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Title: Songs of the Army of the Night
Author: Adams, Francis William Lauderdale, 1862-1893
Language: English
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                                  OF THE
                            ARMY OF THE NIGHT.

                                * * * * *

                              FRANCIS ADAMS.

                                * * * * *

               “_For the cause of Labour all over the Earth_.”

                                * * * * *

                             SECOND EDITION.

                                * * * * *

                 WILLIAM REEVES, 185, FLEET STREET, E.C.


   “My sweet, my child, through all this night
      Of dark and wind and rain,
   Where thunder crashes, and the light
      Sears the bewildered brain,

   “It is your face, your lips, your eyes
      I see rise up; I hear
   Your voice that sobs and calls and cries,

   “O this that’s mine is yours as well,
      For side by side our feet
   Trod through these bitter brakes of hell.
      Take it, my child, my sweet!”


Preface                                                             11
This Book                                                           15
                   SONGS OF THE ARMY OF THE NIGHT.
_Proem_:—“Outside London”                                           18
                          _PART I.—ENGLAND_.
In the Camp                                                         19
“Axiom”                                                             20
Drill                                                               20
Evening Hymn in the Hovels                                          21
In the Street: “Lord Shaftesbury”                                   22
“Liberty”                                                           22
In the Edgware Road                                                 24
To the Girls of the Unions                                          24
Hagar                                                               25
“Why?”                                                              26
A Visitor in the Camp                                               27
“Lord Leitrim”                                                      28
“Anarchism”                                                         28
Belgravia by Night: “Move on!”                                      29
Jesus                                                               29
Parallels for the Pious                                             30
“Prayer”                                                            30
To the Christians                                                   31
“Defeat”                                                            31
To John Ruskin                                                      32
To the Emperor William                                              34
Song of the Dispossessed: “To Jesus”                                34
Art                                                                 35
The Peasants’ Revolt                                                35
“Analogy”                                                           37
In Trafalgar Square                                                 37
A Street Fight                                                      37
To a Workman, a would-be Suicide                                    39
Dublin at Dawn                                                      40
The Caged Eagle                                                     41
To Ireland                                                          42
To Charles Parnell                                                  42
An “Assassin”                                                       43
Russia                                                              44
Père-la-Chaise                                                      45
Aux Ternes                                                          46
“The Truth”                                                         47
To the Sons of Labour                                               48
To the Artists                                                      49
“One among so Many”                                                 50
The New Locksley Hall                                               52
Farewell to the Market: “Susannah and Mary-Jane”                    58
                      _PART II.—HERE AND THERE_.
In the Pit: “Chant of the Firemen”                                  60
A Mahommadan Ship Fireman                                           61
To India                                                            61
To England:
     I.  “There was a time”                                         61
    II.  “We hate you”                                              62
   III.  “I whom you fed with shame”                                62
    IV.  “England, the Land I loved”                                63
Hong Kong Lyrics:
     I.  “At Anchor in that Harbour”                                64
    II.  “There is much in this Sea-way City”                       65
   III.  “I stand and watch the Soldiers”                           65
    IV.  “Happy Valley”                                             66
A Glimpse of China:
     I.  In a Sampan                                                67
    II.  In a Chair                                                 67
   III.  “Caste”                                                    68
    IV.  Over the Samovar                                           69
To Japan                                                            70
Dai Butsu                                                           70
“England”                                                           71
The Fisherman                                                       71
A South-Sea Islander                                                72
New Summer Converts                                                 72
A Death at Sea:
     I.  “Dead in the Sheep-Pen”                                    73
    II.  “In the Warm, Cloudy Night”                                74
   III.  “Dirge”                                                    74
                        _PART III.—AUSTRALIA_.
The Outcasts                                                        75
James Moorhouse                                                     75
In the Sea Gardens: “The Man of the Nation”                         78
“Upstarts”                                                          79
Labour—Capital—Land                                                 79
Australia                                                           80
Art                                                                 80
“Henry George”                                                      81
William Wallace                                                     83
The Australian Flag                                                 83
To an Old Friend in England: “Esau”                                 84
At the Seamen’s Union: “The Seamen and the Miners”                  84
To His Love                                                         85
Her Poem: “My Baby Girl that was born and died on the same          86
To Henry George in America                                          86
“Algernon Charles Swinburne”                                        87
To an Unionist                                                      88
To my Friend, Sydney Jephcott                                       89
To E. L. Zox                                                        89
“Father Abe”: Song of the American Sons of Labour                   90
“A Fool”                                                            93
Mount Rennie:
     I.  The Australian Press speaks                                95
    II.  The Time-Spirit speaks                                     97
“Tyranny”: The Delegates speak                                      97
From a Verandah: “Armageddon”                                       98
“Elsie”—A Memory                                                    99
“Nationalism and M’Ilwraith”                                        99
To the Emperor William                                             100
A Story                                                            101
At the India Docks                                                 103
Dirge: “A Little Soldier of the Army of the Night”                 108
To Queen Victoria in England                                       109
Farewell to the Children                                           111
Epode: On the Ranges, Queensland                                   113
                              * * * * *
Australian Press Notices                                           116


A few words of preface seem necessary in sending out this little book.
It is to be looked on as the product of the life of a social worker in
England, in his travels, and in Australia.  The key-note of the First
Part—“England”—is desperation, or, if any hope, then “desperate hope.”  A
friend once reported to me a saying of Matthew Arnold’s, that he did not
believe in any man of intelligence taking a desperate view of the social
problem in England.  I am afraid that saying relegates me to the ranks of
the fools, but I am content to remain there.  I believe that never since
1381, which is the date of the Peasants’ Revolt, has England presented
such a spectacle of the happiness of the tens, of the misery of the
millions.  It is not by any means the artisan, or the general or the
agricultural labourer, who is the only sufferer.  All society groans
under the slavery of stupendous toil and a pittance wage.  The negro
slavery of the Southern States of America was better than the white
slavery of to-day all over the earth, but more particularly in Europe and
in America.  Capitalism is built on the dreadful wrong of recompensing
Labour, not according to the worth of its work, but according to the
worth of its members in the market of unlimited competition, and that
soon comes to mean the payment of what will hold body and soul together
when in the enjoyment of health and strength.  Landlordism is built on
the dreadful wrong of sharing with Capitalism the plunder of Labour.  Why
are rents high in Australia?  Because here Labour is scarcer, its wages
correspondingly higher, and therefore Landlordism steps in to filch from
Labour its hard-won comforts, and once more reduce it to the necessities
of existence.  The American slavers had to spend more in housing and
keeping any fixed number of their slaves in serviceable condition than
Capitalism spends in wages.  Capitalism and Landlordism, like good
Christian Institutions, leave the living to keep alive their living, and
the dead to bury their dead.  This cannot continue for ever.  At least
all the intelligent portion of the community will grow to see the
injustice and attempt to abolish it.  But when will the great mass of
unintelligent people who have won a large enough share of the plunder of
their fellows to minister to their own comforts—when will these, also,
awake and see?  England will realize the desperation of her social
problem when its desperation is shown her by fire and blood—then, and not
till then!  What shall teach her her sins to herself is what is even now
teaching her her sins to Ireland.

I make no apology for several poems in the First Part which are fierce,
which are even blood-thirsty.  As I felt I wrote, and I will not lessen
the truth of what inspired those feelings by eliminating or suppressing
the record of them.  Rather, let me ask you, whoever you be, to imagine
what the cause was, from the effect in one who was (unhappily) born and
bred into the dominant class, and whose chief care and joy in life was in
the pursuit of a culture which draws back instinctively from the violent
and the terrible.  I will go further.  I will arraign my country and my
day, because their iniquity would not let me follow out the laws of my
nature, which were for luminosity and quiet, for the wide and genial
view, but made me “take arms against a sea of troubles,” hoping only too
often “by opposing to end them.”  No, we make no apology for bloody sweat
and for tears of fire wrung out of us in the Gethsemane and on the
Calvary of our country: we make no apology to those whom we have the
right to curse.

In the Second Part—“Here and There,” the record of a short trip in the
East—the sight of the sin which England has committed not only against
herself, against Ireland, against Scotland, but against India, against
China, against the sweetest and gentlest people in the earth, the
Japanese—the sight of this, and of the signs of England’s doom, the
punishment for the abuse of the greatest trust any modern nation has had
given to her, inspires a hatred which only that punishment can appease.
In the Third Part—“Australia”—there is neither ferocity nor
blood-thirstiness.  Its key-note is hope, hope that dreads but does not

I may add that in this edition I have sacrificed all merely personal
aspects of the poems to attempt to give the book a more complete
totality.  We know well enough that allowance will rarely be made for any
of these things: that our plea for comprehension will too often be an
idle one.  None the less we make it, for the sake of those who are
willing to attempt to realize the social problem and to seek within
themselves what they can do for its solution.  We have no care whatever
as to what view they take of it.  Let them be with us or against us, it
matters not, if only they will make this effort, if only they will ponder
it in their hearts.  Ninety-nine out of a hundred of us are concerned in
this problem.  We are all of us true sons of Labour who have suffered the
robbery of the wages of Competition.  One word more.  The Australian is
apt to deprecate the socialism of the European or the American.  The
darker aspects of the European or American civilization are not striking
here.  They are here; they are more than incipient, very much more; but
they are not striking.  Let such an one pause.  “We speak of that which
we do know,” and, for the rest, not only do we bid “him that has ears, to
hear,” but “him that has eyes, to see.”

Brothers all over the earth, brothers and sisters, you of that silent
company whose speech is only in the unknown deeds of love, the unknown
devotions, the unknown heroisms, it is to you we speak!  Our heart is
against your heart; you can feel it beat.  Soul speaks to soul through
lips whose utterance is a need.  In your room alone, in your lonely
walks, in the still hours of day and night, we will be with you.  We will
speak with you, we will plead with you, for these piteous ones.  In the
evening trees you shall hear the sound of our weeping.  Our sobs shall
shake in the wind of wintry nights.  We are the spirit of those piteous
ones, the wronged, the oppressed, the robbed, the murdered, and we bid
you open your warm heart, your light-lit soul to us!  We will thrill you
with the clarion of hate and defiance and despair in the tempest of land
and sea.  You shall listen to us there also.  We will touch your eyes and
lips with fire.  No, we will never let you go, till you are ours and
theirs!  And you too, O sufferers, you too shall stay with us, and shall
have comfort.  Look, we have suffered, we have agonized, we have longed
to hasten the hour of rest.  But beyond the darkness there is light,
beyond the turbulence peace.  “Courage, and be true to one another.”
“_We bid you hope_!”


                            _I give this Book_
                                 TO YOU,—

_Man or woman_, _girl or boy_, _labourer_, _mechanic_, _clerk_,
_house-servant_, _whoever you may be_, _whose wages are not the worth of
your work_,—_no_, _nor a fraction of it—whose wages are the minimum which
you and those like you_, _pressed by the desire for life in the dreadful
struggle of_ “_Competition_,” _will consent to take from your Employers
who_, _thanks to it_, _are able thus to rob you_:—

                           _I give it to_ YOU,

_in the hope that you may see how you are being robbed_,_—how Capital
that is won by paying you your competition wages is plunder_,_—how Rent
that is won by the increased value of land that is owing to the industry
of us all_, _is plunder_,_—how the Capitalist and Landowner who over-ride
you_, _how the Master or Mistress who work you from morning to night_,
_who domineer over you as servants and despise you_ (_or what is worse_,
_pity you_) _as beggars_, _are the men and women whose sole title to this
is_, _that they have the audacity and skill to plunder you_, _and you the
simplicity and folly not to see it and to submit to it_:—

                        _I give this Book to_ YOU,

_in the hope that you may at last realize this_, _and in your own fashion
never cease the effort to make your fellow-sufferers realize it_:—

                           _I give it to_ YOU,

_in the hope that you may formally enrol yourself in the ranks of the
Army of the Night_, _and that you will offer up the best that has been
granted you of heart and soul and mind towards the working out of that
better time when_, _in victorious peace_, _we silence our drums and
trumpets_, _furl our banners_, _drag our cannons to their place of rest_,
_and solemnly disarming ourselves_, _become citizens once more or_, _if
soldiers_, _then soldiers of the Army of the Day_!


    “Blessed are the poor in spirit . . .  blessed are the mourners . . .
    _Ye are the salt of the earth_.”—_The Good tidings as given_ by


   In the black night, along the mud-deep roads,
      Amid the threatening boughs and ghastly streams,
   Hark! sounds that gird the darknesses like goads,
      Murmurs and rumours and reverberant dreams,
   Tramplings, breaths, movements, and a little light.—
   _The marching of the Army of the Night_!

   The stricken men, the mad brute-beasts are keeping
      No more their places in the ditches or holes,
   But rise and join us, and the women, weeping
      Beside the roadways, rise like demon-souls.
   Fill up the ranks!  What shimmers there so bright?
   _The bayonets of the Army of the Night_!

   Fill up the ranks!  We march in steadfast column,
      In wavering lines yet forming more and more;
   Men, women, children, sombre, silent, solemn,
      Rank follows rank like billows to the shore.
   Dawnwards we tramp, towards the day and light.
   _On_, _on and up_, _the Army of the Night_!



   This is a leader’s tent.  “Who gathers here?”
      Enter and see and listen.  On the ground
   Men sit or stand, enter or disappear,
      Dark faces and deep voices all around.

   One answers you.  “You ask who gathers here?
      Companions!  Generals we have none, nor chief.
   What need is there?  The plan is all so clear—
     The future’s hope, the present’s grim relief!

   “Food for us all, and clothes, and roofs come first.
      The means to gain them?  This, our leaguered band!
   The hatred of the robber rich accursed
      Keeps foes together, makes fools understand.

   “Beyond the present’s faith, the future’s hope
      Points to the dawning hour when all shall be
   But one.  The man condemned shall fit the rope
      Around the hangman’s neck, and both be free!

   “The sun then rises on a happier land
      Where Wealth and Labour sound but as one word.
   We drill, we train, we arm our leaguered band.
      What is there more to tell you have not heard?”

   This is a leader’s tent.  They gather here,
      Resolute, stern, menacing.  On the ground
   They sit or stand, enter or disappear,
      Dark faces and deep voices all around.


   Let him who toils, enjoy
      Fruit of his toiling.
   Let him whom sweats annoy,
      No more be spoiling.

   For we would have it be
      That, weak or stronger,
   Not he who works, but he
      Who works _not_, hunger!


   When day’s hard task’s done,
      Eve’s scant meal partaken,
   Out we steal each one,
      Weariless, unshaken.

   In small reeking squares,
      Garbaged plots, we gather,
   Little knots and pairs,
      Brother, sister, father.

   Then the word is given.
      In their silent places
   Under lowering heaven,
      Range our stern-set faces.

   Now we march and wheel
      In our clumsy line,
   Shouldering sticks for steel,
      Thoughts like bitter brine!

   Drill, drill, drill, and drill!
      It is only thus
   Conquer yet we will
      Those who’ve conquered us.

   Patience, sisters, mothers!
      We must not forget
   Dear dead fathers, brothers;
      They must teach us yet.

   In that hour we see,
      The hour of our desire,
   What shall their slayers be?
      _As the stubble to the fire_!


   “We sow the fertile seed and then we reap it;
      We thresh the golden grain; we knead the bread.
   Others that eat are glad.  In store they keep it,
      While we hunger outside with hearts like lead.

   “We hew the stone and saw it, rear the city.
      Others inhabit there in pleasant ease.
   We have no thing to ask of them save pity,
      No answer they to give but what they please.

   “Is it for ever, fathers, say, and mothers,
      That we must toil and never know the light?
   Is it for ever, sisters, say, and brothers,
      That they must grind us dead here in the night?

   “O we who sow, reap, knead, shall we not also
      Have strength and pleasure of the food we make?
   O we who hew, build, deck, shall we not also
      The happiness that we have given partake?

LORD ----.

   You have done well, we say it.  You are dead,
      And, of the man that with the right hand takes
   Less than the left hand gives, let it be said
      He has done something for our wretched sakes.
   For those to whom you gave their daily bread
      Rancid with God-loathed “charity,” their drink
   Putrid with man-loathed “sin,” we bow our head
      Grateful, as the great hearse goes by, and think.
   Yes, you have fed the flesh and starved the soul
      Of thousands of us; you have taught too well
   The rich are little gods beyond control,
      Save of your big God of the heaven and hell.
   We thank you.  This was pretty once, and right.
   Now it wears rather thin.  My lord, good night!


   “Liberty!”  Is that the cry, then?
      We have heard it oft of yore.
   Once it had, we think, a meaning;
      Let us hear it now no more.

   We have read what history tells us
      Of its heroes, martyrs too.
   Doubtless they were very splendid,
      But they’re not for me and you.

   There were Greeks who fought and perished,
      Won from Persians deathless graves.
   Had _we_ lived then, we’re aware that
      We’d have been those same Greeks’ slaves!

   Then a Roman came who loved us;
      Cæsar gave men tongues and swords.
   Crying “Liberty,” they fought him,
      Cato and his cut-throat lords.

   When he’d give a broader franchise,
      Lift the mangled nations bowed,
   Crying “Liberty!” they killed him,
      Brutus and his pandar crowd.

   We have read what history tells us,
      O the truthful memory clings!
   Tacitus, the chartered liar,
      Gloating over poisoned kings!

   “Liberty!”  The stale cry echoes
      Past snug homesteads, tinsel thrones,
   Over smoking fields and hovels,
      Murdered peasants’ bleaching bones.

   That’s the cry that mocked us madly,
      Toiling in our living graves,
   When hell-mines sent up the chorus:
      “_Britons never shall be slaves_!”

   “Liberty!”  We care not for it!
      What we care for’s food, clothes, homes,
   For our dear ones toiling, waiting
      For the time that never comes!

(To LORD L----.)

   Will you not buy?  She asks you, my lord, you
      Who know the points desirable in such.
   She does not say that she is perfect.  True,
      She’s not too pleasant to the sight or touch.
   But then—neither are you!

   Her cheeks are rather fallen in; a mist
      Glazes her eyes, for all their hungry glare.
   Her lips do not breathe balmy when they’re kissed.
      And yet she’s not more loathsome than, I swear,
   Your grandmother at whist.

   My lord, she will admit, and need not frame
      Excuses for herself, that she’s not chaste.
   First a young lover had her; then she came
      From one man’s to another’s arms, with haste.
   Your mother did the same.

   Moreover, since she’s married, once or twice
      She’s sold herself for certain things at night,
   To sell one’s body for the highest price
      Of social ease and power, all girls think right.
   Your sister did it thrice.

   What, you’ll not buy?  You’ll curse at her instead?—
      Her children are alone, at home, quite near.
   These winter streets, so gay at nights, ’tis said,
      Have ’ticed the wanton out.  _She could not hear_
   _Her children cry for bread_!


   Girls, we love you, and love
      Asks you to give again
   That which draws it above,
      Beautiful, without stain.

   Give us weariless faith
      In our Cause pure, passionate,
   Dearer than life and death,
      Dear as the love that’s it!

   Give to the man who turns
      Traitrous hands or forlorn
   Back from the plough that burns,
      Give him pitiless scorn!

   Let him know that no wife
      Would bear him a fearless child
   To hate and loathe the life
      Of a leprous father defiled.

   _Girls_, _we love you_, _and love_
      _Asks you to give again_
   _That which draws it above_,
      _Beautiful_, _without stain_!


   She went along the road,
      Her baby in her arms.
      The night and its alarms
   Made deadlier her load.

   Her shrunken breasts were dry;
      She felt the hunger bite.
      She lay down in the night,
   She and the child, to die.

   But it would wail, and wail,
      And wail.  She crept away.
      She had no word to say,
   Yet still she heard the wail.

   She took a jaggèd stone;
      She wished it to be dead.
      She beat it on the head;
   It only gave one moan.

   She has no word to say;
      She sits there in the night.
      The east sky glints with light,
   And it is Christmas Day!


   “_Why is it we toil so_?
      _Where go all the gains_?
   _What do we produce for it_,
      _All our pangs and pains_?”

   Why it is we toil so,
      Is it because, like sheep,
   Since our fathers sought the shears,
      We the same course keep.

   Where go all the gains?  Well,
      It must be confessed,
   First the landlords take the rent,
      And the masters take the rest.

   What do we produce for it?
      Gentlemen!—and then
   Imitation snobs who’d be
      Like the gentlemen!

   “_What_, _is it for such as these_
      _That we suffer thus_?
   _Fuddle-brained and vicious fools_,
      _Vermin venomous_?

   “_What_, _is that why on the top_
      _Creeps that Royal Louse_,
   _The prince of pheasants and cigars_,
      _Of ballet-girls and grouse_?”

   Yes, that’s why, my Christian friends,
      They slave and slaughter us.
   England is made a dunghill that
      Some bugs may breed and buzz.


   “_What_, _are you lost_, _my pretty little lady_?
      _This is no place for such sweet things as you_.
   _Our bodies_, _rank with sweat_, _will make you sicken_,
      _And_, _you’ll observe_, _our lives are rank lives too_.”

   “Oh no, I am not lost!  Oh no, I’ve come here
      (And I have brought my lute, see, in my hand),
   To see you, and to sing of all you suffer
      To the great world, and make it understand!”

   “_Well_, _say_!  _If one of those who’d robbed you thousands_,
      _Dropped you a sixpence in the gutter where_
   _You lay and rotted_, _would you call her angel_,
      _For all her charming smile and dainty air_?”

   “Oh no, I come not thus!  Oh no, I’ve come here
      With heart indignant, pity like a flame,
   To try and help you!”—“_Pretty little lady_,
     _It will be best you go back whence you came_.”

   “‘_Enthusiasms_’ _we have such little time for_!
      _In our rude camp we drill the whole day long_.
   _When we return from out the serried battle_,
      _Come_, _and we’ll listen to your pretty song_!”


   My Lord, at last you have it!  Now we know
   Truth’s not a phrase, justice an idle show.
   Your life ran red with murder, green with lust.
   Blood has washed blood clean, and, in the final dust
   Your carrion will be purified.  Yet, see,
   Though your body perish, for your soul shall be
   An immortality of infamy!


   ’Tis not when I am here,
      In these homeless homes,
   Where sin and shame and disease
      And foul death comes;

   ’Tis not when heart and brain
      Would be still and forget
   Men and women and children
      Dragged down to the pit:

   But when I hear them declaiming
      Of “liberty,” “order,” and “law,”
   The husk-hearted gentleman
      And the mud-hearted bourgeois,

   That a sombre hateful desire
      Burns up slow in my breast
   To wreck the great guilty temple,
      And give us rest!


   “The foxes have holes,
   And the birds of the air have nests,
   But where shall the heads of the sons of men
   Be laid, be laid?”

   “_Where the cold corpse rests_,
   _Where the sightless moles_
   _Burrow and yet cannot make it afraid_,
   _Rout but cannot wake it again_,
   _There shall the heads of the sons of men_
   _Be laid_, _laid_!”


   Where is poor Jesus gone?
      He sits with Dives now,
   And not even the crumbs are flung
      To Lazarus below.

   Where is poor Jesus gone?
      Is he with Magdalen?
   He doles her one by one
      Her wages of shame!

   Where is poor Jesus gone?
      The good Samaritan,
   What does he there alone?
      He stabs the wounded man!

   Where is poor Jesus gone,
      The lamb they sacrificed?
   They’ve made God of his carrion
      And labelled it “Christ!”


   “He holds a pistol to my head,
   Swearing that he will shoot me dead,
   If he have not my purse instead,
             The robber!”

   “_He_, _with the lash of wealth and power_,
   _Flogs out my heart and flings the dower_,
   _The plundered pittance of his hour_,
             _The robber_!”

   “He shakes his serpent tongue that lies,
   Wins trust for poisoned sophistries
   And stabs me in the dark, and flies,
             The assassin!”

   “_He pits me in the dreadful fight_
   _Against my fellow_.  _Then he quite_
   _Strips both his victims in the night_,
             _The assassin_!”


   This is what I pray
   In this horrible day,
   In this terrible night,
   God will give me light.
   Such as I have had,
   That I go not mad.

   This is what I seek,
   God will keep me meek
   Till mine eyes behold,
   Till my lips have told
   All this hellish crime.—
   _Then it’s sleeping time_!


   Take, then, your paltry Christ,
      Your gentleman God.
   _We_ want the carpenter’s son,
      With his saw and hod.

   _We_ want the man who loved
      The poor and oppressed,
   Who hated the rich man and king
      And the scribe and the priest.

   _We_ want the Galilean
      Who knew cross and rod.
   It’s your “good taste” that prefers
      A bastard God!


   Who is it speaks of defeat?—
      I tell you a Cause like ours
   Is greater than defeat can know;
      It is the power of powers!

   As surely as the earth rolls round,
      As surely as the glorious sun
   Brings the great world sea-wave,
      Must our Cause be won!

   What is defeat to us?—
      Learn what a skirmish tells,
   While the great Army marches on
      To storm earth’s hells!

(_After reading his_ “_Modern Painters_.”)

   Yes, you do well to mock us, you
      Who knew our bitter woe—
   To jeer the false, deny the true
      In us blind struggling low,

   While, on your pleasant place aloft
      With flowers and clouds and streams,
   At our black sweat and toil you scoffed
      That marred your idle dreams.

   “_Oh_, _freedom_, _what was that to us_,”
   (You’d shout down to us there),
   “_Except the freedom foul_, _vicious_,
      _From all of good and fair_?

   “_Obedience_, _faith_, _humility_,
      _To us were empty names_.”—
   The like to you (might we reply)
      Whose noisy life proclaims

   Presumption, want of human love,
      Impatience, filthy breath, {32}
   The snob in soul who looks above,
      Trampling on what’s beneath.

   When did you strive, in nobler part,
      With love and gentleness,
   To help one soul, to win one heart
      To joy and hope and peace?

   Go to, vain prophet, without faith
      In God who maketh new,
   With hankerings for this putrid death,
      This Flesh-feast of the Few,

   This Social Structure of red mud,
      This Edifice of slime,
   Whose bricks are bones, whose mortar’s blood,
      Whose pinnacle is Crime!—

   Go to, for we who strain our power
      For light and warmth and scope,
   For wives’, for children’s happier hour,
      Can teach you faith and hope.

   Hark to the shout of those who cleared
      The Missionary Ridge!
   Look on those dead who never feared
      The battle’s bloody bridge!

   Watch the stern swarm at that last breach
      March up that came not thence—
   And learn Democracy can teach
      Divine obedience. {33}

   Pass through that South at last brought low
      Where loyal freemen live,
   And learn Democracy knows how
      To utterly forgive.

   Come then, and take this free-given bread
      Of us who’ve scarce enough;
   Hush your proud lips, bow down your head
      And worship human love!


   You are at least a man, of men a king.
      You have a heart, and with that heart you love.
      The race you come from is not gendered of
   The filthy sty whose latest litter cling
   Round England’s flesh-pots, gorged and gluttoning.
      No, but on flaming battle-fields, in courts
      Of honour and of danger old resorts,
   The name of Hohen-Zollern clear doth ring.
   O Father William, you, not falsely weak,
      Who never spared the rod to spoil the child,
   Our mighty Germany, we only speak
      To bless you with a blessing sweet and mild,
   Ere that near heaven your weary footsteps seek
      Where love with liberty is reconciled.


   “Be with us by day, by night,
      O lover, O friend;
   Hold before us thy light
      Unto the end!

   “See, all these children of ours
      Starved and ill-clad.
   Speak to thy heart’s lily-flowers,
      And make them glad!

   “Our wives and daughters are here,
      Knowing wrong and shame’s touch
   Bid them be of good cheer
      Who have lovèd much.

   “And we, we are robbed and oppressed,
      Even as thine were.
   Tell us of comfort and rest,
      Banish despair!

   “_Be with us by day_, _by night_,
      _O lover_, _O friend_;
   _Hold before us thy light_
      _Unto the end_!”


   Yes, let Art go, if it must be
      That with it men must starve—
   If Music, Painting, Poetry
      Spring from the wasted hearth.

   Pluck out the flower, however fair,
      Whose beauty cannot bloom,
   (However sweet it be, or rare)
      Save from a noisome tomb.

   These social manners, charm and ease,
      Are hideous to who knows
   The degradation, the disease
      From which their beauty flows.

   So, Poet, must thy singing be;
      O Painter, so thy scene;
   Musician, so thy melody,
      While misery is queen.

   _Nay_, _brothers_, _sing us battle-songs_
      _With clear and ringing rhyme_;
   _Nay_, _show the world its hateful wrongs_,
      _And bring the better time_!


   Thro’ the mists of years,
      Thro’ the lies of men,
   Your bloody sweat and tears,
   Your desperate hopes and fears
      Reach us once again.

   Brothers, who long ago,
      For life’s bitter sake
   Toiled and suffered so,
   Robbery, insult, blow,
      Rope and sword and stake:

   Toiled and suffered, till
      It burst, the brightening hope,
   “Might and right” and “will and skill,”
   That scorned, and does, and will,
      Sword and stake and rope!

   Wat and Jack and John,
      Tyler, Straw, and Ball,
   Souls that faltered not,
   Hearts like white iron hot,
      Still we hear your call!

   Yes, your “bell is rung,”
      Yes, for “now is time!”
   Come hither, every one,
   Brave ghosts whose day’s not done,
      Avengers of old rime,—

   Come and lead the way,
      Hushed, implacable,
   Suffering no delay,
   Forgetting not that day
      Dreadful, hateful, fell,

   When the liar king,
      The liar gentlemen,
   Wrought that foulest thing,
   Robbing, murdering
      Men who’d trusted them! {36}

   Come and lead the way,
      Hushed, implacable.
   What shall stop us, say,
   On that day, _our_ day?—
      _Not unloosened hell_!

(To D---- L----.)

   Had you lived when a tyrant king
      Strove to make all the slaves of one,
   With nobles and with churchmen you
   Had stood unflinching, pure and true,
   To annihilate that hateful thing
      Green Runnymeade beat out of John?

   Had you lived when a wanton crew,
      Flash scoundrels of a day outdone,
   Trod down the toilers birth derides,
   With Cromwell and his Ironsides
   The brave days had discovered you,
      Where Naseby saw the gallants run?

   And yet you,—this same knight in list
      For freedom in her narrow dawn
   Against that one, against those few,
   Vile king, vile nobles—you, yet you
   Stand by the bloody Capitalist,
      Fight with the pandar Gentleman!


   The stars shone faint through the smoky blue;
      The church-bells were ringing;
   Three girls, arms laced, were passing through,
      Tramping and singing.

   Their heads were bare; their short skirts swung
      As they went along;
   Their scarf-covered breasts heaved up, as they sung
      Their defiant song.

   It was not too clean, their feminine lay,
      But it thrilled me quite
   With its challenge to task-master villainous day
      And infamous night,

   With its threat to the robber rich, the proud,
      The respectable free.
   And I laughed and shouted to them aloud,
      And they shouted to me!

   “_Girls_, _that’s the shout_, _the shout we shall utter_
      _When with rifles and spades_,
   _We stand_, _with the old Red Flag aflutter_,
      _On the barricades_!”

(To MR F----.) {38}

   Sir, we approve your curling lip and nose
      At this vile sight.
   These men, these women are brute beasts?—Who knows,
      Sir, but that you are right?

   Panders and harlots, rogues and thieves and worse,
      We are a crew
   Whose pitiful plunder’s honoured in the purse
      Of gentlemen like you.

   Whom holy Competition’s taught (like us)
      “What’s thine is mine!”—
   _How we must love you who have made us thus_,
      _You may perhaps divine_!


   Man of despair and death,
   Bought and slaved in the gangs,
   Starved and stripped and left
   To the pitiful pitiless night,
   Away with your selfish thoughts!
   Touch not your ignorant life!
   Are there no masters of slaves,
   Jeering, cynical, strong—
   Are there no brigands (say),
   With the words of Christ on their lips
   And the daggers under their cloaks—
   Is there not one of these
   That you can steal on and kill?
   O as the Swiss mountaineer
   Dogged on the perilous heights
   His disciplined conqueror foes: {39a}
   Caught up one in his arms
   And, laughing exultantly,
   Plunged with him to the abyss:
   So let it be with you!
   An eye for an eye, and a tooth
   For a tooth, and a life for a life!
   Tell it, this hateful strong
   Contemptuous hypocrite world,
   Tell it that, if we must live
   As dogs and as worse than dogs,
   At least we can die like men!
   Tell it there is a woe
   Not for the conquered alone! {39b}
   _An eye for an eye_, _and a tooth_
   _For a tooth_, _and a life for a life_!


   In the chill grey summer dawn-light
      We pass through the empty streets;
   The rattling wheels are all silent;
      No friend his fellow greets.

   Here and there, at the corners,
      A man in a great-coat stands;
   A bayonet hangs by his side, and
      A rifle is in his hands.

   This is a conquered city;
      It speaks of war not peace;
   And that’s one of the English soldiers
      The English call “police.”

   You see, at the present moment
      That noble country of mine
   Is boiling with indignation
      At the memory of a “crime.”

   In a path in the Phœnix Park where
      The children romped and ran,
   An Irish ruffian met his doom,
      And an English gentleman.

   For a hundred and over a hundred
      Years on the country side
   Men and women and children
      Have slaved and starved and died,

   That those who slaved and starved them
      Might spend their earnings then,
   And the Irish ruffians have a “good time,”
      And the English gentlemen.

   And that’s why at the present moment
      That noble country of mine
   Is boiling with indignation
      At the memory of a “crime.”

   For the Irish ruffians (they tell me),
      And it looks as if ’twere true,
   And the English gentlemen are so scarce,
      We could not spare those two!

   In the chill grey summer dawn-light
      We pass through the empty streets;
   The rattling wheels are all silent;
      No friend his fellow greets.

   Here and there, at the corners,
      A man in a great-coat stands;
   A bayonet hangs by his side, and
      A rifle is in his hands.

   This is a conquered city;
      It speaks of war not peace;
   And that’s one of the English soldiers
      The English call “police.”


   . . .  I went the other day
   To see the birds and beasts they keep enmewed
   In the London Zoo.  One of the first I saw—
   One of the first I noticed, was an eagle.
   Ragged, befouled, within his iron bars
   He sat without a movement or a sound,
   And, when I stood and pitying looked at him,
   I saw his great sad eyes that winkless gazed
   Out to the horizon sky.  I passed from there,
   And walked about the gardens, hither and thither,
   Till all the afternoon was spent.  Returning then
   To seek my home, again by chance I passed
   The eagle’s cage, and stood again, and looked,
   And saw his great sad eyes that winkless gazed
   Out to the horizon sky.  So I went home . . .
   _The eagle is Ireland_!


   O we have loved you through cold and rain
      And pitiless frost,
   Consuming our offering of blood and of brain
   Gladly again and again and again,
      Though it all seemed lost,
          Ireland, Ireland!

   O we will fight, fight on for you till
      Your anguish is past,
   The wronged ones righted, the tyrants still.—
   Though God has not saved you, yet we will,
      At the last, at the last,
          Ireland, Ireland!

   O we will love you in warmth and light
      And the happy day,
   When you have forgotten the terrible night,
   Standing proud and beautiful bright
      For ever and aye,
          Ireland, Ireland!


   One thing we praise you for that is past praise—
      The dauntless eyes that faced the rain and night,
      The hand that never wearied in the fight,
   Till, through the dark’s despair, the dawn’s delays,
   It rose, that vision of forgotten days,
      Ireland, a nation in her right and might,
      As fearless of the lightning as the Light,—
   Freedom, the noon-tide sun that shines and stays!
   O brave, O pure, O hater of the wrong,
      (The wrong that is as one with England’s name,
      Tyranny with cant of liberty, and shame
   With boast of righteousness), to you belong
      Trust for the hate that blinds our foes like flame,
   Love for the hope that makes our hearts so strong!


   . . . They caught them at the bend.  He and his son
   Sat in the car, revolvers in their laps.
   From either side the stone-walled wintry road
   There flashed thin fire-streaks in the rainy dusk.
   The father swayed and fell, shot through the chest.
   The son was up, but one more fire-streak leaped
   Close from the pitch-black of a thick-set bush
   Not five yards from him, and lit all the face
   Of him whose sweetheart walked the Dublin streets
   For lust of him who gave one yell and fell
   Flat on the stony road, a sweltering corse.
   Then they came out, the men who did this thing,
   And looked upon their hatred’s retribution,
   While heedlessly the rattling car fled on.
   Grey-haired old wolf, your letch for peasants’ blood,
   For peasants’ sweat turned gold and silver and bronze,
   Is done, is done, for ever and ever is done!
   O foul young fox, no more young girls’ fresh lips
   Shall bruise and bleed to cool your lecher’s lust.
   Slowly from out the great high terraced clouds
   The round moon sailed.  The dead were left alone.

                                  * * * * *

   I talked with one of those who did this thing,
   A coughing half-starved lad, mere skin and bone.
   I said: “They found upon those dead men, gold.
   Why did you not take it?”  Then with proud-raised head,
   He looked at me and said: “_Sorr_, _we’re not thaves_!”

   _Brother_, _from up the maimed and mangled earth_,
   _Strewn with our flesh and bones_, _wet with our blood_,
   _Let that great word go up to unjust heaven_
   _And smite the cheek of the devil they’ve called_ “_God_!”


   Crouched in the terrible land,
   The circle of pitiless ice,
   With frozen bloody feet
   And her pestilential summer’s
   Fever-throb in her brow,
   Look, in her deep slow eyes
   The mists of her sleep of faith
   Stir, and a gleam of light,
   The ray of a blood-red sun,
   Beams out into the dusk.
   From far away, from the west,
   From the east, from the south, there come
   Faint sweet breaths of the breeze
   Of plenteous warmth and light.
   And she moves, and around her neck
   She feels the iron-scaled Snake
   Whose fangs suck at the heart
   Hid by her tattered dress,
   By her lean and hanging teat.
   Russia, O land of faith,
   O realm of the ageless Slav,
   O oppressed one of eternity,
   This darkest hour is the hour,
   The hour of the coming dawn!
   Europe the rank, the corrupt,
   Lies stretched out at your feet.
   Turkey, India, lo all,
   East and south, it is yours!

   Years, years ago a nation, {44}
   Oppressed as you are oppressed,
   Burst her bonds and leaped out,
   A volcanic sea-wave of fire,
   Quenched at last but in blood,
   Though not before the red spray
   Dashed the Pyramids, the Escurial,
   Rome and your own grey Kremlin.
   That was the great sea-wave
   Of a nation that disbelieved,
   Of a nation that had not faith!
   _What shall the sea-wave be_
   _Of this race of eternal belief_,
   _This nation of a passionate faith_?


   I stood in Père-la-Chaise.  The putrid city,
      Paris, the harlot of the nations, lay,
   The bug-bright thing that knows not love nor pity,
      Flashing her bare shame to the summer’s day.

   Here where I stand, they slew you, brothers, whom
      Hell’s wrongs unutterable had made as mad.
   The rifle-shots re-echoed in his tomb,
      The gilded scoundrel’s who had been so glad.

   O Morny, O blood-sucker of thy race!
      O brain, O hand that wrought out empire that
   The lust in one for power, for tinsel place,
      Might rest; one lecher’s hungry heart grow fat,—

   Is it for nothing, now and evermore,
      O you whose sin in life had death in ease,
   The murder of your victims beats the door
      Wherein your careless carrion lies at peace?


   SHE.—“_Up and down_, _up and down_,
             _From early eve to early day_.
         _Life is quicker in the town_;
             _When you’ve leisure_, _anyway_!

         “_Down and up_, _down and up_!
             _O will no one stop and speak_?
         _I would really like to sup_,
             _And my limbs are heavy and weak_.

         “_What’s my price_, _sir_?  _I’m no Jew_.
             _If with me you wish to sleep_,
         _’Tis five francs_, _sir_.  _Surely you_
             _Will admit that that is cheap_?”

   HE.—“Christ, if you are not stone blind,
            Stone deaf also, you know it is
        Christian towns leave far behind
            Sodom and those other cities.

        “Bid your Father strike this town,
            Wipe it utterly away!
        Weary, hungry, up and down
            From early eve to early day?

        “Magdalen knew nought like this;
            She had food and roof above;
        Seven devils, too, did she possess;
            This poor soul had but one—love!

        “O my sister, take me, kill me!
            I am one of those who once
        Only cared to feast and fill me
            On these robbed and murdered ones.

        “Kill me?  Nay, but love me; listen.
            I have too a gospel word,
        Fit to make still, dull eyes glisten,
            And, like Christ’s, it brings a sword!

        “No, Christ is not deaf nor blind;
            He’s but dust in Syrian ground,
        And his Father has declined
            To a parson’s phrase, a sound.

        “Not by such, then, but by _us_
            These hell-wrongs must be redressed.
        Take this morsel venomous;
            Nourish it within your breast.

        “You must live on, live and hate;
            Conquer wrath, despair and pain;
        For “we bid you hope” and wait
            Till the Red Flag flies again:

        “Till once more the people rise,
            Once more, once and only once,
        Blood-red hands and blazing eyes
            Of the robbed and murdered ones!

        “So good night, dear desperate heart.
            (Nay, ’tis sun-bright day we keep.)
        Soon we meet, though now we part.
            Kiss me . . . Take it . . . Go and sleep!”


   Come then, let us at least know what’s the truth.
      Let us not blink our eyes and say
   We did not understand; old age or youth
      Benumbed our sense or stole our sight away.

   It is a lie—just that, a lie—to declare
      That wages are the worth of work.
   No; they are what the Employer wills to spare
      To let the Employee sheer starvation shirk.

   They’re the life-pittance Competition leaves,
      The least for which brother’ll slay brother.
   He who the fruits of this hell-strife receives,
      He is a thief, an assassin, and none other!

   It is a lie—just that, a lie—to declare
      That Rent’s the interest on just gains.
   Rent’s the thumb-screw that makes the worker share
      With him who worked not the produce of his pains.

   Rent’s the wise tax the human tape-worm knows.
      The fat he takes; the life-lean leaves.
   The holy Landlord is, as we suppose,
      Just this—the model of assassin-thieves!

   What is the trick the rich-man, then, contrives?
      How play my lords their brilliant rôles?—
   _They live on the plunder of our toiling lives_,
      _The degradation of our bodies and souls_!


   Grave this deep in your hearts,
   Forget not the tale of the past!
   Never, never believe
   That any will help you, or can,
   Saving only yourselves!
   What have the gentlemen done,
   Peerless haters of wrong,
   Byrons and Shelleys, what?
   They stand great famous names,
   Demi-gods to their own,
   Shadows far off, alien
   To us and ours for ever.
   Those who love them and hate
   The crime, the injustice they hated,
   What can they do but shout,
   Win a name from our woes,
   And leave us just as we were?
   No, but resolutely turned,
   Our wants, our desires made clear,
   And clear the means that shall win them,
   Drill and drill and drill!
   Then when the day is come,
   When the royal battle-flag’s up,
   When blood has been spilled in vain
   In timid half-hearted war,
   Then let the Cromwell rise,
   The simple, the true-souled man;
   Then let Grant come forth,
   The calm, the determined comrade,
   But deep in their hearts one hate,
   Deep in their souls one thought,
   To bring the iniquity low,
   To make the People free!
   Ah, for such as these
   We with the same heart-hate,
   We with the same soul-thought,
   Will fall to our destined places
   In the ranks of the great New Model, {49}
   In the Army that sees ahead
   Marston, Naseby, Whitehall,
   The Wilderness, Petersburg,—yes,
   But beyond the blood and the smoke,
   Beyond the struggle and death,
   The Union victorious safe,
   The Commonwealth glorious free!


   You tell me these great lords have raised up Art:
   I say they have degraded it.  Look you,
   When ever did they let the poet sing,
   The painter paint, the sculptor hew and cast,
   The music raise her heavenly voice, except
   To praise them and their wretched rule o’er men?
   Behold our English poets that were poor
   Since these great lords were rich and held the state:
   Behold the glories of the German land,
   Poets, musicians, driven, like them, to death
   Unless they’d tune their spirits’ harps to play
   Drawing-room pieces for the chattering fools
   Who aped the taste for Art or for a leer.
   Go to, no Art was ever noble yet,
   Noble and high, the speech of godlike men,
   When fetters bound it, be they gold or flowers.
   All that is noblest, highest, greatest, best,
   Comes from the Galilean peasant’s hut, comes from
   The Stratford village, the Ayrshire plough, the shop
   That gave us Chaucer, the humble Milton’s trade—
   Bach’s, Mozart’s, great Beethoven’s,—And these are they
   Who knew the People, being what they knew!
   Go to, if in the future years no strain,
   No picture of earth’s glory like to what
   Your Artists raised for that small clique or this
   Of supercilious imbecilities—
   O if no better demi-gods of Art
   Can rise save those whose barbarous tinsel yet
   Makes hideous all the beauty of old homes—
   Then let us seek the comforts of despair
   In democratic efforts dead and gone:
   Weep with Pheideian Athens, sigh an hour
   With Raffaelle’s Florence, beat the head and breast
   O’er Shakspere’s England that from Milton’s took
   In lips the name that leaped from lead and flame
   From out her heart against the Spanish guns!


   . . .  In a dark street she met and spoke to me,
   Importuning, one wet and mild March night.
   We walked and talked together.  O her tale
   Was very common; thousands know it all!
   Seduced; a gentleman; a baby coming;
   Parents that railed; London; the child born dead;
   A seamstress then, one of some fifty girls
   “Taken on” a few months at a dressmaker’s
   In the crush of the “season;” thirteen shillings a week!
   The fashionable people’s dresses done,
   And they flown off, these fifty extra girls
   Sent—to the streets: that is, to work that gives
   Scarcely enough to buy the decent clothes
   Respectable employers all demand
   Or speak dismissal.  Well, well, well, we know!
   And she—“_Why_, _I have gone on down and down_,
   _And there’s the gutter_, _look_, _that I shall die in_!”
   “My dear,” I say, “where hope of all but that
   Is gone, ’tis time, I think, life were gone too.”
   She looks at me.  “_That I should kill myself_?”—
   “That you should kill yourself.”—“_That would be sin_,
   _And God would punish me_!”—“And will not God
   Punish for this?”  She pauses: then whispers:
   “_No_, _no_, _He will forgive me_, _for He knows_!”
   I laughed aloud: “_And you_,” she said, “_and you_,
   _Who are so good_, _so noble_” . . .  “Noble?  Good?”
   I laughed aloud, the great sob in my throat.
   O my poor darling, O my little lost sheep
   Of this vast flock that perishes alone
   Out in the pitiless desert!—Yet she’d speak:
   She’d ask me: she’d entreat: she’d demonstrate.
   O I must not say that! I must believe!
   Who made the sea, the leaves so green, the sky
   So big and blue and pure above it all?
   O my poor darling, O my little lost sheep,
   Entreat no more and demonstrate no more;
   For I believe there _is_ a God, a God
   Not in the heaven, the earth, or the waters; no,
   But in the heart of man, on the dear lips
   Of angel women, of heroic men!
   O hopeless wanderer that would not stay,
   (“_It is too late_, _I cannot rise again_!”)
   O saint of faith in love behind the veils,
   (“_You must believe in God_, _for you are good_!”),
   O sister who made holy with your kiss,
   Your kiss in that wet dark mild night of March
   There in the hideous infamous London streets
   My cheek, and made my soul a sacred place,
   O my poor darling, O my little lost sheep!


   Comrade, yet a little further I would go before the night
   Closes round and chills in darkness all the glorious sunset light—
   Yet a little, by the cliff there, till the stately home I see
   Of the man who once was with us, comrade once with you and me!
   Nay, but leave me, pass alone there; stay awhile and gaze again
   On the various-jewelled waters and the dreamy southern main,
   For the evening breeze is sighing in the quiet of the hills
   Moving down in cliff and terrace to the singing sweet sea-rills,
   While the river, silent-stealing, thro’ the copse and thro’ the lea
   Winds her waveless way eternal to the welcome of the sea.
   Yes, within that green-clad homestead, gardened grounds and velvet
   Of a home where culture reigneth and the chambers whisper peace,
   Is the man, the seer and singer, who (ah, years and years away!)
   Lifted up a face of gladness at the breaking of the day.
   For the noontide’s desperate ardours that had seen the Roman town
   Wrap the boy Keats, “by the hungry generations trodden down,”
   In his death-shroud with the ashes of the fairy child of storm,
   Fluttering skylark in the breakers, caught and smothered by the foam,
   And had closed those eyes heroic, weary for the final peace.
   Byron maimed and maddened, strangled in the anguish that was Greece—
   For this noontide passed to darkness, brooding doubt and wild dismay,
   Where the silly sparrows chirruped and the eagles swooped away,
   Till once more the trampled Peoples and the murdered soul of man
   Raised a haggard face half-wondering where the new-born day began,
   Where the sign of Faith’s renewal, Faith’s, and Hope’s, and Love’s,
   In the golden sun arising; and we hailed it, we and you!
   O you hailed it, and your heart beat, and your pretty woman’s lays,
   In the fathomless vibration of our rapturous amaze,
   Died for ever on your harpstrings, and you rose and struck a chord
   High, full, clear, heroic, godlike, “for the glory of the Lord!”
   Noble words you spoke; we listened; and we dreamed the day had come
   When the faith of God and Christ should sound one cry with Man’s
   When the men who stood beside us, eager with hell’s troops to cope,
   Radiant, thrilled exultant, proud, with the magnificence of hope!
   “Forward! forward!” ran our watch-word.  “Forward! forward!” by our
   You gave back the glorious summons.  Would that day that you had died!
   Better lying fallen, death-struck, breathless, bleeding, on your face,
   With your bright sword pointing onward, dying happy in your place!
   Better to have passed in spirit from the battle-storm’s eclipse
   With the great Cause in your heart and with the war-shout on your
   Better to have fallen charging, having known the nobler time,
   In the fiery cheer and impulse of our serried battle-line—
   Than to stand and watch your comrades, in the hail of fire and lead,
   Up the slopes and thro’ the smoke-clouds, thro’ the dying and the
   Till the sun strikes through a moment, to our one victorious shout,
   On our bayonets bristling brightly as we carry the redoubt!
   O half-hearted, pusillanimous, faltering heart and fuddled brain
   That remembered Egypt’s flesh-pots, and turned back and dreamed again—
   Left the plain of blood and battle for the quiet of the hills,
   And the sunny soft contentment that the woody homestead fills.
   There you sat and sang of Egypt, of its sober solid graves,
   (Pyramids, you call them, Sphinxes), mortared with the blood of
   Houses, streets and stately palaces, the mart, the regal stew
   Where freedom “broadens down” so slow it stops with lords and you!
   O you mocked at our confusion, O you told us of our crimes,
   Us ungentle, not like warriors of the sweet idyllic times,
   Flowers of eunuch-hearted kings and courts where pretty poet knights
   Tilted gaily or slew stake-armed peasants, hundreds, in the fights?
   O you drew the hideous picture of our bravest and our best,
   Patient martyrs, desperate swordsmen, for the Cause that gives not
   Men of science, “vivisectors!”—democrats, the “rout of beasts”—
   Writers, essayists and poets, “Belial’s prophets, Moloch’s priests!”
   Coward, you have made the great refusal? you have won the gilded
   Of the wringers of his heart’s-blood from the peasant’s sunless days,
   Of the lord and the land-owner, of the rich man who has bound
   Labour on the wheel to break him, strew his rent limbs on the ground,
   With a vulture eye aglare on brothers, sisters that he had,
   Crying, “Troops and guns to shoot them, if the hunger drive them mad!”
   Coward, faithless, unbelieving, that had courage but to take
   What of pleasure and of beauty men have won for manhood’s sake,
   Blustering long and loudest at the hideousness and pain
   These you praise have brought upon us; blustering long and loud again
   At our agony and anguish in this desperate fight of ours,
   Grappling with anarch custom and the darkness and the powers!
   O begone, then, from among us!  Echo not, however faint,
   Our great watch-word, our great war-shout, sweet and sickly
   Sit there dreaming in your gardens, looking out upon the sea,
   Till the night-time closes round you and the wind is on the lea.
   Enter then within your chambers in the rich and quiet light;
   Never think of us who struggle in the tempest and the night.
   Soothe your fancy with your visions; bend a gracious senile ear
   To the praise your guests are murmuring in the tone you love to hear.
   Honoured of your Queen, and honoured of the gentlest and the best,
   Lord and commoner and rich-man, smirking tenant, shopman, priest,
   All distinguished and respectable, the shiny sons of light,
   O what, O what are these who call you coward in the night?
   Ay, what are we who struggled for the cause of Science, say,
   Darwin, Huxley, Spencer, Häckel, marshalling our stern array?
   We who raised the cry for Culture, Goethe’s spirit leading on,
   Marching gladly with our captains, Renan, Arnold, Emerson?
   We, we are not tinkers, tinkers of the kettle cracked and broke,
   Tailors squatted cross-legged, patching at the greasy worn-out cloak!
   We are those that faced mad Fortune, cried: “The Truth, and only she!
   Onward, upward!  If we perish, we at least will perish free!”
   We have lost our souls to win them, in the house and in the street
   Falling stabbed and poisoned, making a victory of defeat.
   We have lost the happy present, we have paid death’s heavy debt,
   We have won, have won the Future, and its sons shall not forget!
   Enter, then, within your chamber in the rich and quiet light;
   Never think of us who struggle in the tempest and the night;
   Spread your nostrils to the incense, hearken to the murmured hymn
   Of the praising people, rising from the temple fair and dim.
   Ah, but we here in the tempest, we here struggling in the night,
   See the worshippers out-stealing; see the temple emptying quite;
   See the godhead turning ghostlike; see the pride of name and fame
   Paling slowly, sad and sickly, with forgetfulness and shame! . . .
   Darker, darker grows the night now, louder, louder cries the wind;
   I can hear the dash of breakers and the deep sea moves behind,
   I can see the ghostlike phalanx rushing on the crumbling shore,
   Slowly but surely shattering its rampart evermore.
   And my comrade’s voice is calling, and his solitary cry
   On the great dark swift air-currents like Fate’s summons sweepeth by.
   Farewell, then, whom once I loved so, whom a boy I thrilled to hear
   Urging courage and reliance, loathing acquiescent fear.
   I must leave you; I must wander to a strange and distant land,
   Facing all that Fate shall give me with her hard unequal hand—
   I once more anew must face them, toil and trouble and disease,
   But these a man may face and conquer, for there waits him death and
   And the freedom from dishonour and denial e’er confessed
   Of what he knows is truest, what most beautiful and best!
   O farewell, then!  I must leave you.  You have chosen.  You are right.
   You have made the great refusal; you have shunned the wind and night.
   You have won your soul, and won it—No, not lost it, as they tell—
   Happy, blest of gods and monarchs, O a long, a long farewell!
   _Freshwater_, _Isle of Wight_.


   Two little darlings alone,
      Clinging hand in hand;
   Two little girls come out
      To see the wonderful land!

   Here round the flaring stalls
      They stand wide-eyed in the throng,
   While the great, the eloquent huckster
      Perorates loud and long.

   They watch those thrice-blessed mortals,
      The dirty guzzling boys,
   Who partake of dates, periwinkles,
      Ices and other joys.

   And their little mouths go wide open
      At some of the brilliant sights
   That little darlings may see in the road
      Of Edgware on Saturday nights.

   The eldest’s name is Susannah;
      She was four years old last May.
   And Mary-Jane, the youngest,
      Is just three years old to-day.

   And I know all about their cat, and
      Their father and mother too,
   And “Pigshead,” their only brother,
      Who got his head jammed in the flue.

   And _they_ know several particulars
      Of a similar sort of me,
   For we went up and down together
      For over an hour, we three.

   And Susannah walked beside me,
      As became the wiser and older,
   Fast to one finger, but Mary-Jane
      Sat solemnly up on my shoulder.

   And we bought some sweets, and a monkey
      That climbed up a stick “quite nice.”
   And then last we adjourned for refreshments,
      And the ladies had each an ice.

   And Susannah’s ice was a pink one,
      And she sucked it up so quick,
   But Mary-Jane silently proffered
      Her ice to me for a lick.

   And then we went home to mother,
      And we found her upon the floor,
   And father was trying to balance
      His shoulders against the door.

   And Susannah said “O” and “Please, sir,
      We’ll go in ourselves, sir!”  And
   We kissed one another and parted,
      And they stole in hand in hand.

   And it’s O for my two little darlings
      I never shall see again,
   Though I stand for the whole night watching
      And crying here in the rain!



   “This is the steamer’s pit.
      The ovens like dragons of fire
   Glare thro’ their close-lidded eyes
      With restless hungry desire.

   “Down from the tropic night
      Rushes the funnelled air;
   Our heads expand and fall in;
      Our hearts thump huge as despair.

   “’Tis we make the bright hot blood
      Of this throbbing inanimate thing;
   And our life is no less the fuel
      Than the coal we shovel and fling.

   “And lest of this we be proud
      Or anything but meek,
   We are well cursed and paid—
      Ten shillings a week!”

   _Round_, _round_, _round in its tunnel_
      _The shaft turns pitiless strong_,
   _While lost souls cry out in the darkness_:
      “_How long_, _O Lord_, _how long_?”


   Up from the oven pit,
      The hell where poor men toil,
   At the sunset hour he comes
      Clean-clothed, washed from soil.

   On the fo’c’s’le head he kneels,
      His face to the hallowed West.
   He prays, and bows and prays.
      Does he pray for death and rest?


   O India, India, O my lovely land—
      At whose sweet throat the greedy English snake,
   With fangs and lips that suck and never slake,
      Clings, while around thee, band by stifling band,
   The loathsome shape twists, chaining foot and hand—
      O from this death-swoon must thou never wake,
      From limbs enfranchised these foul fetters to shake,
   And, proud among the nations, to rise and stand?
   Nay, but thine eyes, thine eyes wherein there stays
      The patience of that august faith that scorns
   The tinsel creed of Christ, dream still and gaze
   Where, not within the timeless East and haze,
      The haunt of that wan moon with fading horns,
      There breaks the first of Himalayan morns!



   There was a time when all thy sons were proud
      To speak thy name,
   England, when Europe echoed back aloud
      Thy fearless fame:

   When Spain reeled shattered helpless from thy guns
      And splendid ire,
   When from Canadian snows to Indian suns
      Pitt’s soul was fire.

   O that in days like these were, fair and free
      From shame and scorn,
   Fate had allowed, benignly, pityingly
      That I was born!

   O that, if struck, then struck with glorious wounds,
      I bore apart
   (Not torn with fangs of leprous coward hounds)
      My bleeding heart!


   We hate you—not because of cruel deeds
      Staining a glorious effort.  They who live
      Learn in this earth to give and to forgive,
   Where heart and soul are noble and fate’s needs
   Imperious: No, nor yet that cruel seeds
      Of power and wrong you’ve sown alternative,
      We hate you, we your sons who yet believe
   That truth and justice are not empty creeds!
   No, but because of greed and golden pay,
      Wages of sin and death: because you smother
   Your conscience, making cursèd all the day.
      Bible in one hand, bludgeon in the other,
      Cain-like you come upon and slay your brother,
   And, kneeling down, thank God for it, and pray!


   I whom you fed with shame and starved with woe,
      I wheel above you,
   Your fatal vulture, for I hate you so,
      I almost love you!

   I smell your ruin out.  I light and croak
      My sombre lore,
   As swaggering you go by, O heart of oak
      Rotten to the core!

   Look westward!  Ireland’s vengeful eyes are cast
      On freedom won.
   Look eastward!  India stirs from sleep at last.
      You are undone!

   Look southward, where Australia hears your voice,
      And turns away!
   O brutal hypocrite, she makes her choice
      With the rising day!

   Foul Esau, you who sold your high birthright
      For gilded mud,
   Who did the wrong and, priestlike, called it right,
      And swindled God!

   _The hour is gone of insult_, _pain and patience_;
      _The hour is come_
   _When they arise_, _the faithful mightier nations_,
      _To drag you down_!


   England, the land I loved
      With passionate pride,
   For hate of whom I live
      Who for love had died,

   Can I, while shines the sun,
      That hour regain
   When I again may come to thee
      And love again?

   No, not while that flag
      Of greed and lust
   Flaunts in the air, untaught
      To drag the dust!—

   Never, till expiant,
      I see you kneel,
   And, brandished, gleams aloft
      The foeman’s steel!

   Ah, then to speed, and laugh,
      As my heart caught the knife:
   “_Mother_, _I love you_!  _Here_,
      _Here is my life_!”



   At anchor in that harbour of the island,
      The Chinese gate,
   We lay where, terraced under green-clad highland,
      The sea-town sate.

   Ships, steamers, sailors, many a flag and nation,
      A motley crew,
   Junks, sampans, all East’s swarming jubilation,
      I watched and knew.

   Then, as I stood, sweet sudden sounds out-swelling
      On the boon breeze,
   The church-bells’ chiming echoes rang out, telling
      Of inland peace.

   O English chimes, your music rising and falling
      I cannot praise,
   Although to me it come sweet-sad recalling
      Dear childish days.

   Yet, English chimes,—last links of chains that sever,
      Worn out and done,
   That land and creed that I have left for ever,—
      Ring on, ring on!


   There is much in this sea-way city
      I have not met with before,
   But one or two things I notice
      That I seem to have known of yore.

   In the lovely tropical verdure,
      In the streets, behold I can
   The hideous English buildings
      And the brutal English man!


   I stand and watch the soldiers
      Marching up and down,
   Above the fresh green cricket-ground
      Just outside the town.

   I stand and watch and wonder
      When in the English land
   This poor fool Tommy Atkins
      Will learn and understand?

   Zulus, and Boers, and Arabs,
      All fighting to be free,
   Men and women and children,
      Murdered and maimed has he.

   In India and in Ireland
      He’s held the People down,
   While the robber English gentleman
      Took pound and penny and crown.

   To make him false to his order,
      What was it that they gave—
   To make him his brother’s oppressor?
      The clothes and pay of a slave!

   O thou poor fool, Tommy Atkins,
      Thou wilt be wise that day
   When, with eager eyes and clenched teeth,
      Thou risest up to say:

   “_This is our well-loved England_,
      _And I’ll free it_, _if I can_,
   _From every rotten bourgeois_
      _And played-out gentleman_!”


   There is a valley green that lies
      ’Mid hills, the summer’s bower.
   The many coloured butterflies
      Flutter from flower to flower.

   And round one lush green side of it,
      In gardened homes are laid,
   With grief and care compassionate,
      The people of the dead.

   There all the voicing summer day
      They sing, the happy rills.
   No noisy sound awakes away
      The echo of the hills.


(_Min River_, _Fo Kien_.)

   Up in the misty morning,
      Up past the gardened hills,
   With the rhythmic stroke of the rowers,
      While the blue deep pales and thrills!

   Past the rice-fields green low-lying,
      Where the sea-gull’s winging down
   From the fleets of junks and sampans
      And the ancient Chinese Town!


   From the bright and blinding sunshine,
     From the whirling locust’s song,
   Into the dark and narrow fissures
     Of the streets I am borne along.

   Here and there dusky-beaming
     A sun-shaft broadens and drops
   On the brown bare crowd slow-passing
     The crowd of the open shops.

   We move on over the bridges
      With their straight-hewn blocks of stone.
   And their quaint grey animal figures,
      And the booths the hucksters own.

   Behind a linen awning
      Sits an ancient wight half-dead,
   And a little dear of a girl is
      Examining—his head.

   On a bended bamboo shouldered,
      Bearing a block of stone,
   Two worn-out coolies half-naked
      Utter their grunting groan.

   Children, almond-eyed beauties,
      Impossibly mangy curs,
   Take part in the motley stream of
      Insouciant passengers.

   This is the dream, the vision
      That comes to me and greets—
   _The vision of Retribution_
      _In the labyrinthine streets_!


   These Chinese toil and yet they do not starve,
      And they obey, and yet they are not slaves.
   It is the “free-born” fuddled Englishmen
      That grovel rotting in their living graves.

   These Chinese do not fawn with servile lips;
      They lift up equal eyes that ask and scan.
   Their degradation has escaped at least
      That choicest curse of all—the gentleman!


   “Yes, I used always to think
      That you Russians knew
   How to make the good drink
      As none others do.

   “And I thought moreover,
      (Not with the epicures),
   You might search the world over
      For such women as yours.

   “In both these matters now
      I perceive I was right,
   And I really can’t tell you how
      Much I delight

   “In my third (Thanks, another cup!)
      Idea of the fun,
   When your country gets up
      And follows the sun!

   “And just as in Europe, see,
      There’s a conqueror nation,
   So why not in Asia be
      A like jubilation?

   “Taught as well as organized, {69b}
      The eternal Coolie,
   From being robbed and despised,
      Takes to cutting throats duly!

   “But—please, don’t be flurried;
      For I daresay by then
   You’ll be comfortably buried,
      Ladies and gentlemen!

   “No more, thanks!  I must be going!
      I’m so glad to have made this
   Opportunity of knowing
      Some more Russian ladies!”


   Simple you were, and good.  No kindlier heart
      Beat than the heart within your gentle breast.
      Labour you had, and happiness, and rest,
   And were the maid of nations.  Now you start
   To feverish life, feeling the poisonous smart
      Upon your lips of harlot lips close-pressed,
      The lips of her who stands among the rest
   With greasy righteous soul and rotten heart.
   O sunrise land, O land of gentleness,
      What madness drives you to lust’s dreadful bed?
   O thrice accursèd England, wretchedness
      For ever be on you, of whom ’tis said,
   Prostitute plague-struck, that you catch and kiss
      Innocent lives to make them foully dead!

(_Kama Kura_.)

   He sits.  Upon the kingly head doth rest
      The round-balled wimple, and the heavy rings
      Touch on the shoulders where the shadow clings.
   The downward garment shows the ambiguous breast;
   The face—that face one scarce can look on lest
      One learn the secret of unspeakable things;
      But the dread gaze descends with shudderings,
   To the veiled couched knees, the hands and thumbs close-pressed.
   O lidded, downcast eyes that bear the weight
      Of all our woes and terrible wrong’s increase:
      Proud nostrils, lips proud-perfecter than these,
   With what a soul within you do you wait!
   Disdain and pity, love late-born of hate,
      Passion eternal, patience, pain and peace!


   Where’er I go in this dense East,
      In sunshine or shade,
   I retch at the villainous feast
      That England has made.

   And my shame cannot understand,
      As scorn springs elate,
   How I ever loved that land
      That now I hate!

(_Mindanao_, _Philippines_.)

   In the dark waveless sea,
      Deep blue under deep blue,
   The fisher drifts by on the tide
      In his small pole-balanced canoe.

   Above him the cloud-clapped hills
      Crown the dense jungly sweeps;
   The cocoa-nut groves hedge round
      The hut where the beach-wave sleeps.

   Is it not better so
      To be as this savage is,
   Than to live the wage-slave’s life
      Of hopeless agonies?


   Aloll in the warm clear water,
      On her back with languorous limbs,
   She lies.  The baby upon her breasts
      Paddles and falls and swims.

   With half-closed eyes she smiles,
      Guarding it with her hands;
   And the sob swells up in my heart—
      In my heart that understands.

   _Dear_, _in the English country_,
   _The hatefullest land on earth_,
   _The mothers are starved and the children die_,
   _And death is better than birth_!


   I saw them as they were born,
      Erect and fearless and free,
   Facing the sun and the wind
      Of the hills and the sea.

   I saw them naked, superb,
      Like the Greeks long ago,
   With shield and spear and arrow
      Ready to strike and throw.

   I saw them as they were made
      By the Christianizing crows,
   Blinking, stupid, clumsy
      In their greasy ill-cut clothes:

   I heard their gibbering cant,
      And they sung those hymns that smell
   Of poor souls besotted, degraded
      With the fear of “God” and “hell.”

   And I thought if Jesus could see them,
      He who loved the freedom, the light,
   And loathed those who compassed heaven
      And earth for one proselyte,

   To make him, etcetera, etcetera,—
      Then this sight, as on me or you,
   Would act on him like an emetic,
      And he’d have to go off and spue.

   O Jesus, O man of the People,
      Who died to abolish all this—
   The pharisee rank and respectable,
      The scribe and the greedy priest—

   O Jesus, O sacred Socialist,
      You would die again of shame,
   If you were alive and could see
      What things are done in your name.

(_Coral Sea_, _Australia_.)


   Dead in the sheep-pen he lies,
      Wrapped in an old brown sail.
   The smiling blue sea and the skies
      Know not sorrow nor wail.

   Dragged up out of the hold,
      Dead on his last way home,
   Worn-out, wizened, a Chinee old,—
      O he is safe—at home!

   Brother, I stand not as these
      Staring upon you here.
   One of earth’s patient toilers at peace
      I see, I revere!


   In the warm cloudy night we go
      From the motionless ship;
   Our lanterns feebly glow;
      Our oars drop and drip.

   We land on the thin pale beach,
      The coral isle’s round us;
   A glade of driven sand we reach;
      Our burial ground’s found us.

   There we dig him a grave, jesting;
      We know not his name.
   What heeds he who is resting, resting?
      Would I were the same!

   Come away, it is over and done!
      Peace and he shall not sever,
   By moonlight nor light of the sun,
      For ever and ever!


   “Sleep in the pure driven sand,
      (No one will know)
   In the coral isle by the land
      Where the blue tides come and go.

   “Alive, thou wert poor, despised;
      Dead, thou canst have
   What mightiest monarchs have prized,
      An eternal grave!

   “Alone with the lovely isles,
      With the lovely deep,
   Where the sea-winds sing and the sunlight smiles
      Thou liest asleep!”



      Here to the parks they come,
      The scourings of the town,
   Like weary wounded animals
      Seeking where to lie them down.

      Brothers, let us take together
      An easeful period.
   There is worse than to be as we are—
      Cast out, not of men but of God!


   _Bishop of Melbourne_, _who left Melbourne for the Bishopric of
   Manchester_, 10_th_ _March_ 1886.

   He came, a stranger, and we gave him welcome
      More as loved friend than rumour’s honoured guest.
   He spoke!  Were we, then, all so slack to listen?
      To hail him as our wisest, noblest, best?
             _Why did he leave us_?

   He toiled!  And we, we under such a leader,
      Forgot all other creeds, but that he taught,
   And proud of our clear answer to his summons,
      Forgot all other fights but that he fought!
             _Why did he leave us_?

   He wearied!  ’Twas too great, he said, the burden.
      We saw it and we cried with anxious love;
   “What does he (Let him back!) down in the battle?
      Is not the general’s place at rest above?”
             _Why did he leave us_?

   He left us for a “wider sphere of labour!”
      A tinsel seat within a House that shakes,
   To herd with priests meal-mouthed, with lords and liars
      That still would bind a nation’s chain that breaks!
             _Why did he leave us_?

   Farewell, then!  Are there any to reproach you
      In all this facile crowd that weeps and cheers?
   Not one!  But, ah you yet shall listen sadly
      To an echo falling faint through the dead years:—
             _Why did he leave us_?


   Yonder the band is playing
      And the fine young people walk.
   They are envying each other and talking
      Their pretty empty talk.

   There, in the shade on the outskirts,
      Stretched on the grass, I see
   A man with a slouch hat, smoking.
      That is the man for me!

   That is the Man of the Nation;
      He works and much endures.
   When all the rest is rotten,
      He rises and cuts and cures.

   He’s the soldier of the Crimea,
      Fighting to honour fools;
   He’s the grappler and strangler of Lee
      Lord of the terrible tools.

   He’s in all the conquered nations
      That have won their own at last,
   And in all that yet shall win it.
      And the world by him goes past!

   O strong sly world, this nameless
      Still, much-enduring Man,
   Is the hand of God that shall clutch you
      For all you have done, or can!


   What? do you say that we, the toilers—the slaves—
      (Why strain at the gnat name
   Who swallow the camel thing your pocket craves?)—
      That we are “just the same,”

   (Nay, worse) when power is ours and wealth—that we
      Are harder masters still,
   More keen to ring her last from misery,
      More greedy of our will?

   ’Tis true!  And when you see men so—see _us_
      Sneer at us, call us swine!—
   “_How we must love you who have made us thus_,
      _You may perhaps divine_!”


   In that rich archipelago of sea
   With fiery hills, thick woods wherein the mias {79a}
   Browses along the trees, and god-like men
   Leave monuments of speech too large for us, {79b}
   There are strange forest-trees.  Far up, their roots
   Spread from the central trunk, and settle down
   Deep in the life-fed earth, seventy feet below.
   In the past days here grew another tree,
   On whose high fork the parasitic seed
   Fell and sprang up, and, finding life and strength
   In the disease, decrepitude and death
   Of that it fed on, utterly consumed it,
   And stands the monument of Nature’s crime!
   So Labour with his parasites, the two
   Great swollen robbers, Land and Capital,
   Stands to the gaze of men but as a heap
   Of rotted dust whose only use must be
   To rich the roots of the proud stem that killed it! {80}


   I see a land of desperate droughts and floods:
   I see a land where need keeps spreading round,
   And all but giants perish in the stress:
   I see a land where more, and more, and more
   The demons, Earth and Wealth, grow bloat and strong.

   I see a land that lies a helpless prey
   To wealthy cliques and gamblers and their slaves,
   The huckster politicians: a poor land
   That less and less can make her heart-wish law.

   Yea, but I see a land where some few brave
   Raise clear eyes to the Struggle that must come,
   Reaching firm hands to draw the doubters in,
   Preaching the gospel: “Drill and drill and drill!”
   Yea, but I see a land where best of all
   The hope of victory burns strong and bright!


   “Yes, let Art go, if it must be
      That with it men must starve—
   If Music, Painting, Poetry
      Spring from the wasted hearth!”

   Yes, let Art go, till once again
      Through fearless heads and hands
   The toil of millions and the pain
      Be passed from out the lands:

   Till from the few their plunder falls
      To those who’ve toiled and earned
   But misery’s hopeless intervals
      From those who’ve robbed and spurned.

   Yes, let Art go, without a fear,
      Like autumn flowers we burn,
   For, with her reawakening year,
      Be sure she will return!—

   Return, but greater, nobler yet
      Because her laurel crown
   With dew and not with blood is wet,
      And as our queen sit down!


   I came to buy a book.  It was a shop
   Down in a narrow quiet street, and here
   They kept, I knew, these socialistic books.
   I entered.  All was bare, but clean and neat.
   The shelves were ranged with unsold wares; the counter
   Held a few sheets and papers.  Here and there
   Hung prints and calendars.  I rapped, and straight
   A young girl came out through the inner door.
   She had a clear and simple face; I saw
   She had no beauty, loveliness, nor charm,
   But, as your eyes met those grey light-lit eyes
   Like to a mountain spring so pure, you thought:
   “He’d be a clever man who looked, and lied!”
   I asked her for the book. . . .  We spoke a little. . . .
   Her words were as her face was, as her eyes.
   Yes, she’d read many books like this of mine:
   Also some poets, Shelley, Byron too,
   And Tennyson, but ‘poets only dreamed!’
   Thus, then, we talked, until by chance I spoke
   A phrase and then a name.  ’Twas “Henry George.”
   Her face lit up.  O it was beautiful,
   Or never woman’s face was!  “Henry George?”
   She said.  And then a look, a flush, a smile,
   Such as sprung up in Magdalenè’s cheek
   When some voice uttered Jesus, made her angel.
   She turned and pointed up the counter.  I,
   Loosing mine eyes from that ensainted face,
   Looked also.  ’Twas a print, a common print,
   The head and shoulders of some man.  She said,
   Quite in a whisper: “_That’s him_, _Henry George_!”

   Darling, that in this life of wrong and woe,
   The lovely woman-soul within you brooded
   And wept and loved and hated and pitied,
   And knew not what its helplessness could do,
   Its helplessness, its sheer bewilderment—
   That then those eyes should fall, those angel eyes,
   On one who’d brooded, wept, loved, hated, pitied,
   Even as you had, but therefrom had sprung
   A hope, a plan, a scheme to right this wrong,
   And make this woe less hateful to the sun—
   And that pure soul had found its Master thus
   To listen to, remember, watch and love,
   And trust the dawn that rose up through the dark:
   O this was good
   For me to see, as for some weary hopeless
   Longer and toiler for “the Kingdom of Heaven”
   To stand some lifeless twilight hour, and hear,
   There in the dim-lit house of Lazarus,
   Mary who said: “Thus, thus, he looked, he spake,
   The Master!”—So to hear her rapturous words,
   And gaze upon her up-raised heavenly face!

(_For the Ballarat statue of him_.)

   This is Scotch William Wallace.  It was he
   Who in dark hours first raised his face to see:
      Who watched the English tyrant nobles spurn,
   Steel-clad, with iron hoofs the Scottish free:

      Who armed and drilled the simple footman Kern,
      Yea, bade in blood and rout the proud Knight learn
   His Feudalism was dead, and Scotland stand
      Dauntless to wait the day of Bannockburn!

   O Wallace, peerless lover of thy land,
   We need thee still, thy moulding brain and hand!
      For us, thy poor, again proud tyrants spurn,
   The robber rich, a yet more hateful band!


   Pure blue flag of heaven
      With your silver stars,
   Not beside those crosses’
      Blood-stained torture-bars:

   Not beside the token
      The foul sea-harlot gave,
   Pure blue flag of heaven,
      Must you ever wave!

   No, but young exultant,
      Free from care and crime,
   The soulless selfish England
      Of this later time:

   No, but, faithful, noble,
      Rising from her grave,
   Flag of light and liberty,
      For ever must you wave!


   Was it for nothing in the years gone by,
      O my love, O my friend,
   You thrilled me with your noble words of faith?—
   Hope beyond life, and love, love beyond death!
   Yet now I shudder, and yet you did not die,
      O my friend, O my love!

   Was it for nothing in the dear dead years,
      O my love, O my friend,
   I kissed you when you wrung my heart from me,
   And gave my stubborn hand where trust might be?
   Yet then I smiled, and see, these bitter tears,
      O my friend, O my love!

   No bitter words to say to you have I,
      O my love, O my friend!
   That faith, that hope, that love was mine, not yours!
   And yet that kiss, that clasp endures, endures.
   I have no bitter words to say.  Good-bye,
      O my friend, O my love!


   . . . One rises now and speaks: “The Cause is one—
      _Labour o’er all the earth_!  Shan’t we, then, share
   With these, whose very flesh and blood’s our own,
      All that we can of what we have and are?

   “What is it that their work is in the earth,
      Down in its depths, and ours is on the sea?
   The fight they fight is ours; their worth our worth;
      Their loss our loss.  We help them!  They are we!

   “We help them!—Ay, and when our hour too breaks,
      And on to every ship that ploughs the wave
   We put our hand at last, our hand that takes
      Its own, will they forget the help we gave?

   “And, if our robber lords would rob us still
      With the foul hoard of beasts without a soul,
   They may find leprous hands to work their will,
      But, for their ships, where will they find the coal?”

   “Help them!” the voices cry.  They help them.  Here,
      Resolute, stern, menacing, hark the sound!
   Look, ’tis the simple fearlessness of fear—
      Dark faces and deep voices all around.


   “Teach me, love, to be true;
      Teach me, love, to love;
   Teach me to be pure like you.
      It will be more than enough!

   “Ah, and in days to come,
      Give me, my seraph, too,
   A son nobler than I,
      A daughter true like you:

   “A son to battle the wrong,
      To seek and strive for the right;
   A beautiful daughter of song,
      To point us on to the light!”


   “Ah, with torn heart I see them still,
      Wee unused clothes and empty cot.
   Though glad my love has missed the ill
      That falls to woman’s lot.

   “No tangled paths for her to tread
      Throughout the coming changeful years;
   No desperate weird to dree and dread;
      No bitter lonely tears!

   “No woman’s piercing crown of thorns
      Will press my aching baby’s brow;
   No starless nights, no sunless morns,
      Will ever greet her now.

   “The clothes that I had wrought with care
      Through weary hours for love’s sweet sake
   Are laid aside, and with them there
      A heart that seemed to break.”


   Not for the thought that burns on keen and clear,
      Heat that the heat has turned from red to white,
      The passion of the lone remembering night
   One with the patience day must see and hear—
   Not for the shafts the lying foemen fear,
      Shot from the soul’s intense self-centring light—
      But for the heart of love divine and bright,
   We praise you, worker, thinker, poet, seer!
   Man of the People,—faithful in all parts,
      The veins’ last drop, the brain’s last flickering dole,
      You on whose forehead beams the aureole
   That hope and “certain hope” alone imparts—
      Us have you given your perfect heart and soul;
   Wherefore receive as yours our souls and hearts!


   Shrieks out of smoke, a flame of dung-straw fire
      That is not quenched but hath for only fruit
      What writhes and dies not in its rotten root:
   Two things made flesh, the visible desire
   To match in filth the skunk, the ape in ire, {87a}
      Mouthing before the mirrors with wild foot
      Beyond all feebler footprint of pursuit,
   The perfect twanger of the Chinese lyre!
   A heart with generous virtues run to seed
   In vices making all a jumbled creed:
      A soul that knows not love nor trust nor shame,
   But cuts itself with knives to bawl and bleed—
      If thou we’ve known of late, art still the same,
      What need, O soul, to sign thee with thy name?

   Once on thy lips the golden-honeyed bees
      Settling made sweet the heart that was not strong,
      And sky and earth and sea burst into song: {87b}
   Once on thine eyes the light of agonies
   Flashed through the soul and robbed the days of ease. {87c}
      But tunes turn stale when love turns babe, and long
      The exiled gentlemen grow fat with wrong.
   And peasants, workmen, beggars, what are these?  {87d}
   O you who sang the Italian smoke above,—
      Mud-lark of Freedom, pipe of that vile band
   Whose envy slays the tyrant, not the love
   Of these poor souls none have the keeping of—
      It is your hand—it is your pandar hand
      Smites the bruised mouth of pilloried Ireland!


   “If you only knew
   How gladly I’ve given it
   All these years—
   The light of mine eyes,
   The heat of my lips,
   Mine agonies,
   My yearning tears,
   My blood that drips,
   My brain that sears:
   If you only knew
   How gladly I’ve given it
   All these years—
   My hope and my youth,
   My manhood, my Art,
   My passion, my truth,
   My mind and my heart:

   “O my brother, you would not say,
      What have you to do with me?
   You would not, would not turn away
      Doubtingly and bitterly.

   “If you only knew
   How little I cared for
   These other things—
   The delicate speech,
   The high demand
   Of each from each,
   The imaginings
   Of Love’s Holy Land:
   If you only knew
   How little I cared for
   These other things—
   The wide clear view
   Over peoples and times,
   The search in the new
   Entrancing climes,
   Science’s wings
   And Art’s sweet chimes:

   “O my brother, if you only knew
      What to me in these things is understood,
   As it seems to me it would seem to you,
      What was good for the Cause was surely good:

   “O my brother, you would not say:
      What have you to do with me?
   You would not, would not turn away
      Doubtingly and bitterly:

   “But you would take my hand with your hand,
      O my brother, if you only knew;
   You would smile at me, you would understand,
      You would call me brother as I call you!”


   “Take with all my heart, friend, this,
      The labour of my past,
   Though the heart here hidden is
   And the soul’s eternities
      Hold the present fast.

   “Take it, still, with soul and heart,
      Pledge of that dear day
   When the shadows stir and start,
   By the bright Sun burst apart—
      _Young Australia_!”

TO E. L. ZOX. {89}

   We thank you for a noble work well done.
   There is a kindness—(’tis the truer one;
      The better part the simpler heart doth know),
   The care to give the day a brighter sun

   To these, the nameless crowd that drags on slow
   The common toil, the common weary woe
      The world cares nought for.  But _your_ work secures
   Thro’ union strength and self-respect that grow.

   There is a courage that unflawed endures
   The sneer, the slander of earth’s epicures.
      And here are grateful women’s hearts to show
   This kindness and this courage, both are yours!

(_Song of the American Sons of Labour_.)


   “O we knew so well, dear Father,
      When we answered to your call,
   And the Southern Moloch stricken
      Shook and tottered to his fall—

   “O we knew so well you loved us,
      And our hearts beat back to yours
   With the rapturous adoration
      That through all the years endures!

   “Mothers, sisters bade us hasten
      Sweethearts, wives with babe at breast;
   For the Union, faith and freedom,
      For our hero of the West!

   “And we wrung forth victory blood-stained
      From the desperate hands of Crime,
   And our Cause blazed out Man’s beacon
      Through the endless future time!

   “And forgiven, forever we bade it
      Cease, that envy, hatred, strife,
   As he willed, our murdered Father
      That had sealed his love with life!

   “O dear Father, was it thus, then?
      Did we this but in a dream?
   Is it real, hideous present?
      Does our suffering only seem?

   “Bend and listen, look and tell us!
      Are these joyless toilers We?
   Slaves more wretched, patient, piteous
      Than the slaves we fought to free!

   “Are these weak, worn girls and women
      Those whose mothers yet can tell
   How they kissed and clasped men god-like
      With fierce faces fronting hell?

   “Bend and listen, look and tell us!
      Is this silent waste, possessed
   By bloat thieves and their task-masters,
      Thy free, thy fair, thy fearless West?

   “Are these Eastern mobs of wage-slaves,
      Are these cringing debauchees,
   Sons of those who slung their rifles—
      Shook the old Flag to the breeze?”


   “Men and boys, O fathers, brothers,
      Burst these fetters round you bound!
   Women, sisters, wives and mothers,
      Lift your faces from the ground!

   “O Democracy, O People,
      East and West and North and South,
   Rise together, one for ever,
      Strike this Crime upon the mouth!

   “Bid them not, the men who loved you,
      Those who fought for you and died,
   Scorn you that you broke a small Crime,
      Left a great Crime pass in pride!

   “England, France, the played-out countries,
      Let them reek there in their stew,
   Let their past rot out their present,
      But the Future is with you!

   “O America, O first-born
      Of the age that yet shall be
   Where all men shall be as one man,
      Noble, faithful, fearless, free!—

   “O America, O paramour
      Of the foul slave-owner Pelf,
   You who saved from slavery others,
      Now from slavery save yourself!

   “Save yourself, though, anguish-shaken,
      You cry out and bow your head,
   Crying ‘Why am I forsaken?’
      Crying ‘It is finishèd!’

   “Save yourself, no God will save you;
      Not one angel can He give!
   They and He are dead and vanished,
      And ’tis you, ’tis you must live!

   “Risen again, fire-tried, victorious,
      From the grave of Crime down-hurled,
   Peerless, pure, serene and glorious,
      Wield the sceptre of the world!”


   He asked me of my friend—“_a clever man_;
   _Such various talent_, _business_, _journalism_;
   _A pen that might some day have sent out_ ‘_leaders_’
   _From our greatest newspapers_.”—“Yes, all this,
   All this,” I said.—“_And yet he will not rise_?
   _He’ll stay a_ “_comp._,” _a printer all his life_?”—
   I said: “Just that, a workman all his life.”
   But, as my questioner was a business man,
   One of the sons of Capital, a sage
   Whose practicality saw I can suppose
   Quite to his nose-tip even his finger-ends,
   I vouchsafed explanation.  “This young man
   My friend, was born and bred a workman.  All
   His heart and soul (And men have hearts and souls
   Other than those the doctor proses of,
   The parson prates of, and both make their trade)
   Were centred in his comradeship and love.
   His friends, his ‘chums’, were workmen, and the girl
   He wooed, and made a happy wife and mother,
   Had heart and soul like him in whence she sprung.
   Observe now!  When he came to think and read,
   He saw (it seemed to him he saw) in what
   Capitalists, Employers, men like you,
   Think and call ‘justice’ in your inter-dealings,
   Some slight mistakes (I fancy _he’d_ say ‘wrongs’)
   Whereby his order suffered.  So he wonders:
   ‘_Cannot we change this_?’  And he tries and tries,
   Knowing his fellows and adapting all
   His effort in the channels that they know.
   You understand?  He’s ‘only an Unionist!’
   Now for the second point.  This man believes
   That these mistakes—these wrongs (we’ll pass the word)
   Spring from a certain thing called ‘competition’
   Which you (and I) know is a God-given thing
   Whereby the fittest get up to the top
   (That’s I—or you) and tread down all the others.
   Well, this man sees how by this God-given thing
   He has the chance to use his extra wits
   And clamber up: he sees how others have—
   (Like you—or me; my father’s father’s father
   Was a market-gardener and, I trust, a good one).
   He sees, moreover, how perpetually
   Each of his fellows who has extra wits
   Has used them as the fox fallen in the well
   Used the confiding goat, and how the goats
   More and more wallow there and stupefy,
   Robbed of the little wit the hapless crowd
   Had in their general haplessness.  Well, then
   This man of mine (This is against all law,
   Human, divine and natural, I admit)
   Prefers to wallow there and not get out,
   Except they all can!  I’ve made quite a tale
   About what is quite simple.  Yet ’tis curious,
   As I see you hold.  Now frankly tell me, will you,
   What do you think of him?”—“_He is a fool_!”—
   “He is a fool?  There is no doubt of it!
   But I am told that it was some such fool
   Came once from Galilee, and ended on
   A criminal’s cross outside Jerusalem,—
   And that this fool, he and his criminal’s cross,
   Broke up an Empire that seemed adamant,
   And made a new world which, renewed again,
   Is Europe still.
   He is a fool!  And it was some such fool
   Drudged up and down the earth these later years,
   And wrote a Book the other fools bought up
   In tens of thousands, calling it a Gospel.
   And this fool too, and the fools that follow him,
   Or hold with him, why, he and they shall all
   End in the mad-house, or the gutter, where
   They’ll chew the husk of their mad dreams, and die!
   For what are their follies but dreams?  They have _done_ nothing,
   And never will! . . .
   One moment!  I have just a word to say.
   How comes it, tell me, friend, six weeks ago
   A ‘comp.’ was sent a-packing for a cause
   His fellows thought unjust, and that same night
   (Or, rather, the next morning) in comes one
   To tell you (quite politely) that unless
   That ‘comp.’ was setting at his frame, they feared
   One of our greatest newspapers would not go
   That day a harbinger of light and leading
   To gladden and instruct its thousands?  And,
   If I remember right, it did—and so did he,
   That wretched ‘comp.,’ set at his frame, and does!
   How came it also that three months ago
   Your brother, the shipowner, “sacked” a man
   Out of his ship, and bade him go to hell?
   And in the evening up came two or three,
   Discreetly asking him to state the cause?
   And when he said he’d see them with the other,
   (Videlicet, in hell), they said they feared,
   Unless the other came thence (if he was there),
   And was upon his ship to-morrow morning,
   It would not sail.  It did not sail till noon,
   And he sailed with it!
   But this is all beside the point!  Our ‘comp.,’
   Who sweats there, and who will not write you ‘leaders’
   Except to help a friend who’s fallen ill,
   Why, he, beyond a doubt he is a fool!”


(_The Australian Press speaks_).

   “Kill them!  Yes, hang them all!
      They are fiends, just that!
   And we’re all agreed fiends should be sent
      To a place that’s hot.

   “They were fiends, too, of themselves;
      They delighted in it!
   It’s all their fault, their own fault!
      Don’t listen a minute!

   “Don’t let anyone talk
      About ‘fatality,’ ‘lot,’
   That sort of talk (excuse us!)
      Is just damned rot.

   “You and I, p’raps, are what we’re made.
      If I’m dying of phthisis,
   It’s because my father passed on
      To me what the price is

   “Of his excesses, and I,
      Overworked, come off worse.
   Just so; but, with these young fiends,
      It’s quite the reverse.

   “Their homes were happy and bright,
      (All _are_ in Australia).
   Their parents were good, kind, wise:
      No breath of failure

   “Can be breathed on their education,
      Their childhood’s surroundings,
   The healthy training that gives
      Youth morality’s groundings.

   “Those people who say
      That the larrikins come
   From that God-spat-out-thing,
      The Australian ‘home’—

   “The narrow harsh rule
      Of base mean parents,
   Whose played-out ideas drive
      All of good and of fair thence:

   “That our prostitute girls
      Come from just the same Cause—
   Why, these idiots know nothing
      Of facts, social laws!

   “Kill them, then!  Hang them all!
      We (like God) must be just.
   It was all their own faults,
      Not ours. . . .  Dust to dust!”

(_The Time-Spirit speaks_.)

   “Poor lads!  And you for others’ wrongs and sins
   Whose dead past greed and lust did never wince
      To make your fathers, mothers, and now you
   Miserable fiends in hell, must expiate, since

      “We the more guilty, we the strong, the few,
      Whose triumph thrusts you down into the stew,
   Fear lest our victims rise and rend us, fear
      This problem mad we will not listen to!

   “Victims, with her your fellow-victim here,
   Blind, deaf, dumb beasts, the hour shall yet appear
      When men, when justicers resolute-terrible, you
   Shall speak and all men tremble as they hear!”


   [_The Delegates speak_.]

   “‘Tyranny’?  Yes, that’s it!
      We are not afraid
   To face the word that’s fit
      For what we’ve said!

   “It’s the tyranny of the Many,
      That will not allow
   There’s the right to any
      To seek wealth and power now

   “At the expense of the Many.
      Say, that one or this
   Works ‘over hours’: then he
      Drives us all to the abyss,

   “Where, struggling together
      One rises again
   While the rest all together
      Are stifled and slain.

   “From this death-strife of brothers
      Comes the tyranny of One.
   That’s _your_ sort.  But we others,
      _We prefer our own_!”


   O city lapped in sun and Sabbath rest,
   With happy face of plenteous ease possessed,
      Have you no doubts that whisper, dreams that moan
   Disquietude, to stir your slumbering breast?

      Think you the sins of other climes are gone?
      The harlot’s curse rings in your streets—the groan
   Of out-worn men, the stabbed and plundered slaves
      Of ever-growing Greed, these are your own!

   O’er you shall sweep the fiery hell that craves
   For quenchment the bright blood of human waves:
      For you, if you repent not, shall atone
   For Greed’s dark death-holes with War’s swarming graves!


   Little elfin maid,
      Old, though scarce two years,
   With your big dark hazel eyes
      Tenderer than tears,

   And your rosebud mouth
      Lisping jocund things,
   Breaking brooding silence with
      Wistful questionings!

   Like a flower you grew
      While life’s bright sun shone.
   Does the greedy spendthrift earth
      Heed a flower is gone?

   No; but Love’s fond ken,
      That gropes through Death’s strange ways,
   Almost seems to hear your Voice,
      Seems to see your Face!


   Australia listened!  Through the brawling game
      Of played-out rascals gambling for her gold,
      The rotten-hearted traitors who had sold
   For flimsy English gauds her righteous fame—
   Through the foul hubbub, it did seem, there came
      The still small voice of nobler things untold.
      But now, but now with wonder manifold
   She hears a voice that calls her by her name!

   Australia listens, as the mother wilt
      To hear her first-born cry.  “Say, is it death,
   Or life and all life’s hope made audible
      That thrills my heart and gives my spirit faith?”
   From out the gathering war-hosts leaps forth shrill
      The double cry, “_Australia_, _M‘Ilwraith_!”

   The dawn is breaking northward!  Rise, O Sun,
      Australian Liberty, and give us light!
      And thou who through the dark and doubtful night
   With great clear eyes of patience looking on
   Even to that splendid hour REPUBLICAN,
      O know what things are with thee in the fight—
      What hope and trust, what truth, what right, what might
   To never leave this work till it be done!
   Not as these others were, the helpless slaves
      Of each diurnal need and cringing debt,
      Australia’s statesman, have we known thee yet!—
   The world’s great heroes call from a thousand graves:
      “_Thy land_, _a nation_, _cries to thee to be set_
   _Free as the freedom of her ocean waves_!”


    LONDON, May 15, 1889.—“The promised interview with the Emperor
    William was granted to-day to the delegates from the coal-miners now
    on strike in Westphalia; but the audience lasted for only ten
    minutes.  The men asked that the Emperor would inquire into the
    merits of their case and the hardships under which they suffered.
    His Majesty replied that he was already inquiring into the matter.
    He then warned the miners that he would employ all his great powers
    to repress socialistic agitation and intrigue.  If the slightest
    resistance was shown he would shoot every man so offending.  On the
    other hand, he promised to protect them if peaceable.”—_Cablegram_.

   Son of a Man and grandson of a Man,
      Mannikin most miserable in thy shrunken shape
      And peevish, shrivelled-soul, is’t _thou_ wouldst ape
   The thunder-bearer of Fate’s blustering clan?
   Know, then, that never, since the years began,
      The terrible truth was surer of this word:
      “_Who takes the sword_, _shall perish by the sword_!”
   For mankind’s nod makes mannikin and man.

   Surely it was not shed too long ago,
   That Emperor’s blood that stained the Northern snow,
      O thou King Stork aspiring that art King Log,
      Wild-boar that wouldst be, reeking there all hog;
   To teach thy brutish brainlessness to know
      Those who pulled down a lion can shoot a dog.

(_For the Irish Delegates in Australia_.)

      Do you want to hear a story
      With a nobler praise than “glory,”
   Of a man who loved the right like heaven and loathed the wrong like
      Then, that story let me tell you
      Once again, though it as well you
   Know as I—the splendid story of the man they call Parnell!

      By the wayside of the nations,
      Lashed with whips and execrations,
   Helpless, hopeless, bleeding, dying, she, the Maiden Nation, lay;
      And the burthen of dishonour
      Weighed so grievously upon her
   That her very children hid their eyes and crept in shame away.

      And there as she was lying
      Helpless, hopeless, bleeding, dying,
   All her high-born foes came round her, fleering, jeering, as they
      “What is freedom fought and won for?
      She is dead!  She’s down and done for!”
   And her weeping children shuddered as they crouched and whispered:

      Then suddenly up-starting,
      All that throng before him parting,
   See, a man with firm step breaking through that central knot that
      And, as by some dear lost sister,
      He knelt down, and softly kissed her,
   And he raised his pale, proud face, and cried: “She is not dead.  She

      “O she lives, I say, and I here,
      I am come to fight and die here
   For the love my heart has for her like a slow consuming fire;
      For the love of her low lying,
      For the hatred deep, undying
   Of the robber lords who struck and stabbed and trod her in the mire!”

      Then upon that cry bewildering,
      Some of them, her hapless children—
   In their hearts there leaped up hope like light when night gives birth
   to day;
      And, as mocks and threats defied him,
      One by one they came beside him,
   Till they stood, a band of heroes, sombre, desperate, at bay!

      And the battle that they fought there,
      And the bitter truth they taught there
   To the blinded Sister-Nation suffering grievously alway,
      All the wrong and rapine past hers,
      Of her lords and her task masters,
   Is not this the larger hope of all as night gives birth to day!

      For the lords and liars are quaking
      At the People’s stern awaking
   From their slumber of the ages; and the Peoples slowly rise,
      And with hands locked tight together,
      One in heart and soul for ever,
   Watch the sun of Light and Liberty leap up into the skies!

      That’s the story, that’s the story
      With a nobler praise than “glory,”
   Of the Man who loved the right like heaven and loathed the wrong like
      And with calm, proud exultation
      Bade her stand at last a nation,
   Ireland, Ireland that is one name with the name of Charles Parnell!


[The spectacle of the life of the London Dock labourers is one of the
most terrible examples of the logical outcome of the present social
system.  In the six great metropolitan docks over 100,000 men are
employed, the great bulk of whom are married and have families.  By the
elaborate system of sub-contracts their wages have been driven down to
4d., 3d., and even 2d. for the few hours they are employed, making the
average weekly earnings of a man amount to 7, 6, and even 5 shillings a
week!  Hundreds and hundreds of lives are lost or ruined every year by
the perilous nature of the work, and absolutely without compensation.
Yet so fierce is the competition that men are not unfrequently maimed or
even killed in the desperate struggles at the gates for the tickets of
employment, guaranteeing a “pay” which often does not amount to more than
a few pence!  The streets and houses inhabited by this unfortunate class
are of the lowest kind—haunts of vice, disease, and death, and the
monopolistic companies are thus directly able to profit by their
wholesale demoralization by ruthlessly crushing out, through the
contractors, all efforts at organisation on the part of the men.  To see
these immense docks, the home of that more immense machine, British
Commerce, crowded with huge and stately ships, steamers, and sailors the
first in the world, and to watch with intelligent eyes by what means the
colossal work of loading and unloading them is carried out; this is to
face a sacrificial orgy of human life—childhood, youth, manhood,
womanhood, and age, with everything that makes them beautiful and
ennobling, and not merely a misery and a curse—far more appalling than
any Juggernaut progress or the human holocausts that were offered up to

   I stood in the ghastly gleaming night by the swollen, sullen flow
   Of the dreadful river that rolls her tides through the City of Wealth
   and Woe;
   And mine eyes were heavy with sleepless hours, and dry with desperate
   And my brain was throbbing and aching, and mine anguish had no relief.
   For never a moment—no; not one—through all the dreary day,
   And thro’ all the weary night forlorn, would the pitiless pulses stay
   Of the thundering great Machinery that such insistence had,
   As it crushed out human hearts and souls, that it slowly drove me mad.

   And there, in the dank and foetid mist, as I, silent and tearless,
   And the river’s exhalations, sweating forth their muddy blood,
   Breathed full on my face and poisoned me, like the slow, putrescent
   That carries away from the shambles the refuse of flesh and brain—
   There rose up slowly before me, in the dome of the city’s light,
   A vast and shadowy Substance, with shafts and wheels of might,
   Tremendous, ruthless, fatal; and I knew the visible shape
   Of that thundering great Machinery from which there was no escape.

   It stood there high in the heavens, fronting the face of God,
   And the spray it sprinkled had blasted the green and flowery sod
   All round where, through stony precincts, its Cyclopean pillars fell
   To its adamantine foundations that were fixed in the womb of hell.
   And the birds that, wild and whirling, and moth-like, flew to its
   Were struck by the flying wheel-spokes, and maimed and murdered there;
   And the dust that swept about its black panoply overhead,
   And the din of it seemed to shatter and scatter the sheeted dead.

   But mine eyes were fixed on the people that sought this horrible den,
   And they mounted in thronged battalions, children and women and men,
   Right out from the low horizons, more far than the eye could see,
   From the north and the south and the east and the west, they came
   Some silent, some raving, some sobbing, some laughing, some cursing,
   some crying,
   Some alone, some with others, some struggling, some dragging the dead
   and the dying
   Up to the central Wheel enormous with its wild devouring breath
   That winnowed the livid smoke-clouds and the sickening fume of death.

   Then suddenly, as I watched it all, a keen wind blew amain,
   And the air grew clearer and purer, and I could see it plain—
   How under the central Wheel a black stone Altar stood,
   And a great, gold Idol upon it was gleaming like fiery blood.
   And there, in front of the Altar, was a huge, round lurid Pit,
   And the thronged battalions were marching to the yawning mouth of it
   In the clangour of the Machinery and the Wheel’s devouring breath
   That winnowed the livid smoke-clouds and the sickening fume of death.

   And once again as I gazed there, and the keen wind still blew on,
   I saw the shape of the Idol like a king turned carrion,
   Yet crowned and more terrific thus for his human fleshly loss,
   And with one clenched hand he brandished a lash, and the other held up
   a cross!
   And all around the Altar were seated, joyous and free,
   In garments richly-coloured and choice, a goodly company,
   Eating and drinking and wantoning, like gods that scorned to know
   Of the thundering great Machinery and the crowds and the Pit below.

   Ah, Christ! the sights and the sounds there that every hour befell
   Would wring the heart of the devils spinning ropes of sand in hell,
   But not the insolent Revellers in their old lascivious ease—
   Children hollow-eyed, starving, consumed alive with disease;
   Boys and men tortured to fiends and branded with shuddering fire;
   Girls and women shrieking caught, and whored, and trampled to death in
   the mire;
   Babyhood, youth, and manhood and womanhood that might have been,
   Kneaded, a bloody pulp, to feed the gold-grinding murderous Machine!

   And still, with aching eyeballs, I stared at that hateful sight,
   At the long dense lines of the people and the shafts and wheels of
   When slowly, slowly emerging, I saw a great Globe rise,
   Blood-red on the dim horizon, and it swam up into the skies.
   But whether indeed it were the sun or the moon, I could not say,
   For I knew not now in my watching if it were night or day.
   But when that Great Globe steadied above the central Wheel,
   The thronged battalions wavered and paused, and an awful silence fell.

   Then (I know not how, but so it was) in a moment the flash of an eye—
   A murmur ran and rose to a voice, and the voice to a terrible cry:
   “Enough, enough!  It has had enough!  We will march no more till we
   In the furnace Pit.  Give us food!  Give us rest!  Though the accursed
   Machinery stop!”
   And then, with a shout of angry fear, the Revellers sprang to their
   And the call was for cannon and cavalry, for rifle and bayonet.
   And one rose up, a leader of them, lifting a threatening rod.
   And “Stop the Machinery!” he yelled, “you might as well stop God!”

   But the terrible thunder-cry replied: “If this indeed must be,
   It is YOU should be cast to the furnace Pit to feed the Machine—not
   And the central Wheel enormous slowed down in groaning plight,
   And all the ærial movement ceased of the shafts and wheels of might,
   And a superhuman clamour leaped madly to where overhead
   The great Globe swung in the gathering gloom, portentous, huge,
   But my brain whirled round and my blinded eyes no more could see or
   Till I struggling seemed to awake at last by the swollen, sullen flow
   Of the dreadful river that rolls her tides through the City of Wealth
   and Woe!

“_A little Soldier of the Army of the Night_.”

   Bury him without a word!
      No appeal to death;
   Only the call of the bird
      And the blind spring’s breath.

   Nature slays ten, yet the one
      Reaches but to a part
   Of what’s to be done, to be sung.
      Keep we a proud heart!

   Let us not glose her waste
      With lies and dreams;
   Fawn on her wanton haste,
      Say it but seems.

   Comrades, with faces unstirred,
      Scorning grief’s dole,
   Though with him, with him lies interred
      Our heart and soul,

   Bury him without a word!
      No appeal to death;
   Only the call of the bird
      And the blind spring’s breath.


   Madam, you have done well!  Let others with praise unholy,
      Speech addressed to a woman who never breathed upon earth,
   Daub you over with lies or deafen your ears with folly,
      I will praise you alone for your actual imminent worth.
   Madam, you have done well!  Fifty years unforgotten
      Pass since we saw you first, a maiden simple and pure.
   Now when every robber landlord, capitalist rotten,
      Hated oppressors, praise you—Madam, we are quite sure!

   Never once as a foe, open foe, to the popular power,
      As nobler kings and queens, have you faced us, fearless and bold:
   No, but in backstairs fashion, in the stealthy twilight hour,
      You have struggled and struck and stabbed, you have bartered and
   bought and sold!
   Melbourne, the listless liar, the gentleman blood-beslavered,
      Disraeli, the faithless priest of a cynical faith out-worn,
   These were dear to your heart, these were the men you favoured.
      Those whom the People loved were fooled and flouted and torn!

   Never in one true cause, for your people’s sake and the light’s sake,
      Did you strike one honest blow, did you speak one noble word:
   No, but you took your place, for the sake of wrong and the night’s
      Ever with blear-eyed wealth, with the greasy respectable herd.
   Not as some robber king, with a resolute minister slave to you, {110}
      Did you swagger with force against us to satisfy your greed:
   No, but you hoarded and hid what your loyal people gave to you,
      Golden sweat of their toil, to keep you a queen indeed!

   Pure at least was your bed? pure was your Court?—We know not.
      Were the white sepulchres pure?  Gather men thorns of grapes?
   Your sons and your blameless spouse’s, certes, as Galahads show not.
      Round you gather a crowd of bloated hypocrite shapes!
   Never, sure, did one woman produce in such sixes and dozens
      Such intellectual _canaille_ as this that springs from you;
   Sons, daughters, grandchildren, with uncles, aunts, and cousins,
      Not a man or a woman among them—a wretched crew!

   Madam, you have done well!  You have fed all these to repletion—
      You have put a gilded calf beside a gilded cow,
   And bidden men and women behold the forms of human completion—
      Albert the Good, Victoria the Virtuous, for ever—and now!
   But what to you were our bravest and best, man of science and poet,
      Struggling for Light and Truth, or the Women who would be free?
   Carlyle, Darwin, Huxley, Spencer, Arnold?  We know it—
      Tennyson slavers your hand; Argyll fawns at your knee!

   Good, you were good, we say.  You had no wit to be evil.
      Your purity shines serene over Floras mangled and dead.
   You wasted not our substance in splendour, in riot or revel—
      You quietly sat in the shade and grew fat on our wealth instead.
   Madam, you have done well!  To you, we say, has been given
      A wit past the wit of women, a supercomputable worth.
   Of you we can say, if not “of such are the Kingdom of Heaven,”
      Of such (alas for us!), of such are the Kingdom of Earth!


   In the early summer morning
      I stand and watch them come,
   The children to the school-house;
      They chatter and laugh and hum.

   The little boys with satchels
      Slung round them, and the girls
   Each with hers swinging in her hand;
      I love their sunny curls.

   I love to see them playing,
      Romping and shouting with glee,
   The boys and girls together,
      Simple, fearless, free.

   I love to see them marching
      In squads, in file, in line,
   Advancing and retreating,
      Tramping, keeping time.

   Sometimes a little lad
      With a bright brave face I’ll see,
   And a wistful yearning wonder
      Comes stealing over me.

   For once I too had a darling;
      I dreamed what he should do,
   And surely he’d have had, I thought,
      Just such a face as you.

   And I, I dreamed to see him
      Noble and brave and strong,
   Loving the light, the lovely,
      Hating the dark, the wrong,—

   Loving the poor, the People,
      Ready to smile and give
   Blood and brain to their service,
      For them to die or live!

   No matter, O little darlings!
      Little boys, you shall be
   My citizens for faithful labour,
      My soldiers for victory!

   Little girls, I charge you
      Be noble sweethearts, wives,
   Mothers—comrades the sweetest,
      Fountains of happy lives!

   Farewell, O little darlings!
      Far away,—with strangers, too—
   He sleeps, the little darling,
      I dreamed to see like you.

   And I, O little darlings,
      I have many miles to go,
   And where I too may stop and sleep,
      And when, I do not know.

   But I charge you to remember
      The love, the trust I had,
   That you’d be noble, fearless, free,
      And make your country glad!

   That you should toil together,
      Face whatever yet shall be,
   My citizens for faithful labour,
      My soldiers for victory!

   I charge you to remember;
      I bless you with my hand,
   And I know the hour is coming
      When you shall understand:

   When you shall understand too,
      Why, as I said farewell,
   Although my lips were smiling,
      The shining tears down fell.

“_On the Ranges_, _Queensland_.”

   Beyond the night, down o’er the labouring East,
   I see light’s harbinger of dawn released:
   Upon the false gleam of the ante-dawn,
   Lo, the fair heaven of day-pursuing morn!

   Beyond the lampless sleep and perishing death
   That hold my heart, I feel my new life’s breath,
   I see the face my spirit-shape shall have
   When this frail clay and dust have fled the grave.

   _Beyond the night_, _the death of doubt_, _defeat_,
   _Rise dawn and morn_, _and life with light doth meet_,
   _For the great Cause_, _too_,—_sure as the sun yon ray_
   _Shoots up to strike the threatening clouds and say_;
   “_I come_, _and with me comes the victorious Day_!”

                                * * * * *

   When I was young, the muse I worshipped took me,
      Fearless, a lonely heart, to look on men.
      “’Tis yours,” said she, “to paint this show of them
   Even as they are!”  Then smiling she forsook me.

   Wherefore with passionate patience I withdrew,
      With eyes from which all loves, hates, hopes, and fears,
      Joys aureole, and the blinding sheen of tears,
   Were purged away.  And what I saw I drew.

   Then, as I worked remote, serene, alone,
      A child-girl came to me and touched my cheek,
      And lo her lips were pale, her limbs were weak,
   Her eyes had thirst’s desire and hunger’s moan.

   She said: “I am the soul of this sad day
      Where thousands toil and suffer hideous Crime,
      Where units rob and mock the empty time
   With revel and rank prayer and deaths display!”

   I said: “O child, how shall I leave my songs,
      My songs and tales, the warp and subtle woof
      Of this great work and web, in your behoof
   To strive and passionately sing of wrongs?

   “Child, is it nothing that I here fulfil
      My heart and soul? that I may look and see
      Where Homer bends and Shakspere smiles on me,
   And Goethe praises the unswerving will?”

   She hung her head, and straight, without a word,
      Passed from me.  And I raised my conscious face
      To where, in beauteous power in her place,
   She stood, the muse, my muse, and watched and heard.

   Her proud and marble brow was faintly flushed;
      Upon her flawless lips, and in her eyes
      A mild light flickered as the young sunrise,
   Glad, sacred, terrible, serene and hushed.

   Then I cried out, and rose with pure wrath wild,
      Desperate with hatred of Fate’s slavery
      And this cold cruel demon.  With that cry,
   I left her, and sought out the piteous child.

   “_Darling_, _’tis nothing that I shed and weep_
      _These tears of fire that wither all the heart_,
      _These bloody sweats that drain and sear and smart_,
   _I love you_, _and you’ll kiss me when I sleep_!”

                                * * * * *

                                 THE END.

                                * * * * *


    “This volume holds within its slim covers more restrained power,
    inward, incisive vision, and passionate pity than any volume of verse
    that has seen the light in the Southern Hemisphere (always, of
    course, excepting the complete ‘Poetical Works’ of the same author).
    _That_ is a bewildering book, a veritable thousand islands of
    passion, pathos, poetry, set in a restless, weary sea. . .    The
    uncontrollable out-bursts of a noble, tender soul maddened by the
    misery and hypocrisy of our cannibal civilisation,

                       This putrid death,
      This flesh-feast of the few,
         This social structure of red mud,
      This edifice of slime,
   Whose bricks are bones, whose mortar blood,
      Whose pinnacle is crime!

    Hemorrhages from the very vitals of one tortured in Hell.  Not the
    quaint conglomeration of bottomless brimstone and three-tined forks,
    but the now non-exploding self-adjusting patent Hell ‘of our own
    manufacture,’ whose seventh hopeless circle centres in the old
    village by the Thames—(trade mark, ‘Commerce and Christ.’)”—SYDNEY
    JEPHCOTT, “_Australian Standard_.”


   “Francis Adams is about the least Australian of the Australian poets.
   There is in his work lack of wattle-bloom and waratah, rollicking
   rhyme and galloping jingle.  There is much of old-world problems and
   old-world troubles, which are old-world simply because we here have
   not had time enough to breed the fever germ to a ravaging pestilence.
   We have, however, the fever germ, and Francis Adams does our young
   country yeoman service in awakening a fear for the future in his
   latest book of poems, ‘Songs of the Army of the Night.’  The book is
   not all night though.  It is a cantata without music.  The first part
   is all gloom; angry threatening clouds bar out the light of the coming
   dawn; footsteps of the weary and fallen plash along in the mud and
   darkness; the lightning of angry steel, gleaming phosphorescent in the
   night; the hoarse hum of famished millions moiling along with a dim
   yearning for a bloody vengeance, contribute the details of a grim
   picture of realistic misery.  The first part deserves the title given
   to the whole book, ‘Songs of the Army of the Night.’  The third part
   is perturbed and stormy, the sea heaving and surging after a tempest;
   but already the day is breaking, and young hope is felt in the warmth
   of the sun’s first rays.  The third part might be justly termed ‘Songs
   of the Dawn.’  The second part is hot and heavy with the languorous
   heat of the tropics. . . .  The whole book is a hymn in praise of
   fodder.  The people march hungry, hoarse with lack of sustenance,
   gripping their firelocks with feverish, skeleton hands, glaring
   fiercely with famished eyes towards the granaries of the wealthy. . .
   .  This is the sermon of Nature: ‘If you would be good, eat.’  It is
   in the first part that we hear the trumpet-blast of the social
   message.  Here the verses throb with a realistic agony, a lyric
   Zolaism, that chains the eyes to the page with a virile fascination.
   It is so simple, too—the coarse, strong meat of the poetry of first
   principles.  The lines are hot and fervid; the poet’s pulses keep time
   with the great heart of human woe.  This is socialism in verse,
   anarchism in the guise of a Grecian statue.  ‘Outside London’ breathes
   thick and heavy with the vapours of gutterdom.  It is despair, hunger,
   prophecy, hate, revenge.  Francis Adams, a ripe and true scholar, in
   this shows his devotion to truth and to art.  The traditions of
   classicism are in this volume thrown to the winds.  The poet’s muse is
   a glorified street trull, a Cassandra of the slums, a draggle-tailed
   Menad from Whitechapel, and her voice is thick and frenzied with
   shouting at the barricades.  ‘The Evening Hymn in the Hovels,’
   ‘Hagar,’ ‘To the Girls of the Unions,’ ‘In the Edgware Road,’ ‘In
   Trafalgar Square,’ ‘Aux Ternes,’ ‘One among so many,’ ‘The New
   Locksley Hall,’ ‘To the Christians,’ voice in passionate, simple
   people’s lyrics the socialism which is always felt in strong
   under-currents by a nation before it appears in literary form, but
   which is only on the eve of bursting forth and overwhelming everything
   with its fury, when it does appear in literary form.  Rosseau,
   Voltaire, and Diderot ushered in the French Revolution; in similar
   fashion the English Revolution is heralded by William Morris and
   Francis Adams.”—F. J. BROOMFIELD, Sydney _Bulletin_.


   _To the Author of the_ “_Songs of the Army of the Night_.”

   We—who, encircled in sleepless sadness
      With ears laid close to the Austral earth,
   Have heard far cries of wrong-wrought madness,
      Of hopeless anguish and murd’rous mirth
   Beneath all noise of maudlin gladness
      Awail, environ the world’s wide girth—

   Almost arise with Hope’s keen urging
      When out the vasty and night-bound North
   Red rays ascend, and Songs resurging
      Through all the darkness and chill, come forth!

   The comet climbs until it scorches
      The sacred dais that skies the great,
   Until it gleams on palace porches,
      Where blissful æons-to-be hold state—
   Fades, and we know it one of the torches
      Madmen a moment elevate!

   And, closer clutching the earth, our sorrow
      Doth then with desperate murmur cry,
   “We ne’er shall see or morn or morrow!
      For never star doth scale the sky,

   “All men made wise through midnight sable
      To lead where, safe after all annoy,
   Sleep soft in earth’s Augean stable
      The virgin “_Justice_,” the infant “_Joy_!”—
   Grant this, O Father, being able,
      Or else in merciful might destroy

   “This orb whose past and present, awful
      Alike, attest it a torture wheel,
   Where, bound by holy men and lawful,
      Man’s body’s broken with bars of steel!”

   But when we pause, despairing wholly,
      As a storm that strengthens out on the sea,
   The far-flown SONGS come sounding slowly!
      As sea-birds kindle that sweep alee
   New hopes, old yearnings winging slowly
      From breast to bosom for shelter flee!

   And scarce we know, as there they hover
      And our blood beats ’neath their beating wings,
   If ’tis an old dream earthed over
      Or new bird-ballad that stirs and sings!

   But truth’s Tyrtæus is now our neighbour,
      And strives to waken the slumbering South
   With peal and throb of trump and tabour
      And sobbing songs of his mournful mouth
   To see where Life’s all-giver, Labour,
      Lies fettered, famished and dumb with drouth.

                                                          SYDNEY JEPHCOTT,
                                  Brisbane _Boomerang_, 25th January 1888.


{27}  In _The New Arcadia_ Miss Robinson devoted to the Cause of Labour a
dilettante little book that had not even one note of the true, the sweet
and lovely poetry of her deeper impulses.  There is the amateur, and the
female amateur, no less in perception and emotion than in the technical
aspects of our art, and we want no more flimsy “sympathetic” rigmaroles,
like “The Cry of the Children,” or “A Song for the Ragged Schools of
London,” from those who, in the portraiture of the divine simple woman’s
soul within them, can give us poetry complete, genuine, everlasting.

{32}  His attack on George Eliot in “Fiction, Fair and Foul,” in the
_Nineteenth Century_, for instance.

{33}  The attack on Missionary Ridge is an example of the brilliant
initiative, as the holding of the Bloody Angle in the Wilderness is of
the dauntless resolution, of the army of the Democracy of the United
States, while the last attacks on Richmond were the final exploit of the
conqueror of two combatants, of whom it is enough to say that they were
worthy of one another.

{35}  Something like an adequate account of this great _révolution
manquée_, which in England and 1381 went near to anticipating France and
1793, has at last found its place in the historian’s pages, and Longland
the poet, Ball the preacher, and Tyler the man of action, who first
raised for us the democratic demand, can be seen somewhat as they were.
This, and more, we owe to John Richard Green.  An account of the Revolt
will be found in section 4 of chapter 5 of his “Short History of the
English People.”  The phrases in verses 3 and 5 were catchwords among the

{36}  After dismissing the peasants with the formally written
acknowledgment of their freedom and rights, Richard II. with an army of
40,000 followers avenged himself and his lords by ruthless and prolonged
massacres over the whole country.

{38}  Who owns, and rack-rents, some of the vilest slums in London, and
is beautifully æsthetic in private life.

{39a}  The French.

{39b}  “Vœ victis!” woe to the conquered—the motto of the Gauls in Rome
as of the modern Civilization of Land and Capital.

{44}  France.

{45}  In Père-la-Chaise, the famous Parisian cemetery, the Communists
made a desperate stand, but were overcome and the captured ones shot.
And Morny’s vaulted tomb was close at hand, and Balzac smiled his animal
cynicism from his bust.  Victims, murderer, and commenting Chorus, all
were there.

{46}  A part of Paris.

{49}  The New Model is the name by which is known that reorganization of
the Roundhead Army, without which Cromwell saw that the Cavaliers could
not be conquered.  No one was permitted in its ranks who did not
thoroughly believe in the Cause for which it fought.

{66}  This graveyard, one side of a gully, which suddenly expands and
leaves its base large enough for the local race-course, is in summer one
of the loveliest spots on earth.  Hindoos, Protestants, Catholics, and
Mahommadan have their separate portions.  Here in regimental or
individual tombs are the record of noble lives thrown away in the
iniquity of the English relations with China.

{69a}  The Russian tea-urn.

{69b}  In China the system of Trades Unions is admirable.—Coolie is the
generic term in the East for labourer.

{70}  This is one of the three well-known colossi of Gautama, the Buddha.
The same type of proud patience marks this embodiment of the suffering
East, wherever we meet it.

{76}  Dr Moorhouse came out to Melbourne as bishop in the Church of
England there in 1876.  He almost immediately took the position of the
leading religious personality in Australia.  To a rare geniality he added
the gifts of a “scholar” and a “gentleman,” both real and both as modern
as yet seems permitted to the old caste and religion.  He achieved an
influence over men of all denominations, and of none, that was quite
phenomenal, and might have been used for a national object as great as
good.  The work of his diocese, however, proving too much for his
strength, he announced the fact, and declared that, unless his bishopric
were divided, he would be compelled to resign it.  Shortly afterwards he
accepted the bishopric of Manchester, on the ground that “a larger sphere
of labour had been offered to him unsolicited.”  His departure was a sort
of national event.

{79a}  Orang-utan.

{79b}  The Buddhistic temple in Java, known as the temple of Borobodo.

{80}  This explanation of these curious arborial growths is Mr Alfred
Wallace’s (_Malay Archipelago_, chapter v.), and in this matter also we
may perhaps be content to rely on that “innate genius for solving
difficulties” which Darwin has assigned to the illustrious naturalist
whom Socialism is proud to number among her sons.

{84}  The Australian Seamen’s Union, after defeating our most powerful
shipping company over the question of Coloured Labour, after compelling
the companies that used Coloured Labour to abandon all coastal trade, in
alliance with the Miners, faces the craft that was once the brutality of
the sea-capitalists with the same dauntless determination, the same noble
self-restraint, that made it long ago the protagonist of Australian

{87a}  His attack on Carlyle, for instance, of which the prose part is
the fouler, the verse part the more virulent.

{87b}  Poems and Ballads.  (1st Series.)

{87c}  Songs before Sunrise.

{87d}  The picturesque Italian gentlemen who struggled so heroically for
Italian Nationalism represent to-day a tyranny deeper and more dark than
that of the Austrian foreigners, the tyranny of _caste_.  The certainty
of popularity was the bait held out by the greasy respectability of the
_London Times_, and poetical vanity swallowed it, making Mr Swinburne
also among the panders in his denunciation of Irish Nationalism.

{89}  To Mr Zox is chiefly due the formation of the Union of Female
Workers, Servants, and Shop-girls in Melbourne.  There is no class called
upon to endure more petty tyranny and injustice, more hard work and
insult, and there is no class which finds less real sympathy and help.
Cannot stupid Sydney follow suit?

{95}  This was one of the most horrible crimes of our time.  A band of
young ruffians assaulted, violated, and frightfully maltreated a young
girl of rather dubious character.  Nine were arraigned, seven condemned
to death, and four hanged.  The trial was most indecently hurried by a
Judge who seemed determined to make the affair, from the aspect of law
and justice, as evilly noteworthy as from other aspects of it.

{110}  Charles I. and Stafford, _e.g._

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