowl. As I grew up,
the monk took great pains with my education; and I learned Latin and
psalmody as soon as less miraculous infants learn crowing. Nor did the
holy man’s care stint itself to my interior accomplishments. Although
vowed to poverty, he always contrived that my mother should have
her pockets full; and between her pockets and mine there was soon
established a clandestine communication; accordingly, at fourteen,
I wore my cap on one side, stuck pistols in my belt, and assumed the
swagger of a cavalier and a gallant. At that age my poor mother died;
and about the same period my father, having written a History of the
Pontifical Bulls, in forty volumes, and being, as I said, of high birth,
obtained a cardinal’s hat. From that time he thought fit to disown your
humble servant. He bound me over to an honest notary at Naples, and gave
me two hundred crowns by way of provision. Well, signor, I saw enough of
the law to convince me that I should never be rogue enough to shine in
the profession. So, instead of spoiling parchment, I made love to the
notary’s daughter. My master discovered our innocent amusement, and
turned me out of doors; that was disagreeable. But my Ninetta loved
me, and took care that I should not lie out in the streets with the
Lazzaroni. Little jade! I think I see her now with her bare feet, and
her finger to her lips, opening the door in the summer nights, and
bidding me creep softly into the kitchen, where, praised be the saints!
a flask and a manchet always awaited the hungry amoroso. At last,
however, Ninetta grew cold. It is the way of the sex, signor. Her
father found her an excellent marriage in the person of a withered old
picture-dealer. She took the spouse, and very properly clapped the door
in the face of the lover. I was not disheartened, Excellency; no, not I.
Women are plentiful while we are young. So, without a ducat in my pocket
or a crust for my teeth, I set out to seek my fortune on board of a
Spanish merchantman. That was duller work than I expected; but luckily
we were attacked by a pirate,--half the crew were butchered, the
rest captured. I was one of the last: always in luck, you see,
signor,--monks’ sons have a knack that way! The captain of the pirates
took a fancy to me. ‘Serve with us?’ said he. ‘Too happy,’ said I.
Behold me, then, a pirate! O jolly life! how I blessed the old notary
for turning me out of doors! What feasting, what fighting, what wooing,
what quarrelling! Sometimes we ran ashore and enjoyed ourselves like
princes; sometimes we lay in a calm for days together on the loveliest
sea that man ever traversed. And then, if the breeze rose and a sail
came in sight, who so merry as we? I passed three years in that charming
profession, and then, signor, I grew ambitious. I caballed against the
captain; I wanted his post. One still night we struck the blow. The ship
was like a log in the sea, no land to be seen from the mast-head, the
waves like glass, and the moon at its full. Up we rose, thirty of us and
more. Up we rose with a shout; we poured into the captain’s cabin, I at
the head. The brave old boy had caught the alarm, and there he stood at
the doorway, a pistol in each hand; and his one eye (he had only one)
worse to meet than the pistols were.

“‘Yield!’ cried I; ‘your life shall be safe.’

“‘Take that,’ said he, and whiz went the pistol; but the saints took
care of their own, and the ball passed by my cheek, and shot the
boatswain behind me. I closed with the captain, and the other pistol
went off without mischief in the struggle. Such a fellow he was,--six
feet four without his shoes! Over we went, rolling each on the other.
Santa Maria! no time to get hold of one’s knife. Meanwhile all the crew
were up, some for the captain, some for me,--clashing and firing, and
swearing and groaning, and now and then a heavy splash in the sea. Fine
supper for the sharks that night! At last old Bilboa got uppermost; out
flashed his knife; down it came, but not in my heart. No! I gave my left
arm as a shield; and the blade went through to the hilt, with the blood
spurting up like the rain from a whale’s nostril! With the weight of the
blow the stout fellow came down so that his face touched mine; with
my right hand I caught him by the throat, turned him over like a lamb,
signor, and faith it was soon all up with him: the boatswain’s brother,
a fat Dutchman, ran him through with a pike.

“‘Old fellow,’ said I, as he turned his terrible eye to me, ‘I bear
you no malice, but we must try to get on in the world, you know.’ The
captain grinned and gave up the ghost. I went upon deck,--what a sight!
Twenty bold fellows stark and cold, and the moon sparkling on the
puddles of blood as calmly as if it were water. Well, signor, the
victory was ours, and the ship mine; I ruled merrily enough for six
months. We then attacked a French ship twice our size; what sport it
was! And we had not had a good fight so long, we were quite like virgins
at it! We got the best of it, and won ship and cargo. They wanted to
pistol the captain, but that was against my laws: so we gagged him, for
he scolded as loud as if we were married to him; left him and the
rest of his crew on board our own vessel, which was terribly battered;
clapped our black flag on the Frenchman’s, and set off merrily, with a
brisk wind in our favour. But luck deserted us on forsaking our own dear
old ship. A storm came on, a plank struck; several of us escaped in a
boat; we had lots of gold with us, but no water. For two days and two
nights we suffered horribly; but at last we ran ashore near a French
seaport. Our sorry plight moved compassion, and as we had money, we were
not suspected,--people only suspect the poor. Here we soon recovered
our fatigues, rigged ourselves out gayly, and your humble servant was
considered as noble a captain as ever walked deck. But now, alas! my
fate would have it that I should fall in love with a silk-mercer’s
daughter. Ah, how I loved her!--the pretty Clara! Yes, I loved her
so well that I was seized with horror at my past life! I resolved to
repent, to marry her, and settle down into an honest man. Accordingly, I
summoned my messmates, told them my resolution, resigned my command,
and persuaded them to depart. They were good fellows, engaged with a
Dutchman, against whom I heard afterwards they made a successful mutiny,
but I never saw them more. I had two thousand crowns still left; with
this sum I obtained the consent of the silk-mercer, and it was agreed
that I should become a partner in the firm. I need not say that no one
suspected that I had been so great a man, and I passed for a Neapolitan
goldsmith’s son instead of a cardinal’s. I was very happy then, signor,
very,--I could not have harmed a fly! Had I married Clara, I had been as
gentle a mercer as ever handled a measure.”

The bravo paused a moment, and it was easy to see that he felt more than
his words and tone betokened. “Well, well, we must not look back at the
past too earnestly,--the sunlight upon it makes one’s eyes water. The
day was fixed for our wedding,--it approached. On the evening before the
appointed day, Clara, her mother, her little sister, and myself, were
walking by the port; and as we looked on the sea, I was telling them
old gossip-tales of mermaids and sea-serpents, when a red-faced,
bottle-nosed Frenchman clapped himself right before me, and, placing his
spectacles very deliberately astride his proboscis, echoed out, ‘Sacre,
mille tonnerres! this is the damned pirate who boarded the “Niobe”!’”

“‘None of your jests,’ said I, mildly. ‘Ho, ho!’ said he; ‘I can’t be
mistaken; help there!’ and he griped me by the collar. I replied, as
you may suppose, by laying him in the kennel; but it would not do. The
French captain had a French lieutenant at his back, whose memory was as
good as his chief’s. A crowd assembled; other sailors came up: the
odds were against me. I slept that night in prison; and in a few weeks
afterwards I was sent to the galleys. They spared my life, because the
old Frenchman politely averred that I had made my crew spare his. You
may believe that the oar and the chain were not to my taste. I and two
others escaped; they took to the road, and have, no doubt, been long
since broken on the wheel. I, soft soul, would not commit another crime
to gain my bread, for Clara was still at my heart with her sweet eyes;
so, limiting my rogueries to the theft of a beggar’s rags, which I
compensated by leaving him my galley attire instead, I begged my way
to the town where I left Clara. It was a clear winter’s day when I
approached the outskirts of the town. I had no fear of detection, for my
beard and hair were as good as a mask. Oh, Mother of Mercy! there came
across my way a funeral procession! There, now you know it; I can tell
you no more. She had died, perhaps of love, more likely of shame. Can
you guess how I spent that night?--I stole a pickaxe from a mason’s
shed, and all alone and unseen, under the frosty heavens, I dug the
fresh mould from the grave; I lifted the coffin, I wrenched the lid, I
saw her again--again! Decay had not touched her. She was always pale in
life! I could have sworn she lived! It was a blessed thing to see her
once more, and all alone too! But then, at dawn, to give her back to the
earth,--to close the lid, to throw down the mould, to hear the pebbles
rattle on the coffin: that was dreadful! Signor, I never knew before,
and I don’t wish to think now, how valuable a thing human life is. At
sunrise I was again a wanderer; but now that Clara was gone, my scruples
vanished, and again I was at war with my betters. I contrived at last,
at O--, to get taken on board a vessel bound to Leghorn, working out my
passage. From Leghorn I went to Rome, and stationed myself at the door
of the cardinal’s palace. Out he came, his gilded coach at the gate.

“‘Ho, father!’ said I; ‘don’t you know me?’

“‘Who are you?’

“‘Your son,’ said I, in a whisper.

“The cardinal drew back, looked at me earnestly, and mused a moment.
‘All men are my sons,’ quoth he then, very mildly; ‘there is gold for
thee! To him who begs once, alms are due; to him who begs twice, jails
are open. Take the hint and molest me no more. Heaven bless thee!’ With
that he got into his coach, and drove off to the Vatican. His purse
which he had left behind was well supplied. I was grateful and
contented, and took my way to Terracina. I had not long passed the
marshes when I saw two horsemen approach at a canter.

“‘You look poor, friend,’ said one of them, halting; ‘yet you are

“‘Poor men and strong are both serviceable and dangerous, Signor

“‘Well said; follow us.’

“I obeyed, and became a bandit. I rose by degrees; and as I have always
been mild in my calling, and have taken purses without cutting throats,
I bear an excellent character, and can eat my macaroni at Naples without
any danger to life and limb. For the last two years I have settled in
these parts, where I hold sway, and where I have purchased land. I am
called a farmer, signor; and I myself now only rob for amusement, and to
keep my hand in. I trust I have satisfied your curiosity. We are within
a hundred yards of the castle.”

“And how,” asked the Englishman, whose interest had been much excited
by his companion’s narrative,--“and how came you acquainted with my
host?--and by what means has he so well conciliated the goodwill of
yourself and friends?”

Maestro Paolo turned his black eyes very gravely towards his questioner.
“Why, signor,” said he, “you must surely know more of the foreign
cavalier with the hard name than I do. All I can say is, that about
a fortnight ago I chanced to be standing by a booth in the Toledo at
Naples, when a sober-looking gentleman touched me by the arm, and said,
‘Maestro Paolo, I want to make your acquaintance; do me the favour to
come into yonder tavern, and drink a flask of lacrima.’ ‘Willingly,’
said I. So we entered the tavern. When we were seated, my new
acquaintance thus accosted me: ‘The Count d’O-- has offered to let me
hire his old castle near B--. You know the spot?’

“‘Extremely well; no one has inhabited it for a century at least; it
is half in ruins, signor. A queer place to hire; I hope the rent is not

“‘Maestro Paolo,’ said he, ‘I am a philosopher, and don’t care for
luxuries. I want a quiet retreat for some scientific experiments.
The castle will suit me very well, provided you will accept me as a
neighbour, and place me and my friends under your special protection.
I am rich; but I shall take nothing to the castle worth robbing. I will
pay one rent to the count, and another to you.’

“With that we soon came to terms; and as the strange signor doubled the
sum I myself proposed, he is in high favour with all his neighbours. We
would guard the whole castle against an army. And now, signor, that I
have been thus frank, be frank with me. Who is this singular cavalier?”

“Who?--he himself told you, a philosopher.”

“Hem! searching for the Philosopher’s Stone,--eh, a bit of a magician;
afraid of the priests?”

“Precisely; you have hit it.”

“I thought so; and you are his pupil?”

“I am.”

“I wish you well through it,” said the robber, seriously, and crossing
himself with much devotion; “I am not much better than other people,
but one’s soul is one’s soul. I do not mind a little honest robbery, or
knocking a man on the head if need be,--but to make a bargain with the
devil! Ah, take care, young gentleman, take care!”

“You need not fear,” said Glyndon, smiling; “my preceptor is too wise
and too good for such a compact. But here we are, I suppose. A noble
ruin,--a glorious prospect!”

Glyndon paused delightedly, and surveyed the scene before and below with
the eye of a painter. Insensibly, while listening to the bandit, he had
wound up a considerable ascent, and now he was upon a broad ledge of
rock covered with mosses and dwarf shrubs. Between this eminence and
another of equal height, upon which the castle was built, there was a
deep but narrow fissure, overgrown with the most profuse foliage, so
that the eye could not penetrate many yards below the rugged surface of
the abyss; but the profoundness might be well conjectured by the
hoarse, low, monotonous roar of waters unseen that rolled below, and the
subsequent course of which was visible at a distance in a perturbed and
rapid stream that intersected the waste and desolate valleys.

To the left, the prospect seemed almost boundless,--the extreme
clearness of the purple air serving to render distinct the features of
a range of country that a conqueror of old might have deemed in itself
a kingdom. Lonely and desolate as the road which Glyndon had passed that
day had appeared, the landscape now seemed studded with castles, spires,
and villages. Afar off, Naples gleamed whitely in the last rays of the
sun, and the rose-tints of the horizon melted into the azure of her
glorious bay. Yet more remote, and in another part of the prospect,
might be caught, dim and shadowy, and backed by the darkest foliage,
the ruined pillars of the ancient Posidonia. There, in the midst of his
blackened and sterile realms, rose the dismal Mount of Fire; while on
the other hand, winding through variegated plains, to which distance
lent all its magic, glittered many and many a stream by which Etruscan
and Sybarite, Roman and Saracen and Norman had, at intervals of ages,
pitched the invading tent. All the visions of the past--the stormy and
dazzling histories of Southern Italy--rushed over the artist’s mind as
he gazed below. And then, slowly turning to look behind, he saw the grey
and mouldering walls of the castle in which he sought the secrets that
were to give to hope in the future a mightier empire than memory owns in
the past. It was one of those baronial fortresses with which Italy was
studded in the earlier middle ages, having but little of the Gothic
grace or grandeur which belongs to the ecclesiastical architecture of
the same time, but rude, vast, and menacing, even in decay. A wooden
bridge was thrown over the chasm, wide enough to admit two horsemen
abreast; and the planks trembled and gave back a hollow sound as Glyndon
urged his jaded steed across.

A road which had once been broad and paved with rough flags, but which
now was half-obliterated by long grass and rank weeds, conducted to the
outer court of the castle hard by; the gates were open, and half the
building in this part was dismantled; the ruins partially hid by ivy
that was the growth of centuries. But on entering the inner court,
Glyndon was not sorry to notice that there was less appearance of
neglect and decay; some wild roses gave a smile to the grey walls, and
in the centre there was a fountain in which the waters still trickled
coolly, and with a pleasing murmur, from the jaws of a gigantic Triton.
Here he was met by Mejnour with a smile.

“Welcome, my friend and pupil,” said he: “he who seeks for Truth can
find in these solitudes an immortal Academe.”


     And Abaris, so far from esteeming Pythagoras, who taught these
     things, a necromancer or wizard, rather revered and admired him
     as something divine.--Iamblich., “Vit. Pythag.”

The attendants whom Mejnour had engaged for his strange abode were such
as might suit a philosopher of few wants. An old Armenian whom Glyndon
recognised as in the mystic’s service at Naples, a tall, hard-featured
woman from the village, recommended by Maestro Paolo, and two
long-haired, smooth-spoken, but fierce-visaged youths from the
same place, and honoured by the same sponsorship, constituted
the establishment. The rooms used by the sage were commodious and
weather-proof, with some remains of ancient splendour in the faded
arras that clothed the walls, and the huge tables of costly marble and
elaborate carving. Glyndon’s sleeping apartment communicated with a kind
of belvedere, or terrace, that commanded prospects of unrivalled beauty
and extent, and was separated on the other side by a long gallery, and
a flight of ten or a dozen stairs, from the private chambers of the
mystic. There was about the whole place a sombre and yet not displeasing
depth of repose. It suited well with the studies to which it was now to
be appropriated.

For several days Mejnour refused to confer with Glyndon on the subjects
nearest to his heart.

“All without,” said he, “is prepared, but not all within; your own
soul must grow accustomed to the spot, and filled with the surrounding
nature; for Nature is the source of all inspiration.”

With these words Mejnour turned to lighter topics. He made the
Englishman accompany him in long rambles through the wild scenes
around, and he smiled approvingly when the young artist gave way to the
enthusiasm which their fearful beauty could not have failed to rouse in
a duller breast; and then Mejnour poured forth to his wondering pupil
the stores of a knowledge that seemed inexhaustible and boundless. He
gave accounts the most curious, graphic, and minute of the various races
(their characters, habits, creeds, and manners) by which that fair land
had been successively overrun. It is true that his descriptions could
not be found in books, and were unsupported by learned authorities; but
he possessed the true charm of the tale-teller, and spoke of all with
the animated confidence of a personal witness. Sometimes, too, he would
converse upon the more durable and the loftier mysteries of Nature with
an eloquence and a research which invested them with all the colours
rather of poetry than science. Insensibly the young artist found himself
elevated and soothed by the lore of his companion; the fever of his wild
desires was slaked. His mind became more and more lulled into the divine
tranquillity of contemplation; he felt himself a nobler being, and in
the silence of his senses he imagined that he heard the voice of his

It was to this state that Mejnour evidently sought to bring the
neophyte, and in this elementary initiation the mystic was like every
more ordinary sage. For he who seeks to DISCOVER must first reduce
himself into a kind of abstract idealism, and be rendered up, in solemn
and sweet bondage, to the faculties which CONTEMPLATE and IMAGINE.

Glyndon noticed that, in their rambles, Mejnour often paused, where the
foliage was rifest, to gather some herb or flower; and this reminded him
that he had seen Zanoni similarly occupied. “Can these humble children
of Nature,” said he one day to Mejnour,--“things that bloom and wither
in a day, be serviceable to the science of the higher secrets? Is there
a pharmacy for the soul as well as the body, and do the nurslings of the
summer minister not only to human health but spiritual immortality?”

“If,” answered Mejnour, “a stranger had visited a wandering tribe before
one property of herbalism was known to them; if he had told the savages
that the herbs which every day they trampled under foot were endowed
with the most potent virtues; that one would restore to health a brother
on the verge of death; that another would paralyse into idiocy their
wisest sage; that a third would strike lifeless to the dust their most
stalwart champion; that tears and laughter, vigour and disease, madness
and reason, wakefulness and sleep, existence and dissolution, were
coiled up in those unregarded leaves,--would they not have held him a
sorcerer or a liar? To half the virtues of the vegetable world mankind
are yet in the darkness of the savages I have supposed. There are
faculties within us with which certain herbs have affinity, and over
which they have power. The moly of the ancients is not all a fable.”

The apparent character of Mejnour differed in much from that of Zanoni;
and while it fascinated Glyndon less, it subdued and impressed him
more. The conversation of Zanoni evinced a deep and general interest for
mankind,--a feeling approaching to enthusiasm for art and beauty. The
stories circulated concerning his habits elevated the mystery of his
life by actions of charity and beneficence. And in all this there
was something genial and humane that softened the awe he created, and
tended, perhaps, to raise suspicions as to the loftier secrets that he
arrogated to himself. But Mejnour seemed wholly indifferent to all the
actual world. If he committed no evil, he seemed equally apathetic to
good. His deeds relieved no want, his words pitied no distress. What
we call the heart appeared to have merged into the intellect. He moved,
thought, and lived like some regular and calm abstraction, rather than
one who yet retained, with the form, the feelings and sympathies of his

Glyndon once, observing the tone of supreme indifference with which he
spoke of those changes on the face of earth which he asserted he had
witnessed, ventured to remark to him the distinction he had noted.

“It is true,” said Mejnour, coldly. “My life is the life that
contemplates,--Zanoni’s is the life that enjoys: when I gather the herb,
I think but of its uses; Zanoni will pause to admire its beauties.”

“And you deem your own the superior and the loftier existence?”

“No. His is the existence of youth,--mine of age. We have cultivated
different faculties. Each has powers the other cannot aspire to. Those
with whom he associates live better,--those who associate with me know

“I have heard, in truth,” said Glyndon, “that his companions at Naples
were observed to lead purer and nobler lives after intercourse with
Zanoni; yet were they not strange companions, at the best, for a sage?
This terrible power, too, that he exercises at will, as in the death of
the Prince di --, and that of the Count Ughelli, scarcely becomes the
tranquil seeker after good.”

“True,” said Mejnour, with an icy smile; “such must ever be the error of
those philosophers who would meddle with the active life of mankind. You
cannot serve some without injuring others; you cannot protect the good
without warring on the bad; and if you desire to reform the faulty, why,
you must lower yourself to live with the faulty to know their faults.
Even so saith Paracelsus, a great man, though often wrong. [‘It is as
necessary to know evil things as good; for who can know what is good
without the knowing what is evil?’ etc.--Paracelsus, ‘De Nat. Rer.,’
lib. 3.) Not mine this folly; I live but in knowledge,--I have no life
in mankind!”

Another time Glyndon questioned the mystic as to the nature of that
union or fraternity to which Zanoni had once referred.

“I am right, I suppose,” said he, “in conjecturing that you and himself
profess to be the brothers of the Rosy Cross?”

“Do you imagine,” answered Mejnour, “that there were no mystic and
solemn unions of men seeking the same end through the same means before
the Arabians of Damus, in 1378, taught to a wandering German the secrets
which founded the Institution of the Rosicrucians? I allow, however,
that the Rosicrucians formed a sect descended from the greater and
earlier school. They were wiser than the Alchemists,--their masters are
wiser than they.”

“And of this early and primary order how many still exist?”

“Zanoni and myself.”

“What, two only!--and you profess the power to teach to all the secret
that baffles Death?”

“Your ancestor attained that secret; he died rather than survive the
only thing he loved. We have, my pupil, no arts by which we CAN PUT
DEATH OUT OF OUR OPTION, or out of the will of Heaven. These walls may
crush me as I stand. All that we profess to do is but this,--to find
out the secrets of the human frame; to know why the parts ossify and the
blood stagnates, and to apply continual preventives to the effects of
time. This is not magic; it is the art of medicine rightly understood.
In our order we hold most noble,--first, that knowledge which elevates
the intellect; secondly, that which preserves the body. But the mere art
(extracted from the juices and simples) which recruits the animal vigour
and arrests the progress of decay, or that more noble secret, which I
will only hint to thee at present, by which HEAT, or CALORIC, as ye
call it, being, as Heraclitus wisely taught, the primordial principle
of life, can be made its perpetual renovater,--these I say, would not
suffice for safety. It is ours also to disarm and elude the wrath of
men, to turn the swords of our foes against each other, to glide (if
not incorporeal) invisible to eyes over which we can throw a mist and
darkness. And this some seers have professed to be the virtue of a stone
of agate. Abaris placed it in his arrow. I will find you an herb in yon
valley that will give a surer charm than the agate and the arrow. In one
word, know this, that the humblest and meanest products of Nature are
those from which the sublimest properties are to be drawn.”

“But,” said Glyndon, “if possessed of these great secrets, why
so churlish in withholding their diffusion? Does not the false or
charlatanic science differ in this from the true and indisputable,--that
the last communicates to the world the process by which it attains its
discoveries; the first boasts of marvellous results, and refuses to
explain the causes?”

“Well said, O Logician of the Schools; but think again. Suppose we were
to impart all our knowledge to all mankind indiscriminately,--alike to
the vicious and the virtuous,--should we be benefactors or scourges?
Imagine the tyrant, the sensualist, the evil and corrupted being
possessed of these tremendous powers; would he not be a demon let loose
on earth? Grant that the same privilege be accorded also to the good;
and in what state would be society? Engaged in a Titan war,--the good
forever on the defensive, the bad forever in assault. In the present
condition of the earth, evil is a more active principle than good, and
the evil would prevail. It is for these reasons that we are not only
solemnly bound to administer our lore only to those who will not misuse
and pervert it, but that we place our ordeal in tests that purify
the passions and elevate the desires. And Nature in this controls and
assists us: for it places awful guardians and insurmountable barriers
between the ambition of vice and the heaven of the loftier science.”

Such made a small part of the numerous conversations Mejnour held
with his pupil,--conversations that, while they appeared to address
themselves to the reason, inflamed yet more the fancy. It was the very
disclaiming of all powers which Nature, properly investigated, did
not suffice to create, that gave an air of probability to those which
Mejnour asserted Nature might bestow.

Thus days and weeks rolled on; and the mind of Glyndon, gradually fitted
to this sequestered and musing life, forgot at last the vanities and
chimeras of the world without.

One evening he had lingered alone and late upon the ramparts, watching
the stars as, one by one, they broke upon the twilight. Never had he
felt so sensibly the mighty power of the heavens and the earth upon man;
how much the springs of our intellectual being are moved and acted upon
by the solemn influences of Nature. As a patient on whom, slowly and by
degrees, the agencies of mesmerism are brought to bear, he acknowledged
to his heart the growing force of that vast and universal magnetism
which is the life of creation, and binds the atom to the whole. A
strange and ineffable consciousness of power, of the SOMETHING GREAT
within the perishable clay, appealed to feelings at once dim and
glorious,--like the faint recognitions of a holier and former being. An
impulse, that he could not resist, led him to seek the mystic. He would
demand, that hour, his initiation into the worlds beyond our world,--he
was prepared to breathe a diviner air. He entered the castle, and strode
the shadowy and starlit gallery which conducted to Mejnour’s apartment.


     Man is the eye of things.--Euryph, “de Vit. Hum.”

     ...There is, therefore, a certain ecstatical or transporting
     power, which, if at any time it shall be excited or stirred up by
     an ardent desire and most strong imagination, is able to conduct
     the spirit of the more outward even to some absent and
     far-distant object.--Von Helmont.

The rooms that Mejnour occupied consisted of two chambers communicating
with each other, and a third in which he slept. All these rooms
were placed in the huge square tower that beetled over the dark and
bush-grown precipice. The first chamber which Glyndon entered was empty.
With a noiseless step he passed on, and opened the door that admitted
into the inner one. He drew back at the threshold, overpowered by a
strong fragrance which filled the chamber: a kind of mist thickened the
air rather than obscured it, for this vapour was not dark, but resembled
a snow-cloud moving slowly, and in heavy undulations, wave upon wave
regularly over the space. A mortal cold struck to the Englishman’s
heart, and his blood froze. He stood rooted to the spot; and as his eyes
strained involuntarily through the vapour, he fancied (for he could not
be sure that it was not the trick of his imagination) that he saw dim,
spectre-like, but gigantic forms floating through the mist; or was it
not rather the mist itself that formed its vapours fantastically into
those moving, impalpable, and bodiless apparitions? A great painter
of antiquity is said, in a picture of Hades, to have represented the
monsters that glide through the ghostly River of the Dead, so artfully,
that the eye perceived at once that the river itself was but a spectre,
and the bloodless things that tenanted it had no life, their forms
blending with the dead waters till, as the eye continued to gaze, it
ceased to discern them from the preternatural element they were supposed
to inhabit. Such were the moving outlines that coiled and floated
through the mist; but before Glyndon had even drawn breath in this
atmosphere--for his life itself seemed arrested or changed into a kind
of horrid trance--he felt his hand seized, and he was led from that room
into the outer one. He heard the door close,--his blood rushed again
through his veins, and he saw Mejnour by his side. Strong convulsions
then suddenly seized his whole frame,--he fell to the ground insensible.
When he recovered, he found himself in the open air in a rude balcony of
stone that jutted from the chamber, the stars shining serenely over the
dark abyss below, and resting calmly upon the face of the mystic, who
stood beside him with folded arms.

“Young man,” said Mejnour, “judge by what you have just felt, how
dangerous it is to seek knowledge until prepared to receive it. Another
moment in the air of that chamber and you had been a corpse.”

“Then of what nature was the knowledge that you, once mortal like
myself, could safely have sought in that icy atmosphere, which it was
death for me to breathe? Mejnour,” continued Glyndon, and his wild
desire, sharpened by the very danger he had passed, once more animated
and nerved him, “I am prepared at least for the first steps. I come to
you as of old the pupil to the Hierophant, and demand the initiation.”

Mejnour passed his hand over the young man’s heart,--it beat loud,
regularly, and boldly. He looked at him with something almost like
admiration in his passionless and frigid features, and muttered, half
to himself, “Surely, in so much courage the true disciple is found at
last.” Then, speaking aloud, he added, “Be it so; man’s first initiation
is in TRANCE. In dreams commences all human knowledge; in dreams
hovers over measureless space the first faint bridge between spirit and
spirit,--this world and the worlds beyond! Look steadfastly on yonder

Glyndon obeyed, and Mejnour retired into the chamber, from which there
then slowly emerged a vapour, somewhat paler and of fainter odour than
that which had nearly produced so fatal an effect on his frame. This,
on the contrary, as it coiled around him, and then melted in thin spires
into the air, breathed a refreshing and healthful fragrance. He still
kept his eyes on the star, and the star seemed gradually to fix and
command his gaze. A sort of languor next seized his frame, but without,
as he thought, communicating itself to the mind; and as this crept over
him, he felt his temples sprinkled with some volatile and fiery essence.
At the same moment a slight tremor shook his limbs and thrilled through
his veins. The languor increased, still he kept his gaze upon the star,
and now its luminous circumference seemed to expand and dilate. It
became gradually softer and clearer in its light; spreading wider and
broader, it diffused all space,--all space seemed swallowed up in it.
And at last, in the midst of a silver shining atmosphere, he felt as if
something burst within his brain,--as if a strong chain were broken; and
at that moment a sense of heavenly liberty, of unutterable delight, of
freedom from the body, of birdlike lightness, seemed to float him
into the space itself. “Whom, now upon earth, dost thou wish to see?”
 whispered the voice of Mejnour. “Viola and Zanoni!” answered Glyndon, in
his heart; but he felt that his lips moved not.

Suddenly at that thought,--through this space, in which nothing save one
mellow translucent light had been discernible,--a swift succession
of shadowy landscapes seemed to roll: trees, mountains, cities, seas,
glided along like the changes of a phantasmagoria; and at last,
settled and stationary, he saw a cave by the gradual marge of an ocean
shore,--myrtles and orange-trees clothing the gentle banks. On a height,
at a distance, gleamed the white but shattered relics of some ruined
heathen edifice; and the moon, in calm splendour, shining over all,
literally bathed with its light two forms without the cave, at whose
feet the blue waters crept, and he thought that he even heard them
murmur. He recognised both the figures. Zanoni was seated on a fragment
of stone; Viola, half-reclining by his side, was looking into his face,
which was bent down to her, and in her countenance was the expression of
that perfect happiness which belongs to perfect love. “Wouldst thou hear
them speak?” whispered Mejnour; and again, without sound, Glyndon inly
answered, “Yes!” Their voices then came to his ear, but in tones that
seemed to him strange; so subdued were they, and sounding, as it were,
so far off, that they were as voices heard in the visions of some holier
men from a distant sphere.

“And how is it,” said Viola, “that thou canst find pleasure in listening
to the ignorant?”

“Because the heart is never ignorant; because the mysteries of the
feelings are as full of wonder as those of the intellect. If at times
thou canst not comprehend the language of my thoughts, at times also I
hear sweet enigmas in that of thy emotions.”

“Ah, say not so!” said Viola, winding her arm tenderly round his neck,
and under that heavenly light her face seemed lovelier for its blushes.
“For the enigmas are but love’s common language, and love should solve
them. Till I knew thee,--till I lived with thee; till I learned to
watch for thy footstep when absent: yet even in absence to see
thee everywhere!--I dreamed not how strong and all-pervading is the
connection between nature and the human soul!...

“And yet,” she continued, “I am now assured of what I at first
believed,--that the feelings which attracted me towards thee at first
were not those of love. I know THAT, by comparing the present with the
past,--it was a sentiment then wholly of the mind or the spirit! I could
not hear thee now say, ‘Viola, be happy with another!’”

“And I could not now tell thee so! Ah, Viola, never be weary of assuring
me that thou art happy!”

“Happy while thou art so. Yet at times, Zanoni, thou art so sad!”

“Because human life is so short; because we must part at last; because
yon moon shines on when the nightingale sings to it no more! A little
while, and thine eyes will grow dim, and thy beauty haggard, and these
locks that I toy with now will be grey and loveless.”

“And thou, cruel one!” said Viola, touchingly, “I shall never see the
signs of age in thee! But shall we not grow old together, and our eyes
be accustomed to a change which the heart shall not share!”

Zanoni sighed. He turned away, and seemed to commune with himself.

Glyndon’s attention grew yet more earnest.

“But were it so,” muttered Zanoni; and then looking steadfastly at
Viola, he said, with a half-smile, “Hast thou no curiosity to learn more
of the lover thou once couldst believe the agent of the Evil One?”

“None; all that one wishes to know of the beloved one, I know--THAT THOU

“I have told thee that my life is apart from others. Wouldst thou not
seek to share it?”

“I share it now!”

“But were it possible to be thus young and fair forever, till the world
blazes round us as one funeral pyre!”

“We shall be so, when we leave the world!”

Zanoni was mute for some moments, and at length he said,--

“Canst thou recall those brilliant and aerial dreams which once visited
thee, when thou didst fancy that thou wert preordained to some fate
aloof and afar from the common children of the earth?”

“Zanoni, the fate is found.”

“And hast thou no terror of the future?”

“The future! I forget it! Time past and present and to come reposes
in thy smile. Ah, Zanoni, play not with the foolish credulities of my
youth! I have been better and humbler since thy presence has dispelled
the mist of the air. The future!--well, when I have cause to dread it, I
will look up to heaven, and remember who guides our fate!”

As she lifted her eyes above, a dark cloud swept suddenly over the
scene. It wrapped the orange-trees, the azure ocean, the dense sands;
but still the last images that it veiled from the charmed eyes of
Glyndon were the forms of Viola and Zanoni. The face of the one rapt,
serene, and radiant; the face of the other, dark, thoughtful, and locked
in more than its usual rigidness of melancholy beauty and profound

“Rouse thyself,” said Mejnour; “thy ordeal has commenced! There are
pretenders to the solemn science who could have shown thee the
absent, and prated to thee, in their charlatanic jargon, of the secret
electricities and the magnetic fluid of whose true properties they know
but the germs and elements. I will lend thee the books of those glorious
dupes, and thou wilt find, in the dark ages, how many erring steps have
stumbled upon the threshold of the mighty learning, and fancied they
had pierced the temple. Hermes and Albert and Paracelsus, I knew ye all;
but, noble as ye were, ye were fated to be deceived. Ye had not souls
of faith, and daring fitted for the destinies at which ye aimed! Yet
Paracelsus--modest Paracelsus--had an arrogance that soared higher than
all our knowledge. Ho, ho!--he thought he could make a race of men from
chemistry; he arrogated to himself the Divine gift,--the breath of life.
(Paracelsus, ‘De Nat. Rer.,’ lib. i.)

“He would have made men, and, after all, confessed that they could be but
pygmies! My art is to make men above mankind. But you are impatient of
my digressions. Forgive me. All these men (they were great dreamers, as
you desire to be) were intimate friends of mine. But they are dead and
rotten. They talked of spirits,--but they dreaded to be in other company
than that of men. Like orators whom I have heard, when I stood by the
Pnyx of Athens, blazing with words like comets in the assembly, and
extinguishing their ardour like holiday rockets when they were in the
field. Ho, ho! Demosthenes, my hero-coward, how nimble were thy heels
at Chaeronea! And thou art impatient still! Boy, I could tell thee such
truths of the past as would make thee the luminary of schools. But thou
lustest only for the shadows of the future. Thou shalt have thy wish.
But the mind must be first exercised and trained. Go to thy room, and
sleep; fast austerely, read no books; meditate, imagine, dream, bewilder
thyself if thou wilt. Thought shapes out its own chaos at last. Before
midnight, seek me again!”


     It is fit that we who endeavour to rise to an elevation so
     sublime, should study first to leave behind carnal affections,
     the frailty of the senses, the passions that belong to matter;
     secondly, to learn by what means we may ascend to the climax of
     pure intellect, united with the powers above, without which never
     can we gain the lore of secret things, nor the magic that effects
     true wonders.--Tritemius “On Secret Things and Secret Spirits.”

It wanted still many minutes of midnight, and Glyndon was once more in
the apartment of the mystic. He had rigidly observed the fast ordained
to him; and in the rapt and intense reveries into which his excited
fancy had plunged him, he was not only insensible to the wants of the
flesh,--he felt above them.

Mejnour, seated beside his disciple, thus addressed him:--

“Man is arrogant in proportion to his ignorance. Man’s natural tendency
is to egotism. Man, in his infancy of knowledge, thinks that all
creation was formed for him. For several ages he saw in the countless
worlds that sparkle through space like the bubbles of a shoreless ocean
only the petty candles, the household torches, that Providence had
been pleased to light for no other purpose but to make the night more
agreeable to man. Astronomy has corrected this delusion of human vanity;
and man now reluctantly confesses that the stars are worlds larger and
more glorious than his own,--that the earth on which he crawls is a
scarce visible speck on the vast chart of creation. But in the small as
in the vast, God is equally profuse of life. The traveller looks upon
the tree, and fancies its boughs were formed for his shelter in the
summer sun, or his fuel in the winter frosts. But in each leaf of these
boughs the Creator has made a world; it swarms with innumerable races.
Each drop of the water in yon moat is an orb more populous than a
kingdom is of men. Everywhere, then, in this immense design, science
brings new life to light. Life is the one pervading principle, and even
the thing that seems to die and putrify but engenders new life, and
changes to fresh forms of matter. Reasoning, then, by evident analogy:
if not a leaf, if not a drop of water, but is, no less than yonder star,
a habitable and breathing world,--nay, if even man himself is a world to
other lives, and millions and myriads dwell in the rivers of his blood,
and inhabit man’s frame as man inhabits earth, commonsense (if your
schoolmen had it) would suffice to teach that the circumfluent infinite
which you call space--the countless Impalpable which divides earth
from the moon and stars--is filled also with its correspondent and
appropriate life. Is it not a visible absurdity to suppose that being is
crowded upon every leaf, and yet absent from the immensities of space?
The law of the Great System forbids the waste even of an atom; it
knows no spot where something of life does not breathe. In the very
charnel-house is the nursery of production and animation. Is that true?
Well, then, can you conceive that space, which is the Infinite itself,
is alone a waste, is alone lifeless, is less useful to the one design of
universal being than the dead carcass of a dog, than the peopled leaf,
than the swarming globule? The microscope shows you the creatures on the
leaf; no mechanical tube is yet invented to discover the nobler and more
gifted things that hover in the illimitable air. Yet between these last
and man is a mysterious and terrible affinity. And hence, by tales and
legends, not wholly false nor wholly true, have arisen from time to
time, beliefs in apparitions and spectres. If more common to the earlier
and simpler tribes than to the men of your duller age, it is but that,
with the first, the senses are more keen and quick. And as the savage
can see or scent miles away the traces of a foe, invisible to the gross
sense of the civilised animal, so the barrier itself between him and
the creatures of the airy world is less thickened and obscured. Do you

“With my soul!”

“But first, to penetrate this barrier, the soul with which you listen
must be sharpened by intense enthusiasm, purified from all earthlier
desires. Not without reason have the so-styled magicians, in all
lands and times, insisted on chastity and abstemious reverie as the
communicants of inspiration. When thus prepared, science can be brought
to aid it; the sight itself may be rendered more subtle, the nerves more
acute, the spirit more alive and outward, and the element itself--the
air, the space--may be made, by certain secrets of the higher chemistry,
more palpable and clear. And this, too, is not magic, as the credulous
call it; as I have so often said before, magic (or science that violates
Nature) exists not: it is but the science by which Nature can be
controlled. Now, in space there are millions of beings not literally
spiritual, for they have all, like the animalculae unseen by the naked
eye, certain forms of matter, though matter so delicate, air-drawn, and
subtle, that it is, as it were, but a film, a gossamer that clothes the
spirit. Hence the Rosicrucian’s lovely phantoms of sylph and gnome. Yet,
in truth, these races and tribes differ more widely, each from each,
than the Calmuc from the Greek,--differ in attributes and powers. In the
drop of water you see how the animalculae vary, how vast and terrible
are some of those monster mites as compared with others. Equally so with
the inhabitants of the atmosphere: some of surpassing wisdom, some of
horrible malignity; some hostile as fiends to men, others gentle as
messengers between earth and heaven.

“He who would establish intercourse with these varying beings resembles
the traveller who would penetrate into unknown lands. He is exposed to
strange dangers and unconjectured terrors. THAT INTERCOURSE ONCE GAINED,
I cannot direct thee to paths free from the wanderings of the deadliest
foes. Thou must alone, and of thyself, face and hazard all. But if thou
art so enamoured of life as to care only to live on, no matter for what
ends, recruiting the nerves and veins with the alchemist’s vivifying
elixir, why seek these dangers from the intermediate tribes? Because the
very elixir that pours a more glorious life into the frame, so sharpens
the senses that those larvae of the air become to thee audible and
apparent; so that, unless trained by degrees to endure the phantoms and
subdue their malice, a life thus gifted would be the most awful doom
man could bring upon himself. Hence it is, that though the elixir be
compounded of the simplest herbs, his frame only is prepared to receive
it who has gone through the subtlest trials. Nay, some, scared and
daunted into the most intolerable horror by the sights that burst upon
their eyes at the first draft, have found the potion less powerful to
save than the agony and travail of Nature to destroy. To the unprepared
the elixir is thus but the deadliest poison. Amidst the dwellers of
the threshold is ONE, too, surpassing in malignity and hatred all her
tribe,--one whose eyes have paralyzed the bravest, and whose power
increases over the spirit precisely in proportion to its fear. Does thy
courage falter?”

“Nay; thy words but kindle it.”

“Follow me, then, and submit to the initiatory labours.”

With that, Mejnour led him into the interior chamber, and proceeded
to explain to him certain chemical operations which, though extremely
simple in themselves, Glyndon soon perceived were capable of very
extraordinary results.

“In the remoter times,” said Mejnour, smiling, “our brotherhood were
often compelled to recur to delusions to protect realities; and, as
dexterous mechanicians or expert chemists, they obtained the name
of sorcerers. Observe how easy to construct is the Spectre Lion that
attended the renowned Leonardo da Vinci!”

And Glyndon beheld with delighted surprise the simple means by which the
wildest cheats of the imagination can be formed. The magical landscapes
in which Baptista Porta rejoiced; the apparent change of the seasons
with which Albertus Magnus startled the Earl of Holland; nay, even those
more dread delusions of the Ghost and Image with which the necromancers
of Heraclea woke the conscience of the conqueror of Plataea
(Pausanias,--see Plutarch.),--all these, as the showman enchants
some trembling children on a Christmas Eve with his lantern and
phantasmagoria, Mejnour exhibited to his pupil.


“And now laugh forever at magic! when these, the very tricks, the very
sports and frivolities of science, were the very acts which men viewed
with abhorrence, and inquisitors and kings rewarded with the rack and
the stake.”

“But the alchemist’s transmutation of metals--”

“Nature herself is a laboratory in which metals, and all elements, are
forever at change. Easy to make gold,--easier, more commodious, and
cheaper still, to make the pearl, the diamond, and the ruby. Oh, yes;
wise men found sorcery in this too; but they found no sorcery in the
discovery that by the simplest combination of things of every-day use
they could raise a devil that would sweep away thousands of their kind
by the breath of consuming fire. Discover what will destroy life, and
you are a great man!--what will prolong it, and you are an imposter!
Discover some invention in machinery that will make the rich more rich
and the poor more poor, and they will build you a statue! Discover some
mystery in art that will equalise physical disparities, and they will
pull down their own houses to stone you! Ha, ha, my pupil! such is
the world Zanoni still cares for!--you and I will leave this world to
itself. And now that you have seen some few of the effects of science,
begin to learn its grammar.”

Mejnour then set before his pupil certain tasks, in which the rest of
the night wore itself away.


     Great travell hath the gentle Calidore
     And toyle endured...
     There on a day,--He chaunst to spy a sort of shepheard groomes,
     Playing on pipes and caroling apace.
     ...He, there besyde
     Saw a faire damzell.
     --Spenser, “Faerie Queene,” cant. ix.

For a considerable period the pupil of Mejnour was now absorbed in
labour dependent on the most vigilant attention, on the most minute and
subtle calculation. Results astonishing and various rewarded his toils
and stimulated his interest. Nor were these studies limited to chemical
discovery,--in which it is permitted me to say that the greatest marvels
upon the organisation of physical life seemed wrought by experiments
of the vivifying influence of heat. Mejnour professed to find a
link between all intellectual beings in the existence of a certain
all-pervading and invisible fluid resembling electricity, yet distinct
from the known operations of that mysterious agency--a fluid that
connected thought to thought with the rapidity and precision of the
modern telegraph, and the influence of this fluid, according to Mejnour,
extended to the remotest past,--that is to say, whenever and wheresoever
man had thought. Thus, if the doctrine were true, all human knowledge
became attainable through a medium established between the brain of the
individual inquirer and all the farthest and obscurest regions in the
universe of ideas. Glyndon was surprised to find Mejnour attached to the
abstruse mysteries which the Pythagoreans ascribed to the occult science
of NUMBERS. In this last, new lights glimmered dimly on his eyes; and
he began to perceive that even the power to predict, or rather to
calculate, results, might by-- (Here there is an erasure in the MS.)


But he observed that the last brief process by which, in each of these
experiments, the wonder was achieved, Mejnour reserved for himself,
and refused to communicate the secret. The answer he obtained to his
remonstrances on this head was more stern than satisfactory:

“Dost thou think,” said Mejnour, “that I would give to the mere pupil,
whose qualities are not yet tried, powers that might change the face of
the social world? The last secrets are intrusted only to him of whose
virtue the Master is convinced. Patience! It is labour itself that is
the great purifier of the mind; and by degrees the secrets will grow
upon thyself as thy mind becomes riper to receive them.”

At last Mejnour professed himself satisfied with the progress made by
his pupil. “The hour now arrives,” he said, “when thou mayst pass the
great but airy barrier,--when thou mayst gradually confront the terrible
Dweller of the Threshold. Continue thy labours--continue to surpass
thine impatience for results until thou canst fathom the causes. I leave
thee for one month; if at the end of that period, when I return, the
tasks set thee are completed, and thy mind prepared by contemplation
and austere thought for the ordeal, I promise thee the ordeal shall
commence. One caution alone I give thee: regard it as a peremptory
command, enter not this chamber!” (They were then standing in the room
where their experiments had been chiefly made, and in which Glyndon, on
the night he had sought the solitude of the mystic, had nearly fallen a
victim to his intrusion.)

“Enter not this chamber till my return; or, above all, if by any search
for materials necessary to thy toils thou shouldst venture hither,
forbear to light the naphtha in those vessels, and to open the vases on
yonder shelves. I leave the key of the room in thy keeping, in order to
try thy abstinence and self-control. Young man, this very temptation is
a part of thy trial.”

With that, Mejnour placed the key in his hands; and at sunset he left
the castle.

For several days Glyndon continued immersed in employments which
strained to the utmost all the faculties of his intellect. Even the most
partial success depended so entirely on the abstraction of the mind, and
the minuteness of its calculations, that there was scarcely room for any
other thought than those absorbed in the occupation. And doubtless this
perpetual strain of the faculties was the object of Mejnour in works
that did not seem exactly pertinent to the purposes in view. As the
study of the elementary mathematics, for example, is not so profitable
in the solving of problems, useless in our after-callings, as it is
serviceable in training the intellect to the comprehension and analysis
of general truths.

But in less than half the time which Mejnour had stated for the duration
of his absence, all that the mystic had appointed to his toils was
completed by the pupil; and then his mind, thus relieved from the
drudgery and mechanism of employment, once more sought occupation in dim
conjecture and restless fancies. His inquisitive and rash nature grew
excited by the prohibition of Mejnour, and he found himself gazing
too often, with perturbed and daring curiosity, upon the key of the
forbidden chamber. He began to feel indignant at a trial of constancy
which he deemed frivolous and puerile. What nursery tales of Bluebeard
and his closet were revived to daunt and terrify him! How could the
mere walls of a chamber, in which he had so often securely pursued his
labours, start into living danger? If haunted, it could be but by those
delusions which Mejnour had taught him to despise,--a shadowy lion,--a
chemical phantasm! Tush! he lost half his awe of Mejnour, when he
thought that by such tricks the sage could practise upon the very
intellect he had awakened and instructed! Still he resisted the impulses
of his curiosity and his pride, and, to escape from their dictation, he
took long rambles on the hills, or amidst the valleys that surrounded
the castle,--seeking by bodily fatigue to subdue the unreposing mind.
One day suddenly emerging from a dark ravine, he came upon one of those
Italian scenes of rural festivity and mirth in which the classic age
appears to revive. It was a festival, partly agricultural, partly
religious, held yearly by the peasants of that district. Assembled
at the outskirts of a village, animated crowds, just returned from a
procession to a neighbouring chapel, were now forming themselves into
groups: the old to taste the vintage, the young to dance,--all to be
gay and happy. This sudden picture of easy joy and careless ignorance,
contrasting so forcibly with the intense studies and that parching
desire for wisdom which had so long made up his own life, and burned at
his own heart, sensibly affected Glyndon. As he stood aloof and gazing
on them, the young man felt once more that he was young. The memory of
all he had been content to sacrifice spoke to him like the sharp voice
of remorse. The flitting forms of the women in their picturesque attire,
their happy laughter ringing through the cool, still air of the autumn
noon, brought back to the heart, or rather perhaps to the senses, the
images of his past time, the “golden shepherd hours,” when to live was
but to enjoy.

He approached nearer and nearer to the scene, and suddenly a noisy
group swept round him; and Maestro Paolo, tapping him familiarly on the
shoulder, exclaimed in a hearty voice, “Welcome, Excellency!--we are
rejoiced to see you amongst us.” Glyndon was about to reply to this
salutation, when his eyes rested upon the face of a young girl leaning
on Paolo’s arm, of a beauty so attractive that his colour rose and his
heart beat as he encountered her gaze. Her eyes sparkled with a roguish
and petulant mirth, her parted lips showed teeth like pearls; as if
impatient at the pause of her companion from the revel of the rest,
her little foot beat the ground to a measure that she half-hummed,
half-chanted. Paolo laughed as he saw the effect the girl had produced
upon the young foreigner.

“Will you not dance, Excellency? Come, lay aside your greatness, and be
merry, like us poor devils. See how our pretty Fillide is longing for a
partner. Take compassion on her.”

Fillide pouted at this speech, and, disengaging her arm from Paolo’s,
turned away, but threw over her shoulder a glance half inviting, half
defying. Glyndon, almost involuntarily, advanced to her, and addressed

Oh, yes; he addresses her! She looks down, and smiles. Paolo leaves them
to themselves, sauntering off with a devil-me-carish air. Fillide speaks
now, and looks up at the scholar’s face with arch invitation. He shakes
his head; Fillide laughs, and her laugh is silvery. She points to a gay
mountaineer, who is tripping up to her merrily. Why does Glyndon feel
jealous? Why, when she speaks again, does he shake his head no more? He
offers his hand; Fillide blushes, and takes it with a demure coquetry.
What! is it so, indeed! They whirl into the noisy circle of the
revellers. Ha! ha! is not this better than distilling herbs, and
breaking thy brains on Pythagorean numbers? How lightly Fillide bounds
along! How her lithesome waist supples itself to thy circling arm!
Tara-ra-tara, ta-tara, rara-ra! What the devil is in the measure that
it makes the blood course like quicksilver through the veins? Was there
ever a pair of eyes like Fillide’s? Nothing of the cold stars there! Yet
how they twinkle and laugh at thee! And that rosy, pursed-up mouth that
will answer so sparingly to thy flatteries, as if words were a waste of
time, and kisses were their proper language. Oh, pupil of Mejnour! Oh,
would-be Rosicrucian, Platonist, Magian, I know not what! I am ashamed
of thee! What, in the names of Averroes and Burri and Agrippa and Hermes
have become of thy austere contemplations? Was it for this thou didst
resign Viola? I don’t think thou hast the smallest recollection of the
elixir or the Cabala. Take care! What are you about, sir? Why do you
clasp that small hand locked within your own? Why do you--Tara-rara
tara-ra tara-rara-ra, rarara, ta-ra, a-ra! Keep your eyes off those
slender ankles and that crimson bodice! Tara-rara-ra! There they go
again! And now they rest under the broad trees. The revel has whirled
away from them. They hear--or do they not hear--the laughter at the
distance? They see--or if they have their eyes about them, they SHOULD
see--couple after couple gliding by, love-talking and love-looking. But
I will lay a wager, as they sit under that tree, and the round sun goes
down behind the mountains, that they see or hear very little except

“Hollo, Signor Excellency! and how does your partner please you? Come
and join our feast, loiterers; one dances more merrily after wine.”

Down goes the round sun; up comes the autumn moon. Tara, tara, rarara,
rarara, tarara-ra! Dancing again; is it a dance, or some movement gayer,
noisier, wilder still? How they glance and gleam through the night
shadows, those flitting forms! What confusion!--what order! Ha, that is
the Tarantula dance; Maestro Paolo foots it bravely! Diavolo, what
fury! the Tarantula has stung them all. Dance or die; it is fury,--the
Corybantes, the Maenads, the--Ho, ho! more wine! the Sabbat of the
Witches at Benevento is a joke to this! From cloud to cloud wanders the
moon,--now shining, now lost. Dimness while the maiden blushes; light
when the maiden smiles.

“Fillide, thou art an enchantress!”

“Buona notte, Excellency; you will see me again!”

“Ah, young man,” said an old, decrepit, hollow-eyed octogenarian,
leaning on his staff, “make the best of your youth. I, too, once had
a Fillide! I was handsomer than you then! Alas! if we could be always

“Always young!” Glyndon started, as he turned his gaze from the fresh,
fair, rosy face of the girl, and saw the eyes dropping rheum, the yellow
wrinkled skin, the tottering frame of the old man.

“Ha, ha!” said the decrepit creature, hobbling near to him, and with a
malicious laugh. “Yet I, too, was young once! Give me a baioccho for a
glass of aqua vitae!”

Tara, rara, ra-rara, tara, rara-ra! There dances Youth! Wrap thy rags
round thee, and totter off, Old Age!


     Whilest Calidore does follow that faire mayd,
     Unmindful of his vow and high beheast
     Which by the Faerie Queene was on him layd.
     --Spenser, “Faerie Queene,” cant. x. s. 1.

It was that grey, indistinct, struggling interval between the night and
the dawn, when Clarence stood once more in his chamber. The abstruse
calculations lying on his table caught his eye, and filled him with a
sentiment of weariness and distaste. But--“Alas, if we could be
always young! Oh, thou horrid spectre of the old, rheum-eyed man!
What apparition can the mystic chamber shadow forth more ugly and more
hateful than thou? Oh, yes, if we could be always young! But not [thinks
the neophyte now]--not to labour forever at these crabbed figures and
these cold compounds of herbs and drugs. No; but to enjoy, to love, to
revel! What should be the companion of youth but pleasure? And the gift
of eternal youth may be mine this very hour! What means this prohibition
of Mejnour’s? Is it not of the same complexion as his ungenerous
reserve even in the minutest secrets of chemistry, or the numbers of
his Cabala?--compelling me to perform all the toils, and yet withholding
from me the knowledge of the crowning result? No doubt he will still,
on his return, show me that the great mystery CAN be attained; but will
still forbid ME to attain it. Is it not as if he desired to keep my
youth the slave to his age; to make me dependent solely on himself; to
bind me to a journeyman’s service by perpetual excitement to curiosity,
and the sight of the fruits he places beyond my lips?” These, and many
reflections still more repining, disturbed and irritated him. Heated
with wine--excited by the wild revels he had left--he was unable to
sleep. The image of that revolting Old Age which Time, unless defeated,
must bring upon himself, quickened the eagerness of his desire for the
dazzling and imperishable Youth he ascribed to Zanoni. The prohibition
only served to create a spirit of defiance. The reviving day, laughing
jocundly through his lattice, dispelled all the fears and superstitions
that belong to night. The mystic chamber presented to his imagination
nothing to differ from any other apartment in the castle. What foul or
malignant apparition could harm him in the light of that blessed sun!
It was the peculiar, and on the whole most unhappy, contradiction in
Glyndon’s nature, that while his reasonings led him to doubt,--and doubt
rendered him in MORAL conduct irresolute and unsteady; he was PHYSICALLY
brave to rashness. Nor is this uncommon: scepticism and presumption are
often twins. When a man of this character determines upon any action,
personal fear never deters him; and for the moral fear, any sophistry
suffices to self-will. Almost without analysing himself the mental
process by which his nerves hardened themselves and his limbs moved,
he traversed the corridor, gained Mejnour’s apartment, and opened the
forbidden door. All was as he had been accustomed to see it, save
that on a table in the centre of the room lay open a large volume. He
approached, and gazed on the characters on the page; they were in a
cipher, the study of which had made a part of his labours. With but
slight difficulty he imagined that he interpreted the meaning of the
first sentences, and that they ran thus:--

“To quaff the inner life, is to see the outer life: to live in defiance
of time, is to live in the whole. He who discovers the elixir discovers
what lies in space; for the spirit that vivifies the frame strengthens
the senses. There is attraction in the elementary principle of light.
In the lamps of Rosicrucius the fire is the pure elementary principle.
Kindle the lamps while thou openst the vessel that contains the elixir,
and the light attracts towards thee those beings whose life is that
light. Beware of Fear. Fear is the deadliest enemy to Knowledge.” Here
the ciphers changed their character, and became incomprehensible. But
had he not read enough? Did not the last sentence suffice?--“Beware of
Fear!” It was as if Mejnour had purposely left the page open,--as if the
trial was, in truth, the reverse of the one pretended; as if the mystic
had designed to make experiment of his COURAGE while affecting but that
of his FORBEARANCE. Not Boldness, but Fear, was the deadliest enemy
to Knowledge. He moved to the shelves on which the crystal vases were
placed; with an untrembling hand he took from one of them the stopper,
and a delicious odor suddenly diffused itself through the room. The air
sparkled as if with a diamond-dust. A sense of unearthly delight,--of an
existence that seemed all spirit, flashed through his whole frame; and
a faint, low, but exquisite music crept, thrilling, through the chamber.
At this moment he heard a voice in the corridor calling on his name;
and presently there was a knock at the door without. “Are you there,
signor?” said the clear tones of Maestro Paolo. Glyndon hastily reclosed
and replaced the vial, and bidding Paolo await him in his own apartment,
tarried till he heard the intruder’s steps depart; he then reluctantly
quitted the room. As he locked the door, he still heard the dying
strain of that fairy music; and with a light step and a joyous heart he
repaired to Paolo, inly resolving to visit again the chamber at an hour
when his experiment would be safe from interruption.

As he crossed his threshold, Paolo started back, and exclaimed, “Why,
Excellency! I scarcely recognise you! Amusement, I see, is a great
beautifier to the young. Yesterday you looked so pale and haggard; but
Fillide’s merry eyes have done more for you than the Philosopher’s
Stone (saints forgive me for naming it) ever did for the wizards.”
 And Glyndon, glancing at the old Venetian mirror as Paolo spoke, was
scarcely less startled than Paolo himself at the change in his own mien
and bearing. His form, before bent with thought, seemed to him taller by
half the head, so lithesome and erect rose his slender stature; his
eyes glowed, his cheeks bloomed with health and the innate and pervading
pleasure. If the mere fragrance of the elixir was thus potent, well
might the alchemists have ascribed life and youth to the draught!

“You must forgive me, Excellency, for disturbing you,” said Paolo,
producing a letter from his pouch; “but our Patron has just written to
me to say that he will be here to-morrow, and desired me to lose not a
moment in giving to yourself this billet, which he enclosed.”

“Who brought the letter?”

“A horseman, who did not wait for any reply.”

Glyndon opened the letter, and read as follows:--

“I return a week sooner than I had intended, and you will expect me
to-morrow. You will then enter on the ordeal you desire, but remember
that, in doing so, you must reduce Being as far as possible into Mind.
The senses must be mortified and subdued,--not the whisper of one
passion heard. Thou mayst be master of the Cabala and the Chemistry; but
thou must be master also over the Flesh and the Blood,--over Love
and Vanity, Ambition and Hate. I will trust to find thee so. Fast and
meditate till we meet!”

Glyndon crumpled the letter in his hand with a smile of disdain. What!
more drudgery,--more abstinence! Youth without love and pleasure! Ha,
ha! baffled Mejnour, thy pupil shall gain thy secrets without thine aid!

“And Fillide! I passed her cottage in my way,--she blushed and sighed
when I jested her about you, Excellency!”

“Well, Paolo! I thank thee for so charming an introduction. Thine must
be a rare life.”

“Ah, Excellency, while we are young, nothing like adventure,--except
love, wine, and laughter!”

“Very true. Farewell, Maestro Paolo; we will talk more with each other
in a few days.”

All that morning Glyndon was almost overpowered with the new sentiment
of happiness that had entered into him. He roamed into the woods, and
he felt a pleasure that resembled his earlier life of an artist, but a
pleasure yet more subtle and vivid, in the various colours of the
autumn foliage. Certainly Nature seemed to be brought closer to him; he
comprehended better all that Mejnour had often preached to him of the
mystery of sympathies and attractions. He was about to enter into the
same law as those mute children of the forests. He was to know THE
RENEWAL OF LIFE; the seasons that chilled to winter should yet bring
again the bloom and the mirth of spring. Man’s common existence is as
one year to the vegetable world: he has his spring, his summer, his
autumn, and winter,--but only ONCE. But the giant oaks round him go
through a revolving series of verdure and youth, and the green of the
centenarian is as vivid in the beams of May as that of the sapling by
its side. “Mine shall be your spring, but not your winter!” exclaimed
the aspirant.

Wrapped in these sanguine and joyous reveries, Glyndon, quitting the
woods, found himself amidst cultivated fields and vineyards to which his
footstep had not before wandered; and there stood, by the skirts of a
green lane that reminded him of verdant England, a modest house,--half
cottage, half farm. The door was open, and he saw a girl at work with
her distaff. She looked up, uttered a slight cry, and, tripping gayly
into the lane to his side, he recognised the dark-eyed Fillide.

“Hist!” she said, archly putting her finger to her lip; “do not speak
loud,--my mother is asleep within; and I knew you would come to see me.
It is kind!”

Glyndon, with a little embarrassment, accepted the compliment to his
kindness, which he did not exactly deserve. “You have thought, then, of
me, fair Fillide?”

“Yes,” answered the girl, colouring, but with that frank, bold
ingenuousness, which characterises the females of Italy, especially
of the lower class, and in the southern provinces,--“oh, yes! I have
thought of little else. Paolo said he knew you would visit me.”

“And what relation is Paolo to you?”

“None; but a good friend to us all. My brother is one of his band.”

“One of his band!--a robber?”

“We of the mountains do not call a mountaineer ‘a robber,’ signor.”

“I ask pardon. Do you not tremble sometimes for your brother’s life? The

“Law never ventures into these defiles. Tremble for him! No. My father
and grandsire were of the same calling. I often wish I were a man!”

“By these lips, I am enchanted that your wish cannot be realised.”

“Fie, signor! And do you really love me?”

“With my whole heart!”

“And I thee!” said the girl, with a candour that seemed innocent, as she
suffered him to clasp her hand.

“But,” she added, “thou wilt soon leave us; and I--” She stopped short,
and the tears stood in her eyes.

There was something dangerous in this, it must be confessed. Certainly
Fillide had not the seraphic loveliness of Viola; but hers was a beauty
that equally at least touched the senses. Perhaps Glyndon had never
really loved Viola; perhaps the feelings with which she had inspired
him were not of that ardent character which deserves the name of love.
However that be, he thought, as he gazed on those dark eyes, that he had
never loved before.

“And couldst thou not leave thy mountains?” he whispered, as he drew yet
nearer to her.

“Dost thou ask me?” she said, retreating, and looking him steadfastly
in the face. “Dost thou know what we daughters of the mountains are? You
gay, smooth cavaliers of cities seldom mean what you speak. With you,
love is amusement; with us, it is life. Leave these mountains! Well! I
should not leave my nature.”

“Keep thy nature ever,--it is a sweet one.”

“Yes, sweet while thou art true; stern, if thou art faithless. Shall I
tell thee what I--what the girls of this country are? Daughters of men
whom you call robbers, we aspire to be the companions of our lovers or
our husbands. We love ardently; we own it boldly. We stand by your side
in danger; we serve you as slaves in safety: we never change, and we
resent change. You may reproach, strike us, trample us as a dog,--we
bear all without a murmur; betray us, and no tiger is more relentless.
Be true, and our hearts reward you; be false, and our hands revenge!
Dost thou love me now?”

During this speech the Italian’s countenance had most eloquently aided
her words,--by turns soft, frank, fierce,--and at the last question she
inclined her head humbly, and stood, as in fear of his reply, before
him. The stern, brave, wild spirit, in which what seemed unfeminine
was yet, if I may so say, still womanly, did not recoil, it rather
captivated Glyndon. He answered readily, briefly, and freely,

Oh, “yes!” forsooth, Clarence Glyndon! Every light nature answers “yes”
 lightly to such a question from lips so rosy! Have a care,--have a care!
Why the deuce, Mejnour, do you leave your pupil of four-and-twenty to
the mercy of these wild cats-a-mountain! Preach fast, and abstinence,
and sublime renunciation of the cheats of the senses! Very well in
you, sir, Heaven knows how many ages old; but at four-and-twenty, your
Hierophant would have kept you out of Fillide’s way, or you would have
had small taste for the Cabala.

And so they stood, and talked, and vowed, and whispered, till the girl’s
mother made some noise within the house, and Fillide bounded back to the
distaff, her finger once more on her lip.

“There is more magic in Fillide than in Mejnour,” said Glyndon to
himself, walking gayly home; “yet on second thoughts, I know not if I
quite so well like a character so ready for revenge. But he who has the
real secret can baffle even the vengeance of a woman, and disarm all

Sirrah! dost thou even already meditate the possibility of treason?
Oh, well said Zanoni, “to pour pure water into the muddy well does but
disturb the mud.”


     Cernis, custodia qualis
     Vestibulo sedeat? facies quae limina servet?
     “Aeneid,” lib. vi. 574.

     (See you what porter sits within the vestibule?--what face
     watches at the threshold?)

And it is profound night. All is at rest within the old castle,--all is
breathless under the melancholy stars. Now is the time. Mejnour with his
austere wisdom,--Mejnour the enemy to love; Mejnour, whose eye will read
thy heart, and refuse thee the promised secrets because the sunny face
of Fillide disturbs the lifeless shadow that he calls repose,--Mejnour
comes to-morrow! Seize the night! Beware of fear! Never, or this hour!
So, brave youth,--brave despite all thy errors,--so, with a steady
pulse, thy hand unlocks once more the forbidden door.

He placed his lamp on the table beside the book, which still lay there
opened; he turned over the leaves, but could not decipher their meaning
till he came to the following passage:--

“When, then, the pupil is thus initiated and prepared, let him open the
casement, light the lamps, and bathe his temples with the elixir. He
must beware how he presume yet to quaff the volatile and fiery spirit.
To taste till repeated inhalations have accustomed the frame gradually
to the ecstatic liquid, is to know not life, but death.”

He could penetrate no farther into the instructions; the cipher again
changed. He now looked steadily and earnestly round the chamber. The
moonlight came quietly through the lattice as his hand opened it,
and seemed, as it rested on the floor, and filled the walls, like the
presence of some ghostly and mournful Power. He ranged the mystic lamps
(nine in number) round the centre of the room, and lighted them one by
one. A flame of silvery and azure tints sprung up from each, and lighted
the apartment with a calm and yet most dazzling splendour; but presently
this light grew more soft and dim, as a thin, grey cloud, like a mist,
gradually spread over the room; and an icy thrill shot through the heart
of the Englishman, and quickly gathered over him like the coldness
of death. Instinctively aware of his danger, he tottered, though with
difficulty, for his limbs seemed rigid and stone-like, to the shelf that
contained the crystal vials; hastily he inhaled the spirit, and laved
his temples with the sparkling liquid. The same sensation of vigour
and youth, and joy and airy lightness, that he had felt in the morning,
instantaneously replaced the deadly numbness that just before had
invaded the citadel of life. He stood, with his arms folded on his bosom
erect and dauntless, to watch what should ensue.

The vapour had now assumed almost the thickness and seeming consistency
of a snow-cloud; the lamps piercing it like stars. And now he distinctly
saw shapes, somewhat resembling in outline those of the human form,
gliding slowly and with regular evolutions through the cloud. They
appeared bloodless; their bodies were transparent, and contracted or
expanded like the folds of a serpent. As they moved in majestic order,
he heard a low sound--the ghost, as it were, of voice--which each caught
and echoed from the other; a low sound, but musical, which seemed the
chant of some unspeakably tranquil joy. None of these apparitions heeded
him. His intense longing to accost them, to be of them, to make one of
this movement of aerial happiness,--for such it seemed to him,--made him
stretch forth his arms and seek to cry aloud, but only an inarticulate
whisper passed his lips; and the movement and the music went on the same
as if the mortal were not there. Slowly they glided round and aloft,
till, in the same majestic order, one after one, they floated through
the casement and were lost in the moonlight; then, as his eyes followed
them, the casement became darkened with some object undistinguishable at
the first gaze, but which sufficed mysteriously to change into ineffable
horror the delight he had before experienced. By degrees this object
shaped itself to his sight. It was as that of a human head covered with
a dark veil through which glared, with livid and demoniac fire, eyes
that froze the marrow of his bones. Nothing else of the face was
distinguishable,--nothing but those intolerable eyes; but his terror,
that even at the first seemed beyond nature to endure, was increased a
thousand-fold, when, after a pause, the phantom glided slowly into the

The cloud retreated from it as it advanced; the bright lamps grew wan,
and flickered restlessly as at the breath of its presence. Its form was
veiled as the face, but the outline was that of a female; yet it moved
not as move even the ghosts that simulate the living. It seemed rather
to crawl as some vast misshapen reptile; and pausing, at length it
cowered beside the table which held the mystic volume, and again fixed
its eyes through the filmy veil on the rash invoker. All fancies, the
most grotesque, of monk or painter in the early North, would have failed
to give to the visage of imp or fiend that aspect of deadly malignity
which spoke to the shuddering nature in those eyes alone. All else
so dark,--shrouded, veiled and larva-like. But that burning glare so
intense, so livid, yet so living, had in it something that was almost
HUMAN in its passion of hate and mockery,--something that served to
show that the shadowy Horror was not all a spirit, but partook of
matter enough, at least, to make it more deadly and fearful an enemy to
material forms. As, clinging with the grasp of agony to the wall,--his
hair erect, his eyeballs starting, he still gazed back upon that
appalling gaze,--the Image spoke to him: his soul rather than his ear
comprehended the words it said.

“Thou hast entered the immeasurable region. I am the Dweller of the
Threshold. What wouldst thou with me? Silent? Dost thou fear me? Am
I not thy beloved? Is it not for me that thou hast rendered up the
delights of thy race? Wouldst thou be wise? Mine is the wisdom of the
countless ages. Kiss me, my mortal lover.” And the Horror crawled near
and nearer to him; it crept to his side, its breath breathed upon his
cheek! With a sharp cry he fell to the earth insensible, and knew no
more till, far in the noon of the next day, he opened his eyes and found
himself in his bed,--the glorious sun streaming through his lattice,
and the bandit Paolo by his side, engaged in polishing his carbine, and
whistling a Calabrian love-air.


     Thus man pursues his weary calling,
     And wrings the hard life from the sky,
     While happiness unseen is falling
     Down from God’s bosom silently.

In one of those islands whose history the imperishable literature and
renown of Athens yet invest with melancholy interest, and on which
Nature, in whom “there is nothing melancholy,” still bestows a glory of
scenery and climate equally radiant for the freeman or the
slave,--the Ionian, the Venetian, the Gaul, the Turk, or the restless
Briton,--Zanoni had fixed his bridal home. There the air carries with it
the perfumes of the plains for miles along the blue, translucent deep.
(See Dr. Holland’s “Travels to the Ionian Isles,” etc., page 18.) Seen
from one of its green sloping heights, the island he had selected seemed
one delicious garden. The towers and turrets of its capital gleaming
amidst groves of oranges and lemons; vineyards and olive-woods filling
up the valleys, and clambering along the hill-sides; and villa, farm,
and cottage covered with luxuriant trellises of dark-green leaves and
purple fruit. For there the prodigal beauty yet seems half to justify
those graceful superstitions of a creed that, too enamoured of earth,
rather brought the deities to man, than raised the man to their less
alluring and less voluptuous Olympus.

And still to the fishermen, weaving yet their antique dances on the
sand; to the maiden, adorning yet, with many a silver fibula, her glossy
tresses under the tree that overshadows her tranquil cot,--the same
Great Mother that watched over the wise of Samos, the democracy of
Corcyra, the graceful and deep-taught loveliness of Miletus, smiles
as graciously as of yore. For the North, philosophy and freedom are
essentials to human happiness; in the lands which Aphrodite rose from
the waves to govern, as the Seasons, hand in hand, stood to welcome her
on the shores, Nature is all sufficient. (Homeric Hymn.)

The isle which Zanoni had selected was one of the loveliest in that
divine sea. His abode, at some distance from the city, but near one of
the creeks on the shore, belonged to a Venetian, and, though small, had
more of elegance than the natives ordinarily cared for. On the seas, and
in sight, rode his vessel. His Indians, as before, ministered in
mute gravity to the service of the household. No spot could be more
beautiful,--no solitude less invaded. To the mysterious knowledge of
Zanoni, to the harmless ignorance of Viola, the babbling and garish
world of civilised man was alike unheeded. The loving sky and the lovely
earth are companions enough to Wisdom and to Ignorance while they love.

Although, as I have before said, there was nothing in the visible
occupations of Zanoni that betrayed a cultivator of the occult sciences,
his habits were those of a man who remembers or reflects. He loved
to roam alone, chiefly at dawn, or at night, when the moon was clear
(especially in each month, at its rise and full), miles and miles away
over the rich inlands of the island, and to cull herbs and flowers,
which he hoarded with jealous care. Sometimes, at the dead of night,
Viola would wake by an instinct that told her he was not by her side,
and, stretching out her arms, find that the instinct had not deceived
her. But she early saw that he was reserved on his peculiar habits; and
if at times a chill, a foreboding, a suspicious awe crept over her, she
forebore to question him.

But his rambles were not always unaccompanied,--he took pleasure in
excursions less solitary. Often, when the sea lay before them like
a lake, the barren dreariness of the opposite coast of Cephallenia
contrasting the smiling shores on which they dwelt, Viola and himself
would pass days in cruising slowly around the coast, or in visits to
the neighbouring isles. Every spot of the Greek soil, “that fair
Fable-Land,” seemed to him familiar; and as he conversed of the past and
its exquisite traditions, he taught Viola to love the race from which
have descended the poetry and the wisdom of the world. There was much in
Zanoni, as she knew him better, that deepened the fascination in which
Viola was from the first enthralled. His love for herself was so tender,
so vigilant, and had that best and most enduring attribute, that it
seemed rather grateful for the happiness in its own cares than vain of
the happiness it created. His habitual mood with all who approached him
was calm and gentle, almost to apathy. An angry word never passed his
lips,--an angry gleam never shot from his eyes. Once they had been
exposed to the danger not uncommon in those then half-savage lands. Some
pirates who infested the neighbouring coasts had heard of the arrival
of the strangers, and the seamen Zanoni employed had gossiped of their
master’s wealth. One night, after Viola had retired to rest, she was
awakened by a slight noise below. Zanoni was not by her side; she
listened in some alarm. Was that a groan that came upon her ear? She
started up, she went to the door; all was still. A footstep now slowly
approached, and Zanoni entered calm as usual, and seemed unconscious of
her fears.

The next morning three men were found dead at the threshold of the
principal entrance, the door of which had been forced. They were
recognised in the neighbourhood as the most sanguinary and terrible
marauders of the coasts,--men stained with a thousand murders, and who
had never hitherto failed in any attempt to which the lust of rapine
had impelled them. The footsteps of many others were tracked to the
seashore. It seemed that their accomplices must have fled on the death
of their leaders. But when the Venetian Proveditore, or authority, of
the island, came to examine into the matter, the most unaccountable
mystery was the manner in which these ruffians had met their fate.
Zanoni had not stirred from the apartment in which he ordinarily pursued
his chemical studies. None of the servants had even been disturbed from
their slumbers. No marks of human violence were on the bodies of the
dead. They died, and made no sign. From that moment Zanoni’s house--nay,
the whole vicinity--was sacred. The neighbouring villages, rejoiced
to be delivered from a scourge, regarded the stranger as one whom the
Pagiana (or Virgin) held under her especial protection.

In truth, the lively Greeks around, facile to all external impressions,
and struck with the singular and majestic beauty of the man who knew
their language as a native, whose voice often cheered them in their
humble sorrows, and whose hand was never closed to their wants,
long after he had left their shore preserved his memory by grateful
traditions, and still point to the lofty platanus beneath which they had
often seen him seated, alone and thoughtful, in the heats of noon. But
Zanoni had haunts less open to the gaze than the shade of the platanus.
In that isle there are the bituminous springs which Herodotus has
commemorated. Often at night, the moon, at least, beheld him emerging
from the myrtle and cystus that clothe the hillocks around the marsh
that imbeds the pools containing the inflammable materia, all the
medical uses of which, as applied to the nerves of organic life, modern
science has not yet perhaps explored. Yet more often would he pass
his hours in a cavern, by the loneliest part of the beach, where the
stalactites seem almost arranged by the hand of art, and which the
superstition of the peasants associates, in some ancient legends, with
the numerous and almost incessant earthquakes to which the island is so
singularly subjected.

Whatever the pursuits that instigated these wanderings and favoured
these haunts, either they were linked with, or else subordinate to, one
main and master desire, which every fresh day passed in the sweet human
company of Viola confirmed and strengthened.

The scene that Glyndon had witnessed in his trance was faithful to
truth. And some little time after the date of that night, Viola
was dimly aware that an influence, she knew not of what nature, was
struggling to establish itself over her happy life. Visions indistinct
and beautiful, such as those she had known in her earlier days, but more
constant and impressive, began to haunt her night and day when Zanoni
was absent, to fade in his presence, and seem less fair than THAT.
Zanoni questioned her eagerly and minutely of these visitations, but
seemed dissatisfied, and at times perplexed, by her answers.

“Tell me not,” he said, one day, “of those unconnected images, those
evolutions of starry shapes in a choral dance, or those delicious
melodies that seem to thee of the music and the language of the distant
spheres. Has no ONE shape been to thee more distinct and more beautiful
than the rest,--no voice uttering, or seeming to utter, thine own
tongue, and whispering to thee of strange secrets and solemn knowledge?”

“No; all is confused in these dreams, whether of day or night; and when
at the sound of thy footsteps I recover, my memory retains nothing but
a vague impression of happiness. How different--how cold--to the rapture
of hanging on thy smile, and listening to thy voice, when it says, ‘I
love thee!’”

“Yet, how is it that visions less fair than these once seemed to thee
so alluring? How is it that they then stirred thy fancies and filled
thy heart? Once thou didst desire a fairy-land, and now thou seemest so
contented with common life.”

“Have I not explained it to thee before? Is it common life, then, to
love, and to live with the one we love? My true fairy-land is won! Speak
to me of no other.”

And so night surprised them by the lonely beach; and Zanoni, allured
from his sublimer projects, and bending over that tender face, forgot
that, in the Harmonious Infinite which spread around, there were other
worlds than that one human heart.


     There is a principle of the soul, superior to all nature, through
     which we are capable of surpassing the order and systems of the
     world.  When the soul is elevated to natures better than itself,
     THEN it is entirely separated from subordinate natures, exchanges
     this for another life, and, deserting the order of things with
     which it was connected, links and mingles itself with another.

“Adon-Ai! Adon-Ai!--appear, appear!”

And in the lonely cave, whence once had gone forth the oracles of
a heathen god, there emerged from the shadows of fantastic rocks a
luminous and gigantic column, glittering and shifting. It resembled the
shining but misty spray which, seen afar off, a fountain seems to send
up on a starry night. The radiance lit the stalactites, the crags,
the arches of the cave, and shed a pale and tremulous splendour on the
features of Zanoni.

“Son of Eternal Light,” said the invoker, “thou to whose knowledge,
grade after grade, race after race, I attained at last, on the
broad Chaldean plains; thou from whom I have drawn so largely of the
unutterable knowledge that yet eternity alone can suffice to drain; thou
who, congenial with myself, so far as our various beings will permit,
hast been for centuries my familiar and my friend,--answer me and

From the column there emerged a shape of unimaginable glory. Its
face was that of a man in its first youth, but solemn, as with the
consciousness of eternity and the tranquillity of wisdom; light, like
starbeams, flowed through its transparent veins; light made its limbs
themselves, and undulated, in restless sparkles, through the waves of
its dazzling hair. With its arms folded on its breast, it stood distant
a few feet from Zanoni, and its low voice murmured gently, “My counsels
were sweet to thee once; and once, night after night, thy soul could
follow my wings through the untroubled splendours of the Infinite. Now
thou hast bound thyself back to the earth by its strongest chains, and
the attraction to the clay is more potent than the sympathies that drew
to thy charms the Dweller of the Starbeam and the Air. When last thy
soul hearkened to me, the senses already troubled thine intellect and
obscured thy vision. Once again I come to thee; but thy power even to
summon me to thy side is fading from thy spirit, as sunshine fades from
the wave when the winds drive the cloud between the ocean and the sky.”

“Alas, Adon-Ai!” answered the seer, mournfully, “I know too well the
conditions of the being which thy presence was wont to rejoice. I know
that our wisdom comes but from the indifference to the things of the
world which the wisdom masters. The mirror of the soul cannot reflect
both earth and heaven; and the one vanishes from the surface as the
other is glassed upon its deeps. But it is not to restore me to that
sublime abstraction in which the intellect, free and disembodied, rises,
region after region, to the spheres,--that once again, and with the
agony and travail of enfeebled power I have called thee to mine aid. I
love; and in love I begin to live in the sweet humanities of another. If
wise, yet in all which makes danger powerless against myself, or those
on whom I can gaze from the calm height of indifferent science, I am
blind as the merest mortal to the destinies of the creature that makes
my heart beat with the passions which obscure my gaze.”

“What matter!” answered Adon-Ai. “Thy love must be but a mockery of the
name; thou canst not love as they do for whom there are death and the
grave. A short time,--like a day in thy incalculable life,--and the form
thou dotest on is dust! Others of the nether world go hand in hand, each
with each, unto the tomb; hand in hand they ascend from the worm to new
cycles of existence. For thee, below are ages; for her, but hours. And
for her and thee--O poor, but mighty one!--will there be even a joint
hereafter! Through what grades and heavens of spiritualised being will
her soul have passed when thou, the solitary loiterer, comest from the
vapours of the earth to the gates of light!”

“Son of the Starbeam, thinkest thou that this thought is not with me
forever; and seest thou not that I have invoked thee to hearken and
minister to my design? Readest thou not my desire and dream to raise the
conditions of her being to my own? Thou, Adon-Ai, bathing the celestial
joy that makes thy life in the oceans of eternal splendour,--thou,
save by the sympathies of knowledge, canst conjecture not what I,
the offspring of mortals, feel--debarred yet from the objects of the
tremendous and sublime ambition that first winged my desires above the
clay--when I see myself compelled to stand in this low world alone. I
have sought amongst my tribe for comrades, and in vain. At last I have
found a mate. The wild bird and the wild beast have theirs; and my
mastery over the malignant tribes of terror can banish their larvae from
the path that shall lead her upward, till the air of eternity fits the
frame for the elixir that baffles death.”

“And thou hast begun the initiation, and thou art foiled! I know it.
Thou hast conjured to her sleep the fairest visions; thou hast invoked
the loveliest children of the air to murmur their music to her trance,
and her soul heeds them not, and, returning to the earth, escapes from
their control. Blind one, wherefore? canst thou not perceive? Because
in her soul all is love. There is no intermediate passion with which the
things thou wouldst charm to her have association and affinities. Their
attraction is but to the desires and cravings of the INTELLECT. What
have they with the PASSION that is of earth, and the HOPE that goes
direct to heaven?”

“But can there be no medium--no link--in which our souls, as our hearts,
can be united, and so mine may have influence over her own?”

“Ask me not,--thou wilt not comprehend me!”

“I adjure thee!--speak!”

“When two souls are divided, knowest thou not that a third in which both
meet and live is the link between them!”

“I do comprehend thee, Adon-Ai,” said Zanoni, with a light of more human
joy upon his face than it had ever before been seen to wear; “and if my
destiny, which here is dark to mine eyes, vouchsafes to me the happy lot
of the humble,--if ever there be a child that I may clasp to my bosom
and call my own--”

“And is it to be man at last, that thou hast aspired to be more than

“But a child,--a second Viola!” murmured Zanoni, scarcely heeding the
Son of Light; “a young soul fresh from heaven, that I may rear from the
first moment it touches earth,--whose wings I may train to follow mine
through the glories of creation; and through whom the mother herself may
be led upward over the realm of death!”

“Beware,--reflect! Knowest thou not that thy darkest enemy dwells in the
Real? Thy wishes bring thee near and nearer to humanity.”

“Ah, humanity is sweet!” answered Zanoni.

And as the seer spoke, on the glorious face of Adon-Ai there broke a


     Aeterna aeternus tribuit, mortalia confert
     Mortalis; divina Deus, peritura caducus.
     “Aurel. Prud. contra Symmachum,” lib. ii.

     (The Eternal gives eternal things, the Mortal gathers mortal
     things:  God, that which is divine, and the perishable that which
     is perishable.)


Letter 1.

Thou hast not informed me of the progress of thy pupil; and I fear that
so differently does circumstance shape the minds of the generations to
which we are descended, from the intense and earnest children of the
earlier world, that even thy most careful and elaborate guidance would
fail, with loftier and purer natures than that of the neophyte thou hast
admitted within thy gates. Even that third state of being, which the
Indian sage (The Brahmins, speaking of Brahm, say, “To the Omniscient
the three modes of being--sleep, waking, and trance--are not;”
 distinctly recognising trance as a third and coequal condition of
being.) rightly recognises as being between the sleep and the waking,
and describes imperfectly by the name of TRANCE, is unknown to the
children of the Northern world; and few but would recoil to indulge it,
regarding its peopled calm as maya and delusion of the mind. Instead of
ripening and culturing that airy soil, from which Nature, duly known,
can evoke fruits so rich and flowers so fair, they strive but to exclude
it from their gaze; they esteem that struggle of the intellect from
men’s narrow world to the spirit’s infinite home, as a disease which the
leech must extirpate with pharmacy and drugs, and know not even that it
is from this condition of their being, in its most imperfect and infant
form, that poetry, music, art--all that belong to an Idea of Beauty
to which neither SLEEPING nor WAKING can furnish archetype and actual
semblance--take their immortal birth. When we, O Mejnour in the far
time, were ourselves the neophytes and aspirants, we were of a class
to which the actual world was shut and barred. Our forefathers had no
object in life but knowledge. From the cradle we were predestined and
reared to wisdom as to a priesthood. We commenced research where modern
Conjecture closes its faithless wings. And with us, those were common
elements of science which the sages of to-day disdain as wild
chimeras, or despair of as unfathomable mysteries. Even the fundamental
principles, the large yet simple theories of electricity and magnetism,
rest obscure and dim in the disputes of their blinded schools; yet,
even in our youth, how few ever attained to the first circle of the
brotherhood, and, after wearily enjoying the sublime privileges they
sought, they voluntarily abandoned the light of the sun, and sunk,
without effort, to the grave, like pilgrims in a trackless desert,
overawed by the stillness of their solitude, and appalled by the absence
of a goal. Thou, in whom nothing seems to live BUT THE DESIRE TO KNOW;
thou, who, indifferent whether it leads to weal or to woe, lendest
thyself to all who would tread the path of mysterious science, a human
book, insensate to the precepts it enounces,--thou hast ever sought,
and often made additions to our number. But to these have only been
vouchsafed partial secrets; vanity and passion unfitted them for the
rest; and now, without other interest than that of an experiment in
science, without love, and without pity, thou exposest this new soul
to the hazards of the tremendous ordeal! Thou thinkest that a zeal
so inquisitive, a courage so absolute and dauntless, may suffice to
conquer, where austerer intellect and purer virtue have so often failed.
Thou thinkest, too, that the germ of art that lies in the painter’s
mind, as it comprehends in itself the entire embryo of power and beauty,
may be expanded into the stately flower of the Golden Science. It is a
new experiment to thee. Be gentle with thy neophyte, and if his nature
disappoint thee in the first stages of the process, dismiss him back to
the Real while it is yet time to enjoy the brief and outward life which
dwells in the senses, and closes with the tomb. And as I thus admonish
thee, O Mejnour, wilt thou smile at my inconsistent hopes? I, who have
so invariably refused to initiate others into our mysteries,--I begin at
last to comprehend why the great law, which binds man to his kind, even
when seeking most to set himself aloof from their condition, has made
thy cold and bloodless science the link between thyself and thy race;
why, THOU has sought converts and pupils; why, in seeing life after life
voluntarily dropping from our starry order, thou still aspirest to
renew the vanished, and repair the lost; why, amidst thy calculations,
restless and unceasing as the wheels of Nature herself, thou recoilest
from the THOUGHT TO BE ALONE! So with myself; at last I, too, seek a
convert, an equal,--I, too, shudder to be alone! What thou hast warned
me of has come to pass. Love reduces all things to itself. Either must I
be drawn down to the nature of the beloved, or hers must be lifted to
my own. As whatever belongs to true Art has always necessarily had
attraction for US, whose very being is in the ideal whence Art descends,
so in this fair creature I have learned, at last, the secret that bound
me to her at the first glance. The daughter of music,--music, passing
into her being, became poetry. It was not the stage that attracted her,
with its hollow falsehoods; it was the land in her own fancy which
the stage seemed to centre and represent. There the poetry found a
voice,--there it struggled into imperfect shape; and then (that land
insufficient for it) it fell back upon itself. It coloured her thoughts,
it suffused her soul; it asked not words, it created not things; it gave
birth but to emotions, and lavished itself on dreams. At last came love;
and there, as a river into the sea, it poured its restless waves, to
become mute and deep and still,--the everlasting mirror of the heavens.

And is it not through this poetry which lies within her that she may
be led into the large poetry of the universe! Often I listen to her
careless talk, and find oracles in its unconscious beauty, as we find
strange virtues in some lonely flower. I see her mind ripening under my
eyes; and in its fair fertility what ever-teeming novelties of thought!
O Mejnour! how many of our tribe have unravelled the laws of the
universe,--have solved the riddles of the exterior nature, and deduced
the light from darkness! And is not the POET, who studies nothing but
the human heart, a greater philosopher than all? Knowledge and atheism
are incompatible. To know Nature is to know that there must be a God.
But does it require this to examine the method and architecture of
creation? Methinks, when I look upon a pure mind, however ignorant and
childlike, that I see the August and Immaterial One more clearly than in
all the orbs of matter which career at His bidding through space.

Rightly is it the fundamental decree of our order, that we must impart
our secrets only to the pure. The most terrible part of the ordeal is
in the temptations that our power affords to the criminal. If it were
possible that a malevolent being could attain to our faculties, what
disorder it might introduce into the globe! Happy that it is NOT
possible; the malevolence would disarm the power. It is in the purity of
Viola that I rely, as thou more vainly hast relied on the courage or the
genius of thy pupils. Bear me witness, Mejnour! Never since the distant
day in which I pierced the Arcana of our knowledge, have I ever sought
to make its mysteries subservient to unworthy objects; though, alas! the
extension of our existence robs us of a country and a home; though the
law that places all science, as all art, in the abstraction from the
noisy passions and turbulent ambition of actual life, forbids us to
influence the destinies of nations, for which Heaven selects ruder and
blinder agencies; yet, wherever have been my wanderings, I have sought
to soften distress, and to convert from sin. My power has been hostile
only to the guilty; and yet with all our lore, how in each step we are
reduced to be but the permitted instruments of the Power that vouchsafes
our own, but only to direct it. How all our wisdom shrinks into nought,
compared with that which gives the meanest herb its virtues, and peoples
the smallest globule with its appropriate world. And while we are
allowed at times to influence the happiness of others, how mysteriously
the shadows thicken round our own future doom! We cannot be prophets
to ourselves! With what trembling hope I nurse the thought that I may
preserve to my solitude the light of a living smile!


Extracts from Letter II.

Deeming myself not pure enough to initiate so pure a heart, I invoke to
her trance those fairest and most tender inhabitants of space that have
furnished to poetry, which is the instinctive guess into creation, the
ideas of the Glendoveer and Sylph. And these were less pure than her own
thoughts, and less tender than her own love! They could not raise her
above her human heart, for THAT has a heaven of its own.


I have just looked on her in sleep,--I have heard her breathe my name.
Alas! that which is so sweet to others has its bitterness to me; for
I think how soon the time may come when that sleep will be without a
dream,--when the heart that dictates the name will be cold, and the
lips that utter it be dumb. What a twofold shape there is in love! If we
examine it coarsely,--if we look but on its fleshy ties, its enjoyments
of a moment, its turbulent fever and its dull reaction,--how strange it
seems that this passion should be the supreme mover of the world; that
it is this which has dictated the greatest sacrifices, and influenced
all societies and all times; that to this the loftiest and loveliest
genius has ever consecrated its devotion; that, but for love, there
were no civilisation, no music, no poetry, no beauty, no life beyond the

But examine it in its heavenlier shape,--in its utter abnegation of
self; in its intimate connection with all that is most delicate and
subtle in the spirit,--its power above all that is sordid in existence;
its mastery over the idols of the baser worship; its ability to create
a palace of the cottage, an oasis in the desert, a summer in the
Iceland,--where it breathes, and fertilises, and glows; and the wonder
rather becomes how so few regard it in its holiest nature. What the
sensual call its enjoyments, are the least of its joys. True love is
less a passion than a symbol. Mejnour, shall the time come when I can
speak to thee of Viola as a thing that was?


Extract from Letter III.

Knowest thou that of late I have sometimes asked myself, “Is there no
guilt in the knowledge that has so divided us from our race?” It is true
that the higher we ascend the more hateful seem to us the vices of the
short-lived creepers of the earth,--the more the sense of the goodness
of the All-good penetrates and suffuses us, and the more immediately
does our happiness seem to emanate from him. But, on the other hand, how
many virtues must lie dead in those who live in the world of death, and
refuse to die! Is not this sublime egotism, this state of abstraction
and reverie,--this self-wrapped and self-dependent majesty of existence,
a resignation of that nobility which incorporates our own welfare, our
joys, our hopes, our fears with others? To live on in no dread of foes,
undegraded by infirmity, secure through the cares, and free from the
disease of flesh, is a spectacle that captivates our pride. And yet dost
thou not more admire him who dies for another? Since I have loved her,
Mejnour, it seems almost cowardice to elude the grave which devours the
hearts that wrap us in their folds. I feel it,--the earth grows upon
my spirit. Thou wert right; eternal age, serene and passionless, is a
happier boon than eternal youth, with its yearnings and desires. Until
we can be all spirit, the tranquillity of solitude must be indifference.


Extracts from Letter IV.

I have received thy communication. What! is it so? Has thy pupil
disappointed thee? Alas, poor pupil! But--


(Here follow comments on those passages in Glyndon’s life already known
to the reader, or about to be made so, with earnest adjurations to
Mejnour to watch yet over the fate of his scholar.)


But I cherish the same desire, with a warmer heart. My pupil! how the
terrors that shall encompass thine ordeal warn me from the task! Once
more I will seek the Son of Light.


Yes; Adon-Ai, long deaf to my call, at last has descended to my vision,
and left behind him the glory of his presence in the shape of Hope. Oh,
not impossible, Viola,--not impossible, that we yet may be united, soul
with soul!

Extract from Letter V.--(Many months after the last.)

Mejnour, awake from thine apathy,--rejoice! A new soul will be born to
the world,--a new soul that shall call me father. Ah, if they for whom
exist all the occupations and resources of human life,--if they can
thrill with exquisite emotion at the thought of hailing again their own
childhood in the faces of their children; if in that birth they are born
once more into the holy Innocence which is the first state of existence;
if they can feel that on man devolves almost an angel’s duty, when
he has a life to guide from the cradle, and a soul to nurture for the
heaven,--what to me must be the rapture to welcome an inheritor of all
the gifts which double themselves in being shared! How sweet the power
to watch, and to guard,--to instil the knowledge, to avert the evil,
and to guide back the river of life in a richer and broader and deeper
stream to the paradise from which it flows! And beside that river our
souls shall meet, sweet mother. Our child shall supply the sympathy that
fails as yet; and what shape shall haunt thee, what terror shall dismay,
when thy initiation is beside the cradle of thy child!


     They thus beguile the way
     Untill the blustring storme is overblowne,
     When weening to returne whence they did stray,
     They cannot finde that path which first was showne,
     But wander to and fro in waies unknowne.
     --Spenser’s “Faerie Queene,” book i. canto i. st. x.

Yes, Viola, thou art another being than when, by the threshold of thy
Italian home, thou didst follow thy dim fancies through the Land of
Shadow; or when thou didst vainly seek to give voice to an ideal beauty,
on the boards where illusion counterfeits earth and heaven for an
hour, till the weary sense, awaking, sees but the tinsel and the
scene-shifter. Thy spirit reposes in its own happiness. Its wanderings
have found a goal. In a moment there often dwells the sense of eternity;
for when profoundly happy, we know that it is impossible to die.
Whenever the soul FEELS ITSELF, it feels everlasting life.

The initiation is deferred,--thy days and nights are left to no other
visions than those with which a contented heart enchants a guileless
fancy. Glendoveers and Sylphs, pardon me if I question whether those
visions are not lovelier than yourselves.

They stand by the beach, and see the sun sinking into the sea. How long
now have they dwelt on that island? What matters!--it may be months, or
years--what matters! Why should I, or they, keep account of that happy
time? As in the dream of a moment ages may seem to pass, so shall we
measure transport or woe,--by the length of the dream, or the number of
emotions that the dream involves?

The sun sinks slowly down; the air is arid and oppressive; on the sea,
the stately vessel lies motionless; on the shore, no leaf trembles on
the trees.

Viola drew nearer to Zanoni. A presentiment she could not define made
her heart beat more quickly; and, looking into his face, she was struck
with its expression: it was anxious, abstracted, perturbed. “This
stillness awes me,” she whispered.

Zanoni did not seem to hear her. He muttered to himself, and his eyes
gazed round restlessly. She knew not why, but that gaze, which seemed
to pierce into space,--that muttered voice in some foreign
language--revived dimly her earlier superstitions. She was more fearful
since the hour when she knew that she was to be a mother. Strange crisis
in the life of woman, and in her love! Something yet unborn begins
already to divide her heart with that which had been before its only

“Look on me, Zanoni,” she said, pressing his hand.

He turned: “Thou art pale, Viola; thy hand trembles!”

“It is true. I feel as if some enemy were creeping near us.”

“And the instinct deceives thee not. An enemy is indeed at hand. I see
it through the heavy air; I hear it through the silence: the Ghostly
One,--the Destroyer, the PESTILENCE! Ah, seest thou how the leaves swarm
with insects, only by an effort visible to the eye. They follow the
breath of the plague!” As he spoke, a bird fell from the boughs at
Viola’s feet; it fluttered, it writhed an instant, and was dead.

“Oh, Viola!” cried Zanoni, passionately, “that is death. Dost thou not
fear to die?”

“To leave thee? Ah, yes!”

“And if I could teach thee how Death may be defied; if I could arrest
for thy youth the course of time; if I could--”

He paused abruptly, for Viola’s eyes spoke only terror; her cheek and
lips were pale.

“Speak not thus,--look not thus,” she said, recoiling from him. “You
dismay me. Ah, speak not thus, or I should tremble,--no, not for myself,
but for thy child.”

“Thy child! But wouldst thou reject for thy child the same glorious



“The sun has sunk from our eyes, but to rise on those of others. To
disappear from this world is to live in the world afar. Oh, lover,--oh,
husband!” she continued, with sudden energy, “tell me that thou didst
but jest,--that thou didst but trifle with my folly! There is less
terror in the pestilence than in thy words.”

Zanoni’s brow darkened; he looked at her in silence for some moments,
and then said, almost severely,--

“What hast thou known of me to distrust?”

“Oh, pardon, pardon!--nothing!” cried Viola, throwing herself on his
breast, and bursting into tears. “I will not believe even thine own
words, if they seem to wrong thee!” He kissed the tears from her eyes,
but made no answer.

“And ah!” she resumed, with an enchanting and child-like smile, “if thou
wouldst give me a charm against the pestilence! see, I will take it from
thee.” And she laid her hand on a small, antique amulet that he wore on
his breast.

“Thou knowest how often this has made me jealous of the past; surely
some love-gift, Zanoni? But no, thou didst not love the giver as thou
dost me. Shall I steal thine amulet?”

“Infant!” said Zanoni, tenderly; “she who placed this round my neck
deemed it indeed a charm, for she had superstitions like thyself; but
to me it is more than the wizard’s spell,--it is the relic of a sweet
vanished time when none who loved me could distrust.”

He said these words in a tone of such melancholy reproach that it went
to the heart of Viola; but the tone changed into a solemnity which
chilled back the gush of her feelings as he resumed: “And this, Viola,
one day, perhaps, I will transfer from my breast to thine; yes, whenever
thou shalt comprehend me better,--WHENEVER THE LAWS OF OUR BEING SHALL

He moved on gently. They returned slowly home; but fear still was in the
heart of Viola, though she strove to shake it off. Italian and Catholic
she was, with all the superstitions of land and sect. She stole to
her chamber and prayed before a little relic of San Gennaro, which
the priest of her house had given to her in childhood, and which had
accompanied her in all her wanderings. She had never deemed it
possible to part with it before. Now, if there was a charm against the
pestilence, did she fear the pestilence for herself? The next morning,
when he awoke, Zanoni found the relic of the saint suspended with his
mystic amulet round his neck.

“Ah! thou wilt have nothing to fear from the pestilence now,” said
Viola, between tears and smiles; “and when thou wouldst talk to me again
as thou didst last night, the saint shall rebuke thee.”

Well, Zanoni, can there ever indeed be commune of thought and spirit,
except with equals?

Yes, the plague broke out,--the island home must be abandoned. Mighty
bridal roof!--sweet resting-place from care, farewell! Climates as soft
may greet ye, O lovers,--skies as serene, and waters as blue and calm;
but THAT TIME,--can it ever more return? Who shall say that the heart
does not change with the scene,--the place where we first dwelt with the
beloved one? Every spot THERE has so many memories which the place only
can recall. The past that haunts it seems to command such constancy in
the future. If a thought less kind, less trustful, enter within us, the
sight of a tree under which a vow has been exchanged, a tear has
been kissed away, restores us again to the hours of the first divine
illusion. But in a home where nothing speaks of the first nuptials,
where there is no eloquence of association, no holy burial-places of
emotions, whose ghosts are angels!--yes, who that has gone through the
sad history of affection will tell us that the heart changes not with
the scene! Blow fair, ye favouring winds; cheerily swell, ye sails; away
from the land where death has come to snatch the sceptre of Love! The
shores glide by; new coasts succeed to the green hills and orange-groves
of the Bridal Isle. From afar now gleam in the moonlight the columns,
yet extant, of a temple which the Athenian dedicated to wisdom; and,
standing on the bark that bounded on in the freshening gale, the votary
who had survived the goddess murmured to himself,--

“Has the wisdom of ages brought me no happier hours than those common
to the shepherd and the herdsman, with no world beyond their village, no
aspiration beyond the kiss and the smile of home?”

And the moon, resting alike over the ruins of the temple of the
departed creed, over the hut of the living peasant, over the immemorial
mountain-top, and the perishable herbage that clothed its sides, seemed
to smile back its answer of calm disdain to the being who, perchance,
might have seen the temple built, and who, in his inscrutable existence,
might behold the mountain shattered from its base.



     Frommet’s den Schleier aufzuheben,
     Wo das nahe Schreckness droht?
     Nur das Irrthum ist das Leben
     Und das Wissen ist der Tod,

     --Schiller, Kassandro.

     Delusion is the life we live
     And knowledge death; oh wherefore, then,
     To sight the coming evils give
     And lift the veil of Fate to Man?

     Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach! in meiner Brust.

     (Two souls dwell, alas! in my breast.)


     Was stehst du so, und blickst erstaunt hinaus?

     (Why standest thou so, and lookest out astonished?)


It will be remembered that we left Master Paolo by the bedside of
Glyndon; and as, waking from that profound slumber, the recollections of
the past night came horribly back to his mind, the Englishman uttered a
cry, and covered his face with his hands.

“Good morrow, Excellency!” said Paolo, gayly. “Corpo di Bacco, you have
slept soundly!”

The sound of this man’s voice, so lusty, ringing, and healthful, served
to scatter before it the phantasma that yet haunted Glyndon’s memory.

He rose erect in his bed. “And where did you find me? Why are you here?”

“Where did I find you!” repeated Paolo, in surprise,--“in your bed, to
be sure. Why am I here!--because the Padrone bade me await your waking,
and attend your commands.”

“The Padrone, Mejnour!--is he arrived?”

“Arrived and departed, signor. He has left this letter for you.”

“Give it me, and wait without till I am dressed.”

“At your service. I have bespoke an excellent breakfast: you must be
hungry. I am a very tolerable cook; a monk’s son ought to be! You will
be startled at my genius in the dressing of fish. My singing, I
trust, will not disturb you. I always sing while I prepare a salad; it
harmonises the ingredients.” And slinging his carbine over his shoulder,
Paolo sauntered from the room, and closed the door.

Glyndon was already deep in the contents of the following letter:--

“When I first received thee as my pupil, I promised Zanoni, if convinced
by thy first trials that thou couldst but swell, not the number of our
order, but the list of the victims who have aspired to it in vain, I
would not rear thee to thine own wretchedness and doom,--I would dismiss
thee back to the world. I fulfil my promise. Thine ordeal has been the
easiest that neophyte ever knew. I asked for nothing but abstinence from
the sensual, and a brief experiment of thy patience and thy faith. Go
back to thine own world; thou hast no nature to aspire to ours!

“It was I who prepared Paolo to receive thee at the revel. It was I who
instigated the old beggar to ask thee for alms. It was I who left open
the book that thou couldst not read without violating my command. Well,
thou hast seen what awaits thee at the threshold of knowledge. Thou hast
confronted the first foe that menaces him whom the senses yet grasp and
inthrall. Dost thou wonder that I close upon thee the gates forever?
Dost thou not comprehend, at last, that it needs a soul tempered and
purified and raised, not by external spells, but by its own sublimity
and valour, to pass the threshold and disdain the foe? Wretch! all
my silence avails nothing for the rash, for the sensual,--for him who
desires our secrets but to pollute them to gross enjoyments and selfish
vice. How have the imposters and sorcerers of the earlier times perished
by their very attempt to penetrate the mysteries that should purify, and
not deprave! They have boasted of the Philosopher’s Stone, and died in
rags; of the immortal elixir, and sunk to their grave, grey before their
time. Legends tell you that the fiend rent them into fragments. Yes;
the fiend of their own unholy desires and criminal designs! What they
coveted, thou covetest; and if thou hadst the wings of a seraph thou
couldst soar not from the slough of thy mortality. Thy desire for
knowledge, but petulant presumption; thy thirst for happiness, but
the diseased longing for the unclean and muddied waters of corporeal
pleasure; thy very love, which usually elevates even the mean, a passion
that calculates treason amidst the first glow of lust. THOU one of us;
thou a brother of the August Order; thou an Aspirant to the Stars that
shine in the Shemaia of the Chaldean lore! The eagle can raise but the
eaglet to the sun. I abandon thee to thy twilight!

“But, alas for thee, disobedient and profane! thou hast inhaled the
elixir; thou hast attracted to thy presence a ghastly and remorseless
foe. Thou thyself must exorcise the phantom thou hast raised. Thou must
return to the world; but not without punishment and strong effort canst
thou regain the calm and the joy of the life thou hast left behind.
This, for thy comfort, will I tell thee: he who has drawn into his frame
even so little of the volatile and vital energy of the aerial juices as
thyself, has awakened faculties that cannot sleep,--faculties that may
yet, with patient humility, with sound faith, and the courage that
is not of the body like thine, but of the resolute and virtuous mind,
attain, if not to the knowledge that reigns above, to high achievement
in the career of men. Thou wilt find the restless influence in all that
thou wouldst undertake. Thy heart, amidst vulgar joys will aspire to
something holier; thy ambition, amidst coarse excitement, to something
beyond thy reach. But deem not that this of itself will suffice for
glory. Equally may the craving lead thee to shame and guilt. It is but
an imperfect and new-born energy which will not suffer thee to repose.
As thou directest it, must thou believe it to be the emanation of thine
evil genius or thy good.

“But woe to thee! insect meshed in the web in which thou hast entangled
limbs and wings! Thou hast not only inhaled the elixir, thou hast
conjured the spectre; of all the tribes of the space, no foe is so
malignant to man,--and thou hast lifted the veil from thy gaze. I cannot
restore to thee the happy dimness of thy vision. Know, at least, that
all of us--the highest and the wisest--who have, in sober truth, passed
beyond the threshold, have had, as our first fearful task, to master and
subdue its grisly and appalling guardian. Know that thou CANST deliver
thyself from those livid eyes,--know that, while they haunt, they cannot
harm, if thou resistest the thoughts to which they tempt, and the horror
son of the worm, we part! All that I can tell thee to encourage, yet to
warn and to guide, I have told thee in these lines. Not from me, from
thyself has come the gloomy trial from which I yet trust thou wilt
emerge into peace. Type of the knowledge that I serve, I withhold no
lesson from the pure aspirant; I am a dark enigma to the general seeker.
As man’s only indestructible possession is his memory, so it is not in
mine art to crumble into matter the immaterial thoughts that have sprung
up within thy breast. The tyro might shatter this castle to the dust,
and topple down the mountain to the plain. The master has no power to
say, ‘Exist no more,’ to one THOUGHT that his knowledge has inspired.
Thou mayst change the thoughts into new forms; thou mayst rarefy and
sublimate it into a finer spirit,--but thou canst not annihilate that
which has no home but in the memory, no substance but the idea. EVERY
THOUGHT IS A SOUL! Vainly, therefore, would I or thou undo the past,
or restore to thee the gay blindness of thy youth. Thou must endure the
influence of the elixir thou hast inhaled; thou must wrestle with the
spectre thou hast invoked!”

The letter fell from Glyndon’s hand. A sort of stupor succeeded to the
various emotions which had chased each other in the perusal,--a stupor
resembling that which follows the sudden destruction of any ardent and
long-nursed hope in the human heart, whether it be of love, of avarice,
of ambition. The loftier world for which he had so thirsted, sacrificed,
and toiled, was closed upon him “forever,” and by his own faults of
rashness and presumption. But Glyndon’s was not of that nature which
submits long to condemn itself. His indignation began to kindle against
Mejnour, who owned he had tempted, and who now abandoned him,--abandoned
him to the presence of a spectre. The mystic’s reproaches stung rather
than humbled him. What crime had he committed to deserve language so
harsh and disdainful? Was it so deep a debasement to feel pleasure in
the smile and the eyes of Fillide? Had not Zanoni himself confessed
love for Viola; had he not fled with her as his companion? Glyndon never
paused to consider if there are no distinctions between one kind of
love and another. Where, too, was the great offence of yielding to a
temptation which only existed for the brave? Had not the mystic volume
which Mejnour had purposely left open, bid him but “Beware of fear”? Was
not, then, every wilful provocative held out to the strongest influences
of the human mind, in the prohibition to enter the chamber, in the
possession of the key which excited his curiosity, in the volume which
seemed to dictate the mode by which the curiosity was to be gratified?
As rapidly these thoughts passed over him, he began to consider the
whole conduct of Mejnour either as a perfidious design to entrap him to
his own misery, or as the trick of an imposter, who knew that he could
not realise the great professions he had made. On glancing again over
the more mysterious threats and warnings in Mejnour’s letter, they
seemed to assume the language of mere parable and allegory,--the jargon
of the Platonists and Pythagoreans. By little and little, he began to
consider that the very spectra he had seen--even that one phantom so
horrid in its aspect--were but the delusions which Mejnour’s science had
enable him to raise. The healthful sunlight, filling up every cranny
in his chamber, seemed to laugh away the terrors of the past night. His
pride and his resentment nerved his habitual courage; and when, having
hastily dressed himself, he rejoined Paolo, it was with a flushed cheek
and a haughty step.

“So, Paolo,” said he, “the Padrone, as you call him, told you to expect
and welcome me at your village feast?”

“He did so by a message from a wretched old cripple. This surprised
me at the time, for I thought he was far distant; but these great
philosophers make a joke of two or three hundred leagues.”

“Why did you not tell me you had heard from Mejnour?”

“Because the old cripple forbade me.”

“Did you not see the man afterwards during the dance?”

“No, Excellency.”


“Allow me to serve you,” said Paolo, piling Glyndon’s plate, and then
filling his glass. “I wish, signor, now the Padrone is gone,--not,”
 added Paolo, as he cast rather a frightened and suspicious glance round
the room, “that I mean to say anything disrespectful of him,--I wish, I
say, now that he is gone, that you would take pity on yourself, and ask
your own heart what your youth was meant for? Not to bury yourself alive
in these old ruins, and endanger body and soul by studies which I am
sure no saint could approve of.”

“Are the saints so partial, then, to your own occupations, Master

“Why,” answered the bandit, a little confused, “a gentleman with plenty
of pistoles in his purse need not, of necessity, make it his profession
to take away the pistoles of other people! It is a different thing for
us poor rogues. After all, too, I always devote a tithe of my gains
to the Virgin; and I share the rest charitably with the poor. But eat,
drink, enjoy yourself; be absolved by your confessor for any little
peccadilloes and don’t run too long scores at a time,--that’s my advice.
Your health, Excellency! Pshaw, signor, fasting, except on the days
prescribed to a good Catholic, only engenders phantoms.”


“Yes; the devil always tempts the empty stomach. To covet, to hate, to
thieve, to rob, and to murder,--these are the natural desires of a man
who is famishing. With a full belly, signor, we are at peace with all
the world. That’s right; you like the partridge! Cospetto! when I myself
have passed two or three days in the mountains, with nothing from sunset
to sunrise but a black crust and an onion, I grow as fierce as a wolf.
That’s not the worst, too. In these times I see little imps dancing
before me. Oh, yes; fasting is as full of spectres as a field of

Glyndon thought there was some sound philosophy in the reasoning of
his companion; and certainly the more he ate and drank, the more the
recollection of the past night and of Mejnour’s desertion faded from his
mind. The casement was open, the breeze blew, the sun shone,--all Nature
was merry; and merry as Nature herself grew Maestro Paolo. He talked
of adventures, of travel, of women, with a hearty gusto that had its
infection. But Glyndon listened yet more complacently when Paolo turned
with an arch smile to praises of the eye, the teeth, the ankles, and the
shape of the handsome Fillide.

This man, indeed, seemed the very personation of animal sensual life. He
would have been to Faust a more dangerous tempter than Mephistopheles.
There was no sneer on HIS lip at the pleasures which animated his voice.
To one awaking to a sense of the vanities in knowledge, this reckless
ignorant joyousness of temper was a worse corrupter than all the icy
mockeries of a learned Fiend. But when Paolo took his leave, with a
promise to return the next day, the mind of the Englishman again settled
back to a graver and more thoughtful mood. The elixir seemed, in truth,
to have left the refining effects Mejnour had ascribed to it. As Glyndon
paced to and fro the solitary corridor, or, pausing, gazed upon the
extended and glorious scenery that stretched below, high thoughts
of enterprise and ambition--bright visions of glory--passed in rapid
succession through his soul.

“Mejnour denies me his science. Well,” said the painter, proudly, “he
has not robbed me of my art.”

What! Clarence Glyndon, dost thou return to that from which thy career
commenced? Was Zanoni right after all?

He found himself in the chamber of the mystic; not a vessel,--not an
herb! the solemn volume is vanished,--the elixir shall sparkle for him
no more! But still in the room itself seems to linger the atmosphere of
a charm. Faster and fiercer it burns within thee, the desire to achieve,
to create! Thou longest for a life beyond the sensual!--but the life
that is permitted to all genius,--that which breathes through the
immortal work, and endures in the imperishable name.

Where are the implements for thine art? Tush!--when did the true workman
ever fail to find his tools? Thou art again in thine own chamber,--the
white wall thy canvas, a fragment of charcoal for thy pencil. They
suffice, at least, to give outline to the conception that may otherwise
vanish with the morrow.

The idea that thus excited the imagination of the artist was
unquestionably noble and august. It was derived from that Egyptian
ceremonial which Diodorus has recorded,--the Judgment of the Dead by the
Living (Diod., lib. i.): when the corpse, duly embalmed, is placed by
the margin of the Acherusian Lake; and before it may be consigned to the
bark which is to bear it across the waters to its final resting-place,
it is permitted to the appointed judges to hear all accusations of the
past life of the deceased, and, if proved, to deprive the corpse of the
rites of sepulture.

Unconsciously to himself, it was Mejnour’s description of this custom,
which he had illustrated by several anecdotes not to be found in books,
that now suggested the design to the artist, and gave it reality and
force. He supposed a powerful and guilty king whom in life scarce a
whisper had dared to arraign, but against whom, now the breath was gone,
came the slave from his fetters, the mutilated victim from his dungeon,
livid and squalid as if dead themselves, invoking with parched lips the
justice that outlives the grave.

Strange fervour this, O artist! breaking suddenly forth from the mists
and darkness which the occult science had spread so long over thy
fancies,--strange that the reaction of the night’s terror and the day’s
disappointment should be back to thine holy art! Oh, how freely goes
the bold hand over the large outline! How, despite those rude materials,
speaks forth no more the pupil, but the master! Fresh yet from the
glorious elixir, how thou givest to thy creatures the finer life denied
to thyself!--some power not thine own writes the grand symbols on the
wall. Behind rises the mighty sepulchre, on the building of which repose
to the dead the lives of thousands had been consumed. There sit in a
semicircle the solemn judges. Black and sluggish flows the lake. There
lies the mummied and royal dead. Dost thou quail at the frown on
his lifelike brow? Ha!--bravely done, O artist!--up rise the haggard
forms!--pale speak the ghastly faces! Shall not Humanity after death
avenge itself on Power? Thy conception, Clarence Glyndon, is a sublime
truth; thy design promises renown to genius. Better this magic than the
charms of the volume and the vessel. Hour after hour has gone; thou hast
lighted the lamp; night sees thee yet at thy labour. Merciful Heaven!
what chills the atmosphere; why does the lamp grow wan; why does thy
hair bristle? There!--there!--there! at the casement! It gazes on thee,
the dark, mantled, loathsome thing! There, with their devilish mockery
and hateful craft, glare on thee those horrid eyes!

He stood and gazed,--it was no delusion. It spoke not, moved not, till,
unable to bear longer that steady and burning look, he covered his face
with his hands. With a start, with a thrill, he removed them; he felt
the nearer presence of the nameless. There it cowered on the floor
beside his design; and lo! the figures seemed to start from the wall!
Those pale accusing figures, the shapes he himself had raised, frowned
at him, and gibbered. With a violent effort that convulsed his whole
being, and bathed his body in the sweat of agony, the young man mastered
his horror. He strode towards the phantom; he endured its eyes; he
accosted it with a steady voice; he demanded its purpose and defied its

And then, as a wind from a charnel, was heard its voice. What it said,
what revealed, it is forbidden the lips to repeat, the hand to record.
Nothing save the subtle life that yet animated the frame to which
the inhalations of the elixir had given vigour and energy beyond the
strength of the strongest, could have survived that awful hour. Better
to wake in the catacombs and see the buried rise from their cerements,
and hear the ghouls, in their horrid orgies, amongst the festering
ghastliness of corruption, than to front those features when the veil
was lifted, and listen to that whispered voice!


The next day Glyndon fled from the ruined castle. With what hopes of
starry light had he crossed the threshold; with what memories to shudder
evermore at the darkness did he look back at the frown of its time-worn


     Faust:  Wohin soll es nun gehm?
     Mephist:  Wohin es Dir gefallt.
     Wir sehn die kleine, dann die grosse Welt.

     (Faust:  Whither go now!
     Mephist:  Whither it pleases thee.
     We see the small world, then the great.)

Draw your chair to the fireside, brush clean the hearth, and trim the
lights. Oh, home of sleekness, order, substance, comfort! Oh, excellent
thing art thou, Matter of Fact!

It is some time after the date of the last chapter. Here we are, not in
moonlit islands or mouldering castles, but in a room twenty-six feet by
twenty-two,--well carpeted, well cushioned, solid arm-chairs and eight
such bad pictures, in such fine frames, upon the walls! Thomas Mervale,
Esq., merchant, of London, you are an enviable dog!

It was the easiest thing in the world for Mervale, on returning from his
Continental episode of life, to settle down to his desk,--his heart had
been always there. The death of his father gave him, as a birthright,
a high position in a respectable though second-rate firm. To make this
establishment first-rate was an honourable ambition,--it was his! He had
lately married, not entirely for money,--no! he was worldly rather than
mercenary. He had no romantic ideas of love; but he was too sensible
a man not to know that a wife should be a companion,--not merely a
speculation. He did not care for beauty and genius, but he liked health
and good temper, and a certain proportion of useful understanding. He
chose a wife from his reason, not his heart, and a very good choice he
made. Mrs. Mervale was an excellent young woman,--bustling, managing,
economical, but affectionate and good. She had a will of her own, but
was no shrew. She had a great notion of the rights of a wife, and a
strong perception of the qualities that insure comfort. She would never
have forgiven her husband, had she found him guilty of the most passing
fancy for another; but, in return, she had the most admirable sense of
propriety herself. She held in abhorrence all levity, all flirtation,
all coquetry,--small vices which often ruin domestic happiness, but
which a giddy nature incurs without consideration. But she did not think
it right to love a husband over much. She left a surplus of affection,
for all her relations, all her friends, some of her acquaintances, and
the possibility of a second marriage, should any accident happen to Mr.
M. She kept a good table, for it suited their station; and her temper
was considered even, though firm; but she could say a sharp thing
or two, if Mr. Mervale was not punctual to a moment. She was very
particular that he should change his shoes on coming home,--the carpets
were new and expensive. She was not sulky, nor passionate,--Heaven
bless her for that!--but when displeased she showed it, administered a
dignified rebuke, alluded to her own virtues, to her uncle who was an
admiral, and to the thirty thousand pounds which she had brought to the
object of her choice. But as Mr. Mervale was a good-humoured man, owned
his faults, and subscribed to her excellence, the displeasure was soon

Every household has its little disagreements, none fewer than that of
Mr. and Mrs. Mervale. Mrs. Mervale, without being improperly fond of
dress, paid due attention to it. She was never seen out of her chamber
with papers in her hair, nor in that worst of dis-illusions,--a morning
wrapper. At half-past eight every morning Mrs. Mervale was dressed
for the day,--that is, till she re-dressed for dinner,--her stays well
laced, her cap prim, her gowns, winter and summer, of a thick, handsome
silk. Ladies at that time wore very short waists; so did Mrs. Mervale.
Her morning ornaments were a thick, gold chain, to which was suspended
a gold watch,--none of those fragile dwarfs of mechanism that look so
pretty and go so ill, but a handsome repeater which chronicled Father
Time to a moment; also a mosaic brooch; also a miniature of her uncle,
the admiral, set in a bracelet. For the evening she had two handsome
sets,--necklace, earrings, and bracelets complete,--one of amethysts,
the other topazes. With these, her costume for the most part was a
gold-coloured satin and a turban, in which last her picture had been
taken. Mrs. Mervale had an aquiline nose, good teeth, fair hair, and
light eyelashes, rather a high complexion, what is generally called a
fine bust; full cheeks; large useful feet made for walking; large, white
hands with filbert nails, on which not a speck of dust had, even in
childhood, ever been known to a light. She looked a little older than
she really was; but that might arise from a certain air of dignity and
the aforesaid aquiline nose. She generally wore short mittens. She never
read any poetry but Goldsmith’s and Cowper’s. She was not amused by
novels, though she had no prejudice against them. She liked a play and
a pantomime, with a slight supper afterwards. She did not like concerts
nor operas. At the beginning of the winter she selected some book to
read, and some piece of work to commence. The two lasted her till the
spring, when, though she continued to work, she left off reading. Her
favourite study was history, which she read through the medium of Dr.
Goldsmith. Her favourite author in the belles lettres was, of course,
Dr. Johnson. A worthier woman, or one more respected, was not to be
found, except in an epitaph!

It was an autumn night. Mr. and Mrs. Mervale, lately returned from an
excursion to Weymouth, are in the drawing-room,--“the dame sat on this
side, the man sat on that.”

“Yes, I assure you, my dear, that Glyndon, with all his eccentricities,
was a very engaging, amiable fellow. You would certainly have liked
him,--all the women did.”

“My dear Thomas, you will forgive the remark,--but that expression of
yours, ‘all the WOMEN’--”

“I beg your pardon,--you are right. I meant to say that he was a general
favourite with your charming sex.”

“I understand,--rather a frivolous character.”

“Frivolous! no, not exactly; a little unsteady,--very odd, but certainly
not frivolous; presumptuous and headstrong in character, but modest and
shy in his manners, rather too much so,--just what you like. However,
to return; I am seriously uneasy at the accounts I have heard of him
to-day. He has been living, it seems, a very strange and irregular life,
travelling from place to place, and must have spent already a great deal
of money.”

“Apropos of money,” said Mrs. Mervale; “I fear we must change our
butcher; he is certainly in league with the cook.”

“That is a pity; his beef is remarkably fine. These London servants are
as bad as the Carbonari. But, as I was saying, poor Glyndon--”

Here a knock was heard at the door. “Bless me,” said Mrs. Mervale, “it
is past ten! Who can that possibly be?”

“Perhaps your uncle, the admiral,” said the husband, with a slight
peevishness in his accent. “He generally favours us about this hour.”

“I hope, my love, that none of my relations are unwelcome visitors at
your house. The admiral is a most entertaining man, and his fortune is
entirely at his own disposal.”

“No one I respect more,” said Mr. Mervale, with emphasis.

The servant threw open the door, and announced Mr. Glyndon.

“Mr. Glyndon!--what an extraordinary--” exclaimed Mrs. Mervale; but
before she could conclude the sentence, Glyndon was in the room.

The two friends greeted each other with all the warmth of early
recollection and long absence. An appropriate and proud presentation
to Mrs. Mervale ensued; and Mrs. Mervale, with a dignified smile, and
a furtive glance at his boots, bade her husband’s friend welcome to

Glyndon was greatly altered since Mervale had seen him last. Though
less than two years had elapsed since then, his fair complexion was more
bronzed and manly. Deep lines of care, or thought, or dissipation, had
replaced the smooth contour of happy youth. To a manner once gentle
and polished had succeeded a certain recklessness of mien, tone, and
bearing, which bespoke the habits of a society that cared little for the
calm decorums of conventional ease. Still a kind of wild nobleness, not
before apparent in him, characterised his aspect, and gave something of
dignity to the freedom of his language and gestures.

“So, then, you are settled, Mervale,--I need not ask you if you are
happy. Worth, sense, wealth, character, and so fair a companion deserve
happiness, and command it.”

“Would you like some tea, Mr. Glyndon?” asked Mrs. Mervale, kindly.

“Thank you,--no. I propose a more convivial stimulus to my old friend.
Wine, Mervale,--wine, eh!--or a bowl of old English punch. Your wife
will excuse us,--we will make a night of it!”

Mrs. Mervale drew back her chair, and tried not to look aghast. Glyndon
did not give his friend time to reply.

“So at last I am in England,” he said, looking round the room, with
a slight sneer on his lips; “surely this sober air must have its
influence; surely here I shall be like the rest.”

“Have you been ill, Glyndon?”

“Ill, yes. Humph! you have a fine house. Does it contain a spare room
for a solitary wanderer?”

Mr. Mervale glanced at his wife, and his wife looked steadily on the
carpet. “Modest and shy in his manners--rather too much so!” Mrs.
Mervale was in the seventh heaven of indignation and amaze!

“My dear?” said Mr. Mervale at last, meekly and interogatingly.

“My dear!” returned Mrs. Mervale, innocently and sourly.

“We can make up a room for my old friend, Sarah?”

The old friend had sunk back on his chair, and, gazing intently on the
fire, with his feet at ease upon the fender, seemed to have forgotten
his question.

Mrs. Mervale bit her lips, looked thoughtful, and at last coldly
replied, “Certainly, Mr. Mervale; your friends do right to make
themselves at home.”

With that she lighted a candle, and moved majestically from the room.
When she returned, the two friends had vanished into Mr. Mervale’s

Twelve o’clock struck,--one o’clock, two! Thrice had Mrs. Mervale sent
into the room to know,--first, if they wanted anything; secondly, if Mr.
Glyndon slept on a mattress or feather-bed; thirdly, to inquire if Mr.
Glyndon’s trunk, which he had brought with him, should be unpacked. And
to the answer to all these questions was added, in a loud voice from the
visitor,--a voice that pierced from the kitchen to the attic,--“Another
bowl! stronger, if you please, and be quick with it!”

At last Mr. Mervale appeared in the conjugal chamber, not penitent, nor
apologetic,--no, not a bit of it. His eyes twinkled, his cheek flushed,
his feet reeled; he sang,--Mr. Thomas Mervale positively sang!

“Mr. Mervale! is it possible, sir--”

“‘Old King Cole was a merry old soul--’”

“Mr. Mervale! sir!--leave me alone, sir!”

“‘And a merry old soul was he--’”

“What an example to the servants!”

“‘And he called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl--’”

“If you don’t behave yourself, sir, I shall call--”

“‘Call for his fiddlers three!’”


     In der Welt weit
     Aus der Einsamkeit
     Wollen sie Dich locken.

     (In the wide world, out of the solitude, will these allure thee.)

The next morning, at breakfast, Mrs. Mervale looked as if all the wrongs
of injured woman sat upon her brow. Mr. Mervale seemed the picture of
remorseful guilt and avenging bile. He said little, except to complain
of headache, and to request the eggs to be removed from the table.
Clarence Glyndon--impervious, unconscious, unailing, impenitent--was in
noisy spirits, and talked for three.

“Poor Mervale! he has lost the habit of good-fellowship, madam. Another
night or two, and he will be himself again!”

“Sir,” said Mrs. Mervale, launching a premeditated sentence with more
than Johnsonian dignity, “permit me to remind you that Mr. Mervale is
now a married man, the destined father of a family, and the present
master of a household.”

“Precisely the reasons why I envy him so much. I myself have a great
mind to marry. Happiness is contagious.”

“Do you still take to painting?” asked Mervale, languidly, endeavouring
to turn the tables on his guest.

“Oh, no; I have adopted your advice. No art, no ideal,--nothing loftier
than Commonplace for me now. If I were to paint again, I positively
think YOU would purchase my pictures. Make haste and finish your
breakfast, man; I wish to consult you. I have come to England to see
after my affairs. My ambition is to make money; your counsels and
experience cannot fail to assist me here.”

“Ah, you were soon disenchanted of your Philosopher’s Stone! You must
know, Sarah, that when I last left Glyndon, he was bent upon turning
alchemist and magician.”

“You are witty to-day, Mr. Mervale.”

“Upon my honour it is true, I told you so before.”

Glyndon rose abruptly.

“Why revive those recollections of folly and presumption? Have I not
said that I have returned to my native land to pursue the healthful
avocations of my kind! Oh, yes! what so healthful, so noble, so
fitted to our nature, as what you call the Practical Life? If we
have faculties, what is their use, but to sell them to advantage! Buy
knowledge as we do our goods; buy it at the cheapest market, sell it at
the dearest. Have you not breakfasted yet?”

The friends walked into the streets, and Mervale shrank from the irony
with which Glyndon complimented him on his respectability, his station,
his pursuits, his happy marriage, and his eight pictures in their
handsome frames. Formerly the sober Mervale had commanded an influence
over his friend: HIS had been the sarcasm; Glyndon’s the irresolute
shame at his own peculiarities. Now this position was reversed. There
was a fierce earnestness in Glyndon’s altered temper which awed and
silenced the quiet commonplace of his friend’s character. He seemed to
take a malignant delight in persuading himself that the sober life of
the world was contemptible and base.

“Ah!” he exclaimed, “how right you were to tell me to marry respectably;
to have a solid position; to live in decorous fear of the world and
one’s wife; and to command the envy of the poor, the good opinion of
the rich. You have practised what you preach. Delicious existence! The
merchant’s desk and the curtain lecture! Ha! ha! Shall we have another
night of it?”

Mervale, embarrassed and irritated, turned the conversation upon
Glyndon’s affairs. He was surprised at the knowledge of the world which
the artist seemed to have suddenly acquired, surprised still more at
the acuteness and energy with which he spoke of the speculations most in
vogue at the market. Yes; Glyndon was certainly in earnest: he desired
to be rich and respectable,--and to make at least ten per cent for his

After spending some days with the merchant, during which time he
contrived to disorganise all the mechanism of the house, to turn
night into day, harmony into discord, to drive poor Mrs. Mervale
half-distracted, and to convince her husband that he was horribly
hen-pecked, the ill-omened visitor left them as suddenly as he had
arrived. He took a house of his own; he sought the society of persons
of substance; he devoted himself to the money-market; he seemed to
have become a man of business; his schemes were bold and colossal; his
calculations rapid and profound. He startled Mervale by his energy,
and dazzled him by his success. Mervale began to envy him,--to be
discontented with his own regular and slow gains. When Glyndon bought or
sold in the funds, wealth rolled upon him like the tide of a sea; what
years of toil could not have done for him in art, a few months, by
a succession of lucky chances, did for him in speculation. Suddenly,
however, he relaxed his exertions; new objects of ambition seemed to
attract him. If he heard a drum in the streets, what glory like the
soldier’s? If a new poem were published, what renown like the poet’s?
He began works in literature, which promised great excellence, to throw
them aside in disgust. All at once he abandoned the decorous and formal
society he had courted; he joined himself, with young and riotous
associates; he plunged into the wildest excesses of the great city,
where Gold reigns alike over Toil and Pleasure. Through all he carried
with him a certain power and heat of soul. In all society he aspired
to command,--in all pursuits to excel. Yet whatever the passion of the
moment, the reaction was terrible in its gloom. He sank, at times, into
the most profound and the darkest reveries. His fever was that of a mind
that would escape memory,--his repose, that of a mind which the memory
seizes again, and devours as a prey. Mervale now saw little of him; they
shunned each other. Glyndon had no confidant, and no friend.


     Ich fuhle Dich mir nahe;
     Die Einsamkeit belebt;
     Wie uber seinen Welten
     Der Unsichtbare schwebt.

     (I feel thee near to me,
     The loneliness takes life,--As over its world
     The Invisible hovers.)

From this state of restlessness and agitation rather than continuous
action, Glyndon was aroused by a visitor who seemed to exercise the most
salutary influence over him. His sister, an orphan with himself, had
resided in the country with her aunt. In the early years of hope and
home he had loved this girl, much younger than himself, with all a
brother’s tenderness. On his return to England, he had seemed to forget
her existence. She recalled herself to him on her aunt’s death by
a touching and melancholy letter: she had now no home but his,--no
dependence save on his affection; he wept when he read it, and was
impatient till Adela arrived.

This girl, then about eighteen, concerned beneath a gentle and calm
exterior much of the romance or enthusiasm that had, at her own age,
characterised her brother. But her enthusiasm was of a far purer order,
and was restrained within proper bounds, partly by the sweetness of a
very feminine nature, and partly by a strict and methodical education.
She differed from him especially in a timidity of character which
exceeded that usual at her age, but which the habit of self-command
concealed no less carefully than that timidity itself concealed the
romance I have ascribed to her.

Adela was not handsome: she had the complexion and the form of delicate
health; and too fine an organisation of the nerves rendered her
susceptible to every impression that could influence the health of the
frame through the sympathy of the mind. But as she never complained, and
as the singular serenity of her manners seemed to betoken an
equanimity of temperament which, with the vulgar, might have passed for
indifference, her sufferings had so long been borne unnoticed that it
ceased to be an effort to disguise them. Though, as I have said, not
handsome, her countenance was interesting and pleasing; and there
was that caressing kindness, that winning charm about her smile, her
manners, her anxiety to please, to comfort, and to soothe which went at
once to the heart, and made her lovely,--because so loving.

Such was the sister whom Glyndon had so long neglected, and whom he
now so cordially welcomed. Adela had passed many years a victim to
the caprices, and a nurse to the maladies, of a selfish and exacting
relation. The delicate and generous and respectful affection of her
brother was no less new to her than delightful. He took pleasure in the
happiness he created; he gradually weaned himself from other society;
he felt the charm of home. It is not surprising, then, that this
young creature, free and virgin from every more ardent attachment,
concentrated all her grateful love on this cherished and protecting
relative. Her study by day, her dream by night, was to repay him for
his affection. She was proud of his talents, devoted to his welfare;
the smallest trifle that could interest him swelled in her eyes to the
gravest affairs of life. In short, all the long-hoarded enthusiasm,
which was her perilous and only heritage, she invested in this one
object of her holy tenderness, her pure ambition.

But in proportion as Glyndon shunned those excitements by which he had
so long sought to occupy his time or distract his thoughts, the gloom
of his calmer hours became deeper and more continuous. He ever and
especially dreaded to be alone; he could not bear his new companion to
be absent from his eyes: he rode with her, walked with her, and it was
with visible reluctance, which almost partook of horror, that he retired
to rest at an hour when even revel grows fatigued. This gloom was not
that which could be called by the soft name of melancholy,--it was far
more intense; it seemed rather like despair. Often after a silence as of
death--so heavy, abstracted, motionless, did it appear--he would start
abruptly, and cast hurried glances around him,--his limbs trembling, his
lips livid, his brows bathed in dew. Convinced that some secret sorrow
preyed upon his mind, and would consume his health, it was the dearest
as the most natural desire of Adela to become his confidant and
consoler. She observed, with the quick tact of the delicate, that he
disliked her to seem affected by, or even sensible of, his darker moods.
She schooled herself to suppress her fears and her feelings. She would
not ask his confidence,--she sought to steal into it. By little and
little she felt that she was succeeding. Too wrapped in his own strange
existence to be acutely observant of the character of others, Glyndon
mistook the self-content of a generous and humble affection for
constitutional fortitude; and this quality pleased and soothed him. It
is fortitude that the diseased mind requires in the confidant whom
it selects as its physician. And how irresistible is that desire to
communicate! How often the lonely man thought to himself, “My heart
would be lightened of its misery, if once confessed!” He felt, too, that
in the very youth, the inexperience, the poetical temperament of Adela,
he could find one who would comprehend and bear with him better than
any sterner and more practical nature. Mervale would have looked on his
revelations as the ravings of madness, and most men, at best, as the
sicklied chimeras, the optical delusions, of disease. Thus gradually
preparing himself for that relief for which he yearned, the moment for
his disclosure arrived thus:--

One evening, as they sat alone together, Adela, who inherited some
portion of her brother’s talent in art, was employed in drawing, and
Glyndon, rousing himself from meditations less gloomy than usual, rose,
and affectionately passing his arm round her waist, looked over her as
she sat. An exclamation of dismay broke from his lips,--he snatched the
drawing from her hand: “What are you about?--what portrait is this?”

“Dear Clarence, do you not remember the original?--it is a copy from
that portrait of our wise ancestor which our poor mother used to say
so strongly resembled you. I thought it would please you if I copied it
from memory.”

“Accursed was the likeness!” said Glyndon, gloomily. “Guess you not the
reason why I have shunned to return to the home of my fathers!--because
I dreaded to meet that portrait!--because--because--but pardon me; I
alarm you!”

“Ah, no,--no, Clarence, you never alarm me when you speak: only when you
are silent! Oh, if you thought me worthy of your trust; oh, if you had
given me the right to reason with you in the sorrows that I yearn to

Glyndon made no answer, but paced the room for some moments with
disordered strides. He stopped at last, and gazed at her earnestly.
“Yes, you, too, are his descendant; you know that such men have lived
and suffered; you will not mock me,--you will not disbelieve! Listen!
hark!--what sound is that?”

“But the wind on the house-top, Clarence,--but the wind.”

“Give me your hand; let me feel its living clasp; and when I have told
you, never revert to the tale again. Conceal it from all: swear that it
shall die with us,--the last of our predestined race!”

“Never will I betray your trust; I swear it,--never!” said Adela,
firmly; and she drew closer to his side. Then Glyndon commenced his
story. That which, perhaps, in writing, and to minds prepared to
question and disbelieve, may seem cold and terrorless, became far
different when told by those blanched lips, with all that truth of
suffering which convinces and appalls. Much, indeed, he concealed,
much he involuntarily softened; but he revealed enough to make his
tale intelligible and distinct to his pale and trembling listener. “At
daybreak,” he said, “I left that unhallowed and abhorred abode. I had
one hope still,--I would seek Mejnour through the world. I would force
him to lay at rest the fiend that haunted my soul. With this intent I
journeyed from city to city. I instituted the most vigilant researches
through the police of Italy. I even employed the services of the
Inquisition at Rome, which had lately asserted its ancient powers in the
trial of the less dangerous Cagliostro. All was in vain; not a trace of
him could be discovered. I was not alone, Adela.” Here Glyndon paused a
moment, as if embarrassed; for in his recital, I need scarcely say that
he had only indistinctly alluded to Fillide, whom the reader may
surmise to be his companion. “I was not alone, but the associate of
my wanderings was not one in whom my soul could confide,--faithful and
affectionate, but without education, without faculties to comprehend me,
with natural instincts rather than cultivated reason; one in whom the
heart might lean in its careless hours, but with whom the mind could
have no commune, in whom the bewildered spirit could seek no guide. Yet
in the society of this person the demon troubled me not. Let me
explain yet more fully the dread conditions of its presence. In coarse
excitement, in commonplace life, in the wild riot, in the fierce excess,
in the torpid lethargy of that animal existence which we share with the
brutes, its eyes were invisible, its whisper was unheard. But whenever
the soul would aspire, whenever the imagination kindled to the loftier
ends, whenever the consciousness of our proper destiny struggled against
the unworthy life I pursued, then, Adela--then, it cowered by my side
in the light of noon, or sat by my bed,--a Darkness visible through the
Dark. If, in the galleries of Divine Art, the dreams of my youth woke
the early emulation,--if I turned to the thoughts of sages; if the
example of the great, if the converse of the wise, aroused the silenced
intellect, the demon was with me as by a spell. At last, one evening, at
Genoa, to which city I had travelled in pursuit of the mystic, suddenly,
and when least expected, he appeared before me. It was the time of the
Carnival. It was in one of those half-frantic scenes of noise and revel,
call it not gayety, which establish a heathen saturnalia in the midst
of a Christian festival. Wearied with the dance, I had entered a room in
which several revellers were seated, drinking, singing, shouting; and
in their fantastic dresses and hideous masks, their orgy seemed scarcely
human. I placed myself amongst them, and in that fearful excitement of
the spirits which the happy never know, I was soon the most riotous of
all. The conversation fell on the Revolution of France, which had
always possessed for me an absorbing fascination. The masks spoke of the
millennium it was to bring on earth, not as philosophers rejoicing in
the advent of light, but as ruffians exulting in the annihilation of
law. I know not why it was, but their licentious language infected
myself; and, always desirous to be foremost in every circle, I soon
exceeded even these rioters in declamations on the nature of the liberty
which was about to embrace all the families of the globe,--a liberty
that should pervade not only public legislation, but domestic life; an
emancipation from every fetter that men had forged for themselves. In
the midst of this tirade one of the masks whispered me,--

“‘Take care. One listens to you who seems to be a spy!’

“My eyes followed those of the mask, and I observed a man who took
no part in the conversation, but whose gaze was bent upon me. He was
disguised like the rest, yet I found by a general whisper that none had
observed him enter. His silence, his attention, had alarmed the fears of
the other revellers,--they only excited me the more. Rapt in my subject,
I pursued it, insensible to the signs of those about me; and, addressing
myself only to the silent mask who sat alone, apart from the group, I
did not even observe that, one by one, the revellers slunk off, and that
I and the silent listener were left alone, until, pausing from my heated
and impetuous declamations, I said,--

“‘And you, signor,--what is your view of this mighty era? Opinion
without persecution; brotherhood without jealousy; love without

“‘And life without God,’ added the mask as I hesitated for new images.

“The sound of that well-known voice changed the current of my thought. I
sprang forward, and cried,--

“‘Imposter or Fiend, we meet at last!’

“The figure rose as I advanced, and, unmasking, showed the features of
Mejnour. His fixed eye, his majestic aspect, awed and repelled me. I
stood rooted to the ground.

“‘Yes,’ he said solemnly, ‘we meet, and it is this meeting that I have
sought. How hast thou followed my admonitions! Are these the scenes in
which the Aspirant for the Serene Science thinks to escape the Ghastly
Enemy? Do the thoughts thou hast uttered--thoughts that would strike all
order from the universe--express the hopes of the sage who would rise to
the Harmony of the Eternal Spheres?’

“‘It is thy fault,--it is thine!’ I exclaimed. ‘Exorcise the phantom!
Take the haunting terror from my soul!’

“Mejnour looked at me a moment with a cold and cynical disdain which
provoked at once my fear and rage, and replied,--

“‘No; fool of thine own senses! No; thou must have full and entire
experience of the illusions to which the Knowledge that is without Faith
climbs its Titan way. Thou pantest for this Millennium,--thou shalt
behold it! Thou shalt be one of the agents of the era of Light and
Reason. I see, while I speak, the Phantom thou fliest, by thy side; it
marshals thy path; it has power over thee as yet,--a power that defies
my own. In the last days of that Revolution which thou hailest, amidst
the wrecks of the Order thou cursest as Oppression, seek the fulfilment
of thy destiny, and await thy cure.’

“At that instant a troop of masks, clamorous, intoxicated, reeling, and
rushing, as they reeled, poured into the room, and separated me from the
mystic. I broke through them, and sought him everywhere, but in vain.
All my researches the next day were equally fruitless. Weeks were
consumed in the same pursuit,--not a trace of Mejnour could be
discovered. Wearied with false pleasures, roused by reproaches I had
deserved, recoiling from Mejnour’s prophecy of the scene in which I was
to seek deliverance, it occurred to me, at last, that in the sober air
of my native country, and amidst its orderly and vigorous pursuits, I
might work out my own emancipation from the spectre. I left all whom
I had before courted and clung to,--I came hither. Amidst mercenary
schemes and selfish speculations, I found the same relief as in debauch
and excess. The Phantom was invisible; but these pursuits soon became
to me distasteful as the rest. Ever and ever I felt that I was born for
something nobler than the greed of gain,--that life may be made equally
worthless, and the soul equally degraded by the icy lust of avarice, as
by the noisier passions. A higher ambition never ceased to torment
me. But, but,” continued Glyndon, with a whitening lip and a visible
shudder, “at every attempt to rise into loftier existence, came that
hideous form. It gloomed beside me at the easel. Before the volumes of
poet and sage it stood with its burning eyes in the stillness of night,
and I thought I heard its horrible whispers uttering temptations never
to be divulged.” He paused, and the drops stood upon his brow.

“But I,” said Adela, mastering her fears and throwing her arms around
him,--“but I henceforth will have no life but in thine. And in this love
so pure, so holy, thy terror shall fade away.”

“No, no!” exclaimed Glyndon, starting from her. “The worst revelation is
to come. Since thou hast been here, since I have sternly and resolutely
refrained from every haunt, every scene in which this preternatural
enemy troubled me not, I--I--have--Oh, Heaven! Mercy--mercy! There it
stands,--there, by thy side,--there, there!” And he fell to the ground


     Doch wunderbar ergriff mich’s diese Nacht;
     Die Glieder schienen schon in Todes Macht.

     (This night it fearfully seized on me; my limbs appeared already
     in the power of death.)

A fever, attended with delirium, for several days deprived Glyndon of
consciousness; and when, by Adela’s care more than the skill of the
physicians, he was restored to life and reason, he was unutterably
shocked by the change in his sister’s appearance; at first, he fondly
imagined that her health, affected by her vigils, would recover with his
own. But he soon saw, with an anguish which partook of remorse, that the
malady was deep-seated,--deep, deep, beyond the reach of Aesculapius and
his drugs. Her imagination, little less lively than his own, was awfully
impressed by the strange confessions she had heard,--by the ravings
of his delirium. Again and again had he shrieked forth, “It is
there,--there, by thy side, my sister!” He had transferred to her fancy
the spectre, and the horror that cursed himself. He perceived this, not
by her words, but her silence; by the eyes that strained into space; by
the shiver that came over her frame; by the start of terror; by the look
that did not dare to turn behind. Bitterly he repented his confession;
bitterly he felt that between his sufferings and human sympathy there
could be no gentle and holy commune; vainly he sought to retract,--to
undo what he had done, to declare all was but the chimera of an
overheated brain!

And brave and generous was this denial of himself; for, often and often,
as he thus spoke, he saw the Thing of Dread gliding to her side, and
glaring at him as he disowned its being. But what chilled him, if
possible, yet more than her wasting form and trembling nerves, was the
change in her love for him; a natural terror had replaced it. She turned
paler if he approached,--she shuddered if he took her hand. Divided from
the rest of earth, the gulf of the foul remembrance yawned now between
his sister and himself. He could endure no more the presence of the one
whose life HIS life had embittered. He made some excuses for departure,
and writhed to see that they were greeted eagerly. The first gleam of
joy he had detected since that fatal night, on Adela’s face, he beheld
when he murmured “Farewell.” He travelled for some weeks through the
wildest parts of Scotland; scenery which MAKES the artist, was loveless
to his haggard eyes. A letter recalled him to London on the wings of
new agony and fear; he arrived to find his sister in a condition both of
mind and health which exceeded his worst apprehensions.

Her vacant look, her lifeless posture, appalled him; it was as one who
gazed on the Medusa’s head, and felt, without a struggle, the human
being gradually harden to the statue. It was not frenzy, it was not
idiocy,--it was an abstraction, an apathy, a sleep in waking. Only as
the night advanced towards the eleventh hour--the hour in which Glyndon
had concluded his tale--she grew visibly uneasy, anxious, and perturbed.
Then her lips muttered; her hands writhed; she looked round with a look
of unspeakable appeal for succour, for protection, and suddenly, as the
clock struck, fell with a shriek to the ground, cold and lifeless. With
difficulty, and not until after the most earnest prayers, did she answer
the agonised questions of Glyndon; at last she owned that at that hour,
and that hour alone, wherever she was placed, however occupied, she
distinctly beheld the apparition of an old hag, who, after thrice
knocking at the door, entered the room, and hobbling up to her with a
countenance distorted by hideous rage and menace, laid its icy fingers
on her forehead: from that moment she declared that sense forsook her;
and when she woke again, it was only to wait, in suspense that froze up
her blood, the repetition of the ghastly visitation.

The physician who had been summoned before Glyndon’s return, and whose
letter had recalled him to London, was a commonplace practitioner,
ignorant of the case, and honestly anxious that one more experienced
should be employed. Clarence called in one of the most eminent of the
faculty, and to him he recited the optical delusion of his sister. The
physician listened attentively, and seemed sanguine in his hopes of
cure. He came to the house two hours before the one so dreaded by the
patient. He had quietly arranged that the clocks should be put forward
half an hour, unknown to Adela, and even to her brother. He was a man of
the most extraordinary powers of conversation, of surpassing wit, of
all the faculties that interest and amuse. He first administered to the
patient a harmless potion, which he pledged himself would dispel the
delusion. His confident tone woke her own hopes,--he continued to excite
her attention, to rouse her lethargy; he jested, he laughed away the
time. The hour struck. “Joy, my brother!” she exclaimed, throwing
herself in his arms; “the time is past!” And then, like one released
from a spell, she suddenly assumed more than her ancient
cheerfulness. “Ah, Clarence!” she whispered, “forgive me for my former
desertion,--forgive me that I feared YOU. I shall live!--I shall live!
in my turn to banish the spectre that haunts my brother!” And Clarence
smiled and wiped the tears from his burning eyes. The physician renewed
his stories, his jests. In the midst of a stream of rich humour that
seemed to carry away both brother and sister, Glyndon suddenly saw over
Adela’s face the same fearful change, the same anxious look, the same
restless, straining eye, he had beheld the night before. He rose,--he
approached her. Adela started up, “look--look--look!” she exclaimed.
“She comes! Save me,--save me!” and she fell at his feet in strong
convulsions as the clock, falsely and in vain put forward, struck the

The physician lifted her in his arms. “My worst fears are confirmed,”
 he said gravely; “the disease is epilepsy.” (The most celebrated
practitioner in Dublin related to the editor a story of optical delusion
precisely similar in its circumstances and its physical cause to the one
here narrated.)

The next night, at the same hour, Adela Glyndon died.


     La loi, dont le regne vous epouvante, a son glaive leve sur vous:
     elle vous frappera tous:  le genre humain a besoin de cet

     (The law, whose reign terrifies you, has its sword raised against
     you; it will strike you all:  humanity has need of this example.)

“Oh, joy, joy!--thou art come again! This is thy hand--these thy lips.
Say that thou didst not desert me from the love of another; say it
again,--say it ever!--and I will pardon thee all the rest!”

“So thou hast mourned for me?”

“Mourned!--and thou wert cruel enough to leave me gold; there it
is,--there, untouched!”

“Poor child of Nature! how, then, in this strange town of Marseilles,
hast thou found bread and shelter?”

“Honestly, soul of my soul! honestly, but yet by the face thou didst
once think so fair; thinkest thou THAT now?”

“Yes, Fillide, more fair than ever. But what meanest thou?”

“There is a painter here--a great man, one of their great men at Paris,
I know not what they call them; but he rules over all here,--life and
death; and he has paid me largely but to sit for my portrait. It is for
a picture to be given to the Nation, for he paints only for glory. Think
of thy Fillide’s renown!” And the girl’s wild eyes sparkled; her vanity
was roused. “And he would have married me if I would!--divorced his wife
to marry me! But I waited for thee, ungrateful!”

A knock at the door was heard,--a man entered.


“Ah, Glyndon!--hum!--welcome! What! thou art twice my rival! But Jean
Nicot bears no malice. Virtue is my dream,--my country, my mistress.
Serve my country, citizen; and I forgive thee the preference of beauty.
Ca ira! ca ira!”

But as the painter spoke, it hymned, it rolled through the streets,--the
fiery song of the Marseillaise! There was a crowd, a multitude, a people
up, abroad, with colours and arms, enthusiasm and song,--with song, with
enthusiasm, with colours and arms! And who could guess that that
martial movement was one, not of war, but massacre,--Frenchmen against
Frenchmen? For there are two parties in Marseilles,--and ample work for
Jourdan Coupe-tete! But this, the Englishman, just arrived, a stranger
to all factions, did not as yet comprehend. He comprehended nothing but
the song, the enthusiasm, the arms, and the colours that lifted to the
sun the glorious lie, “Le peuple Francais, debout contre les tyrans!”
 (Up, Frenchmen, against tyrants!)

The dark brow of the wretched wanderer grew animated; he gazed from the
window on the throng that marched below, beneath their waving Oriflamme.
They shouted as they beheld the patriot Nicot, the friend of Liberty and
relentless Hebert, by the stranger’s side, at the casement.

“Ay, shout again!” cried the painter,--“shout for the brave Englishman
who abjures his Pitts and his Coburgs to be a citizen of Liberty and

A thousand voices rent the air, and the hymn of the Marseillaise rose in
majesty again.

“Well, and if it be among these high hopes and this brave people that
the phantom is to vanish, and the cure to come!” muttered Glyndon; and
he thought he felt again the elixir sparkling through his veins.

“Thou shalt be one of the Convention with Paine and Clootz,--I will
manage it all for thee!” cried Nicot, slapping him on the shoulder: “and

“Ah, if I could but see Paris!” cried Fillide, in her joyous voice.
Joyous! the whole time, the town, the air--save where, unheard, rose the
cry of agony and the yell of murder--were joy! Sleep unhaunting in thy
grave, cold Adela. Joy, joy! In the Jubilee of Humanity all private
griefs should cease! Behold, wild mariner, the vast whirlpool draws thee
to its stormy bosom! There the individual is not. All things are of the
whole! Open thy gates, fair Paris, for the stranger-citizen! Receive in
your ranks, O meek Republicans, the new champion of liberty, of reason,
of mankind! “Mejnour is right; it was in virtue, in valour, in glorious
struggle for the human race, that the spectre was to shrink to her
kindred darkness.”

And Nicot’s shrill voice praised him; and lean Robespierre--“Flambeau,
colonne, pierre angulaire de l’edifice de la Republique!” (“The light,
column, and keystone of the Republic.”--“Lettre du Citoyen P--; Papiers
inedits trouves chez Robespierre,” tom 11, page 127.)--smiled ominously
on him from his bloodshot eyes; and Fillide clasped him with passionate
arms to her tender breast. And at his up-rising and down-sitting, at
board and in bed, though he saw it not, the Nameless One guided him with
the demon eyes to the sea whose waves were gore.


     Why do I yield to that suggestion, Whose horrid image doth unfix
     my hair.--Shakespeare


     Therefore the Genii were painted with a platter full of garlands
     and flowers in one hand, and a whip in the other.--Alexander
     Ross, “Mystag. Poet.”

According to the order of the events related in this narrative, the
departure of Zanoni and Viola from the Greek isle, in which two happy
years appear to have been passed, must have been somewhat later in date
than the arrival of Glyndon at Marseilles. It must have been in the
course of the year 1791 when Viola fled from Naples with her mysterious
lover, and when Glyndon sought Mejnour in the fatal castle. It is now
towards the close of 1793, when our story again returns to Zanoni. The
stars of winter shone down on the lagunes of Venice. The hum of the
Rialto was hushed,--the last loiterers had deserted the Place of St.
Mark’s, and only at distant intervals might be heard the oars of the
rapid gondolas, bearing reveller or lover to his home. But lights still
flitted to and fro across the windows of one of the Palladian palaces,
whose shadow slept in the great canal; and within the palace watched the
twin Eumenides that never sleep for Man,--Fear and Pain.

“I will make thee the richest man in all Venice, if thou savest her.”

“Signor,” said the leech; “your gold cannot control death, and the will
of Heaven, signor, unless within the next hour there is some blessed
change, prepare your courage.”

Ho--ho, Zanoni! man of mystery and might, who hast walked amidst the
passions of the world, with no changes on thy brow, art thou tossed at
last upon the billows of tempestuous fear? Does thy spirit reel to and
fro?--knowest thou at last the strength and the majesty of Death?

He fled, trembling, from the pale-faced man of art,--fled through
stately hall and long-drawn corridor, and gained a remote chamber in the
palace, which other step than his was not permitted to profane. Out
with thy herbs and vessels. Break from the enchanted elements, O
silvery-azure flame! Why comes he not,--the Son of the Starbeam! Why
is Adon-Ai deaf to thy solemn call? It comes not,--the luminous and
delightsome Presence! Cabalist! are thy charms in vain? Has thy throne
vanished from the realms of space? Thou standest pale and trembling.
Pale trembler! not thus didst thou look when the things of glory
gathered at thy spell. Never to the pale trembler bow the things of
glory: the soul, and not the herbs, nor the silvery-azure flame, nor the
spells of the Cabala, commands the children of the air; and THY soul, by
Love and Death, is made sceptreless and discrowned!

At length the flame quivers,--the air grows cold as the wind in
charnels. A thing not of earth is present,--a mistlike, formless thing.
It cowers in the distance,--a silent Horror! it rises; it creeps; it
nears thee--dark in its mantle of dusky haze; and under its veil it
looks on thee with its livid, malignant eyes,--the thing of malignant

“Ha, young Chaldean! young in thy countless ages,--young as when, cold
to pleasure and to beauty, thou stoodest on the old Firetower, and
heardest the starry silence whisper to thee the last mystery that
baffles Death,--fearest thou Death at length? Is thy knowledge but a
circle that brings thee back whence thy wanderings began! Generations on
generations have withered since we two met! Lo! thou beholdest me now!”

“But I behold thee without fear! Though beneath thine eyes thousands
have perished; though, where they burn, spring up the foul poisons of
the human heart, and to those whom thou canst subject to thy will, thy
presence glares in the dreams of the raving maniac, or blackens the
dungeon of despairing crime, thou art not my vanquisher, but my slave!”

“And as a slave will I serve thee! Command thy slave, O beautiful
Chaldean! Hark, the wail of women!--hark, the sharp shriek of thy
beloved one! Death is in thy palace! Adon-Ai comes not to thy call. Only
where no cloud of the passion and the flesh veils the eye of the Serene
Intelligence can the Sons of the Starbeam glide to man. But _I_ can aid
thee!--hark!” And Zanoni heard distinctly in his heart, even at that
distance from the chamber, the voice of Viola calling in delirium on her
beloved one.

“Oh, Viola, I can save thee not!” exclaimed the seer, passionately; “my
love for thee has made me powerless!”

“Not powerless; I can gift thee with the art to save her,--I can place
healing in thy hand!”

“For both?--child and mother,--for both?”


A convulsion shook the limbs of the seer,--a mighty struggle shook him
as a child: the Humanity and the Hour conquered the repugnant spirit.

“I yield! Mother and child--save both!”


In the dark chamber lay Viola, in the sharpest agonies of travail; life
seemed rending itself away in the groans and cries that spoke of pain in
the midst of frenzy; and still, in groan and cry, she called on Zanoni,
her beloved. The physician looked to the clock; on it beat: the Heart
of Time,--regularly and slowly,--Heart that never sympathised with Life,
and never flagged for Death! “The cries are fainter,” said the leech;
“in ten minutes more all will be past.”

Fool! the minutes laugh at thee; Nature, even now, like a blue sky
through a shattered temple, is smiling through the tortured frame. The
breathing grows more calm and hushed; the voice of delirium is dumb,--a
sweet dream has come to Viola. Is it a dream, or is it the soul that
sees? She thinks suddenly that she is with Zanoni, that her burning head
is pillowed on his bosom; she thinks, as he gazes on her, that his eyes
dispel the tortures that prey upon her,--the touch of his hand cools the
fever on her brow; she hears his voice in murmurs,--it is a music from
which the fiends fly. Where is the mountain that seemed to press upon
her temples? Like a vapour, it rolls away. In the frosts of the winter
night, she sees the sun laughing in luxurious heaven,--she hears the
whisper of green leaves; the beautiful world, valley and stream and
woodland, lie before, and with a common voice speak to her, “We are
not yet past for thee!” Fool of drugs and formula, look to thy
dial-plate!--the hand has moved on; the minutes are with Eternity; the
soul thy sentence would have dismissed, still dwells on the shores of
Time. She sleeps: the fever abates; the convulsions are gone; the living
rose blooms upon her cheek; the crisis is past! Husband, thy wife lives;
lover, thy universe is no solitude! Heart of Time, beat on! A while, a
little while,--joy! joy! joy!--father, embrace thy child!


     Tristis Erinnys
     Praetulit infaustas sanguinolenta faces.

     (Erinnys, doleful and bloody, extends the unblessed torches.)

And they placed the child in the father’s arms! As silently he bent
over it, tears--tears, how human!--fell from his eyes like rain! And
the little one smiled through the tears that bathed its cheeks! Ah, with
what happy tears we welcome the stranger into our sorrowing world!
With what agonising tears we dismiss the stranger back to the angels!
Unselfish joy; but how selfish is the sorrow!

And now through the silent chamber a faint sweet voice is heard,--the
young mother’s voice.

“I am here: I am by thy side!” murmured Zanoni.

The mother smiled, and clasped his hand, and asked no more; she was


Viola recovered with a rapidity that startled the physician; and the
young stranger thrived as if it already loved the world to which it had
descended. From that hour Zanoni seemed to live in the infant’s life,
and in that life the souls of mother and father met as in a new bond.
Nothing more beautiful than this infant had eye ever dwelt upon. It was
strange to the nurses that it came not wailing to the light, but smiled
to the light as a thing familiar to it before. It never uttered one cry
of childish pain. In its very repose it seemed to be listening to some
happy voice within its heart: it seemed itself so happy. In its eyes
you would have thought intellect already kindled, though it had not yet
found a language. Already it seemed to recognise its parents; already
it stretched forth its arms when Zanoni bent over the bed, in which
it breathed and bloomed,--the budding flower! And from that bed he was
rarely absent: gazing upon it with his serene, delighted eyes, his soul
seemed to feed its own. At night and in utter darkness he was still
there; and Viola often heard him murmuring over it as she lay in
a half-sleep. But the murmur was in a language strange to her; and
sometimes when she heard she feared, and vague, undefined superstitions
came back to her,--the superstitions of earlier youth. A mother fears
everything, even the gods, for her new-born. The mortals shrieked aloud
when of old they saw the great Demeter seeking to make their child

But Zanoni, wrapped in the sublime designs that animated the human love
to which he was now awakened, forgot all, even all he had forfeited or
incurred, in the love that blinded him.

But the dark, formless thing, though he nor invoked nor saw it, crept,
often, round and round him, and often sat by the infant’s couch, with
its hateful eyes.


     Fuscis tellurem amplectitur alis.

     (Embraces the Earth with gloomy wings.)

Letter from Zanoni to Mejnour.

Mejnour, Humanity, with all its sorrows and its joys, is mine once more.
Day by day, I am forging my own fetters. I live in other lives than my
own, and in them I have lost more than half my empire. Not lifting them
aloft, they drag me by the strong bands of the affections to their own
earth. Exiled from the beings only visible to the most abstract sense,
the grim Enemy that guards the Threshold has entangled me in its web.
Canst thou credit me, when I tell thee that I have accepted its gifts,
and endure the forfeit? Ages must pass ere the brighter beings can again
obey the spirit that has bowed to the ghastly one! And--


In this hope, then, Mejnour, I triumph still; I yet have supreme power
over this young life. Insensibly and inaudibly my soul speaks to its
own, and prepares it even now. Thou knowest that for the pure and
unsullied infant spirit, the ordeal has no terror and no peril. Thus
unceasingly I nourish it with no unholy light; and ere it yet be
conscious of the gift, it will gain the privileges it has been mine to
attain: the child, by slow and scarce-seen degrees, will communicate its
own attributes to the mother; and content to see Youth forever radiant
on the brows of the two that now suffice to fill up my whole infinity of
thought, shall I regret the airier kingdom that vanishes hourly from my
grasp? But thou, whose vision is still clear and serene, look into the
far deeps shut from my gaze, and counsel me, or forewarn! I know that
the gifts of the Being whose race is so hostile to our own are, to the
common seeker, fatal and perfidious as itself. And hence, when, at the
outskirts of knowledge, which in earlier ages men called Magic,
they encountered the things of the hostile tribes, they believed the
apparitions to be fiends, and, by fancied compacts, imagined they had
signed away their souls; as if man could give for an eternity that over
which he has control but while he lives! Dark, and shrouded forever from
human sight, dwell the demon rebels, in their impenetrable realm; in
them is no breath of the Divine One. In every human creature the Divine
One breathes; and He alone can judge His own hereafter, and allot its
new career and home. Could man sell himself to the fiend, man could
prejudge himself, and arrogate the disposal of eternity! But these
creatures, modifications as they are of matter, and some with more
than the malignanty of man, may well seem, to fear and unreasoning
superstition, the representatives of fiends. And from the darkest and
mightiest of them I have accepted a boon,--the secret that startled
Death from those so dear to me. Can I not trust that enough of power yet
remains to me to baffle or to daunt the Phantom, if it seek to pervert
the gift? Answer me, Mejnour, for in the darkness that veils me, I see
only the pure eyes of the new-born; I hear only the low beating of my
heart. Answer me, thou whose wisdom is without love!

Mejnour to Zanoni.


Fallen One!--I see before thee Evil and Death and Woe! Thou to have
relinquished Adon-Ai for the nameless Terror,--the heavenly stars for
those fearful eyes! Thou, at the last to be the victim of the Larva of
the dreary Threshold, that, in thy first novitiate, fled, withered
and shrivelled, from thy kingly brow! When, at the primary grades of
initiation, the pupil I took from thee on the shores of the changed
Parthenope, fell senseless and cowering before that Phantom-Darkness, I
knew that his spirit was not formed to front the worlds beyond; for
FEAR is the attraction of man to earthiest earth, and while he fears, he
cannot soar. But THOU, seest thou not that to love is but to fear; seest
thou not that the power of which thou boastest over the malignant one
is already gone? It awes, it masters thee; it will mock thee and betray.
Lose not a moment; come to me. If there can yet be sufficient sympathy
between us, through MY eyes shalt thou see, and perhaps guard against
the perils that, shapeless yet, and looming through the shadow, marshal
themselves around thee and those whom thy very love has doomed. Come
from all the ties of thy fond humanity; they will but obscure thy
vision! Come forth from thy fears and hopes, thy desires and passions.
Come, as alone Mind can be the monarch and the seer, shining through the
home it tenants,--a pure, impressionless, sublime intelligence!


     Plus que vous ne pensez ce moment est terrible.
     La Harpe, “Le Comte de Warwick,” Act 3, sc. 5.

     (The moment is more terrible than you think.)

For the first time since their union, Zanoni and Viola were
separated,--Zanoni went to Rome on important business. “It was,” he
said, “but for a few days;” and he went so suddenly that there was
little time either for surprise or sorrow. But first parting is always
more melancholy than it need be: it seems an interruption to the
existence which Love shares with Love; it makes the heart feel what a
void life will be when the last parting shall succeed, as succeed it
must, the first. But Viola had a new companion; she was enjoying that
most delicious novelty which ever renews the youth and dazzles the eyes
of woman. As the mistress--the wife--she leans on another; from another
are reflected her happiness, her being,--as an orb that takes light from
its sun. But now, in turn, as the mother, she is raised from dependence
into power; it is another that leans on her,--a star has sprung into
space, to which she herself has become the sun!

A few days,--but they will be sweet through the sorrow! A few
days,--every hour of which seems an era to the infant, over whom bend
watchful the eyes and the heart. From its waking to its sleep, from
its sleep to its waking, is a revolution in Time. Every gesture to be
noted,--every smile to seem a new progress into the world it has come
to bless! Zanoni has gone,--the last dash of the oar is lost, the last
speck of the gondola has vanished from the ocean-streets of Venice! Her
infant is sleeping in the cradle at the mother’s feet; and she thinks
through her tears what tales of the fairy-land, that spreads far and
wide, with a thousand wonders, in that narrow bed, she shall have to
tell the father! Smile on, weep on, young mother! Already the fairest
leaf in the wild volume is closed for thee, and the invisible finger
turns the page!


By the bridge of the Rialto stood two Venetians--ardent Republicans and
Democrats--looking to the Revolution of France as the earthquake which
must shatter their own expiring and vicious constitution, and give
equality of ranks and rights to Venice.

“Yes, Cottalto,” said one; “my correspondent of Paris has promised to
elude all obstacles, and baffle all danger. He will arrange with us the
hour of revolt, when the legions of France shall be within hearing of
our guns. One day in this week, at this hour, he is to meet me here.
This is but the fourth day.”

He had scarce said these words before a man, wrapped in his roquelaire,
emerging from one of the narrow streets to the left, halted opposite
the pair, and eying them for a few moments with an earnest scrutiny,
whispered, “Salut!”

“Et fraternite,” answered the speaker.

“You, then, are the brave Dandolo with whom the Comite deputed me to
correspond? And this citizen--”

“Is Cottalto, whom my letters have so often mentioned.” (I know not if
the author of the original MSS. designs, under these names, to introduce
the real Cottalto and the true Dandolo, who, in 1797, distinguished
themselves by their sympathy with the French, and their democratic

“Health and brotherhood to him! I have much to impart to you both. I
will meet you at night, Dandolo. But in the streets we may be observed.”

“And I dare not appoint my own house; tyranny makes spies of our very
walls. But the place herein designated is secure;” and he slipped an
address into the hand of his correspondent.

“To-night, then, at nine! Meanwhile I have other business.” The man
paused, his colour changed, and it was with an eager and passionate
voice that he resumed,--

“Your last letter mentioned this wealthy and mysterious visitor,--this
Zanoni. He is still at Venice?”

“I heard that he had left this morning; but his wife is still here.”

“His wife!--that is well!”

“What know you of him? Think you that he would join us? His wealth would

“His house, his address,--quick!” interrupted the man.

“The Palazzo di --, on the Grand Canal.”

“I thank you,--at nine we meet.”

The man hurried on through the street from which he had emerged; and,
passing by the house in which he had taken up his lodging (he had
arrived at Venice the night before), a woman who stood by the door
caught his arm.

“Monsieur,” she said in French, “I have been watching for your return.
Do you understand me? I will brave all, risk all, to go back with you to
France,--to stand, through life or in death, by my husband’s side!”

“Citoyenne, I promised your husband that, if such your choice, I would
hazard my own safety to aid it. But think again! Your husband is one of
the faction which Robespierre’s eyes have already marked; he cannot
fly. All France is become a prison to the ‘suspect.’ You do not endanger
yourself by return. Frankly, citoyenne, the fate you would share may be
the guillotine. I speak (as you know by his letter) as your husband bade

“Monsieur, I will return with you,” said the woman, with a smile upon
her pale face.

“And yet you deserted your husband in the fair sunshine of the
Revolution, to return to him amidst its storms and thunder,” said the
man, in a tone half of wonder, half rebuke.

“Because my father’s days were doomed; because he had no safety but in
flight to a foreign land; because he was old and penniless, and had none
but me to work for him; because my husband was not then in danger,
and my father was! HE is dead--dead! My husband is in danger now. The
daughter’s duties are no more,--the wife’s return!”

“Be it so, citoyenne; on the third night I depart. Before then you may
retract your choice.”


A dark smile passed over the man’s face.

“O guillotine!” he said, “how many virtues hast thou brought to light!
Well may they call thee ‘A Holy Mother!’ O gory guillotine!”

He passed on muttering to himself, hailed a gondola, and was soon amidst
the crowded waters of the Grand Canal.


     Ce que j’ignore
     Est plus triste peut-etre et plus affreux encore.
     La Harpe, “Le Comte de Warwick,” Act 5, sc. 1.

     (That which I know not is, perhaps, more sad and fearful still.)

The casement stood open, and Viola was seated by it. Beneath sparkled
the broad waters in the cold but cloudless sunlight; and to that
fair form, that half-averted face, turned the eyes of many a gallant
cavalier, as their gondolas glided by.

But at last, in the centre of the canal, one of these dark vessels
halted motionless, as a man fixed his gaze from its lattice upon that
stately palace. He gave the word to the rowers,--the vessel approached
the marge. The stranger quitted the gondola; he passed up the
broad stairs; he entered the palace. Weep on, smile no more, young
mother!--the last page is turned!

An attendant entered the room, and gave to Viola a card, with these
words in English, “Viola, I must see you! Clarence Glyndon.”

Oh, yes, how gladly Viola would see him; how gladly speak to him of her
happiness, of Zanoni!--how gladly show to him her child! Poor Clarence!
she had forgotten him till now, as she had all the fever of her earlier
life,--its dreams, its vanities, its poor excitement, the lamps of the
gaudy theatre, the applause of the noisy crowd.

He entered. She started to behold him, so changed were his gloomy brow,
his resolute, careworn features, from the graceful form and careless
countenance of the artist-lover. His dress, though not mean, was rude,
neglected, and disordered. A wild, desperate, half-savage air had
supplanted that ingenuous mien, diffident in its grace, earnest in its
diffidence, which had once characterised the young worshipper of Art,
the dreaming aspirant after some starrier lore.

“Is it you?” she said at last. “Poor Clarence, how changed!”

“Changed!” he said abruptly, as he placed himself by her side. “And whom
am I to thank, but the fiends--the sorcerers--who have seized upon thy
existence, as upon mine? Viola, hear me. A few weeks since the news
reached me that you were in Venice. Under other pretences, and through
innumerable dangers, I have come hither, risking liberty, perhaps
life, if my name and career are known in Venice, to warn and save you.
Changed, you call me!--changed without; but what is that to the ravages
within? Be warned, be warned in time!”

The voice of Glyndon, sounding hollow and sepulchral, alarmed Viola even
more than his words. Pale, haggard, emaciated, he seemed almost as one
risen from the dead, to appall and awe her. “What,” she said, at last,
in a faltering voice,--“what wild words do you utter! Can you--”

“Listen!” interrupted Glyndon, laying his hand upon her arm, and its
touch was as cold as death,--“listen! You have heard of the old stories
of men who have leagued themselves with devils for the attainment of
preternatural powers. Those stories are not fables. Such men live.
Their delight is to increase the unhallowed circle of wretches like
themselves. If their proselytes fail in the ordeal, the demon seizes
them, even in this life, as it hath seized me!--if they succeed, woe,
yea, a more lasting woe! There is another life, where no spells can
charm the evil one, or allay the torture. I have come from a scene where
blood flows in rivers,--where Death stands by the side of the bravest
and the highest, and the one monarch is the Guillotine; but all the
mortal perils with which men can be beset, are nothing to the dreariness
of the chamber where the Horror that passes death moves and stirs!”

It was then that Glyndon, with a cold and distinct precision, detailed,
as he had done to Adela, the initiation through which he had gone. He
described, in words that froze the blood of his listener, the appearance
of that formless phantom, with the eyes that seared the brain and
congealed the marrow of those who beheld. Once seen, it never
was to be exorcised. It came at its own will, prompting black
thoughts,--whispering strange temptations. Only in scenes of turbulent
excitement was it absent! Solitude, serenity, the struggling desires
after peace and virtue,--THESE were the elements it loved to haunt!
Bewildered, terror-stricken, the wild account confirmed by the dim
impressions that never, in the depth and confidence of affection, had
been closely examined, but rather banished as soon as felt,--that
the life and attributes of Zanoni were not like those of
mortals,--impressions which her own love had made her hitherto censure
as suspicions that wronged, and which, thus mitigated, had perhaps only
served to rivet the fascinated chains in which he bound her heart and
senses, but which now, as Glyndon’s awful narrative filled her
with contagious dread, half unbound the very spells they had woven
before,--Viola started up in fear, not for HERSELF, and clasped her
child in her arms!

“Unhappiest one!” cried Glyndon, shuddering, “hast thou indeed given
birth to a victim thou canst not save? Refuse it sustenance,--let it
look to thee in vain for food! In the grave, at least, there are repose
and peace!”

Then there came back to Viola’s mind the remembrance of Zanoni’s
night-long watches by that cradle, and the fear which even then had
crept over her as she heard his murmured half-chanted words. And as
the child looked at her with its clear, steadfast eye, in the strange
intelligence of that look there was something that only confirmed her
awe. So there both Mother and Forewarner stood in silence,--the sun
smiling upon them through the casement, and dark by the cradle, though
they saw it not, sat the motionless, veiled Thing!

But by degrees better and juster and more grateful memories of the past
returned to the young mother. The features of the infant, as she gazed,
took the aspect of the absent father. A voice seemed to break from those
rosy lips, and say, mournfully, “I speak to thee in thy child. In return
for all my love for thee and thine, dost thou distrust me, at the first
sentence of a maniac who accuses?”

Her breast heaved, her stature rose, her eyes shone with a serene and
holy light.

“Go, poor victim of thine own delusions,” she said to Glyndon; “I
would not believe mine own senses, if they accused ITS father! And
what knowest thou of Zanoni? What relation have Mejnour and the grisly
spectres he invoked, with the radiant image with which thou wouldst
connect them?”

“Thou wilt learn too soon,” replied Glyndon, gloomily. “And the very
phantom that haunts me, whispers, with its bloodless lips, that its
horrors await both thine and thee! I take not thy decision yet; before I
leave Venice we shall meet again.”

He said, and departed.


     Quel est l’egarement ou ton ame se livre?
     La Harpe, “Le Comte de Warwick,” Act 4, sc. 4.

     (To what delusion does thy soul abandon itself?)

Alas, Zanoni! the aspirer, the dark, bright one!--didst thou think that
the bond between the survivor of ages and the daughter of a day could
endure? Didst thou not foresee that, until the ordeal was past, there
could be no equality between thy wisdom and her love? Art thou absent
now seeking amidst thy solemn secrets the solemn safeguards for child
and mother, and forgettest thou that the phantom that served thee hath
power over its own gifts,--over the lives it taught thee to rescue from
the grave? Dost thou not know that Fear and Distrust, once sown in the
heart of Love, spring up from the seed into a forest that excludes the
stars? Dark, bright one! the hateful eyes glare beside the mother and
the child!

All that day Viola was distracted by a thousand thoughts and terrors,
which fled as she examined them to settle back the darklier. She
remembered that, as she had once said to Glyndon, her very childhood had
been haunted with strange forebodings, that she was ordained for some
preternatural doom. She remembered that, as she had told him this,
sitting by the seas that slumbered in the arms of the Bay of Naples, he,
too, had acknowledged the same forebodings, and a mysterious sympathy
had appeared to unite their fates. She remembered, above all, that,
comparing their entangled thoughts, both had then said, that with the
first sight of Zanoni the foreboding, the instinct, had spoken to their
hearts more audibly than before, whispering that “with HIM was connected
the secret of the unconjectured life.”

And now, when Glyndon and Viola met again, the haunting fears of
childhood, thus referred to, woke from their enchanted sleep. With
Glyndon’s terror she felt a sympathy, against which her reason and her
love struggled in vain. And still, when she turned her looks upon her
child, it watched her with that steady, earnest eye, and its lips moved
as if it sought to speak to her,--but no sound came. The infant refused
to sleep. Whenever she gazed upon its face, still those wakeful,
watchful eyes!--and in their earnestness, there spoke something of pain,
of upbraiding, of accusation. They chilled her as she looked. Unable
to endure, of herself, this sudden and complete revulsion of all the
feelings which had hitherto made up her life, she formed the resolution
natural to her land and creed; she sent for the priest who had
habitually attended her at Venice, and to him she confessed, with
passionate sobs and intense terror, the doubts that had broken upon her.
The good father, a worthy and pious man, but with little education and
less sense, one who held (as many of the lower Italians do to this day)
even a poet to be a sort of sorcerer, seemed to shut the gates of
hope upon her heart. His remonstrances were urgent, for his horror was
unfeigned. He joined with Glyndon in imploring her to fly, if she felt
the smallest doubt that her husband’s pursuits were of the nature which
the Roman Church had benevolently burned so many scholars for adopting.
And even the little that Viola could communicate seemed, to the ignorant
ascetic, irrefragable proof of sorcery and witchcraft; he had, indeed,
previously heard some of the strange rumours which followed the path
of Zanoni, and was therefore prepared to believe the worst; the worthy
Bartolomeo would have made no bones of sending Watt to the stake, had he
heard him speak of the steam-engine. But Viola, as untutored as himself,
was terrified by his rough and vehement eloquence,--terrified, for
by that penetration which Catholic priests, however dull, generally
acquire, in their vast experience of the human heart hourly exposed
to their probe, Bartolomeo spoke less of danger to herself than to her
child. “Sorcerers,” said he, “have ever sought the most to decoy and
seduce the souls of the young,--nay, the infant;” and therewith he
entered into a long catalogue of legendary fables, which he quoted
as historical facts. All at which an English woman would have smiled,
appalled the tender but superstitious Neapolitan; and when the priest
left her, with solemn rebukes and grave accusations of a dereliction of
her duties to her child, if she hesitated to fly with it from an abode
polluted by the darker powers and unhallowed arts, Viola, still clinging
to the image of Zanoni, sank into a passive lethargy which held her very
reason in suspense.

The hours passed: night came on; the house was hushed; and Viola, slowly
awakened from the numbness and torpor which had usurped her faculties,
tossed to and fro on her couch, restless and perturbed. The stillness
became intolerable; yet more intolerable the sound that alone broke it,
the voice of the clock, knelling moment after moment to its grave. The
moments, at last, seemed themselves to find voice,--to gain shape. She
thought she beheld them springing, wan and fairy-like, from the womb of
darkness; and ere they fell again, extinguished, into that womb, their
grave, their low small voices murmured, “Woman, we report to eternity
all that is done in time! What shall we report of thee, O guardian of a
new-born soul?” She became sensible that her fancies had brought a sort
of partial delirium, that she was in a state between sleep and waking,
when suddenly one thought became more predominant than the rest. The
chamber which, in that and every house they had inhabited, even that in
the Greek isles, Zanoni had set apart to a solitude on which none might
intrude, the threshold of which even Viola’s step was forbid to cross,
and never, hitherto, in that sweet repose of confidence which belongs to
contented love, had she even felt the curious desire to disobey,--now,
that chamber drew her towards it. Perhaps THERE might be found a
somewhat to solve the riddle, to dispel or confirm the doubt: that
thought grew and deepened in its intenseness; it fastened on her as with
a palpable and irresistible grasp; it seemed to raise her limbs without
her will.

And now, through the chamber, along the galleries thou glidest, O lovely
shape! sleep-walking, yet awake. The moon shines on thee as thou glidest
by, casement after casement, white-robed and wandering spirit!--thine
arms crossed upon thy bosom, thine eyes fixed and open, with a calm
unfearing awe. Mother, it is thy child that leads thee on! The fairy
moments go before thee; thou hearest still the clock-knell tolling them
to their graves behind. On, gliding on, thou hast gained the door; no
lock bars thee, no magic spell drives thee back. Daughter of the
dust, thou standest alone with night in the chamber where, pale and
numberless, the hosts of space have gathered round the seer!


     Des Erdenlebens
     Schweres Traumbild sinkt, und sinkt, und sinkt.
     “Das Ideal und das Lebens.”

     (The Dream Shape of the heavy earthly life sinks, and sinks, and

She stood within the chamber, and gazed around her; no signs by which an
inquisitor of old could have detected the scholar of the Black Art were
visible. No crucibles and caldrons, no brass-bound volumes and ciphered
girdles, no skulls and cross-bones. Quietly streamed the broad moonlight
through the desolate chamber with its bare, white walls. A few bunches
of withered herbs, a few antique vessels of bronze, placed carelessly on
a wooden form, were all which that curious gaze could identify with the
pursuits of the absent owner. The magic, if it existed, dwelt in the
artificer, and the materials, to other hands, were but herbs and bronze.
So is it ever with thy works and wonders, O Genius,--Seeker of the
Stars! Words themselves are the common property of all men; yet, from
words themselves, Thou Architect of Immortalities, pilest up temples
that shall outlive the Pyramids, and the very leaf of the Papyrus
becomes a Shinar, stately with towers, round which the Deluge of Ages,
shall roar in vain!

But in that solitude has the Presence that there had invoked its wonders
left no enchantment of its own? It seemed so; for as Viola stood in the
chamber, she became sensible that some mysterious change was at work
within herself. Her blood coursed rapidly, and with a sensation of
delight, through her veins,--she felt as if chains were falling from
her limbs, as if cloud after cloud was rolling from her gaze. All the
confused thoughts which had moved through her trance settled and centred
themselves in one intense desire to see the Absent One,--to be with him.
The monads that make up space and air seemed charged with a spiritual
attraction,--to become a medium through which her spirit could pass from
its clay, and confer with the spirit to which the unutterable desire
compelled it. A faintness seized her; she tottered to the seat on which
the vessels and herbs were placed, and, as she bent down, she saw in one
of the vessels a small vase of crystal. By a mechanical and involuntary
impulse, her hand seized the vase; she opened it, and the volatile
essence it contained sparkled up, and spread through the room a powerful
and delicious fragrance. She inhaled the odour, she laved her temples
with the liquid, and suddenly her life seemed to spring up from the
previous faintness,--to spring, to soar, to float, to dilate upon the
wings of a bird. The room vanished from her eyes. Away, away, over lands
and seas and space on the rushing desire flies the disprisoned mind!

Upon a stratum, not of this world, stood the world-born shapes of the
sons of Science, upon an embryo world, upon a crude, wan, attenuated
mass of matter, one of the Nebulae, which the suns of the myriad systems
throw off as they roll round the Creator’s throne*, to become themselves
new worlds of symmetry and glory,--planets and suns that forever and
forever shall in their turn multiply their shining race, and be the
fathers of suns and planets yet to come.

     (* “Astronomy instructs us that, in the original condition of
     the solar system, the sun was the nucleus of a nebulosity or
     luminous mass which revolved on its axis, and extended far
     beyond the orbits of all the planets,--the planets as yet
     having no existence. Its temperature gradually diminished,
     and, becoming contracted by cooling, the rotation increased
     in rapidity, and zones of nebulosity were successively
     thrown off, in consequence of the centrifugal force
     overpowering the central attraction. The condensation of
     these separate masses constituted the planets and
     satellites. But this view of the conversion of gaseous
     matter into planetary bodies is not limited to our own
     system; it extends to the formation of the innumerable suns
     and worlds which are distributed throughout the universe.
     The sublime discoveries of modern astronomers have shown
     that every part of the realms of space abounds in large
     expansions of attenuated matter termed nebulae, which are
     irregularly reflective of light, of various figures, and in
     different states of condensation, from that of a diffused,
     luminous mass to suns and planets like our own.”--From
     Mantell’s eloquent and delightful work, entitled “The
     Wonders of Geology,” volume i. page 22.)

There, in that enormous solitude of an infant world, which thousands and
thousands of years can alone ripen into form, the spirit of Viola beheld
the shape of Zanoni, or rather the likeness, the simulacrun, the LEMUR
of his shape, not its human and corporeal substance,--as if, like hers,
the Intelligence was parted from the Clay,--and as the sun, while it
revolves and glows, had cast off into remotest space that nebular image
of itself, so the thing of earth, in the action of its more luminous and
enduring being, had thrown its likeness into that new-born stranger of
the heavens. There stood the phantom,--a phantom Mejnour, by its side.
In the gigantic chaos around raved and struggled the kindling elements;
water and fire, darkness and light, at war,--vapour and cloud hardening
into mountains, and the Breath of Life moving like a steadfast splendour
over all.

As the dreamer looked, and shivered, she beheld that even there the
two phantoms of humanity were not alone. Dim monster-forms that that
disordered chaos alone could engender, the first reptile Colossal race
that wreathe and crawl through the earliest stratum of a world labouring
into life, coiled in the oozing matter or hovered through the meteorous
vapours. But these the two seekers seemed not to heed; their gaze was
fixed intent upon an object in the farthest space. With the eyes of the
spirit, Viola followed theirs; with a terror far greater than the chaos
and its hideous inhabitants produced, she beheld a shadowy likeness
of the very room in which her form yet dwelt, its white walls, the
moonshine sleeping on its floor, its open casement, with the quiet roofs
and domes of Venice looming over the sea that sighed below,--and in that
room the ghost-like image of herself! This double phantom--here herself
a phantom, gazing there upon a phantom-self--had in it a horror which no
words can tell, no length of life forego.

But presently she saw this image of herself rise slowly, leave the room
with its noiseless feet: it passes the corridor, it kneels by a cradle!
Heaven of Heaven! She beholds her child!--still with its wondrous,
child-like beauty and its silent, wakeful eyes. But beside that cradle
there sits cowering a mantled, shadowy form,--the more fearful and
ghastly from its indistinct and unsubstantial gloom. The walls of that
chamber seem to open as the scene of a theatre. A grim dungeon; streets
through which pour shadowy crowds; wrath and hatred, and the aspect
of demons in their ghastly visages; a place of death; a murderous
instrument; a shamble-house of human flesh; herself; her child;--all,
all, rapid phantasmagoria, chased each other. Suddenly the
phantom-Zanoni turned, it seemed to perceive herself,--her second self.
It sprang towards her; her spirit could bear no more. She shrieked,
she woke. She found that in truth she had left that dismal chamber; the
cradle was before her, the child! all--all as that trance had seen it;
and, vanishing into air, even that dark, formless Thing!

“My child! my child! thy mother shall save thee yet!”


     Qui?  Toi m’abandonner!  Ou vas-tu?  Non! demeure,
     La Harpe, “Le Comte de Warwick,” Act 3, sc. 5.

     (Who?  THOU abandon me!--where goest thou?  No! stay, stay!)

Letter from Viola to Zanoni.

“It has come to this!--I am the first to part! I, the unfaithful one,
bid thee farewell forever. When thine eyes fall upon this writing thou
wilt know me as one of the dead. For thou that wert, and still art my
life,--I am lost to thee! O lover! O husband! O still worshipped and
adored! if thou hast ever loved me, if thou canst still pity, seek not
to discover the steps that fly thee. If thy charms can detect and tract
me, spare me, spare our child! Zanoni, I will rear it to love thee, to
call thee father! Zanoni, its young lips shall pray for thee! Ah, spare
thy child, for infants are the saints of earth, and their mediation
may be heard on high! Shall I tell thee why I part? No; thou, the
wisely-terrible, canst divine what the hand trembles to record; and
while I shudder at thy power,--while it is thy power I fly (our child
upon my bosom),--it comforts me still to think that thy power can read
the heart! Thou knowest that it is the faithful mother that writes
to thee, it is not the faithless wife! Is there sin in thy knowledge,
Zanoni? Sin must have sorrow: and it were sweet--oh, how sweet--to be
thy comforter. But the child, the infant, the soul that looks to mine
for its shield!--magician, I wrest from thee that soul! Pardon, pardon,
if my words wrong thee. See, I fall on my knees to write the rest!

“Why did I never recoil before from thy mysterious lore; why did the
very strangeness of thine unearthly life only fascinate me with a
delightful fear? Because, if thou wert sorcerer or angel-demon, there
was no peril to other but myself: and none to me, for my love was my
heavenliest part; and my ignorance in all things, except the art to love
thee, repelled every thought that was not bright and glorious as thine
image to my eyes. But NOW there is another! Look! why does it watch me
thus,--why that never-sleeping, earnest, rebuking gaze? Have thy spells
encompassed it already? Hast thou marked it, cruel one, for the terrors
of thy unutterable art? Do not madden me,--do not madden me!--unbind the

“Hark! the oars without! They come,--they come, to bear me from thee! I
look round, and methinks that I see thee everywhere. Thou speakest to
me from every shadow, from every star. There, by the casement, thy lips
last pressed mine; there, there by that threshold didst thou turn again,
and thy smile seemed so trustingly to confide in me! Zanoni--husband!--I
will stay! I cannot part from thee! No, no! I will go to the room
where thy dear voice, with its gentle music, assuaged the pangs
of travail!--where, heard through the thrilling darkness, it first
whispered to my ear, ‘Viola, thou art a mother!’ A mother!--yes, I rise
from my knees,--I AM a mother! They come! I am firm; farewell!”

Yes; thus suddenly, thus cruelly, whether in the delirium of blind and
unreasoning superstition, or in the resolve of that conviction which
springs from duty, the being for whom he had resigned so much of empire
and of glory forsook Zanoni. This desertion, never foreseen, never
anticipated, was yet but the constant fate that attends those who would
place Mind BEYOND the earth, and yet treasure the Heart WITHIN it.
Ignorance everlastingly shall recoil from knowledge. But never yet, from
nobler and purer motives of self-sacrifice, did human love link itself
to another, than did the forsaking wife now abandon the absent. For
rightly had she said that it was not the faithless wife, it WAS the
faithful mother that fled from all in which her earthly happiness was

As long as the passion and fervour that impelled the act animated
her with false fever, she clasped her infant to her breast, and was
consoled,--resigned. But what bitter doubt of her own conduct, what icy
pang of remorse shot through her heart, when, as they rested for a
few hours on the road to Leghorn, she heard the woman who accompanied
herself and Glyndon pray for safety to reach her husband’s side,
and strength to share the perils that would meet her there! Terrible
contrast to her own desertion! She shrunk into the darkness of her own
heart,--and then no voice from within consoled her.


     Zukunft hast du mir gegeben,
     Doch du nehmst den Augenblick.

     (Futurity hast thou given to me,--yet takest from me the Moment.)

“Mejnour, behold thy work! Out, out upon our little vanities of
wisdom!--out upon our ages of lore and life! To save her from Peril I
left her presence, and the Peril has seized her in its grasp!”

“Chide not thy wisdom but thy passions! Abandon thine idle hope of the
love of woman. See, for those who would unite the lofty with the lowly,
the inevitable curse; thy very nature uncomprehended,--thy sacrifices
unguessed. The lowly one views but in the lofty a necromancer or a
fiend. Titan, canst thou weep?”

“I know it now, I see it all! It WAS her spirit that stood beside
our own, and escaped my airy clasp! O strong desire of motherhood
and nature! unveiling all our secrets, piercing space and traversing
worlds!--Mejnour, what awful learning lies hid in the ignorance of the
heart that loves!”

“The heart,” answered the mystic, coldly; “ay, for five thousand years I
have ransacked the mysteries of creation, but I have not yet discovered
all the wonders in the heart of the simplest boor!”

“Yet our solemn rites deceived us not; the prophet-shadows, dark with
terror and red with blood, still foretold that, even in the dungeon, and
before the deathsman, I,--I had the power to save them both!”

“But at some unconjectured and most fatal sacrifice to thyself.”

“To myself! Icy sage, there is no self in love! I go. Nay, alone: I
want thee not. I want now no other guide but the human instincts of
affection. No cave so dark, no solitude so vast, as to conceal her.
Though mine art fail me; though the stars heed me not; though space,
with its shining myriads, is again to me but the azure void,--I return
but to love and youth and hope! When have they ever failed to triumph
and to save!”


     Orrida maesta nei fero aspetto
     Terrore accresce, e piu superbo il rende;
     Rosseggian gli occhi, e di veneno infetto
     Come infausta cometa, il guardo splende,
     Gil involve il mento, e sull ‘irsuto petto
     Ispida efoita la gran barbe scende;
     (Ger. Lib., Cant. iv. 7.)

     A horrible majesty in the fierce aspect increases it terror, and
     renders it more  superb.  Red glow the eyes, and the aspect
     infected, like a baleful comet, with  envenomed influences,
     glares around.  A vast beard covers the chin--and, rough  and
     thick, descends over the shaggy breast.--And like a profound gulf
     expand the jaws, foul with black gore.


     Qui suis-je, moi qu’on accuse?  Un esclave de la Liberte, un
     martyr vivant de la Republique.
     --“Discours de Robespierre, 8 Thermidor.”

     (Who am I,--_I_ whom they accuse?  A slave of Liberty,--a living
     martyr for the Republic.)

It roars,--The River of Hell, whose first outbreak was chanted as the
gush of a channel to Elysium. How burst into blossoming hopes fair
hearts that had nourished themselves on the diamond dews of the rosy
dawn, when Liberty came from the dark ocean, and the arms of decrepit
Thraldom--Aurora from the bed of Tithon! Hopes! ye have ripened into
fruit, and the fruit is gore and ashes! Beautiful Roland, eloquent
Vergniaud, visionary Condorcet, high-hearted Malesherbes!--wits,
philosophers, statesmen, patriots, dreamers! behold the millennium for
which ye dared and laboured!

I invoke the ghosts! Saturn hath devoured his children (“La Revolution
est comme Saturne, elle devorera tous ses enfans.”--Vergniaud.), and
lives alone,--I his true name of Moloch!

It is the Reign of Terror, with Robespierre the king. The struggles
between the boa and the lion are past: the boa has consumed the lion,
and is heavy with the gorge,--Danton has fallen, and Camille Desmoulins.
Danton had said before his death, “The poltroon Robespierre,--I alone
could have saved him.” From that hour, indeed, the blood of the dead
giant clouded the craft of “Maximilien the Incorruptible,” as at last,
amidst the din of the roused Convention, it choked his voice. (“Le sang
de Danton t’etouffe!” (the blood of Danton chokes thee!) said Garnier
de l’Aube, when on the fatal 9th of Thermidor, Robespierre gasped feebly
forth, “Pour la derniere fois, President des Assassins, je te demande
la parole.” (For the last time, President of Assassins, I demand to
speak.)) If, after that last sacrifice, essential, perhaps, to his
safety, Robespierre had proclaimed the close of the Reign of Terror,
and acted upon the mercy which Danton had begun to preach, he might have
lived and died a monarch. But the prisons continued to reek,--the glaive
to fall; and Robespierre perceived not that his mobs were glutted to
satiety with death, and the strongest excitement a chief could give
would be a return from devils into men.

We are transported to a room in the house of Citizen Dupleix, the
menuisier, in the month of July, 1794; or, in the calendar of the
Revolutionists, it was the Thermidor of the Second Year of the Republic,
One and Indivisible! Though the room was small, it was furnished and
decorated with a minute and careful effort at elegance and refinement.
It seemed, indeed, the desire of the owner to avoid at once what was
mean and rude, and what was luxurious and voluptuous. It was a trim,
orderly, precise grace that shaped the classic chairs, arranged the
ample draperies, sank the frameless mirrors into the wall, placed bust
and bronze on their pedestals, and filled up the niches here and there
with well-bound books, filed regularly in their appointed ranks. An
observer would have said, “This man wishes to imply to you,--I am
not rich; I am not ostentatious; I am not luxurious; I am no indolent
Sybarite, with couches of down, and pictures that provoke the sense;
I am no haughty noble, with spacious halls, and galleries that awe the
echo. But so much the greater is my merit if I disdain these excesses
of the ease or the pride, since I love the elegant, and have a taste!
Others may be simple and honest, from the very coarseness of their
habits; if I, with so much refinement and delicacy, am simple and
honest,--reflect, and admire me!”

On the walls of this chamber hung many portraits, most of them
represented but one face; on the formal pedestals were grouped many
busts, most of them sculptured but one head. In that small chamber
Egotism sat supreme, and made the Arts its looking-glasses. Erect in
a chair, before a large table spread with letters, sat the original of
bust and canvas, the owner of the apartment. He was alone, yet he sat
erect, formal, stiff, precise, as if in his very home he was not at
ease. His dress was in harmony with his posture and his chamber; it
affected a neatness of its own,--foreign both to the sumptuous fashions
of the deposed nobles, and the filthy ruggedness of the sans-culottes.
Frizzled and coiffe, not a hair was out of order, not a speck lodged
on the sleek surface of the blue coat, not a wrinkle crumpled the snowy
vest, with its under-relief of delicate pink. At the first glance, you
might have seen in that face nothing but the ill-favoured features of a
sickly countenance; at a second glance, you would have perceived that
it had a power, a character of its own. The forehead, though low and
compressed, was not without that appearance of thought and intelligence
which, it may be observed, that breadth between the eyebrows almost
invariably gives; the lips were firm and tightly drawn together, yet
ever and anon they trembled, and writhed restlessly. The eyes, sullen
and gloomy, were yet piercing, and full of a concentrated vigour that
did not seem supported by the thin, feeble frame, or the green lividness
of the hues, which told of anxiety and disease.

Such was Maximilien Robespierre; such the chamber over the menuisier’s
shop, whence issued the edicts that launched armies on their career of
glory, and ordained an artificial conduit to carry off the blood that
deluged the metropolis of the most martial people in the globe! Such was
the man who had resigned a judicial appointment (the early object of
his ambition) rather than violate his philanthropical principles by
subscribing to the death of a single fellow-creature; such was the
virgin enemy to capital punishments; and such, Butcher-Dictator now, was
the man whose pure and rigid manners, whose incorruptible honesty, whose
hatred of the excesses that tempt to love and wine, would, had he died
five years earlier, have left him the model for prudent fathers and
careful citizens to place before their sons. Such was the man who seemed
to have no vice, till circumstance, that hotbed, brought forth the two
which, in ordinary times, lie ever the deepest and most latent in a
man’s heart,--Cowardice and Envy. To one of these sources is to be
traced every murder that master-fiend committed. His cowardice was of
a peculiar and strange sort; for it was accompanied with the most
unscrupulous and determined WILL,--a will that Napoleon reverenced;
a will of iron, and yet nerves of aspen. Mentally, he was a
hero,--physically, a dastard. When the veriest shadow of danger
threatened his person, the frame cowered, but the will swept the danger
to the slaughter-house. So there he sat, bolt upright,--his small, lean
fingers clenched convulsively; his sullen eyes straining into space,
their whites yellowed with streaks of corrupt blood; his ears literally
moving to and fro, like the ignobler animals’, to catch every sound,--a
Dionysius in his cave; but his posture decorous and collected, and every
formal hair in its frizzled place.

“Yes, yes,” he said in a muttered tone, “I hear them; my good Jacobins
are at their post on the stairs. Pity they swear so! I have a law
against oaths,--the manners of the poor and virtuous people must
be reformed. When all is safe, an example or two amongst those good
Jacobins would make effect. Faithful fellows, how they love me!
Hum!--what an oath was that!--they need not swear so loud,--upon the
very staircase, too! It detracts from my reputation. Ha! steps!”

The soliloquist glanced at the opposite mirror, and took up a volume;
he seemed absorbed in its contents, as a tall fellow, a bludgeon in his
hand, a girdle adorned with pistols round his waist, opened the door,
and announced two visitors. The one was a young man, said to resemble
Robespierre in person, but of a far more decided and resolute expression
of countenance. He entered first, and, looking over the volume in
Robespierre’s hand, for the latter seemed still intent on his lecture,

“What! Rousseau’s Heloise? A love-tale!”

“Dear Payan, it is not the love,--it is the philosophy that charms me.
What noble sentiments!--what ardour of virtue! If Jean Jacques had but
lived to see this day!”

While the Dictator thus commented on his favourite author, whom in his
orations he laboured hard to imitate, the second visitor was wheeled
into the room in a chair. This man was also in what, to most, is the
prime of life,--namely, about thirty-eight; but he was literally dead in
the lower limbs: crippled, paralytic, distorted, he was yet, as the time
soon came to tell him,--a Hercules in Crime! But the sweetest of human
smiles dwelt upon his lips; a beauty almost angelic characterised his
features (“Figure d’ange,” says one of his contemporaries, in describing
Couthon. The address, drawn up most probably by Payan (Thermidor 9),
after the arrest of Robespierre, thus mentions his crippled colleague:
“Couthon, ce citoyen vertueux, QUI N’A QUE LE COEUR ET LA TETE DE
VIVANS, mais qui les a brulants de patriotisme” (Couthon, that virtuous
citizen, who has but the head and the heart of the living, yet possesses
these all on flame with patriotism.)); an inexpressible aspect of
kindness, and the resignation of suffering but cheerful benignity, stole
into the hearts of those who for the first time beheld him. With the
most caressing, silver, flute-like voice, Citizen Couthon saluted the
admirer of Jean Jacques.

“Nay,--do not say that it is not the LOVE that attracts thee; it IS the
love! but not the gross, sensual attachment of man for woman. No! the
sublime affection for the whole human race, and indeed, for all that

And Citizen Couthon, bending down, fondled the little spaniel that he
invariably carried in his bosom, even to the Convention, as a vent for
the exuberant sensibilities which overflowed his affectionate heart.
(This tenderness for some pet animal was by no means peculiar to
Couthon; it seems rather a common fashion with the gentle butchers of
the Revolution. M. George Duval informs us (“Souvenirs de la Terreur,”
 volume iii page 183) that Chaumette had an aviary, to which he devoted
his harmless leisure; the murderous Fournier carried on his shoulders a
pretty little squirrel, attached by a silver chain; Panis bestowed the
superfluity of his affections upon two gold pheasants; and Marat, who
would not abate one of the three hundred thousand heads he demanded,
REARED DOVES! Apropos of the spaniel of Couthon, Duval gives us an
amusing anecdote of Sergent, not one of the least relentless agents of
the massacre of September. A lady came to implore his protection for one
of her relations confined in the Abbaye. He scarcely deigned to speak to
her. As she retired in despair, she trod by accident on the paw of
his favourite spaniel. Sergent, turning round, enraged and furious,

“Yes, for all that lives,” repeated Robespierre, tenderly.
“Good Couthon,--poor Couthon! Ah, the malice of men!--how we are
misrepresented! To be calumniated as the executioners of our colleagues!
Ah, it is THAT which pierces the heart! To be an object of terror to the
enemies of our country,--THAT is noble; but to be an object of terror
to the good, the patriotic, to those one loves and reveres,--THAT is the
most terrible of human tortures at least, to a susceptible and honest
heart!” (Not to fatigue the reader with annotations, I may here observe
that nearly every sentiment ascribed in the text to Robespierre is to be
found expressed in his various discourses.)

“How I love to hear him!” ejaculated Couthon.

“Hem!” said Payan, with some impatience. “But now to business!”

“Ah, to business!” said Robespierre, with a sinister glance from his
bloodshot eyes.

“The time has come,” said Payan, “when the safety of the Republic
demands a complete concentration of its power. These brawlers of the
Comite du Salut Public can only destroy; they cannot construct. They
hated you, Maximilien, from the moment you attempted to replace anarcy
by institutions. How they mock at the festival which proclaimed the
acknowledgment of a Supreme Being: they would have no ruler, even in
heaven! Your clear and vigorous intellect saw that, having wrecked
an old world, it became necessary to shape a new one. The first step
towards construction must be to destroy the destroyers. While we
deliberate, your enemies act. Better this very night to attack the
handful of gensdarmes that guard them, than to confront the battalions
they may raise to-morrow.”

“No,” said Robespierre, who recoiled before the determined spirit of
Payan; “I have a better and safer plan. This is the 6th of Thermidor;
on the 10th--on the 10th, the Convention go in a body to the Fete
Decadaire. A mob shall form; the canonniers, the troops of Henriot, the
young pupils de l’Ecole de Mars, shall mix in the crowd. Easy, then, to
strike the conspirators whom we shall designate to our agents. On the
same day, too, Fouquier and Dumas shall not rest; and a sufficient
number of ‘the suspect’ to maintain salutary awe, and keep up the
revolutionary excitement, shall perish by the glaive of the law. The
10th shall be the great day of action. Payan, of these last culprits,
have you prepared a list?”

“It is here,” returned Payan, laconically, presenting a paper.

Robespierre glanced over it rapidly. “Collot d’Herbois!--good!
Barrere!--ay, it was Barrere who said, ‘Let us strike: the dead alone
never return.’ [‘Frappons! il n’y a que les morts qui ne revient
pas.’--Barrere.) Vadier, the savage jester!--good--good! Vadier of the
Mountain. He has called me ‘Mahomet!’ Scelerat! blasphemer!”

“Mahomet is coming to the Mountain,” said Couthon, with his silvery
accent, as he caressed his spaniel.

“But how is this? I do not see the name of Tallien? Tallien,--I hate
that man; that is,” said Robespierre, correcting himself with the
hypocrisy or self-deceit which those who formed the council of this
phrase-monger exhibited habitually, even among themselves,--“that is,
Virtue and our Country hate him! There is no man in the whole Convention
who inspires me with the same horror as Tallien. Couthon, I see a
thousand Dantons where Tallien sits!”

“Tallien has the only head that belongs to this deformed body,” said
Payan, whose ferocity and crime, like those of St. Just, were not
unaccompanied by talents of no common order. “Were it not better to
draw away the head, to win, to buy him, for the time, and dispose of him
better when left alone? He may hate YOU, but he loves MONEY!”

“No,” said Robespierre, writing down the name of Jean Lambert Tallien,
with a slow hand that shaped each letter with stern distinctness; “that
one head IS MY NECESSITY!”

“I have a SMALL list here,” said Couthon, sweetly,--“a VERY small
list. You are dealing with the Mountain; it is necessary to make a few
examples in the Plain. These moderates are as straws which follow the
wind. They turned against us yesterday in the Convention. A little
terror will correct the weathercocks. Poor creatures! I owe them no
ill-will; I could weep for them. But before all, la chere patrie!”

The terrible glance of Robespierre devoured the list which the man of
sensibility submitted to him. “Ah, these are well chosen; men not of
mark enough to be regretted, which is the best policy with the relics
of that party; some foreigners too,--yes, THEY have no parents in
Paris. These wives and parents are beginning to plead against us. Their
complaints demoralise the guillotine!”

“Couthon is right,” said Payan; “MY list contains those whom it will be
safer to despatch en masse in the crowd assembled at the Fete. HIS list
selects those whom we may prudently consign to the law. Shall it not be
signed at once?”

“It IS signed,” said Robespierre, formally replacing his pen upon the
inkstand. “Now to more important matters. These deaths will create no
excitement; but Collot d’Herbois, Bourdon De l’Oise, Tallien,” the
last name Robespierre gasped as he pronounced, “THEY are the heads of
parties. This is life or death to us as well as them.”

“Their heads are the footstools to your curule chair,” said Payan, in
a half whisper. “There is no danger if we are bold. Judges, juries, all
have been your selection. You seize with one hand the army, with the
other, the law. Your voice yet commands the people--”

“The poor and virtuous people,” murmured Robespierre.

“And even,” continued Payan, “if our design at the Fete fail us, we must
not shrink from the resources still at our command. Reflect! Henriot,
the general of the Parisian army, furnishes you with troops to arrest;
the Jacobin Club with a public to approve; inexorable Dumas with judges
who never acquit. We must be bold!”

“And we ARE bold,” exclaimed Robespierre, with sudden passion, and
striking his hand on the table as he rose, with his crest erect, as a
serpent in the act to strike. “In seeing the multitude of vices that
the revolutionary torrent mingles with civic virtues, I tremble to be
sullied in the eyes of posterity by the impure neighbourhood of these
perverse men who thrust themselves among the sincere defenders of
humanity. What!--they think to divide the country like a booty! I
thank them for their hatred to all that is virtuous and worthy! These
men,”--and he grasped the list of Payan in his hand,--“these!--not
WE--have drawn the line of demarcation between themselves and the lovers
of France!”

“True, we must reign alone!” muttered Payan; “in other words, the state
needs unity of will;” working, with his strong practical mind, the
corollary from the logic of his word-compelling colleague.

“I will go to the Convention,” continued Robespierre. “I have absented
myself too long,--lest I might seem to overawe the Republic that I have
created. Away with such scruples! I will prepare the people! I will
blast the traitors with a look!”

He spoke with the terrible firmness of the orator that had never
failed,--of the moral will that marched like a warrior on the cannon. At
that instant he was interrupted; a letter was brought to him: he opened
it,--his face fell, he shook from limb to limb; it was one of the
anonymous warnings by which the hate and revenge of those yet left alive
to threaten tortured the death-giver.

“Thou art smeared,” ran the lines, “with the best blood of France. Read
thy sentence! I await the hour when the people shall knell thee to the
doomsman. If my hope deceive me, if deferred too long,--hearken, read!
This hand, which thine eyes shall search in vain to discover, shall
pierce thy heart. I see thee every day,--I am with thee every day. At
each hour my arm rises against thy breast. Wretch! live yet awhile,
though but for few and miserable days--live to think of me; sleep to
dream of me! Thy terror and thy thought of me are the heralds of thy
doom. Adieu! this day itself I go forth to riot on thy fears!” (See
“Papiers inedits trouves chez Robespierre,” etc., volume ii. page 155.
(No. lx.))

“Your lists are not full enough!” said the tyrant, with a hollow voice,
as the paper dropped from his trembling hand. “Give them to me!--give
them to me! Think again, think again! Barrere is right--right!
‘Frappons! il n’y a que les morts qui ne revient pas!’”


     La haine, dans ces lieux, n’a qu’un glaive assassin.
     Elle marche dans l’ombre.
     La Harpe, “Jeanne de Naples,” Act iv. sc. 1.

     (Hate, in these regions, has but the sword of the assassin.  She
     moves in the shade.)

While such the designs and fears of Maximilien Robespierre, common
danger, common hatred, whatever was yet left of mercy or of virtue
in the agents of the Revolution, served to unite strange opposites in
hostility to the universal death-dealer. There was, indeed, an actual
conspiracy at work against him among men little less bespattered than
himself with innocent blood. But that conspiracy would have been idle of
itself, despite the abilities of Tallien and Barras (the only men whom
it comprised, worthy, by foresight and energy, the names of “leaders”).
The sure and destroying elements that gathered round the tyrant were
Time and Nature; the one, which he no longer suited; the other, which
he had outraged and stirred up in the human breast. The most atrocious
party of the Revolution, the followers of Hebert, gone to his last
account, the butcher-atheists, who, in desecrating heaven and earth,
still arrogated inviolable sanctity to themselves, were equally enraged
at the execution of their filthy chief, and the proclamation of a
Supreme Being. The populace, brutal as it had been, started as from a
dream of blood, when their huge idol, Danton, no longer filled the
stage of terror, rendering crime popular by that combination of careless
frankness and eloquent energy which endears their heroes to the herd.
The glaive of the guillotine had turned against THEMSELVES. They had
yelled and shouted, and sung and danced, when the venerable age, or the
gallant youth, of aristocracy or letters, passed by their streets in
the dismal tumbrils; but they shut up their shops, and murmured to each
other, when their own order was invaded, and tailors and cobblers, and
journeymen and labourers, were huddled off to the embraces of the “Holy
Mother Guillotine,” with as little ceremony as if they had been the
Montmorencies or the La Tremouilles, the Malesherbes or the Lavoisiers.
“At this time,” said Couthon, justly, “Les ombres de Danton, d’Hebert,
de Chaumette, se promenent parmi nous!” (The shades of Danton, Hebert,
and Chaumette walk amongst us.)

Among those who had shared the doctrines, and who now dreaded the
fate of the atheist Hebert, was the painter, Jean Nicot. Mortified and
enraged to find that, by the death of his patron, his career was closed;
and that, in the zenith of the Revolution for which he had laboured,
he was lurking in caves and cellars, more poor, more obscure, more
despicable than he had been at the commencement,--not daring to exercise
even his art, and fearful every hour that his name would swell the lists
of the condemned,--he was naturally one of the bitterest enemies of
Robespierre and his government. He held secret meetings with Collot
d’Herbois, who was animated by the same spirit; and with the creeping
and furtive craft that characterised his abilities, he contrived,
undetected, to disseminate tracts and invectives against the Dictator,
and to prepare, amidst “the poor and virtuous people,” the train for
the grand explosion. But still so firm to the eyes, even of profounder
politicians than Jean Nicot, appeared the sullen power of the
incorruptible Maximilien; so timorous was the movement against
him,--that Nicot, in common with many others, placed his hopes rather in
the dagger of the assassin than the revolt of the multitude. But Nicot,
though not actually a coward, shrunk himself from braving the fate of
the martyr; he had sense enough to see that, though all parties might
rejoice in the assassination, all parties would probably concur in
beheading the assassin. He had not the virtue to become a Brutus.
His object was to inspire a proxy-Brutus; and in the centre of that
inflammable population this was no improbable hope.

Amongst those loudest and sternest against the reign of blood; amongst
those most disenchanted of the Revolution; amongst those most appalled
by its excesses,--was, as might be expected, the Englishman, Clarence
Glyndon. The wit and accomplishments, the uncertain virtues that
had lighted with fitful gleams the mind of Camille Desmoulins, had
fascinated Glyndon more than the qualities of any other agent in the
Revolution. And when (for Camille Desmoulins had a heart, which seemed
dead or dormant in most of his contemporaries) that vivid child of
genius and of error, shocked at the massacre of the Girondins, and
repentant of his own efforts against them, began to rouse the serpent
malice of Robespierre by new doctrines of mercy and toleration, Glyndon
espoused his views with his whole strength and soul. Camille Desmoulins
perished, and Glyndon, hopeless at once of his own life and the cause
of humanity, from that time sought only the occasion of flight from the
devouring Golgotha. He had two lives to heed besides his own; for them
he trembled, and for them he schemed and plotted the means of escape.
Though Glyndon hated the principles, the party (None were more opposed
to the Hebertists than Camille Desmoulins and his friends. It is curious
and amusing to see these leaders of the mob, calling the mob “the
people” one day, and the “canaille” the next, according as it suits
them. “I know,” says Camille, “that they (the Hebertists) have all the
canaille with them.”--(Ils ont toute la canaille pour eux.)), and the
vices of Nicot, he yet extended to the painter’s penury the means of
subsistence; and Jean Nicot, in return, designed to exalt Glyndon
to that very immortality of a Brutus from which he modestly recoiled
himself. He founded his designs on the physical courage, on the wild and
unsettled fancies of the English artist, and on the vehement hate and
indignant loathing with which he openly regarded the government of

At the same hour, on the same day in July, in which Robespierre
conferred (as we have seen) with his allies, two persons were seated in
a small room in one of the streets leading out of the Rue St. Honore;
the one, a man, appeared listening impatiently, and with a sullen
brow, to his companion, a woman of singular beauty, but with a bold
and reckless expression, and her face as she spoke was animated by the
passions of a half-savage and vehement nature.

“Englishman,” said the woman, “beware!--you know that, whether in flight
or at the place of death, I would brave all to be by your side,--you
know THAT! Speak!”

“Well, Fillide; did I ever doubt your fidelity?”

“Doubt it you cannot,--betray it you may. You tell me that in flight you
must have a companion besides myself, and that companion is a female. It
shall not be!”

“Shall not!”

“It shall not!” repeated Fillide, firmly, and folding her arms across
her breast. Before Glyndon could reply, a slight knock at the door was
heard, and Nicot opened the latch and entered.

Fillide sank into her chair, and, leaning her face on her hands,
appeared unheeding of the intruder and the conversation that ensued.

“I cannot bid thee good-day, Glyndon,” said Nicot, as in his
sans-culotte fashion he strode towards the artist, his ragged hat on his
head, his hands in his pockets, and the beard of a week’s growth upon
his chin,--“I cannot bid thee good-day; for while the tyrant lives, evil
is every sun that sheds its beams on France.”

“It is true; what then? We have sown the wind, we must reap the

“And yet,” said Nicot, apparently not heeding the reply, and as if
musingly to himself, “it is strange to think that the butcher is as
mortal as the butchered; that his life hangs on as slight a thread; that
between the cuticle and the heart there is as short a passage,--that, in
short, one blow can free France and redeem mankind!”

Glyndon surveyed the speaker with a careless and haughty scorn, and made
no answer.

“And,” proceeded Nicot, “I have sometimes looked round for the man born
for this destiny, and whenever I have done so, my steps have led me

“Should they not rather have led thee to the side of Maximilien
Robespierre?” said Glyndon, with a sneer.

“No,” returned Nicot, coldly,--“no; for I am a ‘suspect:’ I could not
mix with his train; I could not approach within a hundred yards of his
person, but I should be seized; YOU, as yet, are safe. Hear me!”--and
his voice became earnest and expressive,--“hear me! There seems danger
in this action; there is none. I have been with Collot d’Herbois and
Bilaud-Varennes; they will hold him harmless who strikes the blow; the
populace would run to thy support; the Convention would hail thee as
their deliverer, the--”

“Hold, man! How darest thou couple my name with the act of an assassin?
Let the tocsin sound from yonder tower, to a war between Humanity and
the Tyrant, and I will not be the last in the field; but liberty never
yet acknowledged a defender in a felon.”

There was something so brave and noble in Glyndon’s voice, mien, and
manner, as he thus spoke, that Nicot at once was silenced; at once he
saw that he had misjudged the man.

“No,” said Fillide, lifting her face from her hands,--“no! your friend
has a wiser scheme in preparation; he would leave you wolves to mangle
each other. He is right; but--”

“Flight!” exclaimed Nicot; “is it possible? Flight; how?--when?--by what
means? All France begirt with spies and guards! Flight! would to Heaven
it were in our power!”

“Dost thou, too, desire to escape the blessed Revolution?”

“Desire! Oh!” cried Nicot, suddenly, and, falling down, he clasped
Glyndon’s knees,--“oh, save me with thyself! My life is a torture;
every moment the guillotine frowns before me. I know that my hours are
numbered; I know that the tyrant waits but his time to write my name
in his inexorable list; I know that Rene Dumas, the judge who never
pardons, has, from the first, resolved upon my death. Oh, Glyndon, by
our old friendship, by our common art, by thy loyal English faith and
good English heart, let me share thy flight!”

“If thou wilt, so be it.”

“Thanks!--my whole life shall thank thee. But how hast thou prepared the
means, the passports, the disguise, the--”

“I will tell thee. Thou knowest C--, of the Convention,--he has power,
and he is covetous. ‘Qu’on me meprise, pourvu que je dine’ (Let them
despise me, provided that I dine.), said he, when reproached for his


“By the help of this sturdy republican, who has friends enough in the
Comite, I have obtained the means necessary for flight; I have purchased
them. For a consideration I can procure thy passport also.”

“Thy riches, then, are not in assignats?”

“No; I have gold enough for us all.”

And here Glyndon, beckoning Nicot into the next room, first briefly
and rapidly detailed to him the plan proposed, and the disguises to be
assumed conformably to the passports, and then added, “In return for
the service I render thee, grant me one favour, which I think is in thy
power. Thou rememberest Viola Pisani?”

“Ah,--remember, yes!--and the lover with whom she fled.”

“And FROM whom she is a fugitive now.”

“Indeed--what!--I understand. Sacre bleu! but you are a lucky fellow,
cher confrere.”

“Silence, man! with thy eternal prate of brotherhood and virtue, thou
seemest never to believe in one kindly action, or one virtuous thought!”

Nicot bit his lip, and replied sullenly, “Experience is a great
undeceiver. Humph! What service can I do thee with regard to the

“I have been accessory to her arrival in this city of snares and
pitfalls. I cannot leave her alone amidst dangers from which neither
innocence nor obscurity is a safeguard. In your blessed Republic, a good
and unsuspected citizen, who casts a desire on any woman, maid or wife,
has but to say, ‘Be mine, or I denounce you!’ In a word, Viola must
share our flight.”

“What so easy? I see your passports provide for her.”

“What so easy? What so difficult? This Fillide--would that I had never
seen her!--would that I had never enslaved my soul to my senses! The
love of an uneducated, violent, unprincipled woman, opens with a heaven,
to merge in a hell! She is jealous as all the Furies; she will not hear
of a female companion; and when once she sees the beauty of Viola!--I
tremble to think of it. She is capable of any excess in the storm of her

“Aha, I know what such women are! My wife, Beatrice Sacchini, whom I
took from Naples, when I failed with this very Viola, divorced me when
my money failed, and, as the mistress of a judge, passes me in her
carriage while I crawl through the streets. Plague on her!--but
patience, patience! such is the lot of virtue. Would I were Robespierre
for a day!”

“Cease these tirades!” exclaimed Glyndon, impatiently; “and to the
point. What would you advise?”

“Leave your Fillide behind.”

“Leave her to her own ignorance; leave her unprotected even by the
mind; leave her in the Saturnalia of Rape and Murder? No! I have sinned
against her once. But come what may, I will not so basely desert one
who, with all her errors, trusted her fate to my love.”

“You deserted her at Marseilles.”

“True; but I left her in safety, and I did not then believe her love to
be so deep and faithful. I left her gold, and I imagined she would be
easily consoled; but since THEN WE HAVE KNOWN DANGER TOGETHER! And now
to leave her alone to that danger which she would never have incurred
but for devotion to me!--no, that is impossible. A project occurs to
me. Canst thou not say that thou hast a sister, a relative, or a
benefactress, whom thou wouldst save? Can we not--till we have left
France--make Fillide believe that Viola is one in whom THOU only art
interested; and whom, for thy sake only, I permit to share in our

“Ha, well thought of!--certainly!”

“I will then appear to yield to Fillide’s wishes, and resign the
project, which she so resents, of saving the innocent object of her
frantic jealousy. You, meanwhile, shall yourself entreat Fillide to
intercede with me to extend the means of escape to--”

“To a lady (she knows I have no sister) who has aided me in my distress.
Yes, I will manage all, never fear. One word more,--what has become of
that Zanoni?”

“Talk not of him,--I know not.”

“Does he love this girl still?”

“It would seem so. She is his wife, the mother of his infant, who is
with her.”

“Wife!--mother! He loves her. Aha! And why--”

“No questions now. I will go and prepare Viola for the flight; you,
meanwhile, return to Fillide.”

“But the address of the Neapolitan? It is necessary I should know, lest
Fillide inquire.”

“Rue M-- T--, No. 27. Adieu.”

Glyndon seized his hat and hastened from the house.

Nicot, left alone, seemed for a few moments buried in thought. “Oho,” he
muttered to himself, “can I not turn all this to my account? Can I not
avenge myself on thee, Zanoni, as I have so often sworn,--through thy
wife and child? Can I not possess myself of thy gold, thy passports,
and thy Fillide, hot Englishman, who wouldst humble me with thy loathed
benefits, and who hast chucked me thine alms as to a beggar? And
Fillide, I love her: and thy gold, I love THAT more! Puppets, I move
your strings!”

He passed slowly into the chamber where Fillide yet sat, with gloomy
thought on her brow and tears standing in her dark eyes. She looked up
eagerly as the door opened, and turned from the rugged face of Nicot
with an impatient movement of disappointment.

“Glyndon,” said the painter, drawing a chair to Fillide’s, “has left me
to enliven your solitude, fair Italian. He is not jealous of the ugly
Nicot!--ha, ha!--yet Nicot loved thee well once, when his fortunes were
more fair. But enough of such past follies.”

“Your friend, then, has left the house. Whither? Ah, you look away;
you falter,--you cannot meet my eyes! Speak! I implore, I command thee,

“Enfant! And what dost thou fear?”

“FEAR!--yes, alas, I fear!” said the Italian; and her whole frame seemed
to shrink into itself as she fell once more back into her seat.

Then, after a pause, she tossed the long hair from her eyes, and,
starting up abruptly, paced the room with disordered strides. At length
she stopped opposite to Nicot, laid her hand on his arm, drew him
towards an escritoire, which she unlocked, and, opening a well, pointed
to the gold that lay within, and said, “Thou art poor,--thou lovest
money; take what thou wilt, but undeceive me. Who is this woman whom thy
friend visits,--and does he love her?”

Nicot’s eyes sparkled, and his hands opened and clenched, and clenched
and opened, as he gazed upon the coins. But reluctantly resisting the
impulse, he said, with an affected bitterness, “Thinkest thou to bribe
me?--if so, it cannot be with gold. But what if he does love a rival;
what if he betrays thee; what if, wearied by thy jealousies, he designs
in his flight to leave thee behind,--would such knowledge make thee

“Yes!” exclaimed the Italian, fiercely; “yes, for it would be happiness
to hate and to be avenged! Oh, thou knowest not how sweet is hatred to
those who have really loved!”

“But wilt thou swear, if I reveal to thee the secret, that thou wilt not
betray me,--that thou wilt not fall, as women do, into weak tears and
fond reproaches, when thy betrayer returns?”

“Tears, reproaches! Revenge hides itself in smiles!”

“Thou art a brave creature!” said Nicot, almost admiringly. “One
condition more: thy lover designs to fly with his new love, to leave
thee to thy fate; if I prove this to thee, and if I give thee revenge
against thy rival, wilt thou fly with me? I love thee!--I will wed

Fillide’s eyes flashed fire; she looked at him with unutterable disdain,
and was silent.

Nicot felt he had gone too far; and with that knowledge of the evil part
of our nature which his own heart and association with crime had taught
him, he resolved to trust the rest to the passions of the Italian, when
raised to the height to which he was prepared to lead them.

“Pardon me,” he said; “my love made me too presumptuous; and yet it is
only that love,--my sympathy for thee, beautiful and betrayed, that can
induce me to wrong, with my revelations, one whom I have regarded as a
brother. I can depend upon thine oath to conceal all from Glyndon?”

“On my oath and my wrongs and my mountain blood!”

“Enough! get thy hat and mantle, and follow me.”

As Fillide left the room, Nicot’s eyes again rested on the gold; it was
much,--much more than he had dared to hope for; and as he peered into
the well and opened the drawers, he perceived a packet of letters in the
well-known hand of Camille Desmoulins. He seized--he opened the packet;
his looks brightened as he glanced over a few sentences. “This would
give fifty Glyndons to the guillotine!” he muttered, and thrust the
packet into his bosom.

O artist!--O haunted one!--O erring genius!--behold the two worst
foes,--the False Ideal that knows no God, and the False Love that burns
from the corruption of the senses, and takes no lustre from the soul!


     Liebe sonnt das Reich der Nacht.
     “Der Triumph der Liebe.”

     (Love illumes the realm of Night.)

Letter from Zanoni to Mejnour.


Dost thou remember in the old time, when the Beautiful yet dwelt in
Greece, how we two, in the vast Athenian Theatre, witnessed the birth of
Words as undying as ourselves? Dost thou remember the thrill of terror
that ran through that mighty audience, when the wild Cassandra burst
from her awful silence to shriek to her relentless god! How ghastly, at
the entrance of the House of Atreus, about to become her tomb, rang out
her exclamations of foreboding woe: “Dwelling abhorred of heaven!--human
shamble-house and floor blood-bespattered!” (Aesch. “Agam.” 1098.)
Dost thou remember how, amidst the breathless awe of those assembled
thousands, I drew close to thee, and whispered, “Verily, no prophet like
the poet! This scene of fabled horror comes to me as a dream, shadowing
forth some likeness in my own remoter future!” As I enter this
slaughter-house that scene returns to me, and I hearken to the voice of
Cassandra ringing in my ears. A solemn and warning dread gathers round
me, as if I too were come to find a grave, and “the Net of Hades”
 had already entangled me in its web! What dark treasure-houses of
vicissitude and woe are our memories become! What our lives, but the
chronicles of unrelenting death! It seems to me as yesterday when I
stood in the streets of this city of the Gaul, as they shone with plumed
chivalry, and the air rustled with silken braveries. Young Louis, the
monarch and the lover, was victor of the Tournament at the Carousel; and
all France felt herself splendid in the splendour of her gorgeous chief!
Now there is neither throne nor altar; and what is in their stead? I
see it yonder--the GUILLOTINE! It is dismal to stand amidst the ruins
of mouldering cities, to startle the serpent and the lizard amidst
the wrecks of Persepolis and Thebes; but more dismal still to stand as
I--the stranger from Empires that have ceased to be--stand now amidst
the yet ghastlier ruins of Law and Order, the shattering of mankind
themselves! Yet here, even here, Love, the Beautifier, that hath led my
steps, can walk with unshrinking hope through the wilderness of Death.
Strange is the passion that makes a world in itself, that individualises
the One amidst the Multitude; that, through all the changes of my solemn
life, yet survives, though ambition and hate and anger are dead; the one
solitary angel, hovering over a universe of tombs on its two tremulous
and human wings,--Hope and Fear!

How is it, Mejnour, that, as my diviner art abandoned me,--as, in my
search for Viola, I was aided but by the ordinary instincts of the
merest mortal,--how is it that I have never desponded, that I have felt
in every difficulty the prevailing prescience that we should meet at
last? So cruelly was every vestige of her flight concealed from
me,--so suddenly, so secretly had she fled, that all the spies, all the
authorities of Venice, could give me no clew. All Italy I searched in
vain! Her young home at Naples!--how still, in its humble chambers,
there seemed to linger the fragrance of her presence! All the sublimest
secrets of our lore failed me,--failed to bring her soul visible to
mine; yet morning and night, thou lone and childless one, morning and
night, detached from myself, I can commune with my child! There in that
most blessed, typical, and mysterious of all relations, Nature herself
appears to supply what Science would refuse. Space cannot separate the
father’s watchful soul from the cradle of his first-born! I know not of
its resting-place and home,--my visions picture not the land,--only the
small and tender life to which all space is as yet the heritage! For to
the infant, before reason dawns,--before man’s bad passions can dim
the essence that it takes from the element it hath left, there is no
peculiar country, no native city, and no mortal language. Its soul as
yet is the denizen of all airs and of every world; and in space its
soul meets with mine,--the child communes with the father! Cruel and
forsaking one,--thou for whom I left the wisdom of the spheres;
thou whose fatal dower has been the weakness and terrors of
humanity,--couldst thou think that young soul less safe on earth because
I would lead it ever more up to heaven! Didst thou think that I could
have wronged mine own? Didst thou not know that in its serenest eyes the
life that I gave it spoke to warn, to upbraid the mother who would bind
it to the darkness and pangs of the prison-house of clay? Didst thou
not feel that it was I who, permitted by the Heavens, shielded it from
suffering and disease? And in its wondrous beauty, I blessed the holy
medium through which, at last, my spirit might confer with thine!

And how have I tracked them hither? I learned that thy pupil had been at
Venice. I could not trace the young and gentle neophyte of Parthenope in
the description of the haggard and savage visitor who had come to Viola
before she fled; but when I would have summoned his IDEA before me, it
refused to obey; and I knew then that his fate had become entwined with
Viola’s. I have tracked him, then, to this Lazar House. I arrived but
yesterday; I have not yet discovered him.


I have just returned from their courts of justice,--dens where tigers
arraign their prey. I find not whom I would seek. They are saved as
yet; but I recognise in the crimes of mortals the dark wisdom of the
Everlasting. Mejnour, I see here, for the first time, how majestic and
beauteous a thing is death! Of what sublime virtues we robbed ourselves,
when, in the thirst for virtue, we attained the art by which we can
refuse to die! When in some happy clime, where to breathe is to enjoy,
the charnel-house swallows up the young and fair; when in the noble
pursuit of knowledge, Death comes to the student, and shuts out the
enchanted land which was opening to his gaze,--how natural for us to
desire to live; how natural to make perpetual life the first object of
research! But here, from my tower of time, looking over the darksome
past, and into the starry future, I learn how great hearts feel what
sweetness and glory there is to die for the things they love! I saw
a father sacrificing himself for his son; he was subjected to charges
which a word of his could dispel,--he was mistaken for his boy. With
what joy he seized the error, confessed the noble crimes of valour
and fidelity which the son had indeed committed, and went to the doom,
exulting that his death saved the life he had given, not in vain! I saw
women, young, delicate, in the bloom of their beauty; they had vowed
themselves to the cloister. Hands smeared with the blood of saints
opened the gate that had shut them from the world, and bade them go
forth, forget their vows, forswear the Divine one these demons would
depose, find lovers and helpmates, and be free. And some of these young
hearts had loved, and even, though in struggles, loved yet. Did they
forswear the vow? Did they abandon the faith? Did even love allure them?
Mejnour, with one voice, they preferred to die. And whence comes this
NOTHING DIVINER THAN OURSELVES. Yes, even amidst this gory butcherdom,
God, the Ever-living, vindicates to man the sanctity of His servant,


Again I have seen thee in spirit; I have seen and blessed thee, my sweet
child! Dost thou not know me also in thy dreams? Dost thou not feel the
beating of my heart through the veil of thy rosy slumbers? Dost thou
not hear the wings of the brighter beings that I yet can conjure around
thee, to watch, to nourish, and to save? And when the spell fades at thy
waking, when thine eyes open to the day, will they not look round for
me, and ask thy mother, with their mute eloquence, “Why she has robbed
thee of a father?”

Woman, dost thou not repent thee? Flying from imaginary fears, hast
thou not come to the very lair of terror, where Danger sits visible
and incarnate? Oh, if we could but meet, wouldst thou not fall upon the
bosom thou hast so wronged, and feel, poor wanderer amidst the storms,
as if thou hadst regained the shelter? Mejnour, still my researches
fail me. I mingle with all men, even their judges and their spies, but
I cannot yet gain the clew. I know that she is here. I know it by an
instinct; the breath of my child seems warmer and more familiar.

They peer at me with venomous looks, as I pass through their streets.
With a glance I disarm their malice, and fascinate the basilisks.
Everywhere I see the track and scent the presence of the Ghostly One
that dwells on the Threshold, and whose victims are the souls that would
ASPIRE, and can only FEAR. I see its dim shapelessness going before the
men of blood, and marshalling their way. Robespierre passed me with his
furtive step. Those eyes of horror were gnawing into his heart. I looked
down upon their senate; the grim Phantom sat cowering on its floor.
It hath taken up its abode in the city of Dread. And what in truth
are these would-be builders of a new world? Like the students who have
vainly struggled after our supreme science, they have attempted what is
beyond their power; they have passed from this solid earth of usages and
forms into the land of shadow, and its loathsome keeper has seized them
as its prey. I looked into the tyrant’s shuddering soul, as it trembled
past me. There, amidst the ruins of a thousand systems which aimed at
virtue, sat Crime, and shivered at its desolation. Yet this man is the
only Thinker, the only Aspirant, amongst them all. He still looks for
a future of peace and mercy, to begin,--ay! at what date? When he has
swept away every foe. Fool! new foes spring from every drop of blood.
Led by the eyes of the Unutterable, he is walking to his doom.

O Viola, thy innocence protects thee! Thou whom the sweet humanities
of love shut out even from the dreams of aerial and spiritual beauty,
making thy heart a universe of visions fairer than the wanderer over the
rosy Hesperus can survey,--shall not the same pure affection encompass
thee, even here, with a charmed atmosphere, and terror itself fall
harmless on a life too innocent for wisdom?


     Ombra piu che di notte, in cui di luce
     Raggio misto non e;


     Ne piu il palagio appar, ne piu le sue
     Vestigia; ne dir puossi--egli qui fue.
     --“Ger. Lib.”, canto xvi.-lxix.

     (Darkness greater than of night, in which not a ray of light is
     mixed;...The palace appears no more:  not even a vestige,--nor
     can one say that it has been.)

The clubs are noisy with clamorous frenzy; the leaders are grim with
schemes. Black Henriot flies here and there, muttering to his armed
troops, “Robespierre, your beloved, is in danger!” Robespierre stalks
perturbed, his list of victims swelling every hour. Tallien, the Macduff
to the doomed Macbeth, is whispering courage to his pale conspirators.
Along the streets heavily roll the tumbrils. The shops are closed,--the
people are gorged with gore, and will lap no more. And night after
night, to the eighty theatres flock the children of the Revolution, to
laugh at the quips of comedy, and weep gentle tears over imaginary woes!

In a small chamber, in the heart of the city, sits the mother, watching
over her child. It is quiet, happy noon; the sunlight, broken by the
tall roofs in the narrow street, comes yet through the open casement,
the impartial playfellow of the air, gleesome alike in temple and
prison, hall and hovel; as golden and as blithe, whether it laugh over
the first hour of life, or quiver in its gay delight on the terror
and agony of the last! The child, where it lay at the feet of Viola,
stretched out its dimpled hands as if to clasp the dancing motes that
revelled in the beam. The mother turned her eyes from the glory; it
saddened her yet more. She turned and sighed.

Is this the same Viola who bloomed fairer than their own Idalia under
the skies of Greece? How changed! How pale and worn! She sat listlessly,
her arms dropping on her knee; the smile that was habitual to her lips
was gone. A heavy, dull despondency, as if the life of life were no
more, seemed to weigh down her youth, and make it weary of that happy
sun! In truth, her existence had languished away since it had wandered,
as some melancholy stream, from the source that fed it. The sudden
enthusiasm of fear or superstition that had almost, as if still in the
unconscious movements of a dream, led her to fly from Zanoni, had ceased
from the day which dawned upon her in a foreign land. Then--there--she
felt that in the smile she had evermore abandoned lived her life. She
did not repent,--she would not have recalled the impulse that winged her
flight. Though the enthusiasm was gone, the superstition yet remained;
she still believed she had saved her child from that dark and guilty
sorcery, concerning which the traditions of all lands are prodigal, but
in none do they find such credulity, or excite such dread, as in
the South of Italy. This impression was confirmed by the mysterious
conversations of Glyndon, and by her own perception of the fearful
change that had passed over one who represented himself as the victim
of the enchanters. She did not, therefore, repent; but her very volition
seemed gone.

On their arrival at Paris, Viola saw her companion--the faithful
wife--no more. Ere three weeks were passed, husband and wife had ceased
to live.

And now, for the first time, the drudgeries of this hard earth claimed
the beautiful Neapolitan. In that profession, giving voice and shape to
poetry and song, in which her first years were passed, there is, while
it lasts, an excitement in the art that lifts it from the labour of a
calling. Hovering between two lives, the Real and Ideal, dwells the life
of music and the stage. But that life was lost evermore to the idol of
the eyes and ears of Naples. Lifted to the higher realm of passionate
love, it seemed as if the fictitious genius which represents the
thoughts of others was merged in the genius that grows all thought
itself. It had been the worst infidelity to the Lost, to have descended
again to live on the applause of others. And so--for she would not
accept alms from Glyndon--so, by the commonest arts, the humblest
industry which the sex knows, alone and unseen, she who had slept on the
breast of Zanoni found a shelter for their child. As when, in the
noble verse prefixed to this chapter, Armida herself has destroyed her
enchanted palace,--not a vestige of that bower, raised of old by Poetry
and Love, remained to say, “It had been!”

And the child avenged the father; it bloomed, it thrived,--it waxed
strong in the light of life. But still it seemed haunted and preserved
by some other being than her own. In its sleep there was that slumber,
so deep and rigid, which a thunderbolt could not have disturbed; and
in such sleep often it moved its arms, as to embrace the air: often its
lips stirred with murmured sounds of indistinct affection,--NOT FOR HER;
and all the while upon its cheeks a hue of such celestial bloom, upon
its lips a smile of such mysterious joy! Then, when it waked, its eyes
did not turn first to HER,--wistful, earnest, wandering, they roved
around, to fix on her pale face, at last, in mute sorrow and reproach.

Never had Viola felt before how mighty was her love for Zanoni; how
thought, feeling, heart, soul, life,--all lay crushed and dormant in
the icy absence to which she had doomed herself! She heard not the
roar without, she felt not one amidst those stormy millions,--worlds
of excitement labouring through every hour. Only when Glyndon, haggard,
wan, and spectre-like, glided in, day after day, to visit her, did the
fair daughter of the careless South know how heavy and universal was
the Death-Air that girt her round. Sublime in her passive
unconsciousness,--her mechanic life,--she sat, and feared not, in the
den of the Beasts of Prey.

The door of the room opened abruptly, and Glyndon entered. His manner
was more agitated than usual.

“Is it you, Clarence?” she said in her soft, languid tones. “You are
before the hour I expected you.”

“Who can count on his hours at Paris?” returned Glyndon, with a
frightful smile. “Is it not enough that I am here! Your apathy in the
midst of these sorrows appalls me. You say calmly, ‘Farewell;’ calmly
you bid me, ‘Welcome!’--as if in every corner there was not a spy, and
as if with every day there was not a massacre!”

“Pardon me! But in these walls lies my world. I can hardly credit all
the tales you tell me. Everything here, save THAT,” and she pointed
to the infant, “seems already so lifeless, that in the tomb itself one
could scarcely less heed the crimes that are done without.”

Glyndon paused for a few moments, and gazed with strange and mingled
feelings upon that face and form, still so young, and yet so invested
with that saddest of all repose,--when the heart feels old.

“O Viola,” said he, at last, and in a voice of suppressed passion, “was
it thus I ever thought to see you,--ever thought to feel for you, when
we two first met in the gay haunts of Naples? Ah, why then did you
refuse my love; or why was mine not worthy of you? Nay, shrink not!--let
me touch your hand. No passion so sweet as that youthful love can return
to me again. I feel for you but as a brother for some younger and lonely
sister. With you, in your presence, sad though it be, I seem to breathe
back the purer air of my early life. Here alone, except in scenes of
turbulence and tempest, the Phantom ceases to pursue me. I forget even
the Death that stalks behind, and haunts me as my shadow. But better
days may be in store for us yet. Viola, I at last begin dimly to
perceive how to baffle and subdue the Phantom that has cursed my
life,--it is to brave, and defy it. In sin and in riot, as I have told
thee, it haunts me not. But I comprehend now what Mejnour said in his
dark apothegms, ‘that I should dread the spectre most WHEN UNSEEN.’ In
virtuous and calm resolution it appears,--ay, I behold it now; there,
there, with its livid eyes!”--and the drops fell from his brow. “But
it shall no longer daunt me from that resolution. I face it, and it
gradually darkens back into the shade.” He paused, and his eyes dwelt
with a terrible exultation upon the sunlit space; then, with a heavy and
deep-drawn breath, he resumed, “Viola, I have found the means of escape.
We will leave this city. In some other land we will endeavour to comfort
each other, and forget the past.”

“No,” said Viola, calmly; “I have no further wish to stir, till I am
born hence to the last resting-place. I dreamed of him last night,
Clarence!--dreamed of him for the first time since we parted; and,
do not mock me, methought that he forgave the deserter, and called me
‘Wife.’ That dream hallows the room. Perhaps it will visit me again
before I die.”

“Talk not of him,--of the demi-fiend!” cried Glyndon, fiercely, and
stamping his foot. “Thank the Heavens for any fate that hath rescued
thee from him!”

“Hush!” said Viola, gravely. And as she was about to proceed, her eye
fell upon the child. It was standing in the very centre of that slanting
column of light which the sun poured into the chamber; and the rays
seemed to surround it as a halo, and settled, crown-like, on the gold
of its shining hair. In its small shape, so exquisitely modelled, in its
large, steady, tranquil eyes, there was something that awed, while it
charmed the mother’s pride. It gazed on Glyndon as he spoke, with a
look which almost might have seemed disdain, and which Viola, at least,
interpreted as a defence of the Absent, stronger than her own lips could

Glyndon broke the pause.

“Thou wouldst stay, for what? To betray a mother’s duty! If any evil
happen to thee here, what becomes of thine infant? Shall it be brought
up an orphan, in a country that has desecrated thy religion, and where
human charity exists no more? Ah, weep, and clasp it to thy bosom; but
tears do not protect and save.”

“Thou hast conquered, my friend, I will fly with thee.”

“To-morrow night, then, be prepared. I will bring thee the necessary

And Glyndon then proceeded to sketch rapidly the outline of the path
they were to take, and the story they were to tell. Viola listened, but
scarcely comprehended; he pressed her hand to his heart and departed.


     Van seco pur anco
     Sdegno ed Amor, quasi due Veltri al fianco.
     “Ger. Lib.” cant. xx. cxvii.

     (There went with him still Disdain and Love, like two greyhounds
     side by side.)

Glyndon did not perceive, as he hurried from the house, two forms
crouching by the angle of the wall. He saw still the spectre gliding by
his side; but he beheld not the yet more poisonous eyes of human envy
and woman’s jealousy that glared on his retreating footsteps.

Nicot advanced to the house; Fillide followed him in silence. The
painter, an old sans-culotte, knew well what language to assume to the
porter. He beckoned the latter from his lodge, “How is this, citizen?
Thou harbourest a ‘suspect.’”

“Citizen, you terrify me!--if so, name him.”

“It is not a man; a refugee, an Italian woman, lodges here.”

“Yes, au troisieme,--the door to the left. But what of her?--she cannot
be dangerous, poor child!”

“Citizen, beware! Dost thou dare to pity her?”

“I? No, no, indeed. But--”

“Speak the truth! Who visits her?”

“No one but an Englishman.”

“That is it,--an Englishman, a spy of Pitt and Coburg.”

“Just Heaven! is it possible?”

“How, citizen! dost thou speak of Heaven? Thou must be an aristocrat!”

“No, indeed; it was but an old bad habit, and escaped me unawares.”

“How often does the Englishman visit her?”


Fillide uttered an exclamation.

“She never stirs out,” said the porter. “Her sole occupations are in
work, and care of her infant.”

“Her infant!”

Fillide made a bound forward. Nicot in vain endeavoured to arrest her.
She sprang up the stairs; she paused not till she was before the door
indicated by the porter; it stood ajar, she entered, she stood at the
threshold, and beheld that face, still so lovely! The sight of so much
beauty left her hopeless. And the child, over whom the mother bent!--she
who had never been a mother!--she uttered no sound; the furies were at
work within her breast. Viola turned, and saw her, and, terrified by the
strange apparition, with features that expressed the deadliest hate and
scorn and vengeance, uttered a cry, and snatched the child to her bosom.
The Italian laughed aloud,--turned, descended, and, gaining the spot
where Nicot still conversed with the frightened porter drew him from the
house. When they were in the open street, she halted abruptly, and said,
“Avenge me, and name thy price!”

“My price, sweet one! is but permission to love thee. Thou wilt fly with
me to-morrow night; thou wilt possess thyself of the passports and the

“And they--”

“Shall, before then, find their asylum in the Conciergerie. The
guillotine shall requite thy wrongs.”

“Do this, and I am satisfied,” said Fillide, firmly.

And they spoke no more till they regained the house. But when she there,
looking up to the dull building, saw the windows of the room which the
belief of Glyndon’s love had once made a paradise, the tiger relented at
the heart; something of the woman gushed back upon her nature, dark and
savage as it was. She pressed the arm on which she leaned convulsively,
and exclaimed, “No, no! not him! denounce her,--let her perish; but I
have slept on HIS bosom,--not HIM!”

“It shall be as thou wilt,” said Nicot, with a devil’s sneer; “but he
must be arrested for the moment. No harm shall happen to him, for no
accuser shall appear. But her,--thou wilt not relent for her?”

Fillide turned upon him her eyes, and their dark glance was sufficient


     In poppa quella
     Che guidar gli dovea, fatal Donsella.
     “Ger. Lib.” cant. xv. 3.

     (By the prow was the fatal lady ordained to be the guide.)

The Italian did not overrate that craft of simulation proverbial with
her country and her sex. Not a word, not a look, that day revealed to
Glyndon the deadly change that had converted devotion into hate. He
himself, indeed, absorbed in his own schemes, and in reflections on his
own strange destiny, was no nice observer. But her manner, milder
and more subdued than usual, produced a softening effect upon his
meditations towards the evening; and he then began to converse with her
on the certain hope of escape, and on the future that would await them
in less unhallowed lands.

“And thy fair friend,” said Fillide, with an averted eye and a false
smile, “who was to be our companion?--thou hast resigned her, Nicot
tells me, in favour of one in whom he is interested. Is it so?”

“He told thee this!” returned Glyndon, evasively. “Well! does the change
content thee?”

“Traitor!” muttered Fillide; and she rose suddenly, approached him,
parted the long hair from his forehead caressingly, and pressed her lips
convulsively on his brow.

“This were too fair a head for the doomsman,” said she, with a slight
laugh, and, turning away, appeared occupied in preparations for their

The next morning, when he rose, Glyndon did not see the Italian; she was
absent from the house when he left it. It was necessary that he should
once more visit C-- before his final Departure, not only to arrange for
Nicot’s participation in the flight, but lest any suspicion should have
arisen to thwart or endanger the plan he had adopted. C--, though not
one of the immediate coterie of Robespierre, and indeed secretly hostile
to him, had possessed the art of keeping well with each faction as
it rose to power. Sprung from the dregs of the populace, he had,
nevertheless, the grace and vivacity so often found impartially amongst
every class in France. He had contrived to enrich himself--none knew
how--in the course of his rapid career. He became, indeed, ultimately
one of the wealthiest proprietors of Paris, and at that time kept a
splendid and hospitable mansion. He was one of those whom, from various
reasons, Robespierre deigned to favour; and he had often saved the
proscribed and suspected, by procuring them passports under disguised
names, and advising their method of escape. But C-- was a man who took
this trouble only for the rich. “The incorruptible Maximilien,” who did
not want the tyrant’s faculty of penetration, probably saw through all
his manoeuvres, and the avarice which he cloaked beneath his charity.
But it was noticeable that Robespierre frequently seemed to wink
at--nay, partially to encourage--such vice in men whom he meant
hereafter to destroy, as would tend to lower them in the public
estimation, and to contrast with his own austere and unassailable
integrity and PURISM. And, doubtless, he often grimly smiled in his
sleeve at the sumptuous mansion and the griping covetousness of the
worthy Citizen C--.

To this personage, then, Glyndon musingly bent his way. It was true, as
he had darkly said to Viola, that in proportion as he had resisted the
spectre, its terrors had lost their influence. The time had come at
last, when, seeing crime and vice in all their hideousness, and in so
vast a theatre, he had found that in vice and crime there are deadlier
horrors than in the eyes of a phantom-fear. His native nobleness began
to return to him. As he passed the streets, he revolved in his mind
projects of future repentance and reformation. He even meditated, as a
just return for Fillide’s devotion, the sacrifice of all the reasonings
of his birth and education. He would repair whatever errors he had
committed against her, by the self-immolation of marriage with one
little congenial with himself. He who had once revolted from marriage
with the noble and gentle Viola!--he had learned in that world of wrong
to know that right is right, and that Heaven did not make the one sex to
be the victim of the other. The young visions of the Beautiful and the
Good rose once more before him; and along the dark ocean of his mind lay
the smile of reawakening virtue, as a path of moonlight. Never, perhaps,
had the condition of his soul been so elevated and unselfish.

In the meanwhile Jean Nicot, equally absorbed in dreams of the future,
and already in his own mind laying out to the best advantage the gold of
the friend he was about to betray, took his way to the house honoured
by the residence of Robespierre. He had no intention to comply with the
relenting prayer of Fillide, that the life of Glyndon should be spared.
He thought with Barrere, “Il n’y a que les morts qui ne revient pas.”
 In all men who have devoted themselves to any study, or any art, with
sufficient pains to attain a certain degree of excellence, there must be
a fund of energy immeasurably above that of the ordinary herd. Usually
this energy is concentrated on the objects of their professional
ambition, and leaves them, therefore, apathetic to the other pursuits
of men. But where those objects are denied, where the stream has not its
legitimate vent, the energy, irritated and aroused, possesses the whole
being, and if not wasted on desultory schemes, or if not purified by
conscience and principle, becomes a dangerous and destructive element in
the social system, through which it wanders in riot and disorder. Hence,
in all wise monarchies,--nay, in all well-constituted states,--the
peculiar care with which channels are opened for every art and every
science; hence the honour paid to their cultivators by subtle and
thoughtful statesmen, who, perhaps, for themselves, see nothing in a
picture but coloured canvas,--nothing in a problem but an ingenious
puzzle. No state is ever more in danger than when the talent that should
be consecrated to peace has no occupation but political intrigue or
personal advancement. Talent unhonoured is talent at war with men. And
here it is noticeable, that the class of actors having been the most
degraded by the public opinion of the old regime, their very dust
deprived of Christian burial, no men (with certain exceptions in the
company especially favoured by the Court) were more relentless and
revengeful among the scourges of the Revolution. In the savage Collot
d’Herbois, mauvais comedien, were embodied the wrongs and the vengeance
of a class.

Now the energy of Jean Nicot had never been sufficiently directed to
the art he professed. Even in his earliest youth, the political
disquisitions of his master, David, had distracted him from the more
tedious labours of the easel. The defects of his person had embittered
his mind; the atheism of his benefactor had deadened his conscience.
For one great excellence of religion--above all, the Religion of the
Cross--is, that it raises PATIENCE first into a virtue, and next into a
hope. Take away the doctrine of another life, of requital hereafter, of
the smile of a Father upon our sufferings and trials in our ordeal here,
and what becomes of patience? But without patience, what is man?--and
what a people? Without patience, art never can be high; without
patience, liberty never can be perfected. By wild throes, and impetuous,
aimless struggles, Intellect seeks to soar from Penury, and a nation
to struggle into Freedom. And woe, thus unfortified, guideless, and
unenduring,--woe to both!

Nicot was a villain as a boy. In most criminals, however abandoned,
there are touches of humanity,--relics of virtue; and the true
delineator of mankind often incurs the taunt of bad hearts and dull
minds, for showing that even the worst alloy has some particles of gold,
and even the best that come stamped from the mint of Nature have some
adulteration of the dross. But there are exceptions, though few, to the
general rule,--exceptions, when the conscience lies utterly dead, and
when good or bad are things indifferent but as means to some selfish
end. So was it with the protege of the atheist. Envy and hate filled up
his whole being, and the consciousness of superior talent only made him
curse the more all who passed him in the sunlight with a fairer form or
happier fortunes. But, monster though he was, when his murderous fingers
griped the throat of his benefactor, Time, and that ferment of all evil
passions--the Reign of Blood--had made in the deep hell of his heart a
deeper still. Unable to exercise his calling (for even had he dared to
make his name prominent, revolutions are no season for painters; and no
man--no! not the richest and proudest magnate of the land, has so great
an interest in peace and order, has so high and essential a stake in the
well being of society, as the poet and the artist), his whole intellect,
ever restless and unguided, was left to ponder over the images of guilt
most congenial to it. He had no future but in this life; and how in this
life had the men of power around him, the great wrestlers for dominion,
thriven? All that was good, pure, unselfish,--whether among Royalists or
Republicans,--swept to the shambles, and the deathsmen left alone in the
pomp and purple of their victims! Nobler paupers than Jean Nicot would
despair; and Poverty would rise in its ghastly multitudes to cut the
throat of Wealth, and then gash itself limb by limb, if Patience, the
Angel of the Poor, sat not by its side, pointing with solemn finger to
the life to come! And now, as Nicot neared the house of the Dictator, he
began to meditate a reversal of his plans of the previous day: not
that he faltered in his resolution to denounce Glyndon, and Viola would
necessarily share his fate, as a companion and accomplice,--no, THERE
he was resolved! for he hated both (to say nothing of his old but
never-to-be-forgotten grudge against Zanoni). Viola had scorned him,
Glyndon had served, and the thought of gratitude was as intolerable
to him as the memory of insult. But why, now, should he fly from
France?--he could possess himself of Glyndon’s gold; he doubted not
that he could so master Fillide by her wrath and jealousy that he
could command her acquiescence in all he proposed. The papers he had
purloined--Desmoulins’ correspondence with Glyndon--while it insured the
fate of the latter, might be eminently serviceable to Robespierre, might
induce the tyrant to forget his own old liaisons with Hebert, and
enlist him among the allies and tools of the King of Terror. Hopes
of advancement, of wealth, of a career, again rose before him. This
correspondence, dated shortly before Camille Desmoulins’ death, was
written with that careless and daring imprudence which characterised the
spoiled child of Danton. It spoke openly of designs against Robespierre;
it named confederates whom the tyrant desired only a popular pretext
to crush. It was a new instrument of death in the hands of the
Death-compeller. What greater gift could he bestow on Maximilien the

Nursing these thoughts, he arrived at last before the door of Citizen
Dupleix. Around the threshold were grouped, in admired confusion,
some eight or ten sturdy Jacobins, the voluntary body-guard of
Robespierre,--tall fellows, well armed, and insolent with the power that
reflects power, mingled with women, young and fair, and gayly dressed,
who had come, upon the rumour that Maximilien had had an attack of bile,
to inquire tenderly of his health; for Robespierre, strange though it
seem, was the idol of the sex!

Through this cortege stationed without the door, and reaching up the
stairs to the landing-place,--for Robespierre’s apartments were not
spacious enough to afford sufficient antechamber for levees so numerous
and miscellaneous,--Nicot forced his way; and far from friendly or
flattering were the expressions that regaled his ears.

“Aha, le joli Polichinelle!” said a comely matron, whose robe his
obtrusive and angular elbows cruelly discomposed. “But how could one
expect gallantry from such a scarecrow!”

“Citizen, I beg to advise thee (The courteous use of the plural was
proscribed at Paris. The Societies Populaires had decided that whoever
used it should be prosecuted as suspect et adulateur! At the door of
the public administrations and popular societies was written up, “Ici on
s’honore du Citoyen, et on se tutoye”!!! (“Here they respect the title
of Citizen, and they ‘thee’ and ‘thou’ one another.”) Take away Murder
from the French Revolution and it becomes the greatest farce ever played
before the angels!) that thou art treading on my feet. I beg thy pardon,
but now I look at thine, I see the hall is not wide enough for them.”

“Ho! Citizen Nicot,” cried a Jacobin, shouldering his formidable
bludgeon, “and what brings thee hither?--thinkest thou that Hebert’s
crimes are forgotten already? Off, sport of Nature! and thank the Etre
Supreme that he made thee insignificant enough to be forgiven.”

“A pretty face to look out of the National Window” (The Guillotine.),
said the woman whose robe the painter had ruffled.

“Citizens,” said Nicot, white with passion, but constraining himself so
that his words seemed to come from grinded teeth, “I have the honour
to inform you that I seek the Representant upon business of the
utmost importance to the public and himself; and,” he added slowly and
malignantly, glaring round, “I call all good citizens to be my witnesses
when I shall complain to Robespierre of the reception bestowed on me by
some amongst you.”

There was in the man’s look and his tone of voice so much of deep
and concentrated malignity, that the idlers drew back, and as the
remembrance of the sudden ups and downs of revolutionary life occurred
to them, several voices were lifted to assure the squalid and ragged
painter that nothing was farther from their thoughts than to offer
affront to a citizen whose very appearance proved him to be an exemplary
sans-culotte. Nicot received these apologies in sullen silence, and,
folding his arms, leaned against the wall, waiting in grim patience for
his admission.

The loiterers talked to each other in separate knots of two and three;
and through the general hum rang the clear, loud, careless whistle of
the tall Jacobin who stood guard by the stairs. Next to Nicot, an old
woman and a young virgin were muttering in earnest whispers, and the
atheist painter chuckled inly to overhear their discourse.

“I assure thee, my dear,” said the crone, with a mysterious shake of
head, “that the divine Catherine Theot, whom the impious now persecute,
is really inspired. There can be no doubt that the elect, of whom Dom
Gerle and the virtuous Robespierre are destined to be the two grand
prophets, will enjoy eternal life here, and exterminate all their
enemies. There is no doubt of it,--not the least!”

“How delightful!” said the girl; “ce cher Robespierre!--he does not look
very long-lived either!”

“The greater the miracle,” said the old woman. “I am just eighty-one,
and I don’t feel a day older since Catherine Theot promised me I should
be one of the elect!”

Here the women were jostled aside by some newcomers, who talked loud and

“Yes,” cried a brawny man, whose garb denoted him to be a butcher,
with bare arms, and a cap of liberty on his head; “I am come to warn
Robespierre. They lay a snare for him; they offer him the Palais
National. ‘On ne peut etre ami du peuple et habiter un palais.’” (“No
one can be a friend of the people, and dwell in a palace.”--“Papiers
inedits trouves chez Robespierre,” etc., volume ii. page 132.)

“No, indeed,” answered a cordonnier; “I like him best in his little
lodging with the menuisier: it looks like one of US.”

Another rush of the crowd, and a new group were thrown forward in the
vicinity of Nicot. And these men gabbled and chattered faster and louder
than the rest.

“But my plan is--”

“Au diable with YOUR plan! I tell you MY scheme is--”

“Nonsense!” cried a third. “When Robespierre understands MY new method
of making gunpowder, the enemies of France shall--”

“Bah! who fears foreign enemies?” interrupted a fourth; “the enemies
to be feared are at home. MY new guillotine takes off fifty heads at a

“But MY new Constitution!” exclaimed a fifth.

“MY new Religion, citizen!” murmured, complacently, a sixth.

“Sacre mille tonnerres, silence!” roared forth one of the Jacobin guard.

And the crowd suddenly parted as a fierce-looking man, buttoned up to
the chin, his sword rattling by his side, his spurs clinking at
his heel, descended the stairs,--his cheeks swollen and purple with
intemperance, his eyes dead and savage as a vulture’s. There was a still
pause, as all, with pale cheeks, made way for the relentless Henriot.
(Or H_a_nriot. It is singular how undetermined are not only the
characters of the French Revolution, but even the spelling of their
names. With the historians it is Vergniau_d_,--with the journalists of
the time it is Vorgniau_x_. With one authority it is Robespierre,--with
another Robe_r_spierre.) Scarce had this gruff and iron minion of the
tyrant stalked through the throng, than a new movement of respect and
agitation and fear swayed the increasing crowd, as there glided in, with
the noiselessness of a shadow, a smiling, sober citizen, plainly but
neatly clad, with a downcast humble eye. A milder, meeker face no
pastoral poet could assign to Corydon or Thyrsis,--why did the crowd
shrink and hold their breath? As the ferret in a burrow crept that
slight form amongst the larger and rougher creatures that huddled and
pressed back on each other as he passed. A wink of his stealthy eye, and
the huge Jacobins left the passage clear, without sound or question. On
he went to the apartment of the tyrant, and thither will we follow him.


     Constitutum est, ut quisquis eum HOMINEM dixisset fuisse,
     capitalem penderet poenam.
     --St. Augustine, “Of the God Serapis,” l. 18, “de Civ. Dei,” c. 5.

     (It was decreed, that whoso should say that he had been a MAN,
     should suffer the punishment of a capital offence.)

Robespierre was reclining languidly in his fauteuil, his cadaverous
countenance more jaded and fatigued than usual. He to whom Catherine
Theot assured immortal life, looked, indeed, like a man at death’s door.
On the table before him was a dish heaped with oranges, with the juice
of which it is said that he could alone assuage the acrid bile that
overflowed his system; and an old woman, richly dressed (she had been a
Marquise in the old regime) was employed in peeling the Hesperian fruits
for the sick Dragon, with delicate fingers covered with jewels. I
have before said that Robespierre was the idol of the women. Strange
certainly!--but then they were French women! The old Marquise, who, like
Catherine Theot, called him “son,” really seemed to love him piously and
disinterestedly as a mother; and as she peeled the oranges, and heaped
on him the most caressing and soothing expressions, the livid ghost of a
smile fluttered about his meagre lips. At a distance, Payan and Couthon,
seated at another table, were writing rapidly, and occasionally pausing
from their work to consult with each other in brief whispers.

Suddenly one of the Jacobins opened the door, and, approaching
Robespierre, whispered to him the name of Guerin. (See for the espionage
on which Guerin was employed, “Les Papiers inedits,” etc., volume i.
page 366, No. xxviii.) At that word the sick man started up, as if new
life were in the sound.

“My kind friend,” he said to the Marquise, “forgive me; I must dispense
with thy tender cares. France demands me. I am never ill when I can
serve my country!”

The old Marquise lifted up her eyes to heaven and murmured, “Quel ange!”

Robespierre waved his hand impatiently; and the old woman, with a sigh,
patted his pale cheek, kissed his forehead, and submissively withdrew.
The next moment, the smiling, sober man we have before described, stood,
bending low, before the tyrant. And well might Robespierre welcome one
of the subtlest agents of his power,--one on whom he relied more than
the clubs of his Jacobins, the tongues of his orators, the bayonets of
his armies; Guerin, the most renowned of his ecouteurs,--the searching,
prying, universal, omnipresent spy, who glided like a sunbeam through
chink and crevice, and brought to him intelligence not only of the
deeds, but the hearts of men!

“Well, citizen, well!--and what of Tallien?”

“This morning, early, two minutes after eight, he went out.”

“So early?--hem!”

“He passed Rue des Quatre Fils, Rue de Temple, Rue de la Reunion, au
Marais, Rue Martin; nothing observable, except that--”

“That what?”

“He amused himself at a stall in bargaining for some books.”

“Bargaining for books! Aha, the charlatan!--he would cloak the
intriguant under the savant! Well!”

“At last, in the Rue des Fosses Montmartre, an individual in a blue
surtout (unknown) accosted him. They walked together about the street
some minutes, and were joined by Legendre.”

“Legendre! approach, Payan! Legendre, thou hearest!”

“I went into a fruit-stall, and hired two little girls to go and play
at ball within hearing. They heard Legendre say, ‘I believe his power is
wearing itself out.’ And Tallien answered, ‘And HIMSELF too. I would not
give three months’ purchase for his life.’ I do not know, citizen, if
they meant THEE?”

“Nor I, citizen,” answered Robespierre, with a fell smile, succeeded by
an expression of gloomy thought. “Ha!” he muttered; “I am young yet,--in
the prime of life. I commit no excess. No; my constitution is sound,
sound. Anything farther of Tallien?”

“Yes. The woman whom he loves--Teresa de Fontenai--who lies in prison,
still continues to correspond with him; to urge him to save her by thy
destruction: this my listeners overheard. His servant is the messenger
between the prisoner and himself.”

“So! The servant shall be seized in the open streets of Paris. The Reign
of Terror is not over yet. With the letters found on him, if such their
context, I will pluck Tallien from his benches in the Convention.”

Robespierre rose, and after walking a few moments to and fro the room
in thought, opened the door and summoned one of the Jacobins without.
To him he gave his orders for the watch and arrest of Tallien’s servant,
and then threw himself again into his chair. As the Jacobin departed,
Guerin whispered,--

“Is not that the Citizen Aristides?”

“Yes; a faithful fellow, if he would wash himself, and not swear so

“Didst thou not guillotine his brother?”

“But Aristides denounced him.”

“Nevertheless, are such men safe about thy person?”

“Humph! that is true.” And Robespierre, drawing out his pocketbook,
wrote a memorandum in it, replaced it in his vest, and resumed,--

“What else of Tallien?”

“Nothing more. He and Legendre, with the unknown, walked to the Jardin
Egalite, and there parted. I saw Tallien to his house. But I have
other news. Thou badest me watch for those who threaten thee in secret

“Guerin! hast thou detected them? Hast thou--hast thou--”

And the tyrant, as he spoke, opened and shut both his hands, as if
already grasping the lives of the writers, and one of those convulsive
grimaces that seemed like an epileptic affection, to which he was
subject, distorted his features.

“Citizen, I think I have found one. Thou must know that amongst those
most disaffected is the painter Nicot.”

“Stay, stay!” said Robespierre, opening a manuscript book, bound in red
morocco (for Robespierre was neat and precise, even in his death-lists),
and turning to an alphabetical index,--“Nicot!--I have him,--atheist,
sans-culotte (I hate slovens), friend of Hebert! Aha! N.B.--Rene Dumas
knows of his early career and crimes. Proceed!”

“This Nicot has been suspected of diffusing tracts and pamphlets against
thyself and the Comite. Yesterday evening, when he was out, his porter
admitted me into his apartment, Rue Beau Repaire. With my master-key I
opened his desk and escritoire. I found herein a drawing of thyself at
the guillotine; and underneath was written, ‘Bourreau de ton pays, lis
l’arret de ton chatiment!’ (Executioner of thy country, read the decree
of thy punishment!) I compared the words with the fragments of the
various letters thou gavest me: the handwriting tallies with one. See, I
tore off the writing.”

Robespierre looked, smiled, and, as if his vengeance were already
satisfied, threw himself on his chair. “It is well! I feared it was a
more powerful enemy. This man must be arrested at once.”

“And he waits below. I brushed by him as I ascended the stairs.”

“Does he so?--admit!--nay,--hold! hold! Guerin, withdraw into the
inner chamber till I summon thee again. Dear Payan, see that this Nicot
conceals no weapons.”

Payan, who was as brave as Robespierre was pusillanimous, repressed the
smile of disdain that quivered on his lips a moment, and left the room.

Meanwhile Robespierre, with his head buried in his bosom, seemed
plunged in deep thought. “Life is a melancholy thing, Couthon!” said he,

“Begging your pardon, I think death worse,” answered the philanthropist,

Robespierre made no rejoinder, but took from his portefeuille that
singular letter, which was found afterwards amongst his papers, and
is marked LXI. in the published collection. (“Papiers inedits,’ etc.,
volume ii. page 156.)

“Without doubt,” it began, “you are uneasy at not having earlier
received news from me. Be not alarmed; you know that I ought only to
reply by our ordinary courier; and as he has been interrupted, dans sa
derniere course, that is the cause of my delay. When you receive this,
employ all diligence to fly a theatre where you are about to appear
and disappear for the last time. It were idle to recall to you all the
reasons that expose you to peril. The last step that should place you
sur le sopha de la presidence, but brings you to the scaffold; and the
mob will spit on your face as it has spat on those whom you have
judged. Since, then, you have accumulated here a sufficient treasure for
existence, I await you with great impatience, to laugh with you at the
part you have played in the troubles of a nation as credulous as it is
avid of novelties. Take your part according to our arrangements,--all is
prepared. I conclude,--our courier waits. I expect your reply.”

Musingly and slowly the Dictator devoured the contents of this epistle.
“No,” he said to himself,--“no; he who has tasted power can no longer
enjoy repose. Yet, Danton, Danton! thou wert right; better to be a poor
fisherman than to govern men.” (“Il vaudrait mieux,” said Danton, in his
dungeon, “etre un pauvre pecheur que de gouverner les hommes.”)

The door opened, and Payan reappeared and whispered Robespierre, “All is
safe! See the man.”

The Dictator, satisfied, summoned his attendant Jacobin to conduct Nicot
to his presence. The painter entered with a fearless expression in his
deformed features, and stood erect before Robespierre, who scanned him
with a sidelong eye.

It is remarkable that most of the principal actors of the Revolution
were singularly hideous in appearance,--from the colossal ugliness of
Mirabeau and Danton, or the villanous ferocity in the countenances
of David and Simon, to the filthy squalor of Marat, the sinister and
bilious meanness of the Dictator’s features. But Robespierre, who was
said to resemble a cat, had also a cat’s cleanness; and his prim and
dainty dress, his shaven smoothness, the womanly whiteness of his
lean hands, made yet more remarkable the disorderly ruffianism that
characterised the attire and mien of the painter-sans-culotte.

“And so, citizen,” said Robespierre, mildly, “thou wouldst speak with
me? I know thy merits and civism have been overlooked too long. Thou
wouldst ask some suitable provision in the state? Scruple not--say on!”

“Virtuous Robespierre, toi qui eclaires l’univers (Thou who enlightenest
the world.), I come not to ask a favour, but to render service to the
state. I have discovered a correspondence that lays open a conspiracy of
which many of the actors are yet unsuspected.” And he placed the papers
on the table. Robespierre seized, and ran his eye over them rapidly and

“Good!--good!” he muttered to himself: “this is all I wanted. Barrere,
Legendre! I have them! Camille Desmoulins was but their dupe. I loved
him once; I never loved them! Citizen Nicot, I thank thee. I observe
these letters are addressed to an Englishman. What Frenchman but must
distrust these English wolves in sheep’s clothing! France wants no
longer citizens of the world; that farce ended with Anarcharsis Clootz.
I beg pardon, Citizen Nicot; but Clootz and Hebert were THY friends.”

“Nay,” said Nicot, apologetically, “we are all liable to be deceived. I
ceased to honour them whom thou didst declare against; for I disown my
own senses rather than thy justice.”

“Yes, I pretend to justice; that IS the virtue I affect,” said
Robespierre, meekly; and with his feline propensities he enjoyed, even
in that critical hour of vast schemes, of imminent danger, of meditated
revenge, the pleasure of playing with a solitary victim. (The most
detestable anecdote of this peculiar hypocrisy in Robespierre is that
in which he is recorded to have tenderly pressed the hand of his old
school-friend, Camille Desmoulins, the day that he signed the warrant
for his arrest.) “And my justice shall no longer be blind to thy
services, good Nicot. Thou knowest this Glyndon?”

“Yes, well,--intimately. He WAS my friend, but I would give up my
brother if he were one of the ‘indulgents.’ I am not ashamed to say that
I have received favours from this man.”

“Aha!--and thou dost honestly hold the doctrine that where a man
threatens my life all personal favours are to be forgotten?”


“Good citizen!--kind Nicot!--oblige me by writing the address of this

Nicot stooped to the table; and suddenly when the pen was in his hand, a
thought flashed across him, and he paused, embarrassed and confused.

“Write on, KIND Nicot!”

The painter slowly obeyed.

“Who are the other familiars of Glyndon?”

“It was on that point I was about to speak to thee, Representant,” said
Nicot. “He visits daily a woman, a foreigner, who knows all his secrets;
she affects to be poor, and to support her child by industry. But she is
the wife of an Italian of immense wealth, and there is no doubt that
she has moneys which are spent in corrupting the citizens. She should be
seized and arrested.”

“Write down her name also.”

“But no time is to be lost; for I know that both have a design to escape
from Paris this very night.”

“Our government is prompt, good Nicot,--never fear. Humph!--humph!” and
Robespierre took the paper on which Nicot had written, and stooping over
it--for he was near-sighted--added, smilingly, “Dost thou always write
the same hand, citizen? This seems almost like a disguised character.”

“I should not like them to know who denounced them, Representant.”

“Good! good! Thy virtue shall be rewarded, trust me. Salut et

Robespierre half rose as he spoke, and Nicot withdrew.

“Ho, there!--without!” cried the Dictator, ringing his bell; and as the
ready Jacobin attended the summons, “Follow that man, Jean Nicot. The
instant he has cleared the house seize him. At once to the Conciergerie
with him. Stay!--nothing against the law; there is thy warrant. The
public accuser shall have my instruction. Away!--quick!”

The Jacobin vanished. All trace of illness, of infirmity, had gone from
the valetudinarian; he stood erect on the floor, his face
twitching convulsively, and his arms folded. “Ho! Guerin!” the spy
reappeared--“take these addresses! Within an hour this Englishman and
his woman must be in prison; their revelations will aid me against
worthier foes. They shall die: they shall perish with the rest on the
10th,--the third day from this. There!” and he wrote hastily,--“there,
also, is thy warrant! Off!

“And now, Couthon, Payan, we will dally no longer with Tallien and his
crew. I have information that the Convention will NOT attend the Fete on
the 10th. We must trust only to the sword of the law. I must compose
my thoughts,--prepare my harangue. To-morrow, I will reappear at the
Convention; to-morrow, bold St. Just joins us, fresh from our victorious
armies; to-morrow, from the tribune, I will dart the thunderbolt on the
masked enemies of France; to-morrow, I will demand, in the face of the
country, the heads of the conspirators.”


     Le glaive est contre toi tourne de toutes parties.
     La Harpe, “Jeanne de Naples,” Act iv. sc. 4.

     (The sword is raised against you on all sides.)

In the mean time Glyndon, after an audience of some length with C--,
in which the final preparations were arranged, sanguine of safety,
and foreseeing no obstacle to escape, bent his way back to Fillide.
Suddenly, in the midst of his cheerful thoughts, he fancied he heard a
voice too well and too terribly recognised, hissing in his ear, “What!
thou wouldst defy and escape me! thou wouldst go back to virtue and
content. It is in vain,--it is too late. No, _I_ will not haunt thee;
HUMAN footsteps, no less inexorable, dog thee now. Me thou shalt not see
again till in the dungeon, at midnight, before thy doom! Behold--”

And Glyndon, mechanically turning his head, saw, close behind him, the
stealthy figure of a man whom he had observed before, but with little
heed, pass and repass him, as he quitted the house of Citizen C--.
Instantly and instinctively he knew that he was watched,--that he was
pursued. The street he was in was obscure and deserted, for the day was
oppressively sultry, and it was the hour when few were abroad, either
on business or pleasure. Bold as he was, an icy chill shot through his
heart, he knew too well the tremendous system that then reigned in Paris
not to be aware of his danger. As the sight of the first plague-boil to
the victim of the pestilence, was the first sight of the shadowy spy
to that of the Revolution: the watch, the arrest, the trial, the
guillotine,--these made the regular and rapid steps of the monster that
the anarchists called Law! He breathed hard, he heard distinctly the
loud beating of his heart. And so he paused, still and motionless,
gazing upon the shadow that halted also behind him.

Presently, the absence of all allies to the spy, the solitude of the
streets, reanimated his courage; he made a step towards his pursuer, who
retreated as he advanced. “Citizen, thou followest me,” he said. “Thy

“Surely,” answered the man, with a deprecating smile, “the streets are
broad enough for both? Thou art not so bad a republican as to arrogate
all Paris to thyself!”

“Go on first, then. I make way for thee.”

The man bowed, doffed his hat politely, and passed forward. The next
moment Glyndon plunged into a winding lane, and fled fast through a
labyrinth of streets, passages, and alleys. By degrees he composed
himself, and, looking behind, imagined that he had baffled the pursuer;
he then, by a circuitous route, bent his way once more to his home. As
he emerged into one of the broader streets, a passenger, wrapped in
a mantle, brushing so quickly by him that he did not observe his
countenance, whispered, “Clarence Glyndon, you are dogged,--follow
me!” and the stranger walked quickly before him. Clarence turned, and
sickened once more to see at his heels, with the same servile smile
on his face, the pursuer he fancied he had escaped. He forgot the
injunction of the stranger to follow him, and perceiving a crowd
gathered close at hand, round a caricature-shop, dived amidst them, and,
gaining another street, altered the direction he had before taken, and,
after a long and breathless course, gained without once more seeing the
spy, a distant quartier of the city.

Here, indeed, all seemed so serene and fair that his artist eye, even
in that imminent hour, rested with pleasure on the scene. It was a
comparatively broad space, formed by one of the noble quays. The Seine
flowed majestically along, with boats and craft resting on its surface.
The sun gilt a thousand spires and domes, and gleamed on the white
palaces of a fallen chivalry. Here fatigued and panting, he paused an
instant, and a cooler air from the river fanned his brow. “Awhile, at
least, I am safe here,” he murmured; and as he spoke, some thirty paces
behind him, he beheld the spy. He stood rooted to the spot; wearied and
spent as he was, escape seemed no longer possible,--the river on one
side (no bridge at hand), and the long row of mansions closing up the
other. As he halted, he heard laughter and obscene songs from a house a
little in his rear, between himself and the spy. It was a cafe fearfully
known in that quarter. Hither often resorted the black troop of
Henriot,--the minions and huissiers of Robespierre. The spy, then,
had hunted the victim within the jaws of the hounds. The man slowly
advanced, and, pausing before the open window of the cafe, put his head
through the aperture, as to address and summon forth its armed inmates.

At that very instant, and while the spy’s head was thus turned from him,
standing in the half-open gateway of the house immediately before
him, he perceived the stranger who had warned; the figure, scarcely
distinguishable through the mantle that wrapped it, motioned to him
to enter. He sprang noiselessly through the friendly opening: the door
closed; breathlessly he followed the stranger up a flight of broad
stairs and through a suite of empty rooms, until, having gained a small
cabinet, his conductor doffed the large hat and the long mantle that had
hitherto concealed his shape and features, and Glyndon beheld Zanoni!


     Think not my magic wonders wrought by aid
     Of Stygian angels summoned up from hell;
     Scorned and accursed be those who have essayed
     Her gloomy Dives and Afrites to compel.
     But by perception of the secret powers
     Of mineral springs in Nature’s inmost cell,
     Of herbs in curtain of her greenest bowers,
     And of the moving stars o’er mountain tops and towers.
     Wiffen’s “Translation of Tasso,” cant. xiv. xliii.

“You are safe here, young Englishman!” said Zanoni, motioning Glyndon to
a seat. “Fortunate for you that I come on your track at last!”

“Far happier had it been if we had never met! Yet even in these last
hours of my fate, I rejoice to look once more on the face of that
ominous and mysterious being to whom I can ascribe all the sufferings
I have known. Here, then, thou shalt not palter with or elude me. Here,
before we part, thou shalt unravel to me the dark enigma, if not of thy
life, of my own!”

“Hast thou suffered? Poor neophyte!” said Zanoni, pityingly. “Yes; I see
it on thy brow. But wherefore wouldst thou blame me? Did I not warn thee
against the whispers of thy spirit; did I not warn thee to forbear? Did
I not tell thee that the ordeal was one of awful hazard and tremendous
fears,--nay, did I not offer to resign to thee the heart that was mighty
enough, while mine, Glyndon, to content me? Was it not thine own daring
and resolute choice to brave the initiation! Of thine own free will
didst thou make Mejnour thy master, and his lore thy study!”

“But whence came the irresistible desires of that wild and unholy
knowledge? I knew them not till thine evil eye fell upon me, and I was
drawn into the magic atmosphere of thy being!”

“Thou errest!--the desires were in thee; and, whether in one direction
or the other, would have forced their way! Man! thou askest me the
enigma of thy fate and my own! Look round all being, is there not
mystery everywhere? Can thine eye trace the ripening of the grain
beneath the earth? In the moral and the physical world alike, lie dark
portents, far more wondrous than the powers thou wouldst ascribe to me!”

“Dost thou disown those powers; dost thou confess thyself an
imposter?--or wilt thou dare to tell me that thou art indeed sold to the
Evil one,--a magician whose familiar has haunted me night and day?”

“It matters not what I am,” returned Zanoni; “it matters only whether I
can aid thee to exorcise thy dismal phantom, and return once more to the
wholesome air of this common life. Something, however, will I tell thee,
not to vindicate myself, but the Heaven and the Nature that thy doubts

Zanoni paused a moment, and resumed with a slight smile,--

“In thy younger days thou hast doubtless read with delight the great
Christian poet, whose muse, like the morning it celebrated, came to
earth, ‘crowned with flowers culled in Paradise.’ [‘L’aurea testa Di
rose colte in Paradiso infiora.’ Tasso, “Ger. Lib.” iv. l.)

“No spirit was more imbued with the knightly superstitions of the time;
and surely the Poet of Jerusalem hath sufficiently, to satisfy even the
Inquisitor he consulted, execrated all the practitioners of the unlawful
spells invoked,--

‘Per isforzar Cocito o Flegetonte.’ (To constrain Cocytus or

“But in his sorrows and his wrongs, in the prison of his madhouse,
know you not that Tasso himself found his solace, his escape, in the
recognition of a holy and spiritual Theurgia,--of a magic that could
summon the Angel, or the Good Genius, not the Fiend? And do you not
remember how he, deeply versed as he was for his age, in the mysteries
of the nobler Platonism, which hints at the secrets of all the starry
brotherhoods, from the Chaldean to the later Rosicrucian, discriminates
in his lovely verse, between the black art of Ismeno and the glorious
lore of the Enchanter who counsels and guides upon their errand the
champions of the Holy Land? HIS, not the charms wrought by the aid of
the Stygian Rebels (See this remarkable passage, which does indeed
not unfaithfully represent the doctrine of the Pythagorean and the
Platonist, in Tasso, cant. xiv. stanzas xli. to xlvii. (“Ger. Lib.”)
They are beautifully translated by Wiffen.), but the perception of the
secret powers of the fountain and the herb,--the Arcana of the unknown
nature and the various motions of the stars. His, the holy haunts of
Lebanon and Carmel,--beneath his feet he saw the clouds, the snows, the
hues of Iris, the generations of the rains and dews. Did the Christian
Hermit who converted that Enchanter (no fabulous being, but the type of
all spirit that would aspire through Nature up to God) command him to
lay aside these sublime studies, ‘Le solite arte e l’ uso mio’? No! but
to cherish and direct them to worthy ends. And in this grand conception
of the poet lies the secret of the true Theurgia, which startles your
ignorance in a more learned day with puerile apprehensions, and the
nightmares of a sick man’s dreams.”

Again Zanoni paused, and again resumed:--

“In ages far remote,--of a civilisation far different from that which
now merges the individual in the state,--there existed men of ardent
minds, and an intense desire of knowledge. In the mighty and solemn
kingdoms in which they dwelt, there were no turbulent and earthly
channels to work off the fever of their minds. Set in the antique mould
of casts through which no intellect could pierce, no valour could force
its way, the thirst for wisdom alone reigned in the hearts of those who
received its study as a heritage from sire to son. Hence, even in your
imperfect records of the progress of human knowledge, you find that, in
the earliest ages, Philosophy descended not to the business and homes of
men. It dwelt amidst the wonders of the loftier creation; it sought to
analyse the formation of matter,--the essentials of the prevailing soul;
to read the mysteries of the starry orbs; to dive into those depths
of Nature in which Zoroaster is said by the schoolmen first to have
discovered the arts which your ignorance classes under the name of
magic. In such an age, then, arose some men, who, amidst the vanities
and delusions of their class, imagined that they detected gleams of a
brighter and steadier lore. They fancied an affinity existing among all
the works of Nature, and that in the lowliest lay the secret attraction
that might conduct them upward to the loftiest. (Agreeably, it would
seem, to the notion of Iamblichus and Plotinus, that the universe is as
an animal; so that there is sympathy and communication between one part
and the other; in the smallest part may be the subtlest nerve. And hence
the universal magnetism of Nature. But man contemplates the universe as
an animalcule would an elephant. The animalcule, seeing scarcely the tip
of the hoof, would be incapable of comprehending that the trunk belonged
to the same creature,--that the effect produced upon one extremity would
be felt in an instant by the other.) Centuries passed, and lives were
wasted in these discoveries; but step after step was chronicled and
marked, and became the guide to the few who alone had the hereditary
privilege to track their path.

“At last from this dimness upon some eyes the light broke; but think not,
young visionary, that to those who nursed unholy thoughts, over whom
the Origin of Evil held a sway, that dawning was vouchsafed. It could
be given then, as now, only to the purest ecstasies of imagination and
intellect, undistracted by the cares of a vulgar life, or the appetites
of the common clay. Far from descending to the assistance of a fiend,
theirs was but the august ambition to approach nearer to the Fount
of Good; the more they emancipated themselves from this limbo of the
planets, the more they were penetrated by the splendour and beneficence
of God. And if they sought, and at last discovered, how to the eye of
the Spirit all the subtler modifications of being and of matter might be
made apparent; if they discovered how, for the wings of the Spirit, all
space might be annihilated, and while the body stood heavy and solid
here, as a deserted tomb, the freed IDEA might wander from star to
star,--if such discoveries became in truth their own, the sublimest
luxury of their knowledge was but this, to wonder, to venerate, and
adore! For, as one not unlearned in these high matters has expressed it,
‘There is a principle of the soul superior to all external nature,
and through this principle we are capable of surpassing the order and
systems of the world, and participating the immortal life and the energy
of the Sublime Celestials. When the soul is elevated to natures above
itself, it deserts the order to which it is awhile compelled, and by a
religious magnetism is attracted to another and a loftier, with which it
blends and mingles.’ (From Iamblichus, “On the Mysteries,” c. 7, sect.
7.) Grant, then, that such beings found at last the secret to arrest
death; to fascinate danger and the foe; to walk the revolutions of the
earth unharmed,--think you that this life could teach them other desire
than to yearn the more for the Immortal, and to fit their intellect the
better for the higher being to which they might, when Time and Death
exist no longer, be transferred? Away with your gloomy fantasies of
sorcerer and demon!--the soul can aspire only to the light; and even the
error of our lofty knowledge was but the forgetfulness of the weakness,
the passions, and the bonds which the death we so vainly conquered only
can purge away!”

This address was so different from what Glyndon had anticipated, that he
remained for some moments speechless, and at length faltered out,--

“But why, then, to me--”

“Why,” added Zanoni,--“why to thee have been only the penance and the
terror,--the Threshold and the Phantom? Vain man! look to the commonest
elements of the common learning. Can every tyro at his mere wish and
will become the master; can the student, when he has bought his Euclid,
become a Newton; can the youth whom the Muses haunt, say, ‘I will equal
Homer;’ yea, can yon pale tyrant, with all the parchment laws of a
hundred system-shapers, and the pikes of his dauntless multitude, carve,
at his will, a constitution not more vicious than the one which the
madness of a mob could overthrow? When, in that far time to which I have
referred, the student aspired to the heights to which thou wouldst have
sprung at a single bound, he was trained from his very cradle to the
career he was to run. The internal and the outward nature were made
clear to his eyes, year after year, as they opened on the day. He was
not admitted to the practical initiation till not one earthly wish
chained that sublimest faculty which you call the IMAGINATION, one
carnal desire clouded the penetrative essence that you call the
INTELLECT. And even then, and at the best, how few attained to the
last mystery! Happier inasmuch as they attained the earlier to the holy
glories for which Death is the heavenliest gate.”

Zanoni paused, and a shade of thought and sorrow darkened his celestial

“And are there, indeed, others, besides thee and Mejnour, who lay claim
to thine attributes, and have attained to thy secrets?”

“Others there have been before us, but we two now are alone on earth.”

“Imposter, thou betrayest thyself! If they could conquer Death, why
live they not yet?” (Glyndon appears to forget that Mejnour had before
answered the very question which his doubts here a second time suggest.)

“Child of a day!” answered Zanoni, mournfully, “have I not told thee the
error of our knowledge was the forgetfulness of the desires and passions
which the spirit never can wholly and permanently conquer while this
matter cloaks it? Canst thou think that it is no sorrow, either to
reject all human ties, all friendship, and all love, or to see, day
after day, friendship and love wither from our life, as blossoms from
the stem? Canst thou wonder how, with the power to live while the world
shall last, ere even our ordinary date be finished we yet may prefer to
die? Wonder rather that there are two who have clung so faithfully to
earth! Me, I confess, that earth can enamour yet. Attaining to the last
secret while youth was in its bloom, youth still colours all around me
with its own luxuriant beauty; to me, yet, to breathe is to enjoy. The
freshness has not faded from the face of Nature, and not an herb in
which I cannot discover a new charm,--an undetected wonder.

“As with my youth, so with Mejnour’s age: he will tell you that life to
him is but a power to examine; and not till he has exhausted all
the marvels which the Creator has sown on earth, would he desire new
habitations for the renewed Spirit to explore. We are the types of the
two essences of what is imperishable,--‘ART, that enjoys; and SCIENCE,
that contemplates!’ And now, that thou mayest be contented that the
secrets are not vouchsafed to thee, learn that so utterly must the idea
detach itself from what makes up the occupation and excitement of men;
so must it be void of whatever would covet, or love, or hate,--that for
the ambitious man, for the lover, the hater, the power avails not. And
I, at last, bound and blinded by the most common of household ties; I,
darkened and helpless, adjure thee, the baffled and discontented,--I
adjure thee to direct, to guide me; where are they? Oh, tell me,--speak!
My wife,--my child? Silent!--oh, thou knowest now that I am no sorcerer,
no enemy. I cannot give thee what thy faculties deny,--I cannot achieve
what the passionless Mejnour failed to accomplish; but I can give thee
the next-best boon, perhaps the fairest,--I can reconcile thee to the
daily world, and place peace between thy conscience and thyself.”

“Wilt thou promise?”

“By their sweet lives, I promise!”

Glyndon looked and believed. He whispered the address to the house
whither his fatal step already had brought woe and doom.

“Bless thee for this,” exclaimed Zanoni, passionately, “and thou shalt
be blessed! What! couldst thou not perceive that at the entrance to all
the grander worlds dwell the race that intimidate and awe? Who in thy
daily world ever left the old regions of Custom and Prescription,
and felt not the first seizure of the shapeless and nameless Fear?
Everywhere around thee where men aspire and labour, though they see it
not,--in the closet of the sage, in the council of the demagogue, in
the camp of the warrior,--everywhere cowers and darkens the Unutterable
Horror. But there, where thou hast ventured, alone is the Phantom
VISIBLE; and never will it cease to haunt, till thou canst pass to the
Infinite, as the seraph; or return to the Familiar, as a child! But
answer me this: when, seeking to adhere to some calm resolve of virtue,
the Phantom hath stalked suddenly to thy side; when its voice hath
whispered thee despair; when its ghastly eyes would scare thee back to
those scenes of earthly craft or riotous excitement from which, as
it leaves thee to worse foes to the soul, its presence is ever
absent,--hast thou never bravely resisted the spectre and thine own
horror; hast thou never said, ‘Come what may, to Virtue I will cling?’”

“Alas!” answered Glyndon, “only of late have I dared to do so.”

“And thou hast felt then that the Phantom grew more dim and its power
more faint?”

“It is true.”

“Rejoice, then!--thou hast overcome the true terror and mystery of the
ordeal. Resolve is the first success. Rejoice, for the exorcism is sure!
Thou art not of those who, denying a life to come, are the victims of
the Inexorable Horror. Oh, when shall men learn, at last, that if the
Great Religion inculcates so rigidly the necessity of FAITH, it is not
alone that FAITH leads to the world to be; but that without faith there
is no excellence in this,--faith in something wiser, happier, diviner,
than we see on earth!--the artist calls it the Ideal,--the priest,
Faith. The Ideal and Faith are one and the same. Return, O wanderer,
return! Feel what beauty and holiness dwell in the Customary and the
Old. Back to thy gateway glide, thou Horror! and calm, on the childlike
heart, smile again, O azure Heaven, with thy night and thy morning star
but as one, though under its double name of Memory and Hope!”

As he thus spoke, Zanoni laid his hand gently on the burning temples of
his excited and wondering listener; and presently a sort of trance came
over him: he imagined that he was returned to the home of his infancy;
that he was in the small chamber where, over his early slumbers,
his mother had watched and prayed. There it was,--visible, palpable,
solitary, unaltered. In the recess, the homely bed; on the walls, the
shelves filled with holy books; the very easel on which he had first
sought to call the ideal to the canvas, dust-covered, broken, in the
corner. Below the window lay the old churchyard: he saw it green in the
distance, the sun glancing through the yew-trees; he saw the tomb where
father and mother lay united, and the spire pointing up to heaven, the
symbol of the hopes of those who consigned the ashes to the dust; in
his ear rang the bells, pealing, as on a Sabbath day. Far fled all
the visions of anxiety and awe that had haunted and convulsed; youth,
boyhood, childhood came back to him with innocent desires and hopes; he
thought he fell upon his knees to pray. He woke,--he woke in
delicious tears, he felt that the Phantom was fled forever. He looked
round,--Zanoni was gone. On the table lay these lines, the ink yet

“I will find ways and means for thy escape. At nightfall, as the clock
strikes nine, a boat shall wait thee on the river before this house;
the boatman will guide thee to a retreat where thou mayst rest in safety
till the Reign of Terror, which nears its close, be past. Think no more
of the sensual love that lured, and wellnigh lost thee. It betrayed, and
would have destroyed. Thou wilt regain thy land in safety,--long years
yet spared to thee to muse over the past, and to redeem it. For thy
future, be thy dream thy guide, and thy tears thy baptism.”

The Englishman obeyed the injunctions of the letter, and found their


     Quid mirare meas tot in uno corpore formas?

     (Why wonder that I have so many forms in a single body?)

Zanoni to Mejnour.


“She is in one of their prisons,--their inexorable prisons. It is
Robespierre’s order,--I have tracked the cause to Glyndon. This, then,
made that terrible connection between their fates which I could not
unravel, but which (till severed as it now is) wrapped Glyndon himself
in the same cloud that concealed her. In prison,--in prison!--it is the
gate of the grave! Her trial, and the inevitable execution that follows
such trial, is the third day from this. The tyrant has fixed all his
schemes of slaughter for the 10th of Thermidor. While the deaths of the
unoffending strike awe to the city, his satellites are to massacre his
foes. There is but one hope left,--that the Power which now dooms the
doomer, may render me an instrument to expedite his fall. But two
days left,--two days! In all my wealth of time I see but two days; all
beyond,--darkness, solitude. I may save her yet. The tyrant shall fall
the day before that which he has set apart for slaughter! For the first
time I mix among the broils and stratagems of men, and my mind leaps up
from my despair, armed and eager for the contest.”


A crowd had gathered round the Rue St. Honore; a young man was just
arrested by the order of Robespierre. He was known to be in the service
of Tallien, that hostile leader in the Convention, whom the tyrant had
hitherto trembled to attack. This incident had therefore produced a
greater excitement than a circumstance so customary as an arrest in the
Reign of Terror might be supposed to create. Amongst the crowd were many
friends of Tallien, many foes to the tyrant, many weary of beholding
the tiger dragging victim after victim to its den. Hoarse, foreboding
murmurs were heard; fierce eyes glared upon the officers as they seized
their prisoner; and though they did not yet dare openly to resist, those
in the rear pressed on those behind, and encumbered the path of the
captive and his captors. The young man struggled hard for escape, and,
by a violent effort, at last wrenched himself from the grasp. The
crowd made way, and closed round to protect him, as he dived and darted
through their ranks; but suddenly the trampling of horses was heard at
hand,--the savage Henriot and his troop were bearing down upon the mob.
The crowd gave way in alarm, and the prisoner was again seized by one
of the partisans of the Dictator. At that moment a voice whispered the
prisoner, “Thou hast a letter which, if found on thee, ruins thy last
hope. Give it to me! I will bear it to Tallien.” The prisoner turned in
amaze, read something that encouraged him in the eyes of the stranger
who thus accosted him. The troop were now on the spot; the Jacobin who
had seized the prisoner released hold of him for a moment to escape
the hoofs of the horses: in that moment the opportunity was found,--the
stranger had disappeared.


At the house of Tallien the principal foes of the tyrant were assembled.
Common danger made common fellowship. All factions laid aside their
feuds for the hour to unite against the formidable man who was marching
over all factions to his gory throne. There was bold Lecointre, the
declared enemy; there, creeping Barrere, who would reconcile all
extremes, the hero of the cowards; Barras, calm and collected; Collet
d’Herbois, breathing wrath and vengeance, and seeing not that the crimes
of Robespierre alone sheltered his own.

The council was agitated and irresolute. The awe which the uniform
success and the prodigious energy of Robespierre excited still held the
greater part under its control. Tallien, whom the tyrant most feared,
and who alone could give head and substance and direction to so many
contradictory passions, was too sullied by the memory of his own
cruelties not to feel embarrassed by his position as the champion
of mercy. “It is true,” he said, after an animating harangue from
Lecointre, “that the Usurper menaces us all. But he is still so beloved
by his mobs,--still so supported by his Jacobins: better delay open
hostilities till the hour is more ripe. To attempt and not succeed is
to give us, bound hand and foot, to the guillotine. Every day his power
must decline. Procrastination is our best ally--” While yet speaking,
and while yet producing the effect of water on the fire, it was
announced that a stranger demanded to see him instantly on business that
brooked no delay.

“I am not at leisure,” said the orator, impatiently. The servant placed
a note on the table. Tallien opened it, and found these words in pencil,
“From the prison of Teresa de Fontenai.” He turned pale, started up,
and hastened to the anteroom, where he beheld a face entirely strange to

“Hope of France!” said the visitor to him, and the very sound of his
voice went straight to the heart,--“your servant is arrested in the
streets. I have saved your life, and that of your wife who will be. I
bring to you this letter from Teresa de Fontenai.”

Tallien, with a trembling hand, opened the letter, and read,--

“Am I forever to implore you in vain? Again and again I say, ‘Lose not
an hour if you value my life and your own.’ My trial and death are fixed
the third day from this,--the 10th Thermidor. Strike while it is yet
time,--strike the monster!--you have two days yet. If you fail,--if you
procrastinate,--see me for the last time as I pass your windows to the

“Her trial will give proof against you,” said the stranger. “Her death
is the herald of your own. Fear not the populace,--the populace would
have rescued your servant. Fear not Robespierre,--he gives himself to
your hands. To-morrow he comes to the Convention,--to-morrow you must
cast the last throw for his head or your own.”

“To-morrow he comes to the Convention! And who are you that know so well
what is concealed from me?”

“A man like you, who would save the woman he loves.”

Before Tallien could recover his surprise, the visitor was gone.

Back went the Avenger to his conclave an altered man. “I have heard
tidings,--no matter what,” he cried,--“that have changed my purpose.
On the 10th we are destined to the guillotine. I revoke my counsel for
delay. Robespierre comes to the Convention to-morrow; THERE we must
confront and crush him. From the Mountain shall frown against him
the grim shade of Danton,--from the Plain shall rise, in their bloody
cerements, the spectres of Vergniaud and Condorcet. Frappons!”

“Frappons!” cried even Barrere, startled into energy by the new daring
of his colleague,--“frappons! il n’y a que les morts qui ne reviennent

It was observable (and the fact may be found in one of the memoirs
of the time) that, during that day and night (the 7th Thermidor), a
stranger to all the previous events of that stormy time was seen in
various parts of the city,--in the cafes, the clubs, the haunts of the
various factions; that, to the astonishment and dismay of his hearers,
he talked aloud of the crimes of Robespierre, and predicted his coming
fall; and, as he spoke, he stirred up the hearts of men, he loosed the
bonds of their fear,--he inflamed them with unwonted rage and daring.
But what surprised them most was, that no voice replied, no hand was
lifted against him, no minion, even of the tyrant, cried, “Arrest the
traitor.” In that impunity men read, as in a book, that the populace had
deserted the man of blood.

Once only a fierce, brawny Jacobin sprang up from the table at which he
sat, drinking deep, and, approaching the stranger, said, “I seize thee,
in the name of the Republic.”

“Citizen Aristides,” answered the stranger, in a whisper, “go to the
lodgings of Robespierre,--he is from home; and in the left pocket of the
vest which he cast off not an hour since thou wilt find a paper; when
thou hast read that, return. I will await thee; and if thou wouldst then
seize me, I will go without a struggle. Look round on those lowering
brows; touch me NOW, and thou wilt be torn to pieces.”

The Jacobin felt as if compelled to obey against his will. He went
forth muttering; he returned,--the stranger was still there. “Mille
tonnerres,” he said to him, “I thank thee; the poltroon had my name in
his list for the guillotine.”

With that the Jacobin Aristides sprang upon the table and shouted,
“Death to the Tyrant!”


     Le lendemain, 8 Thermidor, Robespierre se decida a prononcer son
     fameux discours.
     --Thiers, “Hist. de la Revolution.”

     (The next day, 8th Thermidor, Robespierre resolved to deliver his
     celebrated discourse.)

The morning rose,--the 8th of Thermidor (July 26). Robespierre has gone
to the Convention. He has gone with his laboured speech; he has gone
with his phrases of philanthropy and virtue; he has gone to single out
his prey. All his agents are prepared for his reception; the fierce St.
Just has arrived from the armies to second his courage and inflame his
wrath. His ominous apparition prepares the audience for the crisis.
“Citizens!” screeched the shrill voice of Robespierre “others have
placed before you flattering pictures; I come to announce to you useful


“And they attribute to me,--to me alone!--whatever of harsh or evil
is committed: it is Robespierre who wishes it; it is Robespierre who
ordains it. Is there a new tax?--it is Robespierre who ruins you. They
call me tyrant!--and why? Because I have acquired some influence; but
how?--in speaking truth; and who pretends that truth is to be without
force in the mouths of the Representatives of the French people?
Doubtless, truth has its power, its rage, its despotism, its accents,
touching, terrible, which resound in the pure heart as in the guilty
conscience; and which Falsehood can no more imitate than Salmoneus could
forge the thunderbolts of Heaven. What am I whom they accuse? A slave
of liberty,--a living martyr of the Republic; the victim as the enemy of
crime! All ruffianism affronts me, and actions legitimate in others are
crimes in me. It is enough to know me to be calumniated. It is in my
very zeal that they discover my guilt. Take from me my conscience, and I
should be the most miserable of men!”

He paused; and Couthon wiped his eyes, and St. Just murmured applause
as with stern looks he gazed on the rebellious Mountain; and there was a
dead, mournful, and chilling silence through the audience. The touching
sentiment woke no echo.

The orator cast his eyes around. Ho! he will soon arouse that apathy.
He proceeds, he praises, he pities himself no more. He denounces,--he
accuses. Overflooded with his venom, he vomits it forth on all. At home,
abroad, finances, war,--on all! Shriller and sharper rose his voice,--

“A conspiracy exists against the public liberty. It owes its strength
to a criminal coalition in the very bosom of the Convention; it has
accomplices in the bosom of the Committee of Public Safety...What is the
remedy to this evil? To punish the traitors; to purify this committee;
to crush all factions by the weight of the National Authority; to
raise upon their ruins the power of Liberty and Justice. Such are the
principles of that Reform. Must I be ambitious to profess them?--then
the principles are proscribed, and Tyranny reigns amongst us! For what
can you object to a man who is in the right, and has at least this
knowledge,--he knows how to die for his native land! I am made to combat
crime, and not to govern it. The time, alas! is not yet arrived when men
of worth can serve with impunity their country. So long as the knaves
rule, the defenders of liberty will be only the proscribed.”

For two hours, through that cold and gloomy audience, shrilled the
Death-speech. In silence it began, in silence closed. The enemies of the
orator were afraid to express resentment; they knew not yet the exact
balance of power. His partisans were afraid to approve; they knew not
whom of their own friends and relations the accusations were designed to
single forth. “Take care!” whispered each to each; “it is thou whom
he threatens.” But silent though the audience, it was, at the first,
wellnigh subdued. There was still about this terrible man the spell
of an overmastering will. Always--though not what is called a great
orator--resolute, and sovereign in the use of words; words seemed as
things when uttered by one who with a nod moved the troops of Henriot,
and influenced the judgment of Rene Dumas, grim President of the
Tribunal. Lecointre of Versailles rose, and there was an anxious
movement of attention; for Lecointre was one of the fiercest foes of the
tyrant. What was the dismay of the Tallien faction; what the complacent
smile of Couthon,--when Lecointre demanded only that the oration should
be printed! All seemed paralyzed. At length Bourdon de l’Oise, whose
name was doubly marked in the black list of the Dictator, stalked to the
tribune, and moved the bold counter-resolution, that the speech should
be referred to the two committees whom that very speech accused. Still
no applause from the conspirators; they sat torpid as frozen men. The
shrinking Barrere, ever on the prudent side, looked round before he
rose. He rises, and sides with Lecointre! Then Couthon seized the
occasion, and from his seat (a privilege permitted only to the paralytic
philanthropist) (M. Thiers in his History, volume iv. page 79, makes
a curious blunder: he says, “Couthon s’elance a la tribune.” (Couthon
darted towards the tribune.) Poor Couthon! whose half body was dead,
and who was always wheeled in his chair into the Convention, and spoke
sitting.), and with his melodious voice sought to convert the crisis
into a triumph.

He demanded, not only that the harangue should be printed, but sent
to all the communes and all the armies. It was necessary to soothe
a wronged and ulcerated heart. Deputies, the most faithful, had been
accused of shedding blood. “Ah! if HE had contributed to the death of
one innocent man, he should immolate himself with grief.” Beautiful
tenderness!--and while he spoke, he fondled the spaniel in his bosom.
Bravo, Couthon! Robespierre triumphs! The reign of Terror shall endure!
The old submission settles dovelike back in the assembly! They vote
the printing of the Death-speech, and its transmission to all the
municipalities. From the benches of the Mountain, Tallien, alarmed,
dismayed, impatient, and indignant, cast his gaze where sat the
strangers admitted to hear the debates; and suddenly he met the eyes of
the Unknown who had brought to him the letter from Teresa de Fontenai
the preceding day. The eyes fascinated him as he gazed. In aftertimes he
often said that their regard, fixed, earnest, half-reproachful, and
yet cheering and triumphant, filled him with new life and courage. They
spoke to his heart as the trumpet speaks to the war-horse. He moved from
his seat; he whispered with his allies: the spirit he had drawn in was
contagious; the men whom Robespierre especially had denounced, and who
saw the sword over their heads, woke from their torpid trance. Vadier,
Cambon, Billaud-Varennes, Panis, Amar, rose at once,--all at once
demanded speech. Vadier is first heard, the rest succeed. It burst
forth, the Mountain, with its fires and consuming lava; flood upon flood
they rush, a legion of Ciceros upon the startled Catiline! Robespierre
falters, hesitates,--would qualify, retract. They gather new courage
from his new fears; they interrupt him; they drown his voice; they
demand the reversal of the motion. Amar moves again that the speech
be referred to the Committees, to the Committees,--to his enemies!
Confusion and noise and clamour! Robespierre wraps himself in silent
and superb disdain. Pale, defeated, but not yet destroyed, he
stands,--a storm in the midst of storm!

The motion is carried. All men foresee in that defeat the Dictator’s
downfall. A solitary cry rose from the galleries; it was caught up;
it circled through the hall, the audience: “A bas le tyrant! Vive la
republique!” (Down with the tyrant! Hurrah for the republic!)


     Aupres d’un corps aussi avili que la Convention, il restait des
     chances pour que Robespierre sortit vainqueur de cette lutte.
     Lacretelle, volume xii.

     (Amongst a body so debased as the Convention, there still
     remained some chances that Robespierre would come off victor in
     the struggle.)

As Robespierre left the hall, there was a dead and ominous silence in
the crowd without. The herd, in every country, side with success;
and the rats run from the falling tower. But Robespierre, who wanted
courage, never wanted pride, and the last often supplied the place
of the first; thoughtfully, and with an impenetrable brow, he passed
through the throng, leaning on St. Just, Payan and his brother following

As they got into the open space, Robespierre abruptly broke the silence.

“How many heads were to fall upon the tenth?”

“Eighty,” replied Payan.

“Ah, we must not tarry so long; a day may lose an empire: terrorism must
serve us yet!”

He was silent a few moments, and his eyes roved suspiciously through the

“St. Just,” he said abruptly, “they have not found this Englishman
whose revelations, or whose trial, would have crushed the Amars and the
Talliens. No, no! my Jacobins themselves are growing dull and blind. But
they have seized a woman,--only a woman!”

“A woman’s hand stabbed Marat,” said St. Just. Robespierre stopped
short, and breathed hard.

“St. Just,” said he, “when this peril is past, we will found the Reign
of Peace. There shall be homes and gardens set apart for the old. David
is already designing the porticos. Virtuous men shall be appointed to
instruct the young. All vice and disorder shall be NOT exterminated--no,
no! only banished! We must not die yet. Posterity cannot judge us till
our work is done. We have recalled L’Etre Supreme; we must now remodel
this corrupted world. All shall be love and brotherhood; and--ho! Simon!
Simon!--hold! Your pencil, St. Just!” And Robespierre wrote hastily.
“This to Citizen President Dumas. Go with it quick, Simon. These eighty
heads must fall TO-MORROW,--TO-MORROW, Simon. Dumas will advance their
trial a day. I will write to Fouquier-Tinville, the public accuser.
We meet at the Jacobins to-night, Simon; there we will denounce the
Convention itself; there we will rally round us the last friends of
liberty and France.”

A shout was heard in the distance behind, “Vive la republique!”

The tyrant’s eye shot a vindictive gleam. “The republic!--faugh! We did
not destroy the throne of a thousand years for that canaille!”

aid of the mysterious intelligence that had guided and animated him
hitherto, Zanoni learned that his arts had been in vain. He knew that
Viola was safe, if she could but survive an hour the life of the
tyrant. He knew that Robespierre’s hours were numbered; that the 10th of
Thermidor, on which he had originally designed the execution of his
last victims, would see himself at the scaffold. Zanoni had toiled, had
schemed for the fall of the Butcher and his reign. To what end? A single
word from the tyrant had baffled the result of all. The execution
of Viola is advanced a day. Vain seer, who wouldst make thyself the
instrument of the Eternal, the very dangers that now beset the tyrant
but expedite the doom of his victims! To-morrow, eighty heads, and
hers whose pillow has been thy heart! To-morrow! and Maximilien is safe


     Erde mag zuruck in Erde stauben;
     Fliegt der Geist doch aus dem morschen Haus.
     Seine Asche mag der Sturmwind treiben,
     Sein Leben dauert ewig aus!

     (Earth may crumble back into earth; the Spirit will still escape
     from its frail tenement.  The wind of the storm may scatter his
     ashes; his being endures forever.)

To-morrow!--and it is already twilight. One after one, the gentle stars
come smiling through the heaven. The Seine, in its slow waters, yet
trembles with the last kiss of the rosy day; and still in the blue sky
gleams the spire of Notre Dame; and still in the blue sky looms the
guillotine by the Barriere du Trone. Turn to that time-worn building,
once the church and the convent of the Freres-Precheurs, known by the
then holy name of Jacobins; there the new Jacobins hold their club.
There, in that oblong hall, once the library of the peaceful monks,
assemble the idolaters of St. Robespierre. Two immense tribunes,
raised at either end, contain the lees and dregs of the atrocious
populace,--the majority of that audience consisting of the furies of
the guillotine (furies de guillotine). In the midst of the hall are
the bureau and chair of the president,--the chair long preserved by the
piety of the monks as the relic of St. Thomas Aquinas! Above this seat
scowls the harsh bust of Brutus. An iron lamp and two branches scatter
over the vast room a murky, fuliginous ray, beneath the light of which
the fierce faces of that Pandemonium seem more grim and haggard. There,
from the orator’s tribune, shrieks the shrill wrath of Robespierre!

Meanwhile all is chaos, disorder, half daring and half cowardice, in the
Committee of his foes. Rumours fly from street to street, from haunt to
haunt, from house to house. The swallows flit low, and the cattle group
together before the storm. And above this roar of the lives and things
of the little hour, alone in his chamber stood he on whose starry
youth--symbol of the imperishable bloom of the calm Ideal amidst the
mouldering Actual--the clouds of ages had rolled in vain.

All those exertions which ordinary wit and courage could suggest had
been tried in vain. All such exertions WERE in vain, where, in that
Saturnalia of death, a life was the object. Nothing but the fall of
Robespierre could have saved his victims; now, too late, that fall would
only serve to avenge.

Once more, in that last agony of excitement and despair, the seer had
plunged into solitude, to invoke again the aid or counsel of those
mysterious intermediates between earth and heaven who had renounced the
intercourse of the spirit when subjected to the common bondage of the
mortal. In the intense desire and anguish of his heart, perhaps, lay a
power not yet called forth; for who has not felt that the sharpness
of extreme grief cuts and grinds away many of those strongest bonds
of infirmity and doubt which bind down the souls of men to the cabined
darkness of the hour; and that from the cloud and thunderstorm often
swoops the Olympian eagle that can ravish us aloft!

And the invocation was heard,--the bondage of sense was rent away from
the visual mind. He looked, and saw,--no, not the being he had called,
with its limbs of light and unutterably tranquil smile--not his
familiar, Adon-Ai, the Son of Glory and the Star, but the Evil Omen, the
dark Chimera, the implacable Foe, with exultation and malice burning in
its hell-lit eyes. The Spectre, no longer cowering and retreating into
shadow, rose before him, gigantic and erect; the face, whose veil no
mortal hand had ever raised, was still concealed, but the form was more
distinct, corporeal, and cast from it, as an atmosphere, horror and rage
and awe. As an iceberg, the breath of that presence froze the air; as a
cloud, it filled the chamber and blackened the stars from heaven.

“Lo!” said its voice, “I am here once more. Thou hast robbed me of a
meaner prey. Now exorcise THYSELF from my power! Thy life has left thee,
to live in the heart of a daughter of the charnel and the worm. In that
life I come to thee with my inexorable tread. Thou art returned to the
Threshold,--thou, whose steps have trodden the verges of the Infinite!
And as the goblin of its fantasy seizes on a child in the dark,--mighty
one, who wouldst conquer Death,--I seize on thee!”

“Back to thy thraldom, slave! If thou art come to the voice that called
thee not, it is again not to command, but to obey! Thou, from whose
whisper I gained the boons of the lives lovelier and dearer than my own;
thou--I command thee, not by spell and charm, but by the force of a soul
mightier than the malice of thy being,--thou serve me yet, and speak
again the secret that can rescue the lives thou hast, by permission of
the Universal Master, permitted me to retain awhile in the temple of the

Brighter and more devouringly burned the glare from those lurid eyes;
more visible and colossal yet rose the dilating shape; a yet fiercer and
more disdainful hate spoke in the voice that answered, “Didst thou think
that my boon would be other than thy curse? Happy for thee hadst thou
mourned over the deaths which come by the gentle hand of Nature,--hadst
thou never known how the name of mother consecrates the face of Beauty,
and never, bending over thy first-born, felt the imperishable sweetness
of a father’s love! They are saved, for what?--the mother, for the death
of violence and shame and blood, for the doomsman’s hand to put aside
that shining hair which has entangled thy bridegroom kisses; the child,
first and last of thine offspring, in whom thou didst hope to found a
race that should hear with thee the music of celestial harps, and
float, by the side of thy familiar, Adon-Ai, through the azure rivers of
joy,--the child, to live on a few days as a fungus in a burial-vault, a
thing of the loathsome dungeon, dying of cruelty and neglect and famine.
Ha! ha! thou who wouldst baffle Death, learn how the deathless die if
they dare to love the mortal. Now, Chaldean, behold my boons! Now I
seize and wrap thee with the pestilence of my presence; now, evermore,
till thy long race is run, mine eyes shall glow into thy brain, and mine
arms shall clasp thee, when thou wouldst take the wings of the Morning
and flee from the embrace of Night!”

“I tell thee, no! And again I compel thee, speak and answer to the lord
who can command his slave. I know, though my lore fails me, and the
reeds on which I leaned pierce my side,--I know yet that it is written
that the life of which I question can be saved from the headsman. Thou
wrappest her future in the darkness of thy shadow, but thou canst not
shape it. Thou mayest foreshow the antidote; thou canst not effect the
bane. From thee I wring the secret, though it torture thee to name it.
I approach thee,--I look dauntless into thine eyes. The soul that loves
can dare all things. Shadow, I defy thee, and compel!”

The spectre waned and recoiled. Like a vapour that lessens as the sun
pierces and pervades it, the form shrank cowering and dwarfed in the
dimmer distance, and through the casement again rushed the stars.

“Yes,” said the Voice, with a faint and hollow accent, “thou CANST save
her from the headsman; for it is written, that sacrifice can save. Ha!
ha!” And the shape again suddenly dilated into the gloom of its giant
stature, and its ghastly laugh exulted, as if the Foe, a moment baffled,
had regained its might. “Ha! ha!--thou canst save her life, if thou wilt
sacrifice thine own! Is it for this thou hast lived on through crumbling
empires and countless generations of thy race? At last shall Death
reclaim thee? Wouldst thou save her?--DIE FOR HER! Fall, O stately
column, over which stars yet unformed may gleam,--fall, that the herb at
thy base may drink a few hours longer the sunlight and the dews! Silent!
Art thou ready for the sacrifice? See, the moon moves up through
heaven. Beautiful and wise one, wilt thou bid her smile to-morrow on thy
headless clay?”

“Back! for my soul, in answering thee from depths where thou canst not
hear it, has regained its glory; and I hear the wings of Adon-Ai gliding
musical through the air.”

He spoke; and, with a low shriek of baffled rage and hate, the Thing was
gone, and through the room rushed, luminous and sudden, the Presence of
silvery light.

As the heavenly visitor stood in the atmosphere of his own lustre,
and looked upon the face of the Theurgist with an aspect of ineffable
tenderness and love, all space seemed lighted from his smile. Along the
blue air without, from that chamber in which his wings had halted, to
the farthest star in the azure distance, it seemed as if the track of
his flight were visible, by a lengthened splendour in the air, like the
column of moonlight on the sea. Like the flower that diffuses perfume as
the very breath of its life, so the emanation of that presence was joy.
Over the world, as a million times swifter than light, than electricity,
the Son of Glory had sped his way to the side of love, his wings had
scattered delight as the morning scatters dew. For that brief moment,
Poverty had ceased to mourn, Disease fled from its prey, and Hope
breathed a dream of Heaven into the darkness of Despair.

“Thou art right,” said the melodious Voice. “Thy courage has restored
thy power. Once more, in the haunts of earth, thy soul charms me to thy
side. Wiser now, in the moment when thou comprehendest Death, than when
thy unfettered spirit learned the solemn mystery of Life; the human
affections that thralled and humbled thee awhile bring to thee, in these
last hours of thy mortality, the sublimest heritage of thy race,--the
eternity that commences from the grave.”

“O Adon-Ai,” said the Chaldean, as, circumfused in the splendour of the
visitant, a glory more radiant than human beauty settled round his form,
and seemed already to belong to the eternity of which the Bright One
spoke, “as men, before they die, see and comprehend the enigmas hidden
from them before (The greatest poet, and one of the noblest thinkers, of
the last age, said, on his deathbed, “Many things obscure to me before,
now clear up, and become visible.”--See the ‘Life of Schiller.’), “so in
this hour, when the sacrifice of self to another brings the course of
ages to its goal, I see the littleness of Life, compared to the majesty
of Death; but oh, Divine Consoler, even here, even in thy presence,
the affections that inspire me, sadden. To leave behind me in this
bad world, unaided, unprotected, those for whom I die! the wife! the
child!--oh, speak comfort to me in this!”

“And what,” said the visitor, with a slight accent of reproof in the
tone of celestial pity,--“what, with all thy wisdom and thy starry
secrets, with all thy empire of the past, and thy visions of the future;
what art thou to the All-Directing and Omniscient? Canst thou yet
imagine that thy presence on earth can give to the hearts thou lovest
the shelter which the humblest take from the wings of the Presence that
lives in heaven? Fear not thou for their future. Whether thou live or
die, their future is the care of the Most High! In the dungeon and on
the scaffold looks everlasting the Eye of HIM, tenderer than thou to
love, wiser than thou to guide, mightier than thou to save!”

Zanoni bowed his head; and when he looked up again, the last shadow had
left his brow. The visitor was gone; but still the glory of his presence
seemed to shine upon the spot, still the solitary air seemed to murmur
with tremulous delight. And thus ever shall it be with those who have
once, detaching themselves utterly from life, received the visit of the
Angel FAITH. Solitude and space retain the splendour, and it settles
like a halo round their graves.


     Dann zur Blumenflor der Sterne
     Aufgeschauet liebewarm,
     Fass’ ihn freundlich Arm in Arm
     Trag’ ihn in die blaue Ferne.
     --Uhland, “An den Tod.”

     Then towards the Garden of the Star
     Lift up thine aspect warm with love,
     And, friendlike link’d through space afar,
     Mount with him, arm in arm, above.
     --Uhland, “Poem to Death.”

He stood upon the lofty balcony that overlooked the quiet city. Though
afar, the fiercest passions of men were at work on the web of strife and
doom, all that gave itself to his view was calm and still in the rays
of the summer moon, for his soul was wrapped from man and man’s narrow
sphere, and only the serener glories of creation were present to the
vision of the seer. There he stood, alone and thoughtful, to take the
last farewell of the wondrous life that he had known.

Coursing through the fields of space, he beheld the gossamer shapes,
whose choral joys his spirit had so often shared. There, group upon
group, they circled in the starry silence multiform in the unimaginable
beauty of a being fed by ambrosial dews and serenest light. In his
trance, all the universe stretched visible beyond; in the green valleys
afar, he saw the dances of the fairies; in the bowels of the mountains,
he beheld the race that breathe the lurid air of the volcanoes, and hide
from the light of heaven; on every leaf in the numberless forests, in
every drop of the unmeasured seas, he surveyed its separate and swarming
world; far up, in the farthest blue, he saw orb upon orb ripening into
shape, and planets starting from the central fire, to run their day
of ten thousand years. For everywhere in creation is the breath of the
Creator, and in every spot where the breath breathes is life! And alone,
in the distance, the lonely man beheld his Magian brother. There,
at work with his numbers and his Cabala, amidst the wrecks of Rome,
passionless and calm, sat in his cell the mystic Mejnour,--living on,
living ever while the world lasts, indifferent whether his knowledge
produces weal or woe; a mechanical agent of a more tender and a wiser
will, that guides every spring to its inscrutable designs. Living
on,--living ever,--as science that cares alone for knowledge, and halts
not to consider how knowledge advances happiness; how Human Improvement,
rushing through civilisation, crushes in its march all who cannot
grapple to its wheels (“You colonise the lands of the savage with the
Anglo-Saxon,--you civilise that portion of THE EARTH; but is the SAVAGE
civilised? He is exterminated! You accumulate machinery,--you increase
the total of wealth; but what becomes of the labour you displace? One
generation is sacrificed to the next. You diffuse knowledge,--and
the world seems to grow brighter; but Discontent at Poverty replaces
Ignorance, happy with its crust. Every improvement, every advancement in
civilisation, injures some, to benefit others, and either cherishes
the want of to-day, or prepares the revolution of to-morrow.”--Stephen
Montague.); ever, with its Cabala and its number, lives on to change, in
its bloodless movements, the face of the habitable world!

And, “Oh, farewell to life!” murmured the glorious dreamer. “Sweet, O
life! hast thou been to me. How fathomless thy joys,--how rapturously
has my soul bounded forth upon the upward paths! To him who forever
renews his youth in the clear fount of Nature, how exquisite is the mere
happiness TO BE! Farewell, ye lamps of heaven, and ye million tribes,
the Populace of Air. Not a mote in the beam, not an herb on the
mountain, not a pebble on the shore, not a seed far-blown into the
wilderness, but contributed to the lore that sought in all the true
principle of life, the Beautiful, the Joyous, the Immortal. To others,
a land, a city, a hearth, has been a home; MY home has been wherever the
intellect could pierce, or the spirit could breathe the air.”

He paused, and through the immeasurable space his eyes and his
heart, penetrating the dismal dungeon, rested on his child. He saw it
slumbering in the arms of the pale mother, and HIS soul spoke to the
sleeping soul. “Forgive me, if my desire was sin; I dreamed to have
reared and nurtured thee to the divinest destinies my visions could
foresee. Betimes, as the mortal part was strengthened against disease,
to have purified the spiritual from every sin; to have led thee, heaven
upon heaven, through the holy ecstasies which make up the existence
of the orders that dwell on high; to have formed, from thy sublime
affections, the pure and ever-living communication between thy mother
and myself. The dream was but a dream--it is no more! In sight myself of
the grave, I feel, at last, that through the portals of the grave lies
the true initiation into the holy and the wise. Beyond those portals I
await ye both, beloved pilgrims!”

From his numbers and his Cabala, in his cell, amidst the wrecks of Rome,
Mejnour, startled, looked up, and through the spirit, felt that the
spirit of his distant friend addressed him.

“Fare thee well forever upon this earth! Thy last companion forsakes thy
side. Thine age survives the youth of all; and the Final Day shall find
thee still the contemplator of our tombs. I go with my free will into
the land of darkness; but new suns and systems blaze around us from the
grave. I go where the souls of those for whom I resign the clay shall be
my co-mates through eternal youth. At last I recognise the true ordeal
and the real victory. Mejnour, cast down thy elixir; lay by thy load
of years! Wherever the soul can wander, the Eternal Soul of all things
protects it still!”


     Il ne veulent plus perdre un moment d’une nuit si precieuse.
     Lacretelle, tom. xii.

     (They would not lose another moment of so precious a night.)

It was late that night, and Rene-Francois Dumas, President of the
Revolutionary Tribunal, had re-entered his cabinet, on his return from
the Jacobin Club. With him were two men who might be said to represent,
the one the moral, the other the physical force of the Reign of Terror:
Fouquier-Tinville, the Public Accuser, and Francois Henriot, the
General of the Parisian National Guard. This formidable triumvirate were
assembled to debate on the proceedings of the next day; and the three
sister-witches over their hellish caldron were scarcely animated by a
more fiend-like spirit, or engaged in more execrable designs, than these
three heroes of the Revolution in their premeditated massacre of the

Dumas was but little altered in appearance since, in the earlier part of
this narrative, he was presented to the reader, except that his manner
was somewhat more short and severe, and his eye yet more restless. But
he seemed almost a superior being by the side of his associates. Rene
Dumas, born of respectable parents, and well educated, despite his
ferocity, was not without a certain refinement, which perhaps rendered
him the more acceptable to the precise and formal Robespierre. (Dumas
was a beau in his way. His gala-dress was a BLOOD-RED COAT, with the
finest ruffles.) But Henriot had been a lackey, a thief, a spy of the
police; he had drunk the blood of Madame de Lamballe, and had risen
to his present rank for no quality but his ruffianism; and
Fouquier-Tinville, the son of a provincial agriculturist, and afterwards
a clerk at the Bureau of the Police, was little less base in his
manners, and yet more, from a certain loathsome buffoonery, revolting
in his speech,--bull-headed, with black, sleek hair, with a narrow and
livid forehead, with small eyes, that twinkled with a sinister malice;
strongly and coarsely built, he looked what he was, the audacious bully
of a lawless and relentless Bar.

Dumas trimmed the candles, and bent over the list of the victims for the

“It is a long catalogue,” said the president; “eighty trials for
one day! And Robespierre’s orders to despatch the whole fournee are

“Pooh!” said Fouquier, with a coarse, loud laugh; “we must try them en
masse. I know how to deal with our jury. ‘Je pense, citoyens, que vous
etes convaincus du crime des accuses?’ (I think, citizens, that you are
convinced of the crime of the accused.) Ha! ha!--the longer the list,
the shorter the work.”

“Oh, yes,” growled out Henriot, with an oath,--as usual, half-drunk,
and lolling on his chair, with his spurred heels on the table,--“little
Tinville is the man for despatch.”

“Citizen Henriot,” said Dumas, gravely, “permit me to request thee
to select another footstool; and for the rest, let me warn thee that
to-morrow is a critical and important day; one that will decide the fate
of France.”

“A fig for little France! Vive le Vertueux Robespierre, la Colonne de
la Republique! (Long life to the virtuous Robespierre, the pillar of the
Republic!) Plague on this talking; it is dry work. Hast thou no eau de
vie in that little cupboard?”

Dumas and Fouquier exchanged looks of disgust. Dumas shrugged his
shoulders, and replied,--

“It is to guard thee against eau de vie, Citizen General Henriot, that I
have requested thee to meet me here. Listen if thou canst!”

“Oh, talk away! thy metier is to talk, mine to fight and to drink.”

“To-morrow, I tell thee then, the populace will be abroad; all factions
will be astir. It is probable enough that they will even seek to arrest
our tumbrils on their way to the guillotine. Have thy men armed and
ready; keep the streets clear; cut down without mercy whomsoever may
obstruct the ways.”

“I understand,” said Henriot, striking his sword so loudly that Dumas
half-started at the clank,--“Black Henriot is no ‘Indulgent.’”

“Look to it, then, citizen,--look to it! And hark thee,” he added, with
a grave and sombre brow, “if thou wouldst keep thine own head on thy
shoulders, beware of the eau de vie.”

“My own head!--sacre mille tonnerres! Dost thou threaten the general of
the Parisian army?”

Dumas, like Robespierre, a precise atrabilious, and arrogant man, was
about to retort, when the craftier Tinville laid his hand on his arm,
and, turning to the general, said, “My dear Henriot, thy dauntless
republicanism, which is too ready to give offence, must learn to take
a reprimand from the representative of Republican Law. Seriously, mon
cher, thou must be sober for the next three or four days; after the
crisis is over, thou and I will drink a bottle together. Come, Dumas
relax thine austerity, and shake hands with our friend. No quarrels
amongst ourselves!”

Dumas hesitated, and extended his hand, which the ruffian clasped; and,
maudlin tears succeeding his ferocity, he half-sobbed, half-hiccoughed
forth his protestations of civism and his promises of sobriety.

“Well, we depend on thee, mon general,” said Dumas; “and now, since we
shall all have need of vigour for to-morrow, go home and sleep soundly.”

“Yes, I forgive thee, Dumas,--I forgive thee. I am not vindictive,--I!
but still, if a man threatens me; if a man insults me--” and, with the
quick changes of intoxication, again his eyes gleamed fire through their
foul tears. With some difficulty Fouquier succeeded at last in soothing
the brute, and leading him from the chamber. But still, as some wild
beast disappointed of a prey, he growled and snarled as his heavy tread
descended the stairs. A tall trooper, mounted, was leading Henriot’s
horse to and fro the streets; and as the general waited at the porch
till his attendant turned, a stranger stationed by the wall accosted

“General Henriot, I have desired to speak with thee. Next to
Robespierre, thou art, or shouldst be, the most powerful man in France.”

“Hem!--yes, I ought to be. What then?--every man has not his deserts!”

“Hist!” said the stranger; “thy pay is scarcely suitable to thy rank and
thy wants.”

“That is true.”

“Even in a revolution, a man takes care of his fortunes!”

“Diable! speak out, citizen.”

“I have a thousand pieces of gold with me,--they are thine, if thou wilt
grant me one small favour.”

“Citizen, I grant it!” said Henriot, waving his hand majestically. “Is
it to denounce some rascal who has offended thee?”

“No; it is simply this: write these words to President Dumas, ‘Admit
the bearer to thy presence; and, if thou canst, grant him the request
he will make to thee, it will be an inestimable obligation to Francois
Henriot.’” The stranger, as he spoke, placed pencil and tablets in the
shaking hands of the soldier.

“And where is the gold?”


With some difficulty, Henriot scrawled the words dictated to him,
clutched the gold, mounted his horse, and was gone.

Meanwhile Fouquier, when he had closed the door upon Henriot, said
sharply, “How canst thou be so mad as to incense that brigand? Knowest
thou not that our laws are nothing without the physical force of the
National Guard, and that he is their leader?”

“I know this, that Robespierre must have been mad to place that drunkard
at their head; and mark my words, Fouquier, if the struggle come, it
is that man’s incapacity and cowardice that will destroy us. Yes, thou
mayst live thyself to accuse thy beloved Robespierre, and to perish in
his fall.”

“For all that, we must keep well with Henriot till we can find the
occasion to seize and behead him. To be safe, we must fawn on those who
are still in power; and fawn the more, the more we would depose them.
Do not think this Henriot, when he wakes to-morrow, will forget thy
threats. He is the most revengeful of human beings. Thou must send and
soothe him in the morning!”

“Right,” said Dumas, convinced. “I was too hasty; and now I think we
have nothing further to do, since we have arranged to make short work
with our fournee of to-morrow. I see in the list a knave I have long
marked out, though his crime once procured me a legacy,--Nicot, the

“And young Andre Chenier, the poet? Ah, I forgot; we be headed HIM
to-day! Revolutionary virtue is at its acme. His own brother abandoned
him.” (His brother is said, indeed, to have contributed to the
condemnation of this virtuous and illustrious person. He was heard to
cry aloud, “Si mon frere est coupable, qu’il perisse” (If my brother be
culpable, let him die). This brother, Marie-Joseph, also a poet, and
the author of “Charles IX.,” so celebrated in the earlier days of the
Revolution, enjoyed, of course, according to the wonted justice of the
world, a triumphant career, and was proclaimed in the Champ de Mars “le
premier de poetes Francais,” a title due to his murdered brother.)

“There is a foreigner,--an Italian woman in the list; but I can find no
charge made out against her.”

“All the same we must execute her for the sake of the round number;
eighty sounds better than seventy-nine!”

Here a huissier brought a paper on which was written the request of

“Ah! this is fortunate,” said Tinville, to whom Dumas chucked the
scroll,--“grant the prayer by all means; so at least that it does not
lessen our bead-roll. But I will do Henriot the justice to say that
he never asks to let off, but to put on. Good-night! I am worn out--my
escort waits below. Only on such an occasion would I venture forth in
the streets at night.” (During the latter part of the Reign of Terror,
Fouquier rarely stirred out at night, and never without an escort. In
the Reign of Terror those most terrified were its kings.) And Fouquier,
with a long yawn, quitted the room.

“Admit the bearer!” said Dumas, who, withered and dried, as lawyers
in practice mostly are, seemed to require as little sleep as his

The stranger entered.

“Rene-Francois Dumas,” said he, seating himself opposite to the
president, and markedly adopting the plural, as if in contempt of the
revolutionary jargon, “amidst the excitement and occupations of your
later life, I know not if you can remember that we have met before?”

The judge scanned the features of his visitor, and a pale blush settled
on his sallow cheeks, “Yes, citizen, I remember!”

“And you recall the words I then uttered! You spoke tenderly and
philanthropically of your horror of capital executions; you exulted
in the approaching Revolution as the termination of all sanguinary
punishments; you quoted reverently the saying of Maximilien Robespierre,
the rising statesman, ‘The executioner is the invention of the tyrant:’
and I replied, that while you spoke, a foreboding seized me that
we should meet again when your ideas of death and the philosophy of
revolutions might be changed! Was I right, Citizen Rene-Francois Dumas,
President of the Revolutionary Tribunal?”

“Pooh!” said Dumas, with some confusion on his brazen brow, “I spoke
then as men speak who have not acted. Revolutions are not made with
rose-water! But truce to the gossip of the long-ago. I remember, also,
that thou didst then save the life of my relation, and it will please
thee to learn that his intended murderer will be guillotined to-morrow.”

“That concerns yourself,--your justice or your revenge. Permit me the
egotism to remind you that you then promised that if ever a day should
come when you could serve me, your life--yes, the phrase was, ‘your
heart’s blood’--was at my bidding. Think not, austere judge, that I
come to ask a boon that can affect yourself,--I come but to ask a day’s
respite for another!”

“Citizen, it is impossible! I have the order of Robespierre that not one
less than the total on my list must undergo their trial for to-morrow.
As for the verdict, that rests with the jury!”

“I do not ask you to diminish the catalogue. Listen still! In your
death-roll there is the name of an Italian woman whose youth, whose
beauty, and whose freedom not only from every crime, but every tangible
charge, will excite only compassion, and not terror. Even YOU would
tremble to pronounce her sentence. It will be dangerous on a day when
the populace will be excited, when your tumbrils may be arrested, to
expose youth and innocence and beauty to the pity and courage of a
revolted crowd.”

Dumas looked up and shrunk from the eye of the stranger.

“I do not deny, citizen, that there is reason in what thou urgest. But
my orders are positive.”

“Positive only as to the number of the victims. I offer you a substitute
for this one. I offer you the head of a man who knows all of the very
conspiracy which now threatens Robespierre and yourself, and compared
with one clew to which, you would think even eighty ordinary lives a
cheap purchase.”

“That alters the case,” said Dumas, eagerly; “if thou canst do this, on
my own responsibility I will postpone the trial of the Italian. Now name
the proxy!”

“You behold him!”

“Thou!” exclaimed Dumas, while a fear he could not conceal betrayed
itself through his surprise. “Thou!--and thou comest to me alone at
night, to offer thyself to justice. Ha!--this is a snare. Tremble,
fool!--thou art in my power, and I can have BOTH!”

“You can,” said the stranger, with a calm smile of disdain; “but my life
is valueless without my revelations. Sit still, I command you,--hear
me!” and the light in those dauntless eyes spell-bound and awed the
judge. “You will remove me to the Conciergerie,--you will fix my trial,
under the name of Zanoni, amidst your fournee of to-morrow. If I do
not satisfy you by my speech, you hold the woman I die to save as your
hostage. It is but the reprieve for her of a single day that I demand.
The day following the morrow I shall be dust, and you may wreak your
vengeance on the life that remains. Tush! judge and condemner of
thousands, do you hesitate,--do you imagine that the man who voluntarily
offers himself to death will be daunted into uttering one syllable at
your Bar against his will? Have you not had experience enough of the
inflexibility of pride and courage? President, I place before you the
ink and implements! Write to the jailer a reprieve of one day for the
woman whose life can avail you nothing, and I will bear the order to my
own prison: I, who can now tell this much as an earnest of what I can
communicate,--while I speak, your own name, judge, is in a list of
death. I can tell you by whose hand it is written down; I can tell you
in what quarter to look for danger; I can tell you from what cloud, in
this lurid atmosphere, hangs the storm that shall burst on Robespierre
and his reign!”

Dumas grew pale; and his eyes vainly sought to escape the magnetic gaze
that overpowered and mastered him. Mechanically, and as if under an
agency not his own, he wrote while the stranger dictated.

“Well,” he said then, forcing a smile to his lips, “I promised I would
serve you; see, I am faithful to my word. I suppose that you are one of
those fools of feeling,--those professors of anti-revolutionary virtue,
of whom I have seen not a few before my Bar. Faugh! it sickens me to see
those who make a merit of incivism, and perish to save some bad patriot,
because it is a son, or a father, or a wife, or a daughter, who is

“I AM one of those fools of feeling,” said the stranger, rising. “You
have divined aright.”

“And wilt thou not, in return for my mercy, utter to-night the
revelations thou wouldst proclaim to-morrow? Come; and perhaps thou
too--nay, the woman also--may receive, not reprieve, but pardon.”

“Before your tribunal, and there alone! Nor will I deceive you,
president. My information may avail you not; and even while I show the
cloud, the bolt may fall.”

“Tush! prophet, look to thyself! Go, madman, go. I know too well the
contumacious obstinacy of the class to which I suspect thou belongest,
to waste further words. Diable! but ye grow so accustomed to look on
death, that ye forget the respect ye owe to it. Since thou offerest
me thy head, I accept it. To-morrow thou mayst repent; it will be too

“Ay, too late, president!” echoed the calm visitor.

“But, remember, it is not pardon, it is but a day’s reprieve, I have
promised to this woman. According as thou dost satisfy me to-morrow,
she lives or dies. I am frank, citizen; thy ghost shall not haunt me for
want of faith.”

“It is but a day that I have asked; the rest I leave to justice and to
Heaven. Your huissiers wait below.”


     Und den Mordstahl seh’ ich blinken;
     Und das Morderauge gluhn!

     (And I see the steel of Murder glitter,
     And the eye of Murder glow.)

Viola was in the prison that opened not but for those already condemned
before adjudged. Since her exile from Zanoni, her very intellect had
seemed paralysed. All that beautiful exuberance of fancy which, if not
the fruit of genius, seemed its blossoms; all that gush of exquisite
thought which Zanoni had justly told her flowed with mysteries and
subtleties ever new to him, the wise one,--all were gone, annihilated;
the blossom withered, the fount dried up. From something almost above
womanhood, she seemed listlessly to sink into something below childhood.
With the inspirer the inspirations had ceased; and, in deserting love,
genius also was left behind.

She scarcely comprehended why she had been thus torn from her home and
the mechanism of her dull tasks. She scarcely knew what meant those
kindly groups, that, struck with her exceeding loveliness, had gathered
round her in the prison, with mournful looks, but with words of comfort.
She, who had hitherto been taught to abhor those whom Law condemns for
crime, was amazed to hear that beings thus compassionate and tender,
with cloudless and lofty brows, with gallant and gentle mien, were
criminals for whom Law had no punishment short of death. But they, the
savages, gaunt and menacing, who had dragged her from her home, who
had attempted to snatch from her the infant while she clasped it in her
arms, and laughed fierce scorn at her mute, quivering lips,--THEY were
the chosen citizens, the men of virtue, the favourites of Power, the
ministers of Law! Such thy black caprices, O thou, the ever-shifting and
calumnious,--Human Judgment!

A squalid, and yet a gay world, did the prison-houses of that day
present. There, as in the sepulchre to which they led, all ranks were
cast with an even-handed scorn. And yet there, the reverence that comes
from great emotions restored Nature’s first and imperishable, and most
lovely, and most noble Law,--THE INEQUALITY BETWEEN MAN AND MAN! There,
place was given by the prisoners, whether royalists or sans-culottes,
to Age, to Learning, to Renown, to Beauty; and Strength, with its own
inborn chivalry, raised into rank the helpless and the weak. The iron
sinews and the Herculean shoulders made way for the woman and the child;
and the graces of Humanity, lost elsewhere, sought their refuge in the
abode of Terror.

“And wherefore, my child, do they bring thee hither?” asked an old,
grey-haired priest.

“I cannot guess.”

“Ah, if you know not your offence, fear the worst!”

“And my child?”--for the infant was still suffered to rest upon her

“Alas, young mother, they will suffer thy child to live.’

“And for this,--an orphan in the dungeon!” murmured the accusing heart
of Viola,--“have I reserved his offspring! Zanoni, even in thought, ask
not--ask not what I have done with the child I bore thee!”

Night came; the crowd rushed to the grate to hear the muster-roll.
(Called, in the mocking jargon of the day, “The Evening Gazette.”) Her
name was with the doomed. And the old priest, better prepared to die,
but reserved from the death-list, laid his hands on her head, and
blessed her while he wept. She heard, and wondered; but she did not
weep. With downcast eyes, with arms folded on her bosom, she bent
submissively to the call. But now another name was uttered; and a man,
who had pushed rudely past her to gaze or to listen, shrieked out a
howl of despair and rage. She turned, and their eyes met. Through
the distance of time she recognised that hideous aspect. Nicot’s face
settled back into its devilish sneer. “At least, gentle Neapolitan, the
guillotine will unite us. Oh, we shall sleep well our wedding-night!”
 And, with a laugh, he strode away through the crowd, and vanished into
his lair.


She was placed in her gloomy cell, to await the morrow. But the child
was still spared her; and she thought it seemed as if conscious of the
awful present. In their way to the prison it had not moaned or wept. It
had looked with its clear eyes, unshrinking, on the gleaming pikes and
savage brows of the huissiers. And now, alone in the dungeon, it put its
arms round her neck, and murmured its indistinct sounds, low and sweet
as some unknown language of consolation and of heaven. And of heaven it
was!--for, at the murmur, the terror melted from her soul; upward, from
the dungeon and the death,--upward, where the happy cherubim chant the
mercy of the All-loving, whispered that cherub’s voice. She fell upon
her knees and prayed. The despoilers of all that beautifies and hallows
life had desecrated the altar, and denied the God!--they had removed
from the last hour of their victims the Priest, the Scripture, and the
Cross! But Faith builds in the dungeon and the lazar-house its sublimest
shrines; and up, through roofs of stone, that shut out the eye of
Heaven, ascends the ladder where the angels glide to and fro,--PRAYER.

And there, in the very cell beside her own, the atheist Nicot sits
stolid amidst the darkness, and hugs the thought of Danton, that death
is nothingness. (“Ma demeure sera bientot LE NEANT” (My abode will soon
be nothingness), said Danton before his judges.)) His, no spectacle
of an appalled and perturbed conscience! Remorse is the echo of a lost
virtue, and virtue he never knew. Had he to live again, he would live
the same. But more terrible than the death-bed of a believing and
despairing sinner that blank gloom of apathy,--that contemplation of
the worm and the rat of the charnel-house; that grim and loathsome
NOTHINGNESS which, for his eye, falls like a pall over the universe of
life. Still, staring into space, gnawing his livid lip, he looks upon
the darkness, convinced that darkness is forever and forever!


Place, there! place! Room yet in your crowded cells. Another has come to
the slaughter-house.

As the jailer, lamp in hand, ushered in the stranger, the latter touched
him and whispered. The stranger drew a jewel from his finger. Diantre,
how the diamond flashed in the ray of the lamp! Value each head of your
eighty at a thousand francs, and the jewel is more worth than all!
The jailer paused, and the diamond laughed in his dazzled eyes. O thou
Cerberus, thou hast mastered all else that seems human in that fell
employ! Thou hast no pity, no love, and no remorse. But Avarice survives
the rest, and the foul heart’s master-serpent swallows up the tribe.
Ha! ha! crafty stranger, thou hast conquered! They tread the gloomy
corridor; they arrive at the door where the jailer has placed the fatal
mark, now to be erased, for the prisoner within is to be reprieved a
day. The key grates in the lock; the door yawns,--the stranger takes the
lamp and enters.

CHAPTER 7.XVII. The Seventeenth and Last.

     Cosi vince Goffredo!
     “Ger. Lib.” cant. xx.-xliv.

     (Thus conquered Godfrey.)

And Viola was in prayer. She heard not the opening of the door; she saw
not the dark shadow that fell along the floor. HIS power, HIS arts were
gone; but the mystery and the spell known to HER simple heart did not
desert her in the hours of trial and despair. When Science falls as a
firework from the sky it would invade; when Genius withers as a flower
in the breath of the icy charnel,--the hope of a child-like soul wraps
the air in light, and the innocence of unquestioning Belief covers the
grave with blossoms.

In the farthest corner of the cell she knelt; and the infant, as if to
imitate what it could not comprehend, bent its little limbs, and bowed
its smiling face, and knelt with her also, by her side.

He stood and gazed upon them as the light of the lamp fell calmly on
their forms. It fell over those clouds of golden hair, dishevelled,
parted, thrown back from the rapt, candid brow; the dark eyes raised
on high, where, through the human tears, a light as from above was
mirrored; the hands clasped, the lips apart, the form all animate and
holy with the sad serenity of innocence and the touching humility of
woman. And he heard her voice, though it scarcely left her lips: the low
voice that the heart speaks,--loud enough for God to hear!

“And if never more to see him, O Father! Canst Thou not make the love
that will not die, minister, even beyond the grave, to his earthly fate?
Canst Thou not yet permit it, as a living spirit, to hover over him,--a
spirit fairer than all his science can conjure? Oh, whatever lot be
ordained to either, grant--even though a thousand ages may roll between
us--grant, when at last purified and regenerate, and fitted for the
transport of such reunion--grant that we may meet once more! And for his
child,--it kneels to Thee from the dungeon floor! To-morrow, and whose
breast shall cradle it; whose hand shall feed; whose lips shall pray for
its weal below and its soul hereafter!” She paused,--her voice choked
with sobs.

“Thou Viola!--thou, thyself. He whom thou hast deserted is here to
preserve the mother to the child!”

She started!--those accents, tremulous as her own! She started to
her feet!--he was there,--in all the pride of his unwaning youth and
superhuman beauty; there, in the house of dread, and in the hour of
travail; there, image and personation of the love that can pierce the
Valley of the Shadow, and can glide, the unscathed wanderer from the
heaven, through the roaring abyss of hell!

With a cry never, perhaps, heard before in that gloomy vault,--a cry of
delight and rapture, she sprang forward, and fell at his feet.

He bent down to raise her; but she slid from his arms. He called her by
the familiar epithets of the old endearment, and she only answered him
by sobs. Wildly, passionately, she kissed his hands, the hem of his
garment, but voice was gone.

“Look up, look up!--I am here,--I am here to save thee! Wilt thou deny
to me thy sweet face? Truant, wouldst thou fly me still?”

“Fly thee!” she said, at last, and in a broken voice; “oh, if
my thoughts wronged thee,--oh, if my dream, that awful dream,
deceived,--kneel down with me, and pray for our child!” Then springing
to her feet with a sudden impulse, she caught up the infant, and,
placing it in his arms, sobbed forth, with deprecating and humble tones,
“Not for my sake,--not for mine, did I abandon thee, but--”

“Hush!” said Zanoni; “I know all the thoughts that thy confused and
struggling senses can scarcely analyse themselves. And see how, with a
look, thy child answers them!”

And in truth the face of that strange infant seemed radiant with its
silent and unfathomable joy. It seemed as if it recognised the father;
it clung--it forced itself to his breast, and there, nestling, turned
its bright, clear eyes upon Viola, and smiled.

“Pray for my child!” said Zanoni, mournfully. “The thoughts of souls
that would aspire as mine are All PRAYER!” And, seating himself by her
side, he began to reveal to her some of the holier secrets of his lofty
being. He spoke of the sublime and intense faith from which alone the
diviner knowledge can arise,--the faith which, seeing the immortal
everywhere, purifies and exalts the mortal that beholds, the glorious
ambition that dwells not in the cabals and crimes of earth, but amidst
those solemn wonders that speak not of men, but of God; of that power to
abstract the soul from the clay which gives to the eye of the soul its
subtle vision, and to the soul’s wing the unlimited realm; of that
pure, severe, and daring initiation from which the mind emerges, as from
death, into clear perceptions of its kindred with the Father-Principles
of life and light, so that in its own sense of the Beautiful it finds
its joy; in the serenity of its will, its power; in its sympathy with
the youthfulness of the Infinite Creation, of which itself is an essence
and a part, the secrets that embalm the very clay which they consecrate,
and renew the strength of life with the ambrosia of mysterious and
celestial sleep. And while he spoke, Viola listened, breathless. If she
could not comprehend, she no longer dared to distrust. She felt that in
that enthusiasm, self-deceiving or not, no fiend could lurk; and by an
intuition, rather than an effort of the reason, she saw before her, like
a starry ocean, the depth and mysterious beauty of the soul which
her fears had wronged. Yet, when he said (concluding his strange
confessions) that to this life WITHIN life and ABOVE life he had dreamed
to raise her own, the fear of humanity crept over her, and he read in
her silence how vain, with all his science, would the dream have been.

But now, as he closed, and, leaning on his breast, she felt the clasp of
his protecting arms,--when, in one holy kiss, the past was forgiven and
the present lost,--then there returned to her the sweet and warm hopes
of the natural life, of the loving woman. He was come to save her! She
asked not how,--she believed it without a question. They should be at
last again united. They would fly far from those scenes of violence and
blood. Their happy Ionian isle, their fearless solitudes, would once
more receive them. She laughed, with a child’s joy, as this picture rose
up amidst the gloom of the dungeon. Her mind, faithful to its sweet,
simple instincts, refused to receive the lofty images that flitted
confusedly by it, and settled back to its human visions, yet more
baseless, of the earthly happiness and the tranquil home.

“Talk not now to me, beloved,--talk not more now to me of the past! Thou
art here,--thou wilt save me; we shall live yet the common happy life,
that life with thee is happiness and glory enough to me. Traverse, if
thou wilt, in thy pride of soul, the universe; thy heart again is the
universe to mine. I thought but now that I was prepared to die; I see
thee, touch thee, and again I know how beautiful a thing is life! See
through the grate the stars are fading from the sky; the morrow will
soon be here,--The MORROW which will open the prison doors! Thou sayest
thou canst save me,--I will not doubt it now. Oh, let us dwell no more
in cities! I never doubted thee in our lovely isle; no dreams haunted
me there, except dreams of joy and beauty; and thine eyes made yet more
beautiful and joyous the world in waking. To-morrow!--why do you not
smile? To-morrow, love! is not TO-MORROW a blessed word! Cruel! you
would punish me still, that you will not share my joy. Aha! see our
little one, how it laughs to my eyes! I will talk to THAT. Child, thy
father is come back!”

And taking the infant in her arms, and seating herself at a little
distance, she rocked it to and fro on her bosom, and prattled to it, and
kissed it between every word, and laughed and wept by fits, as ever and
anon she cast over her shoulder her playful, mirthful glance upon the
father to whom those fading stars smiled sadly their last farewell. How
beautiful she seemed as she thus sat, unconscious of the future! Still
half a child herself, her child laughing to her laughter,--two soft
triflers on the brink of the grave! Over her throat, as she bent, fell,
like a golden cloud, her redundant hair; it covered her treasure like
a veil of light, and the child’s little hands put it aside from time to
time, to smile through the parted tresses, and then to cover its face
and peep and smile again. It were cruel to damp that joy, more cruel
still to share it.

“Viola,” said Zanoni, at last, “dost thou remember that, seated by the
cave on the moonlit beach, in our bridal isle, thou once didst ask me
for this amulet?--the charm of a superstition long vanished from the
world, with the creed to which it belonged. It is the last relic of my
native land, and my mother, on her deathbed, placed it round my neck.
I told thee then I would give it thee on that day WHEN THE LAWS OF OUR

“I remember it well.”

“To-morrow it shall be thine!”

“Ah, that dear to-morrow!” And, gently laying down her child,--for it
slept now,--she threw herself on his breast, and pointed to the dawn
that began greyly to creep along the skies.

There, in those horror-breathing walls, the day-star looked through the
dismal bars upon those three beings, in whom were concentrated whatever
is most tender in human ties; whatever is most mysterious in the
combinations of the human mind; the sleeping Innocence; the trustful
Affection, that, contented with a touch, a breath, can foresee no
sorrow; the weary Science that, traversing all the secrets of creation,
comes at last to Death for their solution, and still clings, as it
nears the threshold, to the breast of Love. Thus, within, THE WITHIN,--a
dungeon; without, the WITHOUT,--stately with marts and halls, with
palaces and temples; Revenge and Terror, at their dark schemes and
counter-schemes; to and fro, upon the tide of the shifting passions,
reeled the destinies of men and nations; and hard at hand that day-star,
waning into space, looked with impartial eye on the church tower and
the guillotine. Up springs the blithesome morn. In yon gardens the
birds renew their familiar song. The fishes are sporting through the
freshening waters of the Seine. The gladness of divine nature, the
roar and dissonance of mortal life, awake again: the trader unbars his
windows; the flower-girls troop gayly to their haunts; busy feet are
tramping to the daily drudgeries that revolutions which strike down
kings and kaisars, leave the same Cain’s heritage to the boor; the
wagons groan and reel to the mart; Tyranny, up betimes, holds its pallid
levee; Conspiracy, that hath not slept, hears the clock, and whispers to
its own heart, “The hour draws near.” A group gather, eager-eyed, round
the purlieus of the Convention Hall; to-day decides the sovereignty of
France,--about the courts of the Tribunal their customary hum and stir.
No matter what the hazard of the die, or who the ruler, this day eighty
heads shall fall!


And she slept so sweetly. Wearied out with joy, secure in the presence
of the eyes regained, she had laughed and wept herself to sleep; and
still in that slumber there seemed a happy consciousness that the loved
was by,--the lost was found. For she smiled and murmured to herself, and
breathed his name often, and stretched out her arms, and sighed if
they touched him not. He gazed upon her as he stood apart,--with what
emotions it were vain to say. She would wake no more to him; she could
not know how dearly the safety of that sleep was purchased. That morrow
she had so yearned for,--it had come at last. HOW WOULD SHE GREET
THE EVE? Amidst all the exquisite hopes with which love and youth
contemplate the future, her eyes had closed. Those hopes still lent
their iris-colours to her dreams. She would wake to live! To-morrow, and
the Reign of Terror was no more; the prison gates would be opened,--she
would go forth, with their child, into that summer-world of light. And
HE?--he turned, and his eye fell upon the child; it was broad awake, and
that clear, serious, thoughtful look which it mostly wore, watched him
with a solemn steadiness. He bent over and kissed its lips.

“Never more,” he murmured, “O heritor of love and grief,--never more
wilt thou see me in thy visions; never more will the light of those
eyes be fed by celestial commune; never more can my soul guard from
thy pillow the trouble and the disease. Not such as I would have vainly
shaped it, must be thy lot. In common with thy race, it must be thine
to suffer, to struggle, and to err. But mild be thy human trials, and
strong be thy spirit to love and to believe! And thus, as I gaze upon
thee,--thus may my nature breathe into thine its last and most intense
desire; may my love for thy mother pass to thee, and in thy looks may
she hear my spirit comfort and console her. Hark! they come! Yes! I
await ye both beyond the grave!”

The door slowly opened; the jailer appeared, and through the aperture
rushed, at the same instant, a ray of sunlight: it streamed over the
fair, hushed face of the happy sleeper,--it played like a smile upon
the lips of the child that, still, mute, and steadfast, watched the
movements of its father. At that moment Viola muttered in her sleep,
“The day is come,--the gates are open! Give me thy hand; we will go
forth! To sea, to sea! How the sunshine plays upon the waters!--to home,
beloved one, to home again!”

“Citizen, thine hour is come!”

“Hist! she sleeps! A moment! There, it is done! thank Heaven!--and STILL
she sleeps!” He would not kiss, lest he should awaken her, but gently
placed round her neck the amulet that would speak to her, hereafter,
the farewell,--and promise, in that farewell, reunion! He is at the
threshold,--he turns again, and again. The door closes! He is gone

She woke at last,--she gazed round. “Zanoni, it is day!” No answer but
the low wail of her child. Merciful Heaven! was it then all a dream?
She tossed back the long tresses that must veil her sight; she felt
the amulet on her bosom,--it was NO dream! “O God! and he is gone!” She
sprang to the door,--she shrieked aloud. The jailer comes. “My husband,
my child’s father?”

“He is gone before thee, woman!”

“Whither? Speak--speak!”

“To the guillotine!”--and the black door closed again.

It closed upon the senseless! As a lightning-flash, Zanoni’s words, his
sadness, the true meaning of his mystic gift, the very sacrifice he
made for her, all became distinct for a moment to her mind,--and then
darkness swept on it like a storm, yet darkness which had its light. And
while she sat there, mute, rigid, voiceless, as congealed to stone, A
VISION, like a wind, glided over the deeps within,--the grim court, the
judge, the jury, the accuser; and amidst the victims the one dauntless
and radiant form.

“Thou knowest the danger to the State,--confess!”

“I know; and I keep my promise. Judge, I reveal thy doom! I know that
the Anarchy thou callest a State expires with the setting of this sun.
Hark, to the tramp without; hark to the roar of voices! Room there, ye
dead!--room in hell for Robespierre and his crew!”

They hurry into the court,--the hasty and pale messengers; there is
confusion and fear and dismay! “Off with the conspirator, and to-morrow
the woman thou wouldst have saved shall die!”

“To-morrow, president, the steel falls on THEE!”

On, through the crowded and roaring streets, on moves the Procession of
Death. Ha, brave people! thou art aroused at last. They shall not die!
Death is dethroned!--Robespierre has fallen!--they rush to the rescue!
Hideous in the tumbril, by the side of Zanoni, raved and gesticulated
that form which, in his prophetic dreams, he had seen his companion at
the place of death. “Save us!--save us!” howled the atheist Nicot. “On,
brave populace! we SHALL be saved!” And through the crowd, her dark
hair streaming wild, her eyes flashing fire, pressed a female form, “My
Clarence!” she shrieked, in the soft Southern language native to the
ears of Viola; “butcher! what hast thou done with Clarence?” Her eyes
roved over the eager faces of the prisoners; she saw not the one she
sought. “Thank Heaven!--thank Heaven! I am not thy murderess!”

Nearer and nearer press the populace,--another moment, and the deathsman
is defrauded. O Zanoni! why still upon THY brow the resignation that
speaks no hope? Tramp! tramp! through the streets dash the armed troop;
faithful to his orders, Black Henriot leads them on. Tramp! tramp!
over the craven and scattered crowd! Here, flying in disorder,--there,
trampled in the mire, the shrieking rescuers! And amidst them, stricken
by the sabres of the guard, her long hair blood-bedabbled, lies the
Italian woman; and still upon her writhing lips sits joy, as they
murmur, “Clarence! I have not destroyed thee!”

On to the Barriere du Trone. It frowns dark in the air,--the giant
instrument of murder! One after one to the glaive,--another and another
and another! Mercy! O mercy! Is the bridge between the sun and the
shades so brief,--brief as a sigh? There, there,--HIS turn has come.
“Die not yet; leave me not behind; hear me--hear me!” shrieked the
inspired sleeper. “What! and thou smilest still!” They smiled,--those
pale lips,--and WITH the smile, the place of doom, the headsman, the
horror vanished. With that smile, all space seemed suffused in eternal
sunshine. Up from the earth he rose; he hovered over her,--a thing not
of matter, an IDEA of joy and light! Behind, Heaven opened, deep after
deep; and the Hosts of Beauty were seen, rank upon rank, afar; and
“Welcome!” in a myriad melodies, broke from your choral multitude, ye
People of the Skies,--“welcome! O purified by sacrifice, and immortal
only through the grave,--this it is to die.” And radiant amidst the
radiant, the IMAGE stretched forth its arms, and murmured to the
sleeper: “Companion of Eternity!--THIS it is to die!”


“Ho! wherefore do they make us signs from the house-tops? Wherefore
gather the crowds through the street? Why sounds the bell? Why shrieks
the tocsin? Hark to the guns!--the armed clash! Fellow-captives, is
there hope for us at last?”

So gasp out the prisoners, each to each. Day wanes--evening closes;
still they press their white faces to the bars, and still from window
and from house-top they see the smiles of friends,--the waving signals!
“Hurrah!” at last,--“Hurrah! Robespierre is fallen! The Reign of Terror
is no more! God hath permitted us to live!”

Yes; cast thine eyes into the hall where the tyrant and his conclave
hearkened to the roar without! Fulfilling the prophecy of Dumas,
Henriot, drunk with blood and alcohol, reels within, and chucks his gory
sabre on the floor. “All is lost!”

“Wretch! thy cowardice hath destroyed us!” yelled the fierce Coffinhal,
as he hurled the coward from the window.

Calm as despair stands the stern St. Just; the palsied Couthon crawls,
grovelling, beneath table; a shot,--an explosion! Robespierre would
destroy himself! The trembling hand has mangled, and failed to kill! The
clock of the Hotel de Ville strikes the third hour. Through the battered
door, along the gloomy passages, into the Death-hall, burst the crowd.
Mangled, livid, blood-stained, speechless but not unconscious, sits
haughty yet, in his seat erect, the Master-Murderer! Around him they
throng; they hoot,--they execrate, their faces gleaming in the tossing
torches! HE, and not the starry Magian, the REAL Sorcerer! And round HIS
last hours gather the Fiends he raised!

They drag him forth! Open thy gates, inexorable prison! The Conciergerie
receives its prey! Never a word again on earth spoke Maximilien
Robespierre! Pour forth thy thousands, and tens of thousands,
emancipated Paris! To the Place de la Revolution rolls the tumbril of
the King of Terror,--St. Just, Dumas, Couthon, his companions to the
grave! A woman--a childless woman, with hoary hair--springs to his
side, “Thy death makes me drunk with joy!” He opened his bloodshot
eyes,--“Descend to hell with the curses of wives and mothers!”

The headsmen wrench the rag from the shattered jaw; a shriek, and the
crowd laugh, and the axe descends amidst the shout of the countless
thousands, and blackness rushes on thy soul, Maximilien Robespierre! So
ended the Reign of Terror.


Daylight in the prison. From cell to cell they hurry with the
news,--crowd upon crowd; the joyous captives mingled with the very
jailers, who, for fear, would fain seem joyous too; they stream through
the dens and alleys of the grim house they will shortly leave. They
burst into a cell, forgotten since the previous morning. They found
there a young female, sitting upon her wretched bed; her arms crossed
upon her bosom, her face raised upward; the eyes unclosed, and a smile
of more than serenity--of bliss--upon her lips. Even in the riot of
their joy, they drew back in astonishment and awe. Never had they seen
life so beautiful; and as they crept nearer, and with noiseless feet,
they saw that the lips breathed not, that the repose was of marble,
that the beauty and the ecstasy were of death. They gathered round in
silence; and lo! at her feet there was a young infant, who, wakened
by their tread, looked at them steadfastly, and with its rosy fingers
played with its dead mother’s robe. An orphan there in a dungeon vault!

“Poor one!” said a female (herself a parent), “and they say the father
fell yesterday; and now the mother! Alone in the world, what can be its

The infant smiled fearlessly on the crowd, as the woman spoke thus. And
the old priest, who stood amongst them, said gently, “Woman, see! the



The curiosity which Zanoni has excited among those who think it worth
while to dive into the subtler meanings they believe it intended to
convey, may excuse me in adding a few words, not in explanation of its
mysteries, but upon the principles which permit them. Zanoni is not, as
some have supposed, an allegory; but beneath the narrative it relates,
TYPICAL meanings are concealed. It is to be regarded in two characters,
distinct yet harmonious,--1st, that of the simple and objective fiction,
in which (once granting the license of the author to select a subject
which is, or appears to be, preternatural) the reader judges the writer
by the usual canons,--namely, by the consistency of his characters
under such admitted circumstances, the interest of his story, and the
coherence of his plot; of the work regarded in this view, it is not my
intention to say anything, whether in exposition of the design, or in
defence of the execution. No typical meanings (which, in plain terms are
but moral suggestions, more or less numerous, more or less subtle) can
afford just excuse to a writer of fiction, for the errors he should
avoid in the most ordinary novel. We have no right to expect the most
ingenious reader to search for the inner meaning, if the obvious course
of the narrative be tedious and displeasing. It is, on the contrary,
in proportion as we are satisfied with the objective sense of a work of
imagination, that we are inclined to search into its depths for the more
secret intentions of the author. Were we not so divinely charmed with
“Faust,” and “Hamlet,” and “Prometheus,” so ardently carried on by
the interest of the story told to the common understanding, we should
trouble ourselves little with the types in each which all of us can
detect,--none of us can elucidate; none elucidate, for the essence of
type is mystery. We behold the figure, we cannot lift the veil. The
author himself is not called upon to explain what he designed. An
allegory is a personation of distinct and definite things,--virtues or
qualities,--and the key can be given easily; but a writer who conveys
typical meanings, may express them in myriads. He cannot disentangle all
the hues which commingle into the light he seeks to cast upon truth;
and therefore the great masters of this enchanted soil,--Fairyland of
Fairyland, Poetry imbedded beneath Poetry,--wisely leave to each mind to
guess at such truths as best please or instruct it. To have asked Goethe
to explain the “Faust” would have entailed as complex and puzzling an
answer as to have asked Mephistopheles to explain what is beneath the
earth we tread on. The stores beneath may differ for every passenger;
each step may require a new description; and what is treasure to the
geologist may be rubbish to the miner. Six worlds may lie under a sod,
but to the common eye they are but six layers of stone.

Art in itself, if not necessarily typical, is essentially a suggester of
something subtler than that which it embodies to the sense. What Pliny
tells us of a great painter of old, is true of most great painters;
“their works express something beyond the works,”--“more felt than
understood.” This belongs to the concentration of intellect which high
art demands, and which, of all the arts, sculpture best illustrates.
Take Thorwaldsen’s Statue of Mercury,--it is but a single figure, yet
it tells to those conversant with mythology a whole legend. The god has
removed the pipe from his lips, because he has already lulled to sleep
the Argus, whom you do not see. He is pressing his heel against his
sword, because the moment is come when he may slay his victim. Apply the
principle of this noble concentration of art to the moral writer: he,
too, gives to your eye but a single figure; yet each attitude, each
expression, may refer to events and truths you must have the learning to
remember, the acuteness to penetrate, or the imagination to conjecture.
But to a classical judge of sculpture, would not the exquisite pleasure
of discovering the all not told in Thorwaldsen’s masterpiece be
destroyed if the artist had engraved in detail his meaning at the base
of the statue? Is it not the same with the typical sense which the
artist in words conveys? The pleasure of divining art in each is the
noble exercise of all by whom art is worthily regarded.

We of the humbler race not unreasonably shelter ourselves under the
authority of the masters, on whom the world’s judgment is pronounced;
and great names are cited, not with the arrogance of equals, but with
the humility of inferiors.

The author of Zanoni gives, then, no key to mysteries, be they trivial
or important, which may be found in the secret chambers by those who
lift the tapestry from the wall; but out of the many solutions of the
main enigma--if enigma, indeed, there be--which have been sent to him,
he ventures to select the one which he subjoins, from the ingenuity and
thought which it displays, and from respect for the distinguished writer
(one of the most eminent our time has produced) who deemed him worthy
of an honour he is proud to display. He leaves it to the reader to agree
with, or dissent from the explanation. “A hundred men,” says the old
Platonist, “may read the book by the help of the same lamp, yet all may
differ on the text, for the lamp only lights the characters,--the mind
must divine the meaning.” The object of a parable is not that of a
problem; it does not seek to convince, but to suggest. It takes
the thought below the surface of the understanding to the deeper
intelligence which the world rarely tasks. It is not sunlight on the
water; it is a hymn chanted to the nymph who hearkens and awakes below.




MEJNOUR:--Contemplation of the Actual,--SCIENCE. Always old, and must
last as long as the Actual. Less fallible than Idealism, but less
practically potent, from its ignorance of the human heart.

ZANONI:--Contemplation of the Ideal,--IDEALISM. Always necessarily
sympathetic: lives by enjoyment; and is therefore typified by eternal
youth. (“I do not understand the making Idealism less undying (on this
scene of existence) than Science.”--Commentator. Because, granting
the above premises, Idealism is more subjected than Science to the
Affections, or to Instinct, because the Affections, sooner or later,
force Idealism into the Actual, and in the Actual its immortality
departs. The only absolutely Actual portion of the work is found in the
concluding scenes that depict the Reign of Terror. The introduction of
this part was objected to by some as out of keeping with the fanciful
portions that preceded it. But if the writer of the solution has rightly
shown or suggested the intention of the author, the most strongly
and rudely actual scene of the age in which the story is cast was the
necessary and harmonious completion of the whole. The excesses and
crimes of Humanity are the grave of the Ideal.--Author.) Idealism is the
potent Interpreter and Prophet of the Real; but its powers are impaired
in proportion to their exposure to human passion.

VIOLA:--Human INSTINCT. (Hardly worthy to be called LOVE, as Love would
not forsake its object at the bidding of Superstition.) Resorts, first
in its aspiration after the Ideal, to tinsel shows; then relinquishes
these for a higher love; but is still, from the conditions of its
nature, inadequate to this, and liable to suspicion and mistrust. Its
greatest force (Maternal Instinct) has power to penetrate some secrets,
to trace some movements of the Ideal, but, too feeble to command them,
yields to Superstition, sees sin where there is none, while committing
sin, under a false guidance; weakly seeking refuge amidst the very
tumults of the warring passions of the Actual, while deserting the
serene Ideal,--pining, nevertheless, in the absence of the Ideal, and
expiring (not perishing, but becoming transmuted) in the aspiration
after having the laws of the two natures reconciled.

(It might best suit popular apprehension to call these three the
Understanding, the Imagination, and the Heart.)

CHILD:--NEW-BORN INSTINCT, while trained and informed by Idealism,
promises a preter-human result by its early, incommunicable vigilance
and intelligence, but is compelled, by inevitable orphanhood, and
the one-half of the laws of its existence, to lapse into ordinary

AIDON-AI:--FAITH, which manifests its splendour, and delivers its
oracles, and imparts its marvels, only to the higher moods of the soul,
and whose directed antagonism is with Fear; so that those who employ
the resources of Fear must dispense with those of Faith. Yet aspiration
holds open a way of restoration, and may summon Faith, even when the cry
issues from beneath the yoke of fear.

DWELLER OF THE THRESHOLD:--FEAR (or HORROR), from whose ghastliness men
are protected by the opacity of the region of Prescription and Custom.
The moment this protection is relinquished, and the human spirit pierces
the cloud, and enters alone on the unexplored regions of Nature, this
Natural Horror haunts it, and is to be successfully encountered only
by defiance,--by aspiration towards, and reliance on, the Former and
Director of Nature, whose Messenger and Instrument of reassurance is


NICOT:--Base, grovelling, malignant PASSION.

GLYNDON:--UNSUSTAINED ASPIRATION: Would follow Instinct, but is
deterred by Conventionalism, is overawed by Idealism, yet attracted,
and transiently inspired, but has not steadiness for the initiatory
contemplation of the Actual. He conjoins its snatched privileges with a
besetting sensualism, and suffers at once from the horror of the one and
the disgust of the other, involving the innocent in the fatal conflict
of his spirit. When on the point of perishing, he is rescued by
Idealism, and, unable to rise to that species of existence, is grateful
to be replunged into the region of the Familiar, and takes up his rest
henceforth in Custom. (Mirror of Young Manhood.)



Human Existence subject to, and exempt from, ordinary conditions
(Sickness, Poverty, Ignorance, Death).

SCIENCE is ever striving to carry the most gifted beyond ordinary
conditions,--the result being as many victims as efforts, and the
striver being finally left a solitary,--for his object is unsuitable to
the natures he has to deal with.

The pursuit of the Ideal involves so much emotion as to render the
Idealist vulnerable by human passion, however long and well guarded,
still vulnerable,--liable, at last, to a union with Instinct. Passion
obscures both Insight and Forecast. All effort to elevate Instinct to
Idealism is abortive, the laws of their being not coinciding (in the
early stage of the existence of the one). Instinct is either alarmed,
and takes refuge in Superstition or Custom, or is left helpless to human
charity, or given over to providential care.

Idealism, stripped of in sight and forecast, loses its serenity, becomes
subject once more to the horror from which it had escaped, and by
accepting its aids, forfeits the higher help of Faith; aspiration,
however, remaining still possible, and, thereby, slow restoration; and

Summoned by aspiration, Faith extorts from Fear itself the saving truth
to which Science continues blind, and which Idealism itself hails as its
crowning acquisition,--the inestimable PROOF wrought out by all labours
and all conflicts.

Pending the elaboration of this proof,

CONVENTIONALISM plods on, safe and complacent;

SELFISH PASSION perishes, grovelling and hopeless;

INSTINCT sleeps, in order to a loftier waking; and

IDEALISM learns, as its ultimate lesson, that self-sacrifice is true
redemption; that the region beyond the grave is the fitting one for
exemption from mortal conditions; and that Death is the everlasting
portal, indicated by the finger of God,--the broad avenue through
which man does not issue solitary and stealthy into the region of Free
Existence, but enters triumphant, hailed by a hierarchy of immortal

The result is (in other words), THAT THE UNIVERSAL HUMAN LOT IS, AFTER

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